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XTERM(1)		    General Commands Manual		      XTERM(1)

NAME
       xterm - terminal	emulator for X

SYNOPSIS
       xterm [-toolkitoption ...] [-option ...]	[shell]

DESCRIPTION
       The  xterm  program is a	terminal emulator for the X Window System.  It
       provides	DEC VT102/VT220	(VTxxx)	and Tektronix 4014  compatible	termi-
       nals  for  programs that	cannot use the window system directly.	If the
       underlying operating system  supports  terminal	resizing  capabilities
       (for  example,  the  SIGWINCH  signal  in systems derived from 4.3bsd),
       xterm will use the facilities to	notify programs	running	in the	window
       whenever	it is resized.

       The  VTxxx  and	Tektronix 4014 terminals each have their own window so
       that you	can edit text in one and look at graphics in the other at  the
       same  time.   To	maintain the correct aspect ratio (height/width), Tek-
       tronix graphics will be restricted to the largest box with a 4014's as-
       pect ratio that will fit	in the window.	This box is located in the up-
       per left	area of	the window.

       Although	both windows may be displayed at the same time,	one of them is
       considered  the ``active'' window for receiving keyboard	input and ter-
       minal output.  This is the window that contains the text	 cursor.   The
       active  window  can  be	chosen	through	escape sequences, the ``VT Op-
       tions'' menu in the VTxxx window, and the ``Tek Options'' menu  in  the
       4014 window.

EMULATIONS
       The  VT102  emulation  is fairly	complete, but does not support autore-
       peat.  Double-size characters  are  displayed  properly	if  your  font
       server  supports	 scalable fonts.  The VT220 emulation does not support
       soft fonts, it is otherwise complete.   Termcap(5)  entries  that  work
       with  xterm  include  an	 optional  platform-specific entry, ``xterm,''
       ``vt102,'' ``vt100'' and	``ansi,'' and ``dumb.''	  xterm	 automatically
       searches	the termcap file in this order for these entries and then sets
       the ``TERM'' and	the ``TERMCAP''	environment variables.	You  may  also
       use  ``vt220,''	 but  must  set	 the terminal emulation	level with the
       decTerminalID resource.	(The ``TERMCAP'' environment variable  is  not
       set  if xterm is	linked against a terminfo library, since the requisite
       information is not provided by the termcap emulation  of	 terminfo  li-
       braries).

       Many  of	 the special xterm features may	be modified under program con-
       trol through a set of escape  sequences	different  from	 the  standard
       VT102 escape sequences.	(See the Xterm Control Sequences document.)

       The  Tektronix  4014 emulation is also fairly good.  It supports	12-bit
       graphics	addressing, scaled to the window size.	 Four  different  font
       sizes and five different	lines types are	supported.  There is no	write-
       through or defocused mode support.  The	Tektronix  text	 and  graphics
       commands	 are recorded internally by xterm and may be written to	a file
       by sending the COPY escape sequence (or through the Tektronix menu; see
       below).	 The  name  of	the  file will be ``COPYyyyy-MM-dd.hh:mm:ss'',
       where yyyy, MM, dd, hh, mm and ss  are  the  year,  month,  day,	 hour,
       minute  and  second when	the COPY was performed (the file is created in
       the directory xterm is started in, or the home directory	 for  a	 login
       xterm).

       Not all of the features described in this manual	are necessarily	avail-
       able in this version of xterm.  Some (e.g., the	non-VT220  extensions)
       are  available only if they were	compiled in, though the	most commonly-
       used are	in the default configuration.

OTHER FEATURES
       Xterm automatically highlights the text cursor when the pointer	enters
       the  window  (selected) and unhighlights	it when	the pointer leaves the
       window (unselected).  If	the window is the focus	window,	then the  text
       cursor is highlighted no	matter where the pointer is.

       In VT102	mode, there are	escape sequences to activate and deactivate an
       alternate screen	buffer,	which is the same size as the display area  of
       the  window.   When activated, the current screen is saved and replaced
       with the	alternate screen.  Saving of lines scrolled off	the top	of the
       window is disabled until	the normal screen is restored.	The termcap(5)
       entry for xterm allows the visual editor	vi(1) to switch	to the	alter-
       nate  screen  for  editing  and to restore the screen on	exit.  A popup
       menu entry makes	it simple to switch between the	normal	and  alternate
       screens for cut and paste.

       In either VT102 or Tektronix mode, there	are escape sequences to	change
       the name	of the windows.	 Additionally, in VT102	mode, xterm implements
       the window-manipulation control sequences from dtterm, such as resizing
       the window, setting its location	on the screen.

       Xterm allows character-based applications to receive mouse events (cur-
       rently  button-press  and  release events, and button-motion events) as
       keyboard	control	sequences.  See	Xterm Control Sequences	for details.

OPTIONS
       The xterm terminal emulator accepts the standard	X Toolkit command line
       options	as  well  as many application-specific options.	 If the	option
       begins with a `+' instead of a `-', the option is restored to  its  de-
       fault  value.   The  -version and -help options are interpreted even if
       xterm cannot open the display, and are useful for testing and  configu-
       ration scripts:

       -version
	       This  causes  xterm  to	print a	version	number to the standard
	       output.

       -help   This causes xterm to print out a	verbose	message	describing its
	       options,	 one per line.	The message is written to the standard
	       output.	Xterm generates	this message, sorting  it  and	noting
	       whether a "-option" or a	"+option" turns	the feature on or off,
	       since some features historically	have been one  or  the	other.
	       Xterm  generates	 a  concise help message (multiple options per
	       line) when an unknown option is used, e.g.,
		    xterm -z

	       If the logic for	a particular option such  as  logging  is  not
	       compiled	 into xterm, the help text for that option also	is not
	       displayed by the	-help option.

       One parameter (after all	options) may be	given.	That overrides xterm's
       built-in	 choice	 of  shell  program.   Normally	xterm checks the SHELL
       variable.  If that is not set, xterm tries to  use  the	shell  program
       specified  in  the  password  file.   If	 that  is  not set, xterm uses
       /bin/sh.	 If the	parameter names	an executable file,  xterm  uses  that
       instead.	  The parameter	must be	an absolute path, or name a file found
       on the user's PATH (and thereby construct an absolute  path).   The  -e
       option  cannot be used with this	parameter since	it uses	all parameters
       following the option.

       The other options are used to control the appearance and	behavior.  Not
       all options are necessarily configured into your	copy of	xterm:

       -132    Normally,  the  VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence that switches be-
	       tween 80	and 132	column mode is ignored.	  This	option	causes
	       the  DECCOLM  escape  sequence  to be recognized, and the xterm
	       window will resize appropriately.

       -ah     This option indicates that xterm	should	always	highlight  the
	       text cursor.  By	default, xterm will display a hollow text cur-
	       sor whenever the	focus is lost or the pointer leaves  the  win-
	       dow.

       +ah     This  option  indicates	that xterm should do text cursor high-
	       lighting	based on focus.

       -ai     This option disables active icon	support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to ``false''.

       +ai     This option enables active icon support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to ``true''.

       -aw     This option indicates that auto-wraparound should  be  allowed.
	       This  allows  the cursor	to automatically wrap to the beginning
	       of the next line	when it	is at the rightmost position of	a line
	       and text	is output.

       +aw     This  option  indicates	that auto-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -b number
	       This option specifies the size of the inner  border  (the  dis-
	       tance  between  the outer edge of the characters	and the	window
	       border) in pixels.  That	is the vt100 internalBorder  resource.
	       The default is 2.

       +bc     turn  off text cursor blinking.	This overrides the cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bc     turn on text cursor blinking.  This overrides  the  cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bcf milliseconds
	       set the amount of time text cursor is off when blinking via the
	       cursorOffTime resource.

       -bcn milliseconds
	       set the amount of time text cursor is on	when blinking via  the
	       cursorOffTime resource.

       -bdc    Set  the	vt100 resource colorBDMode to ``false'', disabling the
	       display of characters with bold attribute as color

       +bdc    Set the vt100 resource colorBDMode to  ``true'',	 enabling  the
	       display	of characters with bold	attribute as color rather than
	       bold

       -cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to ``false''.

       +cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to ``true''.

       -cc characterclassrange:value[,...]
	       This sets classes indicated by the given	ranges	for  using  in
	       selecting  by  words.   See  the	 section  specifying character
	       classes.	 and discussion	of the charClass resource.

       -cjk_width
	       Set the cjkWidth	resource to ``true''.  When turned on, charac-
	       ters  with  East	 Asian Ambiguous (A) category in UTR 11	have a
	       column width of 2.  Otherwise, they have	a column width	of  1.
	       This may	be useful for some legacy CJK text terminal-based pro-
	       grams assuming box drawings and others to have a	 column	 width
	       of  2.  It also should be turned	on when	you specify a TrueType
	       CJK double-width	(bi-width/monospace) font either with  -fa  at
	       the   command  line  or	faceName  resource.   The  default  is
	       ``false''

       +cjk_width
	       Reset the cjkWidth resource.

       -class string
	       This option allows you  to  override  xterm's  resource	class.
	       Normally	 it is ``XTerm'', but can be set to another class such
	       as ``UXTerm'' to	override selected resources.

       -cm     This option disables recognition	of  ANSI  color-change	escape
	       sequences.  It sets the colorMode resource to ``false''.

       +cm     This option enables recognition of ANSI color-change escape se-
	       quences.	 This is the same as the vt100 resource	colorMode.

       -cn     This option indicates that newlines should not be cut in	 line-
	       mode selections.	 It sets the cutNewline	resource to ``false''.

       +cn     This  option indicates that newlines should be cut in line-mode
	       selections.  It sets the	cutNewline resource to ``true''.

       -cr color
	       This option specifies the color to use for  text	 cursor.   The
	       default	is  to	use the	same foreground	color that is used for
	       text.  It sets the cursorColor resource according to the	param-
	       eter.

       -cu     This  option  indicates	that xterm should work around a	bug in
	       the more(1) program that	causes it to incorrectly display lines
	       that  are exactly the width of the window and are followed by a
	       line beginning with a tab (the leading tabs are not displayed).
	       This option is so named because it was originally thought to be
	       a bug in	the curses(3x) cursor motion package.

       +cu     This option indicates that xterm	should	not  work  around  the
	       more(1) bug mentioned above.

       -dc     This option disables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors: the	vt100 foreground and background	colors,	its text  cur-
	       sor color, the pointer cursor foreground	and background colors,
	       the Tektronix emulator foreground and  background  colors,  its
	       text cursor color and highlight color.  The option sets the dy-
	       namicColors option to ``false''.

       +dc     This option enables the escape sequence to change dynamic  col-
	       ors.  The option	sets the dynamicColors option to ``true''.

       -e program [ arguments ... ]
	       This  option  specifies the program (and	its command line argu-
	       ments) to be run	in the xterm window.  It also sets the	window
	       title and icon name to be the basename of the program being ex-
	       ecuted if neither -T nor	-n are	given  on  the	command	 line.
	       This must be the	last option on the command line.

       -en encoding
	       This  option  determines	 the encoding on which xterm runs.  It
	       sets the	locale resource.  Encodings other than UTF-8 are  sup-
	       ported by using luit.  The -lc option should be used instead of
	       -en for systems with locale support.

       -fb font
	       This option specifies a font to be used	when  displaying  bold
	       text.   This font must be the same height and width as the nor-
	       mal font.  If only one of the normal or bold  fonts  is	speci-
	       fied, it	will be	used as	the normal font	and the	bold font will
	       be produced by overstriking this	font.  The default  is	to  do
	       overstriking  of	 the  normal font.  See	also the discussion of
	       boldFont, boldMode and alwaysBoldMode resources.

       -fa pattern
	       This option sets	 the  pattern  for  fonts  selected  from  the
	       FreeType	 library if support for	that library was compiled into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceName	resource.  When	a  CJK
	       double-width  font  is  specified, you also need	to turn	on the
	       cjkWidth	resource.  See also  the  renderFont  resource,	 which
	       combines	with this to determine whether FreeType	fonts are ini-
	       tially active.

       -fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should compare normal and bold
	       fonts  bounding	boxes  to ensure they are compatible.  It sets
	       the freeBoldBox resource	to ``false''.

       +fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should not compare normal  and
	       bold  fonts  bounding  boxes to ensure they are compatible.  It
	       sets the	freeBoldBox resource to	``true''.

       -fbx    This option indicates that xterm	should	not  assume  that  the
	       normal  and  bold fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.  If
	       any are missing,	xterm will draw	the characters	directly.   It
	       sets the	forceBoxChars resource to ``false''.

       +fbx    This  option indicates that xterm should	assume that the	normal
	       and bold	fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.  It sets the
	       forceBoxChars resource to ``true''.

       -fd pattern
	       This  option  sets  the pattern for double-width	fonts selected
	       from the	FreeType library if support for	that library was  com-
	       piled  into  xterm.  This corresponds to	the faceNameDoublesize
	       resource.

       -fi font
	       This option sets	the font for active icons if that feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  See also	the discussion of the iconFont
	       resource.

       -fs size
	       This option sets	the pointsize  for  fonts  selected  from  the
	       FreeType	 library if support for	that library was compiled into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceSize	resource.

       -fw font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  wide
	       text.   By default, it will attempt to use a font twice as wide
	       as the font that	will be	used to	draw normal text.  If no  dou-
	       blewidth	 font  is  found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       normal font.  This corresponds to the wideFont resource.

       -fwb font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  bold
	       wide  text.  By default,	it will	attempt	to use a font twice as
	       wide as the font	that will be used to draw bold	text.	If  no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.  This	corresponds to the wideBoldFont	resource.

       -fx font
	       This option specifies the font to be used  for  displaying  the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.  See also the
	       discussion of the ximFont resource.

       -hc color
	       (see -selbg).

       -hf     This option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.	It sets	the hpFunctionKeys re-
	       source to ``true''.

       +hf     This option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       not be generated	for function keys.  It sets the	hpFunctionKeys
	       resource	to ``false''.

       -hm     Tells xterm to use  highlightTextColor  and  highlightColor  to
	       override	 the reversed foreground/background colors in a	selec-
	       tion.  It sets the highlightColorMode resource to ``true''.

       +hm     Tells xterm not to use highlightTextColor and highlightColor to
	       override	 the reversed foreground/background colors in a	selec-
	       tion.  It sets the highlightColorMode resource to ``false''.

       -hold   Turn on the hold	resource, i.e.,	xterm will not immediately de-
	       stroy  its  window  when	 the shell command completes.  It will
	       wait until you use the window manager to	destroy/kill the  win-
	       dow,  or	 if you	use the	menu entries that send a signal, e.g.,
	       HUP or KILL.

       +hold   Turn off	the hold resource, i.e., xterm	will  immediately  de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell command completes.

       -ie     Turn on the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., use the pseudo-ter-
	       minal's sense of	the stty erase value.

       +ie     Turn off	the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., set	the stty erase
	       value  using  the  kb string from the termcap entry as a	refer-
	       ence, if	available.

       -im     Turn on the useInsertMode resource, which forces	use of	insert
	       mode  by	 adding	appropriate entries to the TERMCAP environment
	       variable.

       +im     Turn off	the useInsertMode resource.

       -into windowId
	       Given an	X window identifier (a decimal	integer),  xterm  will
	       reparent	 its  top-level	 shell widget to that window.  This is
	       used to embed xterm within other	applications.

       -j      This option indicates that xterm	should do jump scrolling.   It
	       corresponds  to	the  jumpScroll	 resource.   Normally, text is
	       scrolled	one line at a time; this option	allows xterm  to  move
	       multiple	 lines	at  a time so that it does not fall as far be-
	       hind.  Its use is strongly recommended  since  it  makes	 xterm
	       much  faster  when scanning through large amounts of text.  The
	       VT100 escape sequences for enabling and disabling smooth	scroll
	       as  well	 as  the  ``VT Options'' menu can be used to turn this
	       feature on or off.

       +j      This option indicates that xterm	should not do jump scrolling.

       -k8     This option  sets  the  allowC1Printable	 resource.   When  al-
	       lowC1Printable  is  set,	xterm overrides	the mapping of C1 con-
	       trol characters (code 128-159) to treat them as printable.

       +k8     This option resets the allowC1Printable resource.

       -kt keyboardtype
	       This option sets	the keyboardType  resource.   Possible	values
	       include:	 ``unknown'',  ``default'',  ``hp'', ``sco'', ``sun'',
	       ``tcap''	and ``vt220''.

	       The value ``unknown'', causes the corresponding resource	to  be
	       ignored.

	       The  value ``default'', suppresses the associated resources hp-
	       FunctionKeys, scoFunctionKeys,  sunFunctionKeys,	 tcapFunction-
	       Keys and	sunKeyboard, using the Sun/PC keyboard layout.

       -l      Turn logging on.	 Normally logging is not supported, due	to se-
	       curity concerns.	 Some versions of xterm	may have  logging  en-
	       abled.	The  logfile  is  written  to the directory from which
	       xterm is	invoked.  The filename is generated, of	the form

		    XtermLog.XXXXXX

	       or

		    Xterm.log.hostname.yyyy.mm.dd.hh.mm.ss.XXXXXX

	       depending on how	xterm was built.

       +l      Turn logging off.

       -lc     Turn on support of various encodings according  to  the	users'
	       locale  setting,	 i.e.,	LC_ALL,	 LC_CTYPE, or LANG environment
	       variables.  This	is achieved by turning on UTF-8	 mode  and  by
	       invoking	 luit  for  conversion	between	 locale	 encodings and
	       UTF-8.  (luit is	not invoked in UTF-8  locales.)	  This	corre-
	       sponds to the locale resource.

	       The  actual list	of encodings which are supported is determined
	       by luit.	 Consult the luit manual  page	for  further  details.
	       See  also the discussion	of the -u8 option which	supports UTF-8
	       locales.

       +lc     Turn off	support	of automatic selection	of  locale  encodings.
	       Conventional 8bit mode or, in UTF-8 locales or with -u8 option,
	       UTF-8 mode will be used.

       -lcc path
	       File name for the encoding converter from/to  locale  encodings
	       and  UTF-8  which  is  used with	-lc option or locale resource.
	       This corresponds	to the localeFilter resource.

       -leftbar
	       Force scrollbar to the left side	of VT100 screen.  This is  the
	       default,	unless you have	set the	rightScrollBar resource.

       -lf filename
	       Specify the log-filename.  See the -l option.

       -ls     This  option  indicates	that  the shell	that is	started	in the
	       xterm window will be a login shell (i.e., the  first  character
	       of  argv[0]  will  be  a	 dash, indicating to the shell that it
	       should read the user's .login or	.profile).

	       The -ls flag and	the loginShell resource	are ignored if	-e  is
	       also  given,  because xterm does	not know how to	make the shell
	       start the given command after whatever it does when it is a lo-
	       gin  shell  -  the  user's shell	of choice need not be a	Bourne
	       shell after all.	 Also, xterm -e	is supposed to provide a  con-
	       sistent functionality for other applications that need to start
	       text-mode programs in a window, and if loginShell were not  ig-
	       nored, the result of ~/.profile might interfere with that.

