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XTERM(1)			    XFree86			      XTERM(1)

NAME
       xterm - terminal	emulator for X

SYNOPSIS
       xterm [-toolkitoption ...] [-option ...]

DESCRIPTION
       The  xterm  program is a	terminal emulator for the X Window System.  It
       provides	DEC VT102/VT220	(VTxxx)	and Tektronix 4014  compatible	termi-
       nals  for  programs that	cannot use the window system directly.	If the
       underlying operating system  supports  terminal	resizing  capabilities
       (for  example,  the  SIGWINCH  signal  in systems derived from 4.3bsd),
       xterm will use the facilities to	notify programs	running	in the	window
       whenever	it is resized.

       The  VTxxx  and	Tektronix 4014 terminals each have their own window so
       that you	can edit text in one and look at graphics in the other at  the
       same  time.   To	maintain the correct aspect ratio (height/width), Tek-
       tronix graphics will be restricted to the largest box with a 4014's as-
       pect ratio that will fit	in the window.	This box is located in the up-
       per left	area of	the window.

       Although	both windows may be displayed at the same time,	one of them is
       considered  the ``active'' window for receiving keyboard	input and ter-
       minal output.  This is the window that contains the text	 cursor.   The
       active  window  can  be	chosen	through	escape sequences, the ``VT Op-
       tions'' menu in the VTxxx window, and the ``Tek Options'' menu  in  the
       4014 window.

EMULATIONS
       The  VT102  emulation  is fairly	complete, but does not support autore-
       peat.  Double-size characters  are  displayed  properly	if  your  font
       server  supports	scalable fonts.	 Blinking characters are partially im-
       plemented; the emulation	is functional but does not have	the appearance
       of  a  real VT102.  The VT220 emulation does not	support	soft fonts, it
       is otherwise complete.  Termcap(5) entries that work with xterm include
       ``xterm,''  ``vt102,''  ``vt100'' and ``ansi,'' and xterm automatically
       searches	the termcap file in this order for these entries and then sets
       the  ``TERM''  and the ``TERMCAP'' environment variables.  You may also
       use ``vt220,''  but must	set the	 terminal  emulation  level  with  the
       decTerminalID resource.

       Many  of	 the special xterm features may	be modified under program con-
       trol through a set of escape  sequences	different  from	 the  standard
       VT102 escape sequences.	(See the Xterm Control Sequences document.)

       The  Tektronix  4014 emulation is also fairly good.  It supports	12-bit
       graphics	addressing, scaled to the window size.	 Four  different  font
       sizes and five different	lines types are	supported.  There is no	write-
       through or defocused mode support.  The	Tektronix  text	 and  graphics
       commands	 are recorded internally by xterm and may be written to	a file
       by sending the COPY escape sequence (or through the Tektronix menu; see
       below).	 The  name  of	the  file will be ``COPYyyyy-MM-dd.hh:mm:ss'',
       where yyyy, MM, dd, hh, mm and ss  are  the  year,  month,  day,	 hour,
       minute  and  second when	the COPY was performed (the file is created in
       the directory xterm is started in, or the home directory	 for  a	 login
       xterm).

       Not all of the features described in this manual	are necessarily	avail-
       able in this version of xterm.  Some (e.g., the	non-VT220  extensions)
       are  available only if they were	compiled in, though the	most commonly-
       used are	in the default configuration.

OTHER FEATURES
       Xterm automatically highlights the text cursor when the pointer	enters
       the  window  (selected) and unhighlights	it when	the pointer leaves the
       window (unselected).  If	the window is the focus	window,	then the  text
       cursor is highlighted no	matter where the pointer is.

       In VT102	mode, there are	escape sequences to activate and deactivate an
       alternate screen	buffer,	which is the same size as the display area  of
       the  window.   When activated, the current screen is saved and replaced
       with the	alternate screen.  Saving of lines scrolled off	the top	of the
       window is disabled until	the normal screen is restored.	The termcap(5)
       entry for xterm allows the visual editor	vi(1) to switch	to the	alter-
       nate  screen  for  editing  and to restore the screen on	exit.  A popup
       menu entry makes	it simple to switch between the	normal	and  alternate
       screens for cut and paste.

       In either VT102 or Tektronix mode, there	are escape sequences to	change
       the name	of the windows.	 Additionally, in VT102	mode, xterm implements
       the window-manipulation control sequences from dtterm, such as resizing
       the window, setting its location	on the screen.

       Xterm allows character-based applications to receive mouse events (cur-
       rently  button-press  and  release events, and button-motion events) as
       keyboard	control	sequences.  See	Xterm Control Sequences	for details.

OPTIONS
       The xterm terminal emulator accepts all of the standard X Toolkit  com-
       mand line options as well as the	following (if the option begins	with a
       `+' instead of a	`-', the option	is restored  to	 its  default  value).
       The  -version  and  -help  options are interpreted even if xterm	cannot
       open the	display, and are useful	for testing and	configuration scripts:

       -version
	       This causes xterm to print a version  number  to	 the  standard
	       output.

       -help   This causes xterm to print out a	verbose	message	describing its
	       options.	 The message is	written	to the standard	error.

       The other options are used to control the appearance and	behavior.  Not
       all options are necessarily configured into your	copy of	xterm.

       -132    Normally,  the  VT102 DECCOLM escape sequence that switches be-
	       tween 80	and 132	column mode is ignored.	  This	option	causes
	       the  DECCOLM  escape  sequence  to be recognized, and the xterm
	       window will resize appropriately.

       -ah     This option indicates that xterm	should	always	highlight  the
	       text cursor.  By	default, xterm will display a hollow text cur-
	       sor whenever the	focus is lost or the pointer leaves  the  win-
	       dow.

       +ah     This  option  indicates	that xterm should do text cursor high-
	       lighting	based on focus.

       -ai     This option disables active icon	support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to FALSE.

       +ai     This option enables active icon support	if  that  feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  This is equivalent to setting the vt100
	       resource	activeIcon to TRUE.

       -aw     This option indicates that auto-wraparound should  be  allowed.
	       This  allows  the cursor	to automatically wrap to the beginning
	       of the next line	when when it is	at the rightmost position of a
	       line and	text is	output.

       +aw     This  option  indicates	that auto-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -b number
	       This option specifies the size of the inner  border  (the  dis-
	       tance  between  the outer edge of the characters	and the	window
	       border) in pixels.  The default is 2.

       +bc     turn off	text cursor blinking.  This overrides the  cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bc     turn  on	 text cursor blinking.	This overrides the cursorBlink
	       resource.

       -bcf milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is off when blinking

       -bcn milliseconds
	       time text cursor	is on when blinking

       -bdc    Set the vt100 resource colorBDMode to FALSE, disabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute as color

       +bdc    Set  the	 vt100 resource	colorBDMode to TRUE, enabling the dis-
	       play of characters with bold attribute  as  color  rather  than
	       bold

       -cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to FALSE.

       +cb     Set the vt100 resource cutToBeginningOfLine to TRUE.

       -cc characterclassrange:value[,...]
	       This  sets  classes  indicated by the given ranges for using in
	       selecting by  words.   See  the	section	 specifying  character
	       classes.

       -cjk_width
	       Set the cjkWidth	resource to ``true''.  When turned on, charac-
	       ters with East Asian Ambiguous (A) category in UTR  11  have  a
	       column  width  of  2.  Othrwise,	they have a column width of 1.
	       This may	be useful for some legacy CJK text terminal-based pro-
	       grams  assuming	box drawings and others	to have	a column width
	       of 2.  The default is ``false''

       +cjk_width
	       Reset the cjkWidth resource.

       -class string
	       This option allows you  to  override  xterm's  resource	class.
	       Normally	 it is ``XTerm'', but can be set to another class such
	       as ``UXTerm'' to	override selected resources.

       -cm     This option disables recognition	of  ANSI  color-change	escape
	       sequences.

       +cm     This option enables recognition of ANSI color-change escape se-
	       quences.	 This is the same as the vt100 resource	colorMode.

       -cn     This option indicates that newlines should not be cut in	 line-
	       mode selections.

       +cn     This  option indicates that newlines should be cut in line-mode
	       selections.

       -cr color
	       This option specifies the color to use for  text	 cursor.   The
	       default	is  to	use the	same foreground	color that is used for
	       text.

       -cu     This option indicates that xterm	should work around  a  bug  in
	       the more(1) program that	causes it to incorrectly display lines
	       that are	exactly	the width of the window	and are	followed by  a
	       line beginning with a tab (the leading tabs are not displayed).
	       This option is so named because it was originally thought to be
	       a bug in	the curses(3x) cursor motion package.

       +cu     This  option  indicates	that  xterm should not work around the
	       more(1) bug mentioned above.

       -dc     This option disables the	escape sequence	to change dynamic col-
	       ors:  the vt100 foreground and background colors, the text cur-
	       sor color, the mouse cursor foreground and  background  colors,
	       the  Tektronix  emulator	 foreground and	background colors, and
	       highlight color.

       +dc     This option enables the escape sequence to change dynamic  col-
	       ors.

       -e program [ arguments ... ]
	       This  option  specifies the program (and	its command line argu-
	       ments) to be run	in the xterm window.  It also sets the	window
	       title and icon name to be the basename of the program being ex-
	       ecuted if neither -T nor	-n are	given  on  the	command	 line.
	       This must be the	last option on the command line.

       -en encoding
	       This  options determines	the encoding on	which xterm runs.  En-
	       codings other than UTF-8	are supported by using luit.  The  -lc
	       option  should  be  used	instead	of -en for systems with	locale
	       support.	 This corresponds to the locale	resource.

       -fb font
	       This option specifies a font to be used	when  displaying  bold
	       text.   This font must be the same height and width as the nor-
	       mal font.  If only one of the normal or bold  fonts  is	speci-
	       fied, it	will be	used as	the normal font	and the	bold font will
	       be produced by overstriking this	font.  The default  is	to  do
	       overstriking  of	 the  normal font.  See	also the discussion of
	       boldFont	and boldMode resources.

       -fa pattern
	       This option sets	 the  pattern  for  fonts  selected  from  the
	       FreeType	 library if support for	that library was compiled into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceName	resource.

       -fbb    This option indicates that xterm	should compare normal and bold
	       fonts bounding boxes to ensure they are compatible.

       +fbb    This  option indicates that xterm should	not compare normal and
	       bold fonts bounding boxes to ensure they	are compatible.

       -fbx    This option indicates that xterm	should	not  assume  that  the
	       normal  and  bold fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.  If
	       any are missing,	xterm will draw	the characters directly.

       +fbx    This option indicates that xterm	should assume that the	normal
	       and bold	fonts have VT100 line-drawing characters.

       -fi font
	       This  option sets the font for active icons if that feature was
	       compiled	into xterm.  See also the discussion of	 the  iconFont
	       resource.

       -fs size
	       This  option  sets  the	pointsize  for fonts selected from the
	       FreeType	library	if support for that library was	compiled  into
	       xterm.  This corresponds	to the faceSize	resource.

       -fw font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.  This corresponds to the wideFont resource.

       -fwb font
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying bold
	       wide text.  By default, it will attempt to use a	font twice  as
	       wide  as	 the  font that	will be	used to	draw bold text.	 If no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.  This	corresponds to the wideBoldFont	resource.

       -fx font
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.  See also the
	       discussion of the ximFont resource.

       -hc color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       selected	or otherwise highlighted text.	If not specified,  re-
	       verse video is used.

       -hf     This  option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +hf     This option indicates that HP Function Key escape codes	should
	       not be generated	for function keys.

       -hold   Turn on the hold	resource, i.e.,	xterm will not immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell	command	 completes.   It  will
	       wait  until you use the window manager to destroy/kill the win-
	       dow, or if you use the menu entries that	send a	signal,	 e.g.,
	       HUP or KILL.

       +hold   Turn  off  the  hold resource, i.e., xterm will immediately de-
	       stroy its window	when the shell command completes.

       -ie     Turn on the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., use the pseudo-ter-
	       minal's sense of	the stty erase value.

       +ie     Turn off	the ptyInitialErase resource, i.e., set	the stty erase
	       value using the kb string from the termcap entry	 as  a	refer-
	       ence, if	available.

       -im     Turn on the useInsertMode resource.

       +im     Turn off	the useInsertMode resource.

