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ZSHCALSYS(1)		    General Commands Manual		  ZSHCALSYS(1)

       zshcalsys - zsh calendar	system

       The shell is supplied with a series of functions	to replace and enhance
       the traditional Unix calendar programme,	which warns the	user of	 immi-
       nent or future events, details of which are stored in a text file (typ-
       ically calendar in the user's home directory).	The  version  provided
       here includes a mechanism for alerting the user when an event is	due.

       In  addition  functions	age, before and	after are provided that	can be
       used in a glob qualifier; they allow files  to  be  selected  based  on
       their modification times.

       The  format of the calendar file	and the	dates used there in and	in the
       age function are	described first, then the functions that can be	called
       to examine and modify the calendar file.

       The  functions here depend on the availability of the zsh/datetime mod-
       ule which is usually installed with the shell.	The  library  function
       strptime()  must	 be  available;	it is present on most recent operating

   Calendar File Format
       The calendar file is by default ~/calendar.  This can be	configured  by
       the  calendar-file style, see the section STYLES	below.	The basic for-
       mat consists of a series	of separate lines, with	no  indentation,  each
       including  a  date  and time specification followed by a	description of
       the event.

       Various enhancements to this format are supported, based	on the	syntax
       of Emacs	calendar mode.	An indented line indicates a continuation line
       that continues the description of the event  from  the  preceding  line
       (note the date may not be continued in this way).  An initial ampersand
       (&) is ignored for compatibility.

       An indented line	on which the first non-whitespace character  is	 #  is
       not  displayed with the calendar	entry, but is still scanned for	infor-
       mation.	This can be used to hide information useful  to	 the  calendar
       system  but not to the user, such as the	unique identifier used by cal-

       The Emacs extension that	a date with no description may refer to	a num-
       ber of succeeding events	at different times is not supported.

       Unless the done-file style has been altered, any	events which have been
       processed are appended to the file with the same	name as	 the  calendar
       file with the suffix .done, hence ~/calendar.done by default.

       An example is shown below.

   Date	Format
       The  format of the date and time	is designed to allow flexibility with-
       out admitting ambiguity.	 (The words `date' and `time' are both used in
       the documentation below;	except where specifically noted	this implies a
       string that may include both a date and a  time	specification.)	  Note
       that  there  is no localization support;	month and day names must be in
       English and separator characters	are fixed.  Matching is	case  insensi-
       tive,  and  only	 the first three letters of the	names are significant,
       although	as a special case a form  beginning  "month"  does  not	 match
       "Monday".   Furthermore,	 time zones are	not handled; all times are as-
       sumed to	be local.

       It is recommended that, rather than exploring the  intricacies  of  the
       system,	users  find a date format that is natural to them and stick to
       it.  This will avoid unexpected effects.	 Various key facts  should  be

       o      In  particular,  note  the  confusion between month/day/year and
	      day/month/year when the month is numeric;	these  formats	should
	      be avoided if at all possible.  Many alternatives	are available.

       o      The  year	 must  be  given  in full to avoid confusion, and only
	      years from 1900 to 2099 inclusive	are matched.

       The following give some obvious examples; users finding here  a	format
       they  like  and	not subject to vagaries	of style may skip the full de-
       scription.  As dates and	times are matched separately (even though  the
       time  may  be  embedded in the date), any date format may be mixed with
       any format for the time of day provide the separators are clear (white-
       space, colons, commas).

	      2007/04/03 13:13
	      2007/04/03 1:13 pm
	      3rd April	2007, 13:13
	      April 3rd	2007 1:13 p.m.
	      Apr 3, 2007 13:13
	      Tue Apr 03 13:13:00 2007
	      13:13 2007/apr/3

       More detailed rules follow.

       Times  are  parsed and extracted	before dates.  They must use colons to
       separate	hours and minutes, though a dot	is allowed before  seconds  if
       they are	present.  This limits time formats to the following:

       o      HH:MM[:SS[.FFFFF]] [am|pm|a.m.|p.m.]

       o      HH:MM.SS[.FFFFF] [am|pm|a.m.|p.m.]

