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XTERM(1)		    General Commands Manual		      XTERM(1)

NAME
       xterm - terminal	emulator for X

SYNOPSIS
       xterm [-toolkitoption ...] [-option ...]

DESCRIPTION
       The  xterm  program is a	terminal emulator for the X Window System.  It
       provides	DEC VT102/VT220	(VTxxx)	and Tektronix 4014  compatible	termi-
       nals  for  programs that	cannot use the window system directly.	If the
       underlying operating system  supports  terminal	resizing  capabilities
       (for  example,  the  SIGWINCH  signal  in systems derived from 4.3bsd),
       xterm will use the facilities to	notify programs	running	in the	window
       whenever	it is resized.

       The  VTxxx  and	Tektronix 4014 terminals each have their own window so
       that you	can edit text in one and look at graphics in the other at  the
       same  time.   To	maintain the correct aspect ratio (height/width), Tek-
       tronix graphics will be restricted to the largest box with a 4014's as-
       pect ratio that will fit	in the window.	This box is located in the up-
       per left	area of	the window.

       Although	both windows may be displayed at the same time,	one of them is
       considered  the ``active'' window for receiving keyboard	input and ter-
       minal output.  This is the window that contains the text	 cursor.   The
       active  window  can  be	chosen	through	escape sequences, the ``VT Op-
       tions'' menu in the VTxxx window, and the ``Tek Options'' menu  in  the
       4014 window.

EMULATIONS
       The  VT102  emulation  is fairly	complete, but does not support autore-
       peat.  Double-size characters  are  displayed  properly	if  your  font
       server  supports	 scalable fonts.  The VT220 emulation does not support
       soft fonts, it is otherwise complete.   Termcap(5)  entries  that  work
       with  xterm  include  an	 optional  platform-specific entry, ``xterm,''
       ``vt102,'' ``vt100'' and	``ansi,'' and ``dumb.''	  xterm	 automatically
       searches	the termcap file in this order for these entries and then sets
       the ``TERM'' and	the ``TERMCAP''	environment variables.	You  may  also
       use  ``vt220,''	 but  must  set	 the terminal emulation	level with the
       decTerminalID resource.	(The ``TERMCAP'' environment variable  is  not
       set  if xterm is	linked against a terminfo library, since the requisite
       information is not provided by the termcap emulation  of	 terminfo  li-
       braries).

       Many  of	 the special xterm features may	be modified under program con-
       trol through a set of escape  sequences	different  from	 the  standard
       VT102 escape sequences.	(See the Xterm Control Sequences document.)

       The  Tektronix  4014 emulation is also fairly good.  It supports	12-bit
       graphics	addressing, scaled to the window size.	 Four  different  font
       sizes and five different	lines types are	supported.  There is no	write-
       through or defocused mode support.  The	Tektronix  text	 and  graphics
       commands	 are recorded internally by xterm and may be written to	a file
       by sending the COPY escape sequence (or through the Tektronix menu; see
       below).	 The  name  of	the  file will be ``COPYyyyy-MM-dd.hh:mm:ss'',
       where yyyy, MM, dd, hh, mm and ss  are  the  year,  month,  day,	 hour,
       minute  and  second when	the COPY was performed (the file is created in
       the directory xterm is started in, or the home directory	 for  a	 login
       xterm).

       Not all of the features described in this manual	are necessarily	avail-
       able in this version of xterm.  Some (e.g., the	non-VT220  extensions)
       are  available only if they were	compiled in, though the	most commonly-
       used are	in the default configuration.

OTHER FEATURES
       Xterm automatically highlights the text cursor when the pointer	enters
       the  window  (selected) and unhighlights	it when	the pointer leaves the
       window (unselected).  If	the window is the focus	window,	then the  text
       cursor is highlighted no	matter where the pointer is.

       In VT102	mode, there are	escape sequences to activate and deactivate an
       alternate screen	buffer,	which is the same size as the display area  of
       the  window.   When activated, the current screen is saved and replaced
       with the	alternate screen.  Saving of lines scrolled off	the top	of the
       window is disabled until	the normal screen is restored.	The termcap(5)
       entry for xterm allows the visual editor	vi(1) to switch	to the	alter-
       nate  screen  for  editing  and to restore the screen on	exit.  A popup
       menu entry makes	it simple to switch between the	normal	and  alternate
       screens for cut and paste.

       In either VT102 or Tektronix mode, there	are escape sequences to	change
       the name	of the windows.	 Additionally, in VT102	mode, xterm implements
       the window-manipulation control sequences from dtterm, such as resizing
       the window, setting its location	on the screen.

       Xterm allows character-based applications to receive mouse events (cur-
       rently  button-press  and  release events, and button-motion events) as
       keyboard	control	sequences.  See	Xterm Control Sequences	for details.

OPTIONS
       The xterm terminal emulator accepts all of the standard X Toolkit  com-
       mand  line options as well as the following.  If	the option begins with
       a `+' instead of	a `-', the option is restored to  its  default	value.
       The  -version  and  -help  options are interpreted even if xterm	cannot
       open the	display, and are useful	for testing and	configuration scripts:

       -version
	       This causes xterm to print a version  number  to	 the  standard
	       output.

       -help   This causes xterm to print out a	verbose	message	describing its
	       options.	 The message is	written	to the standard	error.

       The other options are used to control the appearance and	behavior.  Not
       all options are necessarily configured into your	copy of	xterm.

       -132    Normally,  the  VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence that switches be-
	       tween 80	and 132	column mode is ignored.	  This	option	causes
	       the  DECCOLM  escape  sequence  to be recognized, and the xterm
	       window will resize appropriately.

       -ah     This option indicates that xterm	should	always	highlight  the
	       text cursor.  By	default, xterm will display a hollow text cur-
	       sor whenever the	focus is lost or the pointer leaves  the  win-
	       dow.

       +ah     This  option  indicates	that xterm should do text cursor high-
	       lighting	based on focus.

       -ai     This option disables active icon	support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to FALSE.

       +ai     This option enables active icon support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to TRUE.

       -aw     This option indicates that auto-wraparound should  be  allowed.
	       This  allows  the cursor	to automatically wrap to the beginning
	       of the next line	when when it is	at the rightmost position of a
	       line and	text is	output.

       +aw     This  option  indicates	that auto-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -b number
	       This option specifies the size of the inner  border  (the  dis-
	       tance  between  the outer edge of the characters	and the	window
	       border) in pixels.  The default is 2.

       +bc     turn off	text cursor blinking.  This overrides the  cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bc     turn  on	 text cursor blinking.	This overrides the cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bcf milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is off when blinking

       -bcn milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is on when blinking

       -bdc    Set the vt100 resource colorBDMode to FALSE, disabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute as color

       +bdc    Set  the	 vt100 resource	colorBDMode to TRUE, enabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute  as  color  rather  than
	       bold

       -cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to FALSE.

       +cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to TRUE.

       -cc characterclassrange:value[,...]
	       This  sets  classes  indicated by the given ranges for using in
	       selecting by  words.   See  the	section	 specifying  character
	       classes.

       -cjk_width
	       Set the cjkWidth	resource to ``true''.  When turned on, charac-
	       ters with East Asian Ambiguous (A) category in UTR  11  have  a
	       column  width  of  2.  Othrwise,	they have a column width of 1.
	       This may	be useful for some legacy CJK text terminal-based pro-
	       grams  assuming	box drawings and others	to have	a column width
	       of 2.  It also has to be	turned on when you specify a  truetype
	       CJK  double-width  (bi-width/monospace) font either with	-fa at
	       the  command  line  or  faceName	 resource.   The  default   is
	       ``false''

       +cjk_width
	       Reset the cjkWidth resource.

       -class string
	       This  option  allows  you  to  override xterm's resource	class.
	       Normally	it is ``XTerm'', but can be set	to another class  such
	       as ``UXTerm'' to	override selected resources.

       -cm     This  option  disables  recognition of ANSI color-change	escape
	       sequences.

       +cm     This option enables recognition of ANSI color-change escape se-
	       quences.	 This is the same as the vt100 resource	colorMode.

       -cn     This  option indicates that newlines should not be cut in line-
	       mode selections.

       +cn     This option indicates that newlines should be cut in  line-mode
	       selections.

       -cr color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for text cursor.  The
	       default is to use the same foreground color that	 is  used  for
	       text.

       -cu     This  option  indicates	that xterm should work around a	bug in
	       the more(1) program that	causes it to incorrectly display lines
	       that  are exactly the width of the window and are followed by a
	       line beginning with a tab (the leading tabs are not displayed).
	       This option is so named because it was originally thought to be
	       a bug in	the curses(3x) cursor motion package.

       +cu     This option indicates that xterm	should	not  work  around  the
	       more(1) bug mentioned above.

       -dc     This option disables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors: the	vt100 foreground and background	colors,	its text  cur-
	       sor color, the pointer cursor foreground	and background colors,
	       the Tektronix emulator foreground and  background  colors,  its
	       text cursor color and highlight color.

       +dc     This  option enables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors.

       -e program [ arguments ... ]
	       This option specifies the program (and its command  line	 argu-
	       ments)  to be run in the	xterm window.  It also sets the	window
	       title and icon name to be the basename of the program being ex-
	       ecuted  if  neither  -T	nor  -n	are given on the command line.
	       This must be the	last option on the command line.

       -en encoding
	       This option determines the encoding on which  xterm  runs.   It
	       corresponds to the locale resource.  Encodings other than UTF-8
	       are supported by	using luit.  The -lc option should be used in-
	       stead of	-en for	systems	with locale support.

       -fb font
	       This  option  specifies	a font to be used when displaying bold
	       text.  This font	must be	the same height	and width as the  nor-
	       mal  font.   If	only one of the	normal or bold fonts is	speci-
	       fied, it	will be	used as	the normal font	and the	bold font will
	       be  produced  by	 overstriking this font.  The default is to do
	       overstriking of the normal font.	 See also  the	discussion  of
	       boldFont	and boldMode resources.

       -fa pattern
	       This  option  sets  the	pattern	 for  fonts  selected from the
	       FreeType	library	if support for that library was	compiled  into
	       xterm.	This corresponds to the	faceName resource.  When a CJK
	       double-width font is specified, you also	need to	 turn  on  the
	       cjkWidth	resource.

       -fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should compare normal and bold
	       fonts bounding boxes to ensure they are compatible.

       +fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should not compare normal  and
	       bold fonts bounding boxes to ensure they	are compatible.

       -fbx    This  option  indicates	that  xterm should not assume that the
	       normal and bold fonts have VT100	line-drawing  characters.   If
	       any are missing,	xterm will draw	the characters directly.

       +fbx    This  option indicates that xterm should	assume that the	normal
	       and bold	fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.

       -fd pattern
	       This option sets	the pattern for	 double-width  fonts  selected
	       from  the FreeType library if support for that library was com-
	       piled into xterm.  This corresponds to  the  faceNameDoublesize
	       resource.

       -fi font
	       This  option sets the font for active icons if that feature was
	       compiled	into xterm.  See also the discussion of	 the  iconFont
	       resource.

       -fs size
	       This  option  sets  the	pointsize  for fonts selected from the
	       FreeType	library	if support for that library was	compiled  into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceSize	resource.

       -fw font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.  This corresponds to the wideFont resource.

       -fwb font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying bold
	       wide text.  By default, it will attempt to use a	font twice  as
	       wide  as	 the  font that	will be	used to	draw bold text.	 If no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.  This	corresponds to the wideBoldFont	resource.

       -fx font
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.  See also the
	       discussion of the ximFont resource.

       -hc color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       selected	or otherwise highlighted text.	If not specified,  re-
	       verse video is used.

       -hf     This  option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +hf     This option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       not be generated	for function keys.

       -hold   Turn on the hold	resource, i.e.,	xterm will not immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell	command	 completes.   It  will
	       wait  until you use the window manager to destroy/kill the win-
	       dow, or if you use the menu entries that	send a	signal,	 e.g.,
	       HUP or KILL.

       +hold   Turn  off  the  hold resource, i.e., xterm will immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell command completes.

       -ie     Turn on the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., use the pseudo-ter-
	       minal's sense of	the stty erase value.

       +ie     Turn off	the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., set	the stty erase
	       value using the kb string from the termcap entry	 as  a	refer-
	       ence, if	available.

       -im     Turn on the useInsertMode resource.

       +im     Turn off	the useInsertMode resource.

       -into windowId
	       Given  an  X  window identifier (a decimal integer), xterm will
	       reparent	its top-level shell widget to that  window.   This  is
	       used to embed xterm within other	applications.

       -j      This  option  indicates	that  xterm  should do jump scrolling.
	       Normally, text is scrolled one line at a	time; this option  al-
	       lows xterm to move multiple lines at a time so that it does not
	       fall as far behind.  Its	use is strongly	recommended  since  it
	       makes  xterm much faster	when scanning through large amounts of
	       text.  The VT100	escape sequences for  enabling	and  disabling
	       smooth scroll as	well as	the ``VT Options'' menu	can be used to
	       turn this feature on or off.

       +j      This option indicates that xterm	should not do jump scrolling.

       -k8     This option  sets  the  allowC1Printable	 resource.   When  al-
	       lowC1Printable  is  set,	xterm overrides	the mapping of C1 con-
	       trol characters (code 128-159) to treat them as printable.

       +k8     This option resets the allowC1Printable resource.

       -l      Turn logging on.	 Normally logging is not supported, due	to se-
	       curity  concerns.   Some	versions of xterm may have logging en-
	       abled.  The logfile is written  to  the	directory  from	 which
	       xterm is	invoked.  The filename is generated, of	the form

		    XtermLog.XXXXXX

	       or

		    Xterm.log.hostname.yyyy.mm.dd.hh.mm.ss.XXXXXX

	       depending on how	xterm was built.

       +l      Turn logging off.

       -lc     Turn  on	 support  of various encodings according to the	users'
	       locale setting, i.e., LC_ALL,  LC_CTYPE,	 or  LANG  environment
	       variables.   This  is  achieved by turning on UTF-8 mode	and by
	       invoking	luit  for  conversion  between	locale	encodings  and
	       UTF-8.	(luit  is  not invoked in UTF-8	locales.)  This	corre-
	       sponds to the locale resource.

	       The actual list of encodings which are supported	is  determined
	       by  luit.   Consult  the	 luit manual page for further details.
	       See also	the discussion of the -u8 option which supports	 UTF-8
	       locales.

       +lc     Turn  off  support  of automatic	selection of locale encodings.
	       Conventional 8bit mode or, in UTF-8 locales or with -u8 option,
	       UTF-8 mode will be used.

       -lcc path
	       File  name  for the encoding converter from/to locale encodings
	       and UTF-8 which is used with -lc	 option	 or  locale  resource.
	       This corresponds	to the localeFilter resource.

       -leftbar
	       Force  scrollbar	to the left side of VT100 screen.  This	is the
	       default,	unless you have	set the	rightScrollBar resource.

       -lf filename
	       Specify the log-filename.  See the -l option.

       -ls     This option indicates that the shell that  is  started  in  the
	       xterm  window  will be a	login shell (i.e., the first character
	       of argv[0] will be a dash, indicating  to  the  shell  that  it
	       should read the user's .login or	.profile).