       -into windowId
	       Given  an  X  window identifier (a decimal integer), xterm will
	       reparent	its top-level shell widget to that  window.   This  is
	       used to embed xterm within other	applications.

       -j      This  option  indicates	that  xterm  should do jump scrolling.
	       Normally, text is scrolled one line at a	time; this option  al-
	       lows xterm to move multiple lines at a time so that it does not
	       fall as far behind.  Its	use is strongly	recommended  since  it
	       makes  xterm much faster	when scanning through large amounts of
	       text.  The VT100	escape sequences for  enabling	and  disabling
	       smooth scroll as	well as	the ``VT Options'' menu	can be used to
	       turn this feature on or off.

       +j      This option indicates that xterm	should not do jump scrolling.

       -l      Turn logging on.	 Normally logging is not supported, due	to se-
	       curity  concerns.   Some	versions of xterm may have logging en-
	       abled.  The logfile is written  to  the	directory  from	 which
	       xterm is	invoked.  The filename is generated, of	the form

		    XtermLog.XXXXXX

	       or

		    Xterm.log.hostname.yyyy.mm.dd.hh.mm.ss.XXXXXX

	       depending on how	xterm was built.

       +l      Turn logging off.

       -lc     Turn  on	 support  of  various  encodings  according  to	users'
	       LC_CTYPE	locale setting,	i.e., LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE,	or LANG	 vari-
	       ables.  This is achieved	by turning on UTF-8 mode and by	invok-
	       ing luit	for conversion between	locale	encodings  and	UTF-8.
	       (luit  is  not  invoked	in UTF-8 locales.)  All	you need is an
	       iso10646-1 font regardless of your locale and  encoding.	  This
	       corresponds to the locale resource.

	       The  actual list	of encodings which are supported is determined
	       by luit.	 Consult the luit manual page for futher details.

       +lc     Turn off	support	of automatic selection	of  locale  encodings.
	       Conventional 8bit mode or, in UTF-8 locales or with -u8 option,
	       UTF-8 mode will be used.

       -lcc path
	       File name for the encoding converter from/to  locale  encodings
	       and  UTF-8  which  is  used with	-lc option or locale resource.
	       This corresponds	to the localeFilter resource.

       -leftbar
	       Force scrollbar to the left side	of VT100 screen.  This is  the
	       default,	unless you have	set the	rightScrollBar resource.

       -lf filename
	       Specify the log-filename.  See the -l option.

       -ls     This  option  indicates	that  the shell	that is	started	in the
	       xterm window will be a login shell (i.e., the  first  character
	       of  argv[0]  will  be  a	 dash, indicating to the shell that it
	       should read the user's .login or	.profile).

	       Note that this is incompatible with -e, since the login program
	       does not	provide	a way to specify the command to	run in the new
	       shell.  If you specify both, xterm uses -ls.

       +ls     This option indicates that the shell that is started should not
	       be a login shell	(i.e. it will be a normal ``subshell'').

       -mb     This option indicates that xterm	should ring a margin bell when
	       the user	types near the right end of a line.  This  option  can
	       be turned on and	off from the ``VT Options'' menu.

       +mb     This option indicates that margin bell should not be rung.

       -mc milliseconds
	       This  option specifies the maximum time between multi-click se-
	       lections.

       -mesg   Turn off	the messages resource, i.e., disallow write access  to
	       the terminal.

       +mesg   Turn  on	the messages resource, i.e., allow write access	to the
	       terminal.

       -ms color
	       This option specifies the color to be used for the pointer cur-
	       sor.  The default is to use the foreground color.

       -nb number
	       This  option  specifies the number of characters	from the right
	       end of a	line at	which the margin bell, if enabled, will	 ring.
	       The default is 10.

       -nul    This option disables the	display	of underlining.

       +nul    This option enables the display of underlining.

       -pc     This  option enables the	PC-style use of	bold colors (see bold-
	       Colors resource).

       +pc     This option disables the	PC-style use of	bold colors.

       -pob    This option indicates that the window should be raised whenever
	       a Control-G is received.

       +pob    This  option  indicates	that  the  window should not be	raised
	       whenever	a Control-G is received.

       -rightbar
	       Force scrollbar to the right side of VT100 screen.

       -rvc    This option disables the	display	of characters with reverse at-
	       tribute as color.

       +rvc    This  option enables the	display	of characters with reverse at-
	       tribute as color.

       -rw     This option indicates that  reverse-wraparound  should  be  al-
	       lowed.	This  allows  the  cursor to back up from the leftmost
	       column of one line to the  rightmost  column  of	 the  previous
	       line.  This is very useful for editing long shell command lines
	       and is encouraged.  This	option can be turned on	and  off  from
	       the ``VT	Options'' menu.

       +rw     This option indicates that reverse-wraparound should not	be al-
	       lowed.

       -s      This option indicates that  xterm  may  scroll  asynchronously,
	       meaning	that the screen	does not have to be kept completely up
	       to date while scrolling.	 This allows xterm to run faster  when
	       network	latencies  are	very high and is typically useful when
	       running across a	very large internet or many gateways.

       +s      This option indicates that xterm	should scroll synchronously.

       -samename
	       Does not	send title and icon name change	requests when the  re-
	       quest  would have no effect: the	name is	not changed.  This has
	       the advantage of	preventing flicker and the disadvantage	of re-
	       quiring	an extra round trip to the server to find out the pre-
	       vious value.  In	practice this should never be a	problem.

       +samename
	       Always send title and icon name change requests.

       -sb     This option indicates  that  some  number  of  lines  that  are
	       scrolled	 off  the top of the window should be saved and	that a
	       scrollbar should	be  displayed  so  that	 those	lines  can  be
	       viewed.	This option may	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +sb     This option indicates that a scrollbar should not be displayed.

       -sf     This option indicates that Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys.

       +sf     This  option indicates that the standard	escape codes should be
	       generated for function keys.

       -si     This option indicates that output to a window should not	 auto-
	       matically  reposition the screen	to the bottom of the scrolling
	       region.	This option can	be turned on and off from the ``VT Op-
	       tions'' menu.

       +si     This  option  indicates that output to a	window should cause it
	       to scroll to the	bottom.

       -sk     This option indicates that  pressing  a	key  while  using  the
	       scrollbar  to  review  previous	lines of text should cause the
	       window to be repositioned automatically in the normal  position
	       at the bottom of	the scroll region.

       +sk     This  option  indicates	that  pressing	a  key while using the
	       scrollbar should	not cause the window to	be repositioned.

       -sl number
	       This option specifies the number	of lines  to  save  that  have
	       been scrolled off the top of the	screen.	 The default is	64.

       -sm     This  option,  corresponding  to	the sessionMgt resource, indi-
	       cates that xterm	should set up session manager callbacks.

       +sm     This option indicates that xterm	should not set up session man-
	       ager callbacks.

       -sp     This  option  indicates that Sun/PC keyboard should be assumed,
	       providing mapping for keypad `+'	to `,',	and  CTRL-F1  to  F13,
	       CTRL-F2 to F14, etc.

       +sp     This  option indicates that the standard	escape codes should be
	       generated for keypad and	function keys.

       -t      This option indicates that  xterm  should  start	 in  Tektronix
	       mode,  rather  than  in	VT102 mode.  Switching between the two
	       windows is done using the ``Options'' menus.

       +t      This option indicates that xterm	should start in	VT102 mode.

       -ti term_id
	       Specify the name	used by	xterm to select	the  correct  response
	       to terminal ID queries.	It also	specifies the emulation	level,
	       used to determine the type of response  to  a  DA  control  se-
	       quence.	 Valid	values	include	vt52, vt100, vt101, vt102, and
	       vt220 (the "vt" is  optional).	The  default  is  vt100.   The
	       term_id	argument  specifies  the terminal ID to	use.  (This is
	       the same	as the decTerminalID resource).

       -tm string
	       This option specifies a series  of  terminal  setting  keywords
	       followed	 by the	characters that	should be bound	to those func-
	       tions, similar to the stty  program.   Allowable	 keywords  in-
	       clude:  intr,  quit, erase, kill, eof, eol, swtch, start, stop,
	       brk, susp, dsusp, rprnt,	 flush,	 weras,	 and  lnext.   Control
	       characters  may	be  specified as ^char (e.g., ^c or ^u)	and ^?
	       may be used to indicate delete (127).

       -tn name
	       This option specifies the name of the terminal type to  be  set
	       in  the TERM environment	variable.  This	terminal type must ex-
	       ist in the termcap(5) database and should have li# and co#  en-
	       tries.

       -u8     This  option  sets  the utf8 resource.  When utf8 is set, xterm
	       interprets incoming data	as UTF-8.  This	sets  wideChars	 as  a
	       side-effect, but	UTF-8 mode set by this option prevents it from
	       being turned off.  If you must turn it  on  and	off,  use  the
	       wideChars resource.  Note this option and the utf8 resource are
	       overridden by the -lc and -en options and locale	resource.  In-
	       stead,  please  use ``-lc'' option or ``locale: true'' resource
	       in UTF-8	locales	when your operating system supports locale, or
	       ``-en  UTF-8''  option  or ``locale: UTF-8'' resource when your
	       operating system	does not support locale.

       +u8     This option resets the utf8 resource.

       -ulc    This option disables the	display	of characters  with  underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       +ulc    This  option  enables  the display of characters	with underline
	       attribute as color rather than with underlining.

       -ut     This option indicates that xterm	should not write a record into
	       the the system utmp log file.

       +ut     This option indicates that xterm	should write a record into the
	       system utmp log file.

       -vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	is preferred  over  an
	       audible	one.   Instead of ringing the terminal bell whenever a
	       Control-G is received, the window will be flashed.

       +vb     This option indicates that a visual bell	should not be used.

       -wc     This option sets	the wideChars  resource.   When	 wideChars  is
	       set, xterm maintains internal structures	for 16-bit characters.
	       If you do not set this resource to ``true'', xterm will	ignore
	       the escape sequence which turns UTF-8 mode on and off.  The de-
	       fault is	``false''.

       +wc     This option resets the wideChars	resource.

       -wf     This option indicates that xterm	should wait for	the window  to
	       be mapped the first time	before starting	the subprocess so that
	       the initial terminal size settings  and	environment  variables
	       are  correct.   It is the application's responsibility to catch
	       subsequent terminal size	changes.

       +wf     This option indicates that xterm	show not wait before  starting
	       the subprocess.

       -ziconbeep percent
	       Same  as	 zIconBeep  resource.	If percent is non-zero,	xterms
	       that produce output while iconified will	cause an  XBell	 sound
	       at  the given volume and	have "***" prepended to	their icon ti-
	       tles.  Most window managers will	 detect	 this  change  immedi-
	       ately,  showing	you  which  window has the output.  (A similar
	       feature was in x10 xterm.)

       -C      This option indicates that this window should  receive  console
	       output.	 This is not supported on all systems.	To obtain con-
	       sole output, you	must be	the owner of the console  device,  and
	       you  must  have	read  and write	permission for it.  If you are
	       running X under xdm on the console screen you may need to  have
	       the  session  startup  and reset	programs explicitly change the
	       ownership of the	console	device in order	to get this option  to
	       work.

       -Sccn   This  option  allows  xterm  to	be used	as an input and	output
	       channel for an existing program and is sometimes	used  in  spe-
	       cialized	applications.  The option value	specifies the last few
	       letters of the name of a	pseudo-terminal	to use in slave	 mode,
	       plus  the  number of the	inherited file descriptor.  If the op-
	       tion contains a ``/'' character,	that delimits  the  characters
	       used  for  the  pseudo-terminal	name from the file descriptor.
	       Otherwise, exactly two characters are used from the option  for
	       the pseudo-terminal name, the remainder is the file descriptor.
	       Examples:
		      -S123/45
		      -Sab34

       The following command line arguments  are  provided  for	 compatibility
       with  older versions.  They may not be supported	in the next release as
       the X Toolkit provides standard options that accomplish the same	task.

       %geom   This option specifies the preferred size	and  position  of  the
	       Tektronix window.  It is	shorthand for specifying the ``*tekGe-
	       ometry''	resource.

	#geom  This option specifies the preferred position of the  icon  win-
	       dow.   It is shorthand for specifying the ``*iconGeometry'' re-
	       source.

       -T string
	       This option specifies the title for  xterm's  windows.	It  is
	       equivalent to -title.