       Here,  square brackets indicate optional	elements, possibly with	alter-
       natives.	 Fractions of a	second are recognised but ignored.  For	 abso-
       lute times (the normal format require by	the calendar file and the age,
       before and after	functions) a date is mandatory but a time  of  day  is
       not;  the  time returned	is at the start	of the date.  One variation is
       allowed:	if a.m.	or p.m.	or one of their	variants is present,  an  hour
       without a minute	is allowed, e.g. 3 p.m..

       Time  zones  are	not handled, though if one is matched following	a time
       specification it	will be	removed	to allow  a  surrounding  date	to  be
       parsed.	This only happens if the format	of the timezone	is not too un-
       usual.  The following are examples of forms that	are understood:


       Any part	of the timezone	that is	not numeric must  have	exactly	 three
       capital letters in the name.

       Dates  suffer from the ambiguity	between	DD/MM/YYYY and MM/DD/YYYY.  It
       is recommended this form	is avoided with	purely numeric dates, but  use
       of ordinals, eg.	3rd/04/2007, will resolve the ambiguity	as the ordinal
       is always parsed	as the day of the month.  Years	must  be  four	digits
       (and  the  first	 two  must  be	19 or 20); 03/04/08 is not recognised.
       Other numbers may have leading zeroes, but they are not required.   The
       following are handled:

       o      YYYY/MM/DD

       o      YYYY-MM-DD

       o      YYYY/MNM/DD

       o      YYYY-MNM-DD

       o      DD[th|st|rd] MNM[,] [ YYYY ]

       o      MNM DD[th|st|rd][,] [ YYYY ]

       o      DD[th|st|rd]/MM[,] YYYY

       o      DD[th|st|rd]/MM/YYYY

       o      MM/DD[th|st|rd][,] YYYY

       o      MM/DD[th|st|rd]/YYYY

       Here,  MNM is at	least the first	three letters of a month name, matched
       case-insensitively.  The	remainder of the month name may	appear but its
       contents	 are  irrelevant,  so  janissary,  febrile,  martial, apricot,
       maybe, junta, etc. are happily handled.

       Where the year is shown as  optional,  the  current  year  is  assumed.
       There  are  only	 two  such cases, the form Jun 20 or 14	September (the
       only two	commonly occurring forms, apart	from a "the" in	some forms  of
       English,	 which	isn't currently	supported).  Such dates	will of	course
       become ambiguous	in the future, so should ideally be avoided.

       Times may follow	dates with a colon, e.g. 1965/07/12:09:45; this	is  in
       order  to  provide a format with	no whitespace.	A comma	and whitespace
       are allowed, e.g. 1965/07/12, 09:45.  Currently the order of these sep-
       arators	is  not	 checked,  so  illogical formats such as 1965/07/12, :
       ,09:45 will also	be matched.  For simplicity such  variations  are  not
       shown in	the list above.	 Otherwise, a time is only recognised as being
       associated with a date if there is only whitespace in  between,	or  if
       the time	was embedded in	the date.

       Days  of	the week are not normally scanned, but will be ignored if they
       occur at	the start of the date  pattern	only.	However,  in  contexts
       where it	is useful to specify dates relative to today, days of the week
       with no other date specification	may be given.  The day is  assumed  to
       be  either  today or within the past week.  Likewise, the words yester-
       day, today and tomorrow are handled.  All matches are case-insensitive.
       Hence  if today is Monday, then Sunday is equivalent to yesterday, Mon-
       day is equivalent to today, but Tuesday gives  a	 date  six  days  ago.
       This  is	 not generally useful within the calendar file.	 Dates in this
       format may be combined with a time specification; for example Tomorrow,
       8 p.m..

       For example, the	standard date format:

	      Fri Aug 18 17:00:48 BST 2006

       is  handled  by	matching  HH:MM:SS  and	 removing it together with the
       matched (but unused) time zone.	This leaves the	following:

	      Fri Aug 18 2006

       Fri is ignored and the rest is matched according	to the standard	rules.

   Relative Time Format
       In certain places relative times	are handled.  Here, a date is not  al-
       lowed;  instead a combination of	various	supported periods are allowed,
       together	with an	optional time.	The periods must be in order from most
       to least	significant.

       In some cases, a	more accurate calculation is possible when there is an
       anchor date:  offsets of	months or years	pick the correct  day,	rather
       than  being  rounded,  and it is	possible to pick a particular day in a
       month as	`(1st Friday)',	etc., as described in more detail below.

