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SMBCACLS(1)			 User Commands			   SMBCACLS(1)

NAME
       smbcacls	- Set or get ACLs on an	NT file	or directory names

SYNOPSIS
       smbcacls	{//server/share} {/filename} [-D|--delete acl]
	[-M|--modify acl] [-a|--add acl] [-S|--set acl]	[-C|--chown name]
	[-G|--chgrp name] [-I allow|remove|copy] [--numeric] [-t]
	[-U username] [-d] [-e]	[-m|--max-protocol LEVEL]
	[--query-security-info FLAGS] [--set-security-info FLAGS] [--sddl]
	[--domain-sid SID]

DESCRIPTION
       This tool is part of the	samba(7) suite.

       The smbcacls program manipulates	NT Access Control Lists	(ACLs) on SMB
       file shares. An ACL is comprised	zero or	more Access Control Entries
       (ACEs), which define access restrictions	for a specific user or group.

OPTIONS
       The following options are available to the smbcacls program. The	format
       of ACLs is described in the section ACL FORMAT

       -a|--add	acl
	   Add the entries specified to	the ACL. Existing access control
	   entries are unchanged.

       -M|--modify acl
	   Modify the mask value (permissions) for the ACEs specified on the
	   command line. An error will be printed for each ACE specified that
	   was not already present in the object's ACL.

       -D|--delete acl
	   Delete any ACEs specified on	the command line. An error will	be
	   printed for each ACE	specified that was not already present in the
	   object's ACL.

       -S|--set	acl
	   This	command	sets the ACL on	the object with	only what is specified
	   on the command line.	Any existing ACL is erased. Note that the ACL
	   specified must contain at least a revision, type, owner and group
	   for the call	to succeed.

       -C|--chown name
	   The owner of	a file or directory can	be changed to the name given
	   using the -C	option.	The name can be	a sid in the form S-1-x-y-z or
	   a name resolved against the server specified	in the first argument.

	   This	command	is a shortcut for -M OWNER:name.

       -G|--chgrp name
	   The group owner of a	file or	directory can be changed to the	name
	   given using the -G option. The name can be a	sid in the form
	   S-1-x-y-z or	a name resolved	against	the server specified n the
	   first argument.

	   This	command	is a shortcut for -M GROUP:name.

       -I|--inherit allow|remove|copy
	   Set or unset	the windows "Allow inheritable permissions" check box
	   using the -I	option.	To set the check box pass allow. To unset the
	   check box pass either remove	or copy. Remove	will remove all
	   inherited acls. Copy	will copy all the inherited acls.

       --numeric
	   This	option displays	all ACL	information in numeric format. The
	   default is to convert SIDs to names and ACE types and masks to a
	   readable string format.

       -m|--max-protocol PROTOCOL_NAME
	   This	allows the user	to select the highest SMB protocol level that
	   smbcacls will use to	connect	to the server. By default this is set
	   to NT1, which is the	highest	available SMB1 protocol. To connect
	   using SMB2 or SMB3 protocol,	use the	strings	SMB2 or	SMB3
	   respectively. Note that to connect to a Windows 2012	server with
	   encrypted transport selecting a max-protocol	of SMB3	is required.

       -t|--test-args
	   Don't actually do anything, only validate the correctness of	the
	   arguments.

       --query-security-info FLAGS
	   The security-info flags for queries.

       --set-security-info FLAGS
	   The security-info flags for queries.

       --sddl
	   Output and input acls in sddl format.

       --domain-sid SID
	   SID used for	sddl processing.

       -d|--debuglevel=level
	   level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
	   parameter is	not specified is 0.

	   The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the	log
	   files about the activities of the server. At	level 0, only critical
	   errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable
	   level for day-to-day	running	- it generates a small amount of
	   information about operations	carried	out.

	   Levels above	1 will generate	considerable amounts of	log data, and
	   should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3
	   are designed	for use	only by	developers and generate	HUGE amounts
	   of log data,	most of	which is extremely cryptic.

	   Note	that specifying	this parameter here will override the log
	   level parameter in the smb.conf file.

       -V|--version
	   Prints the program version number.

       -s|--configfile=<configuration file>
	   The file specified contains the configuration details required by
	   the server. The information in this file includes server-specific
	   information such as what printcap file to use, as well as
	   descriptions	of all the services that the server is to provide. See
	   smb.conf for	more information. The default configuration file name
	   is determined at compile time.

       -l|--log-basename=logdirectory
	   Base	directory name for log/debug files. The	extension ".progname"
	   will	be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The	log
	   file	is never removed by the	client.

       --option=<name>=<value>
	   Set the smb.conf(5) option "<name>" to value	"<value>" from the
	   command line. This overrides	compiled-in defaults and options read
	   from	the configuration file.

       -N|--no-pass
	   If specified, this parameter	suppresses the normal password prompt
	   from	the client to the user.	This is	useful when accessing a
	   service that	does not require a password.

	   Unless a password is	specified on the command line or this
	   parameter is	specified, the client will request a password.

	   If a	password is specified on the command line and this option is
	   also	defined	the password on	the command line will be silently
	   ingnored and	no password will be used.

       -k|--kerberos
	   Try to authenticate with kerberos. Only useful in an	Active
	   Directory environment.

       -C|--use-ccache
	   Try to use the credentials cached by	winbind.

       -A|--authentication-file=filename
	   This	option allows you to specify a file from which to read the
	   username and	password used in the connection. The format of the
	   file	is

	       username	= <value>
	       password	= <value>
	       domain	= <value>

	   Make	certain	that the permissions on	the file restrict access from
	   unwanted users.

       -U|--user=username[%password]
	   Sets	the SMB	username or username and password.