	       If you do want the effect of -ls	and -e simultaneously, you may
	       get away	with something like
		      xterm -e /bin/bash -l -c "my command here"

	       Finally,	-ls is not completely  ignored,	 because  xterm	-ls -e
	       does  write a /etc/wtmp entry (if configured to do so), whereas
	       xterm -e	does not.

       +ls     This option indicates that the shell that is started should not
	       be a login shell	(i.e., it will be a normal ``subshell'').

       -mb     This option indicates that xterm	should ring a margin bell when
	       the user	types near the right end of a line.  This  option  can
	       be turned on and	off from the ``VT Options'' menu.

       +mb     This option indicates that margin bell should not be rung.

       -mc milliseconds
	       This  option specifies the maximum time between multi-click se-
	       lections.

       -mesg   Turn off	the messages resource, i.e., disallow write access  to
	       the terminal.

       +mesg   Turn  on	the messages resource, i.e., allow write access	to the
	       terminal.

       -mk_width
	       Set the mkWidth resource	to ``true''.  This makes xterm	use  a
	       built-in	 version of the	wide-character width calculation.  The
	       default is ``false''

       +mk_width
	       Reset the mkWidth resource.

       -ms color
	       This option specifies the color to be used for the pointer cur-
	       sor.   The  default  is to use the foreground color.  This sets
	       the pointerColor	resource.

       -nb number
	       This option specifies the number	of characters from  the	 right
	       end  of a line at which the margin bell,	if enabled, will ring.
	       The default is 10.

       -nul    This option disables the	display	of underlining.

       +nul    This option enables the display of underlining.

       -pc     This option enables the PC-style	use of bold colors (see	 bold-
	       Colors resource).

       +pc     This option disables the	PC-style use of	bold colors.

       -pob    This option indicates that the window should be raised whenever
	       a Control-G is received.

       +pob    This option indicates that the  window  should  not  be	raised
	       whenever	a Control-G is received.

       -rightbar
	       Force scrollbar to the right side of VT100 screen.

       -rvc    This option disables the	display	of characters with reverse at-
	       tribute as color.

       +rvc    This option enables the display of characters with reverse  at-
	       tribute as color.

       -rw     This  option  indicates	that  reverse-wraparound should	be al-
	       lowed.  This allows the cursor to back  up  from	 the  leftmost
	       column  of  one	line  to  the rightmost	column of the previous
	       line.  This is very useful for editing long shell command lines
	       and  is	encouraged.  This option can be	turned on and off from
	       the ``VT	Options'' menu.

       +rw     This option indicates that reverse-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -s      This  option  indicates	that  xterm may	scroll asynchronously,
	       meaning that the	screen does not	have to	be kept	completely  up
	       to  date	while scrolling.  This allows xterm to run faster when
	       network latencies are very high and is  typically  useful  when
	       running across a	very large internet or many gateways.

       +s      This option indicates that xterm	should scroll synchronously.

       -samename
	       Does  not send title and	icon name change requests when the re-
	       quest would have	no effect: the name is not changed.  This  has
	       the advantage of	preventing flicker and the disadvantage	of re-
	       quiring an extra	round trip to the server to find out the  pre-
	       vious value.  In	practice this should never be a	problem.

       +samename
	       Always send title and icon name change requests.

       -sb     This  option  indicates	that  some  number  of	lines that are
	       scrolled	off the	top of the window should be saved and  that  a
	       scrollbar  should  be  displayed	 so  that  those  lines	can be
	       viewed.	This option may	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +sb     This option indicates that a scrollbar should not be displayed.

       -selbg color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       selected	text.  If not specified, reverse video is  used.   See
	       the discussion of the highlightColor resource.

       -selfg color
	       This  option  specifies the color to use	for selected text.  If
	       not specified, reverse video is used.  See  the	discussion  of
	       the highlightTextColor resource.

       -sf     This option indicates that Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +sf     This option indicates that the standard escape codes should  be
	       generated for function keys.

       -si     This  option indicates that output to a window should not auto-
	       matically reposition the	screen to the bottom of	the  scrolling
	       region.	This option can	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +si     This option indicates that output to a window should  cause  it
	       to scroll to the	bottom.

       -sk     This  option  indicates	that  pressing	a  key while using the
	       scrollbar to review previous lines of  text  should  cause  the
	       window  to be repositioned automatically	in the normal position
	       at the bottom of	the scroll region.

       +sk     This option indicates that  pressing  a	key  while  using  the
	       scrollbar should	not cause the window to	be repositioned.

       -sl number
	       This  option  specifies	the  number of lines to	save that have
	       been scrolled off the top of the	screen.	 This  corresponds  to
	       the saveLines resource.	The default is 64.

       -sm     This  option,  corresponding  to	the sessionMgt resource, indi-
	       cates that xterm	should set up session manager callbacks.

       +sm     This option indicates that xterm	should not set up session man-
	       ager callbacks.

       -sp     This  option  indicates that Sun/PC keyboard should be assumed,
	       providing mapping for keypad `+'	to `,',	and  CTRL-F1  to  F13,
	       CTRL-F2 to F14, etc.

       +sp     This  option indicates that the standard	escape codes should be
	       generated for keypad and	function keys.

       -t      This option indicates that  xterm  should  start	 in  Tektronix
	       mode,  rather  than  in	VT102 mode.  Switching between the two
	       windows is done using the ``Options''  menus.   Termcap(5)  en-
	       tries   that   work   with   xterm   ``tek4014,''  ``tek4015,''
	       ``tek4012'', ``tek4013''	and ``tek4010,'' and ``dumb.''	 xterm
	       automatically searches the termcap file in this order for these
	       entries and then	sets the ``TERM'' and the ``TERMCAP'' environ-
	       ment variables.

       +t      This option indicates that xterm	should start in	VT102 mode.

       -tb     This  option,  corresponding to the toolBar resource, indicates
	       that xterm should display a toolbar (or menubar)	at the top  of
	       its window.  The	buttons	in the toolbar correspond to the popup
	       menus, e.g., control/left/mouse for "Main Options".

       +tb     This option indicates that xterm	should not set up a toolbar.

       -ti term_id
	       Specify the name	used by	xterm to select	the  correct  response
	       to terminal ID queries.	It also	specifies the emulation	level,
	       used to determine the type of response  to  a  DA  control  se-
	       quence.	 Valid	values	include	vt52, vt100, vt101, vt102, and
	       vt220 (the "vt" is  optional).	The  default  is  vt100.   The
	       term_id	argument  specifies  the terminal ID to	use.  (This is
	       the same	as the decTerminalID resource).

       -tm string
	       This option specifies a series  of  terminal  setting  keywords
	       followed	 by the	characters that	should be bound	to those func-
	       tions, similar to the stty program.   The  keywords  and	 their
	       values are described in detail in the ttyModes resource.

       -tn name
	       This  option  specifies the name	of the terminal	type to	be set
	       in the  TERM  environment  variable.   It  corresponds  to  the
	       termName	resource.  This	terminal type must exist in the	termi-
	       nal database (termcap or	terminfo, depending on	how  xterm  is
	       built)  and  should  have li# and co# entries.  If the terminal
	       type is not found, xterm	 uses  the  built-in  list  ``xterm'',
	       ``vt102'', etc.

       -u8     This  option  sets  the utf8 resource.  When utf8 is set, xterm
	       interprets incoming data	as UTF-8.  This	sets the wideChars re-
	       source  as a side-effect, but the UTF-8 mode set	by this	option
	       prevents	it from	being turned off.  If you must turn it on  and
	       off, use	the wideChars resource.

	       This option and the utf8	resource are overridden	by the -lc and
	       -en options and locale resource.	 That is, if  xterm  has  been
	       compiled	 to  support  luit,  and  the  locale  resource	is not
	       ``false'' this option is	ignored.  We recommend using  the  -lc
	       option  or  the ``locale: true''	resource in UTF-8 locales when
	       your operating system supports locale, or -en UTF-8  option  or
	       the  ``locale: UTF-8'' resource when your operating system does
	       not support locale.

       +u8     This option resets the utf8 resource.

       -ulc    This option disables the	display	of characters  with  underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       +ulc    This  option  enables  the display of characters	with underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       -ulit   This option, corresponding to the italicULMode  resource,  dis-
	       ables  the  display  of	characters with	underline attribute as
	       italics rather than with	underlining.

       +ulit   This option, corresponding to the  italicULMode	resource,  en-
	       ables  the  display  of	characters with	underline attribute as
	       italics rather than with	underlining.

       -ut     This option indicates that xterm	should not write a record into
	       the the system utmp log file.

       +ut     This option indicates that xterm	should write a record into the
	       system utmp log file.

       -vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	is preferred  over  an
	       audible	one.   Instead of ringing the terminal bell whenever a
	       Control-G is received, the window will be flashed.

       +vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	should not be used.

       -wc     This option sets	the wideChars  resource.   When	 wideChars  is
	       set, xterm maintains internal structures	for 16-bit characters.
	       If you do not set this resource to ``true'', xterm will	ignore
	       the escape sequence which turns UTF-8 mode on and off.  The de-
	       fault is	``false''.

       +wc     This option resets the wideChars	resource.

       -wf     This option indicates that xterm	should wait for	the window  to
	       be mapped the first time	before starting	the subprocess so that
	       the initial terminal size settings  and	environment  variables
	       are  correct.   It is the application's responsibility to catch
	       subsequent terminal size	changes.

       +wf     This option indicates that xterm	should not wait	before	start-
	       ing the subprocess.

       -ziconbeep percent
	       Same  as	 zIconBeep  resource.	If percent is non-zero,	xterms
	       that produce output while iconified will	cause an  XBell	 sound
	       at  the given volume and	have "***" prepended to	their icon ti-
	       tles.  Most window managers will	 detect	 this  change  immedi-
	       ately,  showing	you  which  window has the output.  (A similar
	       feature was in x10 xterm.)

       -C      This option indicates that this window should  receive  console
	       output.	 This is not supported on all systems.	To obtain con-
	       sole output, you	must be	the owner of the console  device,  and
	       you  must  have	read  and write	permission for it.  If you are
	       running X under xdm on the console screen you may need to  have
	       the  session  startup  and reset	programs explicitly change the
	       ownership of the	console	device in order	to get this option  to
	       work.

       -Sccn   This  option  allows  xterm  to	be used	as an input and	output
	       channel for an existing program and is sometimes	used  in  spe-
	       cialized	applications.  The option value	specifies the last few
	       letters of the name of a	pseudo-terminal	to use in slave	 mode,
	       plus  the  number of the	inherited file descriptor.  If the op-
	       tion contains a ``/'' character,	that delimits  the  characters
	       used  for  the  pseudo-terminal	name from the file descriptor.
	       Otherwise, exactly two characters are used from the option  for
	       the pseudo-terminal name, the remainder is the file descriptor.
	       Examples:
		      -S123/45
		      -Sab34

	       Note that xterm does not	close any file descriptor which	it did
	       not  open for its own use.  It is possible (though probably not
	       portable) to have an application	which passes an	open file  de-
	       scriptor	down to	xterm past the initialization or the -S	option
	       to a process running in the xterm.

       The following command line arguments  are  provided  for	 compatibility
       with  older versions.  They may not be supported	in the next release as
       the X Toolkit provides standard options that accomplish the same	task.

       %geom   This option specifies the preferred size	and  position  of  the
	       Tektronix window.  It is	shorthand for specifying the ``*tekGe-
	       ometry''	resource.

	#geom  This option specifies the preferred position of the  icon  win-
	       dow.   It is shorthand for specifying the ``*iconGeometry'' re-
	       source.

       -T string
	       This option specifies the title for  xterm's  windows.	It  is
	       equivalent to -title.

       -n string
	       This option specifies the icon name for xterm's windows.	 It is
	       shorthand for specifying	the ``*iconName'' resource.  Note that
	       this  is	 not the same as the toolkit option -name (see below).
	       The default icon	name is	the application	name.

       -r      This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	 the  foreground and background	colors.	 It is equiva-
	       lent to -rv.

       -w number
	       This option specifies the width in pixels of  the  border  sur-
	       rounding	the window.  It	is equivalent to -borderwidth or -bw.

       The  following  standard	 X Toolkit command line	arguments are commonly
       used with xterm:

       -bd color
	       This option specifies the color to use for the  border  of  the
	       window.	 xterm	uses  the  X Toolkit default, which is ``XtDe-
	       faultForeground''.

       -bg color
	       This option specifies the color to use for  the	background  of
	       the window.  The	default	is ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       -bw number
	       This  option  specifies	the width in pixels of the border sur-
	       rounding	the window.

	       This appears to be a legacy of older X releases.	 It  sets  the
	       borderWidth  resource  of the shell widget, and may provide ad-
	       vice to your window manager to set the thickness	of the	window
	       frame.	Most window managers do	not use	this information.  See
	       the -b option, which controls the inner	border	of  the	 xterm
	       window.

       -display	display
	       This option specifies the X server to contact; see X().

       -fg color
	       This  option  specifies	the  color to use for displaying text.
	       The default is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       -fn font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for displaying	normal
	       text.  The default is fixed.

       -font font
	       This is the same	as -fn.

       -geometry geometry
	       This  option  specifies	the preferred size and position	of the
	       VT102 window; see X().

       -iconic This option indicates that xterm	should ask the window  manager
	       to start	it as an icon rather than as the normal	window.

       -name name
	       This  option  specifies	the  application  name under which re-
	       sources are to be obtained, rather than the default  executable
	       file name.  Name	should not contain ``.'' or ``*'' characters.

       -rv     This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	the foreground and background colors.

       +rv     Disable the simulation of reverse video by swapping  foreground
	       and background colors.

       -title string
	       This  option  specifies	the  window title string, which	may be
	       displayed by window managers if the user	so chooses.   The  de-
	       fault  title is the command line	specified after	the -e option,
	       if any, otherwise the application name.

       -xrm resourcestring
	       This option specifies a resource	string to be  used.   This  is
	       especially  useful for setting resources	that do	not have sepa-
	       rate command line options.

RESOURCES
       The program understands all of the core X Toolkit  resource  names  and
       classes.	 Application specific resources	(e.g., "XTerm.NAME") follow:

       backarrowKeyIsErase (class BackarrowKeyIsErase)
	       Tie  the	 VTxxx	backarrowKey and ptyInitialErase resources to-
	       gether by setting the DECBKM state  according  to  whether  the
	       initial	value of stty erase is a backspace (8) or delete (127)
	       character.  The default is ``false'', which disables this  fea-
	       ture.

       hold (class Hold)
	       If true,	xterm will not immediately destroy its window when the
	       shell command completes.	 It will wait until you	use the	window
	       manager	to destroy/kill	the window, or if you use the menu en-
	       tries that send a signal, e.g., HUP or KILL.   You  may	scroll
	       back,  select text, etc., to perform most graphical operations.
	       Resizing	the display will lose data, however,  since  this  in-
	       volves interaction with the shell which is no longer running.

       hpFunctionKeys (class HpFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	HP Function Key	escape codes should be
	       generated for function keys  instead  of	 standard  escape  se-
	       quences.	 See also the keyboardType resource.

       iconGeometry (class IconGeometry)
	       Specifies  the  preferred  size and position of the application
	       when iconified.	It is not necessarily  obeyed  by  all	window
	       managers.

       iconName	(class IconName)
	       Specifies the icon name.	 The default is	the application	name.

       keyboardType (class KeyboardType)
	       Enables	one  (or none) of the various keyboard-type resources:
	       hpFunctionKeys, scoFunctionKeys,	sunFunctionKeys, tcapFunction-
	       Keys  and  sunKeyboard.	 The resource's	value should be	one of
	       the corresponding strings ``hp'', ``sco'', ``sun'', ``tcap'' or
	       ``vt220''.   The	 individual  resources are provided for	legacy
	       support;	this resource is simpler to use.

       maxBufSize (class MaxBufSize)
	       Specify the maximum size	of the input buffer.  The  default  is
	       32768.  You cannot set this to a	value less than	the minBufSize
	       resource.  It will be increased as needed to  make  that	 value
	       evenly divide this one.

	       On  some	 systems  you  may want	to increase one	or both	of the
	       maxBufSize and minBufSize resource  values  to  achieve	better
	       performance  if	the  operating	system	prefers	 larger	buffer
	       sizes.

       messages	(class Messages)
	       Specifies whether write access to the terminal is allowed  ini-
	       tially.	See mesg(1).  The default is ``true''.

       menuLocale (class MenuLocale)
		Specify	 the  locale  used for character-set computations when
		loading	the popup menus.  Use this to  improve	initialization
		performance of the Athena popup	menus, which may load unneces-
		sary (and very large) fonts, e.g., in a	 locale	 having	 UTF-8
		encoding.  The default is an empty string, which uses the cur-
		rent locale setting.

		Set it to ``C''	to achieve the best performance	using the  de-
		fault  menu  resource settings.	 If you	happen to be using lo-
		calized	menu resources,	set the	resource accordingly.

       minBufSize (class MinBufSize)
	       Specify the minimum size	of the input buffer, i.e., the	amount
	       of data that xterm requests on each read.  The default is 4096.
	       You cannot set this to a	value less than	64.

       ptyHandshake (class PtyHandshake)
	       If ``true'', xterm will perform handshaking during  initializa-
	       tion  to	 ensure	that the parent	and child processes update the
	       utmp and	stty state.  See also waitForMap which waits  for  the
	       pseudo-terminal's  notion  of  the screen size, and ptySttySize
	       which resets the	screen size after other	 terminal  initializa-
	       tion is complete.  The default is ``true''.

       ptyInitialErase (class PtyInitialErase)
	       If  ``true'', xterm will	use the	pseudo-terminal's sense	of the
	       stty erase value.  If ``false'',	xterm will set the stty	 erase
	       value  to match its own configuration, using the	kb string from
	       the termcap entry as a  reference,  if  available.   In	either
	       case, the result	is applied to the TERMCAP variable which xterm
	       sets.  See also the ttyModes resource, which may	 modify	 this.
	       The default is ``false''.

       ptySttySize (class PtySttySize)
	       If  ``true'',  xterm  will reset	the screen size	after terminal
	       initialization is complete.  This is needed  for	 some  systems
	       whose  pseudo-terminals	cannot propagate terminal characteris-
	       tics.  Where it is not needed,  it  can	interfere  with	 other
	       methods	for  setting  the intial screen	size, e.g., via	window
	       manager interaction.  See also waitForMap  which	 waits	for  a
	       handshake-message  giving  the  pseudo-terminal's notion	of the
	       screen size.  The default is ``false'' on Linux and OS  X  sys-
	       tems, ``true'' otherwise.

       sameName	(class SameName)
	       If  the value of	this resource is ``true'', xterm does not send
	       title and icon name change requests when	the request would have
	       no  effect: the name is not changed.  This has the advantage of
	       preventing flicker and the disadvantage of requiring  an	 extra
	       round  trip  to	the server to find out the previous value.  In
	       practice	this should  never  be	a  problem.   The  default  is
	       ``true''.

       scoFunctionKeys (class ScoFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies  whether  or not SCP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys instead of standard  escape  se-
	       quences.	 See also the keyboardType resource.

       sessionMgt (class SessionMgt)
	       If  the	value of this resource is ``true'', xterm sets up ses-
	       sion manager callbacks for XtNdieCallback and  XtNsaveCallback.
	       The default is ``true''.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SunFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys instead of standard  escape  se-
	       quences.	 See also the keyboardType resource.

       sunKeyboard (class SunKeyboard)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun/PC keyboard layout should	be as-
	       sumed rather than DEC VT220.  This causes the keypad `+'	to  be
	       mapped  to  `,'.	  and CTRL F1-F12 to F11-F20, depending	on the
	       setting of the ctrlFKeys	resource.  so  xterm  emulates	a  DEC
	       VT220  more  accurately.	  Otherwise (the default, with sunKey-
	       board set to ``false''),	xterm uses PC-style bindings  for  the
	       function	keys and keypad.