       Anchors are available in	the following cases.  If one or	two times  are
       passed  to the function calendar, the start time	acts an	anchor for the
       end time	when the end time is relative (even if the start time  is  im-
       plicit).	  When examining calendar files, the scheduled event being ex-
       amined anchors the warning time when it is given	explicitly by means of
       the  WARN  keyword;  likewise, the scheduled event anchors a repetition
       period when given by the	RPT keyword, so	that  specifications  such  as
       RPT 2 months, 3rd Thursday are handled properly.	 Finally, the -R argu-
       ment to calendar_scandate directly provides an anchor for relative cal-

       The periods handled, with possible abbreviations	are:

       Years  years,  yrs, ys, year, yr, y, yearly.  A year is 365.25 days un-
	      less there is an anchor.

       Months months, mons, mnths, mths, month,	mon, mnth, mth,	monthly.  Note
	      that  m, ms, mn, mns are ambiguous and are not handled.  A month
	      is a period of 30	days rather than a calendar month unless there
	      is an anchor.

       Weeks  weeks, wks, ws, week, wk,	w, weekly

       Days   days, dys, ds, day, dy, d, daily

       Hours  hours, hrs, hs, hour, hr,	h, hourly

	      minutes, mins, minute, min, but not m, ms, mn or mns

	      seconds, secs, ss, second, sec, s

       Spaces  between	the  numbers  are  optional,  but are required between
       items, although a comma may be used (with or without spaces).

       The forms yearly	to hourly allow	the number to be omitted;  it  is  as-
       sumed  to  be 1.	 For example, 1	d and daily are	equivalent.  Note that
       using those forms with plurals is confusing; 2 yearly is	the same as  2
       years, not twice	yearly,	so it is recommended they only be used without

       When an anchor time is present, there is	an extension to	handle regular
       events  in the form of the nth someday of the month.  Such a specifica-
       tion must occur immediately after any year and month specification, but
       before  any  time  of day, and must be in the form n(th|st|rd) day, for
       example 1st Tuesday or 3rd  Monday.   As	 in  other  places,  days  are
       matched	case  insensitively,  must  be	in English, and	only the first
       three letters are significant except that a form	beginning `month' does
       not match `Monday'.  No attempt is made to sanitize the resulting date;
       attempts	to squeeze too many occurrences	into a month will push the day
       into  the next month (but in the	obvious	fashion, retaining the correct
       day of the week).

       Here are	some examples:

	      30 years 3 months	4 days 3:42:41
	      14 days 5	hours
	      Monthly, 3rd Thursday

       Here is an example calendar file.  It uses a consistent date format, as
       recommended above.

	      Feb 1, 2006 14:30	Pointless bureaucratic meeting
	      Mar 27, 2006 11:00 Mutual	recrimination and finger pointing
		Bring water pistol and waterproofs
	      Mar 31, 2006 14:00 Very serious managerial pontification
		# UID 12C7878A9A50
	      Apr 10, 2006 13:30 Even more pointless blame assignment exercise WARN 30 mins
	      May 18, 2006 16:00 Regular moaning session RPT monthly, 3rd Thursday

       The  second  entry has a	continuation line.  The	third entry has	a con-
       tinuation line that will	not be shown when the entry is displayed,  but
       the  unique  identifier	will be	used by	the calendar_add function when
       updating	the event.  The	fourth entry will produce a warning 30 minutes
       before  the  event (to allow you	to equip yourself appropriately).  The
       fifth entry repeats after a month on the	3rd Thursday,  i.e.  June  15,
       2006, at	the same time.

       This  section  describes	 functions  that are designed to be called di-
       rectly by the user.  The	first part describes those  functions  associ-
       ated  with  the	user's	calendar; the second part describes the	use in
       glob qualifiers.

   Calendar system functions
       calendar	[ -abdDsv ] [ -C calfile ] [ -n	num ] [	-S showprog ]
		[ [ start ] end	]
       calendar	-r [ -abdDrsv ]	[ -C calfile ] [ -n num	] [ -S showprog	]
		[ start	]
	      Show events in the calendar.

	      With no arguments, show events from the start of today until the
	      end of the next working day after	today.	In other words,	if to-
	      day is Friday, Saturday, or Sunday, show up to the  end  of  the
	      following	Monday,	otherwise show today and tomorrow.

