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SLAPPASSWD(8C)							SLAPPASSWD(8C)

NAME
       slappasswd - OpenLDAP password utility

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/local/sbin/slappasswd  [-v]	 [-u] [-g|-s secret|-T file] [-h hash]
       [-c salt-format]	[-n] [-o option[=value]]

DESCRIPTION
       Slappasswd is used to generate an userPassword value suitable  for  use
       with ldapmodify(1), slapd.conf(5) rootpw	configuration directive	or the
       slapd-config(5) olcRootPW configuration directive.

OPTIONS
       -v     enable verbose mode.

       -u     Generate RFC 2307	userPassword  values  (the  default).	Future
	      versions	of  this  program may generate alternative syntaxes by
	      default.	This option is provided	for forward compatibility.

       -s secret
	      The secret to hash.  If this, -g and -T  are  absent,  the  user
	      will  be prompted	for the	secret to hash.	 -s, -g	and -T are mu-
	      tually exclusive flags.

       -g     Generate the secret.  If this, -s	and -T are  absent,  the  user
	      will  be prompted	for the	secret to hash.	 -s, -g	and -T are mu-
	      tually exclusive flags.  If this is present, {CLEARTEXT} is used
	      as scheme.  -g and -h are	mutually exclusive flags.

       -T "file"
	      Hash  the	 contents of the file.	If this, -g and	-s are absent,
	      the user will be prompted	for the	secret to hash.	 -s, -g	and -T
	      and mutually exclusive flags.

       -h "scheme"
	      If -h is specified, one of the following RFC 2307	schemes	may be
	      specified: {CRYPT}, {MD5}, {SMD5}, {SSHA}, and {SHA}.   The  de-
	      fault is {SSHA}.

	      Note that	scheme names may need to be protected, due to {	and },
	      from expansion by	the user's command interpreter.

	      {SHA} and	{SSHA} use the SHA-1 algorithm (FIPS 160-1), the  lat-
	      ter with a seed.

	      {MD5}  and  {SMD5}  use the MD5 algorithm	(RFC 1321), the	latter
	      with a seed.

	      {CRYPT} uses the crypt(3).

	      {CLEARTEXT} indicates that the new password should be  added  to
	      userPassword  as	clear  text.  Unless {CLEARTEXT} is used, this
	      flag is incompatible with	option -g.

       -c crypt-salt-format
	      Specify the format of the	salt passed to crypt(3)	when  generat-
	      ing  {CRYPT}  passwords.	 This string needs to be in sprintf(3)
	      format and may include one (and only one)	%s  conversion.	  This
	      conversion  will	be substituted with a string of	random charac-
	      ters from	[A-Za-z0-9./].	For example,  '%.2s'  provides	a  two
	      character	 salt and '$1$%.8s' tells some versions	of crypt(3) to
	      use an MD5 algorithm and provides	8 random characters  of	 salt.
	      The default is '%s', which provides 31 characters	of salt.

       -n     Omit the trailing	newline; useful	to pipe	the credentials	into a
	      command.

       -o option[=value]
	      Specify an option	with a(n optional)  value.   Possible  generic
	      options/values are:

		     module-path=<pathspec> (see `modulepath' in slapd.conf(5))
		     module-load=<filename> (see `moduleload' in slapd.conf(5))

	      You can load a dynamically loadable password hash	module by
	      using this option.

LIMITATIONS
       The practice of storing hashed passwords	in userPassword	violates Stan-
       dard Track (RFC 4519) schema specifications and may  hinder  interoper-
       ability.	  A new	attribute type,	authPassword, to hold hashed passwords
       has been	defined	(RFC 3112), but	is not yet implemented in slapd(8).

       It should also be noted that the	behavior of crypt(3) is	platform  spe-
       cific.

SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS
       Use  of	hashed	passwords  does	 not protect passwords during protocol
       transfer.  TLS or other eavesdropping protections  should  be  in-place
       before using LDAP simple	bind.

       The  hashed  password  values should be protected as if they were clear
       text passwords.

SEE ALSO
       ldappasswd(1), ldapmodify(1), slapd(8), slapd.conf(5), slapd-config(5),
       RFC 2307, RFC 4519, RFC 3112

       "OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide"	(http://www.OpenLDAP.org/doc/admin/)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       OpenLDAP	 Software  is developed	and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project
       <http://www.openldap.org/>.  OpenLDAP Software is derived from the Uni-
       versity of Michigan LDAP	3.3 Release.

OpenLDAP 2.4.45			  2017/06/01			SLAPPASSWD(8C)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | LIMITATIONS | SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS | SEE ALSO | ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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