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XTERM(1)		    General Commands Manual		      XTERM(1)

NAME
       xterm - terminal	emulator for X

SYNOPSIS
       xterm [-toolkitoption ...] [-option ...]

DESCRIPTION
       The  xterm  program is a	terminal emulator for the X Window System.  It
       provides	DEC VT102/VT220	(VTxxx)	and Tektronix 4014  compatible	termi-
       nals  for  programs that	cannot use the window system directly.	If the
       underlying operating system  supports  terminal	resizing  capabilities
       (for  example,  the  SIGWINCH  signal  in systems derived from 4.3bsd),
       xterm will use the facilities to	notify programs	running	in the	window
       whenever	it is resized.

       The  VTxxx  and	Tektronix 4014 terminals each have their own window so
       that you	can edit text in one and look at graphics in the other at  the
       same  time.   To	maintain the correct aspect ratio (height/width), Tek-
       tronix graphics will be restricted to the largest box with a 4014's as-
       pect ratio that will fit	in the window.	This box is located in the up-
       per left	area of	the window.

       Although	both windows may be displayed at the same time,	one of them is
       considered  the ``active'' window for receiving keyboard	input and ter-
       minal output.  This is the window that contains the text	 cursor.   The
       active  window  can  be	chosen	through	escape sequences, the ``VT Op-
       tions'' menu in the VTxxx window, and the ``Tek Options'' menu  in  the
       4014 window.

EMULATIONS
       The  VT102  emulation  is fairly	complete, but does not support autore-
       peat.  Double-size characters  are  displayed  properly	if  your  font
       server  supports	 scalable fonts.  The VT220 emulation does not support
       soft fonts, it is otherwise complete.   Termcap(5)  entries  that  work
       with  xterm  include  an	 optional  platform-specific entry, ``xterm,''
       ``vt102,'' ``vt100'' and	``ansi,'' and ``dumb.''	  xterm	 automatically
       searches	the termcap file in this order for these entries and then sets
       the ``TERM'' and	the ``TERMCAP''	environment variables.	You  may  also
       use  ``vt220,''	 but  must  set	 the terminal emulation	level with the
       decTerminalID resource.	(The ``TERMCAP'' environment variable  is  not
       set  if xterm is	linked against a terminfo library, since the requisite
       information is not provided by the termcap emulation  of	 terminfo  li-
       braries).

       Many  of	 the special xterm features may	be modified under program con-
       trol through a set of escape  sequences	different  from	 the  standard
       VT102 escape sequences.	(See the Xterm Control Sequences document.)

       The  Tektronix  4014 emulation is also fairly good.  It supports	12-bit
       graphics	addressing, scaled to the window size.	 Four  different  font
       sizes and five different	lines types are	supported.  There is no	write-
       through or defocused mode support.  The	Tektronix  text	 and  graphics
       commands	 are recorded internally by xterm and may be written to	a file
       by sending the COPY escape sequence (or through the Tektronix menu; see
       below).	 The  name  of	the  file will be ``COPYyyyy-MM-dd.hh:mm:ss'',
       where yyyy, MM, dd, hh, mm and ss  are  the  year,  month,  day,	 hour,
       minute  and  second when	the COPY was performed (the file is created in
       the directory xterm is started in, or the home directory	 for  a	 login
       xterm).

       Not all of the features described in this manual	are necessarily	avail-
       able in this version of xterm.  Some (e.g., the	non-VT220  extensions)
       are  available only if they were	compiled in, though the	most commonly-
       used are	in the default configuration.

OTHER FEATURES
       Xterm automatically highlights the text cursor when the pointer	enters
       the  window  (selected) and unhighlights	it when	the pointer leaves the
       window (unselected).  If	the window is the focus	window,	then the  text
       cursor is highlighted no	matter where the pointer is.

       In VT102	mode, there are	escape sequences to activate and deactivate an
       alternate screen	buffer,	which is the same size as the display area  of
       the  window.   When activated, the current screen is saved and replaced
       with the	alternate screen.  Saving of lines scrolled off	the top	of the
       window is disabled until	the normal screen is restored.	The termcap(5)
       entry for xterm allows the visual editor	vi(1) to switch	to the	alter-
       nate  screen  for  editing  and to restore the screen on	exit.  A popup
       menu entry makes	it simple to switch between the	normal	and  alternate
       screens for cut and paste.

       In either VT102 or Tektronix mode, there	are escape sequences to	change
       the name	of the windows.	 Additionally, in VT102	mode, xterm implements
       the window-manipulation control sequences from dtterm, such as resizing
       the window, setting its location	on the screen.

       Xterm allows character-based applications to receive mouse events (cur-
       rently  button-press  and  release events, and button-motion events) as
       keyboard	control	sequences.  See	Xterm Control Sequences	for details.

OPTIONS
       The xterm terminal emulator accepts all of the standard X Toolkit  com-
       mand line options as well as the	following (if the option begins	with a
       `+' instead of a	`-', the option	is restored  to	 its  default  value).
       The  -version  and  -help  options are interpreted even if xterm	cannot
       open the	display, and are useful	for testing and	configuration scripts:

       -version
	       This causes xterm to print a version  number  to	 the  standard
	       output.

       -help   This causes xterm to print out a	verbose	message	describing its
	       options.	 The message is	written	to the standard	error.

       The other options are used to control the appearance and	behavior.  Not
       all options are necessarily configured into your	copy of	xterm.

       -132    Normally,  the  VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence that switches be-
	       tween 80	and 132	column mode is ignored.	  This	option	causes
	       the  DECCOLM  escape  sequence  to be recognized, and the xterm
	       window will resize appropriately.

       -ah     This option indicates that xterm	should	always	highlight  the
	       text cursor.  By	default, xterm will display a hollow text cur-
	       sor whenever the	focus is lost or the pointer leaves  the  win-
	       dow.

       +ah     This  option  indicates	that xterm should do text cursor high-
	       lighting	based on focus.

       -ai     This option disables active icon	support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to FALSE.

       +ai     This option enables active icon support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to TRUE.

       -aw     This option indicates that auto-wraparound should  be  allowed.
	       This  allows  the cursor	to automatically wrap to the beginning
	       of the next line	when when it is	at the rightmost position of a
	       line and	text is	output.

       +aw     This  option  indicates	that auto-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -b number
	       This option specifies the size of the inner  border  (the  dis-
	       tance  between  the outer edge of the characters	and the	window
	       border) in pixels.  The default is 2.

       +bc     turn off	text cursor blinking.  This overrides the  cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bc     turn  on	 text cursor blinking.	This overrides the cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bcf milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is off when blinking

       -bcn milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is on when blinking

       -bdc    Set the vt100 resource colorBDMode to FALSE, disabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute as color

       +bdc    Set  the	 vt100 resource	colorBDMode to TRUE, enabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute  as  color  rather  than
	       bold

       -cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to FALSE.

       +cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to TRUE.

       -cc characterclassrange:value[,...]
	       This  sets  classes  indicated by the given ranges for using in
	       selecting by  words.   See  the	section	 specifying  character
	       classes.

       -cjk_width
	       Set the cjkWidth	resource to ``true''.  When turned on, charac-
	       ters with East Asian Ambiguous (A) category in UTR  11  have  a
	       column  width  of  2.  Othrwise,	they have a column width of 1.
	       This may	be useful for some legacy CJK text terminal-based pro-
	       grams  assuming	box drawings and others	to have	a column width
	       of 2.  It also has to be	turned on when you specify a  truetype
	       CJK  double-width  (bi-width/monospace) font either with	-fa at
	       the  command  line  or  faceName	 resource.   The  default   is
	       ``false''

       +cjk_width
	       Reset the cjkWidth resource.

       -class string
	       This  option  allows  you  to  override xterm's resource	class.
	       Normally	it is ``XTerm'', but can be set	to another class  such
	       as ``UXTerm'' to	override selected resources.

       -cm     This  option  disables  recognition of ANSI color-change	escape
	       sequences.

       +cm     This option enables recognition of ANSI color-change escape se-
	       quences.	 This is the same as the vt100 resource	colorMode.

       -cn     This  option indicates that newlines should not be cut in line-
	       mode selections.

       +cn     This option indicates that newlines should be cut in  line-mode
	       selections.

       -cr color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for text cursor.  The
	       default is to use the same foreground color that	 is  used  for
	       text.

       -cu     This  option  indicates	that xterm should work around a	bug in
	       the more(1) program that	causes it to incorrectly display lines
	       that  are exactly the width of the window and are followed by a
	       line beginning with a tab (the leading tabs are not displayed).
	       This option is so named because it was originally thought to be
	       a bug in	the curses(3x) cursor motion package.

       +cu     This option indicates that xterm	should	not  work  around  the
	       more(1) bug mentioned above.

       -dc     This option disables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors: the	vt100 foreground and background	colors,	its text  cur-
	       sor color, the pointer cursor foreground	and background colors,
	       the Tektronix emulator foreground and  background  colors,  its
	       text cursor color and highlight color.

       +dc     This  option enables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors.

       -e program [ arguments ... ]
	       This option specifies the program (and its command  line	 argu-
	       ments)  to be run in the	xterm window.  It also sets the	window
	       title and icon name to be the basename of the program being ex-
	       ecuted  if  neither  -T	nor  -n	are given on the command line.
	       This must be the	last option on the command line.

       -en encoding
	       This option determines the encoding on which  xterm  runs.   It
	       corresponds to the locale resource.  Encodings other than UTF-8
	       are supported by	using luit.  The -lc option should be used in-
	       stead of	-en for	systems	with locale support.

       -fb font
	       This  option  specifies	a font to be used when displaying bold
	       text.  This font	must be	the same height	and width as the  nor-
	       mal  font.   If	only one of the	normal or bold fonts is	speci-
	       fied, it	will be	used as	the normal font	and the	bold font will
	       be  produced  by	 overstriking this font.  The default is to do
	       overstriking of the normal font.	 See also  the	discussion  of
	       boldFont	and boldMode resources.

       -fa pattern
	       This  option  sets  the	pattern	 for  fonts  selected from the
	       FreeType	library	if support for that library was	compiled  into
	       xterm.	This corresponds to the	faceName resource.  When a CJK
	       double-width font is specified, you also	need to	 turn  on  the
	       cjkWidth	resource.

       -fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should compare normal and bold
	       fonts bounding boxes to ensure they are compatible.

       +fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should not compare normal  and
	       bold fonts bounding boxes to ensure they	are compatible.

       -fbx    This  option  indicates	that  xterm should not assume that the
	       normal and bold fonts have VT100	line-drawing  characters.   If
	       any are missing,	xterm will draw	the characters directly.

       +fbx    This  option indicates that xterm should	assume that the	normal
	       and bold	fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.

       -fd pattern
	       This option sets	the pattern for	 double-width  fonts  selected
	       from  the FreeType library if support for that library was com-
	       piled into xterm.  This corresponds to  the  faceNameDoublesize
	       resource.

       -fi font
	       This  option sets the font for active icons if that feature was
	       compiled	into xterm.  See also the discussion of	 the  iconFont
	       resource.

       -fs size
	       This  option  sets  the	pointsize  for fonts selected from the
	       FreeType	library	if support for that library was	compiled  into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceSize	resource.

       -fw font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.  This corresponds to the wideFont resource.

       -fwb font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying bold
	       wide text.  By default, it will attempt to use a	font twice  as
	       wide  as	 the  font that	will be	used to	draw bold text.	 If no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.  This	corresponds to the wideBoldFont	resource.

       -fx font
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.  See also the
	       discussion of the ximFont resource.

       -hc color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       selected	or otherwise highlighted text.	If not specified,  re-
	       verse video is used.

       -hf     This  option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +hf     This option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       not be generated	for function keys.

       -hold   Turn on the hold	resource, i.e.,	xterm will not immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell	command	 completes.   It  will
	       wait  until you use the window manager to destroy/kill the win-
	       dow, or if you use the menu entries that	send a	signal,	 e.g.,
	       HUP or KILL.

       +hold   Turn  off  the  hold resource, i.e., xterm will immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell command completes.

       -ie     Turn on the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., use the pseudo-ter-
	       minal's sense of	the stty erase value.

       +ie     Turn off	the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., set	the stty erase
	       value using the kb string from the termcap entry	 as  a	refer-
	       ence, if	available.

       -im     Turn on the useInsertMode resource.

       +im     Turn off	the useInsertMode resource.

       -into windowId
	       Given  an  X  window identifier (a decimal integer), xterm will
	       reparent	its top-level shell widget to that  window.   This  is
	       used to embed xterm within other	applications.

       -j      This  option  indicates	that  xterm  should do jump scrolling.
	       Normally, text is scrolled one line at a	time; this option  al-
	       lows xterm to move multiple lines at a time so that it does not
	       fall as far behind.  Its	use is strongly	recommended  since  it
	       makes  xterm much faster	when scanning through large amounts of
	       text.  The VT100	escape sequences for  enabling	and  disabling
	       smooth scroll as	well as	the ``VT Options'' menu	can be used to
	       turn this feature on or off.

       +j      This option indicates that xterm	should not do jump scrolling.

       -k8     This option  sets  the  allowC1Printable	 resource.   When  al-
	       lowC1Printable  is  set,	xterm overrides	the mapping of C1 con-
	       trol characters (code 128-159) to treat them as printable.

       +k8     This option resets the allowC1Printable resource.

       -l      Turn logging on.	 Normally logging is not supported, due	to se-
	       curity  concerns.   Some	versions of xterm may have logging en-
	       abled.  The logfile is written  to  the	directory  from	 which
	       xterm is	invoked.  The filename is generated, of	the form

		    XtermLog.XXXXXX

	       or

		    Xterm.log.hostname.yyyy.mm.dd.hh.mm.ss.XXXXXX

	       depending on how	xterm was built.

       +l      Turn logging off.

       -lc     Turn  on	 support  of various encodings according to the	users'
	       locale setting, i.e., LC_ALL,  LC_CTYPE,	 or  LANG  environment
	       variables.   This  is  achieved by turning on UTF-8 mode	and by
	       invoking	luit  for  conversion  between	locale	encodings  and
	       UTF-8.	(luit  is  not invoked in UTF-8	locales.)  This	corre-
	       sponds to the locale resource.

	       The actual list of encodings which are supported	is  determined
	       by  luit.   Consult  the	 luit manual page for further details.
	       See also	the discussion of the -u8 option which supports	 UTF-8
	       locales.

       +lc     Turn  off  support  of automatic	selection of locale encodings.
	       Conventional 8bit mode or, in UTF-8 locales or with -u8 option,
	       UTF-8 mode will be used.

       -lcc path
	       File  name  for the encoding converter from/to locale encodings
	       and UTF-8 which is used with -lc	 option	 or  locale  resource.
	       This corresponds	to the localeFilter resource.