	      If  end  is given, show events from the start of today up	to the
	      time and date given, which is in the  format  described  in  the
	      previous	section.   Note	that if	this is	a date the time	is as-
	      sumed to be midnight at the start	of the date,  so  that	effec-
	      tively this shows	all events before the given date.

	      end may start with a +, in which case the	remainder of the spec-
	      ification	is a relative time format as described in the previous
	      section indicating the range of time from	the start time that is
	      to be included.

	      If start is also given, show events starting from	that time  and
	      date.  The word now can be used to indicate the current time.

	      To  implement  an	alert when events are due, include calendar -s
	      in your ~/.zshrc file.


	      -a     Show all items in the calendar, regardless	of  the	 start
		     and end.

	      -b     Brief:   don't  display continuation lines	(i.e. indented
		     lines following the line with the	date/time),  just  the
		     first line.

	      -B lines
		     Brief:  display at	most the first lines lines of the cal-
		     endar entry.  `-B 1' is equivalent	to `-b'.

	      -C calfile
		     Explicitly	specify	a calendar file	instead	of  the	 value
		     of	the calendar-file style	or the default ~/calendar.

	      -d     Move  any	events that have passed	from the calendar file
		     to	the "done" file, as given by the  done-file  style  or
		     the  default  which  is  the calendar file	with .done ap-
		     pended.  This option is implied by	the -s option.

	      -D     Turns off the option -d, even if the -s  option  is  also

	      -n num, -num
		     Show  at  least  num  events,  if present in the calendar
		     file, regardless of the start and end.

	      -r     Show all the remaining options in the calendar,  ignoring
		     the given end time.  The start time is respected; any ar-
		     gument given is treated as	a start	time.

	      -s     Use the shell's sched command to schedule a  timed	 event
		     that  will	warn the user when an event is due.  Note that
		     the sched command only runs if the	shell is at an	inter-
		     active  prompt;  a	 foreground  task blocks the scheduled
		     task from running until it	is finished.

		     The timed event usually runs the programme	 calendar_show
		     to	 show  the  event, as described	in the section UTILITY
		     FUNCTIONS below.

		     By	default, a warning of the event	is shown five  minutes
		     before  it	 is due.  The warning period can be configured
		     by	the style warn-time or for a single calendar entry  by
		     including	WARN  reltime  in the first line of the	entry,
		     where reltime is one of the usual relative	time formats.

		     A repeated	event may be indicated by including  RPT  rel-
		     date in the first line of the entry.  After the scheduled
		     event has been displayed it will be re-entered  into  the
		     calendar file at a	time reldate after the existing	event.
		     Note that this is currently the only use made of the  re-
		     peat  count,  so  that  it	 is  not possible to query the
		     schedule for a recurrence of an event in the calendar un-
		     til the previous event has	passed.

		     If	 RPT is	used, it is also possible to specify that cer-
		     tain recurrences of an  event  are	 rescheduled  or  can-
		     celled.   This  is	done with the OCCURRENCE keyword, fol-
		     lowed by whitespace and the date and time of  the	occur-
		     rence in the regular sequence, followed by	whitespace and
		     either the	date and time of the rescheduled event or  the
		     exact  string  CANCELLED.	In this	case the date and time
		     must be in	exactly	the "date with local time" format used
		     by	   the	  text/calendar	   MIME	  type	 (RFC	2445),
		     _YYYY__MM__DD_T_hh__mm__ss_ (note	the  presence  of  the
		     literal character T).  The	first word (the	regular	recur-
		     rence) may	be something other than	a proper date/time  to
		     indicate  that  the event is additional to	the normal se-
		     quence; a convention that retains the formatting  appear-
		     ance is XXXXXXXXTXXXXXX.

		     Furthermore,  it is useful	to record the next regular re-
		     currence (as  then	 the  displayed	 date  may  be	for  a
		     rescheduled  event	 so cannot be used for calculating the
		     regular sequence).	 This is specified by RECURRENCE and a
		     time  or date in the same format.	calendar_add adds such
		     an	indication when	it encounters a	recurring  event  that
		     does not include one, based on the	headline date/time.

		     If	 calendar_add  is  used	 to update occurrences the UID
		     keyword described there should be present in both the ex-
		     isting  entry  and	the added occurrence in	order to iden-
		     tify recurring event sequences.