	       The  -ls	 flag and the loginShell resource are ignored if -e is
	       also given, because xterm does not know how to make  the	 shell
	       start the given command after whatever it does when it is a lo-
	       gin shell - the user's shell of choice need  not	 be  a	Bourne
	       shell  after all.  Also,	xterm -e is supposed to	provide	a con-
	       sistent functionality for other applications that need to start
	       text-mode  programs in a	window,	and if loginShell were not ig-
	       nored, the result of ~/.profile might interfere with that.

	       If you do want the effect of -ls	and -a simultaneously, you may
	       get away	with something like
		      xterm -e /bin/bash -l -c "my command here"

	       Finally,	 -ls  is  not completely ignored, because xterm	-ls -e
	       does write a /etc/wtmp entry (if	configured to do so),  whereas
	       xterm -e	does not.

       +ls     This option indicates that the shell that is started should not
	       be a login shell	(i.e., it will be a normal ``subshell'').

       -mb     This option indicates that xterm	should ring a margin bell when
	       the  user  types	near the right end of a	line.  This option can
	       be turned on and	off from the ``VT Options'' menu.

       +mb     This option indicates that margin bell should not be rung.

       -mc milliseconds
	       This option specifies the maximum time between multi-click  se-
	       lections.

       -mesg   Turn  off the messages resource,	i.e., disallow write access to
	       the terminal.

       +mesg   Turn on the messages resource, i.e., allow write	access to  the
	       terminal.

       -ms color
	       This option specifies the color to be used for the pointer cur-
	       sor.  The default is to use the foreground color.

       -nb number
	       This option specifies the number	of characters from  the	 right
	       end  of a line at which the margin bell,	if enabled, will ring.
	       The default is 10.

       -nul    This option disables the	display	of underlining.

       +nul    This option enables the display of underlining.

       -pc     This option enables the PC-style	use of bold colors (see	 bold-
	       Colors resource).

       +pc     This option disables the	PC-style use of	bold colors.

       -pob    This option indicates that the window should be raised whenever
	       a Control-G is received.

       +pob    This option indicates that the  window  should  not  be	raised
	       whenever	a Control-G is received.

       -rightbar
	       Force scrollbar to the right side of VT100 screen.

       -rvc    This option disables the	display	of characters with reverse at-
	       tribute as color.

       +rvc    This option enables the display of characters with reverse  at-
	       tribute as color.

       -rw     This  option  indicates	that  reverse-wraparound should	be al-
	       lowed.  This allows the cursor to back  up  from	 the  leftmost
	       column  of  one	line  to  the rightmost	column of the previous
	       line.  This is very useful for editing long shell command lines
	       and  is	encouraged.  This option can be	turned on and off from
	       the ``VT	Options'' menu.

       +rw     This option indicates that reverse-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -s      This  option  indicates	that  xterm may	scroll asynchronously,
	       meaning that the	screen does not	have to	be kept	completely  up
	       to  date	while scrolling.  This allows xterm to run faster when
	       network latencies are very high and is  typically  useful  when
	       running across a	very large internet or many gateways.

       +s      This option indicates that xterm	should scroll synchronously.

       -samename
	       Does  not send title and	icon name change requests when the re-
	       quest would have	no effect: the name is not changed.  This  has
	       the advantage of	preventing flicker and the disadvantage	of re-
	       quiring an extra	round trip to the server to find out the  pre-
	       vious value.  In	practice this should never be a	problem.

       +samename
	       Always send title and icon name change requests.

       -sb     This  option  indicates	that  some  number  of	lines that are
	       scrolled	off the	top of the window should be saved and  that  a
	       scrollbar  should  be  displayed	 so  that  those  lines	can be
	       viewed.	This option may	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +sb     This option indicates that a scrollbar should not be displayed.

       -sf     This option indicates that Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +sf     This option indicates that the standard escape codes should  be
	       generated for function keys.

       -si     This  option indicates that output to a window should not auto-
	       matically reposition the	screen to the bottom of	the  scrolling
	       region.	This option can	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +si     This option indicates that output to a window should  cause  it
	       to scroll to the	bottom.

       -sk     This  option  indicates	that  pressing	a  key while using the
	       scrollbar to review previous lines of  text  should  cause  the
	       window  to be repositioned automatically	in the normal position
	       at the bottom of	the scroll region.

       +sk     This option indicates that  pressing  a	key  while  using  the
	       scrollbar should	not cause the window to	be repositioned.

       -sl number
	       This  option  specifies	the  number of lines to	save that have
	       been scrolled off the top of the	screen.	 This  corresponds  to
	       the saveLines resource.	The default is 64.

       -sm     This  option,  corresponding  to	the sessionMgt resource, indi-
	       cates that xterm	should set up session manager callbacks.

       +sm     This option indicates that xterm	should not set up session man-
	       ager callbacks.

       -sp     This  option  indicates that Sun/PC keyboard should be assumed,
	       providing mapping for keypad `+'	to `,',	and  CTRL-F1  to  F13,
	       CTRL-F2 to F14, etc.

       +sp     This  option indicates that the standard	escape codes should be
	       generated for keypad and	function keys.

       -t      This option indicates that  xterm  should  start	 in  Tektronix
	       mode,  rather  than  in	VT102 mode.  Switching between the two
	       windows is done using the ``Options''  menus.   Termcap(5)  en-
	       tries   that   work   with   xterm   ``tek4014,''  ``tek4015,''
	       ``tek4012'', ``tek4013''	and ``tek4010,'' and ``dumb.''	 xterm
	       automatically searches the termcap file in this order for these
	       entries and then	sets the ``TERM'' and the ``TERMCAP'' environ-
	       ment variables.

       +t      This option indicates that xterm	should start in	VT102 mode.

       -ti term_id
	       Specify	the  name used by xterm	to select the correct response
	       to terminal ID queries.	It also	specifies the emulation	level,
	       used  to	 determine  the	 type  of response to a	DA control se-
	       quence.	Valid values include vt52, vt100,  vt101,  vt102,  and
	       vt220  (the  "vt"  is  optional).   The	default	is vt100.  The
	       term_id argument	specifies the terminal ID to  use.   (This  is
	       the same	as the decTerminalID resource).

       -tm string
	       This  option  specifies	a  series of terminal setting keywords
	       followed	by the characters that should be bound to those	 func-
	       tions,  similar	to  the	 stty program.	The keywords and their
	       values are described in detail in the ttyModes resource.

       -tn name
	       This option specifies the name of the terminal type to  be  set
	       in  the	TERM  environment  variable.   It  corresponds	to the
	       termName	resource.  This	terminal type must exist in the	termi-
	       nal  database  (termcap	or terminfo, depending on how xterm is
	       built) and should have li# and co# entries.   If	 the  terminal
	       type  is	 not  found,  xterm  uses the built-in list ``xterm'',
	       ``vt102'', etc.

       -u8     This option sets	the utf8 resource.  When utf8  is  set,	 xterm
	       interprets incoming data	as UTF-8.  This	sets the wideChars re-
	       source as a side-effect,	but the	UTF-8 mode set by this	option
	       prevents	 it from being turned off.  If you must	turn it	on and
	       off, use	the wideChars resource.

	       This option and the utf8	resource are overridden	by the -lc and
	       -en  options  and  locale resource.  That is, if	xterm has been
	       compiled	to support  luit,  and	the  locale  resource  is  not
	       ``false''  this	option is ignored.  We recommend using the -lc
	       option or the ``locale: true'' resource in UTF-8	 locales  when
	       your  operating	system supports	locale,	or -en UTF-8 option or
	       the ``locale: UTF-8'' resource when your	operating system  does
	       not support locale.

       +u8     This option resets the utf8 resource.

       -ulc    This  option  disables the display of characters	with underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       +ulc    This option enables the display of  characters  with  underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       -ut     This option indicates that xterm	should not write a record into
	       the the system utmp log file.

       +ut     This option indicates that xterm	should write a record into the
	       system utmp log file.

       -vb     This  option  indicates that a visual bell is preferred over an
	       audible one.  Instead of	ringing	the terminal bell  whenever  a
	       Control-G is received, the window will be flashed.

       +vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	should not be used.

       -wc     This  option  sets  the	wideChars resource.  When wideChars is
	       set, xterm maintains internal structures	for 16-bit characters.
	       If  you do not set this resource	to ``true'', xterm will	ignore
	       the escape sequence which turns UTF-8 mode on and off.  The de-
	       fault is	``false''.

       +wc     This option resets the wideChars	resource.

       -wf     This  option indicates that xterm should	wait for the window to
	       be mapped the first time	before starting	the subprocess so that
	       the  initial  terminal  size settings and environment variables
	       are correct.  It	is the application's responsibility  to	 catch
	       subsequent terminal size	changes.

       +wf     This  option indicates that xterm show not wait before starting
	       the subprocess.

       -ziconbeep percent
	       Same as zIconBeep resource.  If	percent	 is  non-zero,	xterms
	       that  produce  output while iconified will cause	an XBell sound
	       at the given volume and have "***" prepended to their icon  ti-
	       tles.   Most  window  managers  will detect this	change immedi-
	       ately, showing you which	window has  the	 output.   (A  similar
	       feature was in x10 xterm.)

       -C      This  option  indicates that this window	should receive console
	       output.	This is	not supported on all systems.  To obtain  con-
	       sole  output,  you must be the owner of the console device, and
	       you must	have read and write permission for  it.	  If  you  are
	       running	X under	xdm on the console screen you may need to have
	       the session startup and reset programs  explicitly  change  the
	       ownership  of the console device	in order to get	this option to
	       work.

       -Sccn   This option allows xterm	to be used  as	an  input  and	output
	       channel	for  an	existing program and is	sometimes used in spe-
	       cialized	applications.  The option value	specifies the last few
	       letters	of the name of a pseudo-terminal to use	in slave mode,
	       plus the	number of the inherited	file descriptor.  If  the  op-
	       tion  contains  a ``/'' character, that delimits	the characters
	       used for	the pseudo-terminal name  from	the  file  descriptor.
	       Otherwise,  exactly two characters are used from	the option for
	       the pseudo-terminal name, the remainder is the file descriptor.
	       Examples:
		      -S123/45
		      -Sab34

	       Note that xterm does not	close any file descriptor which	it did
	       not open	for its	own use.  It is	possible (though probably  not
	       portable)  to have an application which passes an open file de-
	       scriptor	down to	xterm past the initialization or the -S	option
	       to a process running in the xterm.

       The  following  command	line  arguments	are provided for compatibility
       with older versions.  They may not be supported in the next release  as
       the X Toolkit provides standard options that accomplish the same	task.

       %geom   This  option  specifies	the preferred size and position	of the
	       Tektronix window.  It is	shorthand for specifying the ``*tekGe-
	       ometry''	resource.

	#geom  This  option  specifies the preferred position of the icon win-
	       dow.  It	is shorthand for specifying the	``*iconGeometry''  re-
	       source.

       -T string
	       This  option  specifies	the  title for xterm's windows.	 It is
	       equivalent to -title.

       -n string
	       This option specifies the icon name for xterm's windows.	 It is
	       shorthand for specifying	the ``*iconName'' resource.  Note that
	       this is not the same as the toolkit option -name	 (see  below).
	       The default icon	name is	the application	name.

       -r      This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	the foreground and background colors.  It  is  equiva-
	       lent to -rv.

       -w number
	       This  option  specifies	the width in pixels of the border sur-
	       rounding	the window.  It	is equivalent to -borderwidth or -bw.

       The following standard X	Toolkit	command	line  arguments	 are  commonly
       used with xterm:

       -bd color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the border	of the
	       window.	The default is ``black.''

       -bg color
	       This option specifies the color to use for  the	background  of
	       the window.  The	default	is ``white.''

       -bw number
	       This  option  specifies	the width in pixels of the border sur-
	       rounding	the window.

       -display	display
	       This option specifies the X server to contact; see X(1).

       -fg color
	       This option specifies the color to  use	for  displaying	 text.
	       The default is ``black.''

       -fn font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for displaying	normal
	       text.  The default is fixed.

       -font font
	       This is the same	as -fn.

       -geometry geometry
	       This option specifies the preferred size	and  position  of  the
	       VT102 window; see X(1).

       -iconic This  option indicates that xterm should	ask the	window manager
	       to start	it as an icon rather than as the normal	window.

       -name name
	       This option specifies the  application  name  under  which  re-
	       sources	are to be obtained, rather than	the default executable
	       file name.  Name	should not contain ``.'' or ``*'' characters.

       -rv     This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	the foreground and background colors.

       +rv     Disable	the simulation of reverse video	by swapping foreground
	       and background colors.

       -title string
	       This option specifies the window	title  string,	which  may  be
	       displayed  by  window managers if the user so chooses.  The de-
	       fault title is the command line specified after the -e  option,
	       if any, otherwise the application name.

       -xrm resourcestring
	       This  option  specifies	a resource string to be	used.  This is
	       especially useful for setting resources that do not have	 sepa-
	       rate command line options.

RESOURCES
       The  program  understands  all of the core X Toolkit resource names and
       classes.	 Application specific resources	(e.g., "XTerm.NAME") follow:

       backarrowKeyIsErase (class BackarrowKeyIsErase)
	       Tie the VTxxx backarrowKey and  ptyInitialErase	resources  to-
	       gether  by  setting  the	 DECBKM	state according	to whether the
	       initial value of	stty erase is a	backspace (8) or delete	 (127)
	       character.   The	default	is ``false'', which disables this fea-
	       ture.

       hold (class Hold)
	       If true,	xterm will not immediately destroy its window when the
	       shell command completes.	 It will wait until you	use the	window
	       manager to destroy/kill the window, or if you use the menu  en-
	       tries  that  send  a signal, e.g., HUP or KILL.	You may	scroll
	       back, select text, etc.,	to perform most	graphical  operations.
	       Resizing	 the  display  will lose data, however,	since this in-
	       volves interaction with the shell which is no longer running.

       hpFunctionKeys (class HpFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	HP Function Key	escape codes should be
	       generated  for  function	 keys  instead	of standard escape se-
	       quences.

       iconGeometry (class IconGeometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position  of  the  application
	       when  iconified.	  It  is  not necessarily obeyed by all	window
	       managers.

       iconName	(class IconName)
	       Specifies the icon name.	 The default is	the application	name.

       messages	(class Messages)
	       Specifies whether write access to the terminal is allowed  ini-
	       tially.	See mesg(1).  The default is ``true''.

       ptyHandshake (classPtyHandshake)
	       If  ``true'', xterm will	perform	handshaking during initializa-
	       tion to ensure that the parent and child	processes  update  the
	       utmp  and stty state.  Platforms	with newer pseudo-terminal in-
	       terfaces	do not require this feature; normally it is  not  con-
	       figured.	 The default is	``true''.

       ptyInitialErase (class PtyInitialErase)
	       If  ``true'', xterm will	use the	pseudo-terminal's sense	of the
	       stty erase value.  If ``false'',	xterm will set the stty	 erase
	       value  to match its own configuration, using the	kb string from
	       the termcap entry as a  reference,  if  available.   In	either
	       case, the result	is applied to the TERMCAP variable which xterm
	       sets.  The default is ``false''.

       sameName	(class SameName)
	       If the value of this resource is	``true'', xterm	does not  send
	       title and icon name change requests when	the request would have
	       no effect: the name is not changed.  This has the advantage  of
	       preventing  flicker  and	the disadvantage of requiring an extra
	       round trip to the server	to find	out the	 previous  value.   In
	       practice	 this  should  never  be  a  problem.	The default is
	       ``true''.

       scoFunctionKeys (class ScoFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	SCP Function Key escape	 codes	should
	       be  generated  for function keys	instead	of standard escape se-
	       quences.

       sessionMgt (class SessionMgt)
	       If the value of this resource is	``true'', xterm	sets  up  ses-
	       sion  manager callbacks for XtNdieCallback and XtNsaveCallback.
	       The default is ``true''.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SunFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	Sun Function Key escape	 codes	should
	       be  generated  for function keys	instead	of standard escape se-
	       quences.

       sunKeyboard (class SunKeyboard)
	       Specifies whether or not	Sun/PC keyboard	layout should  be  as-
	       sumed  rather than DEC VT220.  This causes the keypad `+' to be
	       mapped to `,'.  and CTRL	F1-F12 to F11-F20,  depending  on  the
	       setting	of  the	 ctrlFKeys  resource.  so xterm	emulates a DEC
	       VT220 more accurately.  Otherwise (the  default,	 with  sunKey-
	       board  set  to ``false''), xterm	uses PC-style bindings for the
	       function	keys and keypad.

