FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE README
This document gives a brief introduction to FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE. It includes some information on how to obtain FreeBSD, a listing of various ways to contact the FreeBSD Project, and pointers to some other sources of information.
Table of Contents
This distribution is a release of FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE, the latest point along the 13-STABLE branch.
FreeBSD is an open source operating system derived from 4.4 BSD Lite2 for 64-bit x86-based PC hardware (amd64), 32-bit x86-based PC hardware (i386), 64-bit Arm® ARMv8-A AArch64 systems (aarch64), 32-bit Arm® ARMv6/7 systems (armv6/7), PowerPC® systems (powerpc, powerpc64), RISC-V (riscv64) systems, and MIPS® systems (mips, mips64). FreeBSD works with a wide variety of peripherals and configurations and can be used for everything from software development to games to Internet Service Provision.
This release of FreeBSD contains everything you need to run such a system, including full source code for the kernel and all utilities in the base distribution. With the source distribution installed, you can literally recompile the entire system from scratch with one command, making it ideal for students, researchers, or users who simply want to see how it all works.
A large collection of third-party ported software (the Ports Collection) is also provided to make it easy to obtain and install all your favorite traditional UNIX® utilities for FreeBSD. Each port consists of a set of scripts to retrieve, configure, build, and install a piece of software, with a single command. Over 36000 ports, from editors to programming languages to graphical applications, make FreeBSD a powerful and comprehensive operating environment that extends far beyond what’s provided by many commercial versions of UNIX®. Most ports are also available as pre-compiled packages, which can be quickly installed via the pkg(8) utility.
This release of FreeBSD is suitable for all users. It has undergone a period of testing and quality assurance checking to ensure the highest reliability and dependability.
FreeBSD may be obtained in a variety of ways. The most convenient way is to download a release image. Links to images for recent releases can be found on the FreeBSD Web site’s download page. This page includes information about the different types of images available as well as other ways to obtain a copy of FreeBSD.
Contacting the FreeBSD Project
Email and Mailing Lists
For any questions or general technical support issues, please send mail to the FreeBSD general questions mailing list.
If you’re tracking the 13-STABLE development efforts, you must join the FreeBSD-STABLE mailing list, in order to keep abreast of recent developments and changes that may affect the way you use and maintain the system.
Being a largely-volunteer effort, the FreeBSD Project is always happy to have extra hands willing to help-there are already far more desired enhancements than there is time to implement them. To contact the developers on technical matters, or with offers of help, please send mail to the FreeBSD technical discussions mailing list.
Please note that these mailing lists can experience significant amounts of traffic. If you have slow or expensive mail access, or are only interested in keeping up with major FreeBSD events, you may find it preferable to subscribe instead to the FreeBSD announcements mailing list.
All of the mailing lists can be freely joined by anyone wishing to do so. Visit the FreeBSD Mailman Info Page. This will give you more information on joining the various lists, accessing archives, etc. There are a number of mailing lists targeted at special interest groups not mentioned here; more information can be obtained either from the Mailman pages or the mailing lists section of the FreeBSD Web site.
Do not send email to the lists asking to be subscribed. Use the Mailman interface instead.
Submitting Problem Reports
Suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always valued. Please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find. Bug reports with attached fixes are of course even more welcome.
The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with Internet connectivity is to use the Bugzilla bug tracker. Problem Reports (PRs) submitted in this way will be filed and their progress tracked; the FreeBSD developers will do their best to respond to all reported bugs as soon as possible. A list of all active PRs is available on the FreeBSD Web site; this list is useful to see what potential problems other users have encountered.
For more information, "Writing FreeBSD Problem Reports", available on the FreeBSD Web site, has a number of helpful hints on writing and submitting effective problem reports.
There are many sources of information about FreeBSD; some are included with this distribution, while others are available on-line or in print versions.
A number of other files provide more specific information about
this release distribution. These files are provided in various
formats. Most distributions will include both ASCII text
.TXT) and HTML (
.HTM) renditions. Some distributions may also
include other formats such as Portable Document Format
README.TXT: This file, which gives some general information about FreeBSD as well as some cursory notes about obtaining a distribution.
RELNOTES.TXT: The release notes, showing what’s new and different in FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE compared to the previous release (FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE).
HARDWARE.TXT: The hardware compatibility list, showing devices with which FreeBSD has been tested and is known to work.
ERRATA.TXT: Release errata. Late-breaking, post-release information can be found in this file, which is principally applicable to releases (as opposed to snapshots). It is important to consult this file before installing a release of FreeBSD, as it contains the latest information on problems which have been found and fixed since the release was created.
During installation, these documents are available via the Documentation menu. Once the system is installed, you can revisit this menu by re-running the bsdinstall(8) utility.
To learn about any late-breaking news or post-release problems, it is extremely important to read the errata for any given release before installing it. The errata file accompanying each release (most likely right next to this file) is already out of date by definition, but other copies are kept updated on the Internet and should be consulted as the current errata for this release. These other copies of the errata are located at https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases (as well as any sites which keep up-to-date mirrors of this location).
As with almost all UNIX® like operating systems, FreeBSD comes with a set of on-line manual pages, accessed through the man(1) command or through the hypertext manual pages gateway on the FreeBSD Web site. In general, the manual pages provide information on the different commands and APIs available to the FreeBSD user.
Books and Articles
Two highly-useful collections of FreeBSD-related information,
maintained by the FreeBSD Project, are the FreeBSD Handbook and
FreeBSD FAQ(Frequently Asked Questions document). On-line versions
of the Handbook and
FAQ are always
available from the FreeBSD Documentation
page or its mirrors. If you install the
doc distribution set, you can use a Web browser
to read the Handbook and FAQ locally. In particular, note that the
Handbook contains a step-by-step guide to installing FreeBSD.
A number of on-line books and articles, also maintained by the FreeBSD Project, cover more-specialized, FreeBSD-related topics. This material spans a wide range of topics, from effective use of the mailing lists, to dual-booting FreeBSD with other operating systems, to guidelines for new committers. Like the Handbook and FAQ, these documents are available from the FreeBSD Documentation Page or in the doc distribution set.
A listing of other books and documents about FreeBSD can be found in the bibliography of the FreeBSD Handbook. Because of FreeBSD’s strong UNIX® heritage, many other articles and books written for UNIX® systems are applicable as well, some of which are also listed in the bibliography.
FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many hundreds, if not thousands, of individuals from around the world who have worked countless hours to bring about this release. For a complete list of FreeBSD developers and contributors, please see "Contributors to FreeBSD" on the FreeBSD Web site or any of its mirrors.
Special thanks also go to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over the world, without whom this release simply would not have been possible.
Last modified on: May 16, 2022 by Glen Barber