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This report covers FreeBSD related projects between April and September 2009. During that time a lot of work has been done on wide variety of projects, including the Google Summer of Code projects. The BSDCan conference was held in Ottawa, CA, in May. The EuroBSDCon conference was held in Cambridge, UK, in September. Both events were very successful. A new major version of FreeBSD, 8.0 is to be released soon. If you are wondering what's new in this long-awaited release, read Ivan Voras' excellent summary.

Thanks to all the reporters for the excellent work! We hope you enjoy the reading.

Please note that the next deadline for submissions covering reports between October and December 2009 is January 15th, 2010.

Google Summer of Code


FreeBSD Team Reports

Network Infrastructure






    Google Summer of Code

    About Google Summer of Code 2009

    FreeBSD GSoC Homepage URL:
    FreeBSD GSoC 2009 Wiki URL:

    Contact: Brooks Davis <>
    Contact: Tim Kientzle <>
    Contact: Robert Watson <>

    2009 was The FreeBSD Project's fifth year of participation in the Google Summer of Code. We had a total of 17 successful projects. Some GSoC code will be shipping with FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE and others will be integrated into future releases.

    The FreeBSD GSoC admin team would like to thank Google and our students and mentors of another great year!

    BSD-licensed iconv (Summer of Code 2009)

    BSDL iconv on FreeBSD wiki URL:

    Contact: Gábor Kövesdán <>

    The code has been extracted from NetBSD and has been transformed into an independent shared library. The basic encodings are well supported. Almost all forward conversions (foo -> UTF-32) are compatible with GNU but the reverse ones are not so accurate because of GNU's advanced transliteration. Some extra encodings have also been added. There are two modules, which segfault; they need some debugging. I can keep working on this project as part of my BSc thesis, so I hope to be able to solve the remaining issues. Improved GNU compatibility is also very desired (extra command line options for iconv(1), iconvctl(), private interfaces, etc.).

    Open tasks:

    1. Fix segfaults in Big5 and HZ modules
    2. Improve transliteration in reverse encodings
    3. Improve GNU compatibility by implementing extra features
    4. Verify POSIX compatibility
    5. Verify GNU compatibility
    6. Check performance

    BSD-licensed text-processing tools (Summer of Code 2008)

    Wiki page for the project URL:

    Contact: Gábor Kövesdán <>

    This project was started as part of Google Summer of Code 2008 but there is still a bit of work to complete some missing parts. The BSD-licensed grep implementation is feature-complete and has a good level of GNU compatibility. Our only current concern about the BSD-licensed version is to improve its performance. The GNU variant is much more complex, has about 8 KSLOC, while BSD grep is tiny, has only 1.5 KSLOC. GNU uses some shortcuts and optimizations to speed-up calls to the regex library; that is why it is significantly faster. My point of view is that such optimizations must be implemented in the regex library, keeping the dependent utilities clean and easy to read. BSD grep is so tiny that there is hardly any optimization opportunity by simplifying the code, so the regex library is the next important TODO. There is another issue with the current regex library. It does not support some invalid regular expressions, which work in GNU. We need to maintain compatibility, so we cannot just drop this feature. Actually, BSD grep is linked to the GNU regex library to maintain this feature but due to the lack of the mentioned shortcuts, it is still slower than GNU. Anyway, if we can live with this little performance hit until we get a modern regex library, I think grep is ready to enter HEAD. As for the regex library, NetBSD's result of the last SoC is worth taking a look.

    The sort utility has been rewritten from scratch. The existing BSD-licensed implementation could not deal with wide characters by design. The new implementation is still lacking some features but is quite complete. There is a performance issue, though. Sorting is a typical algorithmic subject but I am not an algorithmic expert, so my implementation is not completely optimal. Some help would be welcome with this part.

    The bc/dc utilities have been ported from OpenBSD. They pass OpenBSD's and GNU's regression tests but they arrived too late to catch 8.X, so they will go to HEAD after the release.

    Open tasks:

    1. Improve sort's sorting and file merging algorithms
    2. Complete missing features for sort
    3. Get a modern regex library for FreeBSD

    Ext2fs Status report (Summer of Code 2009)

    Wiki Page URL:

    Contact: Aditya Sarawgi <>

    FreeBSD's ext2fs had some parts under GPL. The aim of my project was to rewrite those parts and free ext2fs from GPL. I have been successful in rewriting the parts and NetBSD's ext2fs was a great help in this. Certain critical parts under GPL were also removed due to which the write performance suffered. I also implemented Orlov Block Allocator for ext2fs. Currently I am planning to make ext2fs Multiprocessor Safe (MPSAFE). My work resides in truncs_ext2fs branch of Perforce.