       -n string
	       This option specifies the icon name for xterm's windows.	 It is
	       shorthand for specifying	the ``*iconName'' resource.  Note that
	       this  is	 not the same as the toolkit option -name (see below).
	       The default icon	name is	the application	name.

       -r      This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	 the  foreground and background	colors.	 It is equiva-
	       lent to -rv.

       -w number
	       This option specifies the width in pixels of  the  border  sur-
	       rounding	the window.  It	is equivalent to -borderwidth or -bw.

       The  following  standard	 X Toolkit command line	arguments are commonly
       used with xterm:

       -bd color
	       This option specifies the color to use for the  border  of  the
	       window.	The default is ``black.''

       -bg color
	       This  option  specifies	the color to use for the background of
	       the window.  The	default	is ``white.''

       -bw number
	       This option specifies the width in pixels of  the  border  sur-
	       rounding	the window.

       -display	display
	       This option specifies the X server to contact; see X(7).

       -fg color
	       This  option  specifies	the  color to use for displaying text.
	       The default is ``black.''

       -fn font
	       This option specifies the font to be used for displaying	normal
	       text.  The default is fixed.

       -geometry geometry
	       This  option  specifies	the preferred size and position	of the
	       VT102 window; see X(7).

       -iconic This option indicates that xterm	should ask the window  manager
	       to start	it as an icon rather than as the normal	window.

       -name name
	       This  option  specifies	the  application  name under which re-
	       sources are to be obtained, rather than the default  executable
	       file name.  Name	should not contain ``.'' or ``*'' characters.

       -rv     This option indicates that reverse video	should be simulated by
	       swapping	the foreground and background colors.

       +rv     Disable the simulation of reverse video by swapping  foreground
	       and background colors.

       -title string
	       This  option  specifies	the  window title string, which	may be
	       displayed by window managers if the user	so chooses.   The  de-
	       fault  title is the command line	specified after	the -e option,
	       if any, otherwise the application name.

       -xrm resourcestring
	       This option specifies a resource	string to be  used.   This  is
	       especially  useful for setting resources	that do	not have sepa-
	       rate command line options.

RESOURCES
       The program understands all of the core X Toolkit  resource  names  and
       classes as well as:

       backarrowKeyIsErase (class BackarrowKeyIsErase)
	       Tie  the	 VTxxx	backarrowKey and ptyInitialErase resources to-
	       gether by setting the DECBKM state  according  to  whether  the
	       initial	value of stty erase is a backspace (8) or delete (127)
	       character.  The default is ``false'', which disables this  fea-
	       ture.

       hold (class Hold)
	       If true,	xterm will not immediately destroy its window when the
	       shell command completes.	 It will wait until you	use the	window
	       manager	to destroy/kill	the window, or if you use the menu en-
	       tries that send a signal, e.g., HUP or KILL.   You  may	scroll
	       back,  select text, etc., to perform most graphical operations.
	       Resizing	the display will lose data, however,  since  this  in-
	       volves interaction with the shell which is no longer running.

       hpFunctionKeys (class HpFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies whether or not	HP Function Key	escape codes should be
	       generated for function keys  instead  of	 standard  escape  se-
	       quences.

       iconGeometry (class IconGeometry)
	       Specifies  the  preferred  size and position of the application
	       when iconified.	It is not necessarily  obeyed  by  all	window
	       managers.

       iconName	(class IconName)
	       Specifies the icon name.	 The default is	the application	name.

       messages	(class Messages)
	       Specifies  whether write	access to the terminal is allowed ini-
	       tially.	See mesg(1).  The default is ``true''.

       ptyInitialErase (class PtyInitialErase)
	       If ``true'', xterm will use the pseudo-terminal's sense of  the
	       stty  erase value.  If ``false'', xterm will set	the stty erase
	       value to	match its own configuration, using the kb string  from
	       the  termcap  entry  as	a  reference, if available.  In	either
	       case, the result	is applied to the TERMCAP variable which xterm
	       sets.  The default is ``false''.

       sameName	(class SameName)
	       If  the value of	this resource is ``true'', xterm does not send
	       title and icon name change requests when	the request would have
	       no  effect: the name is not changed.  This has the advantage of
	       preventing flicker and the disadvantage of requiring  an	 extra
	       round  trip  to	the server to find out the previous value.  In
	       practice	this should  never  be	a  problem.   The  default  is
	       ``true''.

       sessionMgt (class SessionMgt)
	       If  the	value of this resource is ``true'', xterm sets up ses-
	       sion manager callbacks for XtNdieCallback and  XtNsaveCallback.
	       The default is ``true''.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SunFunctionKeys)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun Function Key escape codes	should
	       be generated for	function keys instead of standard  escape  se-
	       quences.

       sunKeyboard (class SunKeyboard)
	       Specifies  whether  or not Sun/PC keyboard layout should	be as-
	       sumed rather than DEC VT220.  This causes the keypad `+'	to  be
	       mapped  to  `,'.	  and CTRL F1-F12 to F11-F20, depending	on the
	       setting of the ctrlFKeys	resource.  so  xterm  emulates	a  DEC
	       VT220  more  accurately.	  Otherwise (the default, with sunKey-
	       board set to ``false''),	xterm uses PC-style bindings  for  the
	       function	keys and keypad.

       termName	(class TermName)
	       Specifies the terminal type name	to be set in the TERM environ-
	       ment variable.

       title (class Title)
	       Specifies a string that may be used by the window manager  when
	       displaying this application.

       ttyModes	(class TtyModes)
	       Specifies a string containing terminal setting keywords and the
	       characters to which they	may be bound.  Allowable keywords  in-
	       clude:  intr,  quit, erase, kill, eof, eol, swtch, start, stop,
	       brk, susp, dsusp, rprnt,	flush, weras, lnext and	status.	  Con-
	       trol  characters	may be specified as ^char (e.g., ^c or ^u) and
	       ^? may be used to indicate delete (127).	 Use ^-	to denote  un-
	       def.  Use \034 to represent ^\, since a literal backslash in an
	       X resource escapes the next character.

	       This is very useful for overriding the  default	terminal  set-
	       tings  without  having  to  do  an  stty	every time an xterm is
	       started.	 Note, however,	that the stty program on a given  host
	       may use different keywords; xterm's table is builtin.

       useInsertMode (class UseInsertMode)
	       Force  use  of insert mode by adding appropriate	entries	to the
	       TERMCAP environment variable.  This is  useful  if  the	system
	       termcap is broken.  The default is ``false.''

       utmpInhibit (class UtmpInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether or not xterm should try to record the	user's
	       terminal	in the system utmp log file.

       waitForMap (class WaitForMap)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should wait for the initial win-
	       dow  map	 before	 starting  the	subprocess.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       zIconBeep (class	ZIconBeep)
	       Same as -ziconbeep command line argument.  If the value of this
	       resource	 is  non-zero, xterms that produce output while	iconi-
	       fied will cause an XBell	sound at the  given  volume  and  have
	       "***"  prepended	 to  their  icon titles.  Most window managers
	       will detect this	change immediately, showing you	 which	window
	       has the output.	(A similar feature was in x10 xterm.)

       The  following  resources  are  specified  as  part of the vt100	widget
       (class VT100):

       activeIcon (class ActiveIcon)
	       Specifies whether or not	active icon windows  are  to  be  used
	       when the	xterm window is	iconified, if this feature is compiled
	       into xterm.  The	active icon is a miniature  representation  of
	       the  content  of	 the  window  and  will	 update	as the content
	       changes.	 Not all window	managers necessarily support  applica-
	       tion  icon windows.  Some window	managers will allow you	to en-
	       ter keystrokes into the active icon  window.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       allowSendEvents (class AllowSendEvents)
	       Specifies  whether or not synthetic key and button events (gen-
	       erated using the	X protocol SendEvent request) should be	inter-
	       preted or discarded.  The default is ``false'' meaning they are
	       discarded.  Note	that allowing such events creates a very large
	       security	hole.

       allowWindowOps (class AllowWindowOps)
	       Specifies whether extended window control sequences (as used in
	       dtterm) for should be allowed.

       answerbackString	(class AnswerbackString)
	       Specifies the string that xterm sends in	 response  to  an  ENQ
	       (control/E)  character  from  the host.	The default is a blank
	       string, i.e., ``''.  A hardware VT100 implements	 this  feature
	       as a setup option.

       alwaysHighlight (class AlwaysHighlight)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not xterm should	always display a high-
	       lighted text cursor.  By	default, a hollow text cursor is  dis-
	       played whenever the pointer moves out of	the window or the win-
	       dow loses the input focus.

       alwaysUseMods (class AlwaysUseMods)
	       Override	the numLock resource, telling xterm to use the Alt and
	       Meta  modifiers as to construct parameters for function key se-
	       quences even if those modifiers appear in the translations  re-
	       source.

       appcursorDefault	(class AppcursorDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	cursor keys are	initially in application mode.
	       The default is ``false.''

       appkeypadDefault	(class AppkeypadDefault)
	       If ``true,'' the	keypad keys are	initially in application mode.
	       The default is ``false.''

       autoWrap	(class AutoWrap)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  auto-wraparound should be enabled.
	       The default is ``true.''

       awaitInput (class AwaitInput)
	       Specifies whether or not	the xterm uses a 50 millisecond	 time-
	       out  to	await  input (i.e., to support the Xaw3d arrow scroll-
	       bar).  The default is ``false.''

       backarrowKey (class BackarrowKey)
	       Specifies whether the backarrow key transmits a	backspace  (8)
	       or delete (127) character.  This	corresponds to the DECBKM con-
	       trol sequence.  The default (backspace) is ``true.''   Pressing
	       the control key toggles this behavior.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies  the  color  to use for the background	of the window.
	       The default is ``white.''

       bellSuppressTime	(class BellSuppressTime)
	       Number of milliseconds after a  bell  command  is  sent	during
	       which additional	bells will be suppressed.  Default is 200.  If
	       set non-zero, additional	bells will also	 be  suppressed	 until
	       the  server  reports that processing of the first bell has been
	       completed; this feature is most useful with the visible bell.

       boldColors (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether to combine bold attribute  with  colors  like
	       the  IBM	 PC,  i.e., map	colors 0 through 7 to colors 8 through
	       15.  These normally are the brighter versions of	 the  first  8
	       colors, hence bold.  The	default	is ``true.''

       boldFont	(class BoldFont)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the bold font to use instead of over-
	       striking.

       boldMode	(class BoldMode)
	       This specifies whether or not  text  with  the  bold  attribute
	       should  be  overstruck  to  simulate bold fonts if the resolved
	       bold font is the	same as	the normal font.  It may be  desirable
	       to disable bold fonts when color	is being used for the bold at-
	       tribute.	 Note that xterm has one bold font which you  may  set
	       explicitly.   It	 attempts  to  match a bold font for the other
	       font selections (font1 through font6).  If the normal and  bold
	       fonts are distinct, this	resource has no	effect.

       brokenSelections	(class BrokenSelections)
	       If  true,  xterm	in 8-bit mode will interpret STRING selections
	       as carrying text	in the current	locale's  encoding.   Normally
	       STRING  selections carry	ISO-8859-1 encoded text.  Setting this
	       resource	to ``true'' violates the ICCCM;	it  may,  however,  be
	       useful for interacting with some	broken X clients.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       c132 (class C132)
	       Specifies whether or not	 the  VT102  DECCOLM  escape  sequence
	       should be honored.  The default is ``false.''

       cutNewline (class CutNewline)
	       If ``false'', triple clicking to	select a line does not include
	       the Newline at the end of the line.  If ``true'',  the  Newline
	       is selected.  The default is ``true.''

       cutToBeginningOfLine (class CutToBeginningOfLine)
	       If  ``false'',  triple  clicking	 to select a line selects only
	       from the	current	word forward.  If ``true'', the	entire line is
	       selected.  The default is ``true.''

       cacheDoublesize (class CacheDoublesize)
	       Specifies  the  maximum	number of double-sized fonts which are
	       cached by xterm.	 The default (8) may be	too large for  some  X
	       terminals  with	limited	 memory.   Set this to zero to disable
	       doublesize fonts	altogether.

       charClass (class	CharClass)
	       Specifies comma-separated lists of character class bindings  of
	       the form	[low-]high:value.  These are used in determining which
	       sets of characters should be treated the	same  when  doing  cut
	       and paste.  See the section on specifying character classes.

