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VACATION(1)             FreeBSD General Commands Manual            VACATION(1)

NAME
       vacation - E-mail auto-responder

SYNOPSIS
       vacation [-a alias] [-C cffile] [-d] [-f database] [-i] [-I] [-j] [-l]
       [-m message] [-R returnaddr] [-r interval] [-s address] [-t time] [-U]
       [-x] [-z] login

DESCRIPTION
       Vacation returns a message, ~/.vacation.msg by default, to the sender
       informing them that you are currently not reading your mail.  The
       message is only sent to each sender once per reply interval (see -r
       below).  The intended use is in a .forward file.  For example, your
       .forward file might have:

              \eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"

       which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric)
       and reply to any messages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.

       Available options:

       -a alias
              Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received
              for the user's login name.

       -C cfpath
              Specify pathname of the sendmail configuration file.  This
              option is ignored if -U is specified.  This option defaults to
              the standard sendmail configuration file, located at
              /etc/mail/sendmail.cf on most systems.

       -d     Send error/debug messages to stderr instead of syslog.
              Otherwise, fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect
              arguments, or with non-existent logins, are logged in the system
              log file, using syslog(8).  This should only be used on the
              command line, not in your .forward file.

       -f filename
              Use filename as name of the database instead of ~/.vacation.db
              or ~/.vacation.{dir,pag}.  Unless the filename starts with / it
              is relative to ~.

       -i     Initialize the vacation database files.  It should be used
              before you modify your .forward file.  This should only be used
              on the command line, not in your .forward file.

       -I     Same as -i (for backwards compatibility).  This should only be
              used on the command line, not in your .forward file.

       -j     Respond to the message regardless of whether the login is listed
              as a recipient for the message.  Do not use this flag unless you
              are sure of the consequences.  For example, this will cause to
              reply to mailing list messages which may result in removing you
              from the list.

       -l     List the content of the vacation database file including the
              address and the associated time of the last auto-response to
              that address.  This should only be used on the command line, not
              in your .forward file.

       -m filename
              Use filename as name of the file containing the message to send
              instead of ~/.vacation.msg.  Unless the filename starts with /
              it is relative to ~.

       -R returnaddr
              Set the reply envelope sender address

       -r interval
              Set the reply interval to interval days.  The default is one
              week.  An interval of ``0'' or ``infinite'' (actually, any non-
              numeric character) will never send more than one reply.  The -r
              option should only be used when the vacation database is
              initialized (see -i above).

       -s address
              Use address instead of the incoming message sender address on
              the From line as the recipient for the vacation message.

       -t time
              Ignored, available only for compatibility with Sun's vacation
              program.

       -U     Do not attempt to lookup login in the password file.  The -f and
              -m options must be used to specify the database and message file
              since there is no home directory for the default settings for
              these options.

       -x     Reads an exclusion list from stdin (one address per line).
              Mails coming from an address in this exclusion list won't get a
              reply by vacation.  It is possible to exclude complete domains
              by specifying ``@domain'' as element of the exclusion list.
              This should only be used on the command line, not in your
              .forward file.

       -z     Set the sender of the vacation message to ``<>'' instead of the
              user.  This probably violates the RFCs since vacation messages
              are not required by a standards-track RFC to have a null
              reverse-path.

       Vacation reads the first line from the standard input for a UNIX
       ``From'' line to determine the sender.  Sendmail(8) includes this
       ``From'' line automatically.

       No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a
       option) is part of either the ``To:'' or ``Cc:'' headers of the mail.
       No messages from ``???-REQUEST'', ``???-RELAY'', ``???-OWNER'',
       ``OWNER-???'', ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'', ``MAILER'', or ``MAILER-
       DAEMON'' will be replied to (where these strings are case insensitive)
       nor is a notification sent if a ``Precedence: bulk'' or ``Precedence:
       junk'' line is included in the mail headers.  The people who have sent
       you messages are maintained as a db(3) or dbm(3) database in the file
       .vacation.db or .vacation.{dir,pag} in your home directory.

       Vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory,
       containing a message to be sent back to each sender.  It should be an
       entire message (including headers).  For example, it might contain:

              From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
              Subject: I am on vacation
              Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
              Precedence: bulk

              I am on vacation until July 22.  If you have something urgent,
              please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
              --eric

FILES
       ~/.vacation.db    default database file for db(3)

       ~/.vacation.{dir,pag}
                         default database file for dbm(3)

       ~/.vacation.msg   default message to send

SEE ALSO
       sendmail(8), syslog(8)

HISTORY
       The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.

                         $Date: 2002/06/27 23:51:52 $              VACATION(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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