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VIM(1)			    General Commands Manual			VIM(1)

       vim - Vi	IMproved, a programmers	text editor

       vim [options] [file ..]
       vim [options] -
       vim [options] -t	tag
       vim [options] -q	[errorfile]

       gvim gview
       rvim rview rgvim	rgview

       Vim  is a text editor that is upwards compatible	to Vi.	It can be used
       to edit all kinds of plain text.	 It is especially useful  for  editing

       There  are a lot	of enhancements	above Vi: multi	level undo, multi win-
       dows and	buffers, syntax	highlighting, command line  editing,  filename
       completion,   on-line   help,   visual  selection,  etc..   See	":help
       vi_diff.txt" for	a summary of the differences between Vim and Vi.

       While running Vim a lot of help can be obtained from the	 on-line  help
       system, with the	":help"	command.  See the ON-LINE HELP section below.

       Most often Vim is started to edit a single file with the	command

	    vim	file

       More generally Vim is started with:

	    vim	[options] [filelist]

       If the filelist is missing, the editor will start with an empty buffer.
       Otherwise exactly one out of the	following four may be used  to	choose
       one or more files to be edited.

       file ..	   A  list  of	filenames.   The first one will	be the current
		   file	and read into the buffer.  The cursor  will  be	 posi-
		   tioned on the first line of the buffer.  You	can get	to the
		   other files with the	":next"	command.  To edit a file  that
		   starts with a dash, precede the filelist with "--".

       -	   The	file  to  edit	is read	from stdin.  Commands are read
		   from	stderr,	which should be	a tty.

       -t {tag}	   The file to edit and	the initial cursor position depends on
		   a  "tag",  a	sort of	goto label.  {tag} is looked up	in the
		   tags	file, the associated file becomes the current file and
		   the	associated  command  is	executed.  Mostly this is used
		   for C programs, in which case {tag}	could  be  a  function
		   name.  The effect is	that the file containing that function
		   becomes the current file and	the cursor  is	positioned  on
		   the start of	the function.  See ":help tag-commands".

       -q [errorfile]
		   Start  in  quickFix mode.  The file [errorfile] is read and
		   the first error is displayed.  If [errorfile]  is  omitted,
		   the	filename  is obtained from the 'errorfile' option (de-
		   faults to "AztecC.Err" for the Amiga, "errors.vim" on other
		   systems).   Further	errors can be jumped to	with the ":cn"
		   command.  See ":help	quickfix".

       Vim behaves differently,	depending on the name of the command (the exe-
       cutable may still be the	same file).

       vim	 The "normal" way, everything is default.

       ex	 Start	in Ex mode.  Go	to Normal mode with the	":vi" command.
		 Can also be done with the "-e"	argument.

       view	 Start in read-only mode.  You will be protected from  writing
		 the files.  Can also be done with the "-R" argument.

       gvim gview
		 The GUI version.  Starts a new	window.	 Can also be done with
		 the "-g" argument.

       rvim rview rgvim	rgview
		 Like the above, but with restrictions.	 It will not be	possi-
		 ble  to  start	 shell	commands, or suspend Vim.  Can also be
		 done with the "-Z" argument.

       The options may be given	in any order, before or	after filenames.   Op-
       tions without an	argument can be	combined after a single	dash.

       +[num]	   For	the  first  file the cursor will be positioned on line
		   "num".  If "num" is missing,	the cursor will	be  positioned
		   on the last line.

       +/{pat}	   For	the  first  file  the cursor will be positioned	on the
		   first occurrence of {pat}.  See ":help search-pattern"  for
		   the available search	patterns.


       -c {command}
		   {command}  will  be	executed after the first file has been
		   read.  {command} is interpreted as an Ex command.   If  the
		   {command}  contains	spaces	it  must be enclosed in	double
		   quotes (this	depends	on the shell that is used).   Example:
		   Vim "+set si" main.c
		   Note: You can use up	to 10 "+" or "-c" commands.

       --cmd {command}
		   Like	 using	"-c",  but the command is executed just	before
		   processing any vimrc	file.  You can use up to 10  of	 these
		   commands, independently from	"-c" commands.

       -b	   Binary  mode.  A few	options	will be	set that makes it pos-
		   sible to edit a binary or executable	file.