		     For example,

			    Thu	May 6, 2010 11:00 Informal chat	RPT 1 week
			      #	RECURRENCE 20100506T110000
			      #	OCCURRENCE 20100513T110000 20100513T120000
			      #	OCCURRENCE 20100520T110000 CANCELLED

		     The event that occurs  at	11:00  on  13th	 May  2010  is
		     rescheduled  an hour later.  The event that occurs	a week
		     later is cancelled.  The occurrences are given on a  con-
		     tinuation	line  starting	with a # character so will not
		     usually be	displayed as part of the event.	 As elsewhere,
		     no	 account  of time zones	is taken with the times. After
		     the next event occurs the headline	date/time will be `Thu
		     May  13,  2010 12:00' while the RECURRENCE	date/time will
		     be	 `20100513T110000'  (note  that	 cancelled  and	 moved
		     events  are not taken account of in the RECURRENCE, which
		     records what the next regular recurrence is, but they are
		     accounted for in the headline date/time).

		     It	 is  safe to run calendar -s to	reschedule an existing
		     event (if the calendar file has  changed,	for  example),
		     and also to have it running in multiples instances	of the
		     shell since the calendar file is locked when in use.

		     By	default, expired events	are moved to the "done"	 file;
		     see the -d	option.	 Use -D	to prevent this.

	      -S showprog
		     Explicitly	 specify  a  programme	to be used for showing
		     events instead of the value of the	show-prog style	or the
		     default calendar_show.

	      -v     Verbose:	show more information about stages of process-
		     ing.  This	is useful for confirming that the function has
		     successfully parsed the dates in the calendar file.

       calendar_add [ -BL ] event ...
	      Adds a single event to the calendar in the appropriate location.
	      The event	can contain multiple lines, as described in  the  sec-
	      tion  Calendar  File  Format above.  Using this function ensures
	      that the calendar	file is	sorted in date	and  time  order.   It
	      also makes special arrangements for locking the file while it is
	      altered.	The old	calendar is left in a  file  with  the	suffix

	      The  option  -B indicates	that backing up	the calendar file will
	      be handled by the	caller and should not be performed  by	calen-
	      dar_add.	 The  option  -L  indicates that calendar_add does not
	      need to lock the calendar	file as	it is already  locked.	 These
	      options will not usually be needed by users.

	      If the style reformat-date is true, the date and time of the new
	      entry will be rewritten into the standard	date format:  see  the
	      descriptions of this style and the style date-format.

	      The  function can	use a unique identifier	stored with each event
	      to ensure	that updates to	existing events	are treated correctly.
	      The  entry  should contain the word UID, followed	by whitespace,
	      followed by a word consisting entirely of	hexadecimal digits  of
	      arbitrary	 length	(all digits are	significant, including leading
	      zeroes).	As the UID is not directly useful to the user,	it  is
	      convenient  to hide it on	an indented continuation line starting
	      with a #,	for example:

		     Aug 31, 2007 09:30	 Celebrate the end of the holidays
		       # UID 045B78A0

	      The second line will not be shown	by the calendar	function.

	      It is possible to	specify	the RPT	keyword	followed by  CANCELLED
	      instead  of  a  relative time.  This causes any matched event or
	      series of	events to be cancelled (the original  event  does  not
	      have  to be marked as recurring in order to be cancelled by this
	      method).	A UID is required in order to match an existing	 event
	      in the calendar.

	      calendar_add  will attempt to manage recurrences and occurrences
	      of repeating events as described for event scheduling by	calen-
	      dar  -s  above.	To  reschedule or cancel a single event	calen-
	      dar_add should be	called with an entry that includes the correct
	      UID  but	does  not  include the RPT keyword as this is taken to
	      mean the entry applies to	a series of repeating events and hence
	      replaces	all  existing  information.   Each rescheduled or can-
	      celled occurrence	must have an OCCURRENCE	keyword	in  the	 entry
	      passed  to  calendar_add	which will be merged into the calendar
	      file.  Any existing reference to the occurrence is replaced.  An
	      occurrence  that	does  not  refer  to a valid existing event is
	      added as a one-off occurrence to the same	calendar entry.