       -leftbar
	       Force  scrollbar	to the left side of VT100 screen.  This	is the
	       default,	unless you have	set the	rightScrollBar resource.

       -lf filename
	       Specify the log-filename.  See the -l option.

       -ls     This option indicates that the shell that  is  started  in  the
	       xterm  window  will be a	login shell (i.e., the first character
	       of argv[0] will be a dash, indicating  to  the  shell  that  it
	       should read the user's .login or	.profile).

	       The  -ls	 flag and the loginShell resource are ignored if -e is
	       also given, because xterm does not know how to make  the	 shell
	       start the given command after whatever it does when it is a lo-
	       gin shell - the user's shell of choice need  not	 be  a	Bourne
	       shell  after all.  Also,	xterm -e is supposed to	provide	a con-
	       sistent functionality for other applications that need to start
	       text-mode  programs in a	window,	and if loginShell were not ig-
	       nored, the result of ~/.profile might interfere with that.

	       If you do want the effect of -ls	and -a simultaneously, you may
	       get away	with something like
		      xterm -e /bin/bash -l -c "my command here"

	       Finally,	 -ls  is  not completely ignored, because xterm	-ls -e
	       does write a /etc/wtmp entry (if	configured to do so),  whereas
	       xterm -e	does not.

       +ls     This option indicates that the shell that is started should not
	       be a login shell	(i.e., it will be a normal ``subshell'').

       -mb     This option indicates that xterm	should ring a margin bell when
	       the  user  types	near the right end of a	line.  This option can
	       be turned on and	off from the ``VT Options'' menu.

       +mb     This option indicates that margin bell should not be rung.

       -mc milliseconds
	       This option specifies the maximum time between multi-click  se-
	       lections.

       -mesg   Turn  off the messages resource,	i.e., disallow write access to
	       the terminal.

       +mesg   Turn on the messages resource, i.e., allow write	access to  the
	       terminal.

       -ms color
	       This option specifies the color to be used for the pointer cur-
	       sor.  The default is to use the foreground color.

       -nb number
	       This option specifies the number	of characters from  the	 right
	       end  of a line at which the margin bell,	if enabled, will ring.
	       The default is 10.

       -nul    This option disables the	display	of underlining.

       +nul    This option enables the display of underlining.

       -pc     This option enables the PC-style	use of bold colors (see	 bold-
	       Colors resource).

       +pc     This option disables the	PC-style use of	bold colors.

       -pob    This option indicates that the window should be raised whenever
	       a Control-G is received.

       +pob    This option indicates that the  window  should  not  be	raised
	       whenever	a Control-G is received.

       -rightbar
	       Force scrollbar to the right side of VT100 screen.

       -rvc    This option disables the	display	of characters with reverse at-
	       tribute as color.

       +rvc    This option enables the display of characters with reverse  at-
	       tribute as color.

       -rw     This  option  indicates	that  reverse-wraparound should	be al-
	       lowed.  This allows the cursor to back  up  from	 the  leftmost
	       column  of  one	line  to  the rightmost	column of the previous
	       line.  This is very useful for editing long shell command lines
	       and  is	encouraged.  This option can be	turned on and off from
	       the ``VT	Options'' menu.

       +rw     This option indicates that reverse-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -s      This  option  indicates	that  xterm may	scroll asynchronously,
	       meaning that the	screen does not	have to	be kept	completely  up
	       to  date	while scrolling.  This allows xterm to run faster when
	       network latencies are very high and is  typically  useful  when
	       running across a	very large internet or many gateways.

       +s      This option indicates that xterm	should scroll synchronously.

       -samename
	       Does  not send title and	icon name change requests when the re-
	       quest would have	no effect: the name is not changed.  This  has
	       the advantage of	preventing flicker and the disadvantage	of re-
	       quiring an extra	round trip to the server to find out the  pre-
	       vious value.  In	practice this should never be a	problem.

       +samename
	       Always send title and icon name change requests.

       -sb     This  option  indicates	that  some  number  of	lines that are
	       scrolled	off the	top of the window should be saved and  that  a
	       scrollbar  should  be  displayed	 so  that  those  lines	can be
	       viewed.	This option may	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +sb     This option indicates that a scrollbar should not be displayed.

       -sf     This option indicates that Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +sf     This option indicates that the standard escape codes should  be
	       generated for function keys.

       -si     This  option indicates that output to a window should not auto-
	       matically reposition the	screen to the bottom of	the  scrolling
	       region.	This option can	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +si     This option indicates that output to a window should  cause  it
	       to scroll to the	bottom.

       -sk     This  option  indicates	that  pressing	a  key while using the
	       scrollbar to review previous lines of  text  should  cause  the
	       window  to be repositioned automatically	in the normal position
	       at the bottom of	the scroll region.

       +sk     This option indicates that  pressing  a	key  while  using  the
	       scrollbar should	not cause the window to	be repositioned.

       -sl number
	       This  option  specifies	the  number of lines to	save that have
	       been scrolled off the top of the	screen.	 This  corresponds  to
	       the saveLines resource.	The default is 64.

       -sm     This  option,  corresponding  to	the sessionMgt resource, indi-
	       cates that xterm	should set up session manager callbacks.

       +sm     This option indicates that xterm	should not set up session man-
	       ager callbacks.

       -sp     This  option  indicates that Sun/PC keyboard should be assumed,
	       providing mapping for keypad `+'	to `,',	and  CTRL-F1  to  F13,
	       CTRL-F2 to F14, etc.

       +sp     This  option indicates that the standard	escape codes should be
	       generated for keypad and	function keys.

       -t      This option indicates that  xterm  should  start	 in  Tektronix
	       mode,  rather  than  in	VT102 mode.  Switching between the two
	       windows is done using the ``Options''  menus.   Termcap(5)  en-
	       tries   that   work   with   xterm   ``tek4014,''  ``tek4015,''
	       ``tek4012'', ``tek4013''	and ``tek4010,'' and ``dumb.''	 xterm
	       automatically searches the termcap file in this order for these
	       entries and then	sets the ``TERM'' and the ``TERMCAP'' environ-
	       ment variables.

       +t      This option indicates that xterm	should start in	VT102 mode.

       -ti term_id
	       Specify	the  name used by xterm	to select the correct response
	       to terminal ID queries.	It also	specifies the emulation	level,
	       used  to	 determine  the	 type  of response to a	DA control se-
	       quence.	Valid values include vt52, vt100,  vt101,  vt102,  and
	       vt220  (the  "vt"  is  optional).   The	default	is vt100.  The
	       term_id argument	specifies the terminal ID to  use.   (This  is
	       the same	as the decTerminalID resource).

       -tm string
	       This  option  specifies	a  series of terminal setting keywords
	       followed	by the characters that should be bound to those	 func-
	       tions,  similar	to  the	 stty program.	The keywords and their
	       values are described in detail in the ttyModes resource.

       -tn name
	       This option specifies the name of the terminal type to  be  set
	       in  the TERM environment	variable.  This	terminal type must ex-
	       ist in the termcap(5) database and should have li# and co#  en-
	       tries.

       -u8     This  option  sets  the utf8 resource.  When utf8 is set, xterm
	       interprets incoming data	as UTF-8.  This	sets the wideChars re-
	       source  as a side-effect, but the UTF-8 mode set	by this	option
	       prevents	it from	being turned off.  If you must turn it on  and
	       off, use	the wideChars resource.

	       This option and the utf8	resource are overridden	by the -lc and
	       -en options and locale resource.	 That is, if  xterm  has  been
	       compiled	 to  support  luit,  and  the  locale  resource	is not
	       ``false'' this option is	ignored.  We recommend using  the  -lc
	       option  or  the ``locale: true''	resource in UTF-8 locales when
	       your operating system supports locale, or -en UTF-8  option  or
	       the  ``locale: UTF-8'' resource when your operating system does
	       not support locale.

       +u8     This option resets the utf8 resource.

       -ulc    This option disables the	display	of characters  with  underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       +ulc    This  option  enables  the display of characters	with underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       -ut     This option indicates that xterm	should not write a record into
	       the the system utmp log file.

       +ut     This option indicates that xterm	should write a record into the
	       system utmp log file.

       -vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	is preferred  over  an
	       audible	one.   Instead of ringing the terminal bell whenever a
	       Control-G is received, the window will be flashed.

       +vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	should not be used.

       -wc     This option sets	the wideChars  resource.   When	 wideChars  is
	       set, xterm maintains internal structures	for 16-bit characters.
	       If you do not set this resource to ``true'', xterm will	ignore
	       the escape sequence which turns UTF-8 mode on and off.  The de-
	       fault is	``false''.

       +wc     This option resets the wideChars	resource.

       -wf     This option indicates that xterm	should wait for	the window  to
	       be mapped the first time	before starting	the subprocess so that
	       the initial terminal size settings  and	environment  variables
	       are  correct.   It is the application's responsibility to catch
	       subsequent terminal size	changes.

       +wf     This option indicates that xterm	show not wait before  starting
	       the subprocess.

       -ziconbeep percent
	       Same  as	 zIconBeep  resource.	If percent is non-zero,	xterms
	       that produce output while iconified will	cause an  XBell	 sound
	       at  the given volume and	have "***" prepended to	their icon ti-
	       tles.  Most window managers will	 detect	 this  change  immedi-
	       ately,  showing	you  which  window has the output.  (A similar
	       feature was in x10 xterm.)

       -C      This option indicates that this window should  receive  console
	       output.	 This is not supported on all systems.	To obtain con-
	       sole output, you	must be	the owner of the console  device,  and
	       you  must  have	read  and write	permission for it.  If you are
	       running X under xdm on the console screen you may need to  have
	       the  session  startup  and reset	programs explicitly change the
	       ownership of the	console	device in order	to get this option  to
	       work.

       -Sccn   This  option  allows  xterm  to	be used	as an input and	output
	       channel for an existing program and is sometimes	used  in  spe-
	       cialized	applications.  The option value	specifies the last few
	       letters of the name of a	pseudo-terminal	to use in slave	 mode,
	       plus  the  number of the	inherited file descriptor.  If the op-
	       tion contains a ``/'' character,	that delimits  the  characters
	       used  for  the  pseudo-terminal	name from the file descriptor.
	       Otherwise, exactly two characters are used from the option  for
	       the pseudo-terminal name, the remainder is the file descriptor.
	       Examples:
		      -S123/45
		      -Sab34

	       Note that xterm does not	close any file descriptor which	it did
	       not  open for its own use.  It is possible (though probably not
	       portable) to have an application	which passes an	open file  de-
	       scriptor	down to	xterm past the initialization or the -S	option
	       to a process running in the xterm.

       The following command line arguments  are  provided  for	 compatibility
       with  older versions.  They may not be supported	in the next release as
       the X Toolkit provides standard options that accomplish the same	task.

       %geom   This option specifies the preferred size	and  position  of  the
	       Tektronix window.  It is	shorthand for specifying the ``*tekGe-
	       ometry''	resource.

	#geom  This option specifies the preferred position of the  icon  win-
	       dow.   It is shorthand for specifying the ``*iconGeometry'' re-
	       source.

       -T string
	       This option specifies the title for  xterm's  windows.	It  is
	       equivalent to -title.

       -n string
	       This option specifies the icon name for xterm's windows.	 It is
	       shorthand for specifying	the ``*iconName'' resource.  Note that
	       this  is	 not the same as the toolkit option -name (see below).
	       The default icon	name is	the application	name.

       -r      This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	 the  foreground and background	colors.	 It is equiva-
	       lent to -rv.

       -w number
	       This option specifies the width in pixels of  the  border  sur-
	       rounding	the window.  It	is equivalent to -borderwidth or -bw.

       The  following  standard	 X Toolkit command line	arguments are commonly
       used with xterm:

       -bd color
	       This option specifies the color to use for the  border  of  the
	       window.	The default is ``black.''

       -bg color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       the window.  The	default	is ``white.''

       -bw number
	       This option specifies the width in pixels of  the  border  sur-
	       rounding	the window.

       -display	display
	       This option specifies the X server to contact; see X(1).

       -fg color
	       This  option  specifies	the  color to use for displaying text.
	       The default is ``black.''

       -fn font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for displaying	normal
	       text.  The default is fixed.

       -font font
	       This is the same	as -fn.

       -geometry geometry
	       This  option  specifies	the preferred size and position	of the
	       VT102 window; see X(1).

       -iconic This option indicates that xterm	should ask the window  manager
	       to start	it as an icon rather than as the normal	window.

       -name name
	       This  option  specifies	the  application  name under which re-
	       sources are to be obtained, rather than the default  executable
	       file name.  Name	should not contain ``.'' or ``*'' characters.

       -rv     This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	the foreground and background colors.

       +rv     Disable the simulation of reverse video by swapping  foreground
	       and background colors.

       -title string
	       This  option  specifies	the  window title string, which	may be
	       displayed by window managers if the user	so chooses.   The  de-
	       fault  title is the command line	specified after	the -e option,
	       if any, otherwise the application name.

       -xrm resourcestring
	       This option specifies a resource	string to be  used.   This  is
	       especially  useful for setting resources	that do	not have sepa-
	       rate command line options.

RESOURCES
       The program understands all of the core X Toolkit  resource  names  and
       classes.	 Application specific resources	(e.g., "XTerm.NAME") follow:

       backarrowKeyIsErase (class BackarrowKeyIsErase)
	       Tie  the	 VTxxx	backarrowKey and ptyInitialErase resources to-
	       gether by setting the DECBKM state  according  to  whether  the
	       initial	value of stty erase is a backspace (8) or delete (127)
	       character.  The default is ``false'', which disables this  fea-
	       ture.

       hold (class Hold)
	       If true,	xterm will not immediately destroy its window when the
	       shell command completes.	 It will wait until you	use the	window
	       manager	to destroy/kill	the window, or if you use the menu en-
	       tries that send a signal, e.g., HUP or KILL.   You  may	scroll
	       back,  select text, etc., to perform most graphical operations.
	       Resizing	the display will lose data, however,  since  this  in-
	       volves interaction with the shell which is no longer running.

       hpFunctionKeys (class HpFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	HP Function Key	escape codes should be
	       generated for function keys  instead  of	 standard  escape  se-
	       quences.

       iconGeometry (class IconGeometry)
	       Specifies  the  preferred  size and position of the application
	       when iconified.	It is not necessarily  obeyed  by  all	window
	       managers.

       iconName	(class IconName)
	       Specifies the icon name.	 The default is	the application	name.

       messages	(class Messages)
	       Specifies  whether write	access to the terminal is allowed ini-
	       tially.	See mesg(1).  The default is ``true''.

       ptyHandshake (classPtyHandshake)
	       If ``true'', xterm will perform handshaking during  initializa-
	       tion  to	 ensure	that the parent	and child processes update the
	       utmp and	stty state.  Platforms with newer pseudo-terminal  in-
	       terfaces	 do  not require this feature; normally	it is not con-
	       figured.	 The default is	``true''.

       ptyInitialErase (class PtyInitialErase)
	       If ``true'', xterm will use the pseudo-terminal's sense of  the
	       stty  erase value.  If ``false'', xterm will set	the stty erase
	       value to	match its own configuration, using the kb string  from
	       the  termcap  entry  as	a  reference, if available.  In	either
	       case, the result	is applied to the TERMCAP variable which xterm
	       sets.  The default is ``false''.

       sameName	(class SameName)
	       If  the value of	this resource is ``true'', xterm does not send
	       title and icon name change requests when	the request would have
	       no  effect: the name is not changed.  This has the advantage of
	       preventing flicker and the disadvantage of requiring  an	 extra
	       round  trip  to	the server to find out the previous value.  In
	       practice	this should  never  be	a  problem.   The  default  is
	       ``true''.

       scoFunctionKeys (class ScoFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies  whether  or not SCP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys instead of standard  escape  se-
	       quences.

       sessionMgt (class SessionMgt)
	       If  the	value of this resource is ``true'', xterm sets up ses-
	       sion manager callbacks for XtNdieCallback and  XtNsaveCallback.
	       The default is ``true''.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SunFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys instead of standard  escape  se-
	       quences.

       sunKeyboard (class SunKeyboard)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun/PC keyboard layout should	be as-
	       sumed rather than DEC VT220.  This causes the keypad `+'	to  be
	       mapped  to  `,'.	  and CTRL F1-F12 to F11-F20, depending	on the
	       setting of the ctrlFKeys	resource.  so  xterm  emulates	a  DEC
	       VT220  more  accurately.	  Otherwise (the default, with sunKey-
	       board set to ``false''),	xterm uses PC-style bindings  for  the
	       function	keys and keypad.

