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RMAN(9)                FreeBSD Kernel Developer's Manual               RMAN(9)

     rman, rman_activate_resource, rman_adjust_resource, rman_await_resource,
     rman_deactivate_resource, rman_fini, rman_init, rman_init_from_resource,
     rman_is_region_manager, rman_manage_region, rman_first_free_region,
     rman_last_free_region, rman_release_resource, rman_reserve_resource,
     rman_reserve_resource_bound, rman_make_alignment_flags, rman_get_start,
     rman_get_end, rman_get_device, rman_get_size, rman_get_flags,
     rman_set_virtual, rman_get_virtual, rman_set_bustag, rman_get_bustag,
     rman_set_bushandle, rman_get_bushandle, rman_set_rid, rman_get_rid -
     resource management functions

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/rman.h>

     rman_activate_resource(struct resource *r);

     rman_adjust_resource(struct resource *r, u_long start, u_long end);

     rman_await_resource(struct resource *r, int pri2, int timo);

     rman_deactivate_resource(struct resource *r);

     rman_fini(struct rman *rm);

     rman_init(struct rman *rm);

     rman_init_from_resource(struct rman *rm, struct resource *r);

     rman_is_region_manager(struct resource *r, struct rman *rm);

     rman_manage_region(struct rman *rm, u_long start, u_long end);

     rman_first_free_region(struct rman *rm, u_long *start, u_long *end);

     rman_last_free_region(struct rman *rm, u_long *start, u_long *end);

     rman_release_resource(struct resource *r);

     struct resource *
     rman_reserve_resource(struct rman *rm, u_long start, u_long end,
         u_long count, u_int flags, struct device *dev);

     struct resource *
     rman_reserve_resource_bound(struct rman *rm, u_long start, u_long end,
         u_long count, u_long bound, u_int flags, struct device *dev);

     rman_make_alignment_flags(uint32_t size);

     rman_get_start(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_end(struct resource *r);

     struct device *
     rman_get_device(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_size(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_flags(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_virtual(struct resource *r, void *v);

     void *
     rman_get_virtual(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_bustag(struct resource *r, bus_space_tag_t t);

     rman_get_bustag(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_bushandle(struct resource *r, bus_space_handle_t h);

     rman_get_bushandle(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_rid(struct resource *r, int rid);

     rman_get_rid(struct resource *r);

     The rman set of functions provides a flexible resource management
     abstraction.  It is used extensively by the bus management code.  It
     implements the abstractions of region and resource.  A region descriptor
     is used to manage a region; this could be memory or some other form of
     bus space.

     Each region has a set of bounds.  Within these bounds, allocated segments
     may reside.  Each segment, termed a resource, has several properties
     which are represented by a 16-bit flag register, as follows.

     #define RF_ALLOCATED    0x0001 /* resource has been reserved */
     #define RF_ACTIVE       0x0002 /* resource allocation has been activated */
     #define RF_SHAREABLE    0x0004 /* resource permits contemporaneous sharing */
     #define RF_FIRSTSHARE   0x0020 /* first in sharing list */
     #define RF_PREFETCHABLE 0x0040 /* resource is prefetchable */

     Bits 15:10  of the flag register are used to represent the desired
     alignment of the resource within the region.

     The rman_init() function initializes the region descriptor, pointed to by
     the rm argument, for use with the resource management functions.  It is
     required that the fields rm_type and rm_descr of struct rman be set
     before calling rman_init().  The field rm_type shall be set to
     RMAN_ARRAY.  The field rm_descr shall be set to a string that describes
     the resource to be managed.  The rm_start and rm_end fields may be set to
     limit the range of acceptable resource addresses.  If these fields are
     not set, rman_init() will initialize them to allow the entire range of
     resource addresses.  It also initializes any mutexes associated with the
     structure.  If rman_init() fails to initialize the mutex, it will return
     ENOMEM; otherwise it will return 0 and rm will be initialized.

     The rman_fini() function frees any structures associated with the
     structure pointed to by the rm argument.  If any of the resources within
     the managed region have the RF_ALLOCATED flag set, it will return EBUSY;
     otherwise, any mutexes associated with the structure will be released and
     destroyed, and the function will return 0.

     The rman_manage_region() function establishes the concept of a region
     which is under rman control.  The rman argument points to the region
     descriptor.  The start and end arguments specify the bounds of the
     region.  If successful, rman_manage_region() will return 0.  If the
     region overlaps with an existing region, it will return EBUSY.  If any
     part of the region falls outside of the valid address range for rm, it
     will return EINVAL.  ENOMEM will be returned when rman_manage_region()
     failed to allocate memory for the region.

