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RMAN(9)		       FreeBSD Kernel Developer's Manual	       RMAN(9)

     rman, rman_activate_resource, rman_adjust_resource,
     rman_deactivate_resource, rman_fini, rman_init, rman_init_from_resource,
     rman_is_region_manager, rman_manage_region, rman_first_free_region,
     rman_last_free_region, rman_release_resource, rman_reserve_resource,
     rman_reserve_resource_bound, rman_make_alignment_flags, rman_get_start,
     rman_get_end, rman_get_device, rman_get_size, rman_get_flags,
     rman_set_mapping, rman_get_mapping, rman_set_virtual, rman_get_virtual,
     rman_set_bustag, rman_get_bustag, rman_set_bushandle, rman_get_bushandle,
     rman_set_rid, rman_get_rid	-- resource management functions

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/rman.h>

     rman_activate_resource(struct resource *r);

     rman_adjust_resource(struct resource *r, rman_res_t start,
	 rman_res_t end);

     rman_deactivate_resource(struct resource *r);

     rman_fini(struct rman *rm);

     rman_init(struct rman *rm);

     rman_init_from_resource(struct rman *rm, struct resource *r);

     rman_is_region_manager(struct resource *r,	struct rman *rm);

     rman_manage_region(struct rman *rm, rman_res_t start, rman_res_t end);

     rman_first_free_region(struct rman	*rm, rman_res_t	*start,
	 rman_res_t *end);

     rman_last_free_region(struct rman *rm, rman_res_t *start,
	 rman_res_t *end);

     rman_release_resource(struct resource *r);

     struct resource *
     rman_reserve_resource(struct rman *rm, rman_res_t start, rman_res_t end,
	 rman_res_t count, u_int flags,	struct device *dev);

     struct resource *
     rman_reserve_resource_bound(struct	rman *rm, rman_res_t start,
	 rman_res_t end, rman_res_t count, rman_res_t bound, u_int flags,
	 struct	device *dev);

     rman_make_alignment_flags(uint32_t	size);

     rman_get_start(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_end(struct resource *r);

     struct device *
     rman_get_device(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_size(struct resource *r);

     rman_get_flags(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_mapping(struct resource *r, struct resource_map *map);

     rman_get_mapping(struct resource *r, struct resource_map *map);

     rman_set_virtual(struct resource *r, void *v);

     void *
     rman_get_virtual(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_bustag(struct resource *r, bus_space_tag_t t);

     rman_get_bustag(struct resource *r);

     rman_set_bushandle(struct resource	*r, bus_space_handle_t h);

     rman_get_bushandle(struct resource	*r);

     rman_set_rid(struct resource *r, int rid);

     rman_get_rid(struct resource *r);

     The rman set of functions provides	a flexible resource management
     abstraction.  It is used extensively by the bus management	code.  It
     implements	the abstractions of region and resource.  A region descriptor
     is	used to	manage a region; this could be memory or some other form of
     bus space.

     Each region has a set of bounds.  Within these bounds, allocated segments
     may reside.  Each segment,	termed a resource, has several properties
     which are represented by a	16-bit flag register, as follows.

     #define RF_ALLOCATED    0x0001 /* resource	has been reserved */
     #define RF_ACTIVE	     0x0002 /* resource	allocation has been activated */
     #define RF_SHAREABLE    0x0004 /* resource	permits	contemporaneous	sharing	*/
     #define RF_FIRSTSHARE   0x0020 /* first in	sharing	list */
     #define RF_PREFETCHABLE 0x0040 /* resource	is prefetchable	*/
     #define RF_UNMAPPED     0x0100 /* don't map resource when activating */

     Bits 15:10	 of the	flag register are used to represent the	desired	align-
     ment of the resource within the region.

     The rman_init() function initializes the region descriptor, pointed to by
     the rm argument, for use with the resource	management functions.  It is
     required that the fields rm_type and rm_descr of struct rman be set
     before calling rman_init().  The field rm_type shall be set to
     RMAN_ARRAY.  The field rm_descr shall be set to a string that describes
     the resource to be	managed.  The rm_start and rm_end fields may be	set to
     limit the range of	acceptable resource addresses.	If these fields	are
     not set, rman_init() will initialize them to allow	the entire range of
     resource addresses.  It also initializes any mutexes associated with the
     structure.	 If rman_init()	fails to initialize the	mutex, it will return
     ENOMEM; otherwise it will return 0	and rm will be initialized.

     The rman_fini() function frees any	structures associated with the struc-
     ture pointed to by	the rm argument.  If any of the	resources within the
     managed region have the RF_ALLOCATED flag set, it will return EBUSY; oth-
     erwise, any mutexes associated with the structure will be released	and
     destroyed,	and the	function will return 0.

     The rman_manage_region() function establishes the concept of a region
     which is under rman control.  The rman argument points to the region
     descriptor.  The start and	end arguments specify the bounds of the
     region.  If successful, rman_manage_region() will return 0.  If the
     region overlaps with an existing region, it will return EBUSY.  If	any
     part of the region	falls outside of the valid address range for rm, it
     will return EINVAL.  ENOMEM will be returned when rman_manage_region()
     failed to allocate	memory for the region.

