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sane-epson(5)		 SANE Scanner Access Now Easy		 sane-epson(5)

       sane-epson - SANE backend for EPSON scanners

       The sane-epson library implements a SANE	Scanner	Access Now Easy) back-
       end that	provides access	to Epson flatbed scanners.  Some functions  of
       this backend should be considered beta-quality software!	Most functions
       have been stable	for a long time, but of	course new development can not
       and  often  times  will	not function properly from the very first day.
       Please report any strange behavior to the maintainer of the backend.

       At present, the following scanners are known to work with this backend:

	      Model:			   Connection Type
	      ---------------------------  -------------------
	      GT-5000			   SCSI, parallel
	      GT-6000			   parallel
	      GT-6500			   SCSI	(use only the line "scsi" in epson.conf)
	      ActionScanner II		   SCSI, parallel
	      GT-7000			   SCSI
	      Perfection 636		   SCSI
	      Perfection 636U		   USB
	      Perfection 610		   USB
	      Perfection 640		   USB
	      Perfection 1200S		   SCSI
	      Perfection 1200U		   USB
	      Perfection 1240		   USB,	SCSI
	      Perfection 1640		   USB,	SCSI
	      Perfection 1650		   USB
	      Perfection 1660		   USB
	      Perfection 2400		   USB
	      Perfection 2450		   USB,	IEEE-1394
	      Expression 636 / GT-9500	   SCSI
	      Expression 1600		   USB,	SCSI, IEEE-1394
	      Expression 1680		   USB,	SCSI, IEEE-1394
	      CX-3200			   USB
	      CX-5200			   USB
	      and many more. The official list is on the Sane web site.

       For other scanners the software	may or may not work.  Please send mail
       to the backend author ( to report success with scanners not
       on the list or problems with scanners that are listed.

       The options the backend supports	can either be selected through command
       line  options  to programs like scanimage(1) or through GUI elements in
       programs	like xscanimage(1) or xsane(1).

       Valid command line options and their syntax can be listed by using:

	      scanimage	--help -d epson

       Not all devices support all options.

       Scan Mode
	      The --mode switch	selects	the basic mode	of  operation  of  the
	      scanner.	Valid  choices are Binary, Gray	and Color.  The	Binary
	      mode is black and	white only, Gray will produce  256  levels  of
	      gray  or	more  depending	 on the	scanner	and Color means	24 bit
	      color mode or more depending on the scanner.  Some scanners will
	      internally  use  36  bit color, their external interface however
	      may only support 24 bits.

	      The --depth option selects the bit depth the scanner  is	using.
	      This  option  is	only  available	for scanners that support more
	      than one bit depth. Older	scanners will always transfer the  im-
	      age  in  8bit  mode. Newer scanners allow	one to select either 8
	      bits, 12 or 14 bits per color channel. For  a  color  scan  this
	      means  an	 effective color depth of 36 or	42 bits	over all three
	      channels.	The valid choices depend on the	scanner	model.

	      The --halftoning switch selects the mode that is used in	Binary
	      mode. Valid options are "None", "Halftone	A (Hard	Tone)",	"Half-
	      tone B (Soft Tone)", "Halftone C (Net Screen)", "Dither  A  (4x4
	      Bayer)",	"Dither	 B (4x4	Spiral)", "Dither C (4x4 Net Screen)",
	      "Dither D	(8x4 Net Screen)", "Text Enhanced Technology",	"Down-
	      load pattern A", and "Download pattern B".

	      The  --dropout switch selects the	so called dropout color. Valid
	      options are None,	Red, Green and Blue. The default is None.  The
	      dropout  color  is  used for monochrome scanning and selects the
	      color that is not	scanned. This can be  used  to	e.g.  scan  an
	      original with a colored background.

	      The  --brightness	 switch	 controls  the brightness of the scan.
	      Valid options are	integer	values from -3 to 3. The default is 0.
	      The larger the brightness	value, the brighter the	image gets. If
	      a	user defined table for the gamma correction is	selected,  the
	      brightness parameter is not available.

	      The  --sharpness	switch	sets  the sharpness of the image data.
	      Valid options are	integer	values from -2 to 2, with  -2  meaning
	      "Defocus",   -1  "Defocus	 slightly",  0	"Normal",  1  "Sharpen
	      slightly"	and 2 "Sharpen".

	      The --gamma-correction switch controls  the  scanner's  internal
	      gamma  correction.  Valid	options	are "Default", "User defined",
	      "High density printing" "Low density printing"  and  "High  con-
	      trast printing".

	      The  --color-correction  switch  controls	the scanner's internal
	      color correction function. Valid options	are  "No  Correction",
	      "Impact-dot  printers",  "Thermal	 printers", "Ink-jet printers"
	      and "CRT monitors". The default is "CRT monitors".

	      The --resolution switch selects the resolution for a scan.  Some
	      EPSON  scanners  will  scan in any resolution between the	lowest
	      and highest possible value. The list reported by the scanner can
	      be  displayed  using the "--help -d epson" parameters to scanim-

	      The --mirror option controls the way the image  is  scanned.  By
	      reading the image	data from right	to left	the image is mirrored.
	      Valid options are	"yes" and "no".	The default is "no".

	      The --speed option can improve  the  scan	 speed	in  monochrome
	      mode.  Valid  options  are  "yes"	or "no", the "yes" option will
	      speed up the scan	if this	option is supported.

	      The --auto-area-segmentation switch activates the	automatic area
	      segmentation  for	 monochrome scans. The scanner will try	to de-
	      termine which areas are text and which contain images. The image
	      areas  will  be  halftoned, and the text will be improved. Valid
	      options are "yes"	and "no". The default is "yes".

