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STARTX(1)		    General Commands Manual		     STARTX(1)

NAME
       startx -	initialize an X	session

SYNOPSIS
       startx  [  [ client ] options ... ] [ --	[ server ] [ display ] options
       ... ]

DESCRIPTION
       The startx script is a front end	to xinit(1) that provides  a  somewhat
       nicer  user interface for running a single session of the X Window Sys-
       tem.  It	is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start  a
       client in the same manner as xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks
       the end of client arguments and the beginning of	 server	 options.   It
       may  be convenient to specify server options with startx	to change on a
       per-session basis the default color depth, the server's notion  of  the
       number  of dots-per-inch	the display device presents, or	take advantage
       of a different server layout, as	permitted by the  Xorg(1)  server  and
       specified in the	xorg.conf(5) configuration.  Some examples of specify-
       ing server arguments follow; consult the	manual page for	your X	server
       to determine which arguments are	legal.

	      startx --	-depth 16

	      startx --	-dpi 100

	      startx --	-layout	Multihead

       To  determine  the  client to run, startx first looks for a file	called
       .xinitrc	in the user's home directory.  If that is not found,  it  uses
       the  file  xinitrc  in  the  xinit  library directory.  If command line
       client options are given, they override this behavior and revert	to the
       xinit(1)	 behavior.  To determine the server to run, startx first looks
       for a file called .xserverrc in the user's home directory.  If that  is
       not  found,  it uses the	file xserverrc in the xinit library directory.
       If command line server options are given, they override	this  behavior
       and  revert  to	the xinit(1) behavior.	Users rarely need to provide a
       .xserverrc file.	 See the xinit(1) manual page for more details on  the
       arguments.

       The  system-wide	 xinitrc and xserverrc files are found in the /usr/lo-
       cal/etc/X11/xinit directory.

       The .xinitrc is typically a shell script	which starts many clients  ac-
       cording to the user's preference.  When this shell script exits,	startx
       kills the server	and performs any other session shutdown	needed.	  Most
       of  the	clients	 started  by .xinitrc should be	run in the background.
       The last	client should run in the foreground; when it exits,  the  ses-
       sion will exit.	People often choose a session manager, window manager,
       or xterm	as the ''magic'' client.

EXAMPLE
       Below is	a sample .xinitrc that starts several applications and	leaves
       the  window manager running as the ''last'' application.	 Assuming that
       the window manager has been configured properly,	the user then  chooses
       the ''Exit'' menu item to shut down X.

	   xrdb	-load $HOME/.Xresources
	   xsetroot -solid gray	&
	   xbiff -geometry -430+5 &
	   oclock -geometry 75x75-0-0 &
	   xload -geometry -80-0 &
	   xterm -geometry +0+60 -ls &
	   xterm -geometry +0-100 &
	   xconsole -geometry -0+0 -fn 5x7 &
	   exec	twm

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       DISPLAY			This variable gets set to the name of the dis-
				play to	which clients  should  connect.	  Note
				that this gets set, not	read.

       XAUTHORITY		This  variable,	 if  not already defined, gets
				set to $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is  to  pre-
				vent  the X server, if not given the -auth ar-
				gument,	from automatically setting up insecure
				host-based  authentication for the local host.
				See the	 Xserver(1)  and  Xsecurity(7)	manual
				pages  for more	information on X client/server
				authentication.

FILES
       $(HOME)/.xinitrc		Client to run.	Typically a shell script which
				runs many programs in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc	Server to run.	The default is X.

       /usr/local/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
				Client	to  run	 if  the  user has no .xinitrc
				file.

       /usr/local/etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc
				Server to run if the user  has	no  .xserverrc
				file.

SEE ALSO
       xinit(1), X(7), Xserver(1), Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5)

X Version 11			  xinit	1.3.3			     STARTX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXAMPLE | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | FILES | SEE ALSO

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