    Open tasks:

    1. Ext4 support for FreeBSD
    2. Directory indexing for ext2fs
    3. Journaling in ext2fs using gjournal

    libnetstat(3) - networking statistics (Summer of Code 2009)

    Wiki page URL:
    Perforce depot URL:

    Contact: Gábor Páli <>

    The libnetstat(3) project provides a user-space library API to monitor networking functions with the following benefits:

    • ABI-robust interface making use of accessor functions in order to divorce monitoring applications from kernel or user ABI changes.
    • Supports running 32-bit monitoring tools on top of a 64-bit kernel.
    • Improved consistency for both kvm(3) and sysctl(3) when retrieving information.

    The supported abstractions are as follows:

    • Active sockets and socket buffers
    • Network interfaces and multicast interfaces
    • mbuf(9) statistics
    • bpf(4) statistics
    • Routing statistics, routing tables, multicast routing
    • Protocol-dependent statistics

    There is a sample application, called nettop(8), which provides a simple ncurses-based top(1)-like interface for monitoring active connections and network buffer allocations via the library. A modified version of netstat(1) has also been created to use libnetstat(3) as much as possible.

    pefs - stacked cryptographic filesystem (Summer of Code 2009)

    Gleb's Blog URL:
    Project page in FreeBSD wiki URL:

    Contact: Gleb Kurtsou <>
    Contact: Stanislav Sedov <>

    Pefs is a kernel level filesystem for transparently encrypting files on top of other filesystems (like zfs or ufs). It adds no extra information into files (unlike others), doesn't require cipher block sized io operations, supports per directory/file keys and key chaining, uses unique per file tweak for encryption. Supported algorithms: AES, Camellia, Salsa20. The code is ready for testing.

    Open tasks:

    1. Implement encrypted name lookup/readir cache
    2. Optimize sparse files handling and file resizing


    BSD# Project

    The BSD# project on Google code URL:
    Mono (Open source .NET Development Framework) URL:

    Contact: Romain Tartičre <>

    The BSD# Project is devoted to porting the Mono .NET framework and applications to the FreeBSD operating system.

    During the past year, the BSD# Team continued to track the Mono development and the lang/mono port have almost always been up-to-date (we however had to skip mono-2.2 because of some regression issues in this release). Most of our patches have been merged in the mono trunk upstream, and should be included in the upcoming mono-2.6 release.

    In the meantime, a few more .NET related ports have been updated or added to the FreeBSD ports tree. These ports include:

    • www/xsp and www/mod_mono that make it possible to use FreeBSD for hosting ASP.NET application;
    • lang/boo, a CLI-targeted programming language similar to Python;
    • lang/mono-basic, the Visual Basic .NET Framework for Mono;
    • devel/monodevelop, an Integrated Development Environment for .NET;
    • and much more...

    Open tasks:

    1. Test mono ports and send feedback (we are especially interested in tests where NOPORTDOCS / WITH_DEBUG is enabled).
    2. Port the mono-debugger to FreeBSD.
    3. Build a debug live-image of FreeBSD so that Mono hackers without a FreeBSD box can help us fixing bugs more efficiently.

    Clang replacing GCC in the base system


    Contact: Ed Schouten <>
    Contact: Roman Divacky <>
    Contact: Brooks Davis <>
    Contact: Pawel Worach <>

    The clang@FreeBSD team presents the status of clang/LLVM being able to compile FreeBSD system. The current status is:

    • i386 - kernel boots, world needs little hacks but works
    • amd64 - kernel boots, world needs little hacks but works
    • ppc - broken because of unknown RTLD bug
    • other - unknown

    All other platforms are untested.

    A lot has happened over the spring/summer: amd64 got proper mcmodel=kernel support, compiler-rt has been introduced (paving the way for libgcc replacement), we have run two experimental port builds to see how clang does there. The C++ support is able to parse without warnings. We have got the kernel working with -O2. FreeBSD has been promoted to be an officially supported plaform in LLVM. As a result of all this work, many parts of FreeBSD that did not compile before now build without problems.

    Open tasks:

    1. The "ClangBSD" branch of FreeBSD got a little stale and has not been updated for a while.
    2. We also need to get some important fixes into LLVM to get libc compiling and some other smaller issues.
    3. We can still appreciate more testers on minor platforms (mostly on ARM, PPC and MIPS, but testing on other platforms is also welcome).

    FreeBSD TDM Framework

    Contact: Rafal Czubak <>
    Contact: Michal Hajduk <>

    This work's purpose is a generic and flexible framework for systems equipped with Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) units, often found on embedded telecom chips. The framework is designed to support various controllers and many types of TDM channels e.g. voiceband, sound and miscellaneous data channels. Currently, voiceband infrastructure is being developed on Marvell RD-88F6281 reference board. It will serve as an example of how to use the TDM framework for other channel types. The direct objective of using TDM with voiceband channels is bringing a FreeBSD based VoIP system, capable of bridging analog telephone world with digital IP telephony. Together with third party VoIP software (e.g. Asterisk), the design can serve as VoIP Private Branch Exchange (PBX).

