FreeBSD 13.2-RELEASE README
This document gives a brief introduction to FreeBSD 13.2-RELEASE. It includes some information on how to obtain FreeBSD, a listing of various ways to contact the FreeBSD Project, and pointers to some other sources of information.
Table of Contents
This distribution is a release of FreeBSD 13.2-RELEASE, the latest point along the 13-STABLE branch.
FreeBSD is an open source operating system derived from 4.4 BSD Lite2 for 64-bit x86-based PC hardware (amd64), 32-bit x86-based PC hardware (i386), 64-bit Arm® ARMv8-A AArch64 systems (aarch64), 32-bit Arm® ARMv6/7 systems (armv6/7), PowerPC® systems (powerpc, powerpc64), RISC-V (riscv64) systems, and MIPS® systems (mips, mips64). FreeBSD works with a wide variety of peripherals and configurations and can be used for everything from software development to games to Internet Service Provision.
This release of FreeBSD contains everything you need to run such a system, including full source code for the kernel and all utilities in the base distribution. With the source distribution installed, you can literally recompile the entire system from scratch with one command, making it ideal for students, researchers, or users who simply want to see how it all works.
A large collection of third-party ported software (the Ports Collection) is also provided to make it easy to obtain and install all your favorite traditional UNIX® utilities for FreeBSD. Each port consists of a set of scripts to retrieve, configure, build, and install a piece of software, with a single command. Over 36000 ports, from editors to programming languages to graphical applications, make FreeBSD a powerful and comprehensive operating environment that extends far beyond what’s provided by many commercial versions of UNIX®. Most ports are also available as pre-compiled packages, which can be quickly installed via the pkg(8) utility.
This release of FreeBSD is suitable for all users. It has undergone a period of testing and quality assurance checking to ensure the highest reliability and dependability.
FreeBSD may be obtained in a variety of ways. The most convenient way is to download a release image. Links to images for recent releases can be found on the FreeBSD Web site’s download page. This page includes information about the different types of images available as well as other ways to obtain a copy of FreeBSD.
Contacting the FreeBSD Project
Email and Mailing Lists
For general questions or technical support, please address the FreeBSD general questions mailing list.
If you track the
13-STABLE branch: you must
subscribe to the FreeBSD-STABLE
mailing list, to keep abreast of developments and changes that
may affect your use and maintainance of the system.
Being a largely volunteer effort, the Project is always happy to have extra hands willing to help — there are far more desired enhancements than there is time to implement them. To contact the developers on technical matters, or with offers of help, please address the FreeBSD technical discussions mailing list.
These lists above can experience significant amounts of traffic. If you have slow or expensive email access, or if you are only interested in major announcements, you may prefer subscription to the FreeBSD announcements mailing list.
All public mailing lists can be joined by anyone wishing to do so. More than a hundred lists are public; https://lists.freebsd.org/ shows them all, and provides information about browsing the archives, subscribing, and unsubscribing.
Submitting Problem Reports
Suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always valued. Please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find. Bug reports with attached fixes are of course even more welcome.
The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with Internet connectivity is to use the Bugzilla bug tracker. Problem Reports (PRs) submitted in this way will be filed and their progress tracked; the FreeBSD developers will do their best to respond to all reported bugs as soon as possible. A list of all active PRs is available on the FreeBSD Web site; this list is useful to see what potential problems other users have encountered.
For more information, "Writing FreeBSD Problem Reports", available on the FreeBSD Web site, has a number of helpful hints on writing and submitting effective problem reports.
There are many sources of information about FreeBSD; some are included with this distribution, while others are available on-line or in print versions.
A number of other files provide more specific information about
this release distribution. These files are provided in various
formats. Most distributions will include both ASCII text
.TXT) and HTML (
.HTM) renditions. Some distributions may also
include other formats such as Portable Document Format
README.TXT: This file, which gives some general information about FreeBSD as well as some cursory notes about obtaining a distribution.
RELNOTES.TXT: The release notes, showing what’s new and different in FreeBSD 13.2-RELEASE compared to the previous release (FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE).
HARDWARE.TXT: The hardware compatibility list, showing devices with which FreeBSD has been tested and is known to work.
ERRATA.TXT: Release errata. Late-breaking, post-release information can be found in this file, which is principally applicable to releases (as opposed to snapshots). It is important to consult this file before installing a release of FreeBSD, as it contains the latest information on problems which have been found and fixed since the release was created.
During installation, these documents are available via the Documentation menu. Once the system is installed, you can revisit this menu by re-running the bsdinstall(8) utility.
To learn about any late-breaking news or post-release problems, it is extremely important to read the errata for any given release before installing it. The errata file accompanying each release (most likely right next to this file) is already out of date by definition, but other copies are kept updated on the Internet and should be consulted as the current errata for this release. These other copies of the errata are located at https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases (as well as any sites which keep up-to-date mirrors of this location).
As with almost all UNIX®-like operating systems, FreeBSD includes a set of manual pages, accessible online or with the man(1) command.
In general, these pages provide information on the different commands and APIs available to the FreeBSD user.
Some pages are written to give information on particular topics. Notable examples include tuning(7) (a guide to performance tuning), security(7) (an introduction to FreeBSD security), and style(9) (a style guide for kernel coding).
Books and Articles
FreeBSD Project-maintained documentation includes the highly useful FreeBSD Handbook, which includes a detailed guide to installing and upgrading the operating system, and FreeBSD FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). The Handbook and FAQ are online in the documentation portal and at mirror sites.
Other Project-maintained books and articles are more
specialized — covering a wide range of topics, from effective use
of the mailing lists, to dual-booting FreeBSD with other operating
systems, to guidelines for new committers. Like the Handbook and
FAQ, these documents are in the portal, mirrors and
For offline documentation in HTML and PDF formats: you can
install a language-specific package such as misc/freebsd-doc-en
(-en for English), or multi-language misc/freebsd-doc-all.
Alternatively, use a copy of the
repo to build and install from source code.
A listing of other books and documents about FreeBSD can be found in the bibliography of the FreeBSD Handbook. Because of FreeBSD’s strong UNIX® heritage, many other articles and books written for UNIX® systems are applicable as well, some of which are also listed in the bibliography.
FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many hundreds, if not thousands, of individuals from around the world who have worked countless hours to bring about this release. For a complete list of FreeBSD developers and contributors, please see "Contributors to FreeBSD" on the FreeBSD Web site or any of its mirrors.
Special thanks also go to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over the world, without whom this release simply would not have been possible.
Last modified on: April 10, 2023 by Graham Perrin