       cjkWidth	(class CjkWidth)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should  follow  the traditional East
	       Asian width convention.	When turned on,	characters  with  East
	       Asian  Ambiguous	 (A) category in UTR 11	have a column width of
	       2.  You may have	to set this option to  ``true''	 if  you  have
	       some  old  East	Asian terminal based programs that assume that
	       line-drawing characters have a column width of 2.

       curses (class Curses)
	       Specifies whether or not	the last column	bug in more(1)	should
	       be worked around.  See the -cu option for details.  The default
	       is ``false.''

       colorAttrMode (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether ``colorBD'',  ``colorBL'',  ``colorUL'',  and
	       ``colorRV''  should  override  ANSI  colors.  If	not, these are
	       displayed only when no ANSI colors have been set	for the	corre-
	       sponding	position.  The default is ``false.''

       colorMode (class	ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  or not recognition of ANSI (ISO 6429) color
	       change escape sequences should  be  enabled.   The  default  is
	       ``true.''

       colorBDMode (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether characters with the bold attribute should be
	       displayed in color or as	bold characters.   Note	 that  setting
	       colorMode off disables all colors, including bold.

       colorBLMode (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether characters with the blink attribute should be
	       displayed in color.  Note that setting colorMode	 off  disables
	       all colors, including this.

       colorRVMode (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether characters with the reverse attribute	should
	       be displayed in color.  Note that setting  colorMode  off  dis-
	       ables all colors, including this.

       colorULMode (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies  whether  characters  with  the  underline  attribute
	       should be displayed in color or as underlined characters.  Note
	       that  setting  colorMode	off disables all colors, including un-
	       derlining.

       color0 (class Color0)

       color1 (class Color1)

       color2 (class Color2)

       color3 (class Color3)

       color4 (class Color4)

       color5 (class Color5)

       color6 (class Color6)

       color7 (class Color7)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO 6429 extension.   The  de-
	       faults  are, respectively, black, red3, green3, yellow3,	blue3,
	       magenta3, cyan3,	and gray90.  The default shades	of  color  are
	       chosen  to  allow  the  colors 8-15 to be used as brighter ver-
	       sions.

       color8 (class Color8)

       color9 (class Color9)

       color10 (class Color10)

       color11 (class Color11)

       color12 (class Color12)

       color13 (class Color13)

       color14 (class Color14)

       color15 (class Color15)
	       These specify the colors	for the	ISO 6429 extension if the bold
	       attribute  is  also  enabled.  The default resource values are,
	       respectively, gray30, red, green, yellow, blue, magenta,	 cyan,
	       and white.

       color16 (class Color16)

       through

       color255	(class Color255)
	       These  specify the colors for the 256-color extension.  The de-
	       fault resource values are for colors 16 through 231 to  make  a
	       6x6x6  color  cube,  and	 colors	 232  through  255  to	make a
	       grayscale ramp.

       colorBD (class ColorBD)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display bold	characters  if
	       the ``colorBDMode'' resource is enabled.

       colorBL (class ColorBL)
	       This  specifies the color to use	to display blink characters if
	       the ``colorBLMode'' resource is enabled.

       colorRV (class ColorRV)
	       This specifies the color	to use to display  reverse  characters
	       if the ``colorRVMode'' resource is enabled.

       colorUL (class ColorUL)
	       This  specifies	the color to use to display underlined charac-
	       ters if the ``colorULMode'' resource is enabled.

       ctrlFKeys (class	CtrlFKeys)
	       In VT220	keyboard mode (see  sunKeyboard	 resource),  specifies
	       the  amount  by	which to shift F1-F12 given a control modifier
	       (CTRL).	This allows you	to generate key	symbols	for F10-F20 on
	       a  Sun/PC  keyboard.   The  default is ``10'', which means that
	       CTRL F1 generates the key symbol	for F11.

       cursorBlink (class CursorBlink)
	       Specifies whether to make the cursor  blink.   The  default  is
	       ``false.''

       cursorColor (class CursorColor)
	       Specifies the color to use for the text cursor.	The default is
	       ``black.''

       cursorOffTime (class CursorOffTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "off" part	of  the	 cursor	 blink
	       cycle-time in milliseconds.  The	default	is 300.

       cursorOnTime (class CursorOnTime)
	       Specifies the duration of the "on" part of the cursor blink cy-
	       cle-time, in milliseconds.  The default is 600.

       highlightColor (class HighlightColor)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background  of  selected  or
	       otherwise highlighted text.  If not specified, reverse video is
	       used.

       decTerminalID (class DecTerminalID)
	       Specifies the emulation	level  (100=VT100,  220=VT220,	etc.),
	       used  to	 determine  the	 type  of response to a	DA control se-
	       quence.	The default is 100.

       deleteIsDEL (class DeleteIsDEL)
	       Specifies whether the Delete key	on the editing	keypad	should
	       send  DEL (127) or the VT220-style Remove escape	sequence.  The
	       default is ``false,'' for the latter.

       dynamicColors (class DynamicColors)
	       Specifies whether or not	escape sequences to change colors  as-
	       signed to different attributes are recognized.

       eightBitControl (class EightBitControl)
	       Specifies whether or not	control	sequences sent by the terminal
	       should be eight-bit characters or escape	 sequences.   The  de-
	       fault is	``false.''

       eightBitInput (class EightBitInput)
	       If  ``true'',  Meta characters input from the keyboard are pre-
	       sented as a single character with the  eighth  bit  turned  on.
	       The  terminal is	put into 8-bit mode.  If ``false'', Meta char-
	       acters are converted into a  two-character  sequence  with  the
	       character  itself  preceded  by	ESC.  The terminal is put into
	       7-bit mode.  The	metaSendsEscape	resource  may  override	 this.
	       The default is ``true.''

       eightBitOutput (class EightBitOutput)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  eight-bit characters sent from the
	       host should be accepted as is or	stripped  when	printed.   The
	       default is ``true,'' which means	that they are accepted as is.

       faceName	(class FaceName)
	       Specify	the  pattern  for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that  library  was	compiled  into	xterm.
	       There is	no default.  If	not specified, or if there is no match
	       for both	normal and bold	fonts, xterm uses the font and related
	       resources.

       faceSize	(class FaceSize)
	       Specify	the pointsize for fonts	selected from the FreeType li-
	       brary if	support	for that library was compiled into xterm.  The
	       default is ``14.''

       font (class Font)
	       Specifies  the  name  of	 the  normal  font.   The  default  is
	       ``fixed.''

       font1 (class Font1)
	       Specifies the name of the first alternative font.

       font2 (class Font2)
	       Specifies the name of the second	alternative font.

       font3 (class Font3)
	       Specifies the name of the third alternative font.

       font4 (class Font4)
	       Specifies the name of the fourth	alternative font.

       font5 (class Font5)
	       Specifies the name of the fifth alternative font.

       font6 (class Font6)
	       Specifies the name of the sixth alternative font.

       fontDoublesize (class FontDoublesize)
	       Specifies whether xterm should attempt to use font  scaling  to
	       draw  doublesize	characters.  Some older	font servers cannot do
	       this properly, will return misleading font  metrics.   The  de-
	       fault is	``true''.  If disabled,	xterm will simulate doublesize
	       characters by drawing normal  characters	 with  spaces  between
	       them.

       forceBoxChars (class Boolean)
	       Specifies whether xterm should assume the normal	and bold fonts
	       have VT100 line-drawing characters.  If ``false'',  xterm  will
	       check  for  missing characters in the 1-31 cells	and make line-
	       drawing characters directly.  The default is ``false.''

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for displaying text in  the  window.
	       Setting	the class name instead of the instance name is an easy
	       way to have everything that would normally appear in  the  text
	       color change color.  The	default	is ``black.''

       freeBoldBox (class Boolean)
	       Specifies  whether  xterm  should assume	the bounding boxes for
	       normal and bold fonts are compatible.  If ``false'', xterm com-
	       pares  them  and	 will reject choices of	bold fonts that	do not
	       match the size of the normal font.  The default	is  ``false'',
	       which means that	the comparison is performed.

       geometry	(class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	VT102 window.

       highlightSelection (class HighlightSelection)
	       If ``false'', selecting with the	mouse highlights all positions
	       on the screen between the beginning of the  selection  and  the
	       current position.  If ``true'', xterm highlights	only the posi-
	       tions that contain text that can	be selected.  The  default  is
	       ``false.''

	       Depending  on  the  way	your applications write	to the screen,
	       there may be trailing blanks on a line.	Xterm stores  data  as
	       it is shown on the screen.  Erasing the display changes the in-
	       ternal state of each cell so it is not considered a  blank  for
	       the  purpose of selection.  Blanks written since	the last erase
	       are selectable.	If you do not wish to have trailing blanks  in
	       a selection, use	the trimSelection resource.

       hpLowerleftBugCompat (class HpLowerleftBugCompat)
	       Specifies  whether  to work around a bug	in HP's	xdb, which ig-
	       nores termcap and always	sends ESC F to move to the lower  left
	       corner.	 ``true'' causes xterm to interpret ESC	F as a request
	       to move to the lower left corner	of the screen.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       i18nSelections (class I18nSelections)
	       If false, xterm will never request the targets COMPOUND_TEXT or
	       TEXT.  The default is ``true.'' It may be set to	false in order
	       to work around ICCCM violations by other	X clients.

       iconBorderColor (class BorderColor)
	       Specifies  the  border color for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	Not all	window	managers  will
	       make the	icon border visible.

       iconBorderWidth (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies  the  border width for	the active icon	window if this
	       feature is compiled into	xterm.	The default is 0 (no  border).
	       Not all window managers will make the border visible.

       iconFont	(class IconFont)
	       Specifies  the  font  for  the miniature	active icon window, if
	       this feature is compiled	into xterm.  The default is "nil2".

       internalBorder (class BorderWidth)
	       Specifies the number of pixels between the characters  and  the
	       window border.  The default is 2.

       jumpScroll (class JumpScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  or not jump scroll should be	used.  The de-
	       fault is	``true.''

       keyboardDialect (class KeyboardDialect)
	       Specifies the initial keyboard dialect, as well as the  default
	       value  when the terminal	is reset.  The value given is the same
	       as the final character in the control  sequences	 which	change
	       character  sets.	 The default is	``B'', which corresponds to US
	       ASCII.

       limitResize (class LimitResize)
	       Limits resizing of the screen via control sequence to  a	 given
	       multiple	of the display dimensions.  The	default	is ``1''.

       locale (class Locale)
	       Specifies  how to use luit, an encoding converter between UTF-8
	       and locale encodings.  If this is ``true'', xterm will use  the
	       encoding	specified by the users'	LC_CTYPE locale	(i.e., LC_ALL,
	       LC_CTYPE, or LANG variables) as far as possible.	 This is real-
	       ized  by	 always	 enabling UTF-8	mode and invoking luit in non-
	       UTF-8 locales.  If this is ``medium'', xterm will follow	users'
	       LC_CTYPE	 locale	 only for UTF-8, east Asian, and Thai locales,
	       where the encodings were	not  supported	by  conventional  8bit
	       mode  with  changing  fonts.  For other locales,	xterm will use
	       conventional 8bit mode.	If this	is ``no'', xterm will use con-
	       ventional 8bit mode or UTF-8 mode according to utf8 resource or
	       -u8  option.   Any  other   value   such	  as   ``UTF-8''   and
	       ``ISO8859-2'' will be assumed to	be an encoding name; luit will
	       be invoked to support the encoding.  The	actual	list  of  sup-
	       ported encodings	depends	on luit.  The default is ``medium''.

       localeFilter (class LocaleFilter)
	       Specifies  the file name	for the	encoding converter from/to lo-
	       cale encodings and UTF-8	which is used with the -lc  option  or
	       locale  resource.   The	help  message shown by ``xterm -help''
	       lists the default value,	which depends on your system  configu-
	       ration.

       loginShell (class LoginShell)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	 shell to be run in the	window
	       should be started as a login shell.  The	default	is ``false.''

       marginBell (class MarginBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	the bell should	be run when  the  user
	       types near the right margin.  The default is ``false.''

       metaSendsEscape (class MetaSendsEscape)
	       If ``true'', Meta characters are	converted into a two-character
	       sequence	with the character itself preceded by ESC.   This  ap-
	       plies  as  well to function key control sequences, unless xterm
	       sees that Meta is used in your key translations.	 If ``false'',
	       Meta  characters	 input from the	keyboard are handled according
	       to the eightBitInput resource.  The default is ``false.''