	      This calls the user's editor to  edit  the  calendar  file.   If
	      there  are  arguments,  they are taken as	the editor to use (the
	      file name	is appended to the commands); otherwise, the editor is
	      given by the variable VISUAL, if set, else the variable EDITOR.

	      If  the  calendar	 scheduler was running,	then after editing the
	      file calendar -s is called to update it.

	      This function locks out the calendar  system  during  the	 edit.
	      Hence  it	 should	 be used to edit the calendar file if there is
	      any possibility of a calendar event occurring  meanwhile.	  Note
	      this  can	 lead to another shell with calendar functions enabled
	      hanging waiting for a lock, so it	is necessary to	quit the  edi-
	      tor as soon as possible.

       calendar_parse calendar-entry
	      This  is the internal function that analyses the parts of	a cal-
	      endar entry, which is passed as the only argument.  The function
	      returns status 1 if the argument could not be parsed as a	calen-
	      dar entry	and status 2 if	the wrong  number  of  arguments  were
	      passed; it also sets the parameter reply to an empty associative
	      array.  Otherwise, it returns status 0 and sets elements of  the
	      associative array	reply as follows:

	      time   The  time	as  a  string  of  digits in the same units as
		     The regularly scheduled time.  This may differ  from  the
		     actual  event  time time if this is a recurring event and
		     the next occurrence  has  been  rescheduled.   Then  time
		     gives the actual time and schedtime the time of the regu-
		     lar recurrence before modification.
	      text1  The text from the line not	including the date and time of
		     the  event,  but  including  any WARN or RPT keywords and
		     Any warning time given by the WARN	keyword	as a string of
		     digits  containing	 the time at which to warn in the same
		     units as $EPOCHSECONDS.  (Note this is an absolute	 time,
		     not the relative time passed down.)  Not set no WARN key-
		     word and value were matched.
		     The raw string matched after the WARN keyword,  else  un-
		     Any  recurrence time given	by the RPT keyword as a	string
		     of	digits containing the time of the  recurrence  in  the
		     same  units  as $EPOCHSECONDS.  (Note this	is an absolute
		     time.)  Not set if	no RPT keyword and value were matched.
		     The next regularly	scheduled occurrence  of  a  recurring
		     event before modification.	 This may differ from rpttime,
		     which is the actual time of the event that	may have  been
		     rescheduled from the regular time.
	      rptstr The raw string matched after the RPT keyword, else	unset.
	      text2  The  text from the	line after removal of the date and any
		     keywords and values.

       calendar_showdate [ -r ]	[ -f fmt ] date-spec ...
	      The given	date-spec is interpreted and  the  corresponding  date
	      and time printed.	 If the	initial	date-spec begins with a	+ or -
	      it is treated as relative	to the current time; date-specs	 after
	      the  first are treated as	relative to the	date calculated	so far
	      and a leading + is optional in that case.	 This  allows  one  to
	      use  the	system	as  a  date  calculator.   For example,	calen-
	      dar_showdate '+1 month, 1st Friday' shows	the date of the	 first
	      Friday of	next month.

	      With  the	option -r nothing is printed but the value of the date
	      and time in seconds since	the epoch is stored in	the  parameter

	      With  the	option -f fmt the given	date/time conversion format is
	      passed to	strftime; see notes on the date-format style below.

	      In order to avoid	ambiguity with negative	relative date specifi-
	      cations,	options	 must occur in separate	words; in other	words,
	      -r and -f	should not be combined in the same word.

	      Sorts the	calendar file into date	and  time  order.     The  old
	      calendar is left in a file with the suffix .old.

   Glob	qualifiers
       age    The  function  age can be	autoloaded and use separately from the
	      calendar system, although	it uses	the function calendar_scandate
	      for date formatting.  It requires	the zsh/stat builtin, but uses
	      only the builtin zstat.

	      age selects files	having a given modification time for use as  a
	      glob  qualifier.	The format of the date is the same as that un-
	      derstood by the calendar system, described in the	 section  FILE
	      AND DATE FORMATS above.

	      The  function  can  take one or two arguments, which can be sup-
	      plied either directly as command or arguments, or	separately  as
	      shell parameters.

		     print *(e:age 2006/10/04 2006/10/09:)

	      The  example  above matches all files modified between the start
	      of those dates.  The second argument may alternatively be	a rel-
	      ative time introduced by a +:

		     print *(e:age 2006/10/04 +5d:)

	      The example above	is equivalent to the previous example.

