Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
SIS(4)                 FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                 SIS(4)

       sis - SiS video driver

       Section "Device"
         Identifier "devname"
         Driver "sis"

       sis is an XFree86 driver for SiS (Silicon Integrated Systems) video
       chips. The driver is accelerated, and provides support for colordepths
       of 8, 16 and 24 bpp.  XVideo, Render and other extensions are supported
       as well.

       The sis driver supports PCI and AGP video cards based on the following

       SiS5597/5598 SiS530/620 SiS6326/AGP/DVD SiS300/305 SiS540 SiS630/730
       SiS315/H/PRO SiS550/551/552
       SiS650/651/M650/661FX/M661FX/M661MX/740/741/741GX SiS330 (Xabre) SiS760

       In the following text, the following terms are used:

       old series for SiS5597/5598, 530/620 and 6326/AGP/DVD

       300 series for SiS300/305, 540 and 630/730

       315/330 series for SiS315, 55x and (M)65x/(M)661xX/74x(GX), 330, 760

       Please refer to XF86Config(5) for general configuration details.  This
       section only covers configuration details specific to this driver.

       Detailed information on all supported options can be obtained at

       This manpage only covers a subset of the supported options.

       1. For all supported chipsets

       The following driver Options are supported on all chipsets:

       Option "NoAccel" "boolean"
              Disable or enable 2D acceleration. Default: acceleration is

       Option "HWCursor" "boolean"
              Enable or disable the HW cursor. Default: HWCursor is on.

       Option "SWCursor" "boolean"
              The opposite of HWCursor. Default: SWCursor is off.

       Option "Rotate" "CW"
              Rotate the display clockwise. This mode is unaccelerated, and
              uses the Shadow Frame Buffer layer. Using this option disables
              the Resize and Rotate extension (RandR).  Default: no rotation.

       Option "Rotate" "CCW"
              Rotate the display counterclockwise. This mode is unaccelerated,
              and uses the Shadow Frame Buffer layer. Using this option
              disables the Resize and Rotate extension (RandR).  Default: no

       Option "ShadowFB" "boolean"
              Enable or disable use of the shadow framebuffer layer.  Default:
              Shadow framebuffer is off.

       Option "CRT1Gamma" "boolean"
              Enable or disable gamma correction.  Default: Gamma correction
              is on.

       2. Old series specific information

       The driver will auto-detect the amount of video memory present for all
       these chips, but in the case of the 6326, it will limit the memory size
       to 4MB. This is because the 6326's 2D engine can only address 4MB. The
       remaining memory seems to be intended for 3D texture data, since only
       the 3D engine can address RAM above 4MB. However, you can override this
       limitation using the "VideoRAM" option in the Device section if your
       board has more than 4MB and you need to use it. However, 2D
       acceleration, Xvideo and the HWCursor will be disabled in this case.

       The driver will also auto-detect the maximum dotclock and DAC speed.
       If you have problems getting high resolutions because of dot clock
       limitations, try using the "DacSpeed" option, also in the Device
       section. However, this is not recommended for the 6326. For this chip,
       the driver has two built-in modes for high resolutions which you should
       use instead. These are named "SIS1280x1024-75" and "SIS1600x1200-60"
       and they will be added to the list of default modes. To use these
       modes, just place them in your Screen section. Example:

       Modes "SIS1600x1200-60" "SIS1280x1024x75" "1024x768" ...

       Of these modes, 1280x1024 is only available at 8, 15 and 16bpp.
       1600x1200 is available at 8bpp only.

       TV support for the 6326

       TV output is supported for the 6326. The driver will auto detect a TV
       connected and in this case add the following modes to the list of
       default modes: "PAL800x600", "PAL800x600U", "PAL720x540", "PAL640x480",
       "NTSC640x480", "NTSC640x480U" and "NTSC640x400".  Use these modes like
       the hi-res modes described above.

       The following driver Options are supported on the old series:

       Option "TurboQueue" "boolean"
              Enable or disable TurboQueue mode.  Default: off for SIS530/620,
              on for the others

       Option "FastVram" "boolean"
              Enable or disable FastVram mode.  Enabling this sets the video
              RAM timing to one cycle per read operation instead of two
              cycles. Disabling this will set two cycles for read and write
              operations. Leaving this option out uses the default, which
              varies depending on the chipset.