	       PC-style	 bindings use the Shift, Alt, Control and Meta keys as
	       modifiers for function-keys and keypad (see the document	 Xterm
	       Control	Sequences  for	details).   The	 PC-style bindings are
	       analogous to PCTerm, but	not the	same  thing.   Normally	 these
	       bindings	 do  not  conflict with	the use	of the Meta key	as de-
	       scribed for the eightBitInput resource.	If they	do, note  that
	       the PC-style bindings are evaluated first.

       termName	(class TermName)
	       Specifies the terminal type name	to be set in the TERM environ-
	       ment variable.

       title (class Title)
	       Specifies a string that may be used by the window manager  when
	       displaying this application.

       ttyModes	(class TtyModes)
	       Specifies a string containing terminal setting keywords and the
	       characters to which they	may be bound.  Allowable keywords  in-
	       clude:  brk, dsusp, eof,	eol, eol2, erase, erase2, flush, intr,
	       kill, lnext, quit, rprnt, start,	status,	stop, susp, swtch  and
	       weras.	Control	characters may be specified as ^char (e.g., ^c
	       or ^u) and ^? may be used to indicate delete (127).  Use	^-  to
	       denote  undef.  Use \034	to represent ^\, since a literal back-
	       slash in	an X resource escapes the next character.

	       This is very useful for overriding the  default	terminal  set-
	       tings  without  having  to  do  an  stty	every time an xterm is
	       started.	 Note, however,	that the stty program on a given  host
	       may use different keywords; xterm's table is built-in.

       useInsertMode (class UseInsertMode)
	       Force  use  of insert mode by adding appropriate	entries	to the
	       TERMCAP environment variable.  This is  useful  if  the	system
	       termcap is broken.  The default is ``false.''

       utmpInhibit (class UtmpInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether or not xterm should try to record the	user's
	       terminal	in the system utmp log file.

       waitForMap (class WaitForMap)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should wait for the initial win-
	       dow  map	 before	 starting  the	subprocess.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       zIconBeep (class	ZIconBeep)
	       Same as -ziconbeep command line argument.  If the value of this
	       resource	 is  non-zero, xterms that produce output while	iconi-
	       fied will cause an XBell	sound at the  given  volume  and  have
	       "***"  prepended	 to  their  icon titles.  Most window managers
	       will detect this	change immediately, showing you	 which	window
	       has the output.	(A similar feature was in x10 xterm.)  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       The following resources are specified  as  part	of  the	 vt100	widget
       (class	 VT100):   These   are	 specified   by	  patterns   such   as
       "XTerm.vt100.NAME":

       activeIcon (class ActiveIcon)
	       Specifies whether or not	active icon windows  are  to  be  used
	       when the	xterm window is	iconified, if this feature is compiled
	       into xterm.  The	active icon is a miniature  representation  of
	       the  content  of	 the  window  and  will	 update	as the content
	       changes.	 Not all window	managers necessarily support  applica-
	       tion  icon windows.  Some window	managers will allow you	to en-
	       ter keystrokes into the active icon  window.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       allowC1Printable	(class AllowC1Printable)
	       If  true,  overrides the	mapping	of C1 controls (codes 128-159)
	       to make them be treated as if they were	printable  characters.
	       Although	this corresponds to no particular standard, some users
	       insist it is a VT100.  The default is ``false.''

       allowSendEvents (class AllowSendEvents)
	       Specifies whether or not	synthetic key and button events	 (gen-
	       erated using the	X protocol SendEvent request) should be	inter-
	       preted or discarded.  The default is ``false'' meaning they are
	       discarded.  Note	that allowing such events creates a very large
	       security	hole.  The default is ``false.''

       allowWindowOps (class AllowWindowOps)
	       Specifies whether extended window control sequences (as used in
	       dtterm) for should be allowed.  The default is ``true.''

       alwaysHighlight (class AlwaysHighlight)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not xterm should	always display a high-
	       lighted text cursor.  By	default	(if this resource is false), a
	       hollow  text cursor is displayed	whenever the pointer moves out
	       of the window or	the window loses the input focus.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       alwaysUseMods (class AlwaysUseMods)
	       Override	the numLock resource, telling xterm to use the Alt and
	       Meta modifiers to construct parameters  for  function  key  se-
	       quences	even if	those modifiers	appear in the translations re-
	       source.	The default is ``false.''

       answerbackString	(class AnswerbackString)
	       Specifies the string that xterm sends in	 response  to  an  ENQ
	       (control/E)  character  from  the host.	The default is a blank
	       string, i.e., ``''.  A hardware VT100 implements	 this  feature
	       as a setup option.

       appcursorDefault	(class AppcursorDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	cursor keys are	initially in application mode.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 private DECCKM mode, The  default
	       is ``false.''

       appkeypadDefault	(class AppkeypadDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	keypad keys are	initially in application mode.
	       The default is ``false.''

       autoWrap	(class AutoWrap)
	       Specifies whether or not	 auto-wraparound  should  be  enabled.
	       This is the same	as the VT102 DECAWM.  The default is ``true.''

       awaitInput (class AwaitInput)
	       Specifies  whether or not the xterm uses	a 50 millisecond time-
	       out to await input (i.e., to support the	 Xaw3d	arrow  scroll-
	       bar).  The default is ``false.''

       backarrowKey (class BackarrowKey)
	       Specifies  whether  the backarrow key transmits a backspace (8)
	       or delete (127) character.  This	corresponds to the DECBKM con-
	       trol  sequence.	The default (backspace)	is ``true.''  Pressing
	       the control key toggles this behavior.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background  of  the  window.
	       The default is ``white.''

       bellSuppressTime	(class BellSuppressTime)
	       Number  of  milliseconds	 after	a  bell	command	is sent	during
	       which additional	bells will be suppressed.  Default is 200.  If
	       set  non-zero,  additional  bells will also be suppressed until
	       the server reports that processing of the first bell  has  been
	       completed; this feature is most useful with the visible bell.

       boldColors (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  to  combine bold attribute with colors like
	       the IBM PC, i.e., map colors 0 through 7	to  colors  8  through
	       15.   These  normally  are the brighter versions	of the first 8
	       colors, hence bold.  The	default	is ``true.''

       boldFont	(class BoldFont)
	       Specifies the name of the bold font to  use  instead  of	 over-
	       striking.  There	is no default for this resource.

       boldMode	(class BoldMode)
	       This  specifies	whether	 or  not  text with the	bold attribute
	       should be overstruck to simulate	bold  fonts  if	 the  resolved
	       bold  font is the same as the normal font.  It may be desirable
	       to disable bold fonts when color	is being used for the bold at-
	       tribute.	  Note	that xterm has one bold	font which you may set
	       explicitly.  It attempts	to match a bold	 font  for  the	 other
	       font  selections	(font1 through font6).	If the normal and bold
	       fonts are distinct, this	resource has no	effect.	  The  default
	       is ``true.''

	       Although	xterm attempts to match	a bold font for	other font se-
	       lections, the font server may not cooperate.  Since X11R6, bit-
	       map  fonts have been scaled.  The font server claims to provide
	       the bold	font that xterm	requests, but the result is not	always
	       readable.  XFree86 provides a feature which can be used to sup-
	       press the scaling.  In the X server's configuration file	(e.g.,
	       "/etc/X11/XFree86"),  you can add ":unscaled" to	the end	of the
	       directory specification for the "misc"  fonts,  which  comprise
	       the fixed-pitch fonts that are used by xterm.  For example
		    FontPath  "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/"

	       would become
		    FontPath  "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc/:unscaled"

	       Depending  on  your configuration, the font server may have its
	       own configuration file.	The same ":unscaled" can be  added  to
	       its  configuration  file	at the end of the directory specifica-
	       tion for	"misc".

       brokenLinuxOSC (class BrokenLinuxOSC)
	       If true,	xterm applies a	workaround to ignore malformed control
	       sequences  that a Linux script might send.  Compare the palette
	       control sequences documented  in	 console_codes	with  ECMA-48.
	       The default is ``true.''

       brokenSelections	(class BrokenSelections)
	       If  true,  xterm	in 8-bit mode will interpret STRING selections
	       as carrying text	in the current	locale's  encoding.   Normally
	       STRING  selections carry	ISO-8859-1 encoded text.  Setting this
	       resource	to ``true'' violates the ICCCM;	it  may,  however,  be
	       useful for interacting with some	broken X clients.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       brokenStringTerm	(class BrokenStringTerm)
	       provides	a work-around for some ISDN routers which start	an ap-
	       plication  control  string  without completing it.  Set this to
	       ``true''	if xterm appears to freeze when	connecting.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       c132 (class C132)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence,
	       used to switch between 80 and 132 columns, should  be  honored.
	       The default is ``false.''

       cacheDoublesize (class CacheDoublesize)
	       Specifies  the  maximum	number of double-sized fonts which are
	       cached by xterm.	 The default (8) may be	too large for  some  X
	       terminals  with	limited	 memory.   Set this to zero to disable
	       doublesize fonts	altogether.

       charClass (class	CharClass)
	       Specifies comma-separated lists of character class bindings  of
	       the form	[low-]high:value.  These are used in determining which
	       sets of characters should be treated the	same  when  doing  cut
	       and paste.  See the CHARACTER CLASSES section.

       cjkWidth	(class CjkWidth)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should  follow  the traditional East
	       Asian width convention.	When turned on,	characters  with  East
	       Asian  Ambiguous	 (A) category in UTR 11	have a column width of
	       2.  You may have	to set this option to  ``true''	 if  you  have
	       some  old  East	Asian terminal based programs that assume that
	       line-drawing characters have a column width of 2.  The  default
	       is ``false.''

       color0 (class Color0)

       color1 (class Color1)

       color2 (class Color2)

       color3 (class Color3)

       color4 (class Color4)

       color5 (class Color5)

       color6 (class Color6)

       color7 (class Color7)
	       These  specify  the colors for the ISO 6429 extension.  The de-
	       faults are, respectively, black,	red3, green3, yellow3, a  cus-
	       tomizable  dark blue, magenta3, cyan3, and gray90.  The default
	       shades of color are chosen to allow the colors 8-15 to be  used
	       as brighter versions.

       color8 (class Color8)

       color9 (class Color9)

       color10 (class Color10)

       color11 (class Color11)

       color12 (class Color12)

       color13 (class Color13)

       color14 (class Color14)

       color15 (class Color15)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO 6429 extension if the bold
	       attribute is also enabled.  The default resource	values are re-
	       spectively,  gray30,  red,  green, yellow, a customizable light
	       blue, magenta, cyan, and	white.

       color16 (class Color16)

       through

       color255	(class Color255)
	       These specify the colors	for the	256-color extension.  The  de-
	       fault  resource	values are for colors 16 through 231 to	make a
	       6x6x6 color  cube,  and	colors	232  through  255  to  make  a
	       grayscale ramp.

       colorAttrMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether  ``colorBD'',	 ``colorBL'', ``colorUL'', and
	       ``colorRV'' should override ANSI	colors.	  If  not,  these  are
	       displayed only when no ANSI colors have been set	for the	corre-
	       sponding	position.  The default is ``false.''

       colorBD (class ColorBD)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display bold	characters  if
	       the  ``colorBDMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBDMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the bold attribute should  be
	       displayed  in  color  or	as bold	characters.  Note that setting
	       colorMode off disables all colors, including bold.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       colorBL (class ColorBL)
	       This  specifies the color to use	to display blink characters if
	       the  ``colorBLMode''  resource  is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorBLMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the blink attribute should be
	       displayed in color.  Note that setting colorMode	 off  disables
	       all colors, including this.  The	default	is ``false.''

       colorMode (class	ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  or not recognition of ANSI (ISO 6429) color
	       change escape sequences should  be  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       colorRV (class ColorRV)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display reverse characters
	       if the ``colorRVMode'' resource is  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorRVMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether characters with the reverse attribute	should
	       be displayed in color.  Note that setting  colorMode  off  dis-
	       ables all colors, including this.  The default is ``false.''

       colorUL (class ColorUL)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display underlined charac-
	       ters if the ``colorULMode'' resource is enabled.	  The  default
	       is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       colorULMode (class ColorAttrMode)
	       Specifies  whether  characters  with  the  underline  attribute
	       should be displayed in color or as underlined characters.  Note
	       that  setting  colorMode	off disables all colors, including un-
	       derlining.  The default is ``false.''

       ctrlFKeys (class	CtrlFKeys)
	       In VT220	keyboard mode (see  sunKeyboard	 resource),  specifies
	       the  amount  by	which to shift F1-F12 given a control modifier
	       (CTRL).	This allows you	to generate key	symbols	for F10-F20 on
	       a  Sun/PC  keyboard.   The  default is ``10'', which means that
	       CTRL F1 generates the key symbol	for F11.

       curses (class Curses)
	       Specifies whether or not	the last column	bug in more(1)	should
	       be worked around.  See the -cu option for details.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       cursorBlink (class CursorBlink)
	       Specifies whether to make the cursor  blink.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       cursorColor (class CursorColor)
	       Specifies the color to use for the text cursor.	The default is
	       ``black.''

       cursorOffTime (class CursorOffTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "off" part	of  the	 cursor	 blink
	       cycle-time  in  milliseconds.   The same	timer is used for text
	       blinking.  The default is 300.

       cursorOnTime (class CursorOnTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "on" part of the cursor blink cy-
	       cle-time,  in  milliseconds.   The  same	timer is used for text
	       blinking.  The default is 600.

       cutNewline (class CutNewline)
	       If ``false'', triple clicking to	select a line does not include
	       the  Newline  at	the end	of the line.  If ``true'', the Newline
	       is selected.  The default is ``true.''

       cutToBeginningOfLine (class CutToBeginningOfLine)
	       If ``false'', triple clicking to	select	a  line	 selects  only
	       from the	current	word forward.  If ``true'', the	entire line is
	       selected.  The default is ``true.''

       decTerminalID (class DecTerminalID)
	       Specifies the emulation	level  (100=VT100,  220=VT220,	etc.),
	       used  to	 determine  the	 type  of response to a	DA control se-
	       quence.	The default is 100.

       deleteIsDEL (class DeleteIsDEL)
	       Specifies whether the Delete key	on the editing	keypad	should
	       send  DEL (127) or the VT220-style Remove escape	sequence.  The
	       default is ``false,'' for the latter.

       dynamicColors (class DynamicColors)
	       Specifies whether or not	escape sequences to change colors  as-
	       signed to different attributes are recognized.

       eightBitControl (class EightBitControl)
	       Specifies whether or not	control	sequences sent by the terminal
	       should be eight-bit characters or escape	 sequences.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       eightBitInput (class EightBitInput)
	       If  ``true'',  Meta  characters	(a character combined with the
	       keys modifier key) input	from the keyboard are presented	 as  a
	       single  character  with the eighth bit turned on.  The terminal
	       is put into 8-bit mode.	If ``false'', Meta characters are con-
	       verted  into a two-character sequence with the character	itself
	       preceded	by ESC.	 The terminal is put  into  7-bit  mode.   The
	       metaSendsEscape	resource  may  override	 this.	The default is
	       ``true.''

