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ZIPINFO(1L)							   ZIPINFO(1L)

       zipinfo - list detailed information about a ZIP archive

       zipinfo [-12smlvhMtTz] file[.zip] [file(s) ...] [-x xfile(s) ...]

       unzip -Z	[-12smlvhMtTz] file[.zip] [file(s) ...]	[-x xfile(s) ...]

       zipinfo	lists technical	information about files	in a ZIP archive, most
       commonly	found on MS-DOS	systems.  Such information includes  file  ac-
       cess  permissions,  encryption status, type of compression, version and
       operating system	or file	system of compressing program, and  the	 like.
       The  default  behavior (with no options)	is to list single-line entries
       for each	file in	the archive, with header and trailer  lines  providing
       summary	information for	the entire archive.  The format	is a cross be-
       tween Unix ``ls -l'' and	``unzip	-v'' output.  See DETAILED DESCRIPTION
       below.	Note  that zipinfo is the same program as unzip	(under Unix, a
       link to it); on some systems, however, zipinfo support  may  have  been
       omitted when unzip was compiled.

	      Path  of	the  ZIP  archive(s).	If the file specification is a
	      wildcard,	each matching file is processed	in an order determined
	      by the operating system (or file system).	 Only the filename can
	      be a wildcard; the path itself cannot.  Wildcard expressions are
	      similar to Unix egrep(1) (regular) expressions and may contain:

	      *	     matches a sequence	of 0 or	more characters

	      ?	     matches exactly 1 character

	      [...]  matches  any  single character found inside the brackets;
		     ranges are	specified by a beginning character, a  hyphen,
		     and  an  ending  character.  If an	exclamation point or a
		     caret (`!'	or `^')	follows	the  left  bracket,  then  the
		     range  of	characters within the brackets is complemented
		     (that is,	anything  except  the  characters  inside  the
		     brackets  is  considered a	match).	 To specify a verbatim
		     left bracket, the three-character sequence	``[[]''	has to
		     be	used.

	      (Be  sure	 to quote any character	that might otherwise be	inter-
	      preted or	modified by the	operating system,  particularly	 under
	      Unix  and	 VMS.)	 If no matches are found, the specification is
	      assumed to be a literal filename;	and if that  also  fails,  the
	      suffix  .zip  is	appended.  Note	that self-extracting ZIP files
	      are supported, as	with any other ZIP archive; just  specify  the
	      .exe suffix (if any) explicitly.

	      An  optional  list of archive members to be processed, separated
	      by spaces.  (VMS versions	compiled with VMSCLI defined must  de-
	      limit  files  with  commas instead.)  Regular expressions	(wild-
	      cards) may be used to match multiple members; see	above.	Again,
	      be sure to quote expressions that	would otherwise	be expanded or
	      modified by the operating	system.

       [-x xfile(s)]
	      An optional list of archive members to be	excluded from process-

       -1     list  filenames  only,  one  per line.  This option excludes all
	      others;  headers,	 trailers  and	zipfile	 comments  are	 never
	      printed.	It is intended for use in Unix shell scripts.

       -2     list  filenames  only,  one  per	line,  but allow headers (-h),
	      trailers (-t) and	zipfile	comments (-z), as well.	  This	option
	      may  be  useful in cases where the stored	filenames are particu-
	      larly long.

       -s     list zipfile info	in short Unix ``ls -l''	format.	 This  is  the
	      default behavior;	see below.

       -m     list zipfile info	in medium Unix ``ls -l'' format.  Identical to
	      the -s output, except that the compression factor, expressed  as
	      a	percentage, is also listed.

       -l     list zipfile info	in long	Unix ``ls -l'' format.	As with	-m ex-
	      cept that	the compressed size (in	bytes) is printed  instead  of
	      the compression ratio.

       -v     list zipfile information in verbose, multi-page format.

       -h     list  header line.  The archive name, actual size	(in bytes) and
	      total number of files is printed.

