FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE Errata
The FreeBSD Project
Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 by The FreeBSD Documentation Project
2003/10/06 04:21:21 bmah Exp $
This document lists errata items for FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE, containing significant information discovered after the release or too late in the release cycle to be otherwise included in the release documentation. This information includes security advisories, as well as news relating to the software or documentation that could affect its operation or usability. An up-to-date version of this document should always be consulted before installing this version of FreeBSD.
This errata document for FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE will be maintained until the release of FreeBSD 4.9-RELEASE.
This errata document contains ``late-breaking news'' about FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE. Before installing this version, it is important to consult this document to learn about any post-release discoveries or problems that may already have been found and fixed.
Any version of this errata document actually distributed with the release (for example, on a CDROM distribution) will be out of date by definition, but other copies are kept updated on the Internet and should be consulted as the ``current errata'' for this release. These other copies of the errata are located at http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/, plus any sites which keep up-to-date mirrors of this location.
Source and binary snapshots of FreeBSD 4-STABLE also contain up-to-date copies of this document (as of the time of the snapshot).
A buffer overflow in header parsing exists in older versions of sendmail. It could allow a remote attacker to create a specially-crafted message that may cause sendmail(8) to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user running it, typically root. More information, including pointers to patches, can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:07. This problem was corrected for FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE with a vendor patch and was corrected for FreeBSD 4.9-RC with the import of a new version of sendmail. However, these changes may not otherwise have been noted in the release documentation.
The implementation of the realpath(3) function contains a single-byte buffer overflow bug. This may have various impacts, depending on the application using realpath(3) and other factors. This bug has been fixed on the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch and the 4-STABLE development branch. For more information, see security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:08.
The kernel contains a bug that could allow it to attempt delivery of invalid signals, leading to a kernel panic. This bug has been fixed on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. For more information, see security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:09.
A bug in the iBCS2 emulation module could result in disclosing the contents of kernel memory. (Note that this module is not enabled in FreeBSD by default.) This bug has been fixed on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:10.
A programming error in the sendmail implementation of its ``DNS maps'' feature could lead to a sendmail(8) child process crashing or behaving incorrectly. This error has been fixed with a patch on the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch and with the import of a new version of sendmail on the 4-STABLE development branch. (Note that the DNS maps feature is not used by the default configuration files shipped with FreeBSD.) More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:11.
OpenSSH contains a bug in its buffer management code that could potentially cause it to crash. This bug has been fixed via a vendor-supplied patch on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. For more details, refer to security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:12.
sendmail contains a remotely-exploitable buffer overflow. This bug has been fixed via a vendor-supplied patch on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. More details can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:13.
The FreeBSD ARP code contains a bug that could allow the kernel to cause resource starvation which eventually results in a system panic. This bug has been fixed on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:14.
Several bugs in the OpenSSH PAM authentication code could have impacts ranging from incorrect authentication to a stack corruption. These have been corrected via vendor-supplied patches; details can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:15.
The implementation of the readv(2) system call contains a bug which could potentially cause a system crash or privilege escalation. This bug has been fixed on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:16.
The implementation of the procfs(5) and the linprocfs(5) contain a bug that could result in disclosing the contents of kernel memory. This bug has been fixed on the 4-STABLE development branch and the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:17.
OpenSSL contains several bugs which could allow a remote attacker to crash an OpenSSL-using application or to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the application. These bugs have been fixed with the import of a new version of OpenSSL on the 4-STABLE development branch and with a vendor-supplied patch on the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch. Note that only applications that use OpenSSL's ASN.1 or X.509 handling code are affected (OpenSSH is unaffected, for example). More information can be found in security advisory FreeBSD-SA-03:18.
Due to some problems discovered very late in the release cycle, the ISO images and FTP install directories for FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE/i386 needed to be re-generated and re-uploaded to the FTP mirror sites. For reference, the final ISO images have checksums computed via md5(1) as follows:
MD5 (4.8-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso) = c4e34b6a6be5cd1977ca206bf821c7fc MD5 (4.8-RELEASE-i386-disc2.iso) = 93b09f97c01deead302557d7d24f87cb MD5 (4.8-RELEASE-i386-mini.iso) = 5f0d2576dbb56d6ec85d49ac9fa4bbf9
Some parts of the documentation may incorrectly give the release date of FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE as March 2003, rather than April 2003.
FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE restores the ability to install from the installation media to a mly(4) device. (This capability was broken in FreeBSD 4.7-RELEASE.)
After installing GNOME, the default terminal font might be garbled. If this is the case, install the x11-fonts/bitstream-vera port, then restart GNOME. The new fonts should take effect automatically. If they do not, edit the current gnome-terminal profile and select the Bitstream Vera Sans Mono font.
Due to space limitations, the awi(4) driver has been removed from the kernel used on the 1.44MB kern.flp i386 boot floppy. Because no module is available for this driver in FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE, this means that it is generally not possible to install FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE over an awi(4) network.
Due to space limitations, support for ATAPI floppy disks and the DEC AlphaServer 8200 and 8400 (``TurboLaser'') machines has been removed from the kernel used on the 1.44MB kern.flp alpha boot floppy.
A bug in the FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE kernel prevents it from booting on an Intel 80386 processor. This problem has been corrected on both the 4.8-RELEASE security fix branch and the 4-STABLE development branch.
FreeBSD supports a hashed form of the login capabilities database, stored in /etc/login.conf.db. This is generated from the /etc/login.conf text file. If the hashed database is present, login(1) will use it in preference to the contents of the text file. FreeBSD 4.8-RELEASE is the first release that actually includes /etc/login.conf.db on the distribution media; thus, users modifying /etc/login.conf need to remember to regenerate the database, using cap_mkdb(1). Users performing source upgrades are generally not affected by this change, because mergemaster(8) offers the option to regenerate /etc/login.conf.db during upgrades. login.conf(5) has more details on the format and usage of the login capabilities database.
A file that is a part of the multimedia/gstreamer-plugins port may appear to have a corrupted filename when the ports collection is installed using sysinstall(8). This should not affect building the port or installing the corresponding package. However, it is recommended to rename the file in question, to prevent problems during any future updates to the installed ports collection:
# cd /usr/ports/multimedia/gstreamer-plugins/files # mv patch-gst-libs_ext_ffmpeg_ffmpeg_libavcodec_alpha_simple_i \ patch-gst-libs_ext_ffmpeg_ffmpeg_libavcodec_alpha_simple_idct_alpha.c
Recently the mailing lists were changed from majordomo to the currently used Mailman list server. More information about using the new mailing lists can be found by visiting the FreeBSD Mailman Info Page.
The dc(4) driver does not properly transmit data through Davicom DC9102 cards. This problem, which has been present since FreeBSD 4.5-RELEASE, has been corrected for FreeBSD 4.9-RC.
This file, and other release-related documents, can be downloaded from http://snapshots.jp.FreeBSD.org/.
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For questions about this documentation, e-mail <doc@FreeBSD.org>.