       Option "NoHostBus" "boolean"
              (SiS5597/5598 only). Disable CPU-to-VGA host bus support. This
              speeds up CPU to video RAM transfers. Default: Host bus is

       Option "NoXVideo" "boolean"
              Disable XV (XVideo) extension support. Default: XVideo is on.

       Option "NoYV12" "boolean"
              Disable YV12 Xv support. This might me required due to hardware
              bugs in some chipsets. Disabling YV12 support forces Xv-aware
              applications to use YUV2 or XShm for video output.  Default:
              YV12 support is on.

       Option "TVStandard" "string"
              (6326 only) Valid parameters are PAL or NTSC.  The default is
              set by a jumper on the card.

       Option "TVXPosOffset" "integer"
              (6326 only) This option allows tuning the horizontal position of
              the image for TV output. The range is from -16 to 16. Default: 0

       Option "TVYPosOffset" "integer"
              (6326 only) This option allows tuning the vertical position of
              the image for TV output. The range is from -16 to 16. Default: 0

       Option "SIS6326TVEnableYFilter" "boolean"
              (6326 only) This option allows enabling/disabling the Y (chroma)
              filter for TV output.

       Option "SIS6326TVAntiFlicker" "string"
              (6326 only) This option allow enabling/disabling the anti
              flicker facility for TV output. Possible parameters are OFF,
              LOW, MED, HIGH or ADAPTIVE.  By experience, ADAPTIVE yields the
              best results, hence it is the default.

       2. 300 and 315/330 series specific information

       The 300 and 315/330 series feature two CRT controllers and very often
       come with a video bridge for controlling LCD and TV output.
       Hereinafter, the term CRT1 refers to the VGA output of the chip, and
       CRT2 refers to either LCD, TV or secondary VGA. Due to timing reasons,
       only one CRT2 output can be active at the same time. But this
       limitation does not apply to using CRT1 and CRT2 at the same time which
       makes it possible to run the driver in dual head mode.

       The driver supports the following video bridges:

       SiS301 SiS301B(-DH) SiS301C SiS301LV SiS302(E)LV

       Instead of a video bridge, some machines have a LVDS transmitter to
       control LCD panels, and a Chrontel 7005 or 7019 for TV output. All
       these are supported as well.

       About TV output

       On the SiS301 and the Chrontel 7005, only resolutions up to 800x600 are
       supported. On all others, resolutions up to 1024x768 are supported.
       However, due to a hardware bug, Xvideo might be distorted on SiS video
       bridges if running NTSC or PAL-M at 1024x768.

       About XVideo support

       XVideo is supported on all chipsets of both families. However, there
       are some differences in hardware features which cause limitations.  The
       300 series as well as the SiS55x, M650, 651, 661FX, M661FX, and 741
       support two video overlays. The SiS315/H/PRO, 650/740 and 330 support
       only one such overlay. On chips with two overlays, one overlay is used
       for CRT1, the other for CRT2. On the other chipsets, the option
       "XvOnCRT2" can be used to select the desired output channel.

       About Merged Framebuffer support

       This mode is strongly recommended over Xinerama. Please see for detailed information.

       About dual-head support

       Dual head mode has some limitations as regards color depth and
       resolution. Due to memory bandwidth limits, CRT1 might have a reduced
       maximum refresh rate if running on higher resolutions than 1280x1024.

       Colordepth 8 is not supported when running in dual head mode.

       The following driver Options are supported on the 300 and 315/330

       Option "NoXVideo" "boolean"
              Disable XV (XVideo) extension support.  Default: XVideo is on.

       Option "XvOnCRT2" "boolean"
              On chipsets with only one video overlay, this option can used to
              bind the overlay to CRT1 ( if a monitor is detected and if this
              option is either unset or set to false ) or CRT2 ( if a CRT2
              device is detected or forced, and if this option is set to true
              ). If either only CRT1 or CRT2 is detected, the driver decides
              automatically. In Merged Framebuffer mode, this option is
              ignored.  Default: overlay is used on CRT1

       Option "ForceCRT1" "boolean"
              Force CRT1 to be on of off. If a monitor is connected, it will
              be detected during server start. However, some old monitors are
              not detected correctly. In such cases, you may set this option
              to on in order to make the driver initialize CRT1 anyway.  If
              this option is set to off , the driver will switch off CRT1.
              Default: auto-detect

       Option "ForceCRT2Type" "string"
              Force display type to one of: NONE , TV , SVIDEO , COMPOSITE ,
              SVIDEO+COMPOSITE , SCART , LCD , VGA ; NONE will disable CRT2.
              The SVIDEO, COMPOSITE, SVIDEO+COMPOSITE and SCART parameters are
              for SiS video bridges only and can be used to force the driver
              to use a specific TV output connector (if present).  Default:
              auto detect.