       modifyCursorKeys	(class ModifyCursorKeys)
	       Tells how to handle the special case  where  control-,  shift-,
	       alt-  or	 meta-modifiers	are used to add	a parameter to the es-
	       cape sequence returned by a cursor-key.	Set it to 0 to use the
	       old/obsolete  behavior.	 Set  it  to  1	to prefix modified se-
	       quences with CSI.  Set it to 2 to force the modifier to be  the
	       second  parameter.  Set it to 3 to mark the sequence with a '>'
	       to hint that it is private.  The	default	is ``2''.

       multiClickTime (class MultiClickTime)
	       Specifies the maximum time in milliseconds between  multi-click
	       select events.  The default is 250 milliseconds.

       multiScroll (class MultiScroll)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  scrolling  should  be  done	 asyn-
	       chronously.  The	default	is ``false.''

       nMarginBell (class Column)
	       Specifies the number of characters from	the  right  margin  at
	       which the margin	bell should be rung, when enabled.

       numLock (class NumLock)
	       If ``true'', xterm checks if NumLock is used as a modifier (see
	       xmodmap(1)).  If	so, this modifier  is  used  to	 simplify  the
	       logic when implementing special NumLock for the sunKeyboard re-
	       source.	Also (when sunKeyboard is  false),  similar  logic  is
	       used  to	 find  the modifier associated with the	left and right
	       Alt keys.  The default is ``true.''

       oldXtermFKeys (class OldXtermFKeys)
	       If ``true'', xterm will use  old-style  control	sequences  for
	       function	 keys  F1  to  F4, for compatibility with X Consortium
	       xterm.  Otherwise, it uses the VT100-style  codes  for  PF1  to
	       PF4.  The default is ``false.''

       pointerColor (class PointerColor)
	       Specifies  the foreground color of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``XtDefaultForeground.''

       pointerColorBackground (class PointerColorBackground)
	       Specifies the background	color of the pointer.  The default  is
	       ``XtDefaultBackground.''

       pointerShape (class Cursor)
	       Specifies the name of the shape of the pointer.	The default is
	       ``xterm.''

       popOnBell (class	PopOnBell)
	       Specifies whether the window whould be raised when Control-G is
	       received.  The default is ``false.''

       printAttributes (class PrintAttributes)
	       Specifies  whether  to  print graphic attributes	along with the
	       text.  A	real DEC VTxxx	terminal  will	print  the  underline,
	       highlighting  codes  but	 your printer may not handle these.  A
	       ``0'' disables the attributes.  A ``1'' prints the  normal  set
	       of   attributes	 (bold,	  underline,  inverse  and  blink)  as
	       VT100-style control sequences.  A ``2'' prints ANSI  color  at-
	       tributes	as well.  The default is ``1.''

       printerAutoClose	(class PrinterAutoClose)
	       If ``true'', xterm will close the printer (a pipe) when the ap-
	       plication switches the printer offline with a Media  Copy  com-
	       mand.  The default is ``false.''

       printerCommand (class PrinterCommand)
	       Specifies  a shell command to which xterm will open a pipe when
	       the first MC (Media Copy) command is initiated.	The default is
	       ``lpr.''	 If the	resource value is given	as a blank string, the
	       printer is disabled.

       printerControlMode (class PrinterControlMode)
	       Specifies the printer control mode.  A ``1'' selects  autoprint
	       mode,  which  causes xterm to print a line from the screen when
	       you move	the cursor off that line with a	line feed,  form  feed
	       or  vertical  tab  character, or	an autowrap occurs.  Autoprint
	       mode is overridden by printer controller	mode (a	``2''),	 which
	       causes  all  of	the output to be directed to the printer.  The
	       default is ``0.''

       printerExtent (class PrinterExtent)
	       Controls	whether	a print	page function will  print  the	entire
	       page  (true), or	only the the portion within the	scrolling mar-
	       gins (false).  The default is ``false.''

       printerFormFeed (class PrinterFormFeed)
	       Controls	whether	a form feed is sent to the printer at the  end
	       of a print page function.  The default is ``false.''

       resizeGravity (class ResizeGravity)
	       Affects the behavior when the window is resized to be taller or
	       shorter.	 NorthWest specifies that the top line of text on  the
	       screen  stay  fixed.   If the window is made shorter, lines are
	       dropped from the	bottom;	if the window is  made	taller,	 blank
	       lines are added at the bottom.  This is compatible with the be-
	       havior in R4.  SouthWest	(the default) specifies	that the  bot-
	       tom  line  of  text on the screen stay fixed.  If the window is
	       made taller, additional saved lines will	be scrolled down  onto
	       the  screen;  if	 the  window  is  made	shorter, lines will be
	       scrolled	off the	top of the screen, and	the  top  saved	 lines
	       will be dropped.

       reverseVideo (class ReverseVideo)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  reverse video should be simulated.
	       The default is ``false.''

       reverseWrap (class ReverseWrap)
	       Specifies whether or not	reverse-wraparound should be  enabled.
	       The default is ``false.''

       rightScrollBar (class RightScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or not the scrollbar	should be displayed on
	       the right rather	than the left.	The default is ``false.''

       saveLines (class	SaveLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines to	save beyond  the  top  of  the
	       screen when a scrollbar is turned on.  The default is 64.

       scrollBar (class	ScrollBar)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not  the	scrollbar should be displayed.
	       The default is ``false.''

       scrollKey (class	ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	pressing a  key	 should	 automatically
	       cause  the  scrollbar  to go to the bottom of the scrolling re-
	       gion.  The default is ``false.''

       scrollLines (class ScrollLines)
	       Specifies the number of lines that the scroll-back and  scroll-
	       forw actions should use as a default.  The default value	is 1.

       scrollTtyOutput (class ScrollCond)
	       Specifies whether or not	output to the terminal should automat-
	       ically cause the	scrollbar to go	to the bottom of the scrolling
	       region.	The default is ``true.''

       shiftFonts (class ShiftFonts)
	       Specifies  whether  to  enable the actions larger-vt-font() and
	       smaller-vt-font(), which	are  normally  bound  to  the  shifted
	       KP_Add and KP_Subtract.	The default is ``true.''

       signalInhibit (class SignalInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether  or  not the entries in the ``Main Options''
	       menu for	sending	signals	to xterm should	 be  disallowed.   The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekGeometry (class Geometry)
	       Specifies the preferred size and	position of the	Tektronix win-
	       dow.

       tekInhibit (class TekInhibit)
	       Specifies whether or not	the escape sequence to enter Tektronix
	       mode should be ignored.	The default is ``false.''

       tekSmall	(class TekSmall)
	       Specifies whether or not	the Tektronix mode window should start
	       in its smallest size if no explicit geometry is given.  This is
	       useful  when running xterm on displays with small screens.  The
	       default is ``false.''

       tekStartup (class TekStartup)
	       Specifies whether or not	xterm should  start  up	 in  Tektronix
	       mode.  The default is ``false.''

       titeInhibit (class TiteInhibit)
	       Specifies  whether or not xterm should remove ti	and te termcap
	       entries (used to	switch between alternate screens on startup of
	       many  screen-oriented  programs)	 from  the TERMCAP string.  If
	       set, xterm also ignores the escape sequence to  switch  to  the
	       alternate  screen.  Xterm supports terminfo in a	different way,
	       supporting composite control sequences (also known  as  private
	       modes)  1047,  1048  and	1049 which have	the same effect	as the
	       original	47 control sequence.

       tiXtraScroll (class TiXtraScroll)
	       Specifies whether xterm should scroll to	a new page  when  pro-
	       cessing	the ti termcap entry, i.e., the	private	modes 47, 1047
	       or 1049.	 This is only in effect	if  titeInhibit	 is  ``true'',
	       because	the  intent  of	this option is to provide a picture of
	       the full-screen application's display on	the scrollback without
	       wiping  out the text that would be shown	before the application
	       was initialized.	 The default for this resource is ``false.''

       translations (class Translations)
	       Specifies the key and button bindings  for  menus,  selections,
	       ``programmed strings,'' etc.  See ACTIONS below.

       trimSelection (class TrimSelection)
	       If  you	set  highlightSelection, you can see the text which is
	       selected, including any trailing	spaces.	 Clearing  the	screen
	       (or  a  line)  resets it	to a state containing no spaces.  Some
	       lines may contain trailing spaces when  an  application	writes
	       them  to	 the screen.  However, you may not wish	to paste lines
	       with trailing spaces.  If this resource	is  true,  xterm  will
	       trim  trailing spaces from text which is	selected.  It does not
	       affect spaces which result in a wrapped line, nor will it  trim
	       the  trailing  newline  from  your  selection.	The default is
	       ``false.''

       underLine (class	UnderLine)
	       This specifies whether or not text with the underline attribute
	       should be underlined.  It may be	desirable to disable underlin-
	       ing when	color is being used for	the underline attribute.

       utf8 (class Utf8)
	       This specifies whether xterm will run in	UTF-8  mode.   If  you
	       set  this resource, xterm also sets the wideChars resource as a
	       side-effect.  When set via a resource, xterm cannot be switched
	       via  control sequences out of UTF-8 mode.  The default is ``0''
	       (off).  Any other value will turn on UTF-8 mode.	 See  the  lo-
	       cale resource for non-UTF-8 locales.

       veryBoldColors (class ColorMode)
	       Specifies whether to combine video attributes with colors spec-
	       ified by	colorBD, colorBL and colorUL.  The resource  value  is
	       the  sum	 of  values for	each attribute:	2 for underline, 4 for
	       bold and	8 for blink.  The default is ``0.''

       visualBell (class VisualBell)
	       Specifies whether or not	a visible bell (i.e., flashing)	should
	       be  used	instead	of an audible bell when	Control-G is received.
	       The default is ``false.''

       vt100Graphics (class VT100Graphics)
	       This specifies whether xterm will interpret VT100 graphic char-
	       acter  escape  sequences	 while	in UTF-8 mode.	The default is
	       ``true'', to provide support for	various	legacy applications.

       wideBoldFont (class WideBoldFont)
	       This option specifies the font to be used for  displaying  bold
	       wide  text.  By default,	it will	attempt	to use a font twice as
	       wide as the font	that will be used to draw bold	text.	If  no
	       doublewidth font	is found, it will improvise, by	stretching the
	       bold font.

       wideChars (class	WideChars)
	       Specifies if xterm should respond  to  control  sequences  that
	       process 16-bit characters.

       wideFont	(class WideFont)
	       This  option  specifies the font	to be used for displaying wide
	       text.  By default, it will attempt to use a font	twice as  wide
	       as  the font that will be used to draw normal text.  If no dou-
	       blewidth	font is	found, it will improvise,  by  stretching  the
	       normal font.

       ximFont (class XimFont)
	       This  option  specifies	the font to be used for	displaying the
	       preedit string in the "OverTheSpot" input method.

	       In "OverTheSpot"	 preedit  type,	 the  preedit  (preconversion)
	       string  is  displayed at	the position of	the cursor.  It	is the
	       XIM server's responsibility to display the preedit string.  The
	       XIM  client  must inform	the XIM	server of the cursor position.
	       For best	results, the preedit string must be displayed  with  a
	       proper  font.   Therefore,  xterm informs the XIM server	of the
	       proper font.  The font is be supplied by	a "fontset", whose de-
	       fault value is "*".  This matches every font, the X library au-
	       tomatically chooses fonts with proper  charsets.	  The  ximFont
	       resource	is provided to override	this default font setting.

       The  following  resources  are  specified as part of the	tek4014	widget
       (class Tek4014):

       font2 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 2 to use in the Tektronix window.

       font3 (class Font)
	       Specifies font number 3 to use in the Tektronix window.

       fontLarge (class	Font)
	       Specifies the large font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       fontSmall (class	Font)
	       Specifies the small font	to use in the Tektronix	window.

       ginTerminator (class GinTerminator)
	       Specifies what character(s) should follow a GIN report or  sta-
	       tus  report.   The  possibilities  are ``none,''	which sends no
	       terminating  characters,	 ``CRonly,''  which  sends   CR,   and
	       ``CR&EOT,''  which  sends  both	CR  and	 EOT.	The default is
	       ``none.''

       height (class Height)
	       Specifies the height of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       initialFont (class InitialFont)
	       Specifies which of the four Tektronix fonts to  use  initially.
	       Values  are  the	 same as for the set-tek-text action.  The de-
	       fault is	``large.''

       width (class Width)
	       Specifies the width of the Tektronix window in pixels.

