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ZIPINFO(1L)							   ZIPINFO(1L)

       zipinfo - list detailed information about a ZIP archive

       zipinfo [-12smlvhMtTz] file[.zip] [file(s) ...] [-x xfile(s) ...]

       unzip -Z	[-12smlvhMtTz] file[.zip] [file(s) ...]	[-x xfile(s) ...]

       zipinfo	lists technical	information about files	in a ZIP archive, most
       commonly	found on MS-DOS	systems.  Such information includes  file  ac-
       cess  permissions,  encryption status, type of compression, version and
       operating system	or file	system of compressing program, and  the	 like.
       The  default  behavior (with no options)	is to list single-line entries
       for each	file in	the archive, with header and trailer  lines  providing
       summary	information for	the entire archive.  The format	is a cross be-
       tween Unix ``ls -l'' and	``unzip	-v'' output.  See DETAILED DESCRIPTION
       below.	Note  that zipinfo is the same program as unzip	(under Unix, a
       link to it); on some systems, however, zipinfo support  may  have  been
       omitted when unzip was compiled.

	      Path  of	the  ZIP  archive(s).	If the file specification is a
	      wildcard,	each matching file is processed	in an order determined
	      by the operating system (or file system).	 Only the filename can
	      be a wildcard; the path itself cannot.  Wildcard expressions are
	      similar to Unix egrep(1) (regular) expressions and may contain:

	      *	     matches a sequence	of 0 or	more characters

	      ?	     matches exactly 1 character

	      [...]  matches  any  single character found inside the brackets;
		     ranges are	specified by a beginning character, a  hyphen,
		     and  an  ending  character.  If an	exclamation point or a
		     caret (`!'	or `^')	follows	the  left  bracket,  then  the
		     range  of	characters within the brackets is complemented
		     (that is,	anything  except  the  characters  inside  the
		     brackets is considered a match).

	      (Be  sure	 to quote any character	that might otherwise be	inter-
	      preted or	modified by the	operating system,  particularly	 under
	      Unix  and	 VMS.)	 If no matches are found, the specification is
	      assumed to be a literal filename;	and if that  also  fails,  the
	      suffix  .zip  is	appended.  Note	that self-extracting ZIP files
	      are supported; just specify the .exe suffix (if any) explicitly.

	      An optional list of archive members to  be  processed.   Regular
	      expressions  (wildcards)	may be used to match multiple members;
	      see above.  Again, be sure to quote expressions that would  oth-
	      erwise be	expanded or modified by	the operating system.

       [-x xfile(s)]
	      An optional list of archive members to be	excluded from process-

       -1     list filenames only, one per line.   This	 option	 excludes  all
	      others;	headers,  trailers  and	 zipfile  comments  are	 never
	      printed.	It is intended for use in Unix shell scripts.

       -2     list filenames only, one	per  line,  but	 allow	headers	 (-h),
	      trailers	(-t)  and zipfile comments (-z), as well.  This	option
	      may be useful in cases where the stored filenames	 are  particu-
	      larly long.

       -s     list  zipfile  info in short Unix	``ls -l'' format.  This	is the
	      default behavior;	see below.

       -m     list zipfile info	in medium Unix ``ls -l'' format.  Identical to
	      the  -s output, except that the compression factor, expressed as
	      a	percentage, is also listed.

       -l     list zipfile info	in long	Unix ``ls -l'' format.	As with	-m ex-
	      cept  that  the compressed size (in bytes) is printed instead of
	      the compression ratio.

       -v     list zipfile information in verbose, multi-page format.

       -h     list header line.	 The archive name, actual size (in bytes)  and
	      total number of files is printed.