       Option "CRT2Gamma" "boolean"
              Enable or disable gamma correction for CRT2. Only supported for
              SiS video bridges. Default: Gamma correction for CRT2 is on.

       Option "TVStandard" "string"
              Force the TV standard to either PAL or NTSC.  On some machines
              with 630, 730 and the 315/330 series, PALM , PALN and NTSCJ are
              supported as well. Default: BIOS setting.

       Option "TVXPosOffset" "integer"
              This option allows tuning the horizontal position of the image
              for TV output. The range is from -32 to 32. Not supported on the
              Chrontel 7019. Default: 0

       Option "TVYPosOffset" "integer"
              This option allows tuning the vertical position of the image for
              TV output. The range is from -32 to 32. Not supported on the
              Chrontel 7019. Default: 0

       Option "SISTVXScale" "integer"
              This option selects the horizontal zooming level for TV output.
              The range is from -16 to 16. Only supported on SiS video
              bridges. Default: 0

       Option "SISTVYScale" "integer"
              This option selects the vertical zooming level for TV output in
              the following modes: 640x480, 800x600. On the 315/330 series,
              also 720x480, 720x576 and 768x576. The range is from -4 to 3.
              Only supported on SiS video bridges. Default: 0

       Option "CHTVOverscan" "boolean"
              On machines with a Chrontel TV encoder, this can be used to
              force the TV mode to overscan or underscan.  on means overscan,
              off means underscan.  Default: BIOS setting.

       Option "CHTVSuperOverscan" "boolean"
              On machines with a Chrontel 7005 TV encoder, this option enables
              a super-overscan mode. This is only supported if the TV standard
              is PAL. Super overscan will produce an image on the TV which is
              larger than the viewable area.

       The driver supports many more options. Please see for more information.

       3. 300 series specific information

       DRI is supported on the 300 series only. On Linux, DRI requires the
       kernel's SiS framebuffer driver ( sisfb ) and some other modules which
       come with either the kernel or the X server.

       Sisfb takes care of memory management for texture data. In order to
       prevent the X Server and sisfb from overwriting each other's data,
       sisfb reserves an amount of video memory for the X driver. This amount
       can either be selected using sisfb's mem parameter, or auto-selected
       depending on the amount of total video RAM available.

       Sisfb can be used for memory management only, or as a complete
       framebuffer driver. If you start sisfb with a valid mode (ie you gain a
       graphical console), the X driver can communicate with sisfb and doesn't
       require any manual configuration for finding out about the video memory
       it is allowed to use.  However, if you are running a 2.4 series Linux
       kernel and use sisfb for video memory management only, ie you started
       sisfb with mode=none and still have a text mode console, there is no
       communication between sisfb and the X driver. For this purpose, the

       Option "MaxXFBMem" "integer"

       exists. This option must be set to the same value as given to sisfb
       through its "mem" parameter, ie the amount of memory to use for X in

       If you started sisfb without the mem argument, sisfb will reserve

       12288KB if more than 16MB of total video RAM is available,

       8192KB if between 12 and 16MB of video RAM is available,

       4096KB in all other cases.

       If you intend to use DRI, I recommend setting the total video memory in
       the BIOS to 64MB in order to at least overcome the lack of memory swap

       Option "DRI" "boolean"
              This option allows enabling or disabling DRI. By default, DRI is

       Option "AGPSize" "integer"
              This option allows selecting the amount of AGP memory to be used
              for DRI.  The amount is to be specified in megabyte, the default
              is 8.


       XFree86(1), XF86Config(5), xf86config(1), Xserver(1), X(7) for more information and

       Authors include: Alan Hourihane, Mike Chapman, Juanjo Santamarta,
       Mitani Hiroshi, David Thomas, Sung-Ching Lin, Ademar Reis, Thomas

XFree86                          Version 4.7.0                          SIS(4)


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help