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uux(1)			    General Commands Manual			uux(1)

       uux - Remote command execution over UUCP

       uux [ options ] command

       The  uux	command	is used	to execute a command on	a remote system, or to
       execute a command on the	local system using files from remote  systems.
       The  command  is	 not executed immediately; the request is queued until
       the uucico (8) daemon calls the system and executes it.	The daemon  is
       started	automatically  unless  one  of the -r or --nouucico options is

       The actual command execution is done by the uuxqt (8) daemon.

       File arguments can be gathered from remote  systems  to	the  execution
       system,	as  can	 standard input.  Standard output may be directed to a
       file on a remote	system.

       The command name	may be preceded	by a system name followed by an	excla-
       mation point if it is to	be executed on a remote	system.	 An empty sys-
       tem name	is taken as the	local system.

       Each argument that contains an exclamation point	is treated as naming a
       file.  The system which the file	is on is before	the exclamation	point,
       and the pathname	on that	system follows it.  An empty  system  name  is
       taken  as  the  local system; this must be used to transfer a file to a
       command being executed on a remote system.  If the path	is  not	 abso-
       lute, it	will be	appended to the	current	working	directory on the local
       system; the result may not be meaningful	on the remote system.  A path-
       name may	begin with ~/, in which	case it	is relative to the UUCP	public
       directory (usually /usr/spool/uucppublic	or  /var/spool/uucppublic)  on
       the  appropriate	 system.   A  pathname may begin with ~name/, in which
       case it is relative to the home directory of the	named user on the  ap-
       propriate system.

       Standard	 input	and  output  may be redirected as usual; the pathnames
       used may	contain	exclamation points to indicate that they are on	remote
       systems.	  Note	that the redirection characters	must be	quoted so that
       they are	passed to uux rather than interpreted by  the  shell.	Append
       redirection (>>)	does not work.

       All  specified  files are gathered together into	a single directory be-
       fore execution of the command begins.  This means that each  file  must
       have a distinct base name.  For example,
	    uux	'sys1!diff sys2!~user1/foo sys3!~user2/foo >!foo.diff'
       will  fail  because  both files will be copied to sys1 and stored under
       the name	foo.

       Arguments may be	quoted by parentheses to avoid interpretation  of  ex-
       clamation  points.  This	is useful when executing the uucp command on a
       remote system.

       A request to execute an empty command (e.g., uux	sys!)  will  create  a
       poll file for the specified system.

       The exit	status of uux is one of	the codes found	in the header file sy-
       sexits.h.  In particular, EX_OK ( 0 ) indicates success,	 and  EX_TEMP-
       FAIL ( 75 ) indicates a temporary failure.

       The following options may be given to uux.

       -, -p, --stdin
	    Read  standard input and use it as the standard input for the com-
	    mand to be executed.

       -c, --nocopy
	    Do not copy	local files to the spool directory.  This is  the  de-
	    fault.   If	 they are removed before being processed by the	uucico
	    (8)	daemon,	the copy will fail.  The files must be readable	by the
	    uucico (8) daemon, as well as the by the invoker of	uux.

       -C, --copy
	    Copy local files to	the spool directory.

       -l, --link
	    Link  local	 files into the	spool directory.  If a file can	not be
	    linked because it is on a different	device,	it will	be copied  un-
	    less  one  of  the	-c  or --nocopy	options	also appears (in other
	    words, use	of  --link  switches  the  default  from  --nocopy  to
	    --copy).   If  the files are changed before	being processed	by the
	    uucico (8) daemon, the changed versions will be used.   The	 files
	    must  be  readable by the uucico (8) daemon, as well as by the in-
	    voker of uux.

       -g grade, --grade grade
	    Set	the grade of the file transfer	command.   Jobs	 of  a	higher
	    grade are executed first.  Grades run 0 ...	9 A ...	Z a ...	z from
	    high to low.

       -n, --notification=no
	    Do not send	mail about the status of the job, even if it fails.

       -z, --notification=error
	    Send mail about the	status of the job if  an  error	 occurs.   For
	    many  uuxqt	 daemons, including the	Taylor UUCP uuxqt, this	is the
	    default action; for	those, --notification=error will have  no  ef-
	    fect.   However, some uuxqt	daemons	will send mail if the job suc-
	    ceeds unless the --notification=error option  is  used,  and  some
	    other uuxqt	daemons	will not send mail if the job fails unless the
	    --notification=error option	is used.

       -r, --nouucico
	    Do not start the uucico (8)	daemon immediately;  merely  queue  up
	    the	execution request for later processing.

       -j, --jobid
	    Print  jobids  on  standard	output.	 A jobid will be generated for
	    each file copy operation required to perform the operation.	 These
	    file  copies  may  be cancelled by passing the jobid to the	--kill
	    switch of uustat (1), which	will make the execution	impossible  to

       -a address, --requestor address
	    Report job status to the specified e-mail address.

       -x type,	--debug	type
	    Turn  on particular	debugging types.  The following	types are rec-
	    ognized: abnormal, chat, handshake,	uucp-proto, proto, port,  con-
	    fig,  spooldir,  execute, incoming,	outgoing.  Only	abnormal, con-
	    fig, spooldir and execute are meaningful for uux.

	    Multiple types may be given, separated by commas, and the  --debug
	    option  may	 appear	 multiple  times.  A number may	also be	given,
	    which will turn on that many types from the	 foregoing  list;  for
	    example, --debug 2 is equivalent to	--debug	abnormal,chat.

       -I file,	--config file
	    Set	 configuration file to use.  This option may not be available,
	    depending upon how uux was compiled.

       -v, --version
	    Report version information and exit.

	    Print a help message and exit.

       uux -z -	sys1!rmail user1
       Execute the command ``rmail user1'' on the system sys1,	giving	it  as
       standard	 input whatever	is given to uux	as standard input.  If a fail-
       ure occurs, send	a message using	mail (1).

       uux 'diff -c sys1!~user1/file1 sys2!~user2/file2	>!file.diff'
       Fetch the two named files from system sys1 and system sys2 and  execute
       diff  putting  the  result  in file.diff	in the current directory.  The
       current directory must be writable by the uuxqt (8) daemon for this  to

       uux 'sys1!uucp ~user1/file1 (sys2!~user2/file2)'
       Execute uucp on the system sys1 copying file1 (on system	sys1) to sys2.
       This illustrates	the use	of parentheses for quoting.

       The remote system may not permit	you to execute certain commands.  Many
       remote systems only permit the execution	of rmail and rnews.

       Some  of	the options are	dependent on the capabilities of the uuxqt (8)
       daemon on the remote system.

       mail(1),	uustat(1), uucp(1), uucico(8), uuxqt(8)

       Files can not be	referenced across multiple systems.

       Too many	jobids are output by --jobid, and there	is no good way to can-
       cel a local execution requiring remote files.

       Ian Lance Taylor	(

			       Taylor UUCP 1.07				uux(1)


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