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THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED BY THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Some FreeBSD manual pages contain text from the IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology — Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX®) specification. These manual pages are subject to the following terms:
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and The Open Group, have given us permission to reprint portions of their documentation.
In the following statement, the phrase "this text" refers to portions of the system documentation.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form in the FreeBSD manual pages, from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology — Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright© 2001-2004 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between these versions and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at https://www.opengroup.org/membership/forums/platform/unix.
This notice shall appear on any product containing this material.
Last modified on: January 1, 2023 by Li-Wen Hsu