	       PC-style	bindings use the Shift,	Alt, Control and Meta keys  as
	       modifiers  for function-keys and	keypad (see the	document Xterm
	       Control Sequences for  details).	  The  PC-style	 bindings  are
	       analogous  to  PCTerm,  but not the same	thing.	Normally these
	       bindings	do not conflict	with the use of	the Meta  key  as  de-
	       scribed	for the	eightBitInput resource.	 If they do, note that
	       the PC-style bindings are evaluated first.

       termName	(class TermName)
	       Specifies the terminal type name	to be set in the TERM environ-
	       ment variable.

       title (class Title)
	       Specifies  a string that	may be used by the window manager when
	       displaying this application.

       ttyModes	(class TtyModes)
	       Specifies a string containing terminal setting keywords and the
	       characters  to which they may be	bound.	Allowable keywords in-
	       clude: brk, dsusp, eof, eol, eol2, erase, erase2, flush,	 intr,
	       kill,  lnext, quit, rprnt, start, status, stop, susp, swtch and
	       weras.  Control characters may be specified as ^char (e.g.,  ^c
	       or  ^u) and ^? may be used to indicate delete (127).  Use ^- to
	       denote undef.  Use \034 to represent ^\,	since a	literal	 back-
	       slash in	an X resource escapes the next character.

	       This  is	 very  useful for overriding the default terminal set-
	       tings without having to do an  stty  every  time	 an  xterm  is
	       started.	  Note,	however, that the stty program on a given host
	       may use different keywords; xterm's table is built-in.

       useInsertMode (class UseInsertMode)
	       Force use of insert mode	by adding appropriate entries  to  the
	       TERMCAP	environment  variable.	 This  is useful if the	system
	       termcap is broken.  The default is ``false.''

       utmpDisplayId (class UtmpDisplayId)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should try to record the display
	       identifier  (display  number  and screen	number)	as well	as the
	       hostname	in the system utmp log file.  The default is ``true.''

       utmpInhibit (class UtmpInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should try to record the	user's
	       terminal	 in the	system utmp log	file.  If true,	xterm will not
	       try.  The default is ``false.''

       waitForMap (class WaitForMap)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should wait for the initial win-
	       dow  map	 before	 starting  the	subprocess.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       zIconBeep (class	ZIconBeep)
	       Same as -ziconbeep command line argument.  If the value of this
	       resource	 is  non-zero, xterms that produce output while	iconi-
	       fied will cause an XBell	sound at the  given  volume  and  have
	       "***"  prepended	 to  their  icon titles.  Most window managers
	       will detect this	change immediately, showing you	 which	window
	       has the output.	(A similar feature was in x10 xterm.)  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       The following resources are specified  as  part	of  the	 vt100	widget
       (class	 VT100):   These   are	 specified   by	  patterns   such   as
       "XTerm.vt100.NAME":

       activeIcon (class ActiveIcon)
	       Specifies whether or not	active icon windows  are  to  be  used
	       when the	xterm window is	iconified, if this feature is compiled
	       into xterm.  The	active icon is a miniature  representation  of
	       the  content  of	 the  window  and  will	 update	as the content
	       changes.	 Not all window	managers necessarily support  applica-
	       tion  icon windows.  Some window	managers will allow you	to en-
	       ter keystrokes into the active icon  window.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       allowC1Printable	(class AllowC1Printable)
	       If  true,  overrides the	mapping	of C1 controls (codes 128-159)
	       to make them be treated as if they were	printable  characters.
	       Although	this corresponds to no particular standard, some users
	       insist it is a VT100.  The default is ``false.''

       allowSendEvents (class AllowSendEvents)
	       Specifies whether or not	synthetic key and button events	 (gen-
	       erated using the	X protocol SendEvent request) should be	inter-
	       preted or discarded.  The default is ``false'' meaning they are
	       discarded.  Note	that allowing such events creates a very large
	       security	hole.  The default is ``false.''

       allowWindowOps (class AllowWindowOps)
	       Specifies whether extended window control sequences (as used in
	       dtterm) for should be allowed.  The default is ``true.''

       alwaysHighlight (class AlwaysHighlight)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not xterm should	always display a high-
	       lighted text cursor.  By	default	(if this resource is false), a
	       hollow  text cursor is displayed	whenever the pointer moves out
	       of the window or	the window loses the input focus.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       alwaysUseMods (class AlwaysUseMods)
	       Override	the numLock resource, telling xterm to use the Alt and
	       Meta modifiers to construct parameters  for  function  key  se-
	       quences	even if	those modifiers	appear in the translations re-
	       source.	The default is ``false.''

       answerbackString	(class AnswerbackString)
	       Specifies the string that xterm sends in	 response  to  an  ENQ
	       (control/E)  character  from  the host.	The default is a blank
	       string, i.e., ``''.  A hardware VT100 implements	 this  feature
	       as a setup option.

       appcursorDefault	(class AppcursorDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	cursor keys are	initially in application mode.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 private DECCKM mode, The  default
	       is ``false.''

       appkeypadDefault	(class AppkeypadDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	keypad keys are	initially in application mode.
	       The default is ``false.''

       autoWrap	(class AutoWrap)
	       Specifies whether or not	 auto-wraparound  should  be  enabled.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 DECAWM.  The default is ``true.''

       awaitInput (class AwaitInput)
	       Specifies  whether or not the xterm uses	a 50 millisecond time-
	       out to await input (i.e., to support the	 Xaw3d	arrow  scroll-
	       bar).  The default is ``false.''

       backarrowKey (class BackarrowKey)
	       Specifies  whether  the backarrow key transmits a backspace (8)
	       or delete (127) character.  This	corresponds to the DECBKM con-
	       trol  sequence.	The default (backspace)	is ``true.''  Pressing
	       the control key toggles this behavior.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background  of  the  window.
	       The default is ``white.''

       bellOnReset (class BellOnReset)
	       Specifies whether to sound a bell when doing a hard reset.  The
	       default is ``true.''

       bellSuppressTime	(class BellSuppressTime)
	       Number of milliseconds after a  bell  command  is  sent	during
	       which additional	bells will be suppressed.  Default is 200.  If
	       set non-zero, additional	bells will also	 be  suppressed	 until
	       the  server  reports that processing of the first bell has been
	       completed; this feature is most useful with the visible bell.

       boldColors (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether to combine bold attribute  with  colors  like
	       the  IBM	 PC,  i.e., map	colors 0 through 7 to colors 8 through
	       15.  These normally are the brighter versions of	 the  first  8
	       colors, hence bold.  The	default	is ``true.''

       boldFont	(class BoldFont)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the bold font to use instead of over-
	       striking.  There	is no default for this resource.

       boldMode	(class BoldMode)
	       This specifies whether or not  text  with  the  bold  attribute
	       should  be  overstruck  to  simulate bold fonts if the resolved
	       bold font is the	same as	the normal font.  It may be  desirable
	       to disable bold fonts when color	is being used for the bold at-
	       tribute.	 Note that xterm has one bold font which you  may  set
	       explicitly.   It	 attempts  to  match a bold font for the other
	       font selections (font1 through font6).  If the normal and  bold
	       fonts  are  distinct, this resource has no effect.  The default
	       is ``true.''

	       Although	xterm attempts to match	a bold font for	other font se-
	       lections, the font server may not cooperate.  Since X11R6, bit-
	       map fonts have been scaled.  The	font server claims to  provide
	       the bold	font that xterm	requests, but the result is not	always
	       readable.  XFree86 provides a feature which can be used to sup-
	       press the scaling.  In the X server's configuration file	(e.g.,
	       "/etc/X11/XFree86"), you	can add	":unscaled" to the end of  the
	       directory  specification	 for  the "misc" fonts,	which comprise
	       the fixed-pitch fonts that are used by xterm.  For example
		    FontPath  "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/"

	       would become
		    FontPath  "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/:unscaled"

	       Depending on your configuration,	the font server	may  have  its
	       own  configuration  file.  The same ":unscaled" can be added to
	       its configuration file at the end of the	 directory  specifica-
	       tion for	"misc".

       brokenLinuxOSC (class BrokenLinuxOSC)
	       If true,	xterm applies a	workaround to ignore malformed control
	       sequences that a	Linux script might send.  Compare the  palette
	       control	sequences  documented  in  console_codes with ECMA-48.
	       The default is ``true.''

       brokenSelections	(class BrokenSelections)
	       If true,	xterm in 8-bit mode will interpret  STRING  selections
	       as  carrying  text  in the current locale's encoding.  Normally
	       STRING selections carry ISO-8859-1 encoded text.	 Setting  this
	       resource	 to  ``true''  violates	the ICCCM; it may, however, be
	       useful for interacting with some	broken X clients.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       brokenStringTerm	(class BrokenStringTerm)
	       provides	a work-around for some ISDN routers which start	an ap-
	       plication control string	without	completing it.	 Set  this  to
	       ``true''	 if  xterm appears to freeze when connecting.  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       c132 (class C132)
	       Specifies whether or not	the  VT102  DECCOLM  escape  sequence,
	       used  to	 switch	between	80 and 132 columns, should be honored.
	       The default is ``false.''

       cacheDoublesize (class CacheDoublesize)
	       Specifies the maximum number of double-sized  fonts  which  are
	       cached  by  xterm.  The default (8) may be too large for	some X
	       terminals with limited memory.  Set this	 to  zero  to  disable
	       doublesize fonts	altogether.

       charClass (class	CharClass)
	       Specifies  comma-separated lists	of character class bindings of
	       the form	[low-]high:value.  These are used in determining which
	       sets  of	 characters  should be treated the same	when doing cut
	       and paste.  See the CHARACTER CLASSES section.

       cjkWidth	(class CjkWidth)
	       Specifies whether xterm	should	follow	the  traditional  East
	       Asian  width  convention.  When turned on, characters with East
	       Asian Ambiguous (A) category in UTR 11 have a column  width  of
	       2.   You	 may  have  to set this	option to ``true'' if you have
	       some old	East Asian terminal based programs  that  assume  that
	       line-drawing  characters	have a column width of 2.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       color0 (class Color0)

       color1 (class Color1)

       color2 (class Color2)

       color3 (class Color3)

       color4 (class Color4)

       color5 (class Color5)

       color6 (class Color6)

       color7 (class Color7)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO 6429 extension.   The  de-
	       faults  are, respectively, black, red3, green3, yellow3,	a cus-
	       tomizable dark blue, magenta3, cyan3, and gray90.  The  default
	       shades  of color	are chosen to allow the	colors 8-15 to be used
	       as brighter versions.

       color8 (class Color8)

       color9 (class Color9)

       color10 (class Color10)

       color11 (class Color11)

       color12 (class Color12)

       color13 (class Color13)

       color14 (class Color14)

       color15 (class Color15)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO 6429 extension if the bold
	       attribute is also enabled.  The default resource	values are re-
	       spectively, gray30, red,	green, yellow,	a  customizable	 light
	       blue, magenta, cyan, and	white.

       color16 (class Color16)

       through

       color255	(class Color255)
	       These  specify the colors for the 256-color extension.  The de-
	       fault resource values are for colors 16 through 231 to  make  a
	       6x6x6  color  cube,  and	 colors	 232  through  255  to	make a
	       grayscale ramp.

       colorAttrMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether ``colorBD'',  ``colorBL'',  ``colorUL'',  and
	       ``colorRV''  should  override  ANSI  colors.  If	not, these are
	       displayed only when no ANSI colors have been set	for the	corre-
	       sponding	position.  The default is ``false.''

       colorBD (class ColorBD)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display bold characters if
	       the  ``colorBDMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBDMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether characters with the bold attribute should be
	       displayed in color or as	bold characters.   Note	 that  setting
	       colorMode off disables all colors, including bold.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       colorBL (class ColorBL)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display blink	characters  if
	       the  ``colorBLMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBLMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the blink attribute should be
	       displayed  in  color.  Note that	setting	colorMode off disables
	       all colors, including this.  The	default	is ``false.''

       colorMode (class	ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether or not	recognition of ANSI (ISO  6429)	 color
	       change  escape  sequences  should  be  enabled.	The default is
	       ``true.''

       colorRV (class ColorRV)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display  reverse  characters
	       if  the	``colorRVMode''	 resource  is enabled.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorRVMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the reverse attribute	should
	       be  displayed  in  color.  Note that setting colorMode off dis-
	       ables all colors, including this.  The default is ``false.''

       colorUL (class ColorUL)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display  underlined  charac-
	       ters  if	 the ``colorULMode'' resource is enabled.  The default
	       is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorULMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether  characters  with  the  underline  attribute
	       should be displayed in color or as underlined characters.  Note
	       that setting colorMode off disables all colors,	including  un-
	       derlining.  The default is ``false.''

       ctrlFKeys (class	CtrlFKeys)
	       In  VT220  keyboard  mode (see sunKeyboard resource), specifies
	       the amount by which to shift F1-F12 given  a  control  modifier
	       (CTRL).	This allows you	to generate key	symbols	for F10-F20 on
	       a Sun/PC	keyboard.  The default is  ``10'',  which  means  that
	       CTRL F1 generates the key symbol	for F11.

       curses (class Curses)
	       Specifies  whether or not the last column bug in	more(1)	should
	       be worked around.  See the -cu option for details.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       cursorBlink (class CursorBlink)
	       Specifies  whether  to  make  the cursor	blink.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       cursorColor (class CursorColor)
	       Specifies the color to use for the text cursor.	The default is
	       ``black.''

       cursorOffTime (class CursorOffTime)
	       Specifies  the  duration	 of the	"off" part of the cursor blink
	       cycle-time in milliseconds.  The	same timer is  used  for  text
	       blinking.  The default is 300.

       cursorOnTime (class CursorOnTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "on" part of the cursor blink cy-
	       cle-time, in milliseconds.  The same timer  is  used  for  text
	       blinking.  The default is 600.

       cutNewline (class CutNewline)
	       If ``false'', triple clicking to	select a line does not include
	       the Newline at the end of the line.  If ``true'',  the  Newline
	       is selected.  The default is ``true.''

       cutToBeginningOfLine (class CutToBeginningOfLine)
	       If  ``false'',  triple  clicking	 to select a line selects only
	       from the	current	word forward.  If ``true'', the	entire line is
	       selected.  The default is ``true.''

       decTerminalID (class DecTerminalID)
	       Specifies  the  emulation  level	 (100=VT100, 220=VT220,	etc.),
	       used to determine the type of response  to  a  DA  control  se-
	       quence.	  Leading  non-digit  characters  are  ignored,	 e.g.,
	       "vt100" and "100" are the same.	The default is 100.

       deleteIsDEL (class DeleteIsDEL)
	       Specifies whether the Delete key	on the editing	keypad	should
	       send  DEL (127) or the VT220-style Remove escape	sequence.  The
	       default is ``false,'' for the latter.

       dynamicColors (class DynamicColors)
	       Specifies whether or not	escape sequences to change colors  as-
	       signed to different attributes are recognized.

       eightBitControl (class EightBitControl)
	       Specifies whether or not	control	sequences sent by the terminal
	       should be eight-bit characters or escape	 sequences.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       eightBitInput (class EightBitInput)
	       If  ``true'',  Meta  characters	(a character combined with the
	       keys modifier key) input	from the keyboard are presented	 as  a
	       single  character  with the eighth bit turned on.  The terminal
	       is put into 8-bit mode.	If ``false'', Meta characters are con-
	       verted  into a two-character sequence with the character	itself
	       preceded	by ESC.	 The terminal is put  into  7-bit  mode.   The
	       metaSendsEscape	resource  may  override	 this.	The default is
	       ``true.''