     The rman_init_from_resource() function is a wrapper routine to create a
     resource manager backed by	an existing resource.  It initializes rm using
     rman_init() and then adds a region	to rm corresponding to the address
     range allocated to	r via rman_manage_region().

     The rman_first_free_region() and rman_last_free_region() functions	can be
     used to query a resource manager for its first (or	last) unallocated
     region.  If rm contains no	free region, these functions will return
     ENOENT.  Otherwise, *start	and *end are set to the	bounds of the free
     region and	zero is	returned.

     The rman_reserve_resource_bound() function	is where the bulk of the rman
     logic is located.	It attempts to reserve a contiguous range in the spec-
     ified region rm for the use of the	device dev.  The caller	can specify
     the start and end of an acceptable	range, as well as a boundary restric-
     tion and required aligment, and the code will attempt to find a free seg-
     ment which	fits.  The start argument is the lowest	acceptable starting
     value of the resource.  The end argument is the highest acceptable	ending
     value of the resource.  Therefore,	start +	count -	1 must be <= end for
     any allocation to happen.	The aligment requirement (if any) is specified
     in	flags.	The bound argument may be set to specify a boundary restric-
     tion such that an allocated region	may cross an address that is a multi-
     ple of the	boundary.  The bound argument must be a	power of two.  It may
     be	set to zero to specify no boundary restriction.	 A shared segment will
     be	allocated if the RF_SHAREABLE flag is set, otherwise an	exclusive seg-
     ment will be allocated.  If this shared segment already exists, the
     caller has	its device added to the	list of	consumers.

     The rman_reserve_resource() function is used to reserve resources within
     a previously established region.  It is a simplified interface to
     rman_reserve_resource_bound() which passes	0 for the bound	argument.

     The rman_make_alignment_flags() function returns the flag mask corre-
     sponding to the desired alignment size.  This should be used when calling

     The rman_is_region_manager() function returns true	if the allocated
     resource r	was allocated from rm.	Otherwise, it returns false.

     The rman_adjust_resource()	function is used to adjust the reserved
     address range of an allocated resource to reserve start through end.  It
     can be used to grow or shrink one or both ends of the resource range.
     The current implementation	does not support entirely relocating the
     resource and will fail with EINVAL	if the new resource range does not
     overlap the old resource range.  If either	end of the resource range
     grows and the new resource	range would conflict with another allocated
     resource, the function will fail with EBUSY.  The rman_adjust_resource()
     function does not support adjusting the resource range for	shared
     resources and will	fail such attempts with	EINVAL.	 Upon success, the
     resource r	will have a start address of start and an end address of end
     and the function will return zero.	 Note that none	of the constraints of
     the original allocation request such as alignment or boundary restric-
     tions are checked by rman_adjust_resource().  It is the caller's respon-
     sibility to enforce any such requirements.

     The rman_release_resource() function releases the reserved	resource r.
     It	may attempt to merge adjacent free resources.

     The rman_activate_resource() function marks a resource as active, by set-
     ting the RF_ACTIVE	flag.  If this is a time shared	resource, and the
     caller has	not yet	acquired the resource, the function returns EBUSY.

     The rman_deactivate_resource() function marks a resource r	as inactive,
     by	clearing the RF_ACTIVE flag.  If other consumers are waiting for this
     range, it will wakeup their threads.

     The rman_get_start(), rman_get_end(), rman_get_size(), and
     rman_get_flags() functions	return the bounds, size	and flags of the pre-
     viously reserved resource r.

     The rman_set_bustag() function associates a bus_space_tag_t t with	the
     resource r.  The rman_get_bustag()	function is used to retrieve this tag
     once set.

     The rman_set_bushandle() function associates a bus_space_handle_t h with
     the resource r.  The rman_get_bushandle() function	is used	to retrieve
     this handle once set.

     The rman_set_virtual() function is	used to	associate a kernel virtual
     address with a resource r.	 The rman_get_virtual()	function can be	used
     to	retrieve the KVA once set.

     The rman_set_mapping() function is	used to	associate a resource mapping
     with a resource r.	 The mapping must cover	the entire resource.  Setting
     a mapping sets the	associated bus_space(9)	handle and tag for r as	well
     as	the kernel virtual address if the mapping contains one.	 These indi-
     vidual values can be retrieved via	rman_get_bushandle(),
     rman_get_bustag(),	and rman_get_virtual().

     The rman_get_mapping() function can be used to retrieve the associated
     resource mapping once set.

     The rman_set_rid()	function associates a resource identifier with a
     resource r.  The rman_get_rid() function retrieves	this RID.

     The rman_get_device() function returns a pointer to the device which
     reserved the resource r.

     bus_activate_resource(9), bus_adjust_resource(9), bus_alloc_resource(9),
     bus_map_resource(9), bus_release_resource(9), bus_space(9),
     bus_set_resource(9), mutex(9)

     This manual page was written by Bruce M Simpson <>.

FreeBSD	11.1			 May 20, 2016			  FreeBSD 11.1


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