    Current state highlights:

    • TDM controller interface
    • TDM channel interface
    • TDM channel API for kernel modules
    • codec interface
    • voiceband channel character device driver
    • TDM controller driver for Marvell Kirkwood and Discovery SoCs
    • Si3215 SLIC driver
    • Si3050 DAA driver

    Open tasks:

    1. Develop demo application showing example usage of voiceband channel.
    2. Integrate voiceband infrastructure with Zaptel/DAHDI telephony hardware drivers.

    Grand Central Dispatch - FreeBSD port

    GCD / libdispatch web page URL:

    Contact: Robert Watson <>
    Contact: Stacey Son <>
    Contact: libdispatch mailing list <>

    We have ported libdispatch, Apple's Grand Central Dispatch event and concurrency framework to FreeBSD:

    • Added new kqueue primitives required to support GCD, such as EVFILT_USER and EV_TRIGGER
    • Created autoconf and automake build framework for libdispatch
    • Modified libdispatch to use POSIX semaphores instead of Mach semaphores
    • Adapted libdispatch to use portable POSIX time routines

    Jordan Hubbard has also prepared a blocks-aware clang compiler package for FreeBSD. When compiled with clang, libdispatch provides blocks-based, as well as function-based callbacks.

    The port was presented at the FreeBSD Developer Summit in Cambridge, UK in September, and slides are online on the devsummit wiki page. A FreeBSD port is now available in the Ports Collection. After FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE has shipped, the new kqueue primitives will be MFC'd so that libdispatch works out of the box on FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE.

    Open tasks:

    1. Complete porting of libdispatch test suite to FreeBSD.
    2. Investigate pthread work queue implementation for FreeBSD.
    3. Evaluate performance impact of some machine-dependent and OS-dependent optimizations present in the Mac OS X version of libdispatch to decide if they should be done for other platforms and OS's.
    4. Explore whether FreeBSD base operating system tools would benefit from being modified to use libdispatch.

    libprocstat(3) - process statistics

    libprocstat repository URL:

    Contact: Stanislav Sedov <>
    Contact: Ulf Lilleengen <>

    The libprocstat project is an ongoing effort to develop a library that can be used to retrieve information about running processes and open files in the uniform and platform-independent way both from a running system or from core files. This will facilitate the implementation of file- or process-monitoring applications like lsof(1), fstat(1), fuser, etc. The libprocstat repository contains a preliminary version of the library. It also includes rewrites of the fstat and the fuser utilities ported to use this library instead of retrieving all the required information via the kvm(3) interface; one of the important advantages of the versions that use libprocstat is that these utilities are ABI independent.

    Open tasks:

    1. Implement KVM-based namecache lookup to retrieve filesystem paths associated with file descriptors and VM objects.
    2. Analyze possible ways of exporting file and process information from the kernel in an extensible and ABI-independent way.

    New BSD licensed debugger

    Wiki page URL:
    Repository URL:
    Slides URL:

    Contact: Doug Rabson <>

    I have been working recently on writing a new debugger, primarily for the FreeBSD platform. For various reasons, I have been writing it in a relatively obscure C-like language called D.

    So far, I have a pretty useful (if a little raw at the edges) command line debugger which supports ELF, Dwarf debugging information and (currently) 32 bit FreeBSD and Linux. The engine includes parsing and evaluation of arbitrary C expressions along with the usual debugging tools such as breakpoints, source code listing, single-step etc. All the code is new and BSD licensed. Currently, the thing supports userland debugging of i386 targets via ptrace and post-mortem core file debugging of the same. I will be adding amd64 support real soon (TM) and maybe support for GDB's remote debugging protocol later.

    NFSv4 ACLs


    Contact: Edward Tomasz Napierala <>

    During Google Summer of Code 2008, I have implemented native support for NFSv4 ACLs for both ZFS and UFS. Most of the code has already been merged to CURRENT. NFSv4 ACLs are unconditionally enabled in ZFS and the usual tools, like getfacl(1) and setfacl(1) can be used to view and change them. I plan to merge the remaining bits (UFS support) this month. It should be possible to MFC it in order to ship in FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE.

    Open tasks:

    1. UFS changes review
    2. Support for NFSv4 ACLs in tar(1)

    The Newcons project

    Wiki page URL:
    Patchset URL:

    Contact: Ed Schouten <>

    Some time ago I started writing a new driver for the FreeBSD kernel called vt(4), which is basically a replacement of syscons. There is still a lot of work that needs to be done but it is probably useful to mention what it does (and what does not).

    Right now there are just two graphics drivers for vt(4), namely a VGA driver for i386 and amd64 and a Microsoft Xbox graphics driver (because it was so easy to implement). I still have to figure out what I am going to do with VESA, because maybe it is better to just ignore VESA and figure out how hard it is to extend DRM to interact with vt(4).

    Some random features: it already supports both Unicode (UTF-8) input and output, it is MPSAFE and supports per-window graphical fonts of variable dimensions, containing an almost infinite amount of glyphs (both bold and regular).

    Open tasks:

    1. Research needs to be done on DRM's codebase.
    2. Syscons should already be migrated to TERM=xterm to make switching between drivers a bit easier.