	       Note that the Alt key is	not necessarily	the same as  the  Meta
	       modifier.   xmodmap  lists your key modifiers.  X defines modi-
	       fiers for shift,	(caps) lock and	control, as well  as  5	 addi-
	       tional modifiers	which are generally used to configure key mod-
	       ifiers.	xterm inspects the same	information to find the	 modi-
	       fier  associated	with either Meta key (left or right), and uses
	       that key	as the Meta modifier.  It also looks for  the  NumLock
	       key, to recognize the modifier which is associated with that.

	       If  your	 xmodmap configuration uses the	same keycodes for Alt-
	       and Meta-keys, xterm will only  see  the	 Alt-key  definitions,
	       since  those  are  tested  before Meta-keys.  NumLock is	tested
	       first.  It is important to keep these keys distinct;  otherwise
	       some of xterm's functionality is	not available.

       eightBitOutput (class EightBitOutput)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  eight-bit characters sent from the
	       host should be accepted as is or	stripped  when	printed.   The
	       default is ``true,'' which means	that they are accepted as is.

       faceName	(class FaceName)
	       Specify	the  pattern  for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that  library  was	compiled  into	xterm.
	       There is	no default.  If	not specified, or if there is no match
	       for both	normal and bold	fonts, xterm uses the font and related
	       resources.

       faceNameDoublesize (class FaceNameDoublesize)
	       Specify an double-width font for	cases where an application re-
	       quires this, e.g., in CJK applications.	There is  no  default.
	       If  the	application  uses  double-wide characters and this re-
	       source is not given, xterm  will	use a scaled  version  of  the
	       font given by faceName.

       faceSize	(class FaceSize)
	       Specify	the pointsize for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that library was compiled into xterm.  The
	       default is ``14.''

       font (class Font)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the  normal  font.   The  default  is
	       ``fixed.''

	       See the discussion of the locale	resource, which	describes  how
	       this font may be	overridden.

	       NOTE: some resource files use patterns such as
	       *font: fixed

	       which are overly	broad, affecting both
	       xterm.vt100.font

	       and
	       xterm.vt100..utf8fonts.font

	       which is	probably not what you intended.

       font1 (class Font1)
	       Specifies the name of the first alternative font.

       font2 (class Font2)
	       Specifies the name of the second	alternative font.

       font3 (class Font3)
	       Specifies the name of the third alternative font.

       font4 (class Font4)
	       Specifies the name of the fourth	alternative font.

       font5 (class Font5)
	       Specifies the name of the fifth alternative font.

       font6 (class Font6)
	       Specifies the name of the sixth alternative font.

       fontDoublesize (class FontDoublesize)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm should	attempt	to use font scaling to
	       draw doublesize characters.  Some older font servers cannot  do
	       this  properly,	will  return misleading	font metrics.  The de-
	       fault is	``true''.  If disabled,	xterm will simulate doublesize
	       characters  by  drawing	normal	characters with	spaces between
	       them.

       forceBoxChars (class ForceBoxChars)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the normal	and bold fonts
	       have  VT100  line-drawing characters.  If ``false'', xterm will
	       check for missing characters in the 1-31	cells and  make	 line-
	       drawing characters directly.  The default is ``false.''

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies  the  color to	use for	displaying text	in the window.
	       Setting the class name instead of the instance name is an  easy
	       way  to	have everything	that would normally appear in the text
	       color change color.  The	default	is ``black.''

       freeBoldBox (class freeBoldBox)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the  bounding  boxes  for
	       normal and bold fonts are compatible.  If ``false'', xterm com-
	       pares them and will reject choices of bold fonts	 that  do  not
	       match  the  size	of the normal font.  The default is ``false'',
	       which means that	the comparison is performed.

       geometry	(class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	VT102  window.
	       There is	no default for this resource.

       highlightColor (class HighlightColor)
	       Specifies  the  color  to use for the background	of selected or
	       otherwise highlighted text.  If not specified, reverse video is
	       used.  The default is ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       highlightSelection (class HighlightSelection)
	       If ``false'', selecting with the	mouse highlights all positions
	       on the screen between the beginning of the  selection  and  the
	       current position.  If ``true'', xterm highlights	only the posi-
	       tions that contain text that can	be selected.  The  default  is
	       ``false.''

	       Depending  on  the  way	your applications write	to the screen,
	       there may be trailing blanks on a line.	Xterm stores  data  as
	       it is shown on the screen.  Erasing the display changes the in-
	       ternal state of each cell so it is not considered a  blank  for
	       the  purpose of selection.  Blanks written since	the last erase
	       are selectable.	If you do not wish to have trailing blanks  in
	       a selection, use	the trimSelection resource.

       hpLowerleftBugCompat (class HpLowerleftBugCompat)
	       Specifies  whether  to work around a bug	in HP's	xdb, which ig-
	       nores termcap and always	sends ESC F to move to the lower  left
	       corner.	 ``true'' causes xterm to interpret ESC	F as a request
	       to move to the lower left corner	of the screen.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       i18nSelections (class I18nSelections)
	       If false, xterm will never request the targets COMPOUND_TEXT or
	       TEXT.  The default is ``true.'' It may be set to	false in order
	       to work around ICCCM violations by other	X clients.

       iconBorderColor (class BorderColor)
	       Specifies  the  border color for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	Not all	window	managers  will
	       make the	icon border visible.

       iconBorderWidth (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies  the  border width for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	The default is 0 (no  border).
	       Not all window managers will make the border visible.

       iconFont	(class IconFont)
	       Specifies  the  font  for  the miniature	active icon window, if
	       this feature is compiled	into xterm.  The default is "nil2".

       internalBorder (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies the number of pixels between the characters  and  the
	       window border.  The default is 2.

       jumpScroll (class JumpScroll)
	       Specifies whether or not	jump scroll should be used.  This cor-
	       responds	to the VT102 DECSCLM private  mode.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       keyboardDialect (class KeyboardDialect)
	       Specifies  the initial keyboard dialect,	as well	as the default
	       value when the terminal is reset.  The value given is the  same
	       as  the	final  character in the	control	sequences which	change
	       character sets.	The default is ``B'', which corresponds	to  US
	       ASCII.

       nameKeymap (class NameKeymap)
	       See the discussion of the keymap() action.

       limitResize (class LimitResize)
	       Limits  resizing	 of the	screen via control sequence to a given
	       multiple	of the display dimensions.  The	default	is ``1''.

       locale (class Locale)
	       Specifies how to	use luit, an encoding converter	between	 UTF-8
	       and  locale  encodings.	The resource value (ignoring case) may
	       be:

	       true
		   xterm  will	use  the  encoding  specified  by  the	users'
		   LC_CTYPE locale (i.e., LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, or LANG variables)
		   as far as possible.	This is	realized  by  always  enabling
		   UTF-8 mode and invoking luit	in non-UTF-8 locales.

	       medium
		   xterm  will	follow	users' LC_CTYPE	locale only for	UTF-8,
		   east	Asian, and Thai	locales, where the encodings were  not
		   supported  by  conventional	8bit mode with changing	fonts.
		   For other locales, xterm will use conventional 8bit mode.

	       no  xterm will use conventional 8bit mode or UTF-8 mode accord-
		   ing to utf8 resource	or -u8 option.

	       Any  other  value, e.g.,	``UTF-8'' or ``ISO8859-2'', is assumed
	       to be an	encoding name; luit will be invoked to support the en-
	       coding.	 The  actual  list  of	supported encodings depends on
	       luit.  The default is ``medium''.

	       Regardless of your locale and encoding, you need	an ISO-10646-1
	       font to display the result.  Your configuration may not include
	       this font, or locale-support by xterm may not  be  needed.   At
	       startup,	 xterm	uses  a	 mechanism  equivalent to the load-vt-
	       fonts(utf8Fonts,	Utf8Fonts) action to  load  font  name	subre-
	       sources	of  the	VT100 widget.  That is,	resource patterns such
	       as "*vt100.utf8Fonts.font" will be loaded,  and	(if  this  re-
	       source  is  enabled),  override the normal fonts.  If no	subre-
	       sources are found, the  normal  fonts  such  as	"*vt100.font",
	       etc.,  are used.	 The resource files distributed	with xterm use
	       ISO-10646-1 fonts, but do not rely on them unless you are using
	       the locale mechanism.

       localeFilter (class LocaleFilter)
	       Specifies  the file name	for the	encoding converter from/to lo-
	       cale encodings and UTF-8	which is used with the -lc  option  or
	       locale  resource.   The	help  message shown by ``xterm -help''
	       lists the default value,	which depends on your system  configu-
	       ration.

       loginShell (class LoginShell)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	 shell to be run in the	window
	       should be started as a login shell.  The	default	is ``false.''

       marginBell (class MarginBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	the bell should	be rung	when the  user
	       types near the right margin.  The default is ``false.''

       metaSendsEscape (class MetaSendsEscape)
	       If  ``true'',  Meta  characters	(a character combined with the
	       Meta modifier key) are converted	into a two-character  sequence
	       with  the  character  itself  preceded by ESC.  This applies as
	       well to function	key control sequences, unless xterm sees  that
	       Meta  is	 used  in  your	 key translations.  If ``false'', Meta
	       characters input	from the keyboard are handled according	to the
	       eightBitInput resource.	The default is ``false.''

       modifyCursorKeys	(class ModifyCursorKeys)
	       Tells  how  to  handle the special case where Control-, Shift-,
	       Alt- or Meta-modifiers are used to add a	parameter to  the  es-
	       cape sequence returned by a cursor-key.	Set it to 0 to use the
	       old/obsolete behavior.  Set it to  1  to	 prefix	 modified  se-
	       quences	with CSI.  Set it to 2 to force	the modifier to	be the
	       second parameter.  Set it to 3 to mark the sequence with	a  '>'
	       to hint that it is private.  The	default	is ``2''.

       multiClickTime (class MultiClickTime)
	       Specifies  the maximum time in milliseconds between multi-click
	       select events.  The default is 250 milliseconds.

       multiScroll (class MultiScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  scrolling  should  be  done	 asyn-
	       chronously.  The	default	is ``false.''

       nMarginBell (class Column)
	       Specifies  the  number  of  characters from the right margin at
	       which the margin	bell should be rung, when enabled.

       numLock (class NumLock)
	       If ``true'', xterm checks if NumLock is used as a modifier (see
	       xmodmap(1)).   If  so,  this  modifier  is used to simplify the
	       logic when implementing special NumLock for the sunKeyboard re-
	       source.	 Also  (when  sunKeyboard  is false), similar logic is
	       used to find the	modifier associated with the  left  and	 right
	       Alt keys.  The default is ``true.''

       oldXtermFKeys (class OldXtermFKeys)
	       If  ``true'',  xterm  will  use old-style control sequences for
	       function	keys F1	to F4, for  compatibility  with	 X  Consortium
	       xterm.	Otherwise,  it	uses  the VT100-style codes for	PF1 to
	       PF4.  The default is ``false.''

       pointerColor (class PointerColor)
	       Specifies the foreground	color of the pointer.  The default  is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       pointerColorBackground (class PointerColorBackground)
	       Specifies  the background color of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       pointerShape (class Cursor)
	       Specifies the name of the shape of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``xterm.''

       popOnBell (class	PopOnBell)
	       Specifies whether the window whould be raised when Control-G is
	       received.  The default is ``false.''

       printAttributes (class PrintAttributes)
	       Specifies whether to print graphic attributes  along  with  the
	       text.   A  real	DEC  VTxxx  terminal will print	the underline,
	       highlighting codes but your printer may not  handle  these.   A
	       ``0''  disables	the attributes.	 A ``1'' prints	the normal set
	       of  attributes  (bold,  underline,  inverse   and   blink)   as
	       VT100-style  control  sequences.	 A ``2'' prints	ANSI color at-
	       tributes	as well.  The default is ``1.''

       printerAutoClose	(class PrinterAutoClose)
	       If ``true'', xterm will close the printer (a pipe) when the ap-
	       plication  switches  the	printer	offline	with a Media Copy com-
	       mand.  The default is ``false.''

       printerCommand (class PrinterCommand)
	       Specifies a shell command to which xterm	will open a pipe  when
	       the first MC (Media Copy) command is initiated.	The default is
	       ``lpr.''	 If the	resource value is given	as a blank string, the
	       printer is disabled.

       printerControlMode (class PrinterControlMode)
	       Specifies  the printer control mode.  A ``1'' selects autoprint
	       mode, which causes xterm	to print a line	from the  screen  when
	       you  move  the cursor off that line with	a line feed, form feed
	       or vertical tab character, or an	 autowrap  occurs.   Autoprint
	       mode  is	overridden by printer controller mode (a ``2''), which
	       causes all of the output	to be directed to  the	printer.   The
	       default is ``0.''

       printerExtent (class PrinterExtent)
	       Controls	 whether  a  print page	function will print the	entire
	       page (true), or only the	the portion within the scrolling  mar-
	       gins (false).  The default is ``false.''