	       Note that the Alt key is	not necessarily	the same as  the  Meta
	       modifier.   xmodmap  lists your key modifiers.  X defines modi-
	       fiers for shift,	(caps) lock and	control, as well  as  5	 addi-
	       tional modifiers	which are generally used to configure key mod-
	       ifiers.	xterm inspects the same	information to find the	 modi-
	       fier  associated	with either Meta key (left or right), and uses
	       that key	as the Meta modifier.  It also looks for  the  NumLock
	       key, to recognize the modifier which is associated with that.

	       If  your	 xmodmap configuration uses the	same keycodes for Alt-
	       and Meta-keys, xterm will only  see  the	 Alt-key  definitions,
	       since  those  are  tested  before Meta-keys.  NumLock is	tested
	       first.  It is important to keep these keys distinct;  otherwise
	       some of xterm's functionality is	not available.

       eightBitOutput (class EightBitOutput)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  eight-bit characters sent from the
	       host should be accepted as is or	stripped  when	printed.   The
	       default is ``true,'' which means	that they are accepted as is.

       faceName	(class FaceName)
	       Specify	the  pattern  for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that  library  was	compiled  into	xterm.
	       There is	no default.  If	not specified, or if there is no match
	       for both	normal and bold	fonts, xterm uses the font and related
	       resources.

       faceNameDoublesize (class FaceNameDoublesize)
	       Specify an double-width font for	cases where an application re-
	       quires this, e.g., in CJK applications.	There is  no  default.
	       If  the	application  uses  double-wide characters and this re-
	       source is not given, xterm  will	use a scaled  version  of  the
	       font given by faceName.

       faceSize	(class FaceSize)
	       Specify	the pointsize for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that library was compiled into xterm.  The
	       default is ``14.''

       font (class Font)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the  normal  font.   The  default  is
	       ``fixed.''

	       See the discussion of the locale	resource, which	describes  how
	       this font may be	overridden.

	       NOTE: some resource files use patterns such as
	       *font: fixed

	       which are overly	broad, affecting both
	       xterm.vt100.font

	       and
	       xterm.vt100..utf8fonts.font

	       which is	probably not what you intended.

       font1 (class Font1)
	       Specifies the name of the first alternative font.

       font2 (class Font2)
	       Specifies the name of the second	alternative font.

       font3 (class Font3)
	       Specifies the name of the third alternative font.

       font4 (class Font4)
	       Specifies the name of the fourth	alternative font.

       font5 (class Font5)
	       Specifies the name of the fifth alternative font.

       font6 (class Font6)
	       Specifies the name of the sixth alternative font.

       fontDoublesize (class FontDoublesize)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm should	attempt	to use font scaling to
	       draw doublesize characters.  Some older font servers cannot  do
	       this  properly,	will  return misleading	font metrics.  The de-
	       fault is	``true''.  If disabled,	xterm will simulate doublesize
	       characters  by  drawing	normal	characters with	spaces between
	       them.

       forceBoxChars (class ForceBoxChars)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the normal	and bold fonts
	       have VT100 line-drawing characters.  The	fixed-pitch fonts used
	       by xterm	normally have the VT100	line-drawing glyphs  in	 cells
	       1-31.  Other fixed-pitch	fonts may be more attractive, but lack
	       these glyphs.  If  ``false'',  xterm  will  check  for  missing
	       glyphs in cells 1-31 and	make line-drawing characters directly.
	       If ``true'', xterm uses	whatever  is  in  cells	 1-31  without
	       checking.  The default is ``false.''

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies  the  color to	use for	displaying text	in the window.
	       Setting the class name instead of the instance name is an  easy
	       way  to	have everything	that would normally appear in the text
	       color change color.  The	default	is ``black.''

       freeBoldBox (class freeBoldBox)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the  bounding  boxes  for
	       normal and bold fonts are compatible.  If ``false'', xterm com-
	       pares them and will reject choices of bold fonts	 that  do  not
	       match  the  size	of the normal font.  The default is ``false'',
	       which means that	the comparison is performed.

       geometry	(class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	VT102  window.
	       There is	no default for this resource.

       highlightColor (class HighlightColor)
	       Specifies  the  color  to use for the background	of selected or
	       otherwise highlighted text.  If not specified, reverse video is
	       used.  The default is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       highlightSelection (class HighlightSelection)
	       If ``false'', selecting with the	mouse highlights all positions
	       on the screen between the beginning of the  selection  and  the
	       current position.  If ``true'', xterm highlights	only the posi-
	       tions that contain text that can	be selected.  The  default  is
	       ``false.''

	       Depending  on  the  way	your applications write	to the screen,
	       there may be trailing blanks on a line.	Xterm stores  data  as
	       it is shown on the screen.  Erasing the display changes the in-
	       ternal state of each cell so it is not considered a  blank  for
	       the  purpose of selection.  Blanks written since	the last erase
	       are selectable.	If you do not wish to have trailing blanks  in
	       a selection, use	the trimSelection resource.

       hpLowerleftBugCompat (class HpLowerleftBugCompat)
	       Specifies  whether  to work around a bug	in HP's	xdb, which ig-
	       nores termcap and always	sends ESC F to move to the lower  left
	       corner.	 ``true'' causes xterm to interpret ESC	F as a request
	       to move to the lower left corner	of the screen.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       i18nSelections (class I18nSelections)
	       If false, xterm will never request the targets COMPOUND_TEXT or
	       TEXT.  The default is ``true.'' It may be set to	false in order
	       to work around ICCCM violations by other	X clients.

       iconBorderColor (class BorderColor)
	       Specifies  the  border color for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	Not all	window	managers  will
	       make the	icon border visible.

       iconBorderWidth (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies  the  border width for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	The default is 0 (no  border).
	       Not all window managers will make the border visible.

       iconFont	(class IconFont)
	       Specifies  the  font  for  the miniature	active icon window, if
	       this feature is compiled	into xterm.  The default is "nil2".

       internalBorder (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies the number of pixels between the characters  and  the
	       window border.  The default is 2.

       jumpScroll (class JumpScroll)
	       Specifies whether or not	jump scroll should be used.  This cor-
	       responds	to the VT102 DECSCLM private  mode.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       keyboardDialect (class KeyboardDialect)
	       Specifies  the initial keyboard dialect,	as well	as the default
	       value when the terminal is reset.  The value given is the  same
	       as  the	final  character in the	control	sequences which	change
	       character sets.	The default is ``B'', which corresponds	to  US
	       ASCII.

       nameKeymap (class NameKeymap)
	       See the discussion of the keymap() action.

       limitResize (class LimitResize)
	       Limits  resizing	 of the	screen via control sequence to a given
	       multiple	of the display dimensions.  The	default	is ``1''.

       locale (class Locale)
	       Specifies how to	use luit, an encoding converter	between	 UTF-8
	       and  locale  encodings.	The resource value (ignoring case) may
	       be:

	       true
		   xterm  will	use  the  encoding  specified  by  the	users'
		   LC_CTYPE locale (i.e., LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, or LANG variables)
		   as far as possible.	This is	realized  by  always  enabling
		   UTF-8 mode and invoking luit	in non-UTF-8 locales.

	       medium
		   xterm  will	follow	users' LC_CTYPE	locale only for	UTF-8,
		   east	Asian, and Thai	locales, where the encodings were  not
		   supported  by  conventional	8bit mode with changing	fonts.
		   For other locales, xterm will use conventional 8bit mode.

	       checkfont
		   If mini-luit	is compiled-in,	xterm will check if a  Unicode
		   font	has been specified.  If	so, it checks if the character
		   encoding for	 the  current  locale  is  POSIX,  Latin-1  or
		   Latin-9, uses the appropriate mapping to support those with
		   the Unicode font.  For other	encodings, xterm assumes  that
		   UTF-8 encoding is required.

	       false
		   xterm will use conventional 8bit mode or UTF-8 mode accord-
		   ing to utf8 resource	or -u8 option.

	       Any other value,	e.g., ``UTF-8''	or ``ISO8859-2'',  is  assumed
	       to be an	encoding name; luit will be invoked to support the en-
	       coding.	The actual list	 of  supported	encodings  depends  on
	       luit.  The default is ``medium''.

	       Regardless of your locale and encoding, you need	an ISO-10646-1
	       font to display the result.  Your configuration may not include
	       this  font,  or	locale-support by xterm	may not	be needed.  At
	       startup,	xterm uses a  mechanism	 equivalent  to	 the  load-vt-
	       fonts(utf8Fonts,	Utf8Fonts)  action  to	load  font name	subre-
	       sources of the VT100 widget.  That is, resource	patterns  such
	       as  "*vt100.utf8Fonts.font"  will  be  loaded, and (if this re-
	       source is enabled), override the	normal fonts.	If  no	subre-
	       sources	are  found,  the  normal  fonts	such as	"*vt100.font",
	       etc., are used.	The resource files distributed with xterm  use
	       ISO-10646-1 fonts, but do not rely on them unless you are using
	       the locale mechanism.

       localeFilter (class LocaleFilter)
	       Specifies the file name for the encoding	converter from/to  lo-
	       cale  encodings	and UTF-8 which	is used	with the -lc option or
	       locale resource.	 The help message  shown  by  ``xterm  -help''
	       lists  the default value, which depends on your system configu-
	       ration.

       loginShell (class LoginShell)
	       Specifies whether or not	the shell to  be  run  in  the	window
	       should be started as a login shell.  The	default	is ``false.''

       marginBell (class MarginBell)
	       Specifies  whether or not the bell should be rung when the user
	       types near the right margin.  The default is ``false.''

       metaSendsEscape (class MetaSendsEscape)
	       If ``true'', Meta characters (a	character  combined  with  the
	       Meta  modifier key) are converted into a	two-character sequence
	       with the	character itself preceded by  ESC.   This  applies  as
	       well  to	function key control sequences,	unless xterm sees that
	       Meta is used in your  key  translations.	  If  ``false'',  Meta
	       characters input	from the keyboard are handled according	to the
	       eightBitInput resource.	The default is ``false.''

       modifyCursorKeys	(class ModifyCursorKeys)
	       Tells how to handle the special case  where  Control-,  Shift-,
	       Alt-  or	 Meta-modifiers	are used to add	a parameter to the es-
	       cape sequence returned by a cursor-key.	Set it to 0 to use the
	       old/obsolete  behavior.	 Set  it  to  1	to prefix modified se-
	       quences with CSI.  Set it to 2 to force the modifier to be  the
	       second  parameter.  Set it to 3 to mark the sequence with a '>'
	       to hint that it is private.  The	default	is ``2''.

       multiClickTime (class MultiClickTime)
	       Specifies the maximum time in milliseconds between  multi-click
	       select events.  The default is 250 milliseconds.

       multiScroll (class MultiScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  scrolling  should  be  done	 asyn-
	       chronously.  The	default	is ``false.''

       nMarginBell (class Column)
	       Specifies the number of characters from	the  right  margin  at
	       which the margin	bell should be rung, when enabled.

       numLock (class NumLock)
	       If ``true'', xterm checks if NumLock is used as a modifier (see
	       xmodmap(1)).  If	so, this modifier  is  used  to	 simplify  the
	       logic when implementing special NumLock for the sunKeyboard re-
	       source.	Also (when sunKeyboard is  false),  similar  logic  is
	       used  to	 find  the modifier associated with the	left and right
	       Alt keys.  The default is ``true.''

       oldXtermFKeys (class OldXtermFKeys)
	       If ``true'', xterm will use  old-style  control	sequences  for
	       function	 keys  F1  to  F4, for compatibility with X Consortium
	       xterm.  Otherwise, it uses the VT100-style  codes  for  PF1  to
	       PF4.  The default is ``false.''

       pointerColor (class PointerColor)
	       Specifies  the foreground color of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       pointerColorBackground (class PointerColorBackground)
	       Specifies the background	color of the pointer.  The default  is
	       ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       pointerShape (class Cursor)
	       Specifies the name of the shape of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``xterm.''

       popOnBell (class	PopOnBell)
	       Specifies whether the window whould be raised when Control-G is
	       received.  The default is ``false.''

       printAttributes (class PrintAttributes)
	       Specifies  whether  to  print graphic attributes	along with the
	       text.  A	real DEC VTxxx	terminal  will	print  the  underline,
	       highlighting  codes  but	 your printer may not handle these.  A
	       ``0'' disables the attributes.  A ``1'' prints the  normal  set
	       of   attributes	 (bold,	  underline,  inverse  and  blink)  as
	       VT100-style control sequences.  A ``2'' prints ANSI  color  at-
	       tributes	as well.  The default is ``1.''

       printerAutoClose	(class PrinterAutoClose)
	       If ``true'', xterm will close the printer (a pipe) when the ap-
	       plication switches the printer offline with a Media  Copy  com-
	       mand.  The default is ``false.''

       printerCommand (class PrinterCommand)
	       Specifies  a shell command to which xterm will open a pipe when
	       the first MC (Media Copy) command is initiated.	The default is
	       ``lpr.''	 If the	resource value is given	as a blank string, the
	       printer is disabled.

