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SNMPTRAPD(8)			   Net-SNMP			  SNMPTRAPD(8)

NAME
       snmptrapd - Receive and log SNMP	trap messages.

SYNOPSIS
       snmptrapd [OPTIONS] [LISTENING ADDRESSES]

DESCRIPTION
       snmptrapd  is  an SNMP application that receives	and logs SNMP TRAP and
       INFORM messages.

       Note: the default is to listen on UDP port 162 on all IPv4  interfaces.
       Since  162  is  a  privileged  port, snmptrapd must typically be	run as
       root.

OPTIONS
       -a      Ignore authenticationFailure traps.

       -A      Append to the log file rather than truncating it.

	       Note that this needs to come before any	-Lf  options  that  it
	       should apply to.

       -c FILE Read FILE as a configuration file (or a comma-separated list of
	       configuration files).

       -C      Do not read any configuration files except the  one  optionally
	       specified by the	-c option.

       -d      Dump (in	hexadecimal) the sent and received SNMP	packets.

       -D[TOKEN[,...]]
	       Turn  on	 debugging output for the given	TOKEN(s).  Try ALL for
	       extremely verbose output.

       -f      Do not fork() from the calling shell.

       -F FORMAT
	       When logging to standard	output,	use the	format in  the	string
	       FORMAT.	 See  the section FORMAT SPECIFICATIONS	below for more
	       details.

       -h, --help
	       Display a brief usage message and then exit.

       -H      Display a list of configuration file directives	understood  by
	       the trap	daemon and then	exit.

       -I [-]INITLIST
	       Specifies  which	 modules should	(or should not)	be initialized
	       when snmptrapd starts up.  If the comma-separated  INITLIST  is
	       preceded	 with a	'-', it	is the list of modules that should not
	       be started.  Otherwise this is the list	of  the	 only  modules
	       that should be started.

	       To get a	list of	compiled modules, run snmptrapd	with the argu-
	       ments -Dmib_init	-H (assuming debugging support has  been  com-
	       piled in).

       -L[efos]
	       Specify where logging output should be directed (standard error
	       or output, to a file or via syslog).  See  LOGGING  OPTIONS  in
	       snmpcmd(1) for details.

       -m MIBLIST
	       Specifies  a  colon  separated  list of MIB modules to load for
	       this application.   This	 overrides  the	 environment  variable
	       MIBS.  See snmpcmd(1) for details.

       -M DIRLIST
	       Specifies  a  colon separated list of directories to search for
	       MIBs.  This overrides the environment  variable	MIBDIRS.   See
	       snmpcmd(1) for details.

       -n      Do  not attempt to translate source addresses of	incoming pack-
	       ets into	hostnames.

       -p FILE Save the	process	ID of the trap daemon in FILE.

       -O [abeEfnqQsStTuUvxX]
	       Specifies how MIB objects and other output should be displayed.
	       See  the	 section  OUTPUT OPTIONS in the	snmpcmd(1) manual page
	       for details.

       -t      Do not log traps	to syslog.  This disables logging  to  syslog.
	       This  is	 useful	 if you	want the snmptrapd application to only
	       run traphandle hooks and	not to log any traps to	any location.

       -v, --version
	       Print version information for the trap daemon and then exit.

       -x ADDRESS
	       Connect to the AgentX master agent on  the  specified  address,
	       rather than the default "/var/agentx/master".  See snmpd(8) for
	       details of the format of	such addresses.

       -X      Do not connect to a AgentX master agent

       --name="value"
	       Allows one to specify any token ("name")	supported in  the  sn-
	       mptrapd.conf  file and sets its value to	"value". Overrides the
	       corresponding  token  in	 the  snmptrapd.conf  file.  See   sn-
	       mptrapd.conf(5) for the full list of tokens.

FORMAT SPECIFICATIONS
       snmptrapd  interprets format strings similarly to printf(3).  It	under-
       stands the following formatting sequences:

	   %%  a literal %

	   %a  the contents of the agent-addr field of the PDU (v1 TRAPs only)

	   %A  the hostname corresponding to the contents  of  the  agent-addr
	       field  of  the PDU, if available, otherwise the contents	of the
	       agent-addr field	of the PDU (v1 TRAPs only).

