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SHA512(3)		 BSD Library Functions Manual		     SHA512(3)

NAME
     SHA512_Init, SHA512_Update, SHA512_Final, SHA512_End, SHA512_File,
     SHA512_FileChunk, SHA512_Data, SHA384_Init, SHA384_Update,	SHA384_Final,
     SHA384_End, SHA384_File, SHA384_FileChunk,	SHA384_Data, SHA512_256_Init,
     SHA512_256_Update,	SHA512_256_Final, SHA512_256_End, SHA512_256_File,
     SHA512_256_FileChunk, SHA512_256_Data -- calculate	the FIPS 180-4
     ``SHA-512'' family	of message digests

LIBRARY
     Message Digest (MD4, MD5, etc.) Support Library (libmd, -lmd)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sha512.h>

     void
     SHA512_Init(SHA512_CTX *context);

     void
     SHA512_Update(SHA512_CTX *context,	const unsigned char *data,
	 size_t	len);

     void
     SHA512_Final(unsigned char	digest[64], SHA512_CTX *context);

     char *
     SHA512_End(SHA512_CTX *context, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA512_File(const char *filename, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA512_FileChunk(const char *filename, char *buf, off_t offset,
	 off_t length);

     char *
     SHA512_Data(const unsigned	char *data, unsigned int len, char *buf);

     #include <sha384.h>

     void
     SHA384_Init(SHA384_CTX *context);

     void
     SHA384_Update(SHA384_CTX *context,	const unsigned char *data,
	 size_t	len);

     void
     SHA384_Final(unsigned char	digest[48], SHA384_CTX *context);

     char *
     SHA384_End(SHA384_CTX *context, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA384_File(const char *filename, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA384_FileChunk(const char *filename, char *buf, off_t offset,
	 off_t length);

     char *
     SHA384_Data(const unsigned	char *data, unsigned int len, char *buf);

     #include <sha512t.h>

     void
     SHA512_256_Init(SHA512_CTX	*context);

     void
     SHA512_256_Update(SHA512_CTX *context, const unsigned char	*data,
	 size_t	len);

     void
     SHA512_256_Final(unsigned char digest[32],	SHA512_CTX *context);

     char *
     SHA512_256_End(SHA512_CTX *context, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA512_256_File(const char	*filename, char	*buf);

     char *
     SHA512_256_FileChunk(const	char *filename,	char *buf, off_t offset,
	 off_t length);

     char *
     SHA512_256_Data(const unsigned char *data,	unsigned int len, char *buf);

DESCRIPTION
     The SHA512_ functions calculate a 512-bit cryptographic checksum (digest)
     for any number of input bytes.  A cryptographic checksum is a one-way
     hash function; that is, it	is computationally impractical to find the in-
     put corresponding to a particular output.	This net result	is a
     "fingerprint" of the input-data, which does not disclose the actual in-
     put.

     The SHA512_Init(),	SHA512_Update(), and SHA512_Final() functions are the
     core functions.  Allocate an SHA512_CTX, initialize it with
     SHA512_Init(), run	over the data with SHA512_Update(), and	finally	ex-
     tract the result using SHA512_Final(), which will also erase the
     SHA512_CTX.

     SHA512_End() is a wrapper for SHA512_Final() which	converts the return
     value to a	129-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII string
     which represents the 512 bits in hexadecimal.

     SHA512_File() calculates the digest of a file, and	uses SHA512_End() to
     return the	result.	 If the	file cannot be opened, a null pointer is re-
     turned.  SHA512_FileChunk() is similar to SHA512_File(), but it only cal-
     culates the digest	over a byte-range of the file specified, starting at
     offset and	spanning length	bytes.	If the length parameter	is specified
     as	0, or more than	the length of the remaining part of the	file,
     SHA512_FileChunk()	calculates the digest from offset to the end of	file.
     SHA512_Data() calculates the digest of a chunk of data in memory, and
     uses SHA512_End() to return the result.

     When using	SHA512_End(), SHA512_File(), or	SHA512_Data(), the buf argu-
     ment can be a null	pointer, in which case the returned string is allo-
     cated with	malloc(3) and subsequently must	be explicitly deallocated us-
     ing free(3) after use.  If	the buf	argument is non-null it	must point to
     at	least 129 characters of	buffer space.

     The SHA384_ and SHA512_256_ functions are identical to the	SHA512_	func-
     tions except they use a different initial hash value and the output is
     truncated to 384 bits and 256 bits	respectively.

     SHA384_End() is a wrapper for SHA384_Final() which	converts the return
     value to a	97-character (including	the terminating	'\0') ASCII string
     which represents the 384 bits in hexadecimal.

     SHA512_256_End() is a wrapper for SHA512_Final() which converts the re-
     turn value	to a 65-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII
     string which represents the 256 bits in hexadecimal.

SEE ALSO
     md4(3), md5(3), ripemd(3),	sha(3),	sha256(3), sha512(3), skein(3)

HISTORY
     These functions appeared in FreeBSD 9.0.

AUTHORS
     The core hash routines were implemented by	Colin Percival based on	the
     published FIPS 180-2 standard.

BUGS
     No	method is known	to exist which finds two files having the same hash
     value, nor	to find	a file with a specific hash value.  There is on	the
     other hand	no guarantee that such a method	does not exist.

BSD				 July 20, 2018				   BSD

NAME | LIBRARY | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS | BUGS

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