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THR_NEW(2)		    BSD	System Calls Manual		    THR_NEW(2)

NAME
     thr_new --	create new thread of execution

LIBRARY
     Standard C	Library	(libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/thr.h>

     int
     thr_new(struct thr_param *param, int param_size);

DESCRIPTION
     This function is intended for implementing	threading.  Normal applica-
     tions should call pthread_create(3) instead.

     The thr_new() system call creates a new kernel-scheduled thread of	execu-
     tion in the context of the	current	process.  The newly created thread
     shares all	attributes of the process with the existing kernel-scheduled
     threads in	the process, but has private processor execution state.	 The
     machine context for the new thread	is copied from the creating thread's
     context, including	coprocessor state.  FPU	state and specific machine
     registers are excluded from the copy.  These are set according to ABI re-
     quirements	and syscall parameters.	 The FPU state for the new thread is
     reinitialized to clean.

     The param structure supplies parameters affecting the thread creation.
     The structure is defined in the <sys/thr.h> header	as follows

     struct thr_param {
	 void	       (*start_func)(void *);
	 void	       *arg;
	 char	       *stack_base;
	 size_t	       stack_size;
	 char	       *tls_base;
	 size_t	       tls_size;
	 long	       *child_tid;
	 long	       *parent_tid;
	 int	       flags;
	 struct	rtprio *rtp;
     };
     and contains the following	fields:

     start_func	 Pointer to the	thread entry function.	The kernel arranges
		 for the new thread to start executing the function upon the
		 first return to userspace.

     arg	 Opaque	argument supplied to the entry function.

     stack_base	 Stack base address.  The stack	must be	allocated by the
		 caller.  On some architectures, the ABI might require that
		 the system put	information on the stack to ensure the execu-
		 tion environment for start_func.

     stack_size	 Stack size.

     tls_base	 TLS base address.  The	value of TLS base is loaded into the
		 ABI-defined machine register in the new thread	context.

     tls_size	 TLS size.

     child_tid	 Address to store the new thread identifier, for the child's
		 use.

     parent_tid	 Address to store the new thread identifier, for the parent's
		 use.

		 Both child_tid	and parent_tid are provided, with the intent
		 that child_tid	is used	by the new thread to get its thread
		 identifier without issuing the	thr_self(2) syscall, while
		 parent_tid is used by the thread creator.  The	latter is sep-
		 arate from child_tid because the new thread might exit	and
		 free its thread data before the parent	has a chance to	exe-
		 cute far enough to access it.

     flags	 Thread	creation flags.	 The flags member may specify the fol-
		 lowing	flags:

		 THR_SUSPENDED	   Create the new thread in the	suspended
				   state.  The flag is not currently imple-
				   mented.

		 THR_SYSTEM_SCOPE  Create the system scope thread.  The	flag
				   is not currently implemented.

     rtp	 Real-time scheduling priority for the new thread.  May	be
		 NULL to inherit the priority from the creating	thread.

     The param_size argument should be set to the size of the param structure.

     After the first successful	creation of an additional thread, the process
     is	marked by the kernel as	multi-threaded.	 In particular,	the
     P_HADTHREADS flag is set in the process' p_flag (visible in the ps(1)
     output), and several operations are executed in multi-threaded mode.  For
     instance, the execve(2) system call terminates all	threads	but the	call-
     ing one on	successful execution.

RETURN VALUES
     If	successful, thr_new() will return zero,	otherwise -1 is	returned, and
     errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The thr_new() operation returns the following errors:

     [EFAULT]		The memory pointed to by the param argument is not
			valid.

     [EFAULT]		The memory pointed to by the param structure
			child_tid, parent_tid or rtp arguments is not valid.

     [EFAULT]		The specified stack base is invalid, or	the kernel was
			unable to put required initial data on the stack.

     [EINVAL]		The param_size argument	specifies a negative value, or
			the value is greater than the largest struct param
			size the kernel	can interpret.

     [EINVAL]		The rtp	member is not NULL and specifies invalid
			scheduling parameters.

     [EINVAL]		The specified TLS base is invalid.

     [EPERM]		The caller does	not have permission to set the sched-
			uling parameters or scheduling policy.

     [EPROCLIM]		Creation of the	new thread would exceed	the RACCT_NTHR
			limit, see racct(2).

     [EPROCLIM]		Creation of the	new thread would exceed	the
			kern.threads.max_threads_per_proc sysctl(2) limit.

     [ENOMEM]		There was not enough kernel memory to allocate the new
			thread structures.

SEE ALSO
     ps(1), execve(2), racct(2), thr_exit(2), thr_kill(2), thr_kill2(2),
     thr_self(2), thr_set_name(2), _umtx_op(2),	pthread_create(3)

STANDARDS
     The thr_new() system call is non-standard and is used by the 1:1
     Threading Library (libthr,	-lthr) to implement IEEE Std 1003.1-2001
     ("POSIX.1") pthread(3) functionality.

BSD				 June 2, 2016				   BSD

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUES | ERRORS | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS

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