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EXPAND(1)               FreeBSD General Commands Manual              EXPAND(1)

NAME
     expand, unexpand - expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa

SYNOPSIS
     expand [-t tab1,tab2,...,tabn] [file ...]
     unexpand [-a | -t tab1,tab2,...,tabn] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The expand utility processes the named files or the standard input
     writing the standard output with tabs changed into blanks.  Backspace
     characters are preserved into the output and decrement the column count
     for tab calculations.  The expand utility is useful for pre-processing
     character files (before sorting, looking at specific columns, etc.) that
     contain tabs.

     The unexpand utility puts tabs back into the data from the standard input
     or the named files and writes the result on the standard output.

     The following options are available:

     -a      (unexpand only.)  By default, only leading blanks and tabs are
             reconverted to maximal strings of tabs.  If the -a option is
             given, then tabs are inserted whenever they would compress the
             resultant file by replacing two or more characters.

     -t -Sm tab1, tab2, ..., tabn Sm
             Set tab stops at column positions tab1, tab2, ..., tabn.  If only
             a single number is given, tab stops are set that number of column
             positions apart instead of the default number of 8.

ENVIRONMENT
     The LANG, LC_ALL and LC_CTYPE environment variables affect the execution
     of expand and unexpand as described in environ(7).

EXIT STATUS
     The expand and unexpand utilities exit 0 on success, and >0 if an error
     occurs.

STANDARDS
     The expand and unexpand utilities conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001
     (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     The expand command appeared in 3.0BSD.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        October 13, 2006        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | EXIT STATUS | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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