       -M     pipe  all	 output	 through an internal pager similar to the Unix
	      more(1) command.	At the end of a	screenful of  output,  zipinfo
	      pauses  with  a  ``--More--''  prompt; the next screenful	may be
	      viewed by	pressing the Enter (Return)  key  or  the  space  bar.
	      zipinfo can be terminated	by pressing the	``q'' key and, on some
	      systems, the Enter/Return	key.  Unlike Unix more(1), there is no
	      forward-searching	 or editing capability.	 Also, zipinfo doesn't
	      notice if	long lines wrap	at the edge of the screen, effectively
	      resulting	 in  the printing of two or more lines and the likeli-
	      hood that	some text will scroll off the top of the screen	before
	      being  viewed.  On some systems the number of available lines on
	      the screen is not	detected, in which case	 zipinfo  assumes  the
	      height is	24 lines.

       -t     list  totals  for	 files listed or for all files.	 The number of
	      files listed, their uncompressed and compressed total sizes, and
	      their overall compression	factor is printed; or, if only the to-
	      tals line	is being printed, the values for  the  entire  archive
	      are  given.   Note  that	the  total compressed (data) size will
	      never match the actual zipfile size, since the  latter  includes
	      all  of  the  internal  zipfile  headers in addition to the com-
	      pressed data.

       -T     print the	file dates and times  in  a  sortable  decimal	format
	      (yymmdd.hhmmss).	 The  default  date format is a	more standard,
	      human-readable version with abbreviated month names  (see	 exam-
	      ples below).

       -z     include the archive comment (if any) in the listing.

       zipinfo has a number of modes, and its behavior can be rather difficult
       to fathom if one	isn't familiar with Unix ls(1) (or even	 if  one  is).
       The default behavior is to list files in	the following format:

  -rw-rws---  1.9 unx	 2802 t- defX 11-Aug-91	13:48 perms.2660

       The  last  three	fields are the modification date and time of the file,
       and its name.  The case of the filename is respected; thus  files  that
       come  from MS-DOS PKZIP are always capitalized.	If the file was	zipped
       with a stored directory name, that is also displayed  as	 part  of  the

       The  second  and	 third	fields indicate	that the file was zipped under
       Unix with version 1.9 of	zip.  Since it comes from Unix,	the file  per-
       missions	 at the	beginning of the line are printed in Unix format.  The
       uncompressed file-size (2802 in this example) is	the fourth field.

       The fifth field consists	of two characters, either of which may take on
       several values.	The first character may	be either `t' or `b', indicat-
       ing that	zip believes the file to be text or binary, respectively;  but
       if  the	file is	encrypted, zipinfo notes this fact by capitalizing the
       character (`T' or `B').	The second character may  also	take  on  four
       values,	depending  on whether there is an extended local header	and/or
       an ``extra  field''  associated	with  the  file	 (fully	 explained  in
       PKWare's	 APPNOTE.TXT,  but  basically  analogous  to  pragmas  in ANSI
       C--i.e.,	they provide a standard	way to include	non-standard  informa-
       tion  in	 the archive).	If neither exists, the character will be a hy-
       phen (`-'); if there is an extended local header	but  no	 extra	field,
       `l';  if	 the  reverse,	`x'; and if both exist,	`X'.  Thus the file in
       this example is (probably) a text file, is not encrypted, and has  nei-
       ther  an	 extra	field nor an extended local header associated with it.
       The example below, on the other hand, is	an encrypted binary file  with
       an extra	field:

  RWD,R,R     0.9 vms	  168 Bx shrk  9-Aug-91	19:15 perms.0644

       Extra  fields  are  used	for various purposes (see discussion of	the -v
       option below) including the storage of VMS file	attributes,  which  is
       presumably  the case here.  Note	that the file attributes are listed in
       VMS format.  Some other possibilities for  the  host  operating	system
       (which  is  actually  a misnomer--host file system is more correct) in-
       clude OS/2 or NT	with High Performance File System (HPFS), MS-DOS, OS/2
       or  NT  with  File  Allocation  Table (FAT) file	system,	and Macintosh.
       These are denoted as follows:

  -rw-a--     1.0 hpf	 5358 Tl i4:3  4-Dec-91	11:33 longfilename.hpfs
  -r--ahs     1.1 fat	 4096 b- i4:2 14-Jul-91	12:58 EA DATA. SF
  --w-------  1.0 mac	17357 bx i8:2  4-May-92	04:02 unzip.macr

       File attributes in the first two	cases are  indicated  in  a  Unix-like
       format,	where the seven	subfields indicate whether the file:  (1) is a
       directory, (2) is readable (always true), (3) is	writable, (4) is  exe-
       cutable	(guessed on the	basis of the extension--.exe, .com, .bat, .cmd
       and .btm	files are assumed to be	so), (5) has its archive bit set,  (6)
       is  hidden, and (7) is a	system file.  Interpretation of	Macintosh file
       attributes is unreliable	because	some Macintosh archivers  don't	 store
       any attributes in the archive.

       Finally,	 the sixth field indicates the compression method and possible
       sub-method used.	 There are six methods known at	present:  storing  (no
       compression),  reducing,	 shrinking,  imploding,	tokenizing (never pub-
       licly released),	and deflating.	In addition, there are four levels  of
       reducing	 (1 through 4);	four types of imploding	(4K or 8K sliding dic-
       tionary,	and 2 or 3 Shannon-Fano	trees);	and four levels	 of  deflating
       (superfast,  fast,  normal,  maximum  compression).  zipinfo represents
       these methods and their sub-methods  as	follows:   stor;  re:1,	 re:2,
       etc.; shrk; i4:2, i8:3, etc.; tokn; and defS, defF, defN, and defX.

       The  medium  and	long listings are almost identical to the short	format
       except that they	add information	on the file's compression.  The	medium
       format  lists  the file's compression factor as a percentage indicating
       the amount of space that	has been ``removed'':

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t- 81% defX 11-Aug-91 13:48 perms.2660

       In this example,	the file has been compressed by	more than a factor  of
       five;  the compressed data are only 19% of the original size.  The long
       format gives the	compressed file's size in bytes, instead:

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t-     538 defX 11-Aug-91	13:48 perms.2660

       Adding the -T option changes the	file date and time to decimal format:

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t-     538 defX 910811.134804 perms.2660

       Note that because of limitations	in the MS-DOS  format  used  to	 store
       file  times,  the  seconds  field is always rounded to the nearest even
       second.	For Unix files this is expected	to change in  the  next	 major
       releases	of zip(1L) and unzip.

       In  addition  to	individual file	information, a default zipfile listing
       also includes header and	trailer	lines:

  Archive:   5453 bytes   5 files
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	  730 b- i4:3 26-Jun-92	23:40 Contents
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	 3710 b- i4:3 26-Jun-92	23:33 makefile.os2
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	 8753 b- i8:3 26-Jun-92	15:29 os2unzip.c
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	   98 b- stor 21-Aug-91	15:34 unzip.def
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	   95 b- stor 21-Aug-91	17:51 zipinfo.def
  5 files, 13386 bytes uncompressed, 4951 bytes	compressed:  63.0%

       The header line gives the name of the archive, its total	size, and  the
       total  number  of  files; the trailer gives the number of files listed,
       their total uncompressed	size, and their	total compressed size (not in-
       cluding	any  of	 zip's	internal  overhead).  If, however, one or more
       file(s) are provided, the header	and  trailer  lines  are  not  listed.
       This  behavior  is  also	similar	to that	of Unix's ``ls -l''; it	may be
       overridden by specifying	the -h and -t options explicitly.  In  such  a
       case  the listing format	must also be specified explicitly, since -h or
       -t (or both) in the absence of other  options  implies  that  ONLY  the
       header  or  trailer line	(or both) is listed.  See the EXAMPLES section
       below for a semi-intelligible translation of this nonsense.

