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SALVAGESERVER(8)	     AFS Command Reference	      SALVAGESERVER(8)

       salvageserver - Initializes the Salvageserver component of the dafs

       salvageserver [initcmd] [-partition <name of partition to salvage>]
	   [-volumeid <volume id to salvage>] [-debug] [-nowrite]
	   [-inodes] [-force] [-oktozap] [-rootinodes]
	   [-salvagedirs] [-blockreads]
	   [-parallel <# of max	parallel partition salvaging>]
	   [-tmpdir <name of dir to place tmp files>]
	   [-orphans (ignore | remove |	attach)]
	   [-syslogfacility <Syslog facility number to use>]
	   [-client] [-help]

       In its typical mode of operation, the salvageserver is a	daemon process
       responsible for salvaging volumes.  It is a component of	the "dafs"
       process type.  In the conventional configuration, its binary file is
       located in the /usr/local/libexec/openafs directory on a	file server

       The Salvageserver daemon	is responsible for scheduling and executing
       volume salvage operations on behalf of client processes.	 The
       fileserver acts as the primary salvageserver client: any	failed volume
       attach operation	results	in a salvageserver scheduling request.	The
       salvageserver also accepts periodic volume activity messages in order
       to update its salvage request priority queue.  Other clients of the
       salvageserver daemon include the	salvsync-debug utility,	and the
       salvageserver command itself by passing the -client flag.

       The salvage operations performed	on vice	partition data are nearly
       identical to those performed by the standalone Salvager command.	 The
       key differences between the two commands	are:

       o   The Salvageserver is	a daemon process which runs concurrently with
	   the fileserver.  In contrast, the Salvager is a stand-alone
	   application which is	invoked	when the fileserver and	volserver are
	   not running.

       o   The Salvageserver is	incapable of performing	whole partition
	   salvage operations; it operates at volume group granularity.

       The Salvageserver normally creates new inodes as	it repairs damage. If
       the partition is	so full	that there is no room for new inodes, use the
       -nowrite	argument to bringing undamaged volumes online without
       attempting to salvage damaged volumes. Then use the vos move command to
       move one	or more	of the undamaged volumes to other partitions, freeing
       up the space that the Salvageserver needs to create new inodes.

       By default, multiple Salvageserver subprocesses run in parallel:	one
       for each	volume group.  By default, four	concurrent salvage operations
       are permitted.  You may alter this default by providing a positive
       integer value for the -parallel argument.  The maximum permitted	value
       is 32 concurrent	salvageserver subprocesses.

       By default, the salvageserver enables a heuristic which attempts	to
       stop disk head thrashing	by concurrent salvageserver subprocesses.
       Unfortunately, this heuristic significantly degrades performance	in
       many cases.  In at least	the following environments, passing the	"all"
       string to the -parallel argument	is strongly encouraged:

       o   On NAMEI fileservers

       o   When	a vice partition is backed by multiple disks (e.g. RAID)

       o   When	a vice partition is backed by SAN-attached storage, LVM, or
	   some	other form of storage virtualization which would cause unix
	   device id numbers to	be unpredictable.

       The Salvageserver creates temporary files as it runs, by	default
       writing them to the partition it	is salvaging. The number of files can
       be quite	large, and if the partition is too full	to accommodate them,
       the Salvageserver terminates without completing the salvage operation
       (it always removes the temporary	files before exiting). Other
       Salvageserver subprocesses running at the same time continue until they
       finish salvaging	all other partitions where there is enough disk	space
       for temporary files. To complete	the interrupted	salvage, reissue the
       command against the appropriate partitions, adding the -tmpdir argument
       to redirect the temporary files to a local disk directory that has
       enough space.

       The -orphans argument controls how the Salvageserver handles orphaned
       files and directories that it finds on server partitions	it is
       salvaging. An orphaned element is completely inaccessible because it is
       not referenced by the vnode of any directory that can act as its	parent
       (is higher in the filespace). Orphaned objects occupy space on the
       server partition, but do	not count against the volume's quota.

       This command does not use the syntax conventions	of the AFS command
       suites. Provide the command name	and all	option names in	full.

	   Accommodates	the command's use of the AFS command parser, and is

       -partition <name	of partition to	salvage>
	   Specifies the name of the partition to salvage. Specify the full
	   partition name using	the form /vicepx or /vicepxx. Omit this
	   argument to salvage every partition on the file server machine.

       -volumeid <volume id to salvage>
	   Specifies the volume	ID of a	specific read/write volume to salvage.
	   The -partition argument must	be provided along with this one	and
	   specify the volume's	actual site.

	   This	flag should be considered deprecated.  Its primary purpose was
	   to disable forking and parallelization of the Salvager so that log
	   messages were not interleaved.  Due to the manner in	which
	   /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog is written, log messages	from
	   subprocesses	are never interleaved; the entire log for a volume
	   group salvage is appended to	the master log as one atomic

	   Brings all undamaged	volumes	online without attempting to salvage
	   any damaged volumes.