	       PC-style	 bindings use the Shift, Alt, Control and Meta keys as
	       modifiers for function-keys and keypad (see the document	 Xterm
	       Control	Sequences  for	details).   The	 PC-style bindings are
	       analogous to PCTerm, but	not the	same  thing.   Normally	 these
	       bindings	 do  not  conflict with	the use	of the Meta key	as de-
	       scribed for the eightBitInput resource.	If they	do, note  that
	       the  PC-style  bindings are evaluated first.  See also the key-
	       boardType resource.

       tcapFunctionKeys	(class TcapFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	function key escape  codes  read  from
	       the  termcap/terminfo  entry  should  be	generated for function
	       keys instead of standard	escape sequences.  See also  the  key-
	       boardType resource.

       termName	(class TermName)
	       Specifies the terminal type name	to be set in the TERM environ-
	       ment variable.

       title (class Title)
	       Specifies a string that may be used by the window manager  when
	       displaying this application.

       toolBar (class ToolBar)
	       Specifies  whether or not the toolbar should be displayed.  The
	       default is ``true.''

       ttyModes	(class TtyModes)
	       Specifies a string containing terminal setting keywords and the
	       characters  to which they may be	bound.	Allowable keywords in-
	       clude: brk, dsusp, eof, eol, eol2, erase, erase2, flush,	 intr,
	       kill,  lnext, quit, rprnt, start, status, stop, susp, swtch and
	       weras.  Control characters may be specified as ^char (e.g.,  ^c
	       or  ^u) and ^? may be used to indicate delete (127).  Use ^- to
	       denote undef.  Use \034 to represent ^\,	since a	literal	 back-
	       slash in	an X resource escapes the next character.

	       This  is	 very  useful for overriding the default terminal set-
	       tings without having to do an  stty  every  time	 an  xterm  is
	       started.	  Note,	however, that the stty program on a given host
	       may use different keywords; xterm's table is built-in.

	       If the ttyModes resource	specifies  a  value  for  erase,  that
	       overrides  the  ptyInitialErase	resource  setting, i.e., xterm
	       initializes the terminal	to match that value.

       useInsertMode (class UseInsertMode)
	       Force use of insert mode	by adding appropriate entries  to  the
	       TERMCAP	environment  variable.	 This  is useful if the	system
	       termcap is broken.  The default is ``false.''

       utmpDisplayId (class UtmpDisplayId)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should try to record the display
	       identifier  (display  number  and screen	number)	as well	as the
	       hostname	in the system utmp log file.  The default is ``true.''

       utmpInhibit (class UtmpInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should try to record the	user's
	       terminal	 in the	system utmp log	file.  If true,	xterm will not
	       try.  The default is ``false.''

       waitForMap (class WaitForMap)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should wait for the initial win-
	       dow  map	 before	 starting the subprocess.  This	is part	of the
	       ptyHandshake logic.  When xterm is directed  to	wait  in  this
	       fashion,	 it  passes  the terminal size from the	display	end of
	       the pseudo-terminal to the terminal I/O connection,  e.g.,  ac-
	       cording	to the window manager.	Otherwise, it uses the size as
	       given in	resource values	or command-line	option -geom.  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       zIconBeep (class	ZIconBeep)
	       Same as -ziconbeep command line argument.  If the value of this
	       resource	is non-zero, xterms that produce output	 while	iconi-
	       fied  will  cause  an  XBell sound at the given volume and have
	       "***" prepended to their	icon  titles.	Most  window  managers
	       will  detect  this change immediately, showing you which	window
	       has the output.	(A similar feature was in x10 xterm.)  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

   VT100 Widget	Resources
       The  following  resources  are  specified  as  part of the vt100	widget
       (class	VT100):	  These	  are	specified   by	 patterns   such    as
       "XTerm.vt100.NAME":

       activeIcon (class ActiveIcon)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  active icon	windows	are to be used
	       when the	xterm window is	iconified, if this feature is compiled
	       into  xterm.   The active icon is a miniature representation of
	       the content of the  window  and	will  update  as  the  content
	       changes.	  Not all window managers necessarily support applica-
	       tion icon windows.  Some	window managers	will allow you to  en-
	       ter  keystrokes	into  the  active icon window.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       allowC1Printable	(class AllowC1Printable)
	       If true,	overrides the mapping of C1 controls  (codes  128-159)
	       to  make	 them be treated as if they were printable characters.
	       Although	this corresponds to no particular standard, some users
	       insist it is a VT100.  The default is ``false.''

       allowSendEvents (class AllowSendEvents)
	       Specifies  whether or not synthetic key and button events (gen-
	       erated using the	X protocol SendEvent request) should be	inter-
	       preted or discarded.  The default is ``false'' meaning they are
	       discarded.  Note	that allowing such events creates a very large
	       security	hole.  The default is ``false.''

       allowTitleOps (class AllowTitleOps)
	       Specifies  whether control sequences that modify	the window ti-
	       tle or icon name	should be allowed.  The	default	is ``true.''

       allowWindowOps (class AllowWindowOps)
	       Specifies whether extended window control sequences (as used in
	       dtterm) should be allowed.  The default is ``true.''

       altIsNotMeta (class AltIsNotMeta)
	       If  ``true'',  treat  the  Alt-key  as if it were the Meta-key.
	       Your keyboard may happen	to be configured so they are the same.
	       But  if	they  are not, this allows you to use the same prefix-
	       and shifting operations with the	Alt-key	as with	the  Meta-key.
	       See   altSendsEscape   and  metaSendsEscape.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       altSendsEscape (class AltSendsEscape)
	       This is an additional keyboard operation	that may be  processed
	       after  the  logic for metaSendsEscape.  It is only available if
	       the altIsNotMeta	resource is set.

	       If ``true'', Alt	characters (a character	combined with the mod-
	       ifier associated	with left/right	Alt-keys) are converted	into a
	       two-character sequence with the character  itself  preceded  by
	       ESC.   This  applies as well to function	key control sequences,
	       unless xterm sees that Alt is used in  your  key	 translations.
	       If  ``false'',  Alt  characters input from the keyboard cause a
	       shift to	8-bit characters (just like metaSendsEscape).  By com-
	       bining  the Alt-	and Meta-modifiers, you	can create correspond-
	       ing combinations	of ESC-prefix and 8-bit	characters.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       alwaysBoldMode (class AlwaysBoldMode)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should  check	if the normal and bold
	       fonts are distinct before deciding whether to use  overstriking
	       to  simulate  bold fonts.  If this resource is true, xterm does
	       not make	the check for distinct fonts when deciding how to han-
	       dle the boldMode	resource.  The default is ``false.''

	       boldMode	  alwaysBoldMode   Comparison	Action
	       ----------------------------------------------------

	       false	  false		   ignored	use font
	       false	  true		   ignored	use font
	       true	  false		   same		overstrike
	       true	  false		   different	use font
	       true	  true		   ignored	overstrike

       alwaysHighlight (class AlwaysHighlight)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not xterm should	always display a high-
	       lighted text cursor.  By	default	(if this resource is false), a
	       hollow  text cursor is displayed	whenever the pointer moves out
	       of the window or	the window loses the input focus.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       alwaysUseMods (class AlwaysUseMods)
	       Override	the numLock resource, telling xterm to use the Alt and
	       Meta modifiers to construct parameters  for  function  key  se-
	       quences	even if	those modifiers	appear in the translations re-
	       source.	The default is ``false.''

       answerbackString	(class AnswerbackString)
	       Specifies the string that xterm sends in	 response  to  an  ENQ
	       (control/E)  character  from  the host.	The default is a blank
	       string, i.e., ``''.  A hardware VT100 implements	 this  feature
	       as a setup option.

       appcursorDefault	(class AppcursorDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	cursor keys are	initially in application mode.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 private DECCKM mode, The  default
	       is ``false.''

       appkeypadDefault	(class AppkeypadDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	keypad keys are	initially in application mode.
	       The default is ``false.''

       autoWrap	(class AutoWrap)
	       Specifies whether or not	 auto-wraparound  should  be  enabled.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 DECAWM.  The default is ``true.''

       awaitInput (class AwaitInput)
	       Specifies  whether or not the xterm uses	a 50 millisecond time-
	       out to await input (i.e., to support the	 Xaw3d	arrow  scroll-
	       bar).  The default is ``false.''

       backarrowKey (class BackarrowKey)
	       Specifies  whether  the backarrow key transmits a backspace (8)
	       or delete (127) character.  This	corresponds to the DECBKM con-
	       trol  sequence.	The default (backspace)	is ``true.''  Pressing
	       the control key toggles this behavior.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background  of  the  window.
	       The default is ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       bellIsUrgent (class BellIsUrgent)
	       Specifies  whether  to set the Urgency hint for the window man-
	       ager when making	a bell sound.  The default is ``false.''

       bellOnReset (class BellOnReset)
	       Specifies whether to sound a bell when doing a hard reset.  The
	       default is ``true.''

       bellSuppressTime	(class BellSuppressTime)
	       Number  of  milliseconds	 after	a  bell	command	is sent	during
	       which additional	bells will be suppressed.  Default is 200.  If
	       set  non-zero,  additional  bells will also be suppressed until
	       the server reports that processing of the first bell  has  been
	       completed; this feature is most useful with the visible bell.

       boldColors (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  to  combine bold attribute with colors like
	       the IBM PC, i.e., map colors 0 through 7	to  colors  8  through
	       15.   These  normally  are the brighter versions	of the first 8
	       colors, hence bold.  The	default	is ``true.''

       boldFont	(class BoldFont)
	       Specifies the name of the bold font to  use  instead  of	 over-
	       striking.  There	is no default for this resource.

       boldMode	(class BoldMode)
	       This  specifies	whether	 or  not  text with the	bold attribute
	       should be overstruck to simulate	bold  fonts  if	 the  resolved
	       bold  font is the same as the normal font.  It may be desirable
	       to disable bold fonts when color	is being used for the bold at-
	       tribute.

	       Note that xterm has one bold font which you may set explicitly.
	       Xterm attempts to derive	a bold font for	the other font	selec-
	       tions (font1 through font6).  If	it cannot find a bold font, it
	       will use	the normal font.  In each case (whether	 the  explicit
	       resource	or the derived font), if the normal and	bold fonts are
	       distinct,  this	resource  has  no  effect.   The  default   is
	       ``true.''

	       See  the	 alwaysBoldMode	resource which can modify the behavior
	       of this resource.

	       Although	xterm attempts to derive a bold	font  for  other  font
	       selections,  the	 font  server may not cooperate.  Since	X11R6,
	       bitmap fonts have been scaled.  The font	server claims to  pro-
	       vide  the  bold font that xterm requests, but the result	is not
	       always readable.	 XFree86 provides a feature which can be  used
	       to  suppress the	scaling.  In the X server's configuration file
	       (e.g., "/etc/X11/XFree86"), you can add ":unscaled" to the  end
	       of the directory	specification for the "misc" fonts, which com-
	       prise the fixed-pitch fonts that	are used by xterm.  For	 exam-
	       ple
		       FontPath		"/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/"

	       would become
		       FontPath		"/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/:unscaled"

	       Depending  on  your configuration, the font server may have its
	       own configuration file.	The same ":unscaled" can be  added  to
	       its  configuration  file	at the end of the directory specifica-
	       tion for	"misc".

       brokenLinuxOSC (class BrokenLinuxOSC)
	       If true,	xterm applies a	workaround to ignore malformed control
	       sequences  that a Linux script might send.  Compare the palette
	       control sequences documented  in	 console_codes	with  ECMA-48.
	       The default is ``true.''

       brokenSelections	(class BrokenSelections)
	       If  true,  xterm	in 8-bit mode will interpret STRING selections
	       as carrying text	in the current	locale's  encoding.   Normally
	       STRING  selections carry	ISO-8859-1 encoded text.  Setting this
	       resource	to ``true'' violates the ICCCM;	it  may,  however,  be
	       useful for interacting with some	broken X clients.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       brokenStringTerm	(class BrokenStringTerm)
	       provides	a work-around for some ISDN routers which start	an ap-
	       plication  control  string  without completing it.  Set this to
	       ``true''	if xterm appears to freeze when	connecting.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       c132 (class C132)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence,
	       used to switch between 80 and 132 columns, should  be  honored.
	       The default is ``false.''

       cacheDoublesize (class CacheDoublesize)
	       Tells  whether  to cache	double-sized fonts by xterm.  Set this
	       to zero to disable doublesize fonts altogether.

       charClass (class	CharClass)
	       Specifies comma-separated lists of character class bindings  of
	       the form	[low-]high:value.  These are used in determining which
	       sets of characters should be treated the	same  when  doing  cut
	       and paste.  See the CHARACTER CLASSES section.

       cjkWidth	(class CjkWidth)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should  follow  the traditional East
	       Asian width convention.	When turned on,	characters  with  East
	       Asian  Ambiguous	 (A) category in UTR 11	have a column width of
	       2.  You may have	to set this option to  ``true''	 if  you  have
	       some  old  East	Asian terminal based programs that assume that
	       line-drawing characters have a column width of 2.  If this  re-
	       source  is  false, the mkWidth resource controls	the choice be-
	       tween the system's wcwidth and xterm's  built-in	 tables.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       color0 (class Color0)

       color1 (class Color1)

       color2 (class Color2)

       color3 (class Color3)

       color4 (class Color4)

       color5 (class Color5)

       color6 (class Color6)

       color7 (class Color7)
	       These  specify  the colors for the ISO-6429 extension.  The de-
	       faults are, respectively, black,	red3, green3, yellow3, a  cus-
	       tomizable  dark blue, magenta3, cyan3, and gray90.  The default
	       shades of color are chosen to allow the colors 8-15 to be  used
	       as brighter versions.

       color8 (class Color8)

       color9 (class Color9)

       color10 (class Color10)

       color11 (class Color11)

       color12 (class Color12)

       color13 (class Color13)

       color14 (class Color14)

       color15 (class Color15)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO-6429 extension if the bold
	       attribute is also enabled.  The default resource	values are re-
	       spectively,  gray30,  red,  green, yellow, a customizable light
	       blue, magenta, cyan, and	white.

       color16 (class Color16)

       through

       color255	(class Color255)
	       These specify the colors	for the	256-color extension.  The  de-
	       fault  resource	values are for colors 16 through 231 to	make a
	       6x6x6 color  cube,  and	colors	232  through  255  to  make  a
	       grayscale ramp.

       colorAttrMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether colorBD, colorBL, colorRV, and	colorUL	should
	       override	ANSI colors.  If not, these are	displayed only when no
	       ANSI  colors have been set for the corresponding	position.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       colorBD (class ColorBD)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display bold	characters  if
	       the  ``colorBDMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBDMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the bold attribute should  be
	       displayed  in  color  or	as bold	characters.  Note that setting
	       colorMode off disables all colors, including bold.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       colorBL (class ColorBL)
	       This  specifies the color to use	to display blink characters if
	       the  ``colorBLMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBLMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the blink attribute should be
	       displayed in color.  Note that setting colorMode	 off  disables
	       all colors, including this.  The	default	is ``false.''

       colorMode (class	ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  or not recognition of ANSI (ISO-6429) color
	       change escape sequences should  be  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       colorRV (class ColorRV)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display reverse characters
	       if the ``colorRVMode'' resource is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorRVMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether characters with the reverse attribute	should
	       be displayed in color.  Note that setting  colorMode  off  dis-
	       ables all colors, including this.  The default is ``false.''

       colorUL (class ColorUL)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display underlined charac-
	       ters if the ``colorULMode'' resource is enabled.	  The  default
	       is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorULMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether  characters  with  the  underline  attribute
	       should be displayed in color or as underlined characters.  Note
	       that  setting  colorMode	off disables all colors, including un-
	       derlining.  The default is ``false.''

       combiningChars (class CombiningChars)
	       Specifies the number of wide-characters which can be stored  in
	       a  cell	to overstrike (combine)	with the base character	of the
	       cell.  This can be set to values	in the range 0 to 4.  The  de-
	       fault is	``2''.

       ctrlFKeys (class	CtrlFKeys)
	       In  VT220  keyboard  mode (see sunKeyboard resource), specifies
	       the amount by which to shift F1-F12 given  a  control  modifier
	       (CTRL).	This allows you	to generate key	symbols	for F10-F20 on
	       a Sun/PC	keyboard.  The default is  ``10'',  which  means  that
	       CTRL F1 generates the key symbol	for F11.

       curses (class Curses)
	       Specifies  whether or not the last column bug in	more(1)	should
	       be worked around.  See the -cu option for details.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       cursorBlink (class CursorBlink)
	       Specifies  whether  to  make  the cursor	blink.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       cursorColor (class CursorColor)
	       Specifies the color to use for the text cursor.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''	  By  default,	xterm attempts to keep
	       this color from being the same as the background	 color,	 since
	       it  draws  the cursor by	filling	the background of a text cell.
	       The same	restriction applies to	control	 sequences  which  may
	       change this color.