	   %b  PDU transport address (Note: this is not	 necessarily  an  IPv4
	       address).
	       Something like "[UDP: [172.16.10.12]:23456->[10.150.0.8]]"

	   %B  PDU  source hostname if available, otherwise PDU	source address
	       (see note above)

	   %E  SNMPv3 context engine id

	   %h  current hour on the local system

	   %H  the hour	field from the sysUpTime.0 varbind

	   %j  current minute on the local system

	   %J  the minute field	from the sysUpTime.0 varbind

	   %k  current second on the local system

	   %K  the seconds field from the sysUpTime.0 varbind

	   %l  current day of month on the local system

	   %L  the day of month	field from the sysUpTime.0 varbind

	   %m  current (numeric) month on the local system

	   %M  the numeric month field from the	sysUpTime.0 varbind

	   %N  enterprise string

	   %P  security	information from the PDU (community name  for  v1/v2c,
	       user and	context	for v3)

	   %q  trap sub-type (numeric, in decimal)

	   %s  SNMP version number (0: v1, 1: v2c, 2: v3)

	   %S  SNMPv3 security model version number

	   %t  decimal	number of seconds since	the operating system epoch (as
	       returned	by time(2))

	   %T  the value of the	sysUpTime.0 varbind in seconds

	   %u  SNMPv3 security name, or	v1/v2c community name

	   %v  list of variable-bindings from the notification payload.	 These
	       will  be	 separated  by a tab, or by a comma and	a blank	if the
	       alternate form is requested See also %V

	   %V  specifies the variable-bindings separator.  This	 takes	a  se-
	       quence  of  characters,	up  to the next	% (to embed a %	in the
	       string, use \%)

	   %w  trap type (numeric, in decimal)

	   %W  trap description

	   %y  current year on the local system

	   %Y  the year	field from the sysUpTime.0 varbind

       In addition to these values, an optional	field width and	precision  may
       also be specified , just	as in printf(3), and a flag value. The follow-
       ing flags are supported:

	   -   left justify

	   0   use leading zeros

	   #   use alternate form

       The "use	alternate form"	flag changes the behavior  of  various	format
       string sequences:

	      Time information will be displayed based on GMT (rather than the
	      local timezone)

	      The variable-bindings will be  a	comma-separated	 list  (rather
	      than a tab-separated one)

	      The  system  uptime  will	be broken down into a human-meaningful
	      format (rather than being	a simple integer)

   Examples:
       To get a	message	like "14:03 TRAP3.1 from humpty.ucd.edu" you could use
       something like this:

	      snmptrapd	-P -F "%02.2h:%02.2j TRAP%w.%q from %A\n"

       If you want the same thing but in GMT rather than local time, use

	      snmptrapd	-P -F "%#02.2h:%#02.2j TRAP%w.%q from %A\n"

LISTENING ADDRESSES
       By default, snmptrapd listens for incoming SNMP TRAP and	INFORM packets
       on UDP port 162 on all IPv4 interfaces.	However,  it  is  possible  to
       modify  this behaviour by specifying one	or more	listening addresses as
       arguments to snmptrapd.	See the	snmpd(8) manual	page for more informa-
       tion about the format of	listening addresses.

NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB SUPPORT
       As  of  net-snmp	 5.0, the snmptrapd application	supports the NOTIFICA-
       TION-LOG-MIB.  It does this by opening an AgentX	subagent connection to
       the master snmpd	agent and registering the notification log tables.  As
       long as the snmpd application is	started	first, it will	attach	itself
       to  it  and thus	you should be able to view the last recorded notifica-
       tions  via  the	nlmLogTable  and  nlmLogVariableTable.	 See  the  sn-
       mptrapd.conf file and the "doNotRetainNotificationLogs" token for turn-
       ing off this support.  See the NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB  for	 more  details
       about the MIB itself.

EXTENSIBILITY AND CONFIGURATION
       See the snmptrapd.conf(5) manual	page.

SEE ALSO
       snmpcmd(1), snmpd(8), printf(3),	snmptrapd.conf(5), syslog(8), traptoe-
       mail(1),	variables(5)

V5.7.3				  27 Apr 2014			  SNMPTRAPD(8)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | FORMAT SPECIFICATIONS | LISTENING ADDRESSES | NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB SUPPORT | EXTENSIBILITY AND CONFIGURATION | SEE ALSO

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