       -C	   Compatible.	Set the	'compatible' option.  This  will  make
		   Vim	behave	mostly	like Vi, even though a .vimrc file ex-

       -d	   Start in diff mode.	There should be	two or three file name
		   arguments.	Vim  will  open	all the	files and show differ-
		   ences between them.	Works like vimdiff(1).

       -d {device} Open	{device} for use as a terminal.	 Only  on  the	Amiga.
		   Example: "-d	con:20/30/600/150".

       -e	   Start  Vim  in Ex mode, just	like the executable was	called

       -f	   Foreground.	For the	GUI version, Vim will not fork and de-
		   tach	 from  the shell it was	started	in.  On	the Amiga, Vim
		   is not restarted to open a new window.  This	option	should
		   be  used  when  Vim is executed by a	program	that will wait
		   for the edit	session	to finish (e.g.	mail).	On  the	 Amiga
		   the ":sh" and ":!" commands will not	work.

       -F	   If  Vim  has	 been  compiled	with FKMAP support for editing
		   right-to-left oriented files	and  Farsi  keyboard  mapping,
		   this	 option	 starts	 Vim  in  Farsi	mode, i.e. 'fkmap' and
		   'rightleft' are set.	 Otherwise an error message  is	 given
		   and Vim aborts.

       -g	   If  Vim has been compiled with GUI support, this option en-
		   ables the GUI.  If no GUI support was compiled in, an error
		   message is given and	Vim aborts.

       -h	   Give	a bit of help about the	command	line arguments and op-
		   tions.  After this Vim exits.

       -H	   If Vim has been compiled with RIGHTLEFT support for editing
		   right-to-left  oriented  files and Hebrew keyboard mapping,
		   this	option starts Vim in Hebrew  mode,  i.e.  'hkmap'  and
		   'rightleft'	are  set.  Otherwise an	error message is given
		   and Vim aborts.

       -i {viminfo}
		   When	using the viminfo file is enabled,  this  option  sets
		   the	filename  to use, instead of the default "~/.viminfo".
		   This	can also be used to skip the use of the	.viminfo file,
		   by giving the name "NONE".

       -L	   Same	as -r.

       -l	   Lisp	mode.  Sets the	'lisp' and 'showmatch' options on.

       -m	   Modifying files is disabled.	 Resets	the 'write' option, so
		   that	writing	files is not possible.

       -N	   No-compatible mode.	Reset the 'compatible'	option.	  This
		   will	 make Vim behave a bit better, but less	Vi compatible,
		   even	though a .vimrc	file does not exist.

       -n	   No swap file	will be	used.  Recovery	after a	crash will  be
		   impossible.	 Handy	if  you	 want to edit a	file on	a very
		   slow	medium (e.g. floppy).  Can also	 be  done  with	 ":set
		   uc=0".  Can be undone with ":set uc=200".

       -o[N]	   Open	 N  windows.   When  N is omitted, open	one window for
		   each	file.

       -R	   Read-only mode.  The	'readonly' option will	be  set.   You
		   can still edit the buffer, but will be prevented from acci-
		   dently overwriting a	file.  If you do want to  overwrite  a
		   file,  add  an  exclamation	mark  to the Ex	command, as in
		   ":w!".  The -R option also implies the -n option  (see  be-
		   low).  The 'readonly' option	can be reset with ":set	noro".
		   See ":help 'readonly'".

       -r	   List	swap files, with information about using them for  re-

       -r {file}   Recovery  mode.  The	swap file is used to recover a crashed
		   editing session.  The swap file is a	 file  with  the  same
		   filename as the text	file with ".swp" appended.  See	":help

       -s	   Silent mode.	 Only when started as "Ex" or  when  the  "-e"
		   option was given before the "-s" option.

       -s {scriptin}
		   The	script file {scriptin} is read.	 The characters	in the
		   file	are interpreted	as if you had typed  them.   The  same
		   can be done with the	command	":source! {scriptin}".	If the
		   end of the file is reached before the editor	exits, further
		   characters are read from the	keyboard.

       -T {terminal}
		   Tells Vim the name of the terminal you are using.  Only re-
		   quired when the automatic way doesn't work.	 Should	 be  a
		   terminal  known  to Vim (builtin) or	defined	in the termcap
		   or terminfo file.