	       Setting	this resource overrides	most of	xterm's	adjustments to
	       cursor color.  It will still use	reverse-video to disallow some
	       cases, such as a	black cursor on	a black	background.

       cursorOffTime (class CursorOffTime)
	       Specifies  the  duration	 of the	"off" part of the cursor blink
	       cycle-time in milliseconds.  The	same timer is  used  for  text
	       blinking.  The default is 300.

       cursorOnTime (class CursorOnTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "on" part of the cursor blink cy-
	       cle-time, in milliseconds.  The same timer  is  used  for  text
	       blinking.  The default is 600.

       cutNewline (class CutNewline)
	       If ``false'', triple clicking to	select a line does not include
	       the Newline at the end of the line.  If ``true'',  the  Newline
	       is selected.  The default is ``true.''

       cutToBeginningOfLine (class CutToBeginningOfLine)
	       If  ``false'',  triple  clicking	 to select a line selects only
	       from the	current	word forward.  If ``true'', the	entire line is
	       selected.  The default is ``true.''

       decTerminalID (class DecTerminalID)
	       Specifies  the  emulation  level	 (100=VT100, 220=VT220,	etc.),
	       used to determine the type of response  to  a  DA  control  se-
	       quence.	  Leading  non-digit  characters  are  ignored,	 e.g.,
	       "vt100" and "100" are the same.	The default is 100.

       deleteIsDEL (class DeleteIsDEL)
	       Specifies whether the Delete key	on the editing	keypad	should
	       send  DEL (127) or the VT220-style Remove escape	sequence.  The
	       default is ``false,'' for the latter.

       dynamicColors (class DynamicColors)
	       Specifies whether or not	escape sequences to change colors  as-
	       signed to different attributes are recognized.

       eightBitControl (class EightBitControl)
	       Specifies whether or not	control	sequences sent by the terminal
	       should be eight-bit characters or escape	 sequences.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       eightBitInput (class EightBitInput)
	       If  ``true'', Meta characters (a	single-byte character combined
	       with the	Meta modifier key) input from the  keyboard  are  pre-
	       sented  as  a  single  character	with the eighth	bit turned on.
	       The terminal is put into	8-bit mode.  If	``false'', Meta	 char-
	       acters  are  converted  into  a two-character sequence with the
	       character itself	preceded by ESC.  On startup, xterm  tries  to
	       put the terminal	into 7-bit mode.  The metaSendsEscape and alt-
	       SendsEscape  resources  may  override  this.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

	       Generally keyboards do not have a key labeled "Meta", but "Alt"
	       keys are	common,	and they are conventionally used  for  "Meta".
	       If  they	were synonymous, it would have been reasonable to name
	       this resource "altSendsEscape", reversing its sense.  For  more
	       background on this, see the meta	function in curses.

	       Note  that  the Alt key is not necessarily the same as the Meta
	       modifier.  xmodmap lists	your key modifiers.  X	defines	 modi-
	       fiers  for  shift,  (caps) lock and control, as well as 5 addi-
	       tional modifiers	which are generally used to configure key mod-
	       ifiers.	 xterm inspects	the same information to	find the modi-
	       fier associated with either Meta	key (left or right), and  uses
	       that  key  as the Meta modifier.	 It also looks for the NumLock
	       key, to recognize the modifier which is associated with that.

	       If your xmodmap configuration uses the same keycodes  for  Alt-
	       and  Meta-keys,	xterm  will  only see the Alt-key definitions,
	       since those are tested before  Meta-keys.   NumLock  is	tested
	       first.	It is important	to keep	these keys distinct; otherwise
	       some of xterm's functionality is	not available.

       eightBitOutput (class EightBitOutput)
	       Specifies whether or not	eight-bit  characters  sent  from  the
	       host  should  be	 accepted as is	or stripped when printed.  The
	       default is ``true,'' which means	that they are accepted as is.

       faceName	(class FaceName)
	       Specify the pattern for fonts selected from  the	 FreeType  li-
	       brary  if  support  for	that  library was compiled into	xterm.
	       There is	no default.  If	not specified, or if there is no match
	       for both	normal and bold	fonts, xterm uses the font and related
	       resources.

       faceNameDoublesize (class FaceNameDoublesize)
	       Specify an double-width font for	cases where an application re-
	       quires  this,  e.g., in CJK applications.  There	is no default.
	       If the application uses double-wide  characters	and  this  re-
	       source  is  not	given, xterm  will use a scaled	version	of the
	       font given by faceName.

       faceSize	(class FaceSize)
	       Specify the pointsize for fonts selected	from the FreeType  li-
	       brary if	support	for that library was compiled into xterm.  The
	       default is ``14.''  On the VT Fonts menu, this  corresponds  to
	       the  Default entry.  You	can specify the	pointsize for TrueType
	       fonts selected with the other size-related menu entries such as
	       Medium, Huge, etc., by using one	of the following resource val-
	       ues.  If	you do not specify a value, they default  to  ``0.0'',
	       which causes xterm to use the ratio of font sizes from the bit-
	       map font	resources to obtain a TrueType pointsize.

       faceSize1 (class	FaceSize1)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the first alternative	font.

       faceSize2 (class	FaceSize2)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the second alternative font.

       faceSize3 (class	FaceSize3)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the third alternative	font.

       faceSize4 (class	FaceSize4)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the fourth alternative font.

       faceSize5 (class	FaceSize5)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the fifth alternative	font.

       faceSize6 (class	FaceSize6)
	       Specifies the pointsize of the sixth alternative	font.

       font (class Font)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the  normal  font.   The  default  is
	       ``fixed.''

	       See  the	discussion of the locale resource, which describes how
	       this font may be	overridden.

	       NOTE: some resource files use patterns such as
	       *font: fixed

	       which are overly	broad, affecting both
	       xterm.vt100.font

	       and
	       xterm.vt100.utf8fonts.font

	       which is	probably not what you intended.

       font1 (class Font1)
	       Specifies the name of the first alternative font.

       font2 (class Font2)
	       Specifies the name of the second	alternative font.

       font3 (class Font3)
	       Specifies the name of the third alternative font.

       font4 (class Font4)
	       Specifies the name of the fourth	alternative font.

       font5 (class Font5)
	       Specifies the name of the fifth alternative font.

       font6 (class Font6)
	       Specifies the name of the sixth alternative font.

       fontDoublesize (class FontDoublesize)
	       Specifies whether xterm should attempt to use font  scaling  to
	       draw  doublesize	characters.  Some older	font servers cannot do
	       this properly, will return misleading font  metrics.   The  de-
	       fault is	``true''.  If disabled,	xterm will simulate doublesize
	       characters by drawing normal  characters	 with  spaces  between
	       them.

       forceBoxChars (class ForceBoxChars)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the normal	and bold fonts
	       have VT100 line-drawing characters:

	       -    The	fixed-pitch ISO-8859-*-encoded	fonts  used  by	 xterm
		    normally have the VT100 line-drawing glyphs	in cells 1-31.
		    Other fixed-pitch fonts may	be more	attractive,  but  lack
		    these glyphs.

	       -    When  using	an ISO-10646-1 font and	the wideChars resource
		    is true, xterm uses	the Unicode  glyphs  which  match  the
		    VT100 line-drawing glyphs.

	       If  ``false'',  xterm checks for	missing	glyphs in the font and
	       makes line-drawing characters directly as needed.  If ``true'',
	       xterm  assumes the font does not	contain	the line-drawing char-
	       acters, and draws them directly.	 The default is	``false.''

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for displaying text in  the  window.
	       Setting	the class name instead of the instance name is an easy
	       way to have everything that would normally appear in  the  text
	       color change color.  The	default	is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       formatOtherKeys (class FormatOtherKeys)
	       Overrides the format of the escape sequence used	to report mod-
	       ified keys with the modifyOtherKeys resource.

	       0  send modified	keys as	parameters for	function-key  27  (de-
		  fault).

	       1  send modified	keys as	parameters for CSI u.

       freeBoldBox (class FreeBoldBox)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should assume	the bounding boxes for
	       normal and bold fonts are compatible.  If ``false'', xterm com-
	       pares  them  and	 will reject choices of	bold fonts that	do not
	       match the size of the normal font.  The default	is  ``false'',
	       which means that	the comparison is performed.

       geometry	(class Geometry)
	       Specifies  the preferred	size and position of the VT102 window.
	       There is	no default for this resource.

       highlightColor (class HighlightColor)
	       Specifies the color to  use  for	 the  background  of  selected
	       (highlighted)  text.   If not specified (i.e., matching the de-
	       fault foreground), reverse  video  is  used.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       highlightColorMode (class HighlightColorMode)
	       Specifies whether xterm should use highlightTextColor and high-
	       lightColor to override the reversed foreground/background  col-
	       ors  in	a  selection.  The default is unspecified: at startup,
	       xterm checks if those resources are set to something other than
	       the default foreground and background colors.  Setting this re-
	       source disables the check.

	       The following table shows the interaction of  the  highlighting
	       resources, abbreviated as shown to fit in this page:

	       HCM
		  highlightColorMode

	       HR highlightReverse

	       HBG
		  highlightColor

	       HFG
		  highlightTextColor

	       HCM	 HR	 HBG	   HFG	     Highlight
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       false	 false	 default   default   bg/fg
	       false	 false	 default   set	     bg/fg
	       false	 false	 set	   default   fg/HBG
	       false	 false	 set	   set	     fg/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       false	 true	 default   default   bg/fg
	       false	 true	 default   set	     bg/fg
	       false	 true	 set	   default   fg/HBG
	       false	 true	 set	   set	     fg/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       true	 false	 default   default   bg/fg
	       true	 false	 default   set	     HFG/fg
	       true	 false	 set	   default   bg/HBG
	       true	 false	 set	   set	     HFG/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       true	 true	 default   default   fg/fg (useless)
	       true	 true	 default   set	     HFG/fg
	       true	 true	 set	   default   fg/HBG
	       true	 true	 set	   set	     HFG/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       default	 false	 default   default   bg/fg
	       default	 false	 default   set	     bg/fg
	       default	 false	 set	   default   fg/HBG
	       default	 false	 set	   set	     HFG/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------
	       default	 true	 default   default   bg/fg
	       default	 true	 default   set	     bg/fg
	       default	 true	 set	   default   fg/HBG
	       default	 true	 set	   set	     HFG/HBG
	       ------------------------------------------------------

       highlightReverse	(class HighlightReverse)
	       Specifies whether xterm should reverse the selection foreground
	       and background colors when selecting  text  with	 reverse-video
	       attribute.   This  applies only to the highlightColor and high-
	       lightTextColor resources, e.g., to match	the  color  scheme  of
	       xwsh.   If  ``true'',  xterm reverses the colors, If ``false'',
	       xterm does not reverse colors, The default is ``true.''

       highlightSelection (class HighlightSelection)
	       If ``false'', selecting with the	mouse highlights all positions
	       on  the	screen	between	the beginning of the selection and the
	       current position.  If ``true'', xterm highlights	only the posi-
	       tions  that  contain text that can be selected.	The default is
	       ``false.''

	       Depending on the	way your applications  write  to  the  screen,
	       there  may  be trailing blanks on a line.  Xterm	stores data as
	       it is shown on the screen.  Erasing the display changes the in-
	       ternal  state  of each cell so it is not	considered a blank for
	       the purpose of selection.  Blanks written since the last	 erase
	       are  selectable.	 If you	do not wish to have trailing blanks in
	       a selection, use	the trimSelection resource.

       highlightTextColor (class HighlightTextColor)
	       Specifies the color to  use  for	 the  foreground  of  selected
	       (highlighted)  text.   If not specified (i.e., matching the de-
	       fault background), reverse  video  is  used.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       hpLowerleftBugCompat (class HpLowerleftBugCompat)
	       Specifies  whether  to work around a bug	in HP's	xdb, which ig-
	       nores termcap and always	sends ESC F to move to the lower  left
	       corner.	 ``true'' causes xterm to interpret ESC	F as a request
	       to move to the lower left corner	of the screen.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       i18nSelections (class I18nSelections)
	       If false, xterm will never request the targets COMPOUND_TEXT or
	       TEXT.  The default is ``true.'' It may be set to	false in order
	       to work around ICCCM violations by other	X clients.

       iconBorderColor (class BorderColor)
	       Specifies  the  border color for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	Not all	window	managers  will
	       make the	icon border visible.

       iconBorderWidth (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies  the  border width for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	The default  is	 2.   Not  all
	       window managers will make the border visible.

       iconFont	(class IconFont)
	       Specifies  the  font  for  the miniature	active icon window, if
	       this feature is compiled	into xterm.  The default is "nil2".

       initialFont (class InitialFont)
	       Specifies which of the VT100 fonts to  use  initially.	Values
	       are  the	 same  as  for the set-vt-font action.	The default is
	       ``d'', i.e., "default".

       internalBorder (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies the number of pixels between the characters  and  the
	       window border.  The default is 2.

       italicULMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether  characters  with  the  underline  attribute
	       should be displayed in an italic	font or	as underlined  charac-
	       ters.  It is implemented	only for TrueType fonts.

       jumpScroll (class JumpScroll)
	       Specifies whether or not	jump scroll should be used.  This cor-
	       responds	to the VT102 DECSCLM private  mode.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       keepSelection (class KeepSelection)
	       Specifies  whether xterm	will keep the selection	even after the
	       selected	area was touched by some output	to the terminal.   The
	       default is ``false''.

       keyboardDialect (class KeyboardDialect)
	       Specifies  the initial keyboard dialect,	as well	as the default
	       value when the terminal is reset.  The value given is the  same
	       as  the	final  character in the	control	sequences which	change
	       character sets.	The default is ``B'', which corresponds	to  US
	       ASCII.

       nameKeymap (class NameKeymap)
	       See the discussion of the keymap() action.

       limitResize (class LimitResize)
	       Limits  resizing	 of the	screen via control sequence to a given
	       multiple	of the display dimensions.  The	default	is ``1''.

       locale (class Locale)
	       Specifies how to	use luit, an encoding converter	between	 UTF-8
	       and  locale  encodings.	The resource value (ignoring case) may
	       be:

	       true
		   xterm  will	use  the  encoding  specified  by  the	users'
		   LC_CTYPE locale (i.e., LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, or LANG variables)
		   as far as possible.	This is	realized  by  always  enabling
		   UTF-8 mode and invoking luit	in non-UTF-8 locales.

	       medium
		   xterm  will	follow	users' LC_CTYPE	locale only for	UTF-8,
		   east	Asian, and Thai	locales, where the encodings were  not
		   supported  by  conventional	8bit mode with changing	fonts.
		   For other locales, xterm will use conventional 8bit mode.

	       checkfont
		   If mini-luit	is compiled-in,	xterm will check if a  Unicode
		   font	has been specified.  If	so, it checks if the character
		   encoding for	 the  current  locale  is  POSIX,  Latin-1  or
		   Latin-9, uses the appropriate mapping to support those with
		   the Unicode font.  For other	encodings, xterm assumes  that
		   UTF-8 encoding is required.

	       false
		   xterm will use conventional 8bit mode or UTF-8 mode accord-
		   ing to utf8 resource	or -u8 option.

	       Any other value,	e.g., ``UTF-8''	or ``ISO8859-2'',  is  assumed
	       to be an	encoding name; luit will be invoked to support the en-
	       coding.	The actual list	 of  supported	encodings  depends  on
	       luit.  The default is ``medium''.

	       Regardless of your locale and encoding, you need	an ISO-10646-1
	       font to display the result.  Your configuration may not include
	       this  font,  or	locale-support by xterm	may not	be needed.  At
	       startup,	xterm uses a  mechanism	 equivalent  to	 the  load-vt-
	       fonts(utf8Fonts,	Utf8Fonts)  action  to	load  font name	subre-
	       sources of the VT100 widget.  That is, resource	patterns  such
	       as  "*vt100.utf8Fonts.font"  will  be  loaded, and (if this re-
	       source is enabled), override the	normal fonts.	If  no	subre-
	       sources	are  found,  the  normal  fonts	such as	"*vt100.font",
	       etc., are used.	The resource files distributed with xterm  use
	       ISO-10646-1 fonts, but do not rely on them unless you are using
	       the locale mechanism.

       localeFilter (class LocaleFilter)
	       Specifies the file name for the encoding	converter from/to  lo-
	       cale  encodings	and UTF-8 which	is used	with the -lc option or
	       locale resource.	 The help message  shown  by  ``xterm  -help''
	       lists  the default value, which depends on your system configu-
	       ration.

       loginShell (class LoginShell)
	       Specifies whether or not	the shell to  be  run  in  the	window
	       should be started as a login shell.  The	default	is ``false.''

       marginBell (class MarginBell)
	       Specifies  whether or not the bell should be rung when the user
	       types near the right margin.  The default is ``false.''

       metaSendsEscape (class MetaSendsEscape)
	       If ``true'', Meta characters (a	character  combined  with  the
	       Meta  modifier key) are converted into a	two-character sequence
	       with the	character itself preceded by  ESC.   This  applies  as
	       well  to	function key control sequences,	unless xterm sees that
	       Meta is used in your  key  translations.	  If  ``false'',  Meta
	       characters input	from the keyboard are handled according	to the
	       eightBitInput resource.	The default is ``false.''

       mkSamplePass (class MkSamplePass)
	       If mkSampleSize is nonzero,  and	 mkWidth  (and	cjkWidth)  are
	       false,  on  startup  xterm  compares its	built-in tables	to the
	       system's	wide character width data to decide if it will use the
	       system's	 data.	It tests the first mkSampleSize	character val-
	       ues, and	allows up to mkSamplePass mismatches before  the  test
	       fails.	The  default (for the allowed number of	mismatches) is
	       256.

       mkSampleSize (class MkSampleSize)
	       With mkSamplePass, this specifies a startup test	used for  ini-
	       tializing wide character	width calculations.  The default (num-
	       ber of characters to check) is 1024.

       mkWidth (class MkWidth)
	       Specifies whether xterm should use a built-in  version  of  the
	       wide  character	width  calculation.  See also the cjkWidth re-
	       source which can	override this.	The default is ``false.''

	       Here is a summary of the	resources which	control	the choice  of
	       wide character width calculation:

	       cjkWidth	  mkWidth   Action
	       ---------------------------------------------------------------
	       false	  false	    use	system tables subject to mkSamplePass
	       false	  true	    use	built-in tables
	       true	  false	    use	built-in CJK tables
	       true	  true	    use	built-in CJK tables

       modifyCursorKeys	(class ModifyCursorKeys)
	       Tells  how  to  handle the special case where Control-, Shift-,
	       Alt- or Meta-modifiers are used to add a	parameter to  the  es-
	       cape sequence returned by a cursor-key.	The default is ``2'':

	       Set it to -1 to disable it.
	       Set it to 0 to use the old/obsolete behavior.
	       Set it to 1 to prefix modified sequences	with CSI.
	       Set it to 2 to force the	modifier to be the second parameter if
	       it would	otherwise be the first.
	       Set it to 3 to mark the sequence	with a '>' to hint that	it  is
	       private.

       modifyFunctionKeys (class ModifyFunctionKeys)
	       Tells  how  to  handle the special case where Control-, Shift-,
	       Alt- or Meta-modifiers are used to add a	parameter to  the  es-
	       cape  sequence  returned	by a (numbered)	function-key.  The de-
	       fault is	``2''.	The resource values are	similar	to  modifyCur-
	       sorKeys:

	       Set it to -1 to permit the user to use shift- and control-modi-
	       fiers to	construct function-key strings using the normal	encod-
	       ing scheme.
	       Set it to 0 to use the old/obsolete behavior.
	       Set it to 1 to prefix modified sequences	with CSI.
	       Set it to 2 to force the	modifier to be the second parameter if
	       it would	otherwise be the first.
	       Set it to 3 to mark the sequence	with a '>' to hint that	it  is
	       private.

