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curs_terminfo(3X)					     curs_terminfo(3X)

       del_curterm, mvcur, putp, restartterm, set_curterm, setterm, setupterm,
       tigetflag, tigetnum, tigetstr, tparm, tputs, vid_attr, vid_puts,
       vidattr,	vidputs	- curses interfaces to terminfo	database

       #include	<curses.h>
       #include	<term.h>

       int setupterm(char *term, int fildes, int *errret);
       int setterm(char	*term);
       TERMINAL	*set_curterm(TERMINAL *nterm);
       int del_curterm(TERMINAL	*oterm);
       int restartterm(char *term, int fildes, int *errret);
       char *tparm(char	*str, ...);
       int tputs(const char *str, int affcnt, int (*putc)(int));
       int putp(const char *str);
       int vidputs(chtype attrs, int (*putc)(int));
       int vidattr(chtype attrs);
       int vid_puts(attr_t attrs, short	pair, void *opts, int (*putc)(char));
       int vid_attr(attr_t attrs, short	pair, void *opts);
       int mvcur(int oldrow, int oldcol, int newrow, int newcol);
       int tigetflag(char *capname);
       int tigetnum(char *capname);
       char *tigetstr(char *capname);

       These  low-level	 routines must be called by programs that have to deal
       directly	with the terminfo database to handle certain terminal capabil-
       ities, such as programming function keys.  For all other	functionality,
       curses routines are more	suitable and their use is recommended.

       Initially, setupterm should be called.  Note that setupterm is automat-
       ically  called  by initscr and newterm.	This defines the set of	termi-
       nal-dependent variables [listed in terminfo(5)].	  The  terminfo	 vari-
       ables lines and columns are initialized by setupterm as follows:

	      If  use_env(FALSE) has been called, values for lines and columns
	      specified	in terminfo are	used.

	      Otherwise, if the	environment variables LINES and	COLUMNS	exist,
	      their  values  are  used.	 If these environment variables	do not
	      exist and	the program is running in a window, the	current	window
	      size  is	used.	Otherwise, if the environment variables	do not
	      exist, the values	for lines and columns specified	in the termin-
	      fo database are used.

       The header files	curses.h and term.h should be included (in this	order)
       to get the definitions for these	strings, numbers, and flags.   Parame-
       terized	strings	 should	 be  passed through tparm to instantiate them.
       All terminfo strings [including the output of tparm] should be  printed
       with tputs or putp.  Call the reset_shell_mode to restore the tty modes
       before exiting [see curs_kernel(3X)].  Programs which  use  cursor  ad-
       dressing	should output enter_ca_mode upon startup and should output ex-
       it_ca_mode before exiting.  Programs desiring shell escapes should call

       reset_shell_mode	and output exit_ca_mode	before the shell is called and
       should output enter_ca_mode and call  reset_prog_mode  after  returning
       from the	shell.

       The  setupterm routine reads in the terminfo database, initializing the
       terminfo	structures, but	does not  set  up  the	output	virtualization
       structures  used	 by curses.  The terminal type is the character	string
       term; if	term is	null, the environment variable TERM is used.  All out-
       put  is	to file	descriptor fildes which	is initialized for output.  If
       errret is not null, then	setupterm returns OK or	ERR and	stores a  sta-
       tus  value  in  the integer pointed to by errret.  A return value of OK
       combined	with status of 1 in errret is normal.  If ERR is returned, ex-
       amine errret:

	      1	   means  that	the  terminal  is hardcopy, cannot be used for
		   curses applications.

	      0	   means that the terminal could not be	found, or that it is a
		   generic  type, having too little information	for curses ap-
		   plications to run.

	      -1   means that the terminfo database could not be found.

       If errret is null, setupterm prints an error message  upon  finding  an
       error and exits.	 Thus, the simplest call is:

	     setupterm((char *)0, 1, (int *)0);,

       which uses all the defaults and sends the output	to stdout.

       The setterm routine is being replaced by	setupterm.  The	call:

	     setupterm(term, 1,	(int *)0)

       provides	 the same functionality	as setterm(term).  The setterm routine
       is included here	for BSD	compatibility, and is not recommended for  new

       The  set_curterm	routine	sets the variable cur_term to nterm, and makes
       all of the terminfo boolean, numeric, and string	variables use the val-
       ues from	nterm.	It returns the old value of cur_term.

       The  del_curterm	 routine frees the space pointed to by oterm and makes
       it available for	further	use.  If oterm is the same as cur_term,	refer-
       ences  to  any  of  the terminfo	boolean, numeric, and string variables
       thereafter may refer to invalid	memory	locations  until  another  se-
       tupterm has been	called.

       The  restartterm	 routine  is  similar to setupterm and initscr,	except
       that it is called after restoring memory	to a previous state (for exam-
       ple,  when  reloading  a	 game saved as a core image dump).  It assumes
       that the	windows	and the	input and output options are the same as  when
       memory was saved, but the terminal type and baud	rate may be different.
       Accordingly, it saves various tty state bits, calls setupterm, and then
       restores	the bits.