	      The --gamma-table	parameter can be used to download a  user  de-
	      fined  gamma  table.  The	option takes 256 values	from the range
	      0-255. In	color mode this	option equally affects the red,	green,
	      and blue channel.

	      The  --red-gamma-table  parameter	can be used to download	a user
	      defined gamma table for the red channel. The valid  options  are
	      the same as for --gamma-table.

	      The --green-gamma-table parameter	can be used to download	a user
	      defined gamma table for the green	channel. The valid options are
	      the same as for --gamma-table.

	      The  --blue-gamma-table parameter	can be used to download	a user
	      defined gamma table for the blue channel.	The valid options  are
	      the same as for --gamma-table.

	      The  color  correction  coefficients --cct-1 --cct-2 --cct-3 ...
	      --cct-9 will install color correction coefficients for the  user
	      defined  color  correction.  Values are specified	as integers in
	      the range	-127..127.

	      The --preview option requests a preview scan. The	frontend soft-
	      ware  automatically  selects a low resolution. Valid options are
	      "yes" and	"no". The default is "no".

	      The --preview-speed options will increase	the scan speed if this
	      is  supported  by	the scanner. Valid options are "yes" and "no",
	      the default is "no".

	      The geometry options -l -t -x -y control the scan	area: -l  sets
	      the  top left x coordinate, -t the top left y coordinate,	-x se-
	      lects the	width and -y the height	of the scan area. All  parame-
	      ters are specified in millimeters.

	      The  --quick-format option lets the user select a	scan area with
	      predefined sizes.	Valid parameters are "CD", "A5 portrait",  "A5
	      landscape",  "Letter",  "A4"  and	 "max".	 The default is	"max",
	      which selects the	largest	possible area.

	      The --source option selects the scan source. Valid  options  de-
	      pend on the installed options. The default is "Flatbed".

	      The  --auto-eject	 option	 will eject a page after scanning from
	      the document feeder.

	      The --film-type option will select the film type for scans  with
	      the  transparency	unit. This option is only activated if the TPU
	      is selected as scan source. Valid	options	 are  "Negative	 Film"
	      and "Positive Film".

	      The  --focus-position  option selects the	focus position for all
	      scans. Valid options are "Focus 2.5mm above glass" and "Focus on
	      glass".  The  focus on the 2.5mm point above the glass is	neces-
	      sary for scans with the transparency unit, so that  the  scanner
	      can  focus on the	film if	one of the film	holders	is used.  This
	      option is	only functional	for selected scanners, all other scan-
	      ners will	ignore this option.

       The  configuration  file	/usr/local/etc/sane.d/epson.conf specifies the
       device(s) that the backend will use. Possible connection	types are:

       SCSI   This is the default, and if nothing else is specified the	 back-
	      end  software will open a	given path as SCSI device. More	infor-
	      mation about valid syntax	for  SCSI  devices  can	 be  found  in
	      Usually SCSI scanners are	configured with	a line "scsi EPSON" in
	      this file. In some cases it may be necessary  to	only  use  the
	      string "scsi" (e.g. for the GT-6500).

       PIO - Parallel Interface
	      The parallel interface can be configured in two ways: An integer
	      value starting at	the beginning of a line	will be	interpreted as
	      the  IO  address of the parallel port. To	make it	clearer	that a
	      configured IO address is a parallel port the port	address	can be
	      preceded	by the string "PIO". The PIO connection	does not use a
	      special device file in the /dev directory. The IO	address	can be
	      specified	in hex mode (prefixed with "0x").

       USB    A	device file that is preceded by	the string "USB" is treated as
	      a	scanner	connected via the Universal Serial  Bus.  The  correct
	      special  device  file  has  to be	created	prior to using it with
	      Sane. See	the USB	documentation for more information  about  how
	      to set up	the USB	subsystem and the required device files.

	      The static library implementing this backend.

	      The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems
	      that support dynamic loading).

	      If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this en-
	      vironment	 variable  controls  the debug level for this backend.
	      E.g., a value of 128 requests all	debug output  to  be  printed.
	      Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

	      If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this en-
	      vironment	variable controls the SCSI  related  debug  level  for
	      this backend.  Only a value of 2 is supported.

	      This  allows  one	to override the	function or command level that
	      the backend uses to communicate with the scanner.	 The  function
	      level a scanner supports is determined during the	initialization
	      of the device. If	the backend does not  recognize	 the  function
	      level  reported by the scanner it	will default to	function level
	      B3. Valid	function levels	are A1,	A2, B1,	B2, B3,	 B4,  B5,  B6,
	      B7,  B8,	D1  and	F5. Use	this feature only if you know what you
	      are doing!

       sane-scsi(5), scanimage(1), xscanimage(1), xsane(1)

       None :-)	At least none are currently known.

       The backend may be used with Epson scanners that	are not	yet listed un-
       der the list of supported devices. A scanner that is not	recognized may
       default to the function level B3, which means that  not	all  functions
       that the	scanner	may be capable of are accessible.

       If the scanner is not even recognized as	an Epson scanner this is prob-
       ably because the	device name reported by	the scanner is not in the cor-
       rect  format.  Please  send  this information to	the backend maintainer
       (email address is in the	AUTHOR section of this man page	or in the  AU-
       THORS file of the SANE distribution).

       The Perfection 600, Perfection 650, Perfection 660, Perfection 1250 and
       Perfection 1260 are not supported by this backend.

       The package is actively maintained by Karl Heinz	Kremer	(
       The  software  is  based	 on  work  by  Christian  Bucher  and Kazuhiro

				  11 Jul 2008			 sane-epson(5)


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