	       If  modifyFunctionKeys  is zero,	xterm uses Control- and	Shift-
	       modifiers to allow the user to construct	numbered function-keys
	       beyond the set provided by the keyboard:

	       Control
		    adds the value given by the	ctrlFKeys resource.

	       Shift
		    adds twice the value given by the ctrlFKeys	resource.

	       Control/Shift
		    adds  three	 times	the  value  given by the ctrlFKeys re-
		    source.

	       As a special case, legacy (when	oldFunctionKeys	 is  true)  or
	       vt220  (when  sunKeyboard is true) keyboards interpret only the
	       Control-modifier	 when  constructing  numbered	function-keys.
	       This  is	done to	provide	compatible keyboards for DEC VT220 and
	       related terminals that implement	user-defined keys (UDK).

       modifyOtherKeys (class ModifyOtherKeys)
	       Like modifyCursorKeys, tells xterm to construct an  escape  se-
	       quence  for other keys (such as "2") when modified by Control-,
	       Alt- or Meta-modifiers.	This feature does not apply  to	 func-
	       tion  keys  and	well-defined  keys  such as ESC	or the control
	       keys.  The default is ``0'':

	       0    disables this feature.

	       1    enables this feature for keys except for those with	 well-
		    known behavior, e.g., Tab, Backarrow and some special con-
		    trol character cases, e.g.,	Control-Space to make a	NUL.

	       2    enables this feature for  keys  including  the  exceptions
		    listed.

       multiClickTime (class MultiClickTime)
	       Specifies  the maximum time in milliseconds between multi-click
	       select events.  The default is 250 milliseconds.

       multiScroll (class MultiScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  scrolling  should  be  done	 asyn-
	       chronously.  The	default	is ``false.''

       nMarginBell (class Column)
	       Specifies  the  number  of  characters from the right margin at
	       which the margin	bell should  be	 rung,	when  enabled  by  the
	       marginBell resource.  The default is 10.

       numLock (class NumLock)
	       If ``true'', xterm checks if NumLock is used as a modifier (see
	       xmodmap(1)).  If	so, this modifier  is  used  to	 simplify  the
	       logic when implementing special NumLock for the sunKeyboard re-
	       source.	Also (when sunKeyboard is  false),  similar  logic  is
	       used  to	 find  the modifier associated with the	left and right
	       Alt keys.  The default is ``true.''

       oldXtermFKeys (class OldXtermFKeys)
	       If ``true'', xterm will use  old-style  control	sequences  for
	       function	 keys  F1  to  F4, for compatibility with X Consortium
	       xterm.  Otherwise, it uses the VT100-style  codes  for  PF1  to
	       PF4.  The default is ``false.''

       on2Clicks (class	On2Clicks)

       on3Clicks (class	On3Clicks)

       on4Clicks (class	On4Clicks)

       on5Clicks (class	On5Clicks)
	       Specify	selection  behavior  in	 response  to  multiple	 mouse
	       clicks.	A single mouse click  is  always  interpreted  as  de-
	       scribed in the SELECTION	section	(see POINTER USAGE).  Multiple
	       mouse clicks (using the button which activates the select-start
	       action)	are  interpreted  according  to	the resource values of
	       on2Clicks, etc.	The resource value can be one of these:

	       word
		  Select a ``word'' as determined by the  charClass  resource.
		  See the CHARACTER CLASSES section.

	       line
		  Select a line	(counting wrapping).

	       group
		  Select  a  group of adjacent lines (counting wrapping).  The
		  selection stops on a blank line.

	       page
		  Select all visible lines, i.e., the page.

	       all
		  Select all lines, i.e., including the	saved lines.

	       regex
		  Select a ``word'' as determined by  the  regular  expression
		  which	follows	in the resource	value.

	       none
		  No selection action is associated with this resource.	 xterm
		  interprets it	as the end of the list.	 For example, you  may
		  use  it  to  disable triple (and higher) clicking by setting
		  on3Clicks to ``none''.

	       The default values for on2Clicks	and on3Clicks are ``word'' and
	       ``line'',   respectively.    There  is  no  default  value  for
	       on4Clicks or on5Clicks, making  those  inactive.	  On  startup,
	       xterm  determines the maximum number of clicks by the onXClicks
	       resource	values which are set.

       pointerColor (class PointerColor)
	       Specifies the foreground	color of the pointer.  The default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       pointerColorBackground (class PointerColorBackground)
	       Specifies  the background color of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       pointerMode (class PointerMode)
	       Specifies when the pointer may be hidden	as the user types.  It
	       will  be	redisplayed if the user	moves the mouse, or clicks one
	       of its buttons.

	       0  never

	       1  the application running in xterm  has	 not  activated	 mouse
		  mode.	 This is the default.

	       2  always.

       pointerShape (class Cursor)
	       Specifies the name of the shape of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``xterm.''

       popOnBell (class	PopOnBell)
	       Specifies whether the window would be raised when Control-G  is
	       received.  The default is ``false.''

       printAttributes (class PrintAttributes)
	       Specifies  whether  to  print graphic attributes	along with the
	       text.  A	real DEC VTxxx	terminal  will	print  the  underline,
	       highlighting  codes  but	 your printer may not handle these.  A
	       ``0'' disables the attributes.  A ``1'' prints the  normal  set
	       of   attributes	 (bold,	  underline,  inverse  and  blink)  as
	       VT100-style control sequences.  A ``2'' prints ANSI  color  at-
	       tributes	as well.  The default is ``1.''

       printerAutoClose	(class PrinterAutoClose)
	       If ``true'', xterm will close the printer (a pipe) when the ap-
	       plication switches the printer offline with a Media  Copy  com-
	       mand.  The default is ``false.''

       printerCommand (class PrinterCommand)
	       Specifies  a shell command to which xterm will open a pipe when
	       the first MC (Media Copy) command is initiated.	The default is
	       a  blank	 string.   If  the  resource value is given as a blank
	       string, the printer is disabled.

       printerControlMode (class PrinterControlMode)
	       Specifies the printer control mode.  A ``1'' selects  autoprint
	       mode,  which  causes xterm to print a line from the screen when
	       you move	the cursor off that line with a	line feed,  form  feed
	       or  vertical  tab  character, or	an autowrap occurs.  Autoprint
	       mode is overridden by printer controller	mode (a	``2''),	 which
	       causes  all  of	the output to be directed to the printer.  The
	       default is ``0.''

       printerExtent (class PrinterExtent)
	       Controls	whether	a print	page function will  print  the	entire
	       page  (true), or	only the the portion within the	scrolling mar-
	       gins (false).  The default is ``false.''

       printerFormFeed (class PrinterFormFeed)
	       Controls	whether	a form feed is sent to the printer at the  end
	       of a print page function.  The default is ``false.''

       quietGrab (class	QuietGrab)
	       Controls	 whether  the  cursor is repainted when	NotifyGrab and
	       NotifyUngrab event types	are received during change  of	focus.
	       The default is ``false.''

       renderFont (class RenderFont)
	       If  xterm  is built with	the Xft	library, this controls whether
	       the faceName resource is	used.  The default is ``true.''

       resizeGravity (class ResizeGravity)
	       Affects the behavior when the window is resized to be taller or
	       shorter.	  NorthWest specifies that the top line	of text	on the
	       screen stay fixed.  If the window is made  shorter,  lines  are
	       dropped	from  the  bottom; if the window is made taller, blank
	       lines are added at the bottom.  This is compatible with the be-
	       havior  in R4.  SouthWest (the default) specifies that the bot-
	       tom line	of text	on the screen stay fixed.  If  the  window  is
	       made  taller, additional	saved lines will be scrolled down onto
	       the screen; if the  window  is  made  shorter,  lines  will  be
	       scrolled	 off  the  top	of the screen, and the top saved lines
	       will be dropped.

       reverseVideo (class ReverseVideo)
	       Specifies whether or not	reverse	 video	should	be  simulated.
	       The default is ``false.''

       reverseWrap (class ReverseWrap)
	       Specifies  whether or not reverse-wraparound should be enabled.
	       This corresponds	to xterm's private mode	45.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       rightScrollBar (class RightScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or not the scrollbar	should be displayed on
	       the right rather	than the left.	The default is ``false.''

       saveLines (class	SaveLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines to	save beyond  the  top  of  the
	       screen when a scrollbar is turned on.  The default is 64.

       scrollBar (class	ScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	scrollbar should be displayed.
	       The default is ``false.''

       scrollBarBorder (class ScrollBarBorder)
	       Specifies the width of the scrollbar border.  Note that this is
	       drawn to	overlap	the border of the xterm	window.	 Modifying the
	       scrollbar's border affects only the line	between	the VT100 wid-
	       get and the scrollbar.  The default value is 1.

       scrollKey (class	ScrollCond)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not pressing a key should automatically
	       cause the scrollbar to go to the	bottom of  the	scrolling  re-
	       gion.   This corresponds	to xterm's private mode	1011.  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       scrollLines (class ScrollLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines that the scroll-back and  scroll-
	       forw actions should use as a default.  The default value	is 1.

       scrollTtyOutput (class ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	output to the terminal should automat-
	       ically cause the	scrollbar to go	to the bottom of the scrolling
	       region.	The default is ``true.''

       selectToClipboard (class	SelectToClipboard)
	       Tells  xterm whether to use the PRIMARY or CLIPBOARD for	SELECT
	       tokens in the selection mechanism.  The set-select  action  can
	       change this at runtime, allowing	the user to work with programs
	       that handle only	one  of	 these	mechanisms.   The  default  is
	       ``false'', which	tells it to use	PRIMARY.

       shiftFonts (class ShiftFonts)
	       Specifies  whether  to  enable the actions larger-vt-font() and
	       smaller-vt-font(), which	are  normally  bound  to  the  shifted
	       KP_Add and KP_Subtract.	The default is ``true.''

       showBlinkAsBold (class ShowBlinkAsBold)
	       Tells  xterm  whether  to display text with blink-attribute the
	       same as bold.  If xterm has  not	 been  configured  to  support
	       blinking	 text,	the default is ``true.'', which	corresponds to
	       older versions of xterm,	otherwise the default is ``false.''

       showMissingGlyphs (class	ShowMissingGlyphs)
	       Tells xterm whether to display a	box outlining places  where  a
	       character  has been used	that the font does not represent.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       signalInhibit (class SignalInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the entries in	the  ``Main  Options''
	       menu  for  sending  signals to xterm should be disallowed.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekGeometry (class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	Tektronix win-
	       dow.  There is no default for this resource.

       tekInhibit (class TekInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the escape sequence to enter Tektronix
	       mode should be ignored.	The default is ``false.''

       tekSmall	(class TekSmall)
	       Specifies whether or not	the Tektronix mode window should start
	       in its smallest size if no explicit geometry is given.  This is
	       useful when running xterm on displays with small	screens.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekStartup (class TekStartup)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  xterm should start up in Tektronix
	       mode.  The default is ``false.''

       tiXtraScroll (class TiXtraScroll)
	       Specifies whether xterm should scroll to	a new page  when  pro-
	       cessing	the ti termcap entry, i.e., the	private	modes 47, 1047
	       or 1049.	 This is only in effect	if  titeInhibit	 is  ``true'',
	       because	the  intent  of	this option is to provide a picture of
	       the full-screen application's display on	the scrollback without
	       wiping  out the text that would be shown	before the application
	       was initialized.	 The default for this resource is ``false.''

       titeInhibit (class TiteInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should remove ti and te  termcap
	       entries (used to	switch between alternate screens on startup of
	       many screen-oriented programs) from  the	 TERMCAP  string.   If
	       set,  xterm  also  ignores the escape sequence to switch	to the
	       alternate screen.  Xterm	supports terminfo in a different  way,
	       supporting  composite  control sequences	(also known as private
	       modes) 1047, 1048 and 1049 which	have the same  effect  as  the
	       original	47 control sequence.  The default for this resource is
	       ``false.''

       translations (class Translations)
	       Specifies the key and button bindings  for  menus,  selections,
	       ``programmed  strings,''	etc.  The translations resource, which
	       provides	much of	xterm's	configurability, is a feature of the X
	       Toolkit Intrinsics library (Xt).	 See the ACTIONS section.

       trimSelection (class TrimSelection)
	       If  you	set  highlightSelection, you can see the text which is
	       selected, including any trailing	spaces.	 Clearing  the	screen
	       (or  a  line)  resets it	to a state containing no spaces.  Some
	       lines may contain trailing spaces when  an  application	writes
	       them  to	 the screen.  However, you may not wish	to paste lines
	       with trailing spaces.  If this resource	is  true,  xterm  will
	       trim  trailing spaces from text which is	selected.  It does not
	       affect spaces which result in a wrapped line, nor will it  trim
	       the  trailing  newline  from  your  selection.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       underLine (class	UnderLine)
	       This specifies whether or not text with the underline attribute
	       should be underlined.  It may be	desirable to disable underlin-
	       ing when	color is being used for	the underline attribute.   The
	       default is ``true.''

       useClipping (class UseClipping)
	       Tell  xterm whether to use clipping to keep from	producing dots
	       outside the text	drawing	area.  Originally used to work	around
	       for overstriking	effects, this is also needed to	work with some
	       incorrectly-sized fonts.	 The default is	``true.''

       utf8 (class Utf8)
	       This specifies whether xterm will run in	UTF-8  mode.   If  you
	       set  this resource, xterm also sets the wideChars resource as a
	       side-effect.  The resource is an	 integer,  expected  to	 range
	       from 0 to 3:

	       0  UTF-8	 mode  is  initially off.  The command-line option +u8
		  sets the resource to this value.  Escape sequences for turn-
		  ing UTF-8 mode on/off	are allowed.

	       1  UTF-8	 mode  is  initially on.  Escape sequences for turning
		  UTF-8	mode on/off are	allowed.

	       2  The command-line option -u8 sets the resource	to this	value.
		  Escape sequences for turning UTF-8 mode on/off are ignored.

	       3  This	is  the	 default value of the resource.	 It is changed
		  during initialization	depending on whether  the  locale  re-
		  source  was set, to 0	or 2.  See the locale resource for ad-
		  ditional discussion of non-UTF-8 locales.

	       If you want to set the value of utf8,  it  should  be  in  this
	       range.	Other  nonzero	values	are treated the	same as	``1'',
	       i.e., UTF-8 mode	is initially  on,  and	escape	sequences  for
	       turning UTF-8 mode on/off are allowed.

       utf8Fonts (class	Utf8Fonts)
	       See the discussion of the locale	resource.

       utf8Latin1 (class Utf8Latin1)
	       If true,	allow an ISO-8859-1 normal font	to be combined with an
	       ISO-10646 font if the latter is given via the -fw option	or its
	       corresponding resource value.  The default is ``false.''

       utf8Title (class	Utf8Title)
	       Applications  can  set  xterm's	title by writing a control se-
	       quence.	Normally this control sequence follows the VT220  con-
	       vention,	 which encodes the string in ISO-8859-1	and allows for
	       an 8-bit	string terminator.  If xterm is	started	in a UTF-8 lo-
	       cale, it	translates the ISO-8859-1 string to UTF-8 to work with
	       the X libraries which assume the	string is UTF-8.

	       However,	some users may wish to write a title string encoded in
	       UTF-8.	Set  this  resource to ``true''	to allow UTF-8 encoded
	       title strings.  That cancels the	translation to UTF-8, allowing
	       UTF-8 strings to	be displayed as	is.

	       The default is ``false.''

       veryBoldColors (class VeryBoldColors)
	       Specifies whether to combine video attributes with colors spec-
	       ified by	colorBD, colorBL, colorRV and colorUL.	 The  resource
	       value is	the sum	of values for each attribute:
		 1 for reverse,
		 2 for underline,
		 4 for bold and
		 8 for blink.

	       The default is ``0.''

       visualBell (class VisualBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	a visible bell (i.e., flashing)	should
	       be used instead of an audible bell when Control-G is  received.
	       The default is ``false.''

       visualBellDelay (class VisualBellDelay)
	       Number  of milliseconds to delay	when displaying	a visual bell.
	       Default is 100.	If set to zero,	no visual bell	is  displayed.
	       This  is	useful for very	slow displays, e.g., an	LCD display on
	       a laptop.

       vt100Graphics (class VT100Graphics)
	       This specifies whether xterm will interpret VT100 graphic char-
	       acter  escape  sequences	 while	in UTF-8 mode.	The default is
	       ``true'', to provide support for	various	legacy applications.

       wideBoldFont (class WideBoldFont)
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  bold
	       wide  text.  By default,	it will	attempt	to use a font twice as
	       wide as the font	that will be used to draw bold	text.	If  no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.

       wideChars (class	WideChars)
	       Specifies if xterm should respond  to  control  sequences  that
	       process 16-bit characters.  The default is ``false.''

       wideFont	(class WideFont)
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.

       ximFont (class XimFont)
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.

	       In "OverTheSpot"	 preedit  type,	 the  preedit  (preconversion)
	       string  is  displayed at	the position of	the cursor.  It	is the
	       XIM server's responsibility to display the preedit string.  The
	       XIM  client  must inform	the XIM	server of the cursor position.
	       For best	results, the preedit string must be displayed  with  a
	       proper  font.   Therefore,  xterm informs the XIM server	of the
	       proper font.  The font is be supplied by	a "fontset", whose de-
	       fault value is "*".  This matches every font, the X library au-
	       tomatically chooses fonts with proper  charsets.	  The  ximFont
	       resource	is provided to override	this default font setting.

   Tek4014 Widget Resources
       The  following  resources  are  specified as part of the	tek4014	widget
       (class  Tek4014).   These   are	 specified   by	  patterns   such   as
       "XTerm.tek4014.NAME":

       font2 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 2 to use in the Tektronix window.

       font3 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 3 to use in the Tektronix window.

       fontLarge (class	Font)
	       Specifies the large font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       fontSmall (class	Font)
	       Specifies the small font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       ginTerminator (class GinTerminator)
	       Specifies  what character(s) should follow a GIN	report or sta-
	       tus report.  The	possibilities are  ``none,''  which  sends  no
	       terminating   characters,   ``CRonly,''	which  sends  CR,  and
	       ``CR&EOT,'' which sends	both  CR  and  EOT.   The  default  is
	       ``none.''

       height (class Height)
	       Specifies the height of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       initialFont (class InitialFont)
	       Specifies  which	 of the	four Tektronix fonts to	use initially.
	       Values are the same as for the set-tek-text  action.   The  de-
	       fault is	``large.''

       width (class Width)
	       Specifies the width of the Tektronix window in pixels.

   Menu	Resources
       The resources that may be specified for the various menus are described
       in the documentation for	the Athena SimpleMenu widget.	The  name  and
       classes	of  the	 entries  in  each of the menus	are listed below.  Re-
       sources named "lineN" where N is	a number  are  separators  with	 class
       SmeLine.