       printerControlMode (class PrinterControlMode)
	       Specifies the printer control mode.  A ``1'' selects  autoprint
	       mode,  which  causes xterm to print a line from the screen when
	       you move	the cursor off that line with a	line feed,  form  feed
	       or  vertical  tab  character, or	an autowrap occurs.  Autoprint
	       mode is overridden by printer controller	mode (a	``2''),	 which
	       causes  all  of	the output to be directed to the printer.  The
	       default is ``0.''

       printerExtent (class PrinterExtent)
	       Controls	whether	a print	page function will  print  the	entire
	       page  (true), or	only the the portion within the	scrolling mar-
	       gins (false).  The default is ``false.''

       printerFormFeed (class PrinterFormFeed)
	       Controls	whether	a form feed is sent to the printer at the  end
	       of a print page function.  The default is ``false.''

       renderFont (class RenderFont)
	       If  xterm  is built with	the Xft	library, this controls whether
	       the faceName resource is	used.  The default is ``true.''

       resizeGravity (class ResizeGravity)
	       Affects the behavior when the window is resized to be taller or
	       shorter.	  NorthWest specifies that the top line	of text	on the
	       screen stay fixed.  If the window is made  shorter,  lines  are
	       dropped	from  the  bottom; if the window is made taller, blank
	       lines are added at the bottom.  This is compatible with the be-
	       havior  in R4.  SouthWest (the default) specifies that the bot-
	       tom line	of text	on the screen stay fixed.  If  the  window  is
	       made  taller, additional	saved lines will be scrolled down onto
	       the screen; if the  window  is  made  shorter,  lines  will  be
	       scrolled	 off  the  top	of the screen, and the top saved lines
	       will be dropped.

       reverseVideo (class ReverseVideo)
	       Specifies whether or not	reverse	 video	should	be  simulated.
	       The default is ``false.''

       reverseWrap (class ReverseWrap)
	       Specifies  whether or not reverse-wraparound should be enabled.
	       This corresponds	to xterm's private mode	45.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       rightScrollBar (class RightScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or not the scrollbar	should be displayed on
	       the right rather	than the left.	The default is ``false.''

       saveLines (class	SaveLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines to	save beyond  the  top  of  the
	       screen when a scrollbar is turned on.  The default is 64.

       scrollBar (class	ScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	scrollbar should be displayed.
	       The default is ``false.''

       scrollKey (class	ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	pressing a  key	 should	 automatically
	       cause  the  scrollbar  to go to the bottom of the scrolling re-
	       gion.  This corresponds to xterm's private mode 1011.  The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       scrollLines (class ScrollLines)
	       Specifies  the number of	lines that the scroll-back and scroll-
	       forw actions should use as a default.  The default value	is 1.

       scrollTtyOutput (class ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	output to the terminal should automat-
	       ically cause the	scrollbar to go	to the bottom of the scrolling
	       region.	The default is ``true.''

       shiftFonts (class ShiftFonts)
	       Specifies whether to enable the	actions	 larger-vt-font()  and
	       smaller-vt-font(),  which  are  normally	 bound	to the shifted
	       KP_Add and KP_Subtract.	The default is ``true.''

       showBlinkAsBold (class ShowBlinkAsBold)
	       Tells xterm whether to display text  with  blink-attribute  the
	       same  as	 bold.	 If  xterm  has	not been configured to support
	       blinking	text, the default is ``true.'',	which  corresponds  to
	       older versions of xterm,	otherwise the default is ``false.''

       showMissingGlyphs (class	ShowMissingGlyphs)
	       Tells  xterm  whether to	display	a box outlining	places where a
	       character has been used that the	font does not represent.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       signalInhibit (class SignalInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not the entries in the ``Main Options''
	       menu for	sending	signals	to xterm should	 be  disallowed.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekGeometry (class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	Tektronix win-
	       dow.  There is no default for this resource.

       tekInhibit (class TekInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the escape sequence to enter Tektronix
	       mode should be ignored.	The default is ``false.''

       tekSmall	(class TekSmall)
	       Specifies whether or not	the Tektronix mode window should start
	       in its smallest size if no explicit geometry is given.  This is
	       useful  when running xterm on displays with small screens.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekStartup (class TekStartup)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should  start  up	 in  Tektronix
	       mode.  The default is ``false.''

       tiXtraScroll (class TiXtraScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm should	scroll to a new	page when pro-
	       cessing the ti termcap entry, i.e., the private modes 47,  1047
	       or  1049.   This	 is only in effect if titeInhibit is ``true'',
	       because the intent of this option is to provide	a  picture  of
	       the full-screen application's display on	the scrollback without
	       wiping out the text that	would be shown before the  application
	       was initialized.	 The default for this resource is ``false.''

       titeInhibit (class TiteInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether or not xterm should remove ti	and te termcap
	       entries (used to	switch between alternate screens on startup of
	       many  screen-oriented  programs)	 from  the TERMCAP string.  If
	       set, xterm also ignores the escape sequence to  switch  to  the
	       alternate  screen.  Xterm supports terminfo in a	different way,
	       supporting composite control sequences (also known  as  private
	       modes)  1047,  1048  and	1049 which have	the same effect	as the
	       original	47 control sequence.  The default for this resource is
	       ``false.''

       translations (class Translations)
	       Specifies  the  key  and	button bindings	for menus, selections,
	       ``programmed strings,'' etc.  The translations resource,	 which
	       provides	much of	xterm's	configurability, is a feature of the X
	       Toolkit Intrinsics library (Xt).	 See the ACTIONS section.

       trimSelection (class TrimSelection)
	       If you set highlightSelection, you can see the  text  which  is
	       selected,  including  any trailing spaces.  Clearing the	screen
	       (or a line) resets it to	a state	containing  no	spaces.	  Some
	       lines  may  contain  trailing spaces when an application	writes
	       them to the screen.  However, you may not wish to  paste	 lines
	       with  trailing  spaces.	 If  this resource is true, xterm will
	       trim trailing spaces from text which is selected.  It does  not
	       affect  spaces which result in a	wrapped	line, nor will it trim
	       the trailing newline  from  your	 selection.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       underLine (class	UnderLine)
	       This specifies whether or not text with the underline attribute
	       should be underlined.  It may be	desirable to disable underlin-
	       ing  when color is being	used for the underline attribute.  The
	       default is ``true.''

       utf8 (class Utf8)
	       This specifies whether xterm will run in	UTF-8  mode.   If  you
	       set  this resource, xterm also sets the wideChars resource as a
	       side-effect.  The resource is an	 integer,  expected  to	 range
	       from 0 to 3:

	       0      UTF-8 mode is initially off.  Escape sequences for turn-
		      ing UTF-8	mode on/off are	allowed.

	       1      UTF-8 mode is initially on.  Escape sequences for	 turn-
		      ing UTF-8	mode on/off are	allowed.

	       2      The  command-line	 option	 -u8 sets the resource to this
		      value.  Escape sequences for turning UTF-8  mode	on/off
		      are ignored.

	       3      This  is	the  default  value  of	 the  resource.	 It is
		      changed during initialization depending on  whether  the
		      locale  resource was set,	to 0 or	2.  See	the locale re-
		      source for additional discussion of non-UTF-8 locales.

	       If you want to set the value of utf8,  it  should  be  in  this
	       range.	Other  nonzero	values	are  treated the same a	``1'',
	       i.e., UTF-8 mode	is initially  on,  and	escape	sequences  for
	       turning UTF-8 mode on/off are allowed.

       utf8Fonts (class	Utf8Fonts)
	       See the discussion of the locale	resource.

       veryBoldColors (class VeryBoldColors)
	       Specifies whether to combine video attributes with colors spec-
	       ified by	colorBD, colorBL and colorUL.  The resource  value  is
	       the  sum	 of  values for	each attribute:	2 for underline, 4 for
	       bold and	8 for blink.  The default is ``0.''

       visualBell (class VisualBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	a visible bell (i.e., flashing)	should
	       be  used	instead	of an audible bell when	Control-G is received.
	       The default is ``false.''

       visualBellDelay (class VisualBellDelay)
	       Number of milliseconds to delay when displaying a visual	 bell.
	       Default	is  100.  If set to zero, no visual bell is displayed.
	       This is useful for very slow displays, e.g., an LCD display  on
	       a laptop.

       vt100Graphics (class VT100Graphics)
	       This specifies whether xterm will interpret VT100 graphic char-
	       acter escape sequences while in UTF-8  mode.   The  default  is
	       ``true'', to provide support for	various	legacy applications.

       wideBoldFont (class WideBoldFont)
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying bold
	       wide text.  By default, it will attempt to use a	font twice  as
	       wide  as	 the  font that	will be	used to	draw bold text.	 If no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.

       wideChars (class	WideChars)
	       Specifies  if  xterm  should  respond to	control	sequences that
	       process 16-bit characters.  The default is ``false.''

       wideFont	(class WideFont)
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  wide
	       text.   By default, it will attempt to use a font twice as wide
	       as the font that	will be	used to	draw normal text.  If no  dou-
	       blewidth	 font  is  found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       normal font.

       ximFont (class XimFont)
	       This option specifies the font to be used  for  displaying  the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.

	       In  "OverTheSpot"  preedit  type,  the  preedit (preconversion)
	       string is displayed at the position of the cursor.  It  is  the
	       XIM server's responsibility to display the preedit string.  The
	       XIM client must inform the XIM server of	the  cursor  position.
	       For  best  results, the preedit string must be displayed	with a
	       proper font.  Therefore,	xterm informs the XIM  server  of  the
	       proper font.  The font is be supplied by	a "fontset", whose de-
	       fault value is "*".  This matches every font, the X library au-
	       tomatically  chooses  fonts  with proper	charsets.  The ximFont
	       resource	is provided to override	this default font setting.

       The following resources are specified as	part  of  the  tek4014	widget
       (class	Tek4014).    These   are   specified   by   patterns  such  as
       "XTerm.tek4014.NAME":

       font2 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 2 to use in the Tektronix window.

       font3 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 3 to use in the Tektronix window.

       fontLarge (class	Font)
	       Specifies the large font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       fontSmall (class	Font)
	       Specifies the small font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       ginTerminator (class GinTerminator)
	       Specifies what character(s) should follow a GIN report or  sta-
	       tus  report.   The  possibilities  are ``none,''	which sends no
	       terminating  characters,	 ``CRonly,''  which  sends   CR,   and
	       ``CR&EOT,''  which  sends  both	CR  and	 EOT.	The default is
	       ``none.''

       height (class Height)
	       Specifies the height of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       initialFont (class InitialFont)
	       Specifies which of the four Tektronix fonts to  use  initially.
	       Values  are  the	 same as for the set-tek-text action.  The de-
	       fault is	``large.''

       width (class Width)
	       Specifies the width of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       The resources that may be specified for the various menus are described
       in  the	documentation  for the Athena SimpleMenu widget.  The name and
       classes of the entries in each of the  menus  are  listed  below.   Re-
       sources	named  "lineN"	where  N is a number are separators with class
       SmeLine.

       The mainMenu has	the following entries:

       toolbar (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-toolbar(toggle) action.

       securekbd (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the secure() action.

       allowsends (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the allow-send-events(toggle)	action.

       redraw (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the redraw() action.

       logging (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the logging(toggle) action.

       print (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print() action.

       print-redir (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print-redir() action.

       8-bit-control (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-8-bit-control(toggle)	action.

       backarrow key (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-backarrow(toggle) action.

       num-lock	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-num-lock(toggle) action.

       meta-esc	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the meta-sends-escape(toggle)	action.

       delete-is-del (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the delete-is-del(toggle) action.

       oldFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the old-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       hpFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hp-function-keys(toggle) action.

       scoFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sco-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sun-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunKeyboard (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sunKeyboard(toggle) action.

       suspend (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(tstp)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       continue	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(cont)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       interrupt (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(int) action.

       hangup (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(hup) action.

       terminate (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(term)	action.

       kill (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(kill)	action.

       quit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the quit() action.

       The vtMenu has the following entries:

       scrollbar (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scrollbar(toggle) action.

       jumpscroll (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-jumpscroll(toggle) action.

       reversevideo (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reverse-video(toggle)	action.

       autowrap	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autowrap(toggle) action.

       reversewrap (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reversewrap(toggle) action.

       autolinefeed (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autolinefeed(toggle) action.

       appcursor (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appcursor(toggle) action.

       appkeypad (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appkeypad(toggle) action.

       scrollkey (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-key(toggle)	action.

       scrollttyoutput (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-tty-output(toggle) action.

       allow132	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-allow132(toggle) action.

       cursesemul (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursesemul(toggle) action.

       visualbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visualbell(toggle) action.

       poponbell (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-poponbell(toggle) action.

       marginbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-marginbell(toggle) action.

       cursorblink (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursorblink(toggle) action.

       titeInhibit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-titeInhibit(toggle) action.

       activeicon (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry toggles active icons on and off if this feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  It is enabled only if xterm was started
	       with the	command	line option +ai	or the activeIcon resource  is
	       set to ``True.''

       softreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the soft-reset() action.

       hardreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hard-reset() action.

       clearsavedlines (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the clear-saved-lines() action.

       tekshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       tekmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(tek) action.

       vthide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,off) action.

       altscreen (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-altscreen(toggle) action.

       The fontMenu has	the following entries:

       fontdefault (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(d) action.

       font1 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(1) action.

       font2 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(2) action.

       font3 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(3) action.

       font4 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(4) action.

       font5 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(5) action.

       font6 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(6) action.

       fontescape (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(e) action.

       fontsel (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(s) action.

       font-linedrawing	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-linedrawing(s) action.

       font-doublesize (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-doublesize(s) action.

       render-font (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-render-font(s) action.

       utf8-mode (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-utf8-mode(s) action.

       The tekMenu has the following entries:

       tektextlarge (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(l) action.

       tektext2	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(2) action.

       tektext3	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(3) action.

       tektextsmall (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(s) action.

       tekpage (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-page() action.

       tekreset	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-reset() action.

       tekcopy (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-copy() action.

       vtshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,toggle)	action.

       vtmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(vt) action.

       tekhide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       The  following  resources  are  useful  when  specified	for the	Athena
       Scrollbar widget:

       thickness (class	Thickness)
	       Specifies the width in pixels of	the scrollbar.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background of	the scrollbar.

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for the foreground of	the scrollbar.
	       The ``thumb'' of	the scrollbar is a simple checkerboard pattern
	       alternating pixels for foreground and background	color.

POINTER	USAGE
       Once the	VT102 window is	created, xterm allows you to select  text  and
       copy it within the same or other	windows.

       The  selection  functions are invoked when the pointer buttons are used
       with no modifiers, and when they	are used with the ``shift'' key.   The
       assignment  of the functions described below to keys and	buttons	may be
       changed through the resource database; see ACTIONS below.