       printerFormFeed (class PrinterFormFeed)
	       Controls	 whether a form	feed is	sent to	the printer at the end
	       of a print page function.  The default is ``false.''

       renderFont (class RenderFont)
	       If xterm	is built with the Xft library, this  controls  whether
	       the faceName resource is	used.  The default is ``true.''

       resizeGravity (class ResizeGravity)
	       Affects the behavior when the window is resized to be taller or
	       shorter.	 NorthWest specifies that the top line of text on  the
	       screen  stay  fixed.   If the window is made shorter, lines are
	       dropped from the	bottom;	if the window is  made	taller,	 blank
	       lines are added at the bottom.  This is compatible with the be-
	       havior in R4.  SouthWest	(the default) specifies	that the  bot-
	       tom  line  of  text on the screen stay fixed.  If the window is
	       made taller, additional saved lines will	be scrolled down  onto
	       the  screen;  if	 the  window  is  made	shorter, lines will be
	       scrolled	off the	top of the screen, and	the  top  saved	 lines
	       will be dropped.

       reverseVideo (class ReverseVideo)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  reverse video should be simulated.
	       The default is ``false.''

       reverseWrap (class ReverseWrap)
	       Specifies whether or not	reverse-wraparound should be  enabled.
	       This  corresponds  to  xterm's private mode 45.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       rightScrollBar (class RightScrollBar)
	       Specifies whether or not	the scrollbar should be	 displayed  on
	       the right rather	than the left.	The default is ``false.''

       saveLines (class	SaveLines)
	       Specifies  the  number  of  lines to save beyond	the top	of the
	       screen when a scrollbar is turned on.  The default is 64.

       scrollBar (class	ScrollBar)
	       Specifies whether or not	the  scrollbar	should	be  displayed.
	       The default is ``false.''

       scrollKey (class	ScrollCond)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not pressing a key should automatically
	       cause the scrollbar to go to the	bottom of  the	scrolling  re-
	       gion.   This corresponds	to xterm's private mode	1011.  The de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       scrollLines (class ScrollLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines that the scroll-back and  scroll-
	       forw actions should use as a default.  The default value	is 1.

       scrollTtyOutput (class ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	output to the terminal should automat-
	       ically cause the	scrollbar to go	to the bottom of the scrolling
	       region.	The default is ``true.''

       shiftFonts (class ShiftFonts)
	       Specifies  whether  to  enable the actions larger-vt-font() and
	       smaller-vt-font(), which	are  normally  bound  to  the  shifted
	       KP_Add and KP_Subtract.	The default is ``true.''

       showBlinkAsBold (class ShowBlinkAsBold)
	       Tells  xterm  whether  to display text with blink-attribute the
	       same as bold.  If xterm has  not	 been  configured  to  support
	       blinking	 text,	the default is ``true.'', which	corresponds to
	       older versions of xterm,	otherwise the default is ``false.''

       showMissingGlyphs (class	ShowMissingGlyphs)
	       Tells xterm whether to display a	box outlining places  where  a
	       character  has been used	that the font does not represent.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       signalInhibit (class SignalInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the entries in	the  ``Main  Options''
	       menu  for  sending  signals to xterm should be disallowed.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekGeometry (class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	Tektronix win-
	       dow.  There is no default for this resource.

       tekInhibit (class TekInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the escape sequence to enter Tektronix
	       mode should be ignored.	The default is ``false.''

       tekSmall	(class TekSmall)
	       Specifies whether or not	the Tektronix mode window should start
	       in its smallest size if no explicit geometry is given.  This is
	       useful when running xterm on displays with small	screens.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekStartup (class TekStartup)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  xterm should start up in Tektronix
	       mode.  The default is ``false.''

       tiXtraScroll (class TiXtraScroll)
	       Specifies whether xterm should scroll to	a new page  when  pro-
	       cessing	the ti termcap entry, i.e., the	private	modes 47, 1047
	       or 1049.	 This is only in effect	if  titeInhibit	 is  ``true'',
	       because	the  intent  of	this option is to provide a picture of
	       the full-screen application's display on	the scrollback without
	       wiping  out the text that would be shown	before the application
	       was initialized.	 The default for this resource is ``false.''

       titeInhibit (class TiteInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should remove ti and te  termcap
	       entries (used to	switch between alternate screens on startup of
	       many screen-oriented programs) from  the	 TERMCAP  string.   If
	       set,  xterm  also  ignores the escape sequence to switch	to the
	       alternate screen.  Xterm	supports terminfo in a different  way,
	       supporting  composite  control sequences	(also known as private
	       modes) 1047, 1048 and 1049 which	have the same  effect  as  the
	       original	47 control sequence.  The default for this resource is
	       ``false.''

       translations (class Translations)
	       Specifies the key and button bindings  for  menus,  selections,
	       ``programmed strings,'' etc.  See the ACTIONS section.

       trimSelection (class TrimSelection)
	       If  you	set  highlightSelection, you can see the text which is
	       selected, including any trailing	spaces.	 Clearing  the	screen
	       (or  a  line)  resets it	to a state containing no spaces.  Some
	       lines may contain trailing spaces when  an  application	writes
	       them  to	 the screen.  However, you may not wish	to paste lines
	       with trailing spaces.  If this resource	is  true,  xterm  will
	       trim  trailing spaces from text which is	selected.  It does not
	       affect spaces which result in a wrapped line, nor will it  trim
	       the  trailing  newline  from  your  selection.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       underLine (class	UnderLine)
	       This specifies whether or not text with the underline attribute
	       should be underlined.  It may be	desirable to disable underlin-
	       ing when	color is being used for	the underline attribute.   The
	       default is ``true.''

       utf8 (class Utf8)
	       This  specifies	whether	 xterm will run	in UTF-8 mode.	If you
	       set this	resource, xterm	also sets the wideChars	resource as  a
	       side-effect.   The  resource  is	 an integer, expected to range
	       from 0 to 3:

	       0      UTF-8 mode is initially off.  Escape sequences for turn-
		      ing UTF-8	mode on/off are	allowed.

	       1      UTF-8  mode is initially on.  Escape sequences for turn-
		      ing UTF-8	mode on/off are	allowed.

	       2      The command-line option -u8 sets the  resource  to  this
		      value.   Escape  sequences for turning UTF-8 mode	on/off
		      are ignored.

	       3      This is the  default  value  of  the  resource.	It  is
		      changed  during  initialization depending	on whether the
		      locale resource was set, to 0 or 2.  See the locale  re-
		      source for additional discussion of non-UTF-8 locales.

	       If  you	want  to  set  the value of utf8, it should be in this
	       range.  Other nonzero values are	 treated  the  same  a	``1'',
	       i.e.,  UTF-8  mode  is  initially  on, and escape sequences for
	       turning UTF-8 mode on/off are allowed.

       utf8Fonts (class	Utf8Fonts)
	       See the discussion of the locale	resource.

       veryBoldColors (class VeryBoldColors)
	       Specifies whether to combine video attributes with colors spec-
	       ified  by  colorBD, colorBL and colorUL.	 The resource value is
	       the sum of values for each attribute: 2 for  underline,	4  for
	       bold and	8 for blink.  The default is ``0.''

       visualBell (class VisualBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	a visible bell (i.e., flashing)	should
	       be used instead of an audible bell when Control-G is  received.
	       The default is ``false.''

       visualBellDelay (class VisualBellDelay)
	       Number  of milliseconds to delay	when displaying	a visual bell.
	       Default is 100.	If set to zero,	no visual bell	is  displayed.
	       This  is	useful for very	slow displays, e.g., an	LCD display on
	       a laptop.

       vt100Graphics (class VT100Graphics)
	       This specifies whether xterm will interpret VT100 graphic char-
	       acter  escape  sequences	 while	in UTF-8 mode.	The default is
	       ``true'', to provide support for	various	legacy applications.

       wideBoldFont (class WideBoldFont)
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  bold
	       wide  text.  By default,	it will	attempt	to use a font twice as
	       wide as the font	that will be used to draw bold	text.	If  no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.

       wideChars (class	WideChars)
	       Specifies if xterm should respond  to  control  sequences  that
	       process 16-bit characters.  The default is ``false.''

       wideFont	(class WideFont)
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.

       ximFont (class XimFont)
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.

	       In "OverTheSpot"	 preedit  type,	 the  preedit  (preconversion)
	       string  is  displayed at	the position of	the cursor.  It	is the
	       XIM server's responsibility to display the preedit string.  The
	       XIM  client  must inform	the XIM	server of the cursor position.
	       For best	results, the preedit string must be displayed  with  a
	       proper  font.   Therefore,  xterm informs the XIM server	of the
	       proper font.  The font is be supplied by	a "fontset", whose de-
	       fault value is "*".  This matches every font, the X library au-
	       tomatically chooses fonts with proper  charsets.	  The  ximFont
	       resource	is provided to override	this default font setting.

       The  following  resources  are  specified as part of the	tek4014	widget
       (class  Tek4014).   These   are	 specified   by	  patterns   such   as
       "XTerm.tek4014.NAME":

       font2 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 2 to use in the Tektronix window.

       font3 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 3 to use in the Tektronix window.

       fontLarge (class	Font)
	       Specifies the large font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       fontSmall (class	Font)
	       Specifies the small font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       ginTerminator (class GinTerminator)
	       Specifies  what character(s) should follow a GIN	report or sta-
	       tus report.  The	possibilities are  ``none,''  which  sends  no
	       terminating   characters,   ``CRonly,''	which  sends  CR,  and
	       ``CR&EOT,'' which sends	both  CR  and  EOT.   The  default  is
	       ``none.''

       height (class Height)
	       Specifies the height of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       initialFont (class InitialFont)
	       Specifies  which	 of the	four Tektronix fonts to	use initially.
	       Values are the same as for the set-tek-text  action.   The  de-
	       fault is	``large.''

       width (class Width)
	       Specifies the width of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       The resources that may be specified for the various menus are described
       in the documentation for	the Athena SimpleMenu widget.	The  name  and
       classes	of  the	 entries  in  each of the menus	are listed below.  Re-
       sources named "lineN" where N is	a number  are  separators  with	 class
       SmeLine.

       The mainMenu has	the following entries:

       securekbd (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the secure() action.

       allowsends (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the allow-send-events(toggle)	action.

       redraw (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the redraw() action.

       logging (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the logging(toggle) action.

       print (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print() action.

       print-redir (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print-redir() action.

       8-bit-control (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-8-bit-control(toggle)	action.

       backarrow key (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-backarrow(toggle) action.

       num-lock	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-num-lock(toggle) action.

       meta-esc	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the meta-sends-escape(toggle)	action.

       delete-is-del (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the delete-is-del(toggle) action.

       oldFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the old-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       hpFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hp-function-keys(toggle) action.

       scoFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sco-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sun-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunKeyboard (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sunKeyboard(toggle) action.

       suspend (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(tstp)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       continue	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(cont)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       interrupt (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(int) action.

       hangup (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(hup) action.

       terminate (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(term)	action.

       kill (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(kill)	action.

       quit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the quit() action.

       The vtMenu has the following entries:

       scrollbar (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scrollbar(toggle) action.

       jumpscroll (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-jumpscroll(toggle) action.

       reversevideo (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reverse-video(toggle)	action.

       autowrap	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autowrap(toggle) action.

       reversewrap (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reversewrap(toggle) action.

       autolinefeed (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autolinefeed(toggle) action.

       appcursor (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appcursor(toggle) action.

       appkeypad (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appkeypad(toggle) action.

       scrollkey (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-key(toggle)	action.

       scrollttyoutput (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-tty-output(toggle) action.

       allow132	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-allow132(toggle) action.

       cursesemul (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursesemul(toggle) action.

       visualbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visualbell(toggle) action.

       poponbell (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-poponbell(toggle) action.

       marginbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-marginbell(toggle) action.

       cursorblink (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursorblink(toggle) action.

       titeInhibit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-titeInhibit(toggle) action.

       activeicon (class SmeBSB)
	       This  entry toggles active icons	on and off if this feature was
	       compiled	into xterm.  It	is enabled only	if xterm  was  started
	       with  the command line option +ai or the	activeIcon resource is
	       set to ``True.''

       softreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the soft-reset() action.

       hardreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hard-reset() action.

       clearsavedlines (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the clear-saved-lines() action.

       tekshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       tekmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(tek) action.

       vthide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,off) action.

       altscreen (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-altscreen(toggle) action.

       The fontMenu has	the following entries:

       fontdefault (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(d) action.

       font1 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(1) action.

       font2 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(2) action.

       font3 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(3) action.

       font4 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(4) action.

       font5 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(5) action.

       font6 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(6) action.

       fontescape (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(e) action.

       fontsel (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(s) action.

       font-linedrawing	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-linedrawing(s) action.

       font-doublesize (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-doublesize(s) action.

       render-font (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-render-font(s) action.

       utf8-mode (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-utf8-mode(s) action.

       The tekMenu has the following entries:

       tektextlarge (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(l) action.

       tektext2	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(2) action.

       tektext3	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(3) action.

       tektextsmall (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(s) action.

       tekpage (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-page() action.

       tekreset	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-reset() action.

       tekcopy (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-copy() action.

       vtshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,toggle)	action.

       vtmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(vt) action.

       tekhide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       The following resources	are  useful  when  specified  for  the	Athena
       Scrollbar widget:

       thickness (class	Thickness)
	       Specifies the width in pixels of	the scrollbar.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background of	the scrollbar.

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for the foreground of	the scrollbar.
	       The ``thumb'' of	the scrollbar is a simple checkerboard pattern
	       alternating pixels for foreground and background	color.

POINTER	USAGE
       Once  the  VT102	window is created, xterm allows	you to select text and
       copy it within the same or other	windows.

       The selection functions are invoked when	the pointer buttons  are  used
       with  no	modifiers, and when they are used with the ``shift'' key.  The
       assignment of the functions described below to keys and buttons may  be
       changed through the resource database; see ACTIONS below.

       Pointer	button	one  (usually  left) is	used to	save text into the cut
       buffer.	Move the cursor	to beginning of	the text, and  then  hold  the
       button  down  while  moving the cursor to the end of the	region and re-
       leasing the button.  The	selected text is highlighted and is  saved  in
       the global cut buffer and made the PRIMARY selection when the button is
       released.  Double-clicking selects by words.   Triple-clicking  selects
       by  lines.  Quadruple-clicking goes back	to characters, etc.  Multiple-
       click is	determined by the time from button up to button	down,  so  you
       can  change  the	 selection unit	in the middle of a selection.  Logical
       words and lines selected	by double- or triple-clicking may wrap	across
       more  than one screen line if lines were	wrapped	by xterm itself	rather
       than by the application running in the window.  If the key/button bind-
       ings  specify  that  an X selection is to be made, xterm	will leave the
       selected	text highlighted for as	long as	it is the selection owner.

