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RFORK(3)		   Library Functions Manual		      RFORK(3)

NAME
       rfork - manipulate process state

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<u.h>
       #include	<libc.h>

       int rfork(int flags)

DESCRIPTION
       Rfork is	a partial implementation of the	Plan 9 system call.  It	can be
       used to manipulate some process state and to create new processes a  la
       fork(2).	 It cannot be used to create shared-memory processes (Plan 9's
       RFMEM flag); for	that functionality use proccreate (see thread(3)).

       The flags argument to rfork selects which  resources  of	 the  invoking
       process	(parent)  are shared by	the new	process	(child)	or initialized
       to their	default	values.	 Flags is the logical OR of some subset	of

       RFPROC If set a new process is created; otherwise  changes  affect  the
	      current process.

       RFNOWAIT
	      If  set,	the child process will be dissociated from the parent.
	      Upon exit	the child will leave no	Waitmsg	(see wait(3)) for  the
	      parent to	collect.

       RFNOTEG
	      Each  process  is	 a member of a group of	processes that all re-
	      ceive notes when a note is sent to the  group  (see  postnote(3)
	      and  signal(2)).	 The  group of a new process is	by default the
	      same as its parent, but if RFNOTEG is  set  (regardless  of  RF-
	      PROC),  the  process  becomes the	first in a new group, isolated
	      from  previous  processes.   In  Plan  9,	 a  process  can  call
	      rfork(RFNOTEG)  and  then	be sure	that it	will no	longer receive
	      console interrupts or other notes.  Unix job-control shells  put
	      each  command  in	 its own process group and then	relay notes to
	      the current foreground command, making the idiom less useful.

       RFFDG  If set, the invoker's file descriptor  table  (see  intro())  is
	      copied; otherwise	the two	processes share	a single table.

       File  descriptors in a shared file descriptor table are kept open until
       either they are explicitly closed or all	processes  sharing  the	 table
       exit.

       If  RFPROC  is  set,  the  value	 returned in the parent	process	is the
       process id of the child process;	the value returned  in	the  child  is
       zero.   Without	RFPROC,	 the  return value is zero.  Process ids range
       from 1 to the maximum integer (int) value.  Rfork will sleep, if	neces-
       sary, until required process resources are available.

       Calling rfork(RFFDG|RFPROC) is equivalent to calling fork(2).

SOURCE
       /usr/local/plan9/src/lib9/rfork.c

DIAGNOSTICS
       Rfork sets errstr.

								      RFORK(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SOURCE | DIAGNOSTICS

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