    VirtualBox on FreeBSD


    Contact: Beat Gaetzi <>
    Contact: Bernhard Froehlich <>
    Contact: Dennis Herrmann <>
    Contact: Juergen Lock <>
    Contact: Martin Wilke <>

    VirtualBox has been committed to the Ports tree and synchronized with the latest trunk version from Sun. Several known problems are already fixed and some new features have been added:

    • VT-x support
    • Bridging support (Big Thanks to Fredrik Lindberg)
    • Host Serial Support
    • ACPI Support
    • Host DVD/CD access
    • SMP Support

    We would like to say thanks to all the people who helped us by reporting bugs and submitting fixes. We also thank the VirtualBox developers for their help with the ongoing effort to port VirtualBox on FreeBSD.

    FreeBSD Team Reports

    FreeBSD Bugbusting Team


    Contact: Gavin Atkinson <>
    Contact: Mark Linimon <>
    Contact: Remko Lodder <>
    Contact: Volker Werth <>

    We continue to classify PRs as they arrive, adding 'tags' to the subject lines corresponding to the kernel subsystem involved, or man page references for userland PRs. These tags, in turn, produce lists of PRs sorted both by tag and by manpage.

    The list of PRs recommended for committer evaluation by the Bugbusting Team continues to receive new additions. This list contains PRs, mostly with patches, that the Bugbusting Team feel are probably ready to be committed as-is, or are probably trivially resolved in the hands of a committer with knowledge of the particular subsystem. All committers are invited to take a look at this list whenever they have a spare 5 minutes and wish to close a PR.

    A full list of all the automatically generated reports is also available at one of the cited URLs. Any recommendations for reports which not currently exist but which would be beneficial are welcomed.

    Gavin Atkinson gave a presentation on "The PR Collection Status" at the EuroBSDCon 2009 DevSummit, and discussed with other participants several other ideas to make the PR database more useful and usable. Several good ideas came from this, and will hopefully lead to more useful tools in the near future. Discussions also took place on how it may be possible to automatically classify non-ports PRs with a view towards notifying interested parties, although investigations into this have not yet begun.

    Mark Linimon also continues attempting to define the general problem and investigating possible new workflow models, and presented work on this at BSDCan 2009.

    Since the last status report, the number of open bugs has increased to around the 5900 mark, partially because of an increased focus on getting more information into the existing PRs, in an attempt to make sure all the information required is now available. As a result, although the number of open PRs has increased, they are hopefully of better quality.

    As always, more help is appreciated, and committers and non-committers alike are always invited to join us on #freebsd-bugbusters on EFnet and help close stale PRs or commit patches from valid PRs.

    Open tasks:

    1. Work on suggestions from developers who were at the EuroBSDCon DevSummit.
    2. Try to find ways to get more committers helping us with closing the PRs that the team has already analyzed.

    FreeBSD KDE Team


    Contact: Thomas Abthorpe <>
    Contact: Max Brazhnikov <>
    Contact: Martin Wilke <>

    Since the spring, the FreeBSD KDE team has been busy upgrading KDE from 4.2.0 up through to 4.3.1. As part of the ongoing maintenance of KDE, the team also updated Qt4 from 4.4.3 through to 4.5.2

    We added two new committers/maintainers to the team, Kris Moore (kmoore@) and Dima Panov (fluffy@). We also granted enhanced area51 access to contributors Alberto Villa and Raphael Kubo da Costa. Alberto has been our key contributor updating and testing Qt 4.6.0-tp1. Raphael is a KDE developer, who has become our Gitorious liaison, he has been responsible for getting FreeBSD Qt patches merged in upstream.

    Markus Brüffer (markus@) spent a lot of time patching widgets and system plugins so they would work under FreeBSD. We would like to thank him for all his effort!

    Open tasks:

    1. Update to Qt 4.6.0
    2. Update to KDE 4.4.0
    3. Work with our userbase on fixing an EOL for KDE3 in the ports tree

    FreeBSD Ports Management Team

    The FreeBSD Ports Collection URL:
    Contributing to the FreeBSD Ports Collection URL:
    The FreeBSD ports monitoring system URL:
    The FreeBSD Ports Management Team URL:
    marcuscom Tinderbox URL:

    Contact: Mark Linimon <>

    The ports count has soared to over 20,700. The PR count had been driven below 800 by some extraordinary effort, but once again is back to its usual count of around 900.

    We are currently building packages for amd64-6, amd64-7, amd64-8, i386-6, i386-7, i386-8, sparc64-7, and sparc64-8. There have been preliminary runs of i386-9; however, to be able to continue builds on -9, we will either need to find places to host a number of new machines, or drop package building for -6. The mailing list discussion of the latter proved quite controversial.

    We have added some new i386 machines to help speed up the builds, but this only makes up for the disk failures on some of our older, slower, i386 nodes.

    We also appreciate the loan of more package build machines from several committers, including pgollucci@, gahr@, erwin@, Boris Kochergin, and Craig Butler.

