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RM(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			 RM(1)

NAME
     rm, unlink	-- remove directory entries

SYNOPSIS
     rm	[-f | -i] [-dIRrvWx] file ...
     unlink [--] file

DESCRIPTION
     The rm utility attempts to	remove the non-directory type files specified
     on	the command line.  If the permissions of the file do not permit	writ-
     ing, and the standard input device	is a terminal, the user	is prompted
     (on the standard error output) for	confirmation.

     The options are as	follows:

     -d	     Attempt to	remove directories as well as other types of files.

     -f	     Attempt to	remove the files without prompting for confirmation,
	     regardless	of the file's permissions.  If the file	does not ex-
	     ist, do not display a diagnostic message or modify	the exit sta-
	     tus to reflect an error.  The -f option overrides any previous -i
	     options.

     -i	     Request confirmation before attempting to remove each file, re-
	     gardless of the file's permissions, or whether or not the stan-
	     dard input	device is a terminal.  The -i option overrides any
	     previous -f options.

     -I	     Request confirmation once if more than three files	are being re-
	     moved or if a directory is	being recursively removed.  This is a
	     far less intrusive	option than -i yet provides almost the same
	     level of protection against mistakes.

     -P	     This flag has no effect.  It is kept only for backwards compati-
	     bility with 4.4BSD-Lite2.

     -R	     Attempt to	remove the file	hierarchy rooted in each file argu-
	     ment.  The	-R option implies the -d option.  If the -i option is
	     specified,	the user is prompted for confirmation before each di-
	     rectory's contents	are processed (as well as before the attempt
	     is	made to	remove the directory).	If the user does not respond
	     affirmatively, the	file hierarchy rooted in that directory	is
	     skipped.

     -r	     Equivalent	to -R.

     -v	     Be	verbose	when deleting files, showing them as they are removed.

     -W	     Attempt to	undelete the named files.  Currently, this option can
	     only be used to recover files covered by whiteouts	in a union
	     file system (see undelete(2)).

     -x	     When removing a hierarchy,	do not cross mount points.

     The rm utility removes symbolic links, not	the files referenced by	the
     links.

     It	is an error to attempt to remove the files /, .	or ...

     When the utility is called	as unlink, only	one argument, which must not
     be	a directory, may be supplied.  No options may be supplied in this sim-
     ple mode of operation, which performs an unlink(2)	operation on the
     passed argument.  However,	the usual option-end delimiter,	--, may	op-
     tionally precede the argument.

EXIT STATUS
     The rm utility exits 0 if all of the named	files or file hierarchies were
     removed, or if the	-f option was specified	and all	of the existing	files
     or	file hierarchies were removed.	If an error occurs, rm exits with a
     value >0.

NOTES
     The rm command uses getopt(3) to parse its	arguments, which allows	it to
     accept the	`--' option which will cause it	to stop	processing flag	op-
     tions at that point.  This	will allow the removal of file names that be-
     gin with a	dash (`-').  For example:

	   rm -- -filename

     The same behavior can be obtained by using	an absolute or relative	path
     reference.	 For example:

	   rm /home/user/-filename
	   rm ./-filename

EXAMPLES
     Recursively remove	all files contained within the foobar directory	hier-
     archy:

	   $ rm	-rf foobar

     Any of these commands will	remove the file	-f:

	   $ rm	-- -f
	   $ rm	./-f
	   $ unlink -f

COMPATIBILITY
     The rm utility differs from historical implementations in that the	-f op-
     tion only masks attempts to remove	non-existent files instead of masking
     a large variety of	errors.	 The -v	option is non-standard and its use in
     scripts is	not recommended.

     Also, historical BSD implementations prompted on the standard output, not
     the standard error	output.

     The -P option does	not have any effect as of FreeBSD 13 and may be	re-
     moved in the future.

SEE ALSO
     chflags(1), rmdir(1), undelete(2),	unlink(2), fts(3), getopt(3),
     symlink(7)

STANDARDS
     The rm command conforms to	.

     The simplified unlink command conforms to Version 2 of the	Single UNIX
     Specification ("SUSv2").

HISTORY
     A rm command appeared in Version 1	AT&T UNIX.

FreeBSD	13.0		       November	10, 2018		  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXIT STATUS | NOTES | EXAMPLES | COMPATIBILITY | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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