       Pointer button one (usually left) is used to save  text	into  the  cut
       buffer.	 Move  the  cursor to beginning	of the text, and then hold the
       button down while moving	the cursor to the end of the  region  and  re-
       leasing	the  button.  The selected text	is highlighted and is saved in
       the global cut buffer and made the PRIMARY selection when the button is
       released.   Double-clicking  selects by words.  Triple-clicking selects
       by lines.  Quadruple-clicking goes back to characters, etc.   Multiple-
       click  is  determined by	the time from button up	to button down,	so you
       can change the selection	unit in	the middle of  a  selection.   Logical
       words  and lines	selected by double- or triple-clicking may wrap	across
       more than one screen line if lines were wrapped by xterm	itself	rather
       than by the application running in the window.  If the key/button bind-
       ings specify that an X selection	is to be made, xterm  will  leave  the
       selected	text highlighted for as	long as	it is the selection owner.

       Pointer	button two (usually middle) `types' (pastes) the text from the
       PRIMARY selection, if any, otherwise from the cut buffer, inserting  it
       as keyboard input.

       Pointer	button	three  (usually	 right)	extends	the current selection.
       (Without	loss of	generality, you	can swap ``right'' and ``left''	every-
       where  in  the rest of this paragraph.)	If pressed while closer	to the
       right edge of the selection than	the  left,  it	extends/contracts  the
       right  edge  of	the selection.	If you contract	the selection past the
       left edge of the	selection, xterm assumes you  really  meant  the  left
       edge,  restores the original selection, then extends/contracts the left
       edge of the selection.  Extension starts	in  the	 selection  unit  mode
       that  the  last selection or extension was performed in;	you can	multi-
       ple-click to cycle through them.

       By cutting and pasting pieces of	text without trailing new  lines,  you
       can  take text from several places in different windows and form	a com-
       mand to the shell, for example, or take output from a program  and  in-
       sert  it	 into  your  favorite  editor.	Since cut buffers are globally
       shared among different applications, you	may regard each	 as  a	`file'
       whose contents you know.	 The terminal emulator and other text programs
       should be treating it as	if it were a text file,	i.e., the text is  de-
       limited by new lines.

       The  scroll  region  displays the position and amount of	text currently
       showing in the window (highlighted) relative to the amount of text  ac-
       tually  saved.	As more	text is	saved (up to the maximum), the size of
       the highlighted area decreases.

       Clicking	button one with	the pointer in the scroll region moves the ad-
       jacent line to the top of the display window.

       Clicking	 button	three moves the	top line of the	display	window down to
       the pointer position.

       Clicking	button two moves the display to	a position in the  saved  text
       that corresponds	to the pointer's position in the scrollbar.

       Unlike  the VT102 window, the Tektronix window does not allow the copy-
       ing of text.  It	does allow Tektronix GIN mode, and in  this  mode  the
       cursor  will  change  from  an arrow to a cross.	 Pressing any key will
       send that key and the current coordinate	of the cross cursor.  Pressing
       button  one,  two,  or three will return	the letters `l', `m', and `r',
       respectively.  If the `shift' key is pressed when a pointer  button  is
       pressed,	the corresponding upper	case letter is sent.  To distinguish a
       pointer button from a key, the high bit of the character	 is  set  (but
       this  is	 bit is	normally stripped unless the terminal mode is RAW; see
       tty(4) for details).

MENUS
       Xterm has four menus, named mainMenu, vtMenu,  fontMenu,	 and  tekMenu.
       Each  menu  pops	 up  under  the	correct	combinations of	key and	button
       presses.	 Each menu is divided into sections, separated by a horizontal
       line.   Some  menu  entries correspond to modes that can	be altered.  A
       check mark appears next to a mode that is currently active.   Selecting
       one of these modes toggles its state.  Other menu entries are commands;
       selecting one of	these performs the indicated function.

       All of the menu entries correspond to X actions.	 In  the  list	below,
       the menu	label is shown followed	by the action's	name in	parenthesis.

       The  xterm mainMenu pops	up when	the ``control''	key and	pointer	button
       one are pressed in a window.  This menu contains	items  that  apply  to
       both the	VT102 and Tektronix windows.  There are	several	sections:

       Commands	for managing X events:

	      Secure Keyboard (securekbd)
		     The  Secure Keyboard mode is helpful when typing in pass-
		     words or other sensitive data in an unsecure environment;
		     see SECURITY below	(but read the limitations carefully).

	      Allow SendEvents (allowsends )
		     Specifies	whether	or not synthetic key and button	events
		     generated using the X protocol SendEvent  request	should
		     be	interpreted or discarded.  This	corresponds to the al-
		     lowSendEvents resource.

	      Redraw Window (redraw)
		     Forces the	X display to repaint; useful in	some  environ-
		     ments.

       Commands	for capturing output:

	      Log to File (logging)
		     Captures  text sent to the	screen in a logfile, as	in the
		     -l	logging	option.

	      Print Window (print)
		     Sends the text of the current window to the program given
		     in	the printerCommand resource.

	      Redirect to Printer (print-redir)
		     This  sets	the printerControlMode to 0 or 2.  You can use
		     this to turn the printer on as if an application had sent
		     the  appropriate control sequence.	 It is also useful for
		     switching the printer off if an application turns	it  on
		     without resetting the print control mode.

       Modes for setting keyboard style:

	      8-Bit Controls (8-bit-control)
		     Enabled  for VT220	emulation, this	controls whether xterm
		     will send 8-bit control sequences rather than using 7-bit
		     (ASCII)  controls,	 e.g.,	sending	 a  byte  in the range
		     128-159 rather than the escape character  followed	 by  a
		     second  byte.   Xterm  always  interprets	both 8-bit and
		     7-bit control sequences (see the document	Xterm  Control
		     Sequences).   This	corresponds to the eightBitControl re-
		     source.

	      Backarrow	Key (BS/DEL) (backarrow	key)
		     Modifies the behavior of the  backarrow  key,  making  it
		     transmit  either  a backspace (8) or delete (127) charac-
		     ter.  This	corresponds to the backarrowKey	resource.

	      Alt/NumLock Modifiers (num-lock)
		     Controls the treatment of Alt- and	NumLock-key modifiers.
		     This corresponds to the numLock resource.

	      Meta Sends Escape	(meta-esc)
		     Controls whether Meta keys	are converted into a two-char-
		     acter sequence with the character itself preceded by ESC.
		     This corresponds to the metaSendsEscape resource.

	      Delete is	DEL (delete-is-del)
		     Controls  whether	the  Delete  key on the	editing	keypad
		     should send DEL (127) or the  VT220-style	Remove	escape
		     sequence.	This corresponds to the	deleteIsDEL resource.

	      Old Function-Keys	(oldFunctionKeys)

	      HP Function-Keys (hpFunctionKeys)

	      SCO Function-Keys	(scoFunctionKeys)

	      Sun Function-Keys	(sunFunctionKeys)

	      VT220 Keyboard (sunKeyboard)
		     These  act	as a radio-button, selecting one style for the
		     keyboard layout.  It corresponds to  more	than  one  re-
		     source  setting:  sunKeyboard,  sunFunctionKeys, scoFunc-
		     tionKeys and hpFunctionKeys ."

       Commands	for process signalling:

	      Send STOP	Signal (suspend)

	      Send CONT	Signal (continue)

	      Send INT Signal (interrupt)

	      Send HUP Signal (hangup)

	      Send TERM	Signal (terminate)

	      Send KILL	Signal (kill)
		     These send	the SIGTSTP, SIGCONT, SIGINT, SIGHUP,  SIGTERM
		     and SIGKILL signals respectively, to the process group of
		     the process running under xterm (usually the shell).  The
		     SIGCONT function is especially useful if the user has ac-
		     cidentally	typed CTRL-Z, suspending the process.

	      Quit (quit)
		     Stop processing X events except to	support	the -hold  op-
		     tion,  and	 then  send a SIGHUP signal to the the process
		     group of the process running  under  xterm	 (usually  the
		     shell).

       The  vtMenu sets	various	modes in the VT102 emulation, and is popped up
       when the	``control'' key	and pointer button  two	 are  pressed  in  the
       VT102 window.

       VT102/VT220 Modes:

	      Enable Scrollbar (scrollbar)
		     Enable  (or  disable) the scrollbar.  This	corresponds to
		     the -sb option and	the scrollBar resource.

	      Enable Jump Scroll (jumpscroll)
		     Enable (or	disable) jump scrolling.  This corresponds  to
		     the -j option and the jumpScroll resource.

	      Enable Reverse Video (reversevideo)
		     Enable  (or  disable) reverse-video.  This	corresponds to
		     the -rv option and	the reverseVideo resource.

	      Enable Auto Wraparound (autowrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-wraparound.  This	corresponds to
		     the -aw option and	the autoWrap resource.

	      Enable Reverse Wraparound	(reversewrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) reverse wraparound.  This corresponds
		     to	the -rw	option and the reverseWrap resource.

	      Enable Auto Linefeed (autolinefeed)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-linefeed.	 This is the VT102 NEL
		     function,	which  causes  the emulator to emit a linefeed
		     after each	carriage return.  There	 is  no	 corresponding
		     command-line option or resource setting.

	      Enable Application Cursor	Keys (appcursor)
		     Enable (or	disable) application cursor keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the appcursorDefault  resource.	 There	is  no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Enable Application Keypad	(appkeypad)
		     Enable (or	disable) application keypad keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the appkeypadDefault  resource.	 There	is  no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Key Press (scrollkey)
		     Enable  (or  disable)  scrolling  to  the	bottom	of the
		     scrolling region on a keypress.  This corresponds to  the
		     -sk option	and the	scrollKey resource.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Tty Output (scrollttyoutput)
		     Enable  (or  disable)  scrolling  to  the	bottom	of the
		     scrolling region on output	to the terminal..  This	corre-
		     sponds  to	 the  -si  option  and the scrollTtyOutput re-
		     source.

	      Allow 80/132 Column Switching (allow132)
		     Enable (or	disable) switching between 80 and 132 columns.
		     This  corresponds	to  the	 -132  option and the c132 re-
		     source.

	      Enable Curses Emulation (cursesemul)
		     Enable  (or  disable)  a  workaround  for	the  so-called
		     "curses bug".  This corresponds to	the -cu	option and the
		     curses resource.

	      Enable Visual Bell (visualbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) visible bell (i.e., flashing) instead
		     of	 an  audible bell.  This corresponds to	the -vb	option
		     and the visualBell	resource.

	      Enable Pop on Bell (poponbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) raising of the	window when  Control-G
		     is	received.  This	corresponds to the -pop	option and the
		     popOnBell resource.

	      Enable Margin Bell (marginbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) a bell	when the user types  near  the
		     right margin.  This corresponds to	the -mb	option and the
		     marginBell	resource.

	      Enable Blinking Cursor (cursorblink)
		     Enable (or	disable) the  blinking-cursor  feature.	  This
		     corresponds  to  the  -bc	option and the cursorBlink re-
		     source.  There is also an escape sequence (see the	 docu-
		     ment  Xterm  Control  Sequences).	The menu entry and the
		     escape sequence states are	XOR'd: if  both	 are  enabled,
		     the  cursor  will	not blink, if only one is enabled, the
		     cursor will blink.

	      Enable Alternate Screen Switching	(titeInhibit)
		     Enable (or	disable) switching between the normal and  al-
		     ternate screens.  This corresponds	to the titeInhibit re-
		     source.  There is no corresponding	command-line option.

	      Enable Active Icon (activeicon)
		     Enable (or	disable) the active-icon feature.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the -ai option and the activeIcon resource.

       VT102/VT220 Commands:

	      Do Soft Reset (softreset)
		     Reset  scroll  regions.  This can be convenient when some
		     program has left the scroll regions set incorrectly  (of-
		     ten  a  problem  when using VMS or	TOPS-20).  This	corre-
		     sponds to the VT220 DECSTR	control	sequence.

	      Do Full Reset (hardreset)
		     The full reset entry will clear the screen, reset tabs to
		     every  eight  columns, and	reset the terminal modes (such
		     as	wrap and smooth	scroll)	to their initial  states  just
		     after  xterm has finished processing the command line op-
		     tions.  This corresponds to the  VT102  RIS  control  se-
		     quence,  with  a  few  obvious differences.  For example,
		     your session is not disconnected as a  real  VT102	 would
		     do.

	      Reset and	Clear Saved Lines (clearsavedlines)
		     Perform a full reset, and also clear the saved lines.

       Commands	for setting the	current	screen:

	      Show Tek Window (tekshow)
		     When enabled, pops	the Tektronix 4014 window up (makes it
		     visible).	When disabled, hides the Tektronix  4014  win-
		     dow.

	      Switch to	Tek Mode (tekmode)
		     When  enabled, pops the Tektronix 4014 window up if it is
		     not already visible, and switches	the  input  stream  to
		     that  window.   When  disabled,  hides the	Tektronix 4014
		     window and	switches input back to the VTxxx window.

	      Hide VT Window (vthide)
		     When enabled, hides the VTxxx window, shows the Tektronix
		     4014  window  if  it was not already visible and switches
		     the input stream to that window.	When  disabled,	 shows
		     the  VTxxx	 window, and switches the input	stream to that
		     window.

	      Show Alternate Screen (altscreen)
		     When enabled, shows the alternate screen.	When disabled,
		     shows the normal screen.  Note that the normal screen may
		     have saved	lines; the alternate screen does not.

       The fontMenu sets the font used in the VT102 window,  or	 modifies  the
       way the font is specified or displayed.	There are three	sections.

       The  first section allows you to	select the font	from a set of alterna-
       tives:

	      Default (fontdefault)
		     Set the font to the default,  i.e.,  that	given  by  the
		     *VT100.font resource.

	      Unreadable (font1)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font1 resource.

	      Tiny (font2)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font2 resource.

	      Small (font3)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font3 resource.

	      Medium (font4)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font4 resource.

	      Large (font5)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font5 resource.

	      Huge (font6)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font6 resource.

	      Escape Sequence
		     This allows you to	set the	font last specified by the Set
		     Font escape sequence (see the document Xterm Control  Se-
		     quences).

	      Selection	(fontsel)
		     This allows you to	set the	font specified the current se-
		     lection as	a font	name  (if  the	PRIMARY	 selection  is
		     owned).

       The second section allows you to	modify the way it is displayed:

	      Line-Drawing Characters (font-linedrawing)
		     When  set,	tells xterm to draw its	own line-drawing char-
		     acters.  Otherwise	 it  relies  on	 the  font  containing
		     these.

	      Doublesized Characters (font-doublesize)
		     When set, xterm may ask the font server to	produce	scaled
		     versions of the normal font, for VT102 double-size	 char-
		     acters.

       The third section allows	you to modify the way it is specified:

	      TrueType Fonts (render-font)
		     If	 the  renderFont and corresponding resources were set,
		     this is a further control whether xterm will actually use
		     the Xft library calls to obtain a font.

	      UTF-8 (utf8-mode)
		     This  controls  whether  xterm uses UTF-8 encoding	of in-
		     put/output.  It is	useful for temporarily switching xterm
		     to	display	text from an application which does not	follow
		     the locale	settings.

       The tekMenu sets	various	modes  in  the	Tektronix  emulation,  and  is
       popped  up  when	the ``control''	key and	pointer	button two are pressed
       in the Tektronix	window.	 The current font size is checked in the modes
       section of the menu.

	      Large Characters (tektextlarge)

	      #2 Size Characters (tektext2)

	      #3 Size Characters (tektext3)

	      Small Characters (tektextsmall)

       Commands:

	      PAGE (tekpage)
		     Clear the Tektronix window.