       -M     pipe all output through an internal pager	similar	 to  the  Unix
	      more(1)  command.	  At the end of	a screenful of output, zipinfo
	      pauses with a ``--More--'' prompt; the  next  screenful  may  be
	      viewed  by  pressing  the	 Enter	(Return) key or	the space bar.
	      zipinfo can be terminated	by pressing the	``q'' key and, on some
	      systems, the Enter/Return	key.  Unlike Unix more(1), there is no
	      forward-searching	or editing capability.	Also, zipinfo  doesn't
	      notice if	long lines wrap	at the edge of the screen, effectively
	      resulting	in the printing	of two or more lines and  the  likeli-
	      hood that	some text will scroll off the top of the screen	before
	      being viewed.  On	some systems the number	of available lines  on
	      the  screen  is  not detected, in	which case zipinfo assumes the
	      height is	24 lines.

       -t     list totals for files listed or for all files.   The  number  of
	      files  listed,  their  uncompressed and compressed total sizes ,
	      and their	overall	compression factor is printed; or, if only the
	      totals  line is being printed, the values	for the	entire archive
	      are given.  The compressed total size does not  include  the  12
	      additional  header  bytes	of each	encrypted entry. Note that the
	      total compressed (data) size will	never match the	actual zipfile
	      size,  since  the	 latter	 includes  all of the internal zipfile
	      headers in addition to the compressed data.

       -T     print the	file dates and times  in  a  sortable  decimal	format
	      (yymmdd.hhmmss).	 The  default  date format is a	more standard,
	      human-readable version with abbreviated month names  (see	 exam-
	      ples below).

       -U     [UNICODE_SUPPORT	only]  modify or disable UTF-8 handling.  When
	      UNICODE_SUPPORT is available, the	option -U forces unzip to  es-
	      cape  all	 non-ASCII  characters	from  UTF-8 coded filenames as
	      ``#Uxxxx''.  This	option is mainly provided for  debugging  pur-
	      pose when	the fairly new UTF-8 support is	suspected to mangle up
	      extracted	filenames.

	      The option -UU allows to entirely	 disable  the  recognition  of
	      UTF-8  encoded  filenames.   The	handling  of  filename codings
	      within unzip falls back to the behaviour of previous versions.

       -z     include the archive comment (if any) in the listing.

       zipinfo has a number of modes, and its behavior can be rather difficult
       to  fathom  if  one isn't familiar with Unix ls(1) (or even if one is).
       The default behavior is to list files in	the following format:

  -rw-rws---  1.9 unx	 2802 t- defX 11-Aug-91	13:48 perms.2660

       The last	three fields are the modification date and time	of  the	 file,
       and  its	 name.	The case of the	filename is respected; thus files that
       come from MS-DOS	PKZIP are always capitalized.  If the file was	zipped
       with  a	stored	directory  name, that is also displayed	as part	of the

       The second and third fields indicate that the  file  was	 zipped	 under
       Unix  with version 1.9 of zip.  Since it	comes from Unix, the file per-
       missions	at the beginning of the	line are printed in Unix format.   The
       uncompressed file-size (2802 in this example) is	the fourth field.

       The fifth field consists	of two characters, either of which may take on
       several values.	The first character may	be either `t' or `b', indicat-
       ing  that zip believes the file to be text or binary, respectively; but
       if the file is encrypted, zipinfo notes this fact by  capitalizing  the
       character  (`T'	or  `B').   The	second character may also take on four
       values, depending on whether there is an	extended local	header	and/or
       an  ``extra  field''  associated	 with  the  file  (fully  explained in
       PKWare's	APPNOTE.TXT,  but  basically  analogous	 to  pragmas  in  ANSI
       C--i.e.,	 they  provide a standard way to include non-standard informa-
       tion in the archive).  If neither exists, the character will be	a  hy-
       phen  (`-');  if	 there is an extended local header but no extra	field,
       `l'; if the reverse, `x'; and if	both exist, `X'.   Thus	 the  file  in
       this  example is	(probably) a text file,	is not encrypted, and has nei-
       ther an extra field nor an extended local header	 associated  with  it.
       The  example below, on the other	hand, is an encrypted binary file with
       an extra	field:

  RWD,R,R     0.9 vms	  168 Bx shrk  9-Aug-91	19:15 perms.0644

       Extra fields are	used for various purposes (see discussion  of  the  -v
       option  below)  including  the storage of VMS file attributes, which is
       presumably the case here.  Note that the	file attributes	are listed  in
       VMS  format.   Some  other  possibilities for the host operating	system
       (which is actually a misnomer--host file	system is  more	 correct)  in-
       clude OS/2 or NT	with High Performance File System (HPFS), MS-DOS, OS/2
       or NT with File Allocation Table	 (FAT)	file  system,  and  Macintosh.
       These are denoted as follows:

  -rw-a--     1.0 hpf	 5358 Tl i4:3  4-Dec-91	11:33 longfilename.hpfs
  -r--ahs     1.1 fat	 4096 b- i4:2 14-Jul-91	12:58 EA DATA. SF
  --w-------  1.0 mac	17357 bx i8:2  4-May-92	04:02 unzip.macr

       File  attributes	 in  the  first	two cases are indicated	in a Unix-like
       format, where the seven subfields indicate whether the file:  (1) is  a
       directory,  (2) is readable (always true), (3) is writable, (4) is exe-
       cutable (guessed	on the basis of	the extension--.exe, .com, .bat,  .cmd
       and  .btm files are assumed to be so), (5) has its archive bit set, (6)
       is hidden, and (7) is a system file.  Interpretation of Macintosh  file
       attributes  is  unreliable because some Macintosh archivers don't store
       any attributes in the archive.

       Finally,	the sixth field	indicates the compression method and  possible
       sub-method  used.  There	are six	methods	known at present:  storing (no
       compression), reducing, shrinking, imploding,  tokenizing  (never  pub-
       licly  released), and deflating.	 In addition, there are	four levels of
       reducing	(1 through 4); four types of imploding (4K or 8K sliding  dic-
       tionary,	 and  2	or 3 Shannon-Fano trees); and four levels of deflating
       (superfast, fast, normal,  maximum  compression).   zipinfo  represents
       these  methods  and  their  sub-methods	as follows:  stor; re:1, re:2,
       etc.; shrk; i4:2, i8:3, etc.; tokn; and defS, defF, defN, and defX.

       The medium and long listings are	almost identical to the	 short	format
       except that they	add information	on the file's compression.  The	medium
       format lists the	file's compression factor as a	percentage  indicating
       the amount of space that	has been ``removed'':

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t- 81% defX 11-Aug-91 13:48 perms.2660

       In  this	example, the file has been compressed by more than a factor of
       five; the compressed data are only 19% of the original size.  The  long
       format gives the	compressed file's size in bytes, instead:

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t-     538 defX 11-Aug-91	13:48 perms.2660

       In  contrast to the unzip listings, the compressed size figures in this
       listing format denote the complete size of compressed  data,  including
       the 12 extra header bytes in case of encrypted entries.

       Adding the -T option changes the	file date and time to decimal format:

  -rw-rws---  1.5 unx	 2802 t-     538 defX 910811.134804 perms.2660

       Note  that  because  of	limitations in the MS-DOS format used to store
       file times, the seconds field is	always rounded	to  the	 nearest  even
       second.	 For  Unix  files this is expected to change in	the next major
       releases	of zip(1L) and unzip.

       In addition to individual file information, a default  zipfile  listing
       also includes header and	trailer	lines:

  Archive:   5453 bytes   5 files
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	  730 b- i4:3 26-Jun-92	23:40 Contents
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	 3710 b- i4:3 26-Jun-92	23:33 makefile.os2
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	 8753 b- i8:3 26-Jun-92	15:29 os2unzip.c
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	   98 b- stor 21-Aug-91	15:34 unzip.def
  ,,rw,	      1.0 hpf	   95 b- stor 21-Aug-91	17:51 zipinfo.def
  5 files, 13386 bytes uncompressed, 4951 bytes	compressed:  63.0%

       The  header line	gives the name of the archive, its total size, and the
       total number of files; the trailer gives	the number  of	files  listed,
       their total uncompressed	size, and their	total compressed size (not in-
       cluding any of zip's internal overhead).	  If,  however,	 one  or  more
       file(s)	are  provided,	the  header  and trailer lines are not listed.
       This behavior is	also similar to	that of	Unix's ``ls -l'';  it  may  be
       overridden  by  specifying the -h and -t	options	explicitly.  In	such a
       case the	listing	format must also be specified explicitly, since	-h  or
       -t  (or	both)  in  the	absence	of other options implies that ONLY the
       header or trailer line (or both)	is listed.  See	the  EXAMPLES  section
       below for a semi-intelligible translation of this nonsense.