    The portmgr@ team has also welcomed new members Ion-Mihai Tetcu (itetcu@) and Martin Wilke (miwi@). We also thank departing member Kirill Ponomarew (krion@) for his long service.

    Ion-Mihai has spent much time working on a system that does automatic Quality Assurance on new commits, called QAT. A second tinderbox called QATty has helped us to fix many problems, especially those involving custom PREFIX and LOCALBASE settings, and documentation inclusion options. Ports conformance to documented features / non-default configuration will follow.

    Between pav and miwi, over 2 dozen experimental ports runs have been completed and committed.

    We have added 5 new committers since the last report, and 2 older ones have rejoined.

    Open tasks:

    1. We are currently trying to set up ports tinderboxes that can be made available to committers for pre-testing; those who can loan machines for this should contact Ion-Mihai (itetcu@) with details regarding the hardware and bandwidth.
    2. Most of the remaining ports PRs are "existing port/PR assigned to committer". Although the maintainer-timeout policy is helping to keep the backlog down, we are going to need to do more to get the ports in the shape they really need to be in.
    3. Although we have added many maintainers, we still have almost 4,700 unmaintained ports (see, for instance, the list on portsmon). (The percentage is down to 22%.) We are always looking for dedicated volunteers to adopt at least a few unmaintained ports. As well, the packages on amd64 and sparc64 lag behind i386, and we need more testers for those.

    Release Engineering Status Report


    Contact: Release Engineering Team <>

    The Release Engineering Team continues to work on FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE. Public testing has turned up quite a few problems, many related to the low-level network (routing/ARP table) changes and their interactions with IPv6.

    Progress continues to be made on fixing up the issues that have been identified during the public testing. At this point in time we are shooting for two more public test builds (RC2 and RC3) followed by the release late October or early November.

    The FreeBSD Foundation Status Report


    Contact: Deb Goodkin <>

    Kicking off our fall fund-raising campaign! Find out more at

    We were a sponsor for EuroBSDCon 2009, and provided travel grants to 8 FreeBSD developers and users. We sponsored Kyiv BSD 2009, in Kiev Ukraine. We were also a sponsor of BSDCan, and sponsored 7 developers. We funded three new projects, New Console Driver by Ed Schouten, AVR32 Support by Arnar Mar Sig, and Wireless Mesh Support by Rui Paulo, which has completed. We continued funding a project that is making improvements to the FreeBSD TCP Stack by Lawrence Stewart. The project that made removing disk devices with mounted filesystems on them safe, by Edward Napierala, is now complete.

    We recognized the following FreeBSD developers at EuroBSDCon 2009: Poul-Henning Kamp, Bjoern Zeeb, and Simon Nielsen. These developers received limited edition FreeBSD Foundation vests.

    Follow us on Twitter now!

    Network Infrastructure

    Enhancing the FreeBSD TCP Implementation


    Contact: Lawrence Stewart <>

    TCP appropriate byte counting (RFC 3465) support has been merged into the FreeBSD 8 branch and will ship in FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE.

    The reassembly queue auto-tuning and SIFTR work was not ready in time to safely integrate for 8.0-RELEASE. Padding has been added to necessary TCP structs to facilitate MFCing features back to the 8-STABLE branch after 8.0 is released.

    Candidate patches against FreeBSD-CURRENT will be ready for wider testing in the coming weeks. The freebsd-net mailing list will be solicited for testing/feedback when everything is ready.

    Open tasks:

    1. Solicit review/testing and integrate the ALQ kld and variable length message support patch into FreeBSD-CURRENT.
    2. Solicit review/testing and integrate the SIFTR tool into FreeBSD-CURRENT.
    3. Complete dynamic reassembly queue auto-tuning patch for FreeBSD-CURRENT.
    4. Fix an identified bug in the SACK implementation's fast retransmit/fast recovery behavior.
    5. Profit!

    Modular Congestion Control


    Contact: Lawrence Stewart <>

    The patch has received some significant rototilling in the past few months to prepare it for merging to FreeBSD-CURRENT. Additionally, I completed an implementation of the CUBIC congestion control algorithm to complement the existing NewReno and H-TCP algorithm implementations already available.

    I have one further intrusive change to make, which will allow congestion control modules to be shared between the TCP and SCTP stacks. Once this is complete, I will be soliciting for review/testing in the hope of committing the patch to FreeBSD-CURRENT in time to be able to backport it for 8.1-RELEASE.

    Open tasks:

    1. Abstract the congestion control specific variables out of the TCP and SCTP control blocks into a new struct that can be passed into the API instead of the control block itself.

    Network Stack Virtualization

    Wiki VImage overview page (incl. TODO). URL:
    FreeBSD Developer Summit, 2009, Cambridge, UK. URL:

    Contact: Bjoern A. Zeeb <bz@FreeBSD.ORG>
    Contact: Marko Zec <zec@FreeBSD.ORG>
    Contact: Robert Watson <rwatson@FreeBSD.ORG>

    The network stack virtualization project aims at extending the FreeBSD kernel to maintain multiple independent instances of networking state. This allows for networking independence between jail environment, each maintaining its private network interfaces, IPv4 and IPv6 network and port address space, routing tables, IPSec configuration, firewalls, and more.