       The resources that may be specified for the various menus are described
       in  the	documentation  for the Athena SimpleMenu widget.  The name and
       classes of the entries in each of the  menus  are  listed  below.   Re-
       sources	named  "lineN"	where  N is a number are separators with class
       SmeLine.

       The mainMenu has	the following entries:

       securekbd (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the secure() action.

       allowsends (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the allow-send-events(toggle)	action.

       redraw (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the redraw() action.

       logging (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the logging(toggle) action.

       print (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print() action.

       print-redir (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the print-redir() action.

       8-bit-control (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-8-bit-control(toggle)	action.

       backarrow key (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-backarrow(toggle) action.

       num-lock	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-num-lock(toggle) action.

       meta-esc	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the meta-sends-escape(toggle)	action.

       delete-is-del (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the delete-is-del(toggle) action.

       oldFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the old-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       hpFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hp-function-keys(toggle) action.

       scoFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sco-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunFunctionKeys (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sun-function-keys(toggle)	action.

       sunKeyboard (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the sunKeyboard(toggle) action.

       suspend (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(tstp)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       continue	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(cont)	action on systems that
	       support job control.

       interrupt (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(int) action.

       hangup (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(hup) action.

       terminate (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(term)	action.

       kill (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the send-signal(kill)	action.

       quit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the quit() action.

       The vtMenu has the following entries:

       scrollbar (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scrollbar(toggle) action.

       jumpscroll (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-jumpscroll(toggle) action.

       reversevideo (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reverse-video(toggle)	action.

       autowrap	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autowrap(toggle) action.

       reversewrap (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-reversewrap(toggle) action.

       autolinefeed (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-autolinefeed(toggle) action.

       appcursor (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appcursor(toggle) action.

       appkeypad (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-appkeypad(toggle) action.

       scrollkey (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-key(toggle)	action.

       scrollttyoutput (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-scroll-on-tty-output(toggle) action.

       allow132	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-allow132(toggle) action.

       cursesemul (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursesemul(toggle) action.

       visualbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visualbell(toggle) action.

       poponbell (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-poponbell(toggle) action.

       marginbell (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-marginbell(toggle) action.

       cursorblink (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-cursorblink(toggle) action.

       titeInhibit (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-titeInhibit(toggle) action.

       activeicon (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry toggles active icons on and off if this feature  was
	       compiled	 into  xterm.  It is enabled only if xterm was started
	       with the	command	line option +ai	or the activeIcon resource  is
	       set to ``True.''

       softreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the soft-reset() action.

       hardreset (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the hard-reset() action.

       clearsavedlines (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the clear-saved-lines() action.

       tekshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       tekmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(tek) action.

       vthide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,off) action.

       altscreen (class	SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-altscreen(toggle) action.

       The fontMenu has	the following entries:

       fontdefault (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(d) action.

       font1 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(1) action.

       font2 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(2) action.

       font3 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(3) action.

       font4 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(4) action.

       font5 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(5) action.

       font6 (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(6) action.

       fontescape (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(e) action.

       fontsel (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-vt-font(s) action.

       font-linedrawing	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-linedrawing(s) action.

       font-doublesize (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-font-doublesize(s) action.

       The tekMenu has the following entries:

       tektextlarge (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(l) action.

       tektext2	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(2) action.

       tektext3	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(3) action.

       tektextsmall (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-tek-text(s) action.

       tekpage (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-page() action.

       tekreset	(class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-reset() action.

       tekcopy (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the tek-copy() action.

       vtshow (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(vt,toggle)	action.

       vtmode (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-terminal-type(vt) action.

       tekhide (class SmeBSB)
	       This entry invokes the set-visibility(tek,toggle) action.

       The  following  resources  are  useful  when  specified	for the	Athena
       Scrollbar widget:

       thickness (class	Thickness)
	       Specifies the width in pixels of	the scrollbar.

       background (class Background)
	       Specifies the color to use for the background of	the scrollbar.

       foreground (class Foreground)
	       Specifies the color to use for the foreground of	the scrollbar.
	       The ``thumb'' of	the scrollbar is a simple checkerboard pattern
	       alternating pixels for foreground and background	color.

POINTER	USAGE
       Once the	VT102 window is	created, xterm allows you to select  text  and
       copy it within the same or other	windows.

       The  selection  functions are invoked when the pointer buttons are used
       with no modifiers, and when they	are used with the ``shift'' key.   The
       assignment  of the functions described below to keys and	buttons	may be
       changed through the resource database; see ACTIONS below.

       Pointer button one (usually left) is used to save  text	into  the  cut
       buffer.	 Move  the  cursor to beginning	of the text, and then hold the
       button down while moving	the cursor to the end of the  region  and  re-
       leasing	the  button.  The selected text	is highlighted and is saved in
       the global cut buffer and made the PRIMARY selection when the button is
       released.   Double-clicking  selects by words.  Triple-clicking selects
       by lines.  Quadruple-clicking goes back to characters, etc.   Multiple-
       click  is  determined by	the time from button up	to button down,	so you
       can change the selection	unit in	the middle of  a  selection.   Logical
       words  and lines	selected by double- or triple-clicking may wrap	across
       more than one screen line if lines were wrapped by xterm	itself	rather
       than by the application running in the window.  If the key/button bind-
       ings specify that an X selection	is to be made, xterm  will  leave  the
       selected	text highlighted for as	long as	it is the selection owner.

       Pointer	button two (usually middle) `types' (pastes) the text from the
       PRIMARY selection, if any, otherwise from the cut buffer, inserting  it
       as keyboard input.

       Pointer	button	three  (usually	 right)	extends	the current selection.
       (Without	loss of	generality, you	can swap ``right'' and ``left''	every-
       where  in  the rest of this paragraph.)	If pressed while closer	to the
       right edge of the selection than	the  left,  it	extends/contracts  the
       right  edge  of	the selection.	If you contract	the selection past the
       left edge of the	selection, xterm assumes you  really  meant  the  left
       edge,  restores the original selection, then extends/contracts the left
       edge of the selection.  Extension starts	in  the	 selection  unit  mode
       that  the  last selection or extension was performed in;	you can	multi-
       ple-click to cycle through them.

       By cutting and pasting pieces of	text without trailing new  lines,  you
       can  take text from several places in different windows and form	a com-
       mand to the shell, for example, or take output from a program  and  in-
       sert  it	 into  your favorite editor.  Since the	cut buffer is globally
       shared among different applications, you	should regard it as  a	`file'
       whose contents you know.	 The terminal emulator and other text programs
       should be treating it as	if it were a text file,	i.e., the text is  de-
       limited by new lines.

       The  scroll  region  displays the position and amount of	text currently
       showing in the window (highlighted) relative to the amount of text  ac-
       tually  saved.	As more	text is	saved (up to the maximum), the size of
       the highlighted area decreases.

       Clicking	button one with	the pointer in the scroll region moves the ad-
       jacent line to the top of the display window.

       Clicking	 button	three moves the	top line of the	display	window down to
       the pointer position.

       Clicking	button two moves the display to	a position in the  saved  text
       that corresponds	to the pointer's position in the scrollbar.

       Unlike  the VT102 window, the Tektronix window does not allow the copy-
       ing of text.  It	does allow Tektronix GIN mode, and in  this  mode  the
       cursor  will  change  from  an arrow to a cross.	 Pressing any key will
       send that key and the current coordinate	of the cross cursor.  Pressing
       button  one,  two,  or three will return	the letters `l', `m', and `r',
       respectively.  If the `shift' key is pressed when a pointer  button  is
       pressed,	the corresponding upper	case letter is sent.  To distinguish a
       pointer button from a key, the high bit of the character	 is  set  (but
       this  is	 bit is	normally stripped unless the terminal mode is RAW; see
       tty(4) for details).

MENUS
       Xterm has four menus, named mainMenu, vtMenu,  fontMenu,	 and  tekMenu.
       Each  menu  pops	 up  under  the	correct	combinations of	key and	button
       presses.	 Most menus are	divided	into two section, separated by a hori-
       zontal  line.   The  top	portion	contains various modes that can	be al-
       tered.  A check mark appears next to a mode that	is  currently  active.
       Selecting  one of these modes toggles its state.	 The bottom portion of
       the menu	are command entries; selecting one of these performs the indi-
       cated function.

       The  xterm menu pops up when the	``control'' key	and pointer button one
       are pressed in a	window.	 The mainMenu contains	items  that  apply  to
       both  the  VT102	and Tektronix windows.	The Secure Keyboard mode is be
       used when typing	in passwords or	other sensitive	data  in  an  unsecure
       environment;  see  SECURITY below.  Notable entries in the command sec-
       tion of the menu	are the	Continue, Suspend, Interrupt,  Hangup,	Termi-
       nate and	Kill which sends the SIGCONT, SIGTSTP, SIGINT, SIGHUP, SIGTERM
       and SIGKILL signals, respectively, to the process group of the  process
       running	under xterm (usually the shell).  The Continue function	is es-
       pecially	useful if the user has accidentally typed  CTRL-Z,  suspending
       the process.

       The  vtMenu sets	various	modes in the VT102 emulation, and is popped up
       when the	``control'' key	and pointer button  two	 are  pressed  in  the
       VT102  window.  In the command section of this menu, the	soft reset en-
       try will	reset scroll regions.  This can	be convenient when  some  pro-
       gram  has left the scroll regions set incorrectly (often	a problem when
       using VMS or TOPS-20).  The full	reset entry will clear the screen, re-
       set  tabs to every eight	columns, and reset the terminal	modes (such as
       wrap and	smooth scroll) to their	initial	states just  after  xterm  has
       finished	processing the command line options.

       The  fontMenu  sets  the	font used in the VT102 window.	In addition to
       the default font	and a number of	alternatives that  are	set  with  re-
       sources,	the menu offers	the font last specified	by the Set Font	escape
       sequence	(see the document Xterm	Control	Sequences) and the current se-
       lection as a font name (if the PRIMARY selection	is owned).

       The  tekMenu  sets  various  modes  in  the Tektronix emulation,	and is
       popped up when the ``control'' key and pointer button two  are  pressed
       in the Tektronix	window.	 The current font size is checked in the modes
       section of the menu.  The PAGE entry in the command section clears  the
       Tektronix window.

SECURITY
       X  environments	differ in their	security consciousness.	 Most servers,
       run under xdm, are capable of using a  ``magic  cookie''	 authorization
       scheme that can provide a reasonable level of security for many people.
       If your server is only using a host-based mechanism to  control	access
       to  the server (see xhost(1)), then if you enable access	for a host and
       other users are also permitted to run clients on	that same host,	 there
       is  every possibility that someone can run an application that will use
       the basic services of the X protocol to snoop on	your  activities,  po-
       tentially  capturing  a	transcript  of everything you type at the key-
       board.  This is of particular concern when you want to type in a	 pass-
       word  or	other sensitive	data.  The best	solution to this problem is to
       use a better authorization mechanism that  host-based  control,	but  a
       simple mechanism	exists for protecting keyboard input in	xterm.

       The  xterm  menu	 (see  MENUS  above)  contains a Secure	Keyboard entry
       which, when enabled, ensures that all keyboard input is	directed  only
       to  xterm  (using the GrabKeyboard protocol request).  When an applica-
       tion prompts you	for a password (or other sensitive data), you can  en-
       able Secure Keyboard using the menu, type in the	data, and then disable
       Secure Keyboard using the menu again.  Only one X client	at a time  can
       secure  the  keyboard, so when you attempt to enable Secure Keyboard it
       may fail.  In this case,	the bell will sound.  If the  Secure  Keyboard
       succeeds, the foreground	and background colors will be exchanged	(as if
       you selected the	Reverse	Video entry in the Modes menu);	they  will  be
       exchanged  again	 when  you  exit  secure  mode.	  If the colors	do not
       switch, then you	should be very suspicious that you are being  spoofed.
       If  the application you are running displays a prompt before asking for
       the password, it	is safest to enter secure mode before the prompt  gets
       displayed,  and	to  make sure that the prompt gets displayed correctly
       (in the new colors), to minimize	the probability	of spoofing.  You  can
       also  bring  up	the menu again and make	sure that a check mark appears
       next to the entry.