       The mainMenu has	the following entries:

       toolbar (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-toolbar(toggle) action.

       securekbd (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the secure() action.

       allowsends (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the allow-send-events(toggle)	action.

       redraw (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the redraw() action.

       logging (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the logging(toggle) action.

       print (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print() action.

       print-redir (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print-redir() action.

       8-bit-control (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-8-bit-control(toggle)	action.

       backarrow key (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-backarrow(toggle) action.

       num-lock	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-num-lock(toggle) action.

       alt-esc (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the alt-sends-escape(toggle) action.

       meta-esc	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the meta-sends-escape(toggle)	action.

       delete-is-del (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the delete-is-del(toggle) action.

       oldFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the old-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       hpFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hp-function-keys(toggle) action.

       scoFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sco-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sun-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunKeyboard (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sunKeyboard(toggle) action.

       suspend (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(tstp)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       continue	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(cont)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       interrupt (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(int) action.

       hangup (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(hup) action.

       terminate (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(term)	action.

       kill (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(kill)	action.

       quit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the quit() action.

       The vtMenu has the following entries:

       scrollbar (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scrollbar(toggle) action.

       jumpscroll (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-jumpscroll(toggle) action.

       reversevideo (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reverse-video(toggle)	action.

       autowrap	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autowrap(toggle) action.

       reversewrap (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reversewrap(toggle) action.

       autolinefeed (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autolinefeed(toggle) action.

       appcursor (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appcursor(toggle) action.

       appkeypad (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appkeypad(toggle) action.

       scrollkey (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-key(toggle)	action.

       scrollttyoutput (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-tty-output(toggle) action.

       allow132	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-allow132(toggle) action.

       cursesemul (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursesemul(toggle) action.

       visualbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visualbell(toggle) action.

       bellIsUrgent (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-bellIsUrgent(toggle) action.

       poponbell (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-poponbell(toggle) action.

       cursorblink (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursorblink(toggle) action.

       titeInhibit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-titeInhibit(toggle) action.

       activeicon (class SmeBSB)
	       This  entry toggles active icons	on and off if this feature was
	       compiled	into xterm.  It	is enabled only	if xterm  was  started
	       with  the command line option +ai or the	activeIcon resource is
	       set to ``true.''

       softreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the soft-reset() action.

       hardreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hard-reset() action.

       clearsavedlines (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the clear-saved-lines() action.

       tekshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       tekmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(tek) action.

       vthide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,off) action.

       altscreen (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-altscreen(toggle) action.

       The fontMenu has	the following entries:

       fontdefault (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(d) action.

       font1 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(1) action.

       font2 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(2) action.

       font3 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(3) action.

       font4 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(4) action.

       font5 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(5) action.

       font6 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(6) action.

       fontescape (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(e) action.

       fontsel (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(s) action.

       font-linedrawing	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-linedrawing(s) action.

       font-doublesize (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-doublesize(s) action.

       render-font (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-render-font(s) action.

       utf8-mode (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-utf8-mode(s) action.

       utf8-title (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-utf8-title(s)	action.

       The tekMenu has the following entries:

       tektextlarge (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(large) action.

       tektext2	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(2) action.

       tektext3	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(3) action.

       tektextsmall (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(small) action.

       tekpage (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-page() action.

       tekreset	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-reset() action.

       tekcopy (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-copy() action.

       vtshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,toggle)	action.

       vtmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(vt) action.

       tekhide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

   Scrollbar Resources
       The following resources	are  useful  when  specified  for  the	Athena
       Scrollbar widget:

       thickness (class	Thickness)
	       Specifies the width in pixels of	the scrollbar.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background of	the scrollbar.

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for the foreground of	the scrollbar.
	       The ``thumb'' of	the scrollbar is a simple checkerboard pattern
	       alternating pixels for foreground and background	color.

POINTER	USAGE
       Once  the  VT102	window is created, xterm allows	you to select text and
       copy it within the same or other	windows.

   SELECTION
       The selection functions are invoked when	the pointer buttons  are  used
       with  no	modifiers, and when they are used with the ``shift'' key.  The
       assignment of the functions described below to keys and buttons may  be
       changed through the resource database; see ACTIONS below.

       Pointer	button	one  (usually  left) is	used to	save text into the cut
       buffer.	Move the cursor	to beginning of	the text, and  then  hold  the
       button  down  while  moving the cursor to the end of the	region and re-
       leasing the button.  The	selected text is highlighted and is  saved  in
       the global cut buffer and made the PRIMARY selection when the button is
       released.  Normally (but	see the	discussion of on2Clicks, etc):

	      -	 Double-clicking selects by words.

	      -	 Triple-clicking selects by lines.

	      -	 Quadruple-clicking goes back to characters, etc.

       Multiple-click is determined by the time	from button up to button down,
       so  you	can  change  the  selection unit in the	middle of a selection.
       Logical words and lines selected	by double- or triple-clicking may wrap
       across  more than one screen line if lines were wrapped by xterm	itself
       rather than by the application running in the window.  If the  key/but-
       ton  bindings  specify  that  an	 X selection is	to be made, xterm will
       leave the selected text highlighted for as long as it is	the  selection
       owner.

       Pointer	button two (usually middle) `types' (pastes) the text from the
       PRIMARY selection, if any, otherwise from the cut buffer, inserting  it
       as keyboard input.

       Pointer	button	three  (usually	 right)	extends	the current selection.
       (Without	loss of	generality, you	can swap ``right'' and ``left''	every-
       where  in  the rest of this paragraph.)	If pressed while closer	to the
       right edge of the selection than	the  left,  it	extends/contracts  the
       right  edge  of	the selection.	If you contract	the selection past the
       left edge of the	selection, xterm assumes you  really  meant  the  left
       edge,  restores the original selection, then extends/contracts the left
       edge of the selection.  Extension starts	in  the	 selection  unit  mode
       that  the  last selection or extension was performed in;	you can	multi-
       ple-click to cycle through them.

       By cutting and pasting pieces of	text without trailing new  lines,  you
       can  take text from several places in different windows and form	a com-
       mand to the shell, for example, or take output from a program  and  in-
       sert  it	 into  your  favorite  editor.	Since cut buffers are globally
       shared among different applications, you	may regard each	 as  a	`file'
       whose contents you know.	 The terminal emulator and other text programs
       should be treating it as	if it were a text file,	i.e., the text is  de-
       limited by new lines.

   SCROLLING
       The  scroll  region  displays the position and amount of	text currently
       showing in the window (highlighted) relative to the amount of text  ac-
       tually  saved.	As more	text is	saved (up to the maximum), the size of
       the highlighted area decreases.

       Clicking	button one with	the pointer in the scroll region moves the ad-
       jacent line to the top of the display window.

       Clicking	 button	three moves the	top line of the	display	window down to
       the pointer position.

       Clicking	button two moves the display to	a position in the  saved  text
       that corresponds	to the pointer's position in the scrollbar.

   TEKTRONIX POINTER
       Unlike  the VT102 window, the Tektronix window does not allow the copy-
       ing of text.  It	does allow Tektronix GIN mode, and in  this  mode  the
       cursor  will  change  from  an arrow to a cross.	 Pressing any key will
       send that key and the current coordinate	of the cross cursor.  Pressing
       button  one,  two,  or three will return	the letters `l', `m', and `r',
       respectively.  If the `shift' key is pressed when a pointer  button  is
       pressed,	the corresponding upper	case letter is sent.  To distinguish a
       pointer button from a key, the high bit of the character	 is  set  (but
       this  is	 bit is	normally stripped unless the terminal mode is RAW; see
       tty(4) for details).

MENUS
       Xterm has four menus, named mainMenu, vtMenu,  fontMenu,	 and  tekMenu.
       Each  menu  pops	 up  under  the	correct	combinations of	key and	button
       presses.	 Each menu is divided into sections, separated by a horizontal
       line.   Some  menu  entries correspond to modes that can	be altered.  A
       check mark appears next to a mode that is currently active.   Selecting
       one of these modes toggles its state.  Other menu entries are commands;
       selecting one of	these performs the indicated function.

       All of the menu entries correspond to X actions.	 In  the  list	below,
       the menu	label is shown followed	by the action's	name in	parenthesis.

   Main	Options
       The  xterm mainMenu pops	up when	the ``control''	key and	pointer	button
       one are pressed in a window.  This menu contains	items  that  apply  to
       both the	VT102 and Tektronix windows.  There are	several	sections:

       Commands	for managing X events:

	      Toolbar
		     Clicking on the "Toolbar" menu entry hides	the toolbar if
		     it	is visible, and	shows it if it is not.

	      Secure Keyboard (securekbd)
		     The Secure	Keyboard mode is helpful when typing in	 pass-
		     words or other sensitive data in an unsecure environment;
		     see SECURITY below	(but read the limitations carefully).

	      Allow SendEvents (allowsends )
		     Specifies whether or not synthetic	key and	button	events
		     generated	using  the X protocol SendEvent	request	should
		     be	interpreted or discarded.  This	corresponds to the al-
		     lowSendEvents resource.

	      Redraw Window (redraw)
		     Forces  the X display to repaint; useful in some environ-
		     ments.

       Commands	for capturing output:

	      Log to File (logging)
		     Captures text sent	to the screen in a logfile, as in  the
		     -l	logging	option.

	      Print Window (print)
		     Sends the text of the current window to the program given
		     in	the printerCommand resource.

	      Redirect to Printer (print-redir)
		     This sets the printerControlMode to 0 or 2.  You can  use
		     this to turn the printer on as if an application had sent
		     the appropriate control sequence.	It is also useful  for
		     switching	the  printer off if an application turns it on
		     without resetting the print control mode.

       Modes for setting keyboard style:

	      8-Bit Controls (8-bit-control)
		     Enabled for VT220 emulation, this controls	whether	 xterm
		     will send 8-bit control sequences rather than using 7-bit
		     (ASCII) controls, e.g.,  sending  a  byte	in  the	 range
		     128-159  rather  than  the	escape character followed by a
		     second byte.  Xterm  always  interprets  both  8-bit  and
		     7-bit  control  sequences (see the	document Xterm Control
		     Sequences).  This corresponds to the eightBitControl  re-
		     source.

	      Backarrow	Key (BS/DEL) (backarrow	key)
		     Modifies  the  behavior  of  the backarrow	key, making it
		     transmit either a backspace (8) or	delete	(127)  charac-
		     ter.  This	corresponds to the backarrowKey	resource.

	      Alt/NumLock Modifiers (num-lock)
		     Controls the treatment of Alt- and	NumLock-key modifiers.
		     This corresponds to the numLock resource.

	      Meta Sends Escape	(meta-esc)
		     Controls whether Meta keys	are converted into a two-char-
		     acter sequence with the character itself preceded by ESC.
		     This corresponds to the metaSendsEscape resource.

	      Delete is	DEL (delete-is-del)
		     Controls whether the Delete key  on  the  editing	keypad
		     should  send  DEL	(127) or the VT220-style Remove	escape
		     sequence.	This corresponds to the	deleteIsDEL resource.

	      Old Function-Keys	(oldFunctionKeys)

	      HP Function-Keys (hpFunctionKeys)

	      SCO Function-Keys	(scoFunctionKeys)

	      Sun Function-Keys	(sunFunctionKeys)

	      VT220 Keyboard (sunKeyboard)
		     These act as a radio-button, selecting one	style for  the
		     keyboard  layout.	 It  corresponds  to more than one re-
		     source setting:  sunKeyboard,  sunFunctionKeys,  scoFunc-
		     tionKeys and hpFunctionKeys ."

       Commands	for process signalling:

	      Send STOP	Signal (suspend)

	      Send CONT	Signal (continue)

	      Send INT Signal (interrupt)

	      Send HUP Signal (hangup)

	      Send TERM	Signal (terminate)

	      Send KILL	Signal (kill)
		     These  send the SIGTSTP, SIGCONT, SIGINT, SIGHUP, SIGTERM
		     and SIGKILL signals respectively, to the process group of
		     the process running under xterm (usually the shell).  The
		     SIGCONT function is especially useful if the user has ac-
		     cidentally	typed CTRL-Z, suspending the process.

	      Quit (quit)
		     Stop  processing X	events except to support the -hold op-
		     tion, and then send a SIGHUP signal to  the  the  process
		     group  of	the  process  running under xterm (usually the
		     shell).

   VT Options
       The vtMenu sets various modes in	the VT102 emulation, and is popped  up
       when  the  ``control''  key  and	 pointer button	two are	pressed	in the
       VT102 window.

       VT102/VT220 Modes:

	      Enable Scrollbar (scrollbar)
		     Enable (or	disable) the scrollbar.	 This  corresponds  to
		     the -sb option and	the scrollBar resource.

	      Enable Jump Scroll (jumpscroll)
		     Enable  (or disable) jump scrolling.  This	corresponds to
		     the -j option and the jumpScroll resource.

	      Enable Reverse Video (reversevideo)
		     Enable (or	disable) reverse-video.	 This  corresponds  to
		     the -rv option and	the reverseVideo resource.

	      Enable Auto Wraparound (autowrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-wraparound.  This	corresponds to
		     the -aw option and	the autoWrap resource.

	      Enable Reverse Wraparound	(reversewrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) reverse wraparound.  This corresponds
		     to	the -rw	option and the reverseWrap resource.

	      Enable Auto Linefeed (autolinefeed)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-linefeed.	 This is the VT102 NEL
		     function, which causes the	emulator to  emit  a  linefeed
		     after  each  carriage  return.  There is no corresponding
		     command-line option or resource setting.

	      Enable Application Cursor	Keys (appcursor)
		     Enable (or	disable) application cursor keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds  to	 the  appcursorDefault	resource.  There is no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Enable Application Keypad	(appkeypad)
		     Enable (or	disable) application keypad keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds  to	 the  appkeypadDefault	resource.  There is no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Key Press (scrollkey)
		     Enable (or	 disable)  scrolling  to  the  bottom  of  the
		     scrolling	region on a keypress.  This corresponds	to the
		     -sk option	and the	scrollKey resource.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Tty Output (scrollttyoutput)
		     Enable (or	 disable)  scrolling  to  the  bottom  of  the
		     scrolling	region on output to the	terminal.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the -si	option	and  the  scrollTtyOutput  re-
		     source.

	      Allow 80/132 Column Switching (allow132)
		     Enable (or	disable) switching between 80 and 132 columns.
		     This corresponds to the -132  option  and	the  c132  re-
		     source.

	      Keep Selection (keepSelection)
		     Tell  xterm whether to disown the selection when it stops
		     highlighting it, e.g., when an application	 modifies  the
		     display  so  that it no longer matches the	text which has
		     been highlighted.	As long	as xterm continues to own  the
		     selection,	it can provide the corresponding text to other
		     clients via cut/paste.  This corresponds to  the  keepSe-
		     lection resource.	There is no corresponding command-line
		     option.

	      Select to	Clipboard (selectToClipboard)
		     Tell xterm	whether	to use the PRIMARY  or	CLIPBOARD  for
		     SELECT  tokens  in	 the  translations resource which maps
		     keyboard and mouse	actions	to select/paste	actions.  This
		     corresponds  to the selectToClipboard resource.  There is
		     no	corresponding command-line option.

	      Enable Visual Bell (visualbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) visible bell (i.e., flashing) instead
		     of	 an  audible bell.  This corresponds to	the -vb	option
		     and the visualBell	resource.

	      Enable Bell Urgency (bellIsUrgent)
		     Enable (or	disable) Urgency window	manager	hint when Con-
		     trol-G is received.  This corresponds to the bellIsUrgent
		     resource.

	      Enable Pop on Bell (poponbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) raising of the	window when  Control-G
		     is	received.  This	corresponds to the -pop	option and the
		     popOnBell resource.

	      Enable Blinking Cursor (cursorblink)
		     Enable (or	disable) the  blinking-cursor  feature.	  This
		     corresponds  to  the  -bc	option and the cursorBlink re-
		     source.  There is also an escape sequence (see the	 docu-
		     ment  Xterm  Control  Sequences).	The menu entry and the
		     escape sequence states are	XOR'd: if  both	 are  enabled,
		     the  cursor  will	not blink, if only one is enabled, the
		     cursor will blink.

	      Enable Alternate Screen Switching	(titeInhibit)
		     Enable (or	disable) switching between the normal and  al-
		     ternate screens.  This corresponds	to the titeInhibit re-
		     source.  There is no corresponding	command-line option.

	      Enable Active Icon (activeicon)
		     Enable (or	disable) the active-icon feature.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the -ai option and the activeIcon resource.

       VT102/VT220 Commands:

	      Do Soft Reset (softreset)
		     Reset  scroll  regions.  This can be convenient when some
		     program has left the scroll regions set incorrectly  (of-
		     ten  a  problem  when using VMS or	TOPS-20).  This	corre-
		     sponds to the VT220 DECSTR	control	sequence.

	      Do Full Reset (hardreset)
		     The full reset entry will clear the screen, reset tabs to
		     every  eight  columns, and	reset the terminal modes (such
		     as	wrap and smooth	scroll)	to their initial  states  just
		     after  xterm has finished processing the command line op-
		     tions.  This corresponds to the  VT102  RIS  control  se-
		     quence,  with  a  few  obvious differences.  For example,
		     your session is not disconnected as a  real  VT102	 would
		     do.

	      Reset and	Clear Saved Lines (clearsavedlines)
		     Perform a full reset, and also clear the saved lines.

       Commands	for setting the	current	screen:

	      Show Tek Window (tekshow)
		     When enabled, pops	the Tektronix 4014 window up (makes it
		     visible).	When disabled, hides the Tektronix  4014  win-
		     dow.

	      Switch to	Tek Mode (tekmode)
		     When  enabled, pops the Tektronix 4014 window up if it is
		     not already visible, and switches	the  input  stream  to
		     that  window.   When  disabled,  hides the	Tektronix 4014
		     window and	switches input back to the VTxxx window.

	      Hide VT Window (vthide)
		     When enabled, hides the VTxxx window, shows the Tektronix
		     4014  window  if  it was not already visible and switches
		     the input stream to that window.	When  disabled,	 shows
		     the  VTxxx	 window, and switches the input	stream to that
		     window.

	      Show Alternate Screen (altscreen)
		     When enabled, shows the alternate screen.	When disabled,
		     shows the normal screen.  Note that the normal screen may
		     have saved	lines; the alternate screen does not.

   VT Fonts
       The fontMenu pops up when when the ``control'' key and  pointer	button
       three are pressed in a window.  It sets the font	used in	the VT102 win-
       dow, or modifies	the way	the font is specified or displayed.  There are
       three sections.

       The  first section allows you to	select the font	from a set of alterna-
       tives:

	      Default (fontdefault)
		     Set the font to the default,  i.e.,  that	given  by  the
		     *VT100.font resource.

	      Unreadable (font1)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font1 resource.

	      Tiny (font2)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font2 resource.

	      Small (font3)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font3 resource.

	      Medium (font4)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font4 resource.