    During the last months the remaining pieces of the VIMAGE work were merged by Marko, Julian and Bjoern. Robert Watson developed a vnet allocator to overcome ABI issues. Jamie Gritton merged his hierarchical jail framework that now also is the management interface for virtual network stacks.

    During the FreeBSD Developer Summit that took place at EuroBSDCon 2009 in Cambridge, UK, people virtualized more code. As a result SCTP and another accept filter were virtualized and more people became familiar with the design of VImage and the underlying concepts. Finally getting more hands involved was a crucial first step for the long term success of kernel virtualization.

    The next steps will be to finish the network stack virtualization, generalize the allocator framework before thinking of virtualizing further subsystems and to update the related documentation. Along with that a proper jail management framework will be worked on. Long term goals, amongst others, will be to virtualize more subsystems like SYS-V IPC, better privilege handling, and resource limits.

    In the upcoming FreeBSD 8.0 Release, vnets are treated as an experimental feature. As a result, they are not yet recommended for use in production environments. There was lots of time spent to finalize the infrastructure for vnets though, so that further changes can be merged and we are aiming to have things production ready for 8.2.

    In case you want to help to achieve this goal, feel free to contact us and support or help virtualizing outstanding parts like two firewalls, appletalk, netipx, ... as well as generating regression tests.

    Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

    Contact: Randall Stewart <rrs@FreeBSD>

    SCTP continues to have minor fixes added to it as well as some new features. First and foremost, we now have VIMAGE and SCTP working and playing together. This goal was accomplished with the help of bz@, my new mentee tuexen@ and myself working together at the FreeBSD DevSummit in Cambridge, UK. Also the non-renegable SACK feature contributed by the university of Delaware was fixed so that now its safe to turn on (its sysctl). If you are using SCTP with CMT (Conncurrent Multipath Transfer) you will want to enable this option (CMT is also a sysctl). With CMT enabled you will be able to send data to all the destinations of an SCTP peer.

    We welcomed a new mentee (soon to be a commiter) to FreeBSD. Michael Tuexen is now a mentee of rrs@. Michael has been contributing to the SCTP work for quite some time and also moonlights as a Professor at the University of Muenster in Germany (when not doing SCTP coding).



    Contact: Pawel Dawidek <>

    We believe that the ZFS file system is now production-ready in FreeBSD 8.0. Most (if not all) reported bugs were fixed and ZFS is no longer tagged as experimental. There is also ongoing work in Perforce to bring the latest ZFS version (v19) to FreeBSD.

    Open tasks:

    1. Download 8.0 release candidates and test, test, test and report any problems to the mailing list.

    hwpmc for MIPS

    Main FreeBSD MIPS Page URL:
    Sub page for the board I am using. URL:

    Contact: George Neville-Neil <>

    Currently working on board bringup. I have looked over the docs for how MIPS provides performance counters and will begin adding code soon.


    The FreeBSD Dutch Documentation Project

    Current status of the Dutch translation URL:

    Contact: René Ladan <>
    Contact: Remko Lodder <>

    The current translations (Handbook and some articles) are kept up to date with the English versions. Some parts of the website have been translated, more work is in progress.

    Open tasks:

    1. Find more volunteers for translating the remaining parts of the website and the FAQ.

    The FreeBSD German Documentation Project


    Contact: Johann Kois <>
    Contact: Benedict Reuschling <>
    Contact: Martin Wilke <>

    In May 2009, Benedict Reuschling received his commit bit to the www/de and doc/de_DE.ISO8859-1 trees under the mentorship of Johann Kois. Since then, he has been working primarily on the Handbook, updating existing chapters and translating new ones. Most notably, the filesystems and DTrace chapters have been recently translated. Bugs found in the original documents along the way were reported back so that the other translation teams could incorporate them, as well.

    Christoph Sold has put his time in translating the wiki pages of the BSD Certification Group into the German language. This is very helpful for all German people who want to take the exam and like to read the information about it in their native language. Daniel Seuffert has sent valuable corrections and bugfixes. Thanks to both of them for their time and efforts!

    The website is translated and updated constantly. Missing parts will be translated as time permits.

    We appreciate any help from volunteers in proofreading documents, translating new ones and keeping them up to date. Even small error reports are of great help for us. You can find contact information at the above URL.

    Open tasks:

    1. Update the existing documentation set (especially the Handbook).
    2. Translate more articles to German.
    3. Read the translations. Check for problems and mistakes. Send feedback.

    The FreeBSD Hungarian Documentation Project

    Hungarian Web Page for FreeBSD URL:
    Hungarian Documentation for FreeBSD URL:
    The FreeBSD Hungarian Documentation Project's Wiki Page URL:
    Perforce Depot for the FreeBSD Hungarian Documentation Project URL:

    Contact: Gábor Kövesdán <>
    Contact: Gábor Páli <>

    In the last months, we have not added new translations, although we have been working on the existing ones to have them updated. We need more translators and volunteers to keep the amount of the translated documentation growing, so feel free to contribute. Every line of submission or feedback is appreciated and highly welcome.

