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TRUSS(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      TRUSS(1)

     truss -- trace system calls

     truss [-faedDS] [-o file] [-s strsize] -p pid
     truss [-faedDS] [-o file] [-s strsize] command [args]

     The truss utility traces the system calls called by the specified process
     or	program.  Output is to the specified output file, or standard error by
     default.  It does this by stopping	and restarting the process being moni-
     tored via ptrace(2).

     The options are as	follows:

     -f	     Trace descendants of the original traced process created by
	     fork(2), vfork(2),	etc.

     -a	     Show the argument strings that are	passed in each execve(2) sys-
	     tem call.

     -e	     Show the environment strings that are passed in each execve(2)
	     system call.

     -d	     Include timestamps	in the output showing the time elapsed since
	     the trace was started.

     -D	     Include timestamps	in the output showing the time elapsed since
	     the last recorded event.

     -S	     Do	not display information	about signals received by the process.
	     (Normally,	truss displays signal as well as system	call events.)

     -o	file
	     Print the output to the specified file instead of standard	error.

     -s	strsize
	     Display strings using at most strsize characters.	If the buffer
	     is	larger,	"..." will be displayed	at the end of the string.  The
	     default strsize is	32.

     -p	pid  Follow the	process	specified by pid instead of a new command.

     command [args]
	     Execute command and trace the system calls	of it.	(The -p	and
	     command options are mutually exclusive.)

     # Follow the system calls used in echoing "hello"
	   $ truss /bin/echo hello
     # Do the same, but	put the	output into a file
	   $ truss -o /tmp/truss.out /bin/echo hello
     # Follow an already-running process
	   $ truss -p 1

     kdump(1), ktrace(1), ptrace(2)

     The truss command was written by Sean Eric	Fagan for FreeBSD.  It was
     modeled after similar commands available for System V Release 4 and

BSD				January	2, 2004				   BSD


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