       The verbose listing is mostly self-explanatory.	 It  also  lists  file
       comments	 and  the  zipfile comment, if any, and	the type and number of
       bytes in	any stored extra  fields.   Currently  known  types  of	 extra
       fields include PKWARE's authentication (``AV'') info; OS/2 extended at-
       tributes; VMS filesystem	info, both PKWARE and Info-ZIP versions;  Mac-
       intosh resource forks; Acorn/Archimedes SparkFS info; and so on.	 (Note
       that in the case	of OS/2	extended attributes--perhaps the  most	common
       use  of zipfile extra fields--the size of the stored EAs	as reported by
       zipinfo may not match the number	given by OS/2's	dir command: OS/2  al-
       ways  reports  the  number  of bytes required in	16-bit format, whereas
       zipinfo always reports the 32-bit storage.)

       Modifying zipinfo's default behavior via	options	placed in an  environ-
       ment variable can be a bit complicated to explain, due to zipinfo's at-
       tempts to handle	various	defaults in an intuitive, yet Unix-like,  man-
       ner.   (Try  not	 to  laugh.)   Nevertheless,  there is some underlying
       logic.  In brief, there are three ``priority levels'' of	options:   the
       default	options; environment options, which can	override or add	to the
       defaults; and explicit options given by the user, which can override or
       add to either of	the above.

       The  default listing format, as noted above, corresponds	roughly	to the
       "zipinfo	-hst" command (except  when  individual	 zipfile  members  are
       specified).   A	user who prefers the long-listing format (-l) can make
       use of the zipinfo's environment	variable to change this	default:

       Unix Bourne shell:
	      ZIPINFO=-l; export ZIPINFO

       Unix C shell:
	      setenv ZIPINFO -l

       OS/2 or MS-DOS:
	      set ZIPINFO=-l

       VMS (quotes for lowercase):
	      define ZIPINFO_OPTS "-l"

       If, in addition,	the user dislikes the trailer line, zipinfo's  concept
       of  ``negative  options'' may be	used to	override the default inclusion
       of the line.  This is accomplished by preceding	the  undesired	option
       with one	or more	minuses:  e.g.,	``-l-t'' or ``--tl'', in this example.
       The first hyphen	is the regular switch character, but  the  one	before
       the  `t'	 is  a	minus sign.  The dual use of hyphens may seem a	little
       awkward,	but it's reasonably intuitive nonetheless:  simply ignore  the
       first  hyphen and go from there.	 It is also consistent with the	behav-
       ior of the Unix command nice(1).

       As suggested above, the default variable	names are ZIPINFO_OPTS for VMS
       (where  the  symbol  used to install zipinfo as a foreign command would
       otherwise be confused with the environment variable), and  ZIPINFO  for
       all  other  operating  systems.	For compatibility with zip(1L),	ZIPIN-
       FOOPT is	also accepted (don't ask).  If both ZIPINFO and	ZIPINFOOPT are
       defined,	 however, ZIPINFO takes	precedence.  unzip's diagnostic	option
       (-v with	no zipfile name) can be	used to	check the values of  all  four
       possible	unzip and zipinfo environment variables.

       To  get a basic,	short-format listing of	the complete contents of a ZIP
       archive, with both header and totals	lines,	use  only  the
       archive name as an argument to zipinfo:

       zipinfo storage

       To produce a basic, long-format listing (not verbose), including	header
       and totals lines, use -l:

       zipinfo -l storage

       To list the complete contents of	the archive without header and	totals
       lines, either negate the	-h and -t options or else specify the contents

       zipinfo --h-t storage
       zipinfo storage \*

       (where the backslash is required	only if	the shell would	otherwise  ex-
       pand  the  `*'  wildcard, as in Unix when globbing is turned on--double
       quotes around the asterisk would	have worked as well).  To turn off the
       totals  line  by	 default, use the environment variable (C shell	is as-
       sumed here):

       setenv ZIPINFO --t
       zipinfo storage

       To get the full,	short-format listing of	the first example again, given
       that  the environment variable is set as	in the previous	example, it is
       necessary to specify the	-s option explicitly, since the	-t  option  by
       itself implies that ONLY	the footer line	is to be printed:

       setenv ZIPINFO --t
       zipinfo -t storage	     [only totals line]
       zipinfo -st storage	     [full listing]