    If you want to join our work, please read the introduction to the project as well as the FDP Primer (both of them are available in Hungarian).

    Open tasks:

    1. Translate news entries, press releases
    2. Translate Release Notes for -CURRENT and 8.X
    3. Translate articles
    4. Translate web pages
    5. Read the translations, send feedback

    The FreeBSD Spanish Documentation Project

    Spanish Web Page for FreeBSD URL:
    Spanish Documentation for FreeBSD URL:
    Introduction to the FreeBSD Spanish Documentation Project URL:

    Contact: José Vicente Carrasco Vayá <>
    Contact: Gábor Kövesdán <>

    Recently, we have added one new article translation. The existing translations have not been updated, though. We need more human resources to keep up with the work and keep the translations up-to-date.

    Open tasks:

    1. Update the Handbook translation
    2. Update the web page translation




    Contact: Marius Strobl <>

    Noteworthy developments regarding FreeBSD/sparc64 since the last Status Reports are:

    • Cas(4), a driver for Sun Cassini/Cassini+, as well as National Semiconductor DP83065 Saturn Gigabit NICs has been committed and thus will be part of FreeBSD beginning with 8.0-RELEASE and 7.3-RELEASE, respectively. This means that the on-board NICs found in Fire V440, as well as the add-on cards based on these chips, are now supported, including on non-sparc64 machines. Unfortunately, the cas(4) driver triggers what seem to be secondary problems with the on-board NICs found in B100 blades and Fire V480, which due to lack of access to such systems could not be fixed so far.
    • Initial support for sun4u machines based on the "Fire" Host-PCI-Express bridge like Fire V215, V245, etc. has been completed (including support for the on-board ATA controller, which caused several problems at first, and MSI/MSI-X). Some code like the quirk handling for the ALi/ULi chips found in these machines needs to be revisited though and no stability tests have been conducted so far. If all goes well, the code will hit HEAD some time after FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE has been released. In theory, machines based on the "Oberon" Host-PCI-Express bridge, at least for the most part, should also be supported with these changes, but due to lack of access to a Mx000 series machine the code could not be tested with these so far.
    • Some bugs in the snd_t4dwave(4) driver have been fixed, as well as some special handling for sparc64 has been added so it does 32-bit DMA and now generally works with the on-board ALi M5451 found for example in Blade 100 and Blade 1500. Unfortunately, it was only tested to work correctly in two out of three Blade 100. Why it still does not work correctly in the remaining one is currently unknown but at least no longer causes IOMMU-panics so testing snd_t4dwave(4) on sparc64 is no longer harmful. These changes will be part of FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE and 7.3-RELEASE.
    • Ata-marvell(4) has been fixed to work on sparc64 (actually also on anything that is not x86 with less than 4GB of RAM). These fixes will be part of FreeBSD 8.0-RELEASE and 7.3-RELEASE.
    • A proper and machine-independent fix for the old problem that the loader leaves the NIC opened by the firmware, which could lead to panics during boot when netbooting, has been developed but not committed yet.

    Open tasks:


      FreeBSD Gecko Project

      Gecko TODO URL:

      Contact: Beat Gaetzi <>
      Contact: Martin Wilke <>
      Contact: Andreas Tobler <>

      Andreas Tobler made the classic mistake of sending us a lot of powerpc and sparc64 related patches. The usual punishment, of giving him a commit bit to the Gecko repository, has been applied.

      We currently have some old ports in the ports tree:

      • www/mozilla is 5 year old now, no longer supported upstream, and has a lot of security vulnerabilities. We can use www/seamonkey instead.
      • www/xulrunner is superseded by www/libxul.

      A patch that includes the following changes has been tested on pointyhat and is ready for commit:

      • Remove references to www/mozilla/Makefile.common and www/mozilla/
      • Switch USE_GECKO= xulrunner firefox mozilla to USE_GECKO= libxul and remove www/xulrunner

      We are also working on Firefox 3.6 (Alpha 2), Thunderbird 3.0 (Beta 4), new libxul and Seamonkey 2.0 (Beta 2) ports. All of them are already committed to our Gecko repository.

      A current status and todo list can be found at

      Open tasks:

      1. Remove mozilla, xulrunner and firefox2 from the ports tree.
      2. The www/firefox35 port should be moved to www/firefox.
      3. The old (and somewhat stale) Gecko providers mozilla, nvu, xulrunner, flock and firefox also need to be removed.

      Portmaster - utility to assist users with managing ports


      Contact: Doug Barton <>

      I am currently seeking funding for further development work on portmaster. There are several features that are regularly requested by the community (such as support for installing packages) that I would very much like to implement but that will take more time than I can reasonably volunteer to implement correctly. There is information about the funding proposal available at the link above.