     The rman_init_from_resource() function is a wrapper routine to create a
     resource manager backed by an existing resource.  It initializes rm using
     rman_init() and then adds a region to rm corresponding to the address
     range allocated to r via rman_manage_region().

     The rman_first_free_region() and rman_last_free_region() functions can be
     used to query a resource manager for its first (or last) unallocated
     region.  If rm contains no free region, these functions will return
     ENOENT.  Otherwise, *start and *end are set to the bounds of the free
     region and zero is returned.

     The rman_reserve_resource_bound() function is where the bulk of the rman
     logic is located.  It attempts to reserve a contiguous range in the
     specified region rm for the use of the device dev.  The caller can
     specify the start and end of an acceptable range, as well as a boundary
     restriction and required aligment, and the code will attempt to find a
     free segment which fits.  The start argument is the lowest acceptable
     starting value of the resource.  The end argument is the highest
     acceptable ending value of the resource.  Therefore, start + count - 1
     must be <= end for any allocation to happen.  The aligment requirement
     (if any) is specified in flags.  The bound argument may be set to specify
     a boundary restriction such that an allocated region may cross an address
     that is a multiple of the boundary.  The bound argument must be a power
     of two.  It may be set to zero to specify no boundary restriction.  A
     shared segment will be allocated if the RF_SHAREABLE flag is set,
     otherwise an exclusive segment will be allocated.  If this shared segment
     already exists, the caller has its device added to the list of consumers.

     The rman_reserve_resource() function is used to reserve resources within
     a previously established region.  It is a simplified interface to
     rman_reserve_resource_bound() which passes 0 for the bound argument.

     The rman_make_alignment_flags() function returns the flag mask
     corresponding to the desired alignment size.  This should be used when
     calling rman_reserve_resource_bound().

     The rman_is_region_manager() function returns true if the allocated
     resource r was allocated from rm.  Otherwise, it returns false.

     The rman_adjust_resource() function is used to adjust the reserved
     address range of an allocated resource to reserve start through end.  It
     can be used to grow or shrink one or both ends of the resource range.
     The current implementation does not support entirely relocating the
     resource and will fail with EINVAL if the new resource range does not
     overlap the old resource range.  If either end of the resource range
     grows and the new resource range would conflict with another allocated
     resource, the function will fail with EBUSY.  The rman_adjust_resource()
     function does not support adjusting the resource range for shared
     resources and will fail such attempts with EINVAL.  Upon success, the
     resource r will have a start address of start and an end address of end
     and the function will return zero.  Note that none of the constraints of
     the original allocation request such as alignment or boundary
     restrictions are checked by rman_adjust_resource().  It is the caller's
     responsibility to enforce any such requirements.

     The rman_release_resource() function releases the reserved resource r.
     It may attempt to merge adjacent free resources.

     The rman_activate_resource() function marks a resource as active, by
     setting the RF_ACTIVE flag.  If this is a time shared resource, and the
     caller has not yet acquired the resource, the function returns EBUSY.

     The rman_deactivate_resource() function marks a resource r as inactive,
     by clearing the RF_ACTIVE flag.  If other consumers are waiting for this
     range, it will wakeup their threads.

     The rman_await_resource() function performs an asynchronous wait for a
     resource r to become inactive, that is, for the RF_ACTIVE flag to be
     cleared.  It is used to enable cooperative sharing of a resource which
     can only be safely used by one thread at a time.  The arguments pri and
     timo are passed to the rman_await_resource() function.

     The rman_get_start(), rman_get_end(), rman_get_size(), and
     rman_get_flags() functions return the bounds, size and flags of the
     previously reserved resource r.

     The rman_set_bustag() function associates a bus_space_tag_t t with the
     resource r.  The rman_get_bustag() function is used to retrieve this tag
     once set.

     The rman_set_bushandle() function associates a bus_space_handle_t h with
     the resource r.  The rman_get_bushandle() function is used to retrieve
     this handle once set.

     The rman_set_virtual() function is used to associate a kernel virtual
     address with a resource r.  The rman_get_virtual() function can be used
     to retrieve the KVA once set.

     The rman_set_rid() function associates a resource identifier with a
     resource r.  The rman_get_rid() function retrieves this RID.

     The rman_get_device() function returns a pointer to the device which
     reserved the resource r.

     bus_activate_resource(9), bus_adjust_resource(9), bus_alloc_resource(9),
     bus_release_resource(9), bus_set_resource(9), mutex(9)

     This manual page was written by Bruce M Simpson <>.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE          July 15, 2014         FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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