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SYSLOGD(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		    SYSLOGD(8)

     syslogd --	log systems messages

     syslogd [-dsuv] [-a allowed_peer] [-f config_file]	[-m mark_interval]
	     [-p log_socket] [-l path]

     The syslogd daemon	reads and logs messages	to the system console, log
     files, other machines and/or users	as specified by	its configuration
     file.  The	options	are as follows:

     -a	allowed_peer
	     Allow allowed_peer	to log to this syslogd using UDP datagrams.
	     Multiple -a options may be	specified.

	     Allowed_peer can be any of	the following:

	     ipaddr/masklen[:service]	 Accept	datagrams from ipaddr (in the
					 usual dotted quad notation) with
					 masklen bits being taken into account
					 when doing the	address	comparision.
					 If specified, service is the name or
					 number	of an UDP service (see
					 services(5))the source	packet must
					 belong	to.  A service of `*' allows
					 packets being sent from any UDP port.
					 The default service is	`syslog'.  A
					 missing masklen will be substituted
					 by the	historic class A or class B
					 netmasks if ipaddr belongs into the
					 address range of class	A or B,
					 respectively, or by 24	otherwise.

	     domainname[:service]	 Accept	datagrams where	the reverse
					 address lookup	yields domainname for
					 the sender address.  The meaning of
					 service is as explained above.

	     *domainname[:service]	 Same as before, except	that any
					 source	host whose name	ends in
					 domainname will get permission.

     -d	     Put syslogd into debugging	mode.  This is probably	only of	use to
	     developers	working	on syslogd.

     -f	     Specify the pathname of an	alternate configuration	file; the
	     default is	/etc/syslog.conf.

     -m	     Select the	number of minutes between ``mark'' messages; the
	     default is	20 minutes.

     -p	     Specify the pathname of an	alternate log socket to	be used
	     instead; the default is /var/run/log.

     -l	     Specify a location	where syslogd should place an additional log
	     socket.  Up to 19 additional logging sockets can be specified.
	     The primary use for this is to place additional log sockets in
	     /dev/log of various chroot	filespaces.

     -s	     Operate in	secure mode.  Do not log messages from remote
	     machines.	The messages will be received and counted and a	log
	     entry produced every time the count exceeds a power of two.

     -u	     Unique priority logging.  Only log	messages at the	specified pri-
	     ority.  Without this option, messages at the stated priority or
	     higher are	logged.	 This option changes the default comparison
	     from ``=>'' to ``=''.

     -v	     Verbose logging.  If specified once, the numeric facility and
	     priority are logged with each locally-written message.  If	speci-
	     fied more than once, the names of the facility and	priority are
	     logged with each locally-written message.

     The syslogd daemon	reads its configuration	file when it starts up and
     whenever it receives a hangup signal.  For	information on the format of
     the configuration file, see syslog.conf(5).

     The syslogd daemon	reads messages from the	UNIX domain socket
     /var/run/log, from	an Internet domain socket specified in /etc/services,
     and from the special device /dev/klog (to read kernel messages).

     The syslogd daemon	creates	the file /var/run/, and stores its
     process id	there.	This can be used to kill or reconfigure	syslogd.

     The message sent to syslogd should	consist	of a single line.  The message
     can contain a priority code, which	should be a preceding decimal number
     in	angle braces, for example, `<5.>' This priority	code should map	into
     the priorities defined in the include file	<sys/syslog.h>.

     /etc/syslog.conf	  configuration	file
     /var/run/  process id of	current	syslogd
     /var/run/log	  name of the UNIX domain datagram log socket
     /dev/klog		  kernel log device

     logger(1),	syslog(3), services(5),	syslog.conf(5)

     The syslogd command appeared in 4.3BSD.

     The -a, -s, -u, and -v options are	FreeBSD	2.2 extensions.

     The ability to log	messages received in UDP packets is equivalent to an
     unauthenticated remote disk-filling service, and should probably be dis-
     abled by default.	Some sort of inter-syslogd authentication mechanism
     ought to be worked	out.  To prevent the worst abuse, use of the -a	option
     is	therefore highly recommended.

     The -a matching algorithm doesn't pretend to be very efficient; use of
     numeric IP	addresses is faster than domain	name comparision.  Since the
     allowed peer list is being	walked linearly, peer groups where frequent
     messages are being	anticipated from should	be put early into the -a list.

     The log socket was	moved from /dev	to ease	the use	of a read-only root
     filesystem. This may confuse some old binaries so that a symbolic link
     might be used for a transitional period.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution      October 12, 1995	     4.2 Berkeley Distribution


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