      Meanwhile I have recently completed another round of bug fixes and feature enhancements. The often-requested ability to specify the -x (exclude) option more than once on the command line was added in version 2.12. Also in that version I added the --list-origins option to make it easier to reinstall ports after a major version upgrade, or install the same set of ports on another system.

      Open tasks:

      1. See the funding proposal.

      Valgrind suite on FreeBSD

      Valgrind Wiki page URL:

      Contact: Stanislav Sedov <>

      The Valgrind suite in the FreeBSD ports collection has been updated to version 3.5.0 (the latest available version). Most of the issues of the previous version should be resolved now: we expect memcheck, callgrind and cachegrind to be fully functional on both i386 and amd64 platforms as well as for i386 binaries running on amd64 system. DRD/hellgrind should work too, though they generate a lot of false-positives for now, so their output is a bit messy.

      Open tasks:

      1. Port exp-ptrcheck valgrind tool and fix outstanding issues that show up in memcheck/helgrind/DRD in the Valgrind regression tests suite.
      2. More testing (please, help).
      3. Integrate our patches upstream.


      EuroBSDcon 2009

      2009 URL:
      2010 URL:

      Contact: Sam Smith <>
      Contact: Robert Watson <>

      EuroBSDcon 2009 happened in Cambridge, with over 160 users, developers, friends and others. Slides, papers and audio are now up on the website for those who could not make it to Cambridge. Next year's event in 2010 will take place in Karlsruhe from 8 to 10 October 2010. If you are interested in what you missed in 2009, or to join the mailing list so you do not miss out next year, visit

      FreeBSD Developer Summit, Cambridge UK


      Contact: Robert Watson <>

      Around 70 FreeBSD developers and guests attended the FreeBSD developer summit prior to EuroBSDCon 2009 in Cambridge, UK. Hosted at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory, the workshop-style event consisted of prepared presentations, as well as group hacking and discussion sessions. Talks covered topics including 802.11 mesh networking, virtual network stacks and kernels, a new BSD-licensed debugger, benchmarking, bugbusting, NetFPGA, a port of Apple's GCD (Grand Central Dispatch) to FreeBSD, security policy work, cryptographic signatures, system administration, time geeks, a new console driver, and the FreeBSD subversion migration. Slides for many talks are now available on the wiki page. A good time was had by all, including a punting outing on the River Cam!

      New approach to the locale database

      Documentation on FreeBSD wiki URL:
      Code URL: svn://

      Contact: Edwin Groothuis <>
      Contact: i18n mailinglist <>

      Problem: Over the years the FreeBSD locale database (share/colldef, share/monetdef, share/msgdef, share/numericdef, share/timedef) has accumulated a total of 165 definitions (language - country-code - character-set triplets). The contents of the files for Western European languages are often low-ASCII but for Eastern European and Asian languages partly or fully high-ASCII. Without knowing how to display or interpret the character-sets, it is difficult to make sure by the general audience that the local language (language - country-code) definitions are displayed properly in various character-sets.

      Suggested approach: With the combination of the data in the Unicode project (whose goal is to define all the possible written characters and symbols on this planet) and the Common Locale Data Repository (whose goal is to document all the different data and definitions needed for the locale database), we can easily keep track of the data, without the need of being able to display the data in the required character sets or understand them fully when updates are submitted by third parties.

      Current status: Conversion of share/monetdef, share/msgdef, share/numericdef, share/timedef to the new design is completed. The Makefile infrastructure is converted. Regression checks are done. Most of the tools are in place, waiting on the import of bsdiconv to the base system.

      Open tasks:

      1. At this moment the system is not self-hosted yet, because of the lack of an iconv-kind of program in the base operating system. Gabor@ is working on bsdiconv as a GSoC project and once that has been imported we will be able to perform a clean install from the definitions in Unicode text format to the required formats and character sets.

      The FreeBSD Forums


      Contact: FreeBSD Forums Admins <>
      Contact: FreeBSD Forums Moderators <>

      Since their public launch in November 2008, the FreeBSD Forums (the most recent addition to the user community and support channels for the FreeBSD Operating System) have witnessed a healthy and steady growth.

      The user population is now at over 8,000 registered users, who have participated in over 6,000 topics, containing over 40,000 posts in total. The sign-up rate hovers between 50-100 each week. The total number of visitors (including 'guests') is hard to gauge but is likely to be a substantial multiple of the registered userbase.

      New topics and posts are actively 'pushed out' to search engines. This in turn makes the Forums show up in search results more and more often, making it a valuable and very accessible source of information for the FreeBSD community.

      One of the contributing factors to the Forums' success is their 'BSD-style' approach when it comes to administration and moderation. The Forums have a strong and unified identity, they are neatly divided into sub-forums (like 'Networking', 'Installing & Upgrading', etc.), very actively moderated, spam-free, and with a core group of very active and helpful members, dispensing many combined decades' worth of knowledge to starting, intermediate and professional users of FreeBSD.

      We expect the Forums to be, and to remain, a central hub in FreeBSD's community and support efforts.

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