	      Large (font5)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font5 resource.

	      Huge (font6)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font6 resource.

	      Escape Sequence
		     This allows you to	set the	font last specified by the Set
		     Font escape sequence (see the document Xterm Control  Se-
		     quences).

	      Selection	(fontsel)
		     This allows you to	set the	font specified the current se-
		     lection as	a font	name  (if  the	PRIMARY	 selection  is
		     owned).

       The second section allows you to	modify the way it is displayed:

	      Line-Drawing Characters (font-linedrawing)
		     When  set,	tells xterm to draw its	own line-drawing char-
		     acters.  Otherwise	 it  relies  on	 the  font  containing
		     these.  Compare to	the forceBoxChars resource.

	      Doublesized Characters (font-doublesize)
		     When set, xterm may ask the font server to	produce	scaled
		     versions of the normal font, for VT102 double-size	 char-
		     acters.

       The third section allows	you to modify the way it is specified:

	      TrueType Fonts (render-font)
		     If	 the  renderFont and corresponding resources were set,
		     this is a further control whether xterm will actually use
		     the Xft library calls to obtain a font.

	      UTF-8 (utf8-mode)
		     This  controls  whether  xterm uses UTF-8 encoding	of in-
		     put/output.  It is	useful for temporarily switching xterm
		     to	display	text from an application which does not	follow
		     the locale	settings.

   TEK Options
       The tekMenu sets	various	modes  in  the	Tektronix  emulation,  and  is
       popped  up  when	the ``control''	key and	pointer	button two are pressed
       in the Tektronix	window.	 The current font size is checked in the modes
       section of the menu.

	      Large Characters (tektextlarge)

	      #2 Size Characters (tektext2)

	      #3 Size Characters (tektext3)

	      Small Characters (tektextsmall)

       Commands:

	      PAGE (tekpage)
		     Clear the Tektronix window.

	      RESET (tekreset)

	      COPY (tekcopy)

       Windows:

	      Show VT Window (vtshow)

	      Switch to	VT Mode	(vtmode)

	      Hide Tek Window (tekhide)

SECURITY
       X  environments	differ in their	security consciousness.	 Most servers,
       run under xdm, are capable of using a  ``magic  cookie''	 authorization
       scheme that can provide a reasonable level of security for many people.
       If your server is only using a host-based mechanism to  control	access
       to  the server (see xhost(1)), then if you enable access	for a host and
       other users are also permitted to run clients on	that same host,	it  is
       possible	 that someone can run an application which uses	the basic ser-
       vices of	the X protocol to snoop	on your	activities,  potentially  cap-
       turing  a  transcript  of  everything  you  type	 at the	keyboard.  Any
       process which has access	to your	X display can manipulate  it  in  ways
       that you	might not anticipate, even redirecting your keyboard to	itself
       and sending events to your application's	windows.  This	is  true  even
       with  the ``magic cookie'' authorization	scheme.	 While the allowSendE-
       vents provides some protection  against	rogue  applications  tampering
       with your programs, guarding against a snooper is harder.

       The  possibility	of an application spying on your keystrokes is of par-
       ticular concern when you	want to	type in	a password or other  sensitive
       data.   The best	solution to this problem is to use a better authoriza-
       tion mechanism than is provided by X.  Given all	of  these  caveats,  a
       simple mechanism	exists for protecting keyboard input in	xterm.

       The  xterm  menu	 (see  MENUS  above)  contains a Secure	Keyboard entry
       which, when enabled, attempts to	ensure that all	keyboard input is  di-
       rected  only  to	xterm (using the GrabKeyboard protocol request).  When
       an application prompts you for a	password (or  other  sensitive	data),
       you  can	 enable	 Secure	Keyboard using the menu, type in the data, and
       then disable Secure Keyboard using the menu again.  This	 ensures  that
       you  know  which	window is accepting your keystrokes.  It cannot	ensure
       that there are no processes which have access to	your  X	 display  that
       might be	observing the keystrokes as well.

       Only  one X client at a time can	grab the keyboard, so when you attempt
       to enable Secure	Keyboard it may	fail.  In this	case,  the  bell  will
       sound.	If the Secure Keyboard succeeds, the foreground	and background
       colors will be exchanged	(as if you selected the	Reverse	Video entry in
       the  Modes  menu);  they	 will  be exchanged again when you exit	secure
       mode.  If the colors do not switch, then	you should be very  suspicious
       that  you  are  being spoofed.  If the application you are running dis-
       plays a prompt before asking for	the password, it is  safest  to	 enter
       secure mode before the prompt gets displayed, and to make sure that the
       prompt gets displayed correctly (in the new colors),  to	 minimize  the
       probability of spoofing.	 You can also bring up the menu	again and make
       sure that a check mark appears next to the entry.

       Secure Keyboard mode will be disabled automatically if your xterm  win-
       dow becomes iconified (or otherwise unmapped), or if you	start up a re-
       parenting window	manager	(that places a title bar or  other  decoration
       around  the  window) while in Secure Keyboard mode.  (This is a feature
       of the X	protocol not easily overcome.)	When this happens,  the	 fore-
       ground  and  background	colors will be switched	back and the bell will
       sound in	warning.

CHARACTER CLASSES
       Clicking	the left pointer button	twice  in  rapid  succession  (double-
       clicking) causes	all characters of the same class (e.g.,	letters, white
       space, punctuation) to be selected as a ``word''.  Since	different peo-
       ple  have  different preferences	for what should	be selected (for exam-
       ple, should filenames be	selected as a whole or only the	separate  sub-
       names),	the  default  mapping can be overridden	through	the use	of the
       charClass (class	CharClass) resource.

       This resource is	a series of comma-separated of range:value pairs.  The
       range is	either a single	number or low-high in the range	of 0 to	65535,
       corresponding to	the code for the character or characters  to  be  set.
       The  value  is arbitrary, although the default table uses the character
       number of the first character occurring in the set.  When not in	 UTF-8
       mode, only the first 256	bytes of this table will be used.

       The  default table starts as follows - static int charClass[256]	= { /*
       NUL  SOH	 STX  ETX  EOT	ENQ  ACK  BEL */
	   32,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1, /*  BS   HT	NL    VT    NP
       CR   SO	 SI */
	    1,	 32,	1,   1,	  1,   1,   1,	 1, /* DLE  DC1	 DC2  DC3  DC4
       NAK  SYN	 ETB */
	    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1, /* CAN   EM  SUB   ESC    FS
       GS   RS	 US */
	    1,	  1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,   1,	 1, /*	SP    !	   "	#    $
       %    &	 ' */
	   32,	33,  34,  35,  36,  37,	 38,  39, /*   (    )	 *     +     ,
       -    .	 / */
	   40,	 41,   42,  43,	 44,  45,  46,	47, /*	 0    1	   2	3    4
       5    6	 7 */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*   8    9	 :     ;     <
       =    >	 ? */
	   48,	 48,   58,  59,	 60,  61,  62,	63, /*	 @    A	   B	C    D
       E    F	 G */
	   64,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*   H    I	 J     K     L
       M    N	 O */
	   48,	 48,   48,  48,	 48,  48,  48,	48, /*	 P    Q	   R	S    T
       U    V	 W */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*   X    Y	 Z     [     \
       ]    ^	 _ */
	   48,	 48,   48,  91,	 92,  93,  94,	48, /*	 `    a	   b	c    d
       e    f	 g */
	   96,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*   h    i	 j     k     l
       m    n	 o */
	   48,	 48,   48,  48,	 48,  48,  48,	48, /*	 p    q	   r	s    t
       u    v	 w */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*   x    y	 z     {     |
       }    ~  DEL */
	   48,	 48,   48, 123,	124, 125, 126,	 1, /* x80  x81	 x82  x83  IND
       NEL  SSA	 ESA */
	    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1, /* HTS  HTJ  VTS   PLD   PLU
       RI  SS2	SS3 */
	    1,	  1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,   1,	 1, /* DCS  PU1	 PU2  STS  CCH
       MW  SPA	EPA */
	    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1, /* x98  x99  x9A   CSI    ST
       OSC   PM	 APC */
	    1,	  1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,   1,	 1, /*	 -    i	  c/	L   ox
       Y-    |	 So */
	  160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,	166, 167, /*  ..   c0	ip    <<     _
       R0    - */
	  168,	169,  170, 171,	172, 173, 174, 175, /*	 o   +-	   2	3    '
       u   q|	 . */
	  176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181,	182, 183, /*   ,    1	 2    >>   1/4
       1/2  3/4	   ? */
	  184,	185,  186, 187,	188, 189, 190, 191, /*	A`   A'	  A^   A~   A:
       Ao   AE	 C, */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*  E`   E'	E^    E:    I`
       I'   I^	 I: */
	   48,	 48,   48,  48,	 48,  48,  48,	48, /*	D-   N~	  O`   O'   O^
       O~   O:	  X */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 215, /*  O/   U`	U'    U^    U:
       Y'    P	  B */
	   48,	 48,   48,  48,	 48,  48,  48,	48, /*	a`   a'	  a^   a~   a:
       ao   ae	 c, */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48, /*  e`   e'	e^   e:	    i`
       i'   i^	 i: */
	   48,	 48,   48,  48,	 48,  48,  48,	48, /*	 d   n~	  o`   o'   o^
       o~   o:	 -: */
	   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 247, /*  o/   u`	u'    u^    u:
       y'    P	 y: */
	   48,	 48,   48,   48,   48,	48,  48,  48}; For example, the	string
       ``33:48,37:48,45-47:48,38:48'' indicates	 that  the  exclamation	 mark,
       percent	sign,  dash, period, slash, and	ampersand characters should be
       treated the same	way as characters and numbers.	 This  is  useful  for
       cutting and pasting electronic mailing addresses	and filenames.

ACTIONS
       It  is  possible	 to  rebind  keys  (or sequences of keys) to arbitrary
       strings for input, by changing the translations resources for the vt100
       or  tek4014  widgets.   Changing	 the  translations resource for	events
       other than key and button events	is not expected, and will cause	unpre-
       dictable	 behavior.   The following actions are provided	for use	within
       the vt100 or tek4014 translations resources:

       allow-send-events(on/off/toggle)
	       This action set or toggles the allowSendEvents resource and  is
	       also invoked by the allowsends entry in mainMenu.

       alt-sends-escape()
	       This action toggles the state of	the eightBitInput resource.

       bell([percent])
	       This action rings the keyboard bell at the specified percentage
	       above or	below the base volume.

       clear-saved-lines()
	       This action does	hard-reset() (see below) and also  clears  the
	       history	of  lines saved	off the	top of the screen.  It is also
	       invoked from the	clearsavedlines	entry in vtMenu.   The	effect
	       is identical to a hardware reset	(RIS) control sequence.

       create-menu(m/v/f/t)
	       This  action  creates one of the	menus used by xterm, if	it has
	       not been	previously created.  The parameter values are the menu
	       names: mainMenu,	vtMenu,	fontMenu, tekMenu, respectively.

       dabbrev-expand()
	       Expands	the  word  before cursor by searching in the preceding
	       text on the screen and  in  the	scrollback  buffer  for	 words
	       starting	 with  that  abbreviation.  Repeating dabbrev-expand()
	       several times in	sequence searches for an alternative expansion
	       by looking farther back.	 Lack of more matches is signaled by a
	       beep().	Attempts to expand an empty word (i.e.,	when cursor is
	       preceded	 by  a	space)	yield successively all previous	words.
	       Consecutive identical expansions	are ignored.  The word here is
	       defined	as a sequence of non-whitespace	characters.  This fea-
	       ture partially emulates the behavior of `dynamic	 abbreviation'
	       expansion  in  Emacs  (bound there to M-/).  Here is a resource
	       setting for xterm which will do the same	thing: *VT100*transla-
	       tions:	  #override  \n\	 Meta <KeyPress> /:dabbrev-ex-
	       pand()

       deiconify()
	       Changes the window state	back to	normal,	if it was iconified.

       delete-is-del()
	       This action toggles the state of	the deleteIsDEL	resource.

       dired-button()
	       Handles a button	event (other than press	and release) by	 echo-
	       ing  the	 event's position (i.e., character line	and column) in
	       the following format:

		       ^X ESC G	<line+'	'> <col+' '>

       iconify()
	       Iconifies the window.

       hard-reset()
	       This action resets the scrolling	region,	tabs, window size, and
	       cursor keys and clears the screen.  It is also invoked from the
	       hardreset entry in vtMenu.

       ignore()
	       This action ignores the event but checks	 for  special  pointer
	       position	escape sequences.

       insert()
	       This action inserts the character or string associated with the
	       key that	was pressed.

       insert-eight-bit()
	       This action inserts an eight-bit	(Meta) version of the  charac-
	       ter  or	string associated with the key that was	pressed.  This
	       only applies to single-byte values.  The	exact  action  depends
	       on  the	value of the metaSendsEscape and the eightBitInput re-
	       sources.	 The metaSendsEscape resource is tested	first.

	       The term	"eight-bit" is misleading: xterm checks	if  the	 key's
	       value  is  less	than 128.  If so, xterm	adds 128 to the	value,
	       setting its eighth bit.	Otherwise xterm	sends an ESC byte  be-
	       fore  the  key.	 In other applications'	documentation, that is
	       referred	to as a	"meta key".

       insert-selection(sourcename [, ...])
	       This action inserts the string found in the selection  or  cut-
	       buffer indicated	by sourcename.	Sources	are checked in the or-
	       der given (case is significant) until one is found.   Commonly-
	       used  selections	 include:  PRIMARY,  SECONDARY,	and CLIPBOARD.
	       Cut buffers are typically named	CUT_BUFFER0  through  CUT_BUF-
	       FER7.

       insert-seven-bit()
	       This  action  is	a synonym for insert() The term	"seven-bit" is
	       misleading: it only implies that	xterm does not try to add  128
	       to the key's value as in	insert-eight-bit().

       interpret(control-sequence)
	       Interpret  the  given  control  sequence	locally, i.e., without
	       passing it to the host.	This works by  inserting  the  control
	       sequence	 at  the front of the input buffer.  Use "\" to	escape
	       octal digits in the string.  Xt does not	allow  you  to	put  a
	       null character (i.e., "\000") in	the string.

       keymap(name)
	       This  action  dynamically defines a new translation table whose
	       resource	name is	name with the suffix Keymap (case is  signifi-
	       cant).  The name	None restores the original translation table.

       larger-vt-font()
	       Set  the	 font to the next larger one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       load-vt-fonts(name[,class])
	       Load fontnames from the given subresource name and class.  That
	       is, load	the "*VT100.name.font",	resource as "*VT100.font" etc.
	       If no name is given, the	original set of	fontnames is restored.

	       Unlike set-vt-font(), this does not affect the escape- and  se-
	       lect-fonts,  since  those are not based on resource values.  It
	       does affect the fonts loosely organized under  the  ``Default''
	       menu entry: font, boldFont, wideFont and	wideBoldFont.

       maximize()
	       Resizes the window to fill the screen.

       meta-sends-escape()
	       This action toggles the state of	the metaSendsEscape resource.

       popup-menu(menuname)
	       This  action  displays  the  specified popup menu.  Valid names
	       (case is	significant) include:  mainMenu, vtMenu, fontMenu, and
	       tekMenu.

       print() This  action prints the window and is also invoked by the print
	       entry in	mainMenu.

       print-redir()
	       This action toggles the printerControlMode  between  0  and  2.
	       The  corresponding popup	menu entry is useful for switching the
	       printer off if you happen to change your	mind after deciding to
	       print random binary files on the	terminal.

       quit()  This  action sends a SIGHUP to the subprogram and exits.	 It is
	       also invoked by the quit	entry in mainMenu.

       redraw()
	       This action redraws the window and is also invoked by  the  re-
	       draw entry in mainMenu.

       restore()
	       Restores	the window to the size before it was last maximized.

       scroll-back(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This  action scrolls the	text window backward so	that text that
	       had previously scrolled off the top of the screen is now	 visi-
	       ble.

	       The  count argument indicates the number	of units (which	may be
	       page, halfpage, pixel, or line) by which	to scroll.

	       An adjustment can be specified for these	values by appending  a
	       "+" or "-" sign followed	by a number, e.g., page-2 to specify 2
	       lines less than a page.