       Pointer button two (usually middle) `types' (pastes) the	text from  the
       PRIMARY	selection, if any, otherwise from the cut buffer, inserting it
       as keyboard input.

       Pointer button three (usually right)  extends  the  current  selection.
       (Without	loss of	generality, you	can swap ``right'' and ``left''	every-
       where in	the rest of this paragraph.)  If pressed while closer  to  the
       right  edge  of	the  selection than the	left, it extends/contracts the
       right edge of the selection.  If	you contract the  selection  past  the
       left  edge  of  the  selection, xterm assumes you really	meant the left
       edge, restores the original selection, then extends/contracts the  left
       edge  of	 the  selection.   Extension starts in the selection unit mode
       that the	last selection or extension was	performed in; you  can	multi-
       ple-click to cycle through them.

       By  cutting  and	pasting	pieces of text without trailing	new lines, you
       can take	text from several places in different windows and form a  com-
       mand  to	 the shell, for	example, or take output	from a program and in-
       sert it into your favorite editor.  Since the cut  buffer  is  globally
       shared  among  different	applications, you should regard	it as a	`file'
       whose contents you know.	 The terminal emulator and other text programs
       should  be treating it as if it were a text file, i.e., the text	is de-
       limited by new lines.

       The scroll region displays the position and amount  of  text  currently
       showing	in the window (highlighted) relative to	the amount of text ac-
       tually saved.  As more text is saved (up	to the maximum), the  size  of
       the highlighted area decreases.

       Clicking	button one with	the pointer in the scroll region moves the ad-
       jacent line to the top of the display window.

       Clicking	button three moves the top line	of the display window down  to
       the pointer position.

       Clicking	 button	 two moves the display to a position in	the saved text
       that corresponds	to the pointer's position in the scrollbar.

       Unlike the VT102	window,	the Tektronix window does not allow the	 copy-
       ing  of	text.	It does	allow Tektronix	GIN mode, and in this mode the
       cursor will change from an arrow	to a cross.   Pressing	any  key  will
       send that key and the current coordinate	of the cross cursor.  Pressing
       button one, two,	or three will return the letters `l',  `m',  and  `r',
       respectively.   If  the `shift' key is pressed when a pointer button is
       pressed,	the corresponding upper	case letter is sent.  To distinguish a
       pointer	button	from  a	key, the high bit of the character is set (but
       this is bit is normally stripped	unless the terminal mode is  RAW;  see
       tty(4) for details).

MENUS
       Xterm  has  four	 menus,	named mainMenu,	vtMenu,	fontMenu, and tekMenu.
       Each menu pops up under the correct  combinations  of  key  and	button
       presses.	 Each menu is divided into sections, separated by a horizontal
       line.  Some menu	entries	correspond to modes that can  be  altered.   A
       check  mark appears next	to a mode that is currently active.  Selecting
       one of these modes toggles its state.  Other menu entries are commands;
       selecting one of	these performs the indicated function.

       All  of	the  menu entries correspond to	X actions.  In the list	below,
       the menu	label is shown followed	by the action's	name in	parenthesis.

       The xterm mainMenu pops up when the ``control'' key and pointer	button
       one  are	 pressed  in a window.	This menu contains items that apply to
       both the	VT102 and Tektronix windows.  There are	several	sections:

       Commands	for managing X events:

	      Secure Keyboard (securekbd)
		     The Secure	Keyboard mode is helpful when typing in	 pass-
		     words or other sensitive data in an unsecure environment;
		     see SECURITY below	(but read the limitations carefully).

	      Allow SendEvents (allowsends )
		     Specifies whether or not synthetic	key and	button	events
		     generated	using  the X protocol SendEvent	request	should
		     be	interpreted or discarded.  This	corresponds to the al-
		     lowSendEvents resource.

	      Redraw Window (redraw)
		     Forces  the X display to repaint; useful in some environ-
		     ments.

       Commands	for capturing output:

	      Log to File (logging)
		     Captures text sent	to the screen in a logfile, as in  the
		     -l	logging	option.

	      Print Window (print)
		     Sends the text of the current window to the program given
		     in	the printerCommand resource.

	      Redirect to Printer (print-redir)
		     This sets the printerControlMode to 0 or 2.  You can  use
		     this to turn the printer on as if an application had sent
		     the appropriate control sequence.	It is also useful  for
		     switching	the  printer off if an application turns it on
		     without resetting the print control mode.

       Modes for setting keyboard style:

	      8-Bit Controls (8-bit-control)
		     Enabled for VT220 emulation, this controls	whether	 xterm
		     will send 8-bit control sequences rather than using 7-bit
		     (ASCII) controls, e.g.,  sending  a  byte	in  the	 range
		     128-159  rather  than  the	escape character followed by a
		     second byte.  Xterm  always  interprets  both  8-bit  and
		     7-bit  control  sequences (see the	document Xterm Control
		     Sequences).  This corresponds to the eightBitControl  re-
		     source.

	      Backarrow	Key (BS/DEL) (backarrow	key)
		     Modifies  the  behavior  of  the backarrow	key, making it
		     transmit either a backspace (8) or	delete	(127)  charac-
		     ter.  This	corresponds to the backarrowKey	resource.

	      Alt/NumLock Modifiers (num-lock)
		     Controls the treatment of Alt- and	NumLock-key modifiers.
		     This corresponds to the numLock resource.

	      Meta Sends Escape	(meta-esc)
		     Controls whether Meta keys	are converted into a two-char-
		     acter sequence with the character itself preceded by ESC.
		     This corresponds to the metaSendsEscape resource.

	      Delete is	DEL (delete-is-del)
		     Controls whether the Delete key  on  the  editing	keypad
		     should  send  DEL	(127) or the VT220-style Remove	escape
		     sequence.	This corresponds to the	deleteIsDEL resource.

	      Old Function-Keys	(oldFunctionKeys)

	      HP Function-Keys (hpFunctionKeys)

	      SCO Function-Keys	(scoFunctionKeys)

	      Sun Function-Keys	(sunFunctionKeys)

	      VT220 Keyboard (sunKeyboard)
		     These act as a radio-button, selecting one	style for  the
		     keyboard  layout.	 It  corresponds  to more than one re-
		     source setting:  sunKeyboard,  sunFunctionKeys,  scoFunc-
		     tionKeys and hpFunctionKeys ."

       Commands	for process signalling:

	      Send STOP	Signal (suspend)

	      Send CONT	Signal (continue)

	      Send INT Signal (interrupt)

	      Send HUP Signal (hangup)

	      Send TERM	Signal (terminate)

	      Send KILL	Signal (kill)
		     These  send the SIGTSTP, SIGCONT, SIGINT, SIGHUP, SIGTERM
		     and SIGKILL signals respectively, to the process group of
		     the process running under xterm (usually the shell).  The
		     SIGCONT function is especially useful if the user has ac-
		     cidentally	typed CTRL-Z, suspending the process.

	      Quit (quit)
		     Stop  processing X	events except to support the -hold op-
		     tion, and then send a SIGHUP signal to  the  the  process
		     group  of	the  process  running under xterm (usually the
		     shell).

       The vtMenu sets various modes in	the VT102 emulation, and is popped  up
       when  the  ``control''  key  and	 pointer button	two are	pressed	in the
       VT102 window.

       VT102/VT220 Modes:

	      Enable Scrollbar (scrollbar)
		     Enable (or	disable) the scrollbar.	 This  corresponds  to
		     the -sb option and	the scrollBar resource.

	      Enable Jump Scroll (jumpscroll)
		     Enable  (or disable) jump scrolling.  This	corresponds to
		     the -j option and the jumpScroll resource.

	      Enable Reverse Video (reversevideo)
		     Enable (or	disable) reverse-video.	 This  corresponds  to
		     the -rv option and	the reverseVideo resource.

	      Enable Auto Wraparound (autowrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-wraparound.  This	corresponds to
		     the -aw option and	the autoWrap resource.

	      Enable Reverse Wraparound	(reversewrap)
		     Enable (or	disable) reverse wraparound.  This corresponds
		     to	the -rw	option and the reverseWrap resource.

	      Enable Auto Linefeed (autolinefeed)
		     Enable (or	disable) auto-linefeed.	 This is the VT102 NEL
		     function, which causes the	emulator to  emit  a  linefeed
		     after  each  carriage  return.  There is no corresponding
		     command-line option or resource setting.

	      Enable Application Cursor	Keys (appcursor)
		     Enable (or	disable) application cursor keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds  to	 the  appcursorDefault	resource.  There is no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Enable Application Keypad	(appkeypad)
		     Enable (or	disable) application keypad keys.  This	corre-
		     sponds  to	 the  appkeypadDefault	resource.  There is no
		     corresponding command-line	option.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Key Press (scrollkey)
		     Enable (or	 disable)  scrolling  to  the  bottom  of  the
		     scrolling	region on a keypress.  This corresponds	to the
		     -sk option	and the	scrollKey resource.

	      Scroll to	Bottom on Tty Output (scrollttyoutput)
		     Enable (or	 disable)  scrolling  to  the  bottom  of  the
		     scrolling region on output	to the terminal..  This	corre-
		     sponds to the -si	option	and  the  scrollTtyOutput  re-
		     source.

	      Allow 80/132 Column Switching (allow132)
		     Enable (or	disable) switching between 80 and 132 columns.
		     This corresponds to the -132  option  and	the  c132  re-
		     source.

	      Enable Curses Emulation (cursesemul)
		     Enable  (or  disable)  a  workaround  for	the  so-called
		     "curses bug".  This corresponds to	the -cu	option and the
		     curses resource.

	      Enable Visual Bell (visualbell)
		     Enable (or	disable) visible bell (i.e., flashing) instead
		     of	an audible bell.  This corresponds to the  -vb	option
		     and the visualBell	resource.

	      Enable Pop on Bell (poponbell)
		     Enable  (or disable) raising of the window	when Control-G
		     is	received.  This	corresponds to the -pop	option and the
		     popOnBell resource.

	      Enable Margin Bell (marginbell)
		     Enable  (or  disable) a bell when the user	types near the
		     right margin.  This corresponds to	the -mb	option and the
		     marginBell	resource.

	      Enable Blinking Cursor (cursorblink)
		     Enable  (or  disable)  the	blinking-cursor	feature.  This
		     corresponds to the	-bc option  and	 the  cursorBlink  re-
		     source.   There is	also an	escape sequence	(see the docu-
		     ment Xterm	Control	Sequences).  The menu  entry  and  the
		     escape  sequence  states  are XOR'd: if both are enabled,
		     the cursor	will not blink,	if only	one  is	 enabled,  the
		     cursor will blink.

	      Enable Alternate Screen Switching	(titeInhibit)
		     Enable  (or disable) switching between the	normal and al-
		     ternate screens.  This corresponds	to the titeInhibit re-
		     source.  There is no corresponding	command-line option.

	      Enable Active Icon (activeicon)
		     Enable (or	disable) the active-icon feature.  This	corre-
		     sponds to the -ai option and the activeIcon resource.

       VT102/VT220 Commands:

	      Do Soft Reset (softreset)
		     Reset scroll regions.  This can be	convenient  when  some
		     program  has left the scroll regions set incorrectly (of-
		     ten a problem when	using VMS or  TOPS-20).	  This	corre-
		     sponds to the VT220 DECSTR	control	sequence.

	      Do Full Reset (hardreset)
		     The full reset entry will clear the screen, reset tabs to
		     every eight columns, and reset the	terminal  modes	 (such
		     as	 wrap  and smooth scroll) to their initial states just
		     after xterm has finished processing the command line  op-
		     tions.   This  corresponds	 to  the VT102 RIS control se-
		     quence, with a few	 obvious  differences.	 For  example,
		     your  session  is	not disconnected as a real VT102 would
		     do.

	      Reset and	Clear Saved Lines (clearsavedlines)
		     Perform a full reset, and also clear the saved lines.

       Commands	for setting the	current	screen:

	      Show Tek Window (tekshow)
		     When enabled, pops	the Tektronix 4014 window up (makes it
		     visible).	 When  disabled, hides the Tektronix 4014 win-
		     dow.

	      Switch to	Tek Mode (tekmode)
		     When enabled, pops	the Tektronix 4014 window up if	it  is
		     not  already  visible,  and  switches the input stream to
		     that window.  When	disabled,  hides  the  Tektronix  4014
		     window and	switches input back to the VTxxx window.

	      Hide VT Window (vthide)
		     When enabled, hides the VTxxx window, shows the Tektronix
		     4014 window if it was not already	visible	 and  switches
		     the  input	 stream	 to that window.  When disabled, shows
		     the VTxxx window, and switches the	input stream  to  that
		     window.

	      Show Alternate Screen (altscreen)
		     When enabled, shows the alternate screen.	When disabled,
		     shows the normal screen.  Note that the normal screen may
		     have saved	lines; the alternate screen does not.

       The  fontMenu  sets  the	font used in the VT102 window, or modifies the
       way the font is specified or displayed.	There are three	sections.

       The first section allows	you to select the font from a set of  alterna-
       tives:

	      Default (fontdefault)
		     Set  the  font  to	 the  default, i.e., that given	by the
		     *VT100.font resource.

	      Unreadable (font1)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font1 resource.

	      Tiny (font2)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font2 resource.

	      Small (font3)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font3 resource.

	      Medium (font4)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font4 resource.

	      Large (font5)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font5 resource.

	      Huge (font6)
		     Set the font to that given	by the *VT100.font6 resource.

	      Escape Sequence
		     This allows you to	set the	font last specified by the Set
		     Font  escape sequence (see	the document Xterm Control Se-
		     quences).

	      Selection	(fontsel)
		     This allows you to	set the	font specified the current se-
		     lection  as  a  font  name	 (if  the PRIMARY selection is
		     owned).

       The second section allows you to	modify the way it is displayed:

	      Line-Drawing Characters (font-linedrawing)
		     When set, tells xterm to draw its own line-drawing	 char-
		     acters.   Otherwise  it  relies  on  the  font containing
		     these.

	      Doublesized Characters (font-doublesize)
		     When set, xterm may ask the font server to	produce	scaled
		     versions  of the normal font, for VT102 double-size char-
		     acters.

       The third section allows	you to modify the way it is specified:

	      TrueType Fonts (render-font)
		     If	the renderFont and corresponding resources  were  set,
		     this is a further control whether xterm will actually use
		     the Xft library calls to obtain a font.

	      UTF-8 (utf8-mode)
		     This controls whether xterm uses UTF-8  encoding  of  in-
		     put/output.  It is	useful for temporarily switching xterm
		     to	display	text from an application which does not	follow
		     the locale	settings.

       The  tekMenu  sets  various  modes  in  the Tektronix emulation,	and is
       popped up when the ``control'' key and pointer button two  are  pressed
       in the Tektronix	window.	 The current font size is checked in the modes
       section of the menu.