	      RESET (tekreset)

	      COPY (tekcopy)

       Windows:

	      Show VT Window (vtshow)

	      Switch to	VT Mode	(vtmode)

	      Hide Tek Window (tekhide)

SECURITY
       X  environments	differ in their	security consciousness.	 Most servers,
       run under xdm, are capable of using a  ``magic  cookie''	 authorization
       scheme that can provide a reasonable level of security for many people.
       If your server is only using a host-based mechanism to  control	access
       to  the server (see xhost(1)), then if you enable access	for a host and
       other users are also permitted to run clients on	that same host,	it  is
       possible	 that someone can run an application which uses	the basic ser-
       vices of	the X protocol to snoop	on your	activities,  potentially  cap-
       turing  a  transcript  of  everything  you  type	 at the	keyboard.  Any
       process which has access	to your	X display can manipulate  it  in  ways
       that you	might not anticipate, even redirecting your keyboard to	itself
       and sending events to your application's	windows.  This	is  true  even
       with  the ``magic cookie'' authorization	scheme.	 While the allowSendE-
       vents provides some protection  against	rogue  applications  tampering
       with your programs, guarding against a snooper is harder.

       The  possibility	of an application spying on your keystrokes is of par-
       ticular concern when you	want to	type in	a password or other  sensitive
       data.   The best	solution to this problem is to use a better authoriza-
       tion mechanism than is provided by X.  Given all	of  these  caveats,  a
       simple mechanism	exists for protecting keyboard input in	xterm.

       The  xterm  menu	 (see  MENUS  above)  contains a Secure	Keyboard entry
       which, when enabled, attempts to	ensure that all	keyboard input is  di-
       rected  only  to	xterm (using the GrabKeyboard protocol request).  When
       an application prompts you for a	password (or  other  sensitive	data),
       you  can	 enable	 Secure	Keyboard using the menu, type in the data, and
       then disable Secure Keyboard using the menu again.  This	 ensures  that
       you  know  which	window is accepting your keystrokes.  It cannot	ensure
       that there are no processes which have access to	your  X	 display  that
       might be	observing the keystrokes as well.

       Only  one X client at a time can	grab the keyboard, so when you attempt
       to enable Secure	Keyboard it may	fail.  In this	case,  the  bell  will
       sound.	If the Secure Keyboard succeeds, the foreground	and background
       colors will be exchanged	(as if you selected the	Reverse	Video entry in
       the  Modes  menu);  they	 will  be exchanged again when you exit	secure
       mode.  If the colors do not switch, then	you should be very  suspicious
       that  you  are  being spoofed.  If the application you are running dis-
       plays a prompt before asking for	the password, it is  safest  to	 enter
       secure mode before the prompt gets displayed, and to make sure that the
       prompt gets displayed correctly (in the new colors),  to	 minimize  the
       probability of spoofing.	 You can also bring up the menu	again and make
       sure that a check mark appears next to the entry.

       Secure Keyboard mode will be disabled automatically if your xterm  win-
       dow becomes iconified (or otherwise unmapped), or if you	start up a re-
       parenting window	manager	(that places a title bar or  other  decoration
       around  the  window) while in Secure Keyboard mode.  (This is a feature
       of the X	protocol not easily overcome.)	When this happens,  the	 fore-
       ground  and  background	colors will be switched	back and the bell will
       sound in	warning.

CHARACTER CLASSES
       Clicking	the left mouse button twice in rapid succession	will cause all
       characters  of the same class (e.g., letters, white space, punctuation)
       to be selected.	Since different	people have different preferences  for
       what should be selected (for example, should filenames be selected as a
       whole or	only the separate subnames), the default mapping can be	 over-
       ridden through the use of the charClass (class CharClass) resource.

       This resource is	a series of comma-separated of range:value pairs.  The
       range is	either a single	number or low-high in the range	of 0 to	65535,
       corresponding  to  the  code for	the character or characters to be set.
       The value is arbitrary, although	the default table uses	the  character
       number  of the first character occurring	in the set.  When not in UTF-8
       mode, only the first 256	bytes of this table will be used.

       The default table starts	as follows -

	       static int charClass[256] = {
	       /* NUL  SOH  STX	 ETX  EOT  ENQ	ACK  BEL */
		   32,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*  BS	HT   NL	  VT   NP   CR	 SO   SI */
		    1,	32,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* DLE  DC1  DC2	 DC3  DC4  NAK	SYN  ETB */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* CAN	EM  SUB	 ESC   FS   GS	 RS   US */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*  SP	 !    "	   #	$    %	  &    ' */
		   32,	33,  34,  35,  36,  37,	 38,  39,
	       /*   (	 )    *	   +	,    -	  .    / */
		   40,	41,  42,  43,  44,  45,	 46,  47,
	       /*   0	 1    2	   3	4    5	  6    7 */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   8	 9    :	   ;	<    =	  >    ? */
		   48,	48,  58,  59,  60,  61,	 62,  63,
	       /*   @	 A    B	   C	D    E	  F    G */
		   64,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   H	 I    J	   K	L    M	  N    O */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   P	 Q    R	   S	T    U	  V    W */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   X	 Y    Z	   [	\    ]	  ^    _ */
		   48,	48,  48,  91,  92,  93,	 94,  48,
	       /*   `	 a    b	   c	d    e	  f    g */
		   96,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   h	 i    j	   k	l    m	  n    o */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   p	 q    r	   s	t    u	  v    w */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   x	 y    z	   {	|    }	  ~  DEL */
		   48,	48,  48, 123, 124, 125,	126,   1,
	       /* x80  x81  x82	 x83  IND  NEL	SSA  ESA */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* HTS  HTJ  VTS	 PLD  PLU   RI	SS2  SS3 */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* DCS  PU1  PU2	 STS  CCH   MW	SPA  EPA */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* x98  x99  x9A	 CSI   ST  OSC	 PM  APC */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*   -	 i   c/	   L   ox   Y-	  |   So */
		  160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,	166, 167,
	       /*  ..	c0   ip	  <<	_	 R0    - */
		  168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173,	174, 175,
	       /*   o	+-    2	   3	'    u	 q|    . */
		  176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181,	182, 183,
	       /*   ,	 1    2	  >>  1/4  1/2	3/4    ? */
		  184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189,	190, 191,
	       /*  A`	A'   A^	  A~   A:   Ao	 AE   C, */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  E`	E'   E^	  E:   I`   I'	 I^   I: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  D-	N~   O`	  O'   O^   O~	 O:    X */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 215,
	       /*  O/	U`   U'	  U^   U:   Y'	  P    B */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  a`	a'   a^	  a~   a:   ao	 ae   c, */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  e`	e'   e^	  e:	i`  i'	 i^   i: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   d	n~   o`	  o'   o^   o~	 o:   -: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 247,
	       /*  o/	u`   u'	  u^   u:   y'	  P   y: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48};

       For example, the	string ``33:48,37:48,45-47:48,38:48''  indicates  that
       the  exclamation	mark, percent sign, dash, period, slash, and ampersand
       characters should be treated the	same way as  characters	 and  numbers.
       This is useful for cutting and pasting electronic mailing addresses and
       filenames.

ACTIONS
       It is possible to rebind	keys  (or  sequences  of  keys)	 to  arbitrary
       strings for input, by changing the translations resources for the vt100
       or tek4014 widgets.  Changing  the  translations	 resource  for	events
       other than key and button events	is not expected, and will cause	unpre-
       dictable	behavior.  The following actions are provided for  use	within
       the vt100 or tek4014 translations resources:

       allow-send-events(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action set	or toggles the allowSendEvents resource	and is
	       also invoked by the allowsends entry in mainMenu.

       bell([percent])
	       This action rings the keyboard bell at the specified percentage
	       above or	below the base volume.

       clear-saved-lines()
	       This  action  does hard-reset() (see below) and also clears the
	       history of lines	saved off the top of the screen.  It  is  also
	       invoked	from  the clearsavedlines entry	in vtMenu.  The	effect
	       is identical to a hardware reset	(RIS) control sequence.

       create-menu(m/v/f/t)
	       This action creates one of the menus used by xterm, if  it  has
	       not been	previously created.  The parameter values are the menu
	       names: mainMenu,	vtMenu,	fontMenu, tekMenu, respectively.

       dabbrev-expand()
	       Expands the word	before cursor by searching  in	the  preceding
	       text  on	 the  screen  and  in  the scrollback buffer for words
	       starting	with that abbreviation.	 By default bound  to  Meta /.
	       Repeating  dabbrev-expand()  several times in sequence searches
	       for an alternative expansion by looking farther back.  Lack  of
	       more  matches  is  signaled by a	beep().	 Attempts to expand an
	       empty word (i.e., when cursor is	preceded  by  a	 space)	 yield
	       successively  all previous words.  Consecutive identical	expan-
	       sions are ignored.  The word here is defined as a  sequence  of
	       non-whitespace characters.  This	feature	partially emulates the
	       behavior	of `dynamic abbreviation'  expansion  in  Emacs	 (also
	       bound there to M-/).

       deiconify()
	       Changes the window state	back to	normal,	if it was iconified.

       delete-is-del()
	       This action toggles the state of	the deleteIsDEL	resource.

       dired-button()
	       Handles	a button event (other than press and release) by echo-
	       ing the event's position	(i.e., character line and  column)  in
	       the following format:

		       ^X ESC G	<line+'	'> <col+' '>

       iconify()
	       Iconifies the window.

       hard-reset()
	       This action resets the scrolling	region,	tabs, window size, and
	       cursor keys and clears the screen.  It is also invoked from the
	       hardreset entry in vtMenu.

       ignore()
	       This  action  ignores  the event	but checks for special pointer
	       position	escape sequences.

       insert()
	       This action inserts the character or string associated with the
	       key that	was pressed.

       insert-eight-bit()
	       This  action inserts an eight-bit (Meta)	version	of the charac-
	       ter or string associated	with the key that  was	pressed.   The
	       exact  action  depends  on the value of the metaSendsEscape and
	       the eightBitInput resources.

       insert-selection(sourcename [, ...])
	       This action inserts the string found in the selection  or  cut-
	       buffer indicated	by sourcename.	Sources	are checked in the or-
	       der given (case is significant) until one is found.   Commonly-
	       used  selections	 include:  PRIMARY,  SECONDARY,	and CLIPBOARD.
	       Cut buffers are typically named	CUT_BUFFER0  through  CUT_BUF-
	       FER7.

       insert-seven-bit()
	       This action is a	synonym	for insert()

       interpret(control-sequence)
	       Interpret  the  given  control  sequence	locally, i.e., without
	       passing it to the host.	This works by  inserting  the  control
	       sequence	 at  the front of the input buffer.  Use "\" to	escape
	       octal digits in the string.  Xt does not	allow  you  to	put  a
	       null character (i.e., "\000") in	the string.

       keymap(name)
	       This  action  dynamically defines a new translation table whose
	       resource	name is	name with the suffix Keymap (case is  signifi-
	       cant).  The name	None restores the original translation table.

       larger-vt-font()
	       Set  the	 font to the next larger one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       load-vt-fonts(name[,class])
	       Load fontnames from the given subresource name and class.  That
	       is, load	the "*VT100.name.font",	resource as "*VT100.font" etc.
	       If no name is given, the	original set of	fontnames is restored.

	       Unlike set-vt-font(), this does not affect the escape- and  se-
	       lect-fonts,  since  those are not based on resource values.  It
	       does affect the fonts loosely organized under  the  ``Default''
	       menu entry: font, boldFont, wideFont and	wideBoldFont.

       maximize()
	       Resizes the window to fill the screen.

       meta-sends-escape()
	       This action toggles the state of	the metaSendsEscape resource.

       popup-menu(menuname)
	       This  action  displays  the  specified popup menu.  Valid names
	       (case is	significant) include:  mainMenu, vtMenu, fontMenu, and
	       tekMenu.

       print() This  action prints the window and is also invoked by the print
	       entry in	mainMenu.

       print-redir()
	       This action toggles the printerControlMode  between  0  and  2.
	       The  corresponding popup	menu entry is useful for switching the
	       printer off if you happen to change your	mind after deciding to
	       print random binary files on the	terminal.

       quit()  This  action sends a SIGHUP to the subprogram and exits.	 It is
	       also invoked by the quit	entry in mainMenu.

       redraw()
	       This action redraws the window and is also invoked by  the  re-
	       draw entry in mainMenu.

       restore()
	       Restores	the window to the size before it was last maximized.

       scroll-back(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This  action scrolls the	text window backward so	that text that
	       had previously scrolled off the top of the screen is now	 visi-
	       ble.

	       The  count argument indicates the number	of units (which	may be
	       page, halfpage, pixel, or line) by which	to scroll.

	       An adjustment can be specified for these	values by appending  a
	       "+" or "-" sign followed	by a number, e.g., page-2 to specify 2
	       lines less than a page.

