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RESIZE2FS(8)		    System Manager's Manual		  RESIZE2FS(8)

       resize2fs - ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer

       resize2fs  [  -fFpPM  ]	[ -d debug-flags ] [ -S	RAID-stride ] device [
       size ]

       The resize2fs program will resize ext2, ext3, or	ext4 file systems.  It
       can  be	used  to enlarge or shrink an unmounted	file system located on
       device.	If the filesystem is mounted, it can be	 used  to  expand  the
       size  of	 the  mounted filesystem, assuming the kernel supports on-line
       resizing.  (As of this writing, the Linux 2.6 kernel  supports  on-line
       resize for filesystems mounted using ext3 and ext4.).

       The  size parameter specifies the requested new size of the filesystem.
       If no units are specified, the units of the size	parameter shall	be the
       filesystem blocksize of the filesystem.	Optionally, the	size parameter
       may be suffixed by one of the following	the  units  designators:  's',
       'K',  'M', or 'G', for 512 byte sectors,	kilobytes, megabytes, or giga-
       bytes, respectively.  The size of the filesystem	may  never  be	larger
       than the	size of	the partition.	If size	parameter is not specified, it
       will default to the size	of the partition.

       Note: when kilobytes is used above, I mean real,	power-of-2  kilobytes,
       (i.e.,  1024 bytes), which some politically correct folks insist	should
       be  the	stupid-sounding	 ``kibibytes''.	  The  same  holds  true   for
       megabytes,  also	sometimes known	as ``mebibytes'', or gigabytes,	as the
       amazingly silly ``gibibytes''.  Makes you want to gibber, doesn't it?

       The resize2fs program does not manipulate the size of  partitions.   If
       you wish	to enlarge a filesystem, you must make sure you	can expand the
       size of the  underlying	partition  first.   This  can  be  done	 using
       fdisk(8)	by deleting the	partition and recreating it with a larger size
       or using	lvextend(8),  if  you're  using	 the  logical  volume  manager
       lvm(8).	 When  recreating  the partition, make sure you	create it with
       the same	starting disk cylinder as before!  Otherwise, the resize oper-
       ation will certainly not	work, and you may lose your entire filesystem.
       After running fdisk(8), run resize2fs to	resize the ext2	filesystem  to
       use all of the space in the newly enlarged partition.

       If  you wish to shrink an ext2 partition, first use resize2fs to	shrink
       the size	of filesystem.	Then you may use fdisk(8) to shrink  the  size
       of  the partition.  When	shrinking the size of the partition, make sure
       you do not make it smaller than the new size of the ext2	filesystem!

       -d debug-flags
	      Turns on various resize2fs debugging features, if	they have been
	      compiled	into  the  binary.   debug-flags should	be computed by
	      adding the numbers of the	desired	features  from	the  following
		   2	- Debug	block relocations
		   4	- Debug	inode relocations
		   8	- Debug	moving the inode table
		   16	- Print	timing information
		   32	- Debug	minimum	filesystem size	(-M) calculation

       -f     Forces  resize2fs	 to  proceed with the filesystem resize	opera-
	      tion, overriding some safety checks which	resize2fs normally en-

       -F     Flush  the  filesystem  device's buffer caches before beginning.
	      Only really useful for doing resize2fs time trials.

       -M     Shrink the filesystem to the minimum size.

       -p     Prints out a percentage completion bars for each resize2fs oper-
	      ation  during an offline resize, so that the user	can keep track
	      of what the program is doing.

       -P     Print the	minimum	size of	the filesystem and exit.

       -S RAID-stride
	      The resize2fs program  will  heuristically  determine  the  RAID
	      stride that was specified	when the filesystem was	created.  This
	      option allows the	user to	explicitly specify a RAID stride  set-
	      ting to be used by resize2fs instead.

       The minimum size	of the filesystem as estimated by resize2fs may	be in-
       correct,	especially for filesystems with	1k and 2k blocksizes.

       resize2fs was written by	Theodore Ts'o <>.

       Resize2fs is Copyright 1998 by Theodore Ts'o and	PowerQuest, Inc.   All
       rights  reserved.  As of	April, 2000 Resize2fs may be redistributed un-
       der the terms of	the GPL.

       fdisk(8), e2fsck(8), mke2fs(8), lvm(8), lvextend(8)

E2fsprogs version 1.42.9	 December 2013			  RESIZE2FS(8)


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