	      Large Characters (tektextlarge)

	      #2 Size Characters (tektext2)

	      #3 Size Characters (tektext3)

	      Small Characters (tektextsmall)

       Commands:

	      PAGE (tekpage)
		     Clear the Tektronix window.

	      RESET (tekreset)

	      COPY (tekcopy)

       Windows:

	      Show VT Window (vtshow)

	      Switch to	VT Mode	(vtmode)

	      Hide Tek Window (tekhide)

SECURITY
       X environments differ in	their security consciousness.	Most  servers,
       run  under  xdm,	 are capable of	using a	``magic	cookie'' authorization
       scheme that can provide a reasonable level of security for many people.
       If  your	 server	is only	using a	host-based mechanism to	control	access
       to the server (see xhost(1)), then if you enable	access for a host  and
       other  users are	also permitted to run clients on that same host, it is
       possible	that someone can run an	application which uses the basic  ser-
       vices  of  the X	protocol to snoop on your activities, potentially cap-
       turing a	transcript of  everything  you	type  at  the  keyboard.   Any
       process	which  has  access to your X display can manipulate it in ways
       that you	might not anticipate, even redirecting your keyboard to	itself
       and  sending  events  to	your application's windows.  This is true even
       with the	``magic	cookie'' authorization scheme.	While the  allowSendE-
       vents  provides	some  protection  against rogue	applications tampering
       with your programs, guarding against a snooper is harder.

       The possibility of an application spying	on your	keystrokes is of  par-
       ticular	concern	when you want to type in a password or other sensitive
       data.  The best solution	to this	problem	is to use a better  authoriza-
       tion  mechanism	than  is provided by X.	 Given all of these caveats, a
       simple mechanism	exists for protecting keyboard input in	xterm.

       The xterm menu (see MENUS  above)  contains  a  Secure  Keyboard	 entry
       which,  when enabled, attempts to ensure	that all keyboard input	is di-
       rected only to xterm (using the GrabKeyboard protocol  request).	  When
       an  application	prompts	 you for a password (or	other sensitive	data),
       you can enable Secure Keyboard using the	menu, type in  the  data,  and
       then  disable  Secure Keyboard using the	menu again.  This ensures that
       you know	which window is	accepting your keystrokes.  It	cannot	ensure
       that  there  are	 no processes which have access	to your	X display that
       might be	observing the keystrokes as well.

       Only one	X client at a time can grab the	keyboard, so when you  attempt
       to  enable  Secure  Keyboard  it	may fail.  In this case, the bell will
       sound.  If the Secure Keyboard succeeds,	the foreground and  background
       colors will be exchanged	(as if you selected the	Reverse	Video entry in
       the Modes menu);	they will be exchanged	again  when  you  exit	secure
       mode.   If the colors do	not switch, then you should be very suspicious
       that you	are being spoofed.  If the application you  are	 running  dis-
       plays  a	 prompt	 before	asking for the password, it is safest to enter
       secure mode before the prompt gets displayed, and to make sure that the
       prompt  gets  displayed	correctly (in the new colors), to minimize the
       probability of spoofing.	 You can also bring up the menu	again and make
       sure that a check mark appears next to the entry.

       Secure  Keyboard	mode will be disabled automatically if your xterm win-
       dow becomes iconified (or otherwise unmapped), or if you	start up a re-
       parenting  window  manager (that	places a title bar or other decoration
       around the window) while	in Secure Keyboard mode.  (This	is  a  feature
       of  the	X protocol not easily overcome.)  When this happens, the fore-
       ground and background colors will be switched back and  the  bell  will
       sound in	warning.

CHARACTER CLASSES
       Clicking	the left mouse button twice in rapid succession	will cause all
       characters of the same class (e.g., letters, white space,  punctuation)
       to  be selected.	 Since different people	have different preferences for
       what should be selected (for example, should filenames be selected as a
       whole  or only the separate subnames), the default mapping can be over-
       ridden through the use of the charClass (class CharClass) resource.

       This resource is	a series of comma-separated of range:value pairs.  The
       range is	either a single	number or low-high in the range	of 0 to	65535,
       corresponding to	the code for the character or characters  to  be  set.
       The  value  is arbitrary, although the default table uses the character
       number of the first character occurring in the set.  When not in	 UTF-8
       mode, only the first 256	bytes of this table will be used.

       The default table starts	as follows -

	       static int charClass[256] = {
	       /* NUL  SOH  STX	 ETX  EOT  ENQ	ACK  BEL */
		   32,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*  BS	HT   NL	  VT   NP   CR	 SO   SI */
		    1,	32,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* DLE  DC1  DC2	 DC3  DC4  NAK	SYN  ETB */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* CAN	EM  SUB	 ESC   FS   GS	 RS   US */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*  SP	 !    "	   #	$    %	  &    ' */
		   32,	33,  34,  35,  36,  37,	 38,  39,
	       /*   (	 )    *	   +	,    -	  .    / */
		   40,	41,  42,  43,  44,  45,	 46,  47,
	       /*   0	 1    2	   3	4    5	  6    7 */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   8	 9    :	   ;	<    =	  >    ? */
		   48,	48,  58,  59,  60,  61,	 62,  63,
	       /*   @	 A    B	   C	D    E	  F    G */
		   64,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   H	 I    J	   K	L    M	  N    O */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   P	 Q    R	   S	T    U	  V    W */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   X	 Y    Z	   [	\    ]	  ^    _ */
		   48,	48,  48,  91,  92,  93,	 94,  48,
	       /*   `	 a    b	   c	d    e	  f    g */
		   96,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   h	 i    j	   k	l    m	  n    o */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   p	 q    r	   s	t    u	  v    w */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   x	 y    z	   {	|    }	  ~  DEL */
		   48,	48,  48, 123, 124, 125,	126,   1,
	       /* x80  x81  x82	 x83  IND  NEL	SSA  ESA */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* HTS  HTJ  VTS	 PLD  PLU   RI	SS2  SS3 */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* DCS  PU1  PU2	 STS  CCH   MW	SPA  EPA */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /* x98  x99  x9A	 CSI   ST  OSC	 PM  APC */
		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,
	       /*   -	 i   c/	   L   ox   Y-	  |   So */
		  160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,	166, 167,
	       /*  ..	c0   ip	  <<	_	 R0    - */
		  168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173,	174, 175,
	       /*   o	+-    2	   3	'    u	 q|    . */
		  176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181,	182, 183,
	       /*   ,	 1    2	  >>  1/4  1/2	3/4    ? */
		  184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189,	190, 191,
	       /*  A`	A'   A^	  A~   A:   Ao	 AE   C, */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  E`	E'   E^	  E:   I`   I'	 I^   I: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  D-	N~   O`	  O'   O^   O~	 O:    X */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 215,
	       /*  O/	U`   U'	  U^   U:   Y'	  P    B */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  a`	a'   a^	  a~   a:   ao	 ae   c, */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*  e`	e'   e^	  e:	i`  i'	 i^   i: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,
	       /*   d	n~   o`	  o'   o^   o~	 o:   -: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 247,
	       /*  o/	u`   u'	  u^   u:   y'	  P   y: */
		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48};

       For  example,  the string ``33:48,37:48,45-47:48,38:48''	indicates that
       the exclamation mark, percent sign, dash, period, slash,	and  ampersand
       characters  should  be  treated the same	way as characters and numbers.
       This is useful for cutting and pasting electronic mailing addresses and
       filenames.

ACTIONS
       It  is  possible	 to  rebind  keys  (or sequences of keys) to arbitrary
       strings for input, by  changing	the  translations  for	the  vt100  or
       tek4014	widgets.   Changing the	translations for events	other than key
       and button events is not	expected, and will cause unpredictable	behav-
       ior.   The following actions are	provided for using within the vt100 or
       tek4014 translations resources:

       allow-send-events(on/off/toggle)
	       This action set or toggles the allowSendEvents resource and  is
	       also invoked by the allowsends entry in mainMenu.

       bell([percent])
	       This action rings the keyboard bell at the specified percentage
	       above or	below the base volume.

       clear-saved-lines()
	       This action does	hard-reset() (see below) and also  clears  the
	       history	of  lines saved	off the	top of the screen.  It is also
	       invoked from the	clearsavedlines	entry in vtMenu.   The	effect
	       is identical to a hardware reset	(RIS) control sequence.

       create-menu(m/v/f/t)
	       This  action  creates one of the	menus used by xterm, if	it has
	       not been	previously created.  The parameter values are the menu
	       names: mainMenu,	vtMenu,	fontMenu, tekMenu, respectively.

       dabbrev-expand()
	       Expands	the  word  before cursor by searching in the preceding
	       text on the screen and  in  the	scrollback  buffer  for	 words
	       starting	 with  that abbreviation.  By default bound to Meta /.
	       Repeating dabbrev-expand() several times	in  sequence  searches
	       for  an alternative expansion by	looking	farther	back.  Lack of
	       more matches is signaled	by a beep().  Attempts	to  expand  an
	       empty  word  (i.e.,  when  cursor is preceded by	a space) yield
	       successively all	previous words.	 Consecutive identical	expan-
	       sions  are  ignored.  The word here is defined as a sequence of
	       non-whitespace characters.  This	feature	partially emulates the
	       behavior	 of  `dynamic  abbreviation'  expansion	in Emacs (also
	       bound there to M-/).

       deiconify()
	       Changes the window state	back to	normal,	if it was iconified.

       delete-is-del()
	       This action toggles the state of	the deleteIsDEL	resource.

       dired-button()
	       Handles a button	event (other than press	and release) by	 echo-
	       ing  the	 event's position (i.e., character line	and column) in
	       the following format:

		       ^X ESC G	<line+'	'> <col+' '>

       iconify()
	       Iconifies the window.

       hard-reset()
	       This action resets the scrolling	region,	tabs, window size, and
	       cursor keys and clears the screen.  It is also invoked from the
	       hardreset entry in vtMenu.

       ignore()
	       This action ignores the event but checks	 for  special  pointer
	       position	escape sequences.

       insert()
	       This action inserts the character or string associated with the
	       key that	was pressed.

       insert-eight-bit()
	       This action inserts an eight-bit	(Meta) version of the  charac-
	       ter  or	string	associated with	the key	that was pressed.  The
	       exact action depends on the value of  the  metaSendsEscape  and
	       the eightBitInput resources.

       insert-selection(sourcename [, ...])
	       This  action  inserts the string	found in the selection or cut-
	       buffer indicated	by sourcename.	Sources	are checked in the or-
	       der  given (case	is significant)	until one is found.  Commonly-
	       used selections include:	 PRIMARY,  SECONDARY,  and  CLIPBOARD.
	       Cut  buffers  are  typically named CUT_BUFFER0 through CUT_BUF-
	       FER7.

       insert-seven-bit()
	       This action is a	synonym	for insert()

       interpret(control-sequence)
	       Interpret the given control  sequence  locally,	i.e.,  without
	       passing	it  to	the host.  This	works by inserting the control
	       sequence	at the front of	the input buffer.  Use "\"  to	escape
	       octal  digits  in  the  string.	Xt does	not allow you to put a
	       null character (i.e., "\000") in	the string.

       keymap(name)
	       This action dynamically defines a new translation  table	 whose
	       resource	 name is name with the suffix Keymap (case is signifi-
	       cant).  The name	None restores the original translation table.

       larger-vt-font()
	       Set the font to the next	larger one, based on the  font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       load-vt-fonts(name[,class])
	       Load fontnames from the given subresource name and class.  That
	       is, load	the "*VT100.name.font",	resource as "*VT100.font" etc.
	       If no name is given, the	original set of	fontnames is restored.

	       Unlike  set-vt-font(), this does	not affect the escape- and se-
	       lect-fonts, since those are not based on	resource  values.   It
	       does  affect  the fonts loosely organized under the ``Default''
	       menu entry: font, boldFont, wideFont and	wideBoldFont.

       maximize()
	       Resizes the window to fill the screen.

       meta-sends-escape()
	       This action toggles the state of	the metaSendsEscape resource.

       popup-menu(menuname)
	       This action displays the	specified  popup  menu.	  Valid	 names
	       (case is	significant) include:  mainMenu, vtMenu, fontMenu, and
	       tekMenu.

       print() This action prints the window and is also invoked by the	 print
	       entry in	mainMenu.

       print-redir()
	       This  action  toggles  the  printerControlMode between 0	and 2.
	       The corresponding popup menu entry is useful for	switching  the
	       printer off if you happen to change your	mind after deciding to
	       print random binary files on the	terminal.

       quit()  This action sends a SIGHUP to the subprogram and	exits.	It  is
	       also invoked by the quit	entry in mainMenu.

       redraw()
	       This  action  redraws the window	and is also invoked by the re-
	       draw entry in mainMenu.

       restore()
	       Restores	the window to the size before it was last maximized.

       scroll-back(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This action scrolls the text window backward so that text  that
	       had  previously scrolled	off the	top of the screen is now visi-
	       ble.

	       The count argument indicates the	number of units	(which may  be
	       page, halfpage, pixel, or line) by which	to scroll.

	       An  adjustment can be specified for these values	by appending a
	       "+" or "-" sign followed	by a number, e.g., page-2 to specify 2
	       lines less than a page.