       Secure Keyboard mode will be disabled automatically if your xterm  win-
       dow becomes iconified (or otherwise unmapped), or if you	start up a re-
       parenting window	manager	(that places a title bar or  other  decoration
       around  the  window) while in Secure Keyboard mode.  (This is a feature
       of the X	protocol not easily overcome.)	When this happens,  the	 fore-
       ground  and  background	colors will be switched	back and the bell will
       sound in	warning.

CHARACTER CLASSES
       Clicking	the middle mouse button	twice in rapid succession  will	 cause
       all  characters of the same class (e.g.,	letters, white space, punctua-
       tion) to	be selected.  Since different people  have  different  prefer-
       ences for what should be	selected (for example, should filenames	be se-
       lected as a whole or only the separate subnames), the  default  mapping
       can  be	overridden  through the	use of the charClass (class CharClass)
       resource.

       This resource is	a series of comma-separated of range:value pairs.  The
       range is	either a single	number or low-high in the range	of 0 to	65535,
       corresponding to	the code for the character or characters  to  be  set.
       The  value  is arbitrary, although the default table uses the character
       number of the first character occurring in the set.  When not in	 UTF-8
       mode, only the first 256	bytes of this table will be used.

       The default table starts	as follows -

	       static int charClass[256] = {

		   32,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	32,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		   32,	33,  34,  35,  36,  37,	 38,  39,

		   40,	41,  42,  43,  44,  45,	 46,  47,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  58,  59,  60,  61,	 62,  63,

		   64,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  91,  92,  93,	 94,  48,

		   96,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48, 123, 124, 125,	126,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		    1,	 1,   1,   1,	1,   1,	  1,   1,

		  160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165,	166, 167,

		  168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173,	174, 175,

		  176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181,	182, 183,

		  184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189,	190, 191,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 215,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48, 247,

		   48,	48,  48,  48,  48,  48,	 48,  48};

       For  example,  the string ``33:48,37:48,45-47:48,64:48''	indicates that
       the exclamation mark, percent sign, dash, period, slash,	and  ampersand
       characters  should  be  treated the same	way as characters and numbers.
       This is useful for cutting and pasting electronic mailing addresses and
       filenames.

ACTIONS
       It  is  possible	 to  rebind  keys  (or sequences of keys) to arbitrary
       strings for input, by  changing	the  translations  for	the  vt100  or
       tek4014	widgets.   Changing the	translations for events	other than key
       and button events is not	expected, and will cause unpredictable	behav-
       ior.   The following actions are	provided for using within the vt100 or
       tek4014 translations resources:

       allow-send-events(on/off/toggle)
	       This action set or toggles the allowSendEvents resource and  is
	       also invoked by the allowsends entry in mainMenu.

       bell([percent])
	       This action rings the keyboard bell at the specified percentage
	       above or	below the base volume.

       clear-saved-lines()
	       This action does	hard-reset() (see below) and also  clears  the
	       history	of  lines saved	off the	top of the screen.  It is also
	       invoked from the	clearsavedlines	entry in vtMenu.   The	effect
	       is identical to a hardware reset	(RIS) control sequence.

       create-menu(m/v/f/t)
	       This  action  creates one of the	menus used by xterm, if	it has
	       not been	previously created.  The parameter values are the menu
	       names: mainMenu,	vtMenu,	fontMenu, tekMenu, respectively.

       deiconify()
	       Changes the window state	back to	normal,	if it was iconified.

       delete-is-del()
	       This action toggles the state of	the deleteIsDEL	resource.

       dired-button()
	       Handles	a button event (other than press and release) by echo-
	       ing the event's position	(i.e., character line and  column)  in
	       the following format:

		       ^X ESC G	<line+'	'> <col+' '>

       iconify()
	       Iconifies the window.

       hard-reset()
	       This action resets the scrolling	region,	tabs, window size, and
	       cursor keys and clears the screen.  It is also invoked from the
	       hardreset entry in vtMenu.

       ignore()
	       This  action  ignores  the event	but checks for special pointer
	       position	escape sequences.

       insert()
	       This action inserts the character or string associated with the
	       key that	was pressed.

       insert-eight-bit()
	       This  action inserts an eight-bit (Meta)	version	of the charac-
	       ter or string associated	with the key that  was	pressed.   The
	       exact  action  depends  on the value of the metaSendsEscape and
	       the eightBitInput resources.

       insert-selection(sourcename [, ...])
	       This action inserts the string found in the selection  or  cut-
	       buffer indicated	by sourcename.	Sources	are checked in the or-
	       der given (case is significant) until one is found.   Commonly-
	       used  selections	 include:  PRIMARY,  SECONDARY,	and CLIPBOARD.
	       Cut buffers are typically named	CUT_BUFFER0  through  CUT_BUF-
	       FER7.

       insert-seven-bit()
	       This action is a	synonym	for insert()

       interpret(control-sequence)
	       Interpret  the  given  control  sequence	locally, i.e., without
	       passing it to the host.	This works by  inserting  the  control
	       sequence	 at  the front of the input buffer.  Use "\" to	escape
	       octal digits in the string.  Xt does not	allow  you  to	put  a
	       null character (i.e., "\000") in	the string.

       keymap(name)
	       This  action  dynamically defines a new translation table whose
	       resource	name is	name with the suffix Keymap (case is  signifi-
	       cant).  The name	None restores the original translation table.

       larger-vt-font()
	       Set  the	 font to the next larger one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       maximize()
	       Resizes the window to fill the screen.

       meta-sends-escape()
	       This action toggles the state of	the metaSendsEscape resource.

       popup-menu(menuname)
	       This action displays the	specified  popup  menu.	  Valid	 names
	       (case is	significant) include:  mainMenu, vtMenu, fontMenu, and
	       tekMenu.

       print() This action prints the window and is also invoked by the	 print
	       entry in	mainMenu.

       print-redir()
	       This  action  toggles  the  printerControlMode between 0	and 2.
	       The corresponding popup menu entry is useful for	switching  the
	       printer off if you happen to change your	mind after deciding to
	       print random binary files on the	terminal.

       quit()  This action sends a SIGHUP to the subprogram and	exits.	It  is
	       also invoked by the quit	entry in mainMenu.

       redraw()
	       This  action  redraws the window	and is also invoked by the re-
	       draw entry in mainMenu.

       restore()
	       Restores	the window to the size before it was last maximized.

       scroll-back(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This action scrolls the text window backward so that text  that
	       had  previously scrolled	off the	top of the screen is now visi-
	       ble.  The count argument	indicates the number of	 units	(which
	       may  be page, halfpage, pixel, or line) by which	to scroll.  If
	       the third parameter mouse is given, the action is ignored  when
	       mouse reporting is enabled.

       scroll-forw(count [,units [,mouse] ])
	       This  action  scrolls  is similar to scroll-back	except that it
	       scrolls the other direction.

       secure()
	       This action toggles the Secure Keyboard mode described  in  the
	       section named SECURITY, and is invoked from the securekbd entry
	       in mainMenu.

       select-cursor-end(destname [, ...])
	       This action is similar to select-end except that	it  should  be
	       used with select-cursor-start.

       select-cursor-start()
	       This  action  is	 similar to select-start except	that it	begins
	       the selection at	the current text cursor	position.

       select-end(destname [, ...])
	       This action puts	the currently selected text into  all  of  the
	       selections or cutbuffers	specified by destname.

       select-extend()
	       This  action  tracks the	pointer	and extends the	selection.  It
	       should only be bound to Motion events.

       select-set()
	       This action stores text that corresponds	to the current	selec-
	       tion, without affecting the selection mode.

       select-start()
	       This  action begins text	selection at the current pointer loca-
	       tion.  See the section on POINTER USAGE for information on mak-
	       ing selections.

       send-signal(signame)
	       This action sends the signal named by signame to	the xterm sub-
	       process (the shell or program specified	with  the  -e  command
	       line  option) and is also invoked by the	suspend, continue, in-
	       terrupt,	hangup,	terminate, and kill entries in mainMenu.   Al-
	       lowable	signal	names  are (case is not	significant): tstp (if
	       supported by the	operating system),  suspend  (same  as	tstp),
	       cont  (if  supported  by	the operating system), int, hup, term,
	       quit, alrm, alarm (same as alrm)	and kill.

       set-allow132(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the c132 resource and is also invoked  from
	       the allow132 entry in vtMenu.

       set-altscreen(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles between the alternate and current screens.

       set-appcursor(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the handling Application Cursor Key mode
	       and is also invoked by the appcursor entry in vtMenu.

       set-appkeypad(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the handling	of Application Keypad mode and
	       is also invoked by the appkeypad	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autolinefeed(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  automatic	 insertion of linefeeds	and is
	       also invoked by the autolinefeed	entry in vtMenu.

       set-autowrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles automatic wrapping of  long	lines  and  is
	       also invoked by the autowrap entry in vtMenu.

       set-backarrow(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles the backarrowKey resource and is also in-
	       voked from the backarrow	key entry in vtMenu.

       set-cursorblink(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the cursorBlink resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked from the cursorblink entry	in vtMenu.

       set-cursesemul(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  curses resource and is also invoked
	       from the	cursesemul entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-doublesize(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the fontDoublesize resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the font-doublesize entry in fontMenu.

       set-hp-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the hpFunctionKeys resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the hpFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-jumpscroll(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the jumpscroll resource and is also invoked
	       by the jumpscroll entry in vtMenu.

       set-font-linedrawing(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the  xterm's state regarding whether the
	       current font has	line-drawing characters	and whether it	should
	       draw them directly.  It is also invoked by the font-linedrawing
	       entry in	fontMenu.

       set-logging()
	       This action toggles the state of	the logging option.

       set-old-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the state of	legacy function	 keys  and  is
	       also invoked by the oldFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-marginbell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the marginBell resource and is also invoked
	       from the	marginbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-num-lock()
	       This action toggles the state of	the numLock resource.

       set-pop-on-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the popOnBell resource and is also  invoked
	       by the poponbell	entry in vtMenu.

       set-reverse-video(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles the reverseVideo resource and is also in-
	       voked by	the reversevideo entry in vtMenu.

       set-reversewrap(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the reverseWrap resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked by	the reversewrap	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-key(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	scrollKey resource and is also invoked
	       from the	scrollkey entry	in vtMenu.

       set-scroll-on-tty-output(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scrollTtyOutput resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked from the	scrollttyoutput	entry in vtMenu.

       set-scrollbar(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action toggles the	scrollbar resource and is also invoked
	       by the scrollbar	entry in vtMenu.

       set-sco-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the scoFunctionKeys resource	 and  is  also
	       invoked by the scoFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-function-keys(on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  toggles  the sunFunctionKeys resource and is also
	       invoked by the sunFunctionKeys entry in mainMenu.

       set-sun-keyboard(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the sunKeyboard resource and	 is  also  in-
	       voked by	the sunKeyboard	entry in mainMenu.

       set-tek-text(large/2/3/small)
	       This action sets	font used in the Tektronix window to the value
	       of the resources	tektextlarge,  tektext2,  tektext3,  and  tek-
	       textsmall according to the argument.  It	is also	by the entries
	       of the same names as the	resources in tekMenu.

       set-terminal-type(type)
	       This action directs output to either the	vt or tek windows, ac-
	       cording	to the type string.  It	is also	invoked	by the tekmode
	       entry in	vtMenu and the vtmode entry in tekMenu.

       set-titeInhibit(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the titeInhibit  resource,  which  controls
	       switching between the alternate and current screens.

       set-visibility(vt/tek,on/off/toggle)
	       This  action  controls whether or not the vt or tek windows are
	       visible.	 It is also invoked from the tekshow  and  vthide  en-
	       tries in	vtMenu and the vtshow and tekhide entries in tekMenu.

       set-visual-bell(on/off/toggle)
	       This action toggles the visualBell resource and is also invoked
	       by the visualbell entry in vtMenu.

       set-vt-font(d/1/2/3/4/5/6/e/s [,normalfont [, boldfont]])
	       This action sets	the font or fonts currently being used in  the
	       VT102  window.	The  first argument is a single	character that
	       specifies the font to be	used: d	or D indicate the default font
	       (the  font  initially used when xterm was started), 1 through 6
	       indicate	the fonts specified by the  font1  through  font6  re-
	       sources,	 e  or E indicate the normal, bold and wide fonts that
	       have been set through escape codes (or specified	as the second,
	       third  and  fourth  action arguments, respectively), and	s or S
	       indicate	the font  selection  (as  made	by  programs  such  as
	       xfontsel(1)) indicated by the second action argument.