	       If the third parameter mouse is given, the  action  is  ignored
	       when mouse reporting is enabled.

       scroll-forw(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This action is similar to scroll-back except that it scrolls in
	       the other direction.

       secure()
	       This action toggles the Secure Keyboard mode described  in  the
	       section named SECURITY, and is invoked from the securekbd entry
	       in mainMenu.

       select-cursor-end(destname [, ...])
	       This action is similar to select-end except that	it  should  be
	       used with select-cursor-start.

       select-cursor-start()
	       This  action  is	 similar to select-start except	that it	begins
	       the selection at	the current text cursor	position.

       select-end(destname [, ...])
	       This action puts	the currently selected text into  all  of  the
	       selections or cutbuffers	specified by destname.

       select-extend()
	       This  action  tracks the	pointer	and extends the	selection.  It
	       should only be bound to Motion events.

       select-set()
	       This action stores text that corresponds	to the current	selec-
	       tion, without affecting the selection mode.

       select-start()
	       This  action begins text	selection at the current pointer loca-
	       tion.  See the section on POINTER USAGE for information on mak-
	       ing selections.

       send-signal(signame)
	       This action sends the signal named by signame to	the xterm sub-
	       process (the shell or program specified	with  the  -e  command
	       line  option) and is also invoked by the	suspend, continue, in-
	       terrupt,	hangup,	terminate, and kill entries in mainMenu.   Al-
	       lowable	signal	names  are (case is not	significant): tstp (if
	       supported by the	operating system),  suspend  (same  as	tstp),
	       cont  (if  supported  by	the operating system), int, hup, term,
	       quit, alrm, alarm (same as alrm)	and kill.

       set-allow132(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the c132 resource and is also invoked  from
	       the allow132 entry in vtMenu.

       set-altscreen(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles between the alternate and current screens.

       set-appcursor(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the handling Application Cursor Key mode
	       and is also invoked by the appcursor entry in vtMenu.

       set-appkeypad(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	of Application Keypad mode and
	       is also invoked by the appkeypad	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autolinefeed(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  automatic	 insertion of linefeeds	and is
	       also invoked by the autolinefeed	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autowrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles automatic wrapping of  long	lines  and  is
	       also invoked by the autowrap entry in vtMenu.

       set-backarrow(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles the backarrowKey resource and is also in-
	       voked from the backarrow	key entry in vtMenu.

       set-cursorblink(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the cursorBlink resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked from the cursorblink entry	in vtMenu.

       set-cursesemul(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  curses resource and is also invoked
	       from the	cursesemul entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-doublesize(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the fontDoublesize resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the font-doublesize entry in fontMenu.

       set-hp-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the hpFunctionKeys resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the hpFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-jumpscroll(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the jumpscroll resource and is also invoked
	       by the jumpscroll entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-linedrawing(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  xterm's state regarding whether the
	       current font has	line-drawing characters	and whether it	should
	       draw them directly.  It is also invoked by the font-linedrawing
	       entry in	fontMenu.

       set-logging()
	       This action toggles the state of	the logging option.

       set-old-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the state of	legacy function	 keys  and  is
	       also invoked by the oldFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-marginbell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the marginBell resource and is also invoked
	       from the	marginbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-num-lock()
	       This action toggles the state of	the numLock resource.

       set-pop-on-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the popOnBell resource and is also  invoked
	       by the poponbell	entry in vtMenu.

       set-render-font(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the renderFont resource and is also invoked
	       by the render-font entry	in fontMenu.

       set-reverse-video(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the reverseVideo resource and is  also  in-
	       voked by	the reversevideo entry in vtMenu.

       set-reversewrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the reverseWrap resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the reversewrap	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-key(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollKey resource and is also  invoked
	       from the	scrollkey entry	in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-tty-output(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the scrollTtyOutput resource and is also
	       invoked from the	scrollttyoutput	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scrollbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollbar resource and is also  invoked
	       by the scrollbar	entry in vtMenu.

       set-sco-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the scoFunctionKeys resource and is also
	       invoked by the scoFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the sunFunctionKeys resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked by the sunFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-keyboard(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the sunKeyboard resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the sunKeyboard	entry in mainMenu.

       set-tek-text(large/2/3/small)
	       This action sets	font used in the Tektronix window to the value
	       of  the	resources  tektextlarge,  tektext2, tektext3, and tek-
	       textsmall according to the argument.  It	is also	by the entries
	       of the same names as the	resources in tekMenu.

       set-terminal-type(type)
	       This action directs output to either the	vt or tek windows, ac-
	       cording to the type string.  It is also invoked by the  tekmode
	       entry in	vtMenu and the vtmode entry in tekMenu.

       set-titeInhibit(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the titeInhibit resource,	which controls
	       switching between the alternate and current screens.

       set-toolbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the toolbar feature and is also invoked  by
	       the toolbar entry in mainMenu.

       set-utf8-mode(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the utf8 resource	and is also invoked by
	       the utf8-mode entry in fontMenu.

       set-visibility(vt/tek,on/off/toggle)
	       This action controls whether or not the vt or tek  windows  are
	       visible.	  It  is  also invoked from the	tekshow	and vthide en-
	       tries in	vtMenu and the vtshow and tekhide entries in tekMenu.

       set-visual-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the visualBell resource and is also invoked
	       by the visualbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-vt-font(d/1/2/3/4/5/6/e/s [,normalfont [, boldfont]])
	       This  action sets the font or fonts currently being used	in the
	       VT102 window.  The first	argument is a  single  character  that
	       specifies the font to be	used:

	       d  or D indicate	the default font (the font initially used when
		      xterm was	started),

	       1 through 6 indicate the	fonts specified	by the	font1  through
		      font6 resources,

	       e  or  E	 indicate the normal and bold fonts that have been set
		      through escape codes (or specified  as  the  second  and
		      third action arguments, respectively), and

	       s or S indicate the font	selection (as made by programs such as
		      xfontsel(1)) indicated by	the second action argument.

	       If xterm	is configured to support  wide	characters,  an	 addi-
	       tional  two  optional parameters	are recognized for the e argu-
	       ment: wide font and wide	bold font.

       smaller-vt-font()
	       Set the font to the next	smaller	one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       soft-reset()
	       This  action  resets  the  scrolling region and is also invoked
	       from the	softreset entry	in vtMenu.  The	effect is identical to
	       a soft reset (DECSTR) control sequence.

       start-extend()
	       This  action  is	similar	to select-start	except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current pointer location.

       start-cursor-extend()
	       This action is similar to select-extend except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current text cursor position.

       string(string)
	       This action inserts the specified text string as	if it had been
	       typed.  Quotation is necessary if the  string  contains	white-
	       space  or  non-alphanumeric characters.	If the string argument
	       begins with the characters ``0x'', it is	interpreted as	a  hex
	       character constant.

       tek-copy()
	       This  action  copies the	escape codes used to generate the cur-
	       rent window contents to a file in the current directory	begin-
	       ning  with  the name COPY.  It is also invoked from the tekcopy
	       entry in	tekMenu.

       tek-page()
	       This action clears the Tektronix	window and is also invoked  by
	       the tekpage entry in tekMenu.

       tek-reset()
	       This  action resets the Tektronix window	and is also invoked by
	       the tekreset entry in tekMenu.

       vi-button()
	       Handles a button	event (other than press	and release) by	 echo-
	       ing a control sequence computed from the	event's	line number in
	       the screen relative to the current line:

		       ESC ^P
	       or
		       ESC ^N

	       according to whether the	event is before, or after the  current
	       line,  respectively.   The ^N (or ^P) is	repeated once for each
	       line that the event differs from	the current line.  The control
	       sequence	 is  omitted  altogether if the	button event is	on the
	       current line.

       visual-bell()
	       This action flashes the window quickly.

       The Tektronix window also has the following action:

       gin-press(l/L/m/M/r/R)
	       This action sends the indicated graphics	input code.

       The default bindings in the VT102 window	are:

		     Shift <KeyPress> Prior:scroll-back(1,halfpage) \n\
		      Shift <KeyPress> Next:scroll-forw(1,halfpage) \n\
		    Shift <KeyPress> Select:select-cursor-start() \
					    select-cursor-end(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
		    Shift <KeyPress> Insert:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	       Shift~Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:larger-vt-font() \n\
	       Shift Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:smaller-vt-font() \n\
	       Shift <KeyPress>	KP_Subtract:smaller-vt-font() \n\
			   ~Meta <KeyPress>:insert-seven-bit() \n\
			    Meta <KeyPress>:insert-eight-bit() \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
			   ~Meta <Btn1Down>:select-start() \n\
			 ~Meta <Btn1Motion>:select-extend() \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		     ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Down>:ignore() \n\
			    Meta <Btn2Down>:clear-saved-lines()	\n\
		       ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Up>:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		     ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn3Down>:start-extend() \n\
			 ~Meta <Btn3Motion>:select-extend() \n\
			    Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		       Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	     Lock @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		  @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
				 <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(5,line,m)     \n\
			    Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		       Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	     Lock @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		  @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
				 <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(5,line,m)     \n\
				    <BtnUp>:select-end(PRIMARY,	CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
				  <BtnDown>:ignore()

       The default bindings in the Tektronix window are:

			   ~Meta<KeyPress>: insert-seven-bit() \n\
			    Meta<KeyPress>: insert-eight-bit() \n\
			  !Ctrl	<Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	   !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu)	\n\
		!Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu)	\n\
			  !Ctrl	<Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu)	\n\
		     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu)	\n\
	   !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		!Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(L)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(l)	\n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(M)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(m)	\n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(R)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(r)

       Here is an example which	uses shifted select/paste to copy to the clip-
       board,  and  unshifted select/paste for the primary selection.  In each
       case, a (different) cut buffer is also a	target or source  of  the  se-
       lect/paste  operation.	It  is important to remember however, that cut
       buffers store data in ISO-8859-1	encoding, while	selections  can	 store
       data  in	 a variety of formats and encodings.  While xterm owns the se-
       lection,	it highlights it.  When	it loses the selection,	it removes the
       corresponding  highlight.  But you can still paste from the correspond-
       ing cut buffer.

	   *VT100*translations:	   #override \n\
	       ~Shift~Ctrl<Btn2Up>: insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	       Shift~Ctrl<Btn2Up>:  insert-selection(CLIPBOARD,	CUT_BUFFER1) \n\
	       ~Shift<BtnUp>:	    select-end(PRIMARY,	CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	       Shift<BtnUp>:	    select-end(CLIPBOARD, CUT_BUFFER1)

       Below is	a sample how of	the keymap() action is	used  to  add  special
       keys for	entering commonly-typed	works:

	   *VT100.Translations:	#override <Key>F13: keymap(dbx)
	   *VT100.dbxKeymap.translations: \
		<Key>F14: keymap(None) \n\
		<Key>F17: string("next") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F18: string("step") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F19: string("continue") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F20: string("print	") insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0)

CONTROL	SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD
       The  Xterm Control Sequences document lists the control sequences which
       an application can send xterm to	make it	 perform  various  operations.
       Most  of	these operations are standardized, from	either the DEC or Tek-
       tronix terminals, or from more widely used standards such as ISO	6429.

ENVIRONMENT
       Xterm sets the environment variables ``TERM'' for the window  you  have
       created.	 It also uses and sets the environment variable	``DISPLAY'' to
       specify which bit map display terminal to use.  The  environment	 vari-
       able ``WINDOWID'' is set	to the X window	id number of the xterm window.

       Depending  on your system configuration,	xterm may also set the follow-
       ing:

       COLUMNS
	    the	width of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty columns").

       HOME when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       LINES
	    the	height of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty rows").

       LOGNAME
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       SHELL
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       TERMCAP
	    the	contents of the	termcap	entry  corresponding  to  $TERM,  with
	    lines  and	columns	 values	substituted for	the actual size	window
	    you	have created.

       TERMINFO
	    may	be defined to a	nonstandard location in	the configure script.

FILES
       The actual pathnames given may differ on	your system.

       /etc/utmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins.

       /etc/wtmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins and logouts.

       /usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm
	    the	xterm default application resources.

       /usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm-color
	    the	xterm color application	resources.  If your  display  supports
	    color, use this
		      *customization: -color
	    in	your  .Xdefaults  file to automatically	turn on	color in xterm
	    and	similar	applications.

ERROR MESSAGES
       Most of the fatal error messages	from xterm use the following format:
	      xterm: Error XXX,	errno YYY: ZZZ
       The XXX codes (which are	used by	xterm as its exit-code)	are listed be-
       low, with a brief explanation.

       1    is	used  for  miscellaneous errors, usually accompanied by	a spe-
	    cific message,

       11   ERROR_FIONBIO
	    main: ioctl() failed on FIONBIO

       12   ERROR_F_GETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_GETFL

       13   ERROR_F_SETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_SETFL

       14   ERROR_OPDEVTTY
	    spawn: open() failed on /dev/tty

       15   ERROR_TIOCGETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCGETP

       17   ERROR_PTSNAME
	    spawn: ptsname() failed

       18   ERROR_OPPTSNAME
	    spawn: open() failed on ptsname

       19   ERROR_PTEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ptem"

       20   ERROR_CONSEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"consem"

       21   ERROR_LDTERM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ldterm"

       22   ERROR_TTCOMPAT
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ttcompat"

       23   ERROR_TIOCSETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETP

       24   ERROR_TIOCSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETC

       25   ERROR_TIOCSETD
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETD

       26   ERROR_TIOCSLTC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSLTC

       27   ERROR_TIOCLSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCLSET

       28   ERROR_INIGROUPS
	    spawn: initgroups()	failed

       29   ERROR_FORK
	    spawn: fork() failed

       30   ERROR_EXEC
	    spawn: exec() failed

       32   ERROR_PTYS
	    get_pty: not enough	ptys

       34   ERROR_PTY_EXEC
	    waiting for	initial	map

       35   ERROR_SETUID
	    spawn: setuid() failed

       36   ERROR_INIT
	    spawn: can't initialize window

       46   ERROR_TIOCKSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSET

       47   ERROR_TIOCKSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSETC

       48   ERROR_SPREALLOC
	    spawn: realloc of ttydev failed

       49   ERROR_LUMALLOC
	    luit: command-line malloc failed

       50   ERROR_SELECT
	    in_put: select() failed

       54   ERROR_VINIT
	    VTInit: can't initialize window

       57   ERROR_KMMALLOC1
	    HandleKeymapChange:	malloc failed

       60   ERROR_TSELECT
	    Tinput: select() failed

       64   ERROR_TINIT
	    TekInit: can't initialize window

       71   ERROR_BMALLOC2
	    SaltTextAway: malloc() failed

       80   ERROR_LOGEXEC
	    StartLog: exec() failed

       83   ERROR_XERROR
	    xerror: XError event

       84   ERROR_XIOERROR
	    xioerror: X	I/O error

       90   ERROR_SCALLOC
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on base

       91   ERROR_SCALLOC2
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on rows

       92   ERROR_SREALLOC
	    ScreenResize: realloc() failed on alt base

       96   ERROR_RESIZE
	    ScreenResize: malloc() or realloc()	failed

       102  ERROR_SAVE_PTR
	    ScrnPointers: malloc/realloc() failed

       110  ERROR_SBRALLOC
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on base

       111  ERROR_SBRALLOC2
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on rows

       121  ERROR_MMALLOC
	    my_memmove:	malloc/realloc failed

BUGS
       Large pastes do not work	on some	systems.  This is not a	bug in	xterm;
       it  is  a  bug  in  the pseudo terminal driver of those systems.	 xterm
       feeds large pastes to the pty only as fast as the pty will accept data,
       but  some  pty  drivers do not return enough information	to know	if the
       write has succeeded.

       Many of the options are not resettable after xterm starts.

       This program still needs	to be rewritten.  It should be split into very
       modular	sections, with the various emulators being completely separate
       widgets that do not know	about each other.  Ideally, you'd like	to  be
       able  to	 pick and choose emulator widgets and stick them into a	single
       control widget.

       There needs to be a dialog box to allow entry  of  the  Tek  COPY  file
       name.

SEE ALSO
       resize(1), luit(1), X(1), pty(4), tty(4)
       Xterm Control Sequences (this is	the file ctlseqs.ms).

       http://invisible-island.net/xterm/xterm.html

AUTHORS
       Far too many people, including:

       Loretta Guarino Reid (DEC-UEG-WSL), Joel	McCormack (DEC-UEG-WSL), Terry
       Weissman	(DEC-UEG-WSL), Edward Moy (Berkeley),  Ralph  R.  Swick	 (MIT-
       Athena),	 Mark  Vandevoorde  (MIT-Athena),  Bob McNamara	(DEC-MAD), Jim
       Gettys (MIT-Athena), Bob	Scheifler (MIT X Consortium), Doug Mink	(SAO),
       Steve  Pitschke	(Stellar),  Ron	Newman (MIT-Athena), Jim Fulton	(MIT X
       Consortium), Dave Serisky (HP), Jonathan	Kamens (MIT-Athena), Jason Ba-
       con,  Stephen  P.  Wall,	 David	Wexelblat,  and	Thomas Dickey (XFree86
       Project).

				X Window System			      XTERM(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EMULATIONS | OTHER FEATURES | OPTIONS | RESOURCES | POINTER USAGE | MENUS | SECURITY | CHARACTER CLASSES | ACTIONS | CONTROL SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | ERROR MESSAGES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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