	       If  the	third  parameter mouse is given, the action is ignored
	       when mouse reporting is enabled.

       scroll-forw(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This action scrolls is similar to scroll-back  except  that  it
	       scrolls the other direction.

       secure()
	       This  action  toggles the Secure	Keyboard mode described	in the
	       section named SECURITY, and is invoked from the securekbd entry
	       in mainMenu.

       select-cursor-end(destname [, ...])
	       This  action  is	similar	to select-end except that it should be
	       used with select-cursor-start.

       select-cursor-start()
	       This action is similar to select-start except  that  it	begins
	       the selection at	the current text cursor	position.

       select-end(destname [, ...])
	       This  action  puts  the currently selected text into all	of the
	       selections or cutbuffers	specified by destname.

       select-extend()
	       This action tracks the pointer and extends the  selection.   It
	       should only be bound to Motion events.

       select-set()
	       This  action stores text	that corresponds to the	current	selec-
	       tion, without affecting the selection mode.

       select-start()
	       This action begins text selection at the	current	pointer	 loca-
	       tion.  See the section on POINTER USAGE for information on mak-
	       ing selections.

       send-signal(signame)
	       This action sends the signal named by signame to	the xterm sub-
	       process	(the  shell  or	 program specified with	the -e command
	       line option) and	is also	invoked	by the suspend,	continue,  in-
	       terrupt,	 hangup, terminate, and	kill entries in	mainMenu.  Al-
	       lowable signal names are	(case is not  significant):  tstp  (if
	       supported  by  the  operating  system), suspend (same as	tstp),
	       cont (if	supported by the operating system),  int,  hup,	 term,
	       quit, alrm, alarm (same as alrm)	and kill.

       set-allow132(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	c132 resource and is also invoked from
	       the allow132 entry in vtMenu.

       set-altscreen(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles between the alternate and current screens.

       set-appcursor(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	Application  Cursor  Key  mode
	       and is also invoked by the appcursor entry in vtMenu.

       set-appkeypad(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	of Application Keypad mode and
	       is also invoked by the appkeypad	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autolinefeed(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles automatic insertion	of  linefeeds  and  is
	       also invoked by the autolinefeed	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autowrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  automatic	 wrapping of long lines	and is
	       also invoked by the autowrap entry in vtMenu.

       set-backarrow(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the backarrowKey resource and is  also  in-
	       voked from the backarrow	key entry in vtMenu.

       set-cursorblink(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the cursorBlink resource and is also in-
	       voked from the cursorblink entry	in vtMenu.

       set-cursesemul(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the curses resource	and  is	 also  invoked
	       from the	cursesemul entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-doublesize(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the fontDoublesize resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the font-doublesize entry in fontMenu.

       set-hp-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the hpFunctionKeys resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the hpFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-jumpscroll(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the jumpscroll resource and is also invoked
	       by the jumpscroll entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-linedrawing(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the xterm's	state  regarding  whether  the
	       current	font has line-drawing characters and whether it	should
	       draw them directly.  It is also invoked by the font-linedrawing
	       entry in	fontMenu.

       set-logging()
	       This action toggles the state of	the logging option.

       set-old-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the state	of legacy function keys	and is
	       also invoked by the oldFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-marginbell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the marginBell resource and is also invoked
	       from the	marginbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-num-lock()
	       This action toggles the state of	the numLock resource.

       set-pop-on-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	popOnBell resource and is also invoked
	       by the poponbell	entry in vtMenu.

       set-render-font(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the renderFont resource and is also invoked
	       by the render-font entry	in fontMenu.

       set-reverse-video(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles the reverseVideo resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the reversevideo entry in vtMenu.

       set-reversewrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the reverseWrap resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked by	the reversewrap	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-key(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	scrollKey resource and is also invoked
	       from the	scrollkey entry	in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-tty-output(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollTtyOutput resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked from the	scrollttyoutput	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scrollbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	scrollbar resource and is also invoked
	       by the scrollbar	entry in vtMenu.

       set-sco-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scoFunctionKeys resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked by the scoFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the sunFunctionKeys resource and is also
	       invoked by the sunFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-keyboard(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the sunKeyboard resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked by	the sunKeyboard	entry in mainMenu.

       set-tek-text(large/2/3/small)
	       This action sets	font used in the Tektronix window to the value
	       of the resources	tektextlarge,  tektext2,  tektext3,  and  tek-
	       textsmall according to the argument.  It	is also	by the entries
	       of the same names as the	resources in tekMenu.

       set-terminal-type(type)
	       This action directs output to either the	vt or tek windows, ac-
	       cording	to the type string.  It	is also	invoked	by the tekmode
	       entry in	vtMenu and the vtmode entry in tekMenu.

       set-titeInhibit(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the titeInhibit  resource,  which  controls
	       switching between the alternate and current screens.

       set-utf8-mode(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the utf8 resource	and is also invoked by
	       the utf8-mode entry in fontMenu.

       set-visibility(vt/tek,on/off/toggle)
	       This action controls whether or not the vt or tek  windows  are
	       visible.	  It  is  also invoked from the	tekshow	and vthide en-
	       tries in	vtMenu and the vtshow and tekhide entries in tekMenu.

       set-visual-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the visualBell resource and is also invoked
	       by the visualbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-vt-font(d/1/2/3/4/5/6/e/s [,normalfont [, boldfont]])
	       This  action sets the font or fonts currently being used	in the
	       VT102 window.  The first	argument is a  single  character  that
	       specifies the font to be	used:

	       d  or D indicate	the default font (the font initially used when
		      xterm was	started),

	       1 through 6 indicate the	fonts specified	by the	font1  through
		      font6 resources,

	       e  or  E	 indicate the normal and bold fonts that have been set
		      through escape codes (or specified  as  the  second  and
		      third action arguments, respectively), and

	       s or S indicate the font	selection (as made by programs such as
		      xfontsel(1)) indicated by	the second action argument.

	       If xterm	is configured to support  wide	characters,  an	 addi-
	       tional  two  optional parameters	are recognized for the e argu-
	       ment: wide font and wide	bold font.

       smaller-vt-font()
	       Set the font to the next	smaller	one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       soft-reset()
	       This  action  resets  the  scrolling region and is also invoked
	       from the	softreset entry	in vtMenu.  The	effect is identical to
	       a soft reset (DECSTR) control sequence.

       start-extend()
	       This  action  is	similar	to select-start	except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current pointer location.

       start-cursor-extend()
	       This action is similar to select-extend except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current text cursor position.

       string(string)
	       This action inserts the specified text string as	if it had been
	       typed.  Quotation is necessary if the  string  contains	white-
	       space  or  non-alphanumeric characters.	If the string argument
	       begins with the characters ``0x'', it is	interpreted as	a  hex
	       character constant.

       tek-copy()
	       This  action  copies the	escape codes used to generate the cur-
	       rent window contents to a file in the current directory	begin-
	       ning  with  the name COPY.  It is also invoked from the tekcopy
	       entry in	tekMenu.

       tek-page()
	       This action clears the Tektronix	window and is also invoked  by
	       the tekpage entry in tekMenu.

       tek-reset()
	       This  action resets the Tektronix window	and is also invoked by
	       the tekreset entry in tekMenu.

       vi-button()
	       Handles a button	event (other than press	and release) by	 echo-
	       ing a control sequence computed from the	event's	line number in
	       the screen relative to the current line:

		       ESC ^P
	       or
		       ESC ^N

	       according to whether the	event is before, or after the  current
	       line,  respectively.   The ^N (or ^P) is	repeated once for each
	       line that the event differs from	the current line.  The control
	       sequence	 is  omitted  altogether if the	button event is	on the
	       current line.

       visual-bell()
	       This action flashes the window quickly.

       The Tektronix window also has the following action:

       gin-press(l/L/m/M/r/R)
	       This action sends the indicated graphics	input code.

       The default bindings in the VT102 window	are:

		     Shift <KeyPress> Prior:scroll-back(1,halfpage) \n\
		      Shift <KeyPress> Next:scroll-forw(1,halfpage) \n\
		    Shift <KeyPress> Select:select-cursor-start() \
					    select-cursor-end(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
		    Shift <KeyPress> Insert:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
	       Shift~Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:larger-vt-font() \n\
	       Shift Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:smaller-vt-font() \n\
	       Shift <KeyPress>	KP_Subtract:smaller-vt-font() \n\
			   ~Meta <KeyPress>:insert-seven-bit() \n\
			    Meta <KeyPress>:insert-eight-bit() \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
			   ~Meta <Btn1Down>:select-start() \n\
			 ~Meta <Btn1Motion>:select-extend() \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n\
		     ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Down>:ignore() \n\
			    Meta <Btn2Down>:clear-saved-lines()	\n\
		       ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Up>:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
			   !Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		      !Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
	    !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n\
		     ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn3Down>:start-extend() \n\
			 ~Meta <Btn3Motion>:select-extend() \n\
			    Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		       Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	     Lock @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		  @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n\
				 <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(5,line,m)     \n\
			    Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		       Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
	     Lock @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
		  @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n\
				 <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(5,line,m)     \n\
				    <BtnUp>:select-end(PRIMARY,	CUT_BUFFER0) \n\
				  <BtnDown>:bell(0)

       The default bindings in the Tektronix window are:

			   ~Meta<KeyPress>: insert-seven-bit() \n\
			    Meta<KeyPress>: insert-eight-bit() \n\
			  !Ctrl	<Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
		     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn1Down>: popup-menu(mainMenu) \n\
	   !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu)	\n\
		!Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu)	\n\
			  !Ctrl	<Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu)	\n\
		     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu)	\n\
	   !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		!Ctrl @Num_Lock	<Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(L)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(l)	\n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(M)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(m)	\n\
		     Shift ~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(R)	\n\
			   ~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(r)

       Below is	a sample how of	the keymap() action is	used  to  add  special
       keys for	entering commonly-typed	works:

	   *VT100.Translations:	#override <Key>F13: keymap(dbx)
	   *VT100.dbxKeymap.translations: \
		<Key>F14: keymap(None) \n\
		<Key>F17: string("next") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F18: string("step") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F19: string("continue") string(0x0d) \n\
		<Key>F20: string("print	") insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0)

CONTROL	SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD
       The  Xterm Control Sequences document lists the control sequences which
       an application can send xterm to	make it	 perform  various  operations.
       Most  of	these operations are standardized, from	either the DEC or Tek-
       tronix terminals, or from more widely used standards such as ISO	6429.

ENVIRONMENT
       Xterm sets the environment variables ``TERM'' for the window  you  have
       created.	 It also uses and sets the environment variable	``DISPLAY'' to
       specify which bit map display terminal to use.  The  environment	 vari-
       able ``WINDOWID'' is set	to the X window	id number of the xterm window.

       Depending  on your system configuration,	xterm may also set the follow-
       ing:

       COLUMNS
	    the	width of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty columns").

       HOME when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       LINES
	    the	height of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty rows").

       LOGNAME
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       SHELL
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       TERMCAP
	    the	contents of the	termcap	entry  corresponding  to  $TERM,  with
	    lines  and	columns	 values	substituted for	the actual size	window
	    you	have created.

       TERMINFO
	    may	be defined to a	nonstandard location in	the configure script.

FILES
       The actual pathnames given may differ on	your system.

       /etc/utmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins.

       /etc/wtmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins and logouts.

       /usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm
	    the	xterm default application resources.

       /usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm-color
	    the	xterm color application	resources.  If your  display  supports
	    color, use this
		      *customization: -color
	    in	your  .Xdefaults  file to automatically	turn on	color in xterm
	    and	similar	applications.

ERROR MESSAGES
       Most of the fatal error messages	from xterm use the following format:
	      xterm: Error XXX,	errno YYY: ZZZ
       The XXX codes (which are	used by	xterm as its exit-code)	are listed be-
       low, with a brief explanation.

       1    is	used  for  miscellaneous errors, usually accompanied by	a spe-
	    cific message,

       11   ERROR_FIONBIO
	    main: ioctl() failed on FIONBIO

       12   ERROR_F_GETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_GETFL

       13   ERROR_F_SETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_SETFL

       14   ERROR_OPDEVTTY
	    spawn: open() failed on /dev/tty

       15   ERROR_TIOCGETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCGETP

       17   ERROR_PTSNAME
	    spawn: ptsname() failed

       18   ERROR_OPPTSNAME
	    spawn: open() failed on ptsname

       19   ERROR_PTEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ptem"

       20   ERROR_CONSEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"consem"

       21   ERROR_LDTERM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ldterm"

       22   ERROR_TTCOMPAT
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ttcompat"

       23   ERROR_TIOCSETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETP

       24   ERROR_TIOCSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETC

       25   ERROR_TIOCSETD
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETD

       26   ERROR_TIOCSLTC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSLTC

       27   ERROR_TIOCLSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCLSET

       28   ERROR_INIGROUPS
	    spawn: initgroups()	failed

       29   ERROR_FORK
	    spawn: fork() failed

       30   ERROR_EXEC
	    spawn: exec() failed

       32   ERROR_PTYS
	    get_pty: not enough	ptys

       34   ERROR_PTY_EXEC
	    waiting for	initial	map

       35   ERROR_SETUID
	    spawn: setuid() failed

       36   ERROR_INIT
	    spawn: can't initialize window

       46   ERROR_TIOCKSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSET

       47   ERROR_TIOCKSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSETC

       48   ERROR_SPREALLOC
	    spawn: realloc of ttydev failed

       49   ERROR_LUMALLOC
	    luit: command-line malloc failed

       50   ERROR_SELECT
	    in_put: select() failed

       54   ERROR_VINIT
	    VTInit: can't initialize window

       57   ERROR_KMMALLOC1
	    HandleKeymapChange:	malloc failed

       60   ERROR_TSELECT
	    Tinput: select() failed

       64   ERROR_TINIT
	    TekInit: can't initialize window

       71   ERROR_BMALLOC2
	    SaltTextAway: malloc() failed

       80   ERROR_LOGEXEC
	    StartLog: exec() failed

       83   ERROR_XERROR
	    xerror: XError event

       84   ERROR_XIOERROR
	    xioerror: X	I/O error

       90   ERROR_SCALLOC
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on base

       91   ERROR_SCALLOC2
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on rows

       92   ERROR_SREALLOC
	    ScreenResize: realloc() failed on alt base

       96   ERROR_RESIZE
	    ScreenResize: malloc() or realloc()	failed

       102  ERROR_SAVE_PTR
	    ScrnPointers: malloc/realloc() failed

       110  ERROR_SBRALLOC
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on base

       111  ERROR_SBRALLOC2
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on rows

       121  ERROR_MMALLOC
	    my_memmove:	malloc/realloc failed

BUGS
       Large pastes do not work	on some	systems.  This is not a	bug in	xterm;
       it  is  a  bug  in  the pseudo terminal driver of those systems.	 xterm
       feeds large pastes to the pty only as fast as the pty will accept data,
       but  some  pty  drivers do not return enough information	to know	if the
       write has succeeded.

       Many of the options are not resettable after xterm starts.

       This program still needs	to be rewritten.  It should be split into very
       modular	sections, with the various emulators being completely separate
       widgets that do not know	about each other.  Ideally, you'd like	to  be
       able  to	 pick and choose emulator widgets and stick them into a	single
       control widget.

       There needs to be a dialog box to allow entry  of  the  Tek  COPY  file
       name.

SEE ALSO
       resize(1), luit(1), X(1), pty(4), tty(4)
       Xterm Control Sequences (this is	the file ctlseqs.ms).

       http://invisible-island.net/xterm/xterm.html

AUTHORS
       Far too many people, including:

       Loretta Guarino Reid (DEC-UEG-WSL), Joel	McCormack (DEC-UEG-WSL), Terry
       Weissman	(DEC-UEG-WSL), Edward Moy (Berkeley),  Ralph  R.  Swick	 (MIT-
       Athena),	 Mark  Vandevoorde  (MIT-Athena),  Bob McNamara	(DEC-MAD), Jim
       Gettys (MIT-Athena), Bob	Scheifler (MIT X Consortium), Doug Mink	(SAO),
       Steve  Pitschke	(Stellar),  Ron	Newman (MIT-Athena), Jim Fulton	(MIT X
       Consortium), Dave Serisky (HP), Jonathan	Kamens (MIT-Athena), Jason Ba-
       con,  Stephen  P.  Wall,	 David	Wexelblat,  and	Thomas Dickey (XFree86
       Project).

				X Window System			      XTERM(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EMULATIONS | OTHER FEATURES | OPTIONS | RESOURCES | POINTER USAGE | MENUS | SECURITY | CHARACTER CLASSES | ACTIONS | CONTROL SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | ERROR MESSAGES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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