       The  tparm  routine  instantiates the string str	with parameters	pi.  A
       pointer is returned to the result of str	with the parameters applied.

       The tputs routine applies padding information to	 the  string  str  and
       outputs	it.   The str must be a	terminfo string	variable or the	return
       value from tparm, tgetstr, or tgoto.  affcnt is the number of lines af-
       fected,	or  1  if  not	applicable.  putc is a putchar-like routine to
       which the characters are	passed,	one at a time.

       The putp	routine	calls tputs(str, 1, putchar).  Note that the output of
       putp always goes	to stdout, not to the fildes specified in setupterm.

       The  vidputs  routine  displays the string on the terminal in the video
       attribute mode attrs, which is any combination of the attributes	listed
       in  curses(3X).	 The characters	are passed to the putchar-like routine

       The vidattr routine is like the vidputs routine,	except that it outputs
       through putchar.

       The  vid_attr  and vid_puts routines correspond to vidattr and vidputs,
       respectively.  They use a set of	arguments for representing  the	 video
       attributes  plus	color, i.e., one of type attr_t	for the	attributes and
       one of short for	the color_pair number.	The vid_attr and vid_puts rou-
       tines  are designed to use the attribute	constants with the WA_ prefix.
       The opts	argument is reserved for future	use.  Currently,  applications
       must provide a null pointer for that argument.

       The  mvcur  routine  provides low-level cursor motion.  It takes	effect
       immediately (rather than	at the next refresh).

       The tigetflag, tigetnum and tigetstr routines return the	value  of  the
       capability  corresponding  to the terminfo capname passed to them, such
       as xenl.

       The tigetflag routine returns the value -1 if capname is	not a  boolean
       capability, or 0	if it is canceled or absent from the terminal descrip-

       The tigetnum routine returns the	value -2 if capname is not  a  numeric
       capability,  or	-1  if	it is canceled or absent from the terminal de-

       The tigetstr routine returns the	value (char *)-1 if capname is	not  a
       string  capability,  or 0 if it is canceled or absent from the terminal

       The capname for each capability is given	in the table  column  entitled
       capname code in the capabilities	section	of terminfo(5).

	      char *boolnames[], *boolcodes[], *boolfnames[]

	      char *numnames[],	*numcodes[], *numfnames[]

	      char *strnames[],	*strcodes[], *strfnames[]

       These  null-terminated  arrays contain the capnames, the	termcap	codes,
       and the full C names, for each of the terminfo variables.

       Routines	that return an integer return ERR upon failure	and  OK	 (SVr4
       only  specifies "an integer value other than ERR") upon successful com-
       pletion,	unless otherwise noted in the preceding	routine	 descriptions.

       Routines	that return pointers always return NULL	on error.

       X/Open defines no error conditions.  In this implementation

		   returns an error if its terminal parameter is null.

	      putp calls tputs,	returning the same error-codes.

		   returns  an	error  if the associated call to setupterm re-
		   turns an error.

		   returns an error if it cannot allocate  enough  memory,  or
		   create the initial windows (stdscr, curscr, newscr).	 Other
		   error conditions are	documented above.

		   returns an error if the string parameter is null.  It  does
		   not detect I/O errors: X/Open states	that tputs ignores the
		   return value	of the output function putc.

       The setupterm routine should be used in place of	setterm.   It  may  be
       useful  when you	want to	test for terminal capabilities without commit-
       ting to the allocation of storage involved in initscr.

       Note that vidattr and vidputs may be macros.

       The function setterm is not described by	X/Open and must	be  considered
       non-portable.  All other	functions are as described by X/Open.

       setupterm  copies  the terminal name to the array ttytype.  This	is not
       part of X/Open Curses, but is assumed by	some applications.

       In System V Release 4, set_curterm has an int return type  and  returns
       OK or ERR.  We have chosen to implement the X/Open Curses semantics.

       In  System  V  Release  4, the third argument of	tputs has the type int

       At least	one implementation of X/Open Curses (Solaris) returns a	 value
       other  than  OK/ERR from	tputs.	That returns the length	of the string,
       and does	no error-checking.

       X/Open Curses prototypes	tparm  with  a	fixed  number  of  parameters,
       rather than a variable argument list.  This implementation uses a vari-
       able argument list.  Portable applications should provide 9  parameters
       after the format; zeroes	are fine for this purpose.

       X/Open  notes  that after calling mvcur,	the curses state may not match
       the actual terminal state, and that an application should touch and re-
       fresh the window	before resuming	normal curses calls.  Both ncurses and
       System V	Release	4 curses implement mvcur using the SCREEN  data	 allo-
       cated  in  either  initscr or newterm.  So though it is documented as a
       terminfo	function, mvcur	is really a curses function which is not  well

       X/Open  states that the old location must be given for mvcur.  This im-
       plementation allows the caller to use -1's for the old  ordinates.   In
       that case, the old location is unknown.

       Extended	terminal capability names, e.g., as defined by tic -x, are not
       stored in the arrays described in this section.

       curses(3X),   curs_initscr(3X),	 curs_kernel(3X),    curs_termcap(3X),
       putc(3),	terminfo(5)



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