       The -s option, like -m and -l, includes headers and footers by default,
       unless otherwise	specified.  Since the environment  variable  specified
       no  footers  and	that has a higher precedence than the default behavior
       of -s, an explicit -t option was	necessary to produce the full listing.
       Nothing	was  indicated about the header, however, so the -s option was
       sufficient.  Note that both the -h and -t options, when used  by	 them-
       selves  or  with	 each  other,  override	 any default listing of	member
       files; only the header and/or footer are	 printed.   This  behavior  is
       useful  when zipinfo is used with a wildcard zipfile specification; the
       contents	of all zipfiles	are then summarized with a single command.

       To list information on a	single file within the archive,	in medium for-
       mat, specify the	filename explicitly:

       zipinfo -m storage unshrink.c

       The specification of any	member file, as	in this	example, will override
       the default header and totals lines; only the single line  of  informa-
       tion  about  the	 requested  file will be printed.  This	is intuitively
       what one	would expect when requesting information about a single	 file.
       For multiple files, it is often useful to know the total	compressed and
       uncompressed size; in such cases	-t may be specified explicitly:

       zipinfo -mt storage "*.[ch]" Mak\*

       To get maximal information about	the ZIP	archive, use the  verbose  op-
       tion.  It is usually wise to pipe the output into a filter such as Unix
       more(1) if the operating	system allows it:

       zipinfo -v storage | more

       Finally,	to see the most	recently modified files	in  the	 archive,  use
       the  -T	option in conjunction with an external sorting utility such as
       Unix sort(1) (and tail(1) as well, in this example):

       zipinfo -T storage | sort -n +6 | tail -15

       The -n option to	sort(1)	tells it to sort numerically  rather  than  in
       ASCII  order, and the +6	option tells it	to sort	on the sixth field af-
       ter the first one (i.e.,	the seventh field).  This assumes the  default
       short-listing  format;  if  -m or -l is used, the proper	sort(1)	option
       would be	+7.  The tail(1) command filters out all but the last 15 lines
       of  the	listing.  Future releases of zipinfo may incorporate date/time
       and filename sorting as built-in	options.

       The author finds	it convenient to define	an alias  ii  for  zipinfo  on
       systems	that allow aliases (or,	on other systems, copy/rename the exe-
       cutable,	create a link or create	a command file with the	name ii).  The
       ii  usage  parallels the	common ll alias	for long listings in Unix, and
       the similarity between the outputs of the two commands was intentional.

       As with unzip, zipinfo's	-M (``more'') option is	overly	simplistic  in
       its  handling  of screen	output;	as noted above,	it fails to detect the
       wrapping	of long	lines and may thereby cause lines at the  top  of  the
       screen to be scrolled off before	being read.  zipinfo should detect and
       treat each occurrence of	line-wrap  as  one  additional	line  printed.
       This  requires  knowledge  of the screen's width	as well	as its height.
       In addition, zipinfo should detect the true screen geometry on all sys-

       zipinfo's  listing-format  behavior is unnecessarily complex and	should
       be simplified.  (This is	not to say that	it will	be.)

       ls(1), funzip(1L), unzip(1L), unzipsfx(1L), zip(1L), zipcloak(1L), zip-
       note(1L), zipsplit(1L)

       The Info-ZIP home page is currently at
       or .

       Greg  ``Cave Newt'' Roelofs.  ZipInfo contains pattern-matching code by
       Mark Adler and fixes/improvements by many others.  Please refer to  the
       CONTRIBS	 file  in  the	UnZip  source distribution for a more complete

Info-ZIP		    17 February	2002 (v2.4)		   ZIPINFO(1L)


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