	      In  addition  to	the special use	of days	of the week, today and
	      yesterday, times with no date may	be specified; these  apply  to
	      today.  Obviously	such uses become problematic around midnight.

		     print *(e-age 12:00 13:30-)

	      The  example  above shows	files modified between 12:00 and 13:00

		     print *(e:age 2006/10/04:)

	      The example above	matches	all files modified on that  date.   If
	      the  second  argument  is	 omitted  it is	taken to be exactly 24
	      hours after the first argument (even if the first	argument  con-
	      tains a time).

		     print *(e-age 2006/10/04:10:15 2006/10/04:10:45-)

	      The  example  above supplies times.  Note	that whitespace	within
	      the time and date	specification must be quoted to	ensure age re-
	      ceives  the  correct  arguments, hence the use of	the additional
	      colon to separate	the date and time.

		     print *(+age)

	      This shows the same example before using another form  of	 argu-
	      ment  passing.  The dates	and times in the parameters AGEREF and
	      AGEREF2 stay in effect until unset, but will  be	overridden  if
	      any  argument is passed as an explicit argument to age.  Any ex-
	      plicit argument causes both parameters to	be ignored.

	      Instead of an explicit date and time, it's possible to  use  the
	      modification  time of a file as the date and time	for either ar-
	      gument by	introducing the	file name with a colon:

		     print *(e-age :file1-)

	      matches all files	created	on the same  day  (24  hours  starting
	      from midnight) as	file1.

		     print *(e-age :file1 :file2-)

	      matches  all  files  modified no earlier than file1 and no later
	      than file2; precision here is to the nearest second.

       before The functions after and before are simpler versions of age  that
	      take  just one argument.	The argument is	parsed similarly to an
	      argument of age; if it is	not given the variable AGEREF is  con-
	      sulted.	As  the	names of the functions suggest,	a file matches
	      if its modification time is after	or before the  time  and  date
	      specified.  If a time only is given the date is today.

	      The two following	examples are therefore equivalent:
		     print *(e-after 12:00-)
		     print *(e-after today:12:00-)

       The zsh style mechanism using the zstyle	command	is describe in zshmod-
       ules(1).	 This is the same mechanism used in the	completion system.

       The styles below	are all	examined in the	 context  :datetime:function:,
       for example :datetime:calendar:.

	      The location of the main calendar.  The default is ~/calendar.

	      A	 strftime  format string (see strftime(3)) with	the zsh	exten-
	      sions providing various numbers with no leading zero or space if
	      the  number  is  a  single digit as described for	the %D{string}
	      prompt format in the section EXPANSION OF	 PROMPT	 SEQUENCES  in

	      This  is	used for outputting dates in calendar, both to support
	      the -v option and	when adding recurring events back to the  cal-
	      endar file, and in calendar_showdate as the final	output format.

	      If  the  style is	not set, the default used is similar the stan-
	      dard system format as output by the date command (also known  as
	      `ctime format'): `%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Z %Y'.

	      The  location  of	the file to which events which have passed are
	      appended.	 The default is	the calendar file  location  with  the
	      suffix  .done.  The style	may be set to an empty string in which
	      case a "done" file will not be maintained.

	      Boolean, used by calendar_add.  If it is true, the date and time
	      of  new entries added to the calendar will be reformatted	to the
	      format given by the style	date-format or its default.  Only  the
	      date and time of the event itself	is reformatted;	any subsidiary
	      dates and	times such as those associated with repeat and warning
	      times are	left alone.

	      The  programme  run  by calendar for showing events.  It will be
	      passed the start time and	stop time of the events	 requested  in
	      seconds  since  the epoch	followed by the	event text.  Note that
	      calendar -s uses a start time and	stop time equal	to one another
	      to indicate alerts for specific events.

	      The default is the function calendar_show.

	      The  time	 before	an event at which a warning will be displayed,
	      if the first line	of the event does not include the  text	 EVENT
	      reltime.	The default is 5 minutes.