       The  verbose  listing  is  mostly self-explanatory.  It also lists file
       comments	and the	zipfile	comment, if any, and the type  and  number  of
       bytes  in  any  stored  extra  fields.	Currently known	types of extra
       fields include PKWARE's authentication (``AV'') info; OS/2 extended at-
       tributes;  VMS filesystem info, both PKWARE and Info-ZIP	versions; Mac-
       intosh resource forks; Acorn/Archimedes SparkFS info; and so on.	 (Note
       that  in	 the case of OS/2 extended attributes--perhaps the most	common
       use of zipfile extra fields--the	size of	the stored EAs as reported  by
       zipinfo	may not	match the number given by OS/2's dir command: OS/2 al-
       ways reports the	number of bytes	required  in  16-bit  format,  whereas
       zipinfo always reports the 32-bit storage.)

       Again,  the  compressed	size figures of	the individual entries include
       the 12 extra header bytes for encrypted entries.	 In contrast, the  ar-
       chive  total compressed size and	the average compression	ratio shown in
       the summary bottom line are calculated  without	the  extra  12	header
       bytes of	encrypted entries.

       Modifying  zipinfo's default behavior via options placed	in an environ-
       ment variable can be a bit complicated to explain, due to zipinfo's at-
       tempts  to handle various defaults in an	intuitive, yet Unix-like, man-
       ner.  (Try not to  laugh.)   Nevertheless,  there  is  some  underlying
       logic.	In brief, there	are three ``priority levels'' of options:  the
       default options;	environment options, which can override	or add to  the
       defaults; and explicit options given by the user, which can override or
       add to either of	the above.

       The default listing format, as noted above, corresponds roughly to  the
       "zipinfo	 -hst"	command	 (except  when	individual zipfile members are
       specified).  A user who prefers the long-listing	format (-l)  can  make
       use of the zipinfo's environment	variable to change this	default:

       Unix Bourne shell:
	      ZIPINFO=-l; export ZIPINFO

       Unix C shell:
	      setenv ZIPINFO -l

       OS/2 or MS-DOS:
	      set ZIPINFO=-l

       VMS (quotes for lowercase):
	      define ZIPINFO_OPTS "-l"

       If,  in addition, the user dislikes the trailer line, zipinfo's concept
       of ``negative options'' may be used to override the  default  inclusion
       of  the	line.	This is	accomplished by	preceding the undesired	option
       with one	or more	minuses:  e.g.,	``-l-t'' or ``--tl'', in this example.
       The  first  hyphen  is the regular switch character, but	the one	before
       the `t' is a minus sign.	 The dual use of hyphens  may  seem  a	little
       awkward,	 but it's reasonably intuitive nonetheless:  simply ignore the
       first hyphen and	go from	there.	It is also consistent with the	behav-
       ior of the Unix command nice(1).

       As suggested above, the default variable	names are ZIPINFO_OPTS for VMS
       (where the symbol used to install zipinfo as a  foreign	command	 would
       otherwise  be  confused with the	environment variable), and ZIPINFO for
       all other operating systems.  For compatibility	with  zip(1L),	ZIPIN-
       FOOPT is	also accepted (don't ask).  If both ZIPINFO and	ZIPINFOOPT are
       defined,	however, ZIPINFO takes precedence.  unzip's diagnostic	option
       (-v  with  no zipfile name) can be used to check	the values of all four
       possible	unzip and zipinfo environment variables.

       To get a	basic, short-format listing of the complete contents of	a  ZIP
       archive,  with  both header	and totals lines, use only the
       archive name as an argument to zipinfo:

       zipinfo storage

       To produce a basic, long-format listing (not verbose), including	header
       and totals lines, use -l:

       zipinfo -l storage

       To  list	the complete contents of the archive without header and	totals
       lines, either negate the	-h and -t options or else specify the contents

       zipinfo --h-t storage
       zipinfo storage \*

       (where  the backslash is	required only if the shell would otherwise ex-
       pand the	`*' wildcard, as in Unix when globbing	is  turned  on--double
       quotes around the asterisk would	have worked as well).  To turn off the
       totals line by default, use the environment variable (C	shell  is  as-
       sumed here):

       setenv ZIPINFO --t
       zipinfo storage

       To get the full,	short-format listing of	the first example again, given
       that the	environment variable is	set as in the previous example,	it  is
       necessary  to  specify the -s option explicitly,	since the -t option by
       itself implies that ONLY	the footer line	is to be printed:

       setenv ZIPINFO --t
       zipinfo -t storage	     [only totals line]
       zipinfo -st storage	     [full listing]