	   If %password	is not specified, the user will	be prompted. The
	   client will first check the USER environment	variable, then the
	   LOGNAME variable and	if either exists, the string is	uppercased. If
	   these environmental variables are not found,	the username GUEST is
	   used.

	   A third option is to	use a credentials file which contains the
	   plaintext of	the username and password. This	option is mainly
	   provided for	scripts	where the admin	does not wish to pass the
	   credentials on the command line or via environment variables. If
	   this	method is used,	make certain that the permissions on the file
	   restrict access from	unwanted users.	See the	-A for more details.

	   Be cautious about including passwords in scripts. Also, on many
	   systems the command line of a running process may be	seen via the
	   ps command. To be safe always allow rpcclient to prompt for a
	   password and	type it	in directly.

       -S|--signing on|off|required
	   Set the client signing state.

       -P|--machine-pass
	   Use stored machine account password.

       -e|--encrypt
	   This	command	line parameter requires	the remote server support the
	   UNIX	extensions or that the SMB3 protocol has been selected.
	   Requests that the connection	be encrypted. Negotiates SMB
	   encryption using either SMB3	or POSIX extensions via	GSSAPI.	Uses
	   the given credentials for the encryption negotiation	(either
	   kerberos or NTLMv1/v2 if given domain/username/password triple.
	   Fails the connection	if encryption cannot be	negotiated.

       --pw-nt-hash
	   The supplied	password is the	NT hash.

       -n|--netbiosname	<primary NetBIOS name>
	   This	option allows you to override the NetBIOS name that Samba uses
	   for itself. This is identical to setting the	netbios	name parameter
	   in the smb.conf file. However, a command line setting will take
	   precedence over settings in smb.conf.

       -i|--scope <scope>
	   This	specifies a NetBIOS scope that nmblookup will use to
	   communicate with when generating NetBIOS names. For details on the
	   use of NetBIOS scopes, see rfc1001.txt and rfc1002.txt. NetBIOS
	   scopes are very rarely used,	only set this parameter	if you are the
	   system administrator	in charge of all the NetBIOS systems you
	   communicate with.

       -W|--workgroup=domain
	   Set the SMB domain of the username. This overrides the default
	   domain which	is the domain defined in smb.conf. If the domain
	   specified is	the same as the	servers	NetBIOS	name, it causes	the
	   client to log on using the servers local SAM	(as opposed to the
	   Domain SAM).

       -O|--socket-options socket options
	   TCP socket options to set on	the client socket. See the socket
	   options parameter in	the smb.conf manual page for the list of valid
	   options.

       -?|--help
	   Print a summary of command line options.

       --usage
	   Display brief usage message.

ACL FORMAT
       The format of an	ACL is one or more entries separated by	either commas
       or newlines. An ACL entry is one	of the following:

	   REVISION:<revision number>
	   OWNER:<sid or name>
	   GROUP:<sid or name>
	   ACL:<sid or name>:<type>/<flags>/<mask>

       The revision of the ACL specifies the internal Windows NT ACL revision
       for the security	descriptor. If not specified it	defaults to 1. Using
       values other than 1 may cause strange behaviour.

       The owner and group specify the owner and group sids for	the object. If
       a SID in	the format S-1-x-y-z is	specified this is used,	otherwise the
       name specified is resolved using	the server on which the	file or
       directory resides.

       ACEs are	specified with an "ACL:" prefix, and define permissions
       granted to an SID. The SID again	can be specified in S-1-x-y-z format
       or as a name in which case it is	resolved against the server on which
       the file	or directory resides. The type,	flags and mask values
       determine the type of access granted to the SID.

       The type	can be either ALLOWED or DENIED	to allow/deny access to	the
       SID. The	flags values are generally zero	for file ACEs and either 9 or
       2 for directory ACEs. Some common flags are:

       o   #define SEC_ACE_FLAG_OBJECT_INHERIT 0x1

       o   #define SEC_ACE_FLAG_CONTAINER_INHERIT 0x2

       o   #define SEC_ACE_FLAG_NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT 0x4

       o   #define SEC_ACE_FLAG_INHERIT_ONLY 0x8

       At present, flags can only be specified as decimal or hexadecimal
       values.

       The mask	is a value which expresses the access right granted to the
       SID. It can be given as a decimal or hexadecimal	value, or by using one
       of the following	text strings which map to the NT file permissions of
       the same	name.

       o   R - Allow read access

       o   W - Allow write access

       o   X - Execute permission on the object

       o   D - Delete the object

       o   P - Change permissions

       o   O - Take ownership

       The following combined permissions can be specified:

       o   READ	- Equivalent to	'RX' permissions

       o   CHANGE - Equivalent to 'RXWD' permissions

       o   FULL	- Equivalent to	'RWXDPO' permissions

EXIT STATUS
       The smbcacls program sets the exit status depending on the success or
       otherwise of the	operations performed. The exit status may be one of
       the following values.

       If the operation	succeeded, smbcacls returns and	exit status of 0. If
       smbcacls	couldn't connect to the	specified server, or there was an
       error getting or	setting	the ACLs, an exit status of 1 is returned. If
       there was an error parsing any command line arguments, an exit status
       of 2 is returned.

VERSION
       This man	page is	correct	for version 4 of the Samba suite.

AUTHOR
       The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
       Andrew Tridgell.	Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
       Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

       smbcacls	was written by Andrew Tridgell and Tim Potter.

       The conversion to DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done	by Gerald Carter. The
       conversion to DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander
       Bokovoy.

Samba 4.3			  12/10/2015			   SMBCACLS(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | ACL FORMAT | EXIT STATUS | VERSION | AUTHOR

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