	      Attempt  to  lock	 the  files given in the argument.  To prevent
	      problems with network file locking this is done  in  an  ad  hoc
	      fashion by attempting to create a	symbolic link to the file with
	      the name file.lockfile.  No other	 system	 level	functions  are
	      used  for	locking, i.e. the file can be accessed and modified by
	      any utility that does not	use this  mechanism.   In  particular,
	      the  user	is not prevented from editing the calendar file	at the
	      same time	unless calendar_edit is	used.

	      Three attempts are made to lock the file before giving  up.   If
	      the  module  zsh/zselect is available, the times of the attempts
	      are jittered so that multiple instances of the calling  function
	      are unlikely to retry at the same	time.

	      The  files  locked  are  appended	 to the	array lockfiles, which
	      should be	local to the caller.

	      If all files were	successfully locked, status zero is  returned,
	      else status one.

	      This  function  may  be used as a	general	file locking function,
	      although this will only work if only this	mechanism is  used  to
	      lock files.

	      This  is	a backend used by various other	functions to parse the
	      calendar file, which is passed as	the only argument.  The	 array
	      calendar_entries	is  set	 to the	list of	events in the file; no
	      pruning is done except that  ampersands  are  removed  from  the
	      start of the line.  Each entry may contain multiple lines.

	      This  is a generic function to parse dates and times that	may be
	      used separately from the calendar	system.	  The  argument	 is  a
	      date  or time specification as described in the section FILE AND
	      DATE FORMATS above.  The parameter REPLY is set to the number of
	      seconds  since the epoch corresponding to	that date or time.  By
	      default, the date	and time may occur anywhere within  the	 given

	      Returns  status  zero  if	 the  date  and	time were successfully
	      parsed, else one.

	      -a     The date and time are anchored to the start of the	 argu-
		     ment;  they  will	not  be	 matched if there is preceding

	      -A     The date and time are anchored to both the	start and  end
		     of	 the  argument;	they will not be matched if the	is any
		     other text	in the argument.

	      -d     Enable additional debugging output.

	      -m     Minus.  When -R anchor_time is also  given	 the  relative
		     time is calculated	backwards from anchor_time.

	      -r     The argument passed is to be parsed as a relative time.

	      -R anchor_time
		     The  argument  passed is to be parsed as a	relative time.
		     The time is relative to anchor_time, a  time  in  seconds
		     since  the	 epoch,	and the	returned value is the absolute
		     time corresponding	to advancing anchor_time by the	 rela-
		     tive  time	 given.	  This	allows lengths of months to be
		     correctly taken into account.  If the final day does  not
		     exist in the given	month, the last	day of the final month
		     is	given.	For example, if	the anchor time	is during 31st
		     January  2007 and the relative time is 1 month, the final
		     time is the same time of day during 28th February 2007.

	      -s     In	addition to setting REPLY, set REPLY2 to the remainder
		     of	 the  argument	after  the  date  and  time  have been
		     stripped.	This is	empty if the option -A was given.

	      -t     Allow a time with no date specification.  The date	is as-
		     sumed  to	be today.  The behaviour is unspecified	if the
		     iron tongue of midnight is	tolling	twelve.

	      The function used	by default to display events.	It  accepts  a
	      start  time  and end time	for events, both in epoch seconds, and
	      an event description.

	      The event	is always printed to standard output.  If the  command
	      line  editor is active (which will usually be the	case) the com-
	      mand line	will be	redisplayed after the output.

	      If the parameter DISPLAY is set and the start and	end times  are
	      the  same	 (indicating a scheduled event), the function uses the
	      command xmessage to display a window with	the event details.

       As the system is	based entirely on shell	functions (with	a little  sup-
       port  from  the zsh/datetime module) the	mechanisms used	are not	as ro-
       bust as those provided by a dedicated calendar  utility.	  Consequently
       the user	should not rely	on the shell for vital alerts.

       There is	no calendar_delete function.

       There  is  no localization support for dates and	times, nor any support
       for the use of time zones.

       Relative	periods	of months and years do not take	into account the vari-
       able number of days.

       The  calendar_show  function is currently hardwired to use xmessage for
       displaying alerts on X Window System displays.  This should be  config-
       urable and ideally integrate better with	the desktop.

       calendar_lockfiles  hangs the shell while waiting for a lock on a file.
       If called from a	scheduled task,	it should instead reschedule the event
       that caused it.

zsh 5.8			       February	14, 2020		  ZSHCALSYS(1)


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