       -u {vimrc}  Use the commands in the file	{vimrc}	 for  initializations.
		   All	the  other  initializations  are skipped.  Use this to
		   edit	a special kind of files.  It can also be used to  skip
		   all	initializations	by giving the name "NONE".  See	":help
		   initialization" within vim for more details.

       -U {gvimrc} Use the commands in the file	{gvimrc} for  GUI  initializa-
		   tions.   All	the other GUI initializations are skipped.  It
		   can also be used to skip all	GUI initializations by	giving
		   the	name "NONE".  See ":help gui-init" within vim for more

       -V	   Verbose.  Give messages about which files are  sourced  and
		   for reading and writing a viminfo file.

       -v	   Start  Vim  in Vi mode, just	like the executable was	called
		   "vi".  This only has	effect when the	executable  is	called

       -w {scriptout}
		   All	the  characters	that you type are recorded in the file
		   {scriptout},	until you exit Vim.  This  is  useful  if  you
		   want	 to  create  a script file to be used with "vim	-s" or
		   ":source!".	If the {scriptout} file	exists,	characters are

       -W {scriptout}
		   Like	-w, but	an existing file is overwritten.

       -x	   Use	encryption  when  writing  files.    Will prompt for a
		   crypt key.

       -Z	   Restricted mode.  Works like	 the  executable  starts  with

       --	   Denotes  the	end of the options.  Arguments after this will
		   be handled as a file	name.  This can	 be  used  to  edit  a
		   filename that starts	with a '-'.

       --help	   Give	a help message and exit, just like "-h".

       --version   Print version information and exit.

       --remote	   Connect to a	Vim server and make it edit the	files given in
		   the rest of the arguments.

		   List	the names of all Vim servers that can be found.

       --servername {name}
		   Use {name} as the server name.  Used	for the	 current  Vim,
		   unless  used	with a --serversend or --remote, then it's the
		   name	of the server to connect to.

       --serversend {keys}
		   Connect to a	Vim server and send {keys} to it.

       --socketid {id}
		   GTK GUI only: Use the GtkPlug mechanism to run gvim in  an-
		   other window.

       --echo-wid  GTK GUI only: Echo the Window ID on stdout

       Type  ":help"  in Vim to	get started.  Type ":help subject" to get help
       on a specific subject.  For example: ":help ZZ" to  get	help  for  the
       "ZZ"  command.	Use <Tab> and CTRL-D to	complete subjects (":help cmd-
       line-completion").  Tags	are present to jump from one place to  another
       (sort of	hypertext links, see ":help").	All documentation files	can be
       viewed in this way, for example ":help syntax.txt".

		      The Vim documentation files.  Use	":help	doc-file-list"
		      to get the complete list.

		      The  tags	file used for finding information in the docu-
		      mentation	files.

		      System wide syntax initializations.

		      Syntax files for various languages.

		      System wide Vim initializations.

		      System wide gvim initializations.

		      Script used for the ":options" command, a	 nice  way  to
		      view and set options.

		      System wide menu initializations for gvim.

		      Script to	generate a bug report.	See ":help bugs".

		      Script  to  detect  the type of a	file by	its name.  See
		      ":help 'filetype'".

		      Script to	detect the type	of a  file  by	its  contents.
		      See ":help 'filetype'".

		      Files used for PostScript	printing.

       For recent info read the	VIM home page:


       Most of Vim was made by Bram Moolenaar, with a lot of help from others.
       See ":help credits" in Vim.
       Vim is based on Stevie, worked on by: Tim Thompson,  Tony  Andrews  and
       G.R. (Fred) Walter.  Although hardly any	of the original	code remains.

       Probably.  See ":help todo" for a list of known problems.

       Note  that a number of things that may be regarded as bugs by some, are
       in fact caused by a too-faithful	reproduction of	Vi's  behaviour.   And
       if  you	think  other things are	bugs "because Vi does it differently",
       you should take a closer	look at	the vi_diff.txt	file  (or  type	 :help
       vi_diff.txt  when  in  Vim).   Also have	a look at the 'compatible' and
       'cpoptions' options.

				  2002 Feb 22				VIM(1)


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