	   Records in the /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog file a list of all AFS
	   inodes that the Salvageserver modified.

	   Inspects all	volumes	for corruption,	not just those that are	marked
	   as having been active when a	crash occurred.

	   Removes a volume that is so damaged that even issuing the vos zap
	   command with	the -force flag	is ineffective.	Combine	it with	the
	   -partition and -volumeid arguments to identify the volume to
	   remove.  Using this flag will destroy data that cannot be read, so
	   use only with caution and when you're certain that nothing in that
	   volume is still needed.

	   Records in the /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog file a list of all AFS
	   inodes owned	by the local superuser "root".

	   Salvages entire directory structures, even if they do not appear to
	   be damaged. By default, the Salvageserver salvages a	directory only
	   if it is flagged as corrupted.

	   Forces the Salvageserver to read a partition	one disk block (512
	   bytes) at a time and	to skip	any blocks that	are too	badly damaged
	   to be salvaged.  This allows	it to salvage as many volumes as
	   possible. By	default, the Salvageserver reads large disk blocks,
	   which can cause it to exit prematurely if it	encounters disk
	   errors. Use this flag if the	partition to be	salvaged has disk

       -parallel <# of max parallel partition salvaging>
	   Specifies the maximum number	of Salvageserver subprocesses to run
	   in parallel.	 Provide one of	three values:

	   o   An integer from the range 1 to 32. A value of 1 means that a
	       single Salvageserver subprocess salvages	the volume groups
	       sequentially.  The disk partition heuristic (see	above) based
	       upon unix device	ids is enabled.

	   o   The disk	partition heuristic (see above)	based upon unix	device
	       ids is disabled.

	   o   The string "all"	followed immediately (with no intervening
	       space) by an integer from the range 1 to	32, to run the
	       specified number	of Salvageserver subprocesses in parallel on
	       volume groups.  The disk	partition heuristic (see above)	based
	       upon unix device	ids is disabled.

	   If this argument is omitted,	up to four Salvageserver subprocesses
	   run in parallel.

       -tmpdir <name of	dir to place tmp files>
	   Names a local disk directory	in which the Salvageserver places the
	   temporary files it creates during a salvage operation, instead of
	   writing them	to the partition being salvaged	(the default). If the
	   Salvageserver cannot	write to the specified directory, it attempts
	   to write to the partition being salvaged.

	   Displays on the standard output stream all log data that is being
	   written to the /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog file.

       -orphans	(ignore	| remove | attach)
	   Controls how	the Salvageserver handles orphaned files and
	   directories.	 Choose	one of the following three values:

	       Leaves the orphaned objects on the disk,	but prints a message
	       to the /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog file reporting how many
	       orphans were found and the approximate number of	kilobytes they
	       are consuming. This is the default if the -orphans argument is

	       Removes the orphaned objects, and prints	a message to the
	       /var/openafs/logs/SalsrvLog file	reporting how many orphans
	       were removed and	the approximate	number of kilobytes they were

	       Attaches	the orphaned objects by	creating a reference to	them
	       in the vnode of the volume's root directory. Since each
	       object's	actual name is now lost, the Salvageserver assigns
	       each one	a name of the following	form:

	       "__ORPHANFILE__.index" for files.
	       "__ORPHANDIR__.index" for directories.

	       where index is a	two-digit number that uniquely identifies each
	       object. The orphans are charged against the volume's quota and
	       appear in the output of the ls command issued against the
	       volume's	root directory.

	   Specifies that logging output should	go to syslog instead of	the
	   log file.

       -syslogfacility <Syslog facility	number to use>
	   Specify to which facility log messages should be sent when -syslog
	   is given.

	   Salvageserver runs in client	Mode.  The requested volume on the
	   requested partition will be scheduled for salvaging by the
	   Salvageserver daemon.

	   Prints the online help for this command. All	other valid options
	   are ignored.

       The following command instructs the Salvageserver to schedule the
       salvage of the volume with volume ID 258347486 on /vicepg on the	local

	  % /usr/local/libexec/openafs/salvageserver -partition	/vicepg	-volumeid 258347486 -client

       To issue	the command at the shell prompt, the issuer must be logged in
       as the local superuser "root".

       BosConfig(5), SalvageLog(5), salvager(8), bos_create(8),	bos_getlog(8),
       bos_salvage(8), vos_move(1)

       IBM Corporation 2000. <> All Rights Reserved.	 Sine
       Nomine Associates 2008.	All Rights Reserved.

       This documentation is covered by	the IBM	Public License Version 1.0.
       It was converted	from HTML to POD by software written by	Chas Williams
       and Russ	Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann	and Elizabeth Cassell.
       This document was adapted from the Salvager POD documentation.

OpenAFS				  2016-12-14		      SALVAGESERVER(8)


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