	       If the third parameter mouse is given, the  action  is  ignored
	       when mouse reporting is enabled.

       scroll-forw(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This action is similar to scroll-back except that it scrolls in
	       the other direction.

       secure()
	       This action toggles the Secure Keyboard mode described  in  the
	       section named SECURITY, and is invoked from the securekbd entry
	       in mainMenu.

       select-cursor-end(destname [, ...])
	       This action is similar to select-end except that	it  should  be
	       used with select-cursor-start.

       select-cursor-extend()
	       This  action  is	similar	to select-extend except	that it	should
	       be used with select-cursor-start.

       select-cursor-start()
	       This action is similar to select-start except  that  it	begins
	       the selection at	the current text cursor	position.

       select-end(destname [, ...])
	       This  action  puts  the currently selected text into all	of the
	       selections or cutbuffers	specified by destname.

       select-extend()
	       This action tracks the pointer and extends the  selection.   It
	       should only be bound to Motion events.

       select-set()
	       This  action stores text	that corresponds to the	current	selec-
	       tion, without affecting the selection mode.

       select-start()
	       This action begins text selection at the	current	pointer	 loca-
	       tion.  See the section on POINTER USAGE for information on mak-
	       ing selections.

       send-signal(signame)
	       This action sends the signal named by signame to	the xterm sub-
	       process	(the  shell  or	 program specified with	the -e command
	       line option) and	is also	invoked	by the suspend,	continue,  in-
	       terrupt,	 hangup, terminate, and	kill entries in	mainMenu.  Al-
	       lowable signal names are	(case is not  significant):  tstp  (if
	       supported  by  the  operating  system), suspend (same as	tstp),
	       cont (if	supported by the operating system),  int,  hup,	 term,
	       quit, alrm, alarm (same as alrm)	and kill.

       set-allow132(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	c132 resource and is also invoked from
	       the allow132 entry in vtMenu.

       set-altscreen(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles between the alternate and current screens.

       set-appcursor(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	Application  Cursor  Key  mode
	       and is also invoked by the appcursor entry in vtMenu.

       set-appkeypad(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	of Application Keypad mode and
	       is also invoked by the appkeypad	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autolinefeed(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles automatic insertion	of  linefeeds  and  is
	       also invoked by the autolinefeed	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autowrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  automatic	 wrapping of long lines	and is
	       also invoked by the autowrap entry in vtMenu.

       set-backarrow(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the backarrowKey resource and is  also  in-
	       voked from the backarrow	key entry in vtMenu.

       set-bellIsUrgent(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles the bellIsUrgent resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the bellIsUrgent entry in vtMenu.

       set-cursorblink(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the cursorBlink resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked from the cursorblink entry	in vtMenu.

       set-cursesemul(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  curses resource and is also invoked
	       from the	cursesemul entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-doublesize(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the fontDoublesize resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the font-doublesize entry in fontMenu.

       set-hp-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the hpFunctionKeys resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the hpFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-jumpscroll(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the jumpscroll resource and is also invoked
	       by the jumpscroll entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-linedrawing(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  xterm's state regarding whether the
	       current font has	line-drawing characters	and whether it	should
	       draw them directly.  It is also invoked by the font-linedrawing
	       entry in	fontMenu.

       set-keep-selection(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the keepSelection resource and is also  in-
	       voked by	the keepSelection entry	in vtMenu.

       set-logging()
	       This action toggles the state of	the logging option.

       set-old-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the state	of legacy function keys	and is
	       also invoked by the oldFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-marginbell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the marginBell resource.

       set-num-lock()
	       This action toggles the state of	the numLock resource.

       set-pop-on-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the popOnBell resource and is also  invoked
	       by the poponbell	entry in vtMenu.

       set-render-font(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the renderFont resource and is also invoked
	       by the render-font entry	in fontMenu.

       set-reverse-video(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the reverseVideo resource and is  also  in-
	       voked by	the reversevideo entry in vtMenu.

       set-reversewrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the reverseWrap resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the reversewrap	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-key(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollKey resource and is also  invoked
	       from the	scrollkey entry	in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-tty-output(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the scrollTtyOutput resource and is also
	       invoked from the	scrollttyoutput	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scrollbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollbar resource and is also  invoked
	       by the scrollbar	entry in vtMenu.

       set-select(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	selectToClipboard resource and is also
	       invoked by the selectToClipboard	entry in vtMenu.

       set-sco-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scoFunctionKeys resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked by the scoFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the sunFunctionKeys resource and is also
	       invoked by the sunFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-keyboard(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the sunKeyboard resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked by	the sunKeyboard	entry in mainMenu.

       set-tek-text(large/2/3/small)
	       This action sets	font used in the Tektronix window to the value
	       of the resources	tektextlarge,  tektext2,  tektext3,  and  tek-
	       textsmall according to the argument.  It	is also	invoked	by the
	       entries of the same names as the	resources in tekMenu.

       set-terminal-type(type)
	       This action directs output to either the	vt or tek windows, ac-
	       cording	to the type string.  It	is also	invoked	by the tekmode
	       entry in	vtMenu and the vtmode entry in tekMenu.

       set-titeInhibit(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the titeInhibit  resource,  which  controls
	       switching between the alternate and current screens.

       set-toolbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	toolbar	feature	and is also invoked by
	       the toolbar entry in mainMenu.

       set-utf8-mode(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the utf8 resource and is  also  invoked  by
	       the utf8-mode entry in fontMenu.

       set-utf8-title(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	utf8Title resource and is also invoked
	       by the utf8-title entry in fontMenu.

       set-visibility(vt/tek,on/off/toggle)
	       This action controls whether or not the vt or tek  windows  are
	       visible.	  It  is  also invoked from the	tekshow	and vthide en-
	       tries in	vtMenu and the vtshow and tekhide entries in tekMenu.

       set-visual-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the visualBell resource and is also invoked
	       by the visualbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-vt-font(d/1/2/3/4/5/6/e/s [,normalfont [, boldfont]])
	       This  action sets the font or fonts currently being used	in the
	       VT102 window.  The first	argument is a  single  character  that
	       specifies the font to be	used:

	       d  or D indicate	the default font (the font initially used when
		      xterm was	started),

	       1 through 6 indicate the	fonts specified	by the	font1  through
		      font6 resources,

	       e  or  E	 indicate the normal and bold fonts that have been set
		      through escape codes (or specified  as  the  second  and
		      third action arguments, respectively), and

	       s or S indicate the font	selection (as made by programs such as
		      xfontsel(1)) indicated by	the second action argument.

	       If xterm	is configured to support  wide	characters,  an	 addi-
	       tional  two  optional parameters	are recognized for the e argu-
	       ment: wide font and wide	bold font.

       smaller-vt-font()
	       Set the font to the next	smaller	one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       soft-reset()
	       This  action  resets  the  scrolling region and is also invoked
	       from the	softreset entry	in vtMenu.  The	effect is identical to
	       a soft reset (DECSTR) control sequence.

       spawn-new-terminal(params)
	       Spawn  a	new xterm process.  This is available on systems which
	       have a modern version of	the process filesystem,	e.g., "/proc",
	       which xterm can read.

	       Use  the	 "cwd"	process	entry, e.g., /proc/12345/cwd to	obtain
	       the working directory of	the process which is  running  in  the
	       current xterm.

	       On   systems   which   have  the	 "exe"	process	 entry,	 e.g.,
	       /proc/12345/exe,	use this  to  obtain  the  actual  executable.
	       Otherwise, use the $PATH	variable to find xterm.

	       If  parameters  are  given  in the action, pass them to the new
	       xterm process.

       start-extend()
	       This action is similar to select-start except that  the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current pointer location.

       start-cursor-extend()
	       This  action is similar to select-extend	except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current text cursor position.

       string(string)
	       This action inserts the specified text string as	if it had been
	       typed.	Quotation  is  necessary if the	string contains	white-
	       space or	non-alphanumeric characters.  If the  string  argument
	       begins  with  the characters ``0x'', it is interpreted as a hex
	       character constant.

       tek-copy()
	       This action copies the escape codes used	to generate  the  cur-
	       rent  window contents to	a file in the current directory	begin-
	       ning with the name COPY.	 It is also invoked from  the  tekcopy
	       entry in	tekMenu.

       tek-page()
	       This  action clears the Tektronix window	and is also invoked by
	       the tekpage entry in tekMenu.

       tek-reset()
	       This action resets the Tektronix	window and is also invoked  by
	       the tekreset entry in tekMenu.

       vi-button()
	       Handles	a button event (other than press and release) by echo-
	       ing a control sequence computed from the	event's	line number in
	       the screen relative to the current line:

		       ESC ^P
	       or
		       ESC ^N

	       according  to whether the event is before, or after the current
	       line, respectively.  The	^N (or ^P) is repeated once  for  each
	       line that the event differs from	the current line.  The control
	       sequence	is omitted altogether if the button event  is  on  the
	       current line.

       visual-bell()
	       This action flashes the window quickly.

       The Tektronix window also has the following action:

       gin-press(l/L/m/M/r/R)
	       This action sends the indicated graphics	input code.

       The default bindings in the VT102 window	use the	SELECT token, which is
       set by the selectToClipboard resource:
		 Shift <KeyPress> Prior:scroll-back(1,halfpage)	\n\
		  Shift	<KeyPress> Next:scroll-forw(1,halfpage)	\n\
		Shift <KeyPress> Select:select-cursor-start() \
					select-cursor-end(SELECT, CUT_BUFFER0)
       \n\
		Shift  <KeyPress> Insert:insert-selection(SELECT, CUT_BUFFER0)
       \n\
		   <KeyPress> XF86Paste:insert-selection(SELECT,  CUT_BUFFER0)
       \n\
		    <KeyPress>	SunPaste:insert-selection(SELECT, CUT_BUFFER0)
       \n\
	   Shift~Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:larger-vt-font() \n\
	   Shift Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:smaller-vt-font() \n\
	   Shift <KeyPress> KP_Subtract:smaller-vt-font() \n\
		       ~Meta <KeyPress>:insert-seven-bit() \n\
			Meta <KeyPress>:insert-eight-bit() \n\
		       !Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	    ! @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		       ~Meta <Btn1Down>:select-start() \n\
		     ~Meta <Btn1Motion>:select-extend()	\n\
		       !Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
	    ! @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		 ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Down>:ignore() \n\
			Meta <Btn2Down>:clear-saved-lines() \n\
		   ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Up>:insert-selection(SELECT,  CUT_BUFFER0)
       \n\
		       !Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
	    ! @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		 ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn3Down>:start-extend() \n\
		     ~Meta <Btn3Motion>:select-extend()	\n\
			Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		   Lock	Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	 Lock @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	      @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
			     <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(5,line,m)	  \n\
			Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		   Lock	Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	 Lock @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	      @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
			     <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(5,line,m)	  \n\
				<BtnUp>:select-end(SELECT, CUT_BUFFER0)	\n\
			      <BtnDown>:ignore()

       The  default  bindings  for  the	scrollbar widget are separate from the
       VT100 widget:
			     <Btn5Down>: StartScroll(Forward) \n\
			     <Btn1Down>: StartScroll(Forward) \n\
			     <Btn2Down>:  StartScroll(Continuous)  MoveThumb()
       NotifyThumb() \n\
			     <Btn3Down>: StartScroll(Backward) \n\
			     <Btn4Down>: StartScroll(Backward) \n\
			     <Btn2Motion>: MoveThumb() NotifyThumb() \n\
			     <BtnUp>:	    NotifyScroll(Proportional)	  End-
       Scroll()

       The default bindings in the Tektronix window are:
			~Meta<KeyPress>: insert-seven-bit() \n\
			 Meta<KeyPress>: insert-eight-bit() \n\
		       !Ctrl <Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	     !Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		       !Ctrl <Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
	     !Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		  Shift	~Meta<Btn1Down>: gin-press(L) \n\
			~Meta<Btn1Down>: gin-press(l) \n\
		  Shift	~Meta<Btn2Down>: gin-press(M) \n\
			~Meta<Btn2Down>: gin-press(m) \n\
		  Shift	~Meta<Btn3Down>: gin-press(R) \n\
			~Meta<Btn3Down>: gin-press(r)

       Here is an example which	uses shifted select/paste to copy to the clip-
       board,  and  unshifted select/paste for the primary selection.  In each
       case, a (different) cut buffer is also a	target or source  of  the  se-
       lect/paste  operation.	It  is important to remember however, that cut
       buffers store data in ISO-8859-1	encoding, while	selections  can	 store
       data  in	 a variety of formats and encodings.  While xterm owns the se-
       lection,	it highlights it.  When	it loses the selection,	it removes the
       corresponding  highlight.  But you can still paste from the correspond-
       ing cut buffer.	*VT100*translations:	#override \n\
	   ~Shift~Ctrl<Btn2Up>:	insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	   Shift~Ctrl<Btn2Up>:	insert-selection(CLIPBOARD, CUT_BUFFER1) \n\
	   ~Shift<BtnUp>:	select-end(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	   Shift<BtnUp>:	select-end(CLIPBOARD, CUT_BUFFER1)

       Below is	a sample how of	the keymap() action is	used  to  add  special
       keys  for entering commonly-typed works:	*VT100.Translations: #override
       <Key>F13:      keymap(dbx)	*VT100.dbxKeymap.translations:	     \
	    <Key>F14: keymap(None)	\n\	      <Key>F17:	string("next")
       string(0x0d)   \n\	 <Key>F18: string("step")   string(0x0d)   \n\
	    <Key>F19: string("continue")	    string(0x0d)	   \n\
	    <Key>F20: string("print ") insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0)

       Some people prefer using	the  left  pointer  button  for	 dragging  the
       scrollbar  thumb.   That	 can be	setup by altering the translations re-
       source,	   e.g.,      *VT100.scrollbar.translations:#override	   \n\
	    <Btn5Down>:StartScroll(Forward)				   \n\
	    <Btn1Down>:StartScroll(Continuous) MoveThumb()  NotifyThumb()  \n\
	    <Btn4Down>:StartScroll(Backward) \n\      <Btn1Motion>:MoveThumb()
       NotifyThumb() \n\      <BtnUp>:	NotifyScroll(Proportional) EndScroll()

CONTROL	SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD
       The Xterm Control Sequences document lists the control sequences	 which
       an  application	can  send xterm	to make	it perform various operations.
       Most of these operations	are standardized, from either the DEC or  Tek-
       tronix terminals, or from more widely used standards such as ISO-6429.

ENVIRONMENT
       Xterm sets several environment variables:

       DISPLAY
	    is	the  display name, pointing to the X server (see DISPLAY NAMES
	    in X()).

       TERM is set according to	the termcap (or	terminfo) entry	 which	it  is
	    using as a reference.

       WINDOWID
	    is set to the X window id number of	the xterm window.

       XTERM_LOCALE
	    shows  the	locale which was used by xterm on startup.  Some shell
	    initialization scripts may set a different locale.

       XTERM_SHELL
	    is set to the pathname of the program which	is  invoked.   Usually
	    that is a shell program, e.g., /bin/sh.  Since it is not necessar-
	    ily	a shell	program	however, it is distinct	from ``SHELL''.

       XTERM_VERSION
	    is set to the string displayed by the -version  option.   That  is
	    normally  an  identifier  for the X	Window libraries used to build
	    xterm, followed by xterm's patch number in parenthesis.  The patch
	    number  is	also  part  of	the response to	a Secondary Device At-
	    tributes (DA) control sequence (see	Xterm Control Sequences).

       Depending on your system	configuration, xterm may also set the  follow-
       ing:

       COLUMNS
	    the	width of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty columns").

       HOME when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       LINES
	    the	height of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty rows").

       LOGNAME
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       SHELL
	    when  xterm	 is  configured	to update utmp.	 It is also set	if you
	    provide the	shell name as the optional parameter.

       TERMCAP
	    the	contents of the	termcap	entry  corresponding  to  $TERM,  with
	    lines  and	columns	 values	substituted for	the actual size	window
	    you	have created.

       TERMINFO
	    may	be defined to a	nonstandard location in	the configure script.

FILES
       The actual pathnames given may differ on	your system.

       /etc/utmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins.

       /etc/wtmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins and logouts.

       /usr/local/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm
	    the	xterm default application resources.

       /usr/local/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm-color
	    the	xterm color application	resources.  If your  display  supports
	    color, use this
		      *customization: -color
	    in	your  .Xdefaults  file to automatically	use this resource file
	    rather than	/usr/local/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm.	If you do  not
	    do	this, xterm uses its compiled-in default resource settings for
	    colors.

ERROR MESSAGES
       Most of the fatal error messages	from xterm use the following format:
	      xterm: Error XXX,	errno YYY: ZZZ
       The XXX codes (which are	used by	xterm as its exit-code)	are listed be-
       low, with a brief explanation.

       1    is	used  for  miscellaneous errors, usually accompanied by	a spe-
	    cific message,

       11   ERROR_FIONBIO
	    main: ioctl() failed on FIONBIO

       12   ERROR_F_GETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_GETFL

       13   ERROR_F_SETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_SETFL

       14   ERROR_OPDEVTTY
	    spawn: open() failed on /dev/tty

       15   ERROR_TIOCGETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCGETP

       17   ERROR_PTSNAME
	    spawn: ptsname() failed

       18   ERROR_OPPTSNAME
	    spawn: open() failed on ptsname

       19   ERROR_PTEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ptem"

       20   ERROR_CONSEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"consem"

       21   ERROR_LDTERM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ldterm"

       22   ERROR_TTCOMPAT
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ttcompat"

       23   ERROR_TIOCSETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETP

       24   ERROR_TIOCSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETC

       25   ERROR_TIOCSETD
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETD

       26   ERROR_TIOCSLTC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSLTC

       27   ERROR_TIOCLSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCLSET

       28   ERROR_INIGROUPS
	    spawn: initgroups()	failed

       29   ERROR_FORK
	    spawn: fork() failed

       30   ERROR_EXEC
	    spawn: exec() failed

       32   ERROR_PTYS
	    get_pty: not enough	ptys

       34   ERROR_PTY_EXEC
	    waiting for	initial	map

       35   ERROR_SETUID
	    spawn: setuid() failed

       36   ERROR_INIT
	    spawn: can't initialize window

       46   ERROR_TIOCKSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSET

       47   ERROR_TIOCKSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSETC

       48   ERROR_SPREALLOC
	    spawn: realloc of ttydev failed

       49   ERROR_LUMALLOC
	    luit: command-line malloc failed

       50   ERROR_SELECT
	    in_put: select() failed

       54   ERROR_VINIT
	    VTInit: can't initialize window

       57   ERROR_KMMALLOC1
	    HandleKeymapChange:	malloc failed

       60   ERROR_TSELECT
	    Tinput: select() failed

       64   ERROR_TINIT
	    TekInit: can't initialize window

       71   ERROR_BMALLOC2
	    SaltTextAway: malloc() failed

       80   ERROR_LOGEXEC
	    StartLog: exec() failed

       83   ERROR_XERROR
	    xerror: XError event

       84   ERROR_XIOERROR
	    xioerror: X	I/O error

       90   ERROR_SCALLOC
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on base

       91   ERROR_SCALLOC2
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on rows

       92   ERROR_SREALLOC
	    ScreenResize: realloc() failed on alt base

       96   ERROR_RESIZE
	    ScreenResize: malloc() or realloc()	failed

       102  ERROR_SAVE_PTR
	    ScrnPointers: malloc/realloc() failed

       110  ERROR_SBRALLOC
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on base

       111  ERROR_SBRALLOC2
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on rows

       121  ERROR_MMALLOC
	    my_memmove:	malloc/realloc failed

BUGS
       Large pastes do not work	on some	systems.  This is not a	bug in	xterm;
       it  is  a  bug  in  the pseudo terminal driver of those systems.	 xterm
       feeds large pastes to the pty only as fast as the pty will accept data,
       but  some  pty  drivers do not return enough information	to know	if the
       write has succeeded.

       Many of the options are not resettable after xterm starts.

       This program still needs	to be rewritten.  It should be split into very
       modular	sections, with the various emulators being completely separate
       widgets that do not know	about each other.  Ideally, you'd like	to  be
       able  to	 pick and choose emulator widgets and stick them into a	single
       control widget.

       There needs to be a dialog box to allow entry  of  the  Tek  COPY  file
       name.

SEE ALSO
       resize(1), luit(1), X(),	pty(4),	tty(4)
       Xterm Control Sequences (this is	the file ctlseqs.ms).

       http://invisible-island.net/xterm/xterm.html
       http://invisible-island.net/xterm/ctlseqs/ctlseqs.html

AUTHORS
       Far too many people, including:

       Loretta Guarino Reid (DEC-UEG-WSL), Joel	McCormack (DEC-UEG-WSL), Terry
       Weissman	(DEC-UEG-WSL), Edward Moy (Berkeley),  Ralph  R.  Swick	 (MIT-
       Athena),	 Mark  Vandevoorde  (MIT-Athena),  Bob McNamara	(DEC-MAD), Jim
       Gettys (MIT-Athena), Bob	Scheifler (MIT X Consortium), Doug Mink	(SAO),
       Steve  Pitschke	(Stellar),  Ron	Newman (MIT-Athena), Jim Fulton	(MIT X
       Consortium), Dave Serisky (HP), Jonathan	Kamens (MIT-Athena), Jason Ba-
       con, Stephen P. Wall, David Wexelblat, and Thomas Dickey	(invisible-is-
       land.net).

				X Window System			      XTERM(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EMULATIONS | OTHER FEATURES | OPTIONS | RESOURCES | POINTER USAGE | MENUS | SECURITY | CHARACTER CLASSES | ACTIONS | CONTROL SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | ERROR MESSAGES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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