       smaller-vt-font()
	       Set  the	font to	the next smaller one, based on the font	dimen-
	       sions.  See also	set-vt-font().

       soft-reset()
	       This action resets the scrolling	region	and  is	 also  invoked
	       from the	softreset entry	in vtMenu.  The	effect is identical to
	       a soft reset (DECSTR) control sequence.

       start-extend()
	       This action is similar to select-start except that  the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current pointer location.

       start-cursor-extend()
	       This  action is similar to select-extend	except that the	selec-
	       tion is extended	to the current text cursor position.

       string(string)
	       This action inserts the specified text string as	if it had been
	       typed.	Quotation  is  necessary if the	string contains	white-
	       space or	non-alphanumeric characters.  If the  string  argument
	       begins  with  the characters ``0x'', it is interpreted as a hex
	       character constant.

       tek-copy()
	       This action copies the escape codes used	to generate  the  cur-
	       rent  window contents to	a file in the current directory	begin-
	       ning with the name COPY.	 It is also invoked from  the  tekcopy
	       entry in	tekMenu.

       tek-page()
	       This  action clears the Tektronix window	and is also invoked by
	       the tekpage entry in tekMenu.

       tek-reset()
	       This action resets the Tektronix	window and is also invoked  by
	       the tekreset entry in tekMenu.

       vi-button()
	       Handles	a button event (other than press and release) by echo-
	       ing a control sequence computed from the	event's	line number in
	       the screen relative to the current line:

		       ESC ^P
	       or
		       ESC ^N

	       according  to whether the event is before, or after the current
	       line, respectively.  The	^N (or ^P) is repeated once  for  each
	       line that the event differs from	the current line.  The control
	       sequence	is omitted altogether if the button event  is  on  the
	       current line.

       visual-bell()
	       This action flashes the window quickly.

       The Tektronix window also has the following action:

       gin-press(l/L/m/M/r/R)
	       This action sends the indicated graphics	input code.

       The default bindings in the VT102 window	are:

		     Shift <KeyPress> Prior:scroll-back(1,halfpage) \n		 Shift <KeyPress> Next:scroll-forw(1,halfpage) \n	  Shift	<KeyPress> Select:select-cursor-start()					 select-cursor-end(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n	    Shift <KeyPress> Insert:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n	 Shift~Ctrl <KeyPress> KP_Add:larger-vt-font() \n    Shift Ctrl	<KeyPress> KP_Add:smaller-vt-font() \n	  Shift	<KeyPress> KP_Subtract:smaller-vt-font() \n		   ~Meta <KeyPress>:insert-seven-bit() \n		  Meta <KeyPress>:insert-eight-bit() \n		       !Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n		  !Lock	Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n	!Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n	    ! @Num_Lock	Ctrl <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n		       ~Meta <Btn1Down>:select-start() \n	       ~Meta <Btn1Motion>:select-extend() \n		    !Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu)	\n	     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n !Lock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n	   ! @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(vtMenu) \n	      ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Down>:ignore() \n		 Meta <Btn2Down>:clear-saved-lines() \n		   ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn2Up>:insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n		 !Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n	    !Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n !Lock	Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n     !	@Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn3Down>:popup-menu(fontMenu) \n	   ~Ctrl ~Meta <Btn3Down>:start-extend() \n		 ~Meta <Btn3Motion>:select-extend() \n		       Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n	       Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n  Lock @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m) \n	    @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn4Down>:scroll-back(1,halfpage,m)	\n			<Btn4Down>:scroll-back(5,line,m)     \n			Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n		Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n  Lock	@Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n	     @Num_Lock Ctrl <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(1,halfpage,m) \n			 <Btn5Down>:scroll-forw(5,line,m)     \n			 <BtnUp>:select-end(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0) \n			   <BtnDown>:bell(0)

       The default bindings in the Tektronix window are:

			   ~Meta<KeyPress>: insert-seven-bit() \n		  Meta<KeyPress>: insert-eight-bit() \n		      !Ctrl <Btn1Down>:	popup-menu(mainMenu) \n		 !Lock Ctrl <Btn1Down>:	popup-menu(mainMenu) \nLock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n	  !Ctrl	@Num_Lock <Btn1Down>:popup-menu(mainMenu) \n		   !Ctrl <Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu) \n	     !Lock Ctrl	<Btn2Down>: popup-menu(tekMenu)	\nLock Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n	    !Ctrl @Num_Lock <Btn2Down>:popup-menu(tekMenu) \n	       Shift ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(L) \n		    ~Meta<Btn1Down>:gin-press(l) \n	     Shift ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(M)	\n		  ~Meta<Btn2Down>:gin-press(m) \n	   Shift ~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(R) \n		~Meta<Btn3Down>:gin-press(r)

       Below  is  a  sample  how of the	keymap() action	is used	to add special
       keys for	entering commonly-typed	works:

	   *VT100.Translations:	#override <Key>F13: keymap(dbx)
	   *VT100.dbxKeymap.translations: <Key>F14:keymap(None)	\n<Key>F17:string("next") string(0x0d) \n<Key>F18:string("step") string(0x0d) \n<Key>F19:string("continue") string(0x0d) \n<Key>F20:string("print ") insert-selection(PRIMARY, CUT_BUFFER0)

CONTROL	SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD
       The Xterm Control Sequences document lists the control sequences	 which
       an  application	can  send xterm	to make	it perform various operations.
       Most of these operations	are standardized, from either the DEC or  Tek-
       tronix terminals, or from more widely used standards such as ISO	6429.

ENVIRONMENT
       Xterm  sets  the	environment variables ``TERM'' for the window you have
       created.	 It also uses and sets the environment variable	``DISPLAY'' to
       specify	which  bit map display terminal	to use.	 The environment vari-
       able ``WINDOWID'' is set	to the X window	id number of the xterm window.

       Depending on your system	configuration, xterm may also set the  follow-
       ing:

       COLUMNS
	    the	width of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty columns").

       HOME when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       LINES
	    the	height of the xterm in characters (cf: "stty rows").

       LOGNAME
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       SHELL
	    when xterm is configured to	update utmp.

       TERMCAP
	    the	 contents  of  the  termcap entry corresponding	to $TERM, with
	    lines and columns values substituted for the  actual  size	window
	    you	have created.

       TERMINFO
	    may	be defined to a	nonstandard location in	the configure script.

FILES
       The actual pathnames given may differ on	your system.

       /etc/utmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins.

       /etc/wtmp
	    the	system logfile,	which records user logins and logouts.

       /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm
	    the	xterm default application resources.

       /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/app-defaults/XTerm-color
	    the	 xterm	color application resources.  If your display supports
	    color, use this
		      *customization: -color
	    in your .Xdefaults file to automatically turn on  color  in	 xterm
	    and	similar	applications.

ERROR MESSAGES
       Most of the fatal error messages	from xterm use the following format:
	      xterm: Error XXX,	errno YYY: ZZZ
       The XXX codes (which are	used by	xterm as its exit-code)	are listed be-
       low, with a brief explanation.

       1    is used for	miscellaneous errors, usually accompanied  by  a  spe-
	    cific message,

       11   ERROR_FIONBIO
	    main: ioctl() failed on FIONBIO

       12   ERROR_F_GETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_GETFL

       13   ERROR_F_SETFL
	    main: ioctl() failed on F_SETFL

       14   ERROR_OPDEVTTY
	    spawn: open() failed on /dev/tty

       15   ERROR_TIOCGETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCGETP

       17   ERROR_PTSNAME
	    spawn: ptsname() failed

       18   ERROR_OPPTSNAME
	    spawn: open() failed on ptsname

       19   ERROR_PTEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ptem"

       20   ERROR_CONSEM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"consem"

       21   ERROR_LDTERM
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ldterm"

       22   ERROR_TTCOMPAT
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on I_PUSH/"ttcompat"

       23   ERROR_TIOCSETP
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETP

       24   ERROR_TIOCSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETC

       25   ERROR_TIOCSETD
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSETD

       26   ERROR_TIOCSLTC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCSLTC

       27   ERROR_TIOCLSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCLSET

       28   ERROR_INIGROUPS
	    spawn: initgroups()	failed

       29   ERROR_FORK
	    spawn: fork() failed

       30   ERROR_EXEC
	    spawn: exec() failed

       32   ERROR_PTYS
	    get_pty: not enough	ptys

       34   ERROR_PTY_EXEC
	    waiting for	initial	map

       35   ERROR_SETUID
	    spawn: setuid() failed

       36   ERROR_INIT
	    spawn: can't initialize window

       46   ERROR_TIOCKSET
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSET

       47   ERROR_TIOCKSETC
	    spawn: ioctl() failed on TIOCKSETC

       48   ERROR_SPREALLOC
	    spawn: realloc of ttydev failed

       49   ERROR_LUMALLOC
	    luit: command-line malloc failed

       50   ERROR_SELECT
	    in_put: select() failed

       54   ERROR_VINIT
	    VTInit: can't initialize window

       57   ERROR_KMMALLOC1
	    HandleKeymapChange:	malloc failed

       60   ERROR_TSELECT
	    Tinput: select() failed

       64   ERROR_TINIT
	    TekInit: can't initialize window

       71   ERROR_BMALLOC2
	    SaltTextAway: malloc() failed

       80   ERROR_LOGEXEC
	    StartLog: exec() failed

       83   ERROR_XERROR
	    xerror: XError event

       84   ERROR_XIOERROR
	    xioerror: X	I/O error

       90   ERROR_SCALLOC
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on base

       91   ERROR_SCALLOC2
	    Alloc: calloc() failed on rows

       92   ERROR_SREALLOC
	    ScreenResize: realloc() failed on alt base

       96   ERROR_RESIZE
	    ScreenResize: malloc() or realloc()	failed

       102  ERROR_SAVE_PTR
	    ScrnPointers: malloc/realloc() failed

       110  ERROR_SBRALLOC
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on base

       111  ERROR_SBRALLOC2
	    ScrollBarOn: realloc() failed on rows

       121  ERROR_MMALLOC
	    my_memmove:	malloc/realloc failed

BUGS
       Large  pastes do	not work on some systems.  This	is not a bug in	xterm;
       it is a bug in the pseudo terminal  driver  of  those  systems.	 xterm
       feeds large pastes to the pty only as fast as the pty will accept data,
       but some	pty drivers do not return enough information to	 know  if  the
       write has succeeded.

       Many of the options are not resettable after xterm starts.

       This program still needs	to be rewritten.  It should be split into very
       modular sections, with the various emulators being completely  separate
       widgets	that  do not know about	each other.  Ideally, you'd like to be
       able to pick and	choose emulator	widgets	and stick them into  a	single
       control widget.

       There  needs  to	 be  a	dialog box to allow entry of the Tek COPY file
       name.

SEE ALSO
       resize(1), luit(1), X(7), pty(4), tty(4)
       Xterm Control Sequences (this is	the file ctlseqs.ms).

       http://invisible-island.net/xterm/xterm.html

AUTHORS
       Far too many people, including:

       Loretta Guarino Reid (DEC-UEG-WSL), Joel	McCormack (DEC-UEG-WSL), Terry
       Weissman	 (DEC-UEG-WSL),	 Edward	 Moy  (Berkeley), Ralph	R. Swick (MIT-
       Athena),	Mark Vandevoorde (MIT-Athena),	Bob  McNamara  (DEC-MAD),  Jim
       Gettys (MIT-Athena), Bob	Scheifler (MIT X Consortium), Doug Mink	(SAO),
       Steve Pitschke (Stellar), Ron Newman (MIT-Athena), Jim  Fulton  (MIT  X
       Consortium), Dave Serisky (HP), Jonathan	Kamens (MIT-Athena), Jason Ba-
       con, Stephen P. Wall,  David  Wexelblat,	 and  Thomas  Dickey  (XFree86
       Project).

4.3.0				    Version			      XTERM(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EMULATIONS | OTHER FEATURES | OPTIONS | RESOURCES | POINTER USAGE | MENUS | SECURITY | CHARACTER CLASSES | ACTIONS | CONTROL SEQUENCES AND KEYBOARD | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | ERROR MESSAGES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | AUTHORS

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