       The -s option, like -m and -l, includes headers and footers by default,
       unless  otherwise  specified.  Since the	environment variable specified
       no footers and that has a higher	precedence than	the  default  behavior
       of -s, an explicit -t option was	necessary to produce the full listing.
       Nothing was indicated about the header, however,	so the -s  option  was
       sufficient.   Note  that	both the -h and	-t options, when used by them-
       selves or with each other,  override  any  default  listing  of	member
       files;  only  the  header  and/or footer	are printed.  This behavior is
       useful when zipinfo is used with	a wildcard zipfile specification;  the
       contents	of all zipfiles	are then summarized with a single command.

       To list information on a	single file within the archive,	in medium for-
       mat, specify the	filename explicitly:

       zipinfo -m storage unshrink.c

       The specification of any	member file, as	in this	example, will override
       the  default  header and	totals lines; only the single line of informa-
       tion about the requested	file will be  printed.	 This  is  intuitively
       what  one would expect when requesting information about	a single file.
       For multiple files, it is often useful to know the total	compressed and
       uncompressed size; in such cases	-t may be specified explicitly:

       zipinfo -mt storage "*.[ch]" Mak\*

       To  get	maximal	information about the ZIP archive, use the verbose op-
       tion.  It is usually wise to pipe the output into a filter such as Unix
       more(1) if the operating	system allows it:

       zipinfo -v storage | more

       Finally,	 to  see  the most recently modified files in the archive, use
       the -T option in	conjunction with an external sorting utility  such  as
       Unix sort(1) (and sed(1)	as well, in this example):

       zipinfo -T storage | sort -nr -k	7 | sed	15q

       The -nr option to sort(1) tells it to sort numerically in reverse order
       rather than in textual order, and the -k	7 option tells it to  sort  on
       the  seventh  field.  This assumes the default short-listing format; if
       -m or -l	is used, the proper sort(1) option would be -k 8.  Older  ver-
       sions of	sort(1)	do not support the -k option, but you can use the tra-
       ditional	+ option instead, e.g.,	+6 instead of -k 7.  The  sed(1)  com-
       mand filters out	all but	the first 15 lines of the listing.  Future re-
       leases of zipinfo may incorporate date/time  and	 filename  sorting  as
       built-in	options.

       The  author  finds  it  convenient to define an alias ii	for zipinfo on
       systems that allow aliases (or, on other	systems, copy/rename the  exe-
       cutable,	create a link or create	a command file with the	name ii).  The
       ii usage	parallels the common ll	alias for long listings	in  Unix,  and
       the similarity between the outputs of the two commands was intentional.

       As  with	 unzip,	zipinfo's -M (``more'')	option is overly simplistic in
       its handling of screen output; as noted above, it fails to  detect  the
       wrapping	 of  long  lines and may thereby cause lines at	the top	of the
       screen to be scrolled off before	being read.  zipinfo should detect and
       treat  each  occurrence	of  line-wrap  as one additional line printed.
       This requires knowledge of the screen's width as	well  as  its  height.
       In addition, zipinfo should detect the true screen geometry on all sys-

       zipinfo's listing-format	behavior is unnecessarily complex  and	should
       be simplified.  (This is	not to say that	it will	be.)

       ls(1), funzip(1L), unzip(1L), unzipsfx(1L), zip(1L), zipcloak(1L), zip-
       note(1L), zipsplit(1L)

       The Info-ZIP home page is currently at
       or .

       Greg ``Cave Newt'' Roelofs.  ZipInfo contains pattern-matching code  by
       Mark  Adler and fixes/improvements by many others.  Please refer	to the
       CONTRIBS	file in	the UnZip source  distribution	for  a	more  complete

Info-ZIP		     20	April 2009 (v3.0)		   ZIPINFO(1L)


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