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REPL(1)			    General Commands Manual		       REPL(1)

NAME
       repl - reply to a message

SYNOPSIS
       repl [+folder] [msgs] [-annotate	| -noannotate] [-group | -nogroup]
	    [-cc all/to/cc/me] [-nocc all/to/cc/me] [-query | -noquery]	[-form
	    formfile] [-format | -noformat] [-filter filterfile] [-inplace |
	    -noinplace]	[-mime | -nomime] [-fcc	+folder] [-width columns]
	    [-draftfolder +folder] [-draftmessage msg] [-nodraftfolder]	[-edi-
	    tor	editor]	[-noedit] [-whatnowproc	program] [-nowhatnowproc]
	    [-atfile] [-noatfile] [-fmtproc program] [-nofmtproc] [-build]
	    [-file msgfile] [-version] [-help]

DESCRIPTION
       Repl may	be used	to produce a reply to an existing message.

       In its simplest form (with no arguments),  repl	will  set  up  a  mes-
       sage-form  skeleton  in	reply  to  the	current	message	in the current
       folder, and invoke the whatnow shell.

       In order	to construct the message draft of the reply, repl uses a reply
       template	to guide its actions.  A reply template	is simply a mhl	format
       file (see mh-format(5) for details).

       If the switch -nogroup is given (it is on by default), then  repl  will
       use  the	 standard forms	file "replcomps".  This	will construct a draft
       message that is intended	to be sent only	to the author of  the  message
       to  which  you are replying.  If	a file named "replcomps" exists	in the
       user's nmh directory, it	will be	used instead  of  this	default	 forms
       file.

       The  default  reply  template "replcomps" will direct repl to construct
       the reply message draft as follows:

	    To:	<Mail-Reply-To>	or <Reply-To> or <From>
	    cc:	<To> and <cc> and <personal address>
	    Fcc: {fcc switch} or +outbox
	    Subject: Re: <Subject>
	    In-Reply-To: <Message-Id>
	    References:	<Message-Id>
	    Comments: In-Reply-To <From> or <apparently	from> or <Sender>
	       message dated <date>
	    --------

       where field names enclosed in angle brackets (< >)  indicate  the  con-
       tents  of  the named field from the message to which the	reply is being
       made.

       By default,  the	 "cc:"	field  is  empty.   You	 may  selectively  add
       addresses  to this default with the -cc type switch.  This switch takes
       an argument (all/to/cc/me)  which  specifies  who  gets	added  to  the
       default	"cc:"  list  of	 the reply.  You may give this switch multiple
       times (with different arguments)	if you wish to add multiple  types  of
       addresses.

       If  the	switch	-group is given, then repl will	use the	standard forms
       file "replgroupcomps".  This will construct a  draft  message  that  is
       intended	 as  a	group  or followup reply.  If a	file named "replgroup-
       comps" exists in	the user's nmh directory, it will be used  instead  of
       this  default  forms file, unless you specify another forms file	on the
       command line or in your profile.

       The default group reply template	"replgroupcomps" will direct  repl  to
       construct the reply message draft as follows:

	    To:	<Mail-Followup-To>
	    Subject: Re: <Subject>
	    In-Reply-To: Message from <From> of	<Date>.
			 <Message-Id>
	    --------

       or if the field <Mail-Followup-To> is not available:

	    To:	<Mail-Reply-To>	or <Reply-To> or <From>
	    cc:	<To> and <cc> and <personal address>
	    Subject: Re: <Subject>
	    In-Reply-To: Message from <From> of	<Date>.
			 <Message-Id>
	    --------

       By default, the "cc:" contains all the addresses	shown.	You may	selec-
       tively remove addresses from this default with the -nocc	 type  switch.
       This  switch takes an argument (	all/to/cc/me) which specifies who gets
       removed from the	default	"cc:" list of the reply.  You  may  give  this
       switch  multiple	times (with different arguments) if you	wish to	remove
       multiple	types of addresses.

       In any case, you	may specify an alternate forms file  with  the	switch
       -form formfile.

       The  -query switch modifies the action of -nocc type switch by interac-
       tively asking you if each address that normally would be	placed in  the
       "To:"  and  "cc:"  list should actually be sent a copy.	This is	useful
       for special-purpose replies.  Note that the position  of	 the  -cc  and
       -nocc switches, like all	other switches which take a positive and nega-
       tive form, is important.

       Lines beginning with the	fields "To:", "cc:", and "Bcc:"	will be	 stan-
       dardized	and have duplicate addresses removed.  In addition, the	-width
       columns switch will guide repl's	formatting of these fields.

       If the draft already exists, repl will ask you as to the	disposition of
       the  draft.  A reply of quit will abort repl, leaving the draft intact;
       replace will replace the	existing draft with a blank skeleton; and list
       will display the	draft.

       See  comp(1)  for  a  description  of the -editor and -noedit switches.
       Note that while in the editor, with -atfile and if the  current	direc-
       tory  is	 writable, the message being replied to	is available through a
       link named "@" (assuming	the default whatnowproc).   In	addition,  the
       actual  pathname	 of  the message is stored in the environment variable
       $editalt, and the pathname of the  folder  containing  the  message  is
       stored  in the environment variable $mhfolder.  The creation of the "@"
       file is controlled via the -atfile and -noatfile	options.

       Although	repl uses a forms file to  direct  it  how  to	construct  the
       beginning  of  the draft, it uses a message filter file to direct it as
       to how the message  to  which  you  are	replying  should  be  filtered
       (re-formatted)  in  the	body  of  the draft.  The filter file for repl
       should be a standard form file for mhl, as repl will invoke mhl to for-
       mat the message to which	you are	replying.

       The  switches  -noformat, -format, and -filter filterfile specify which
       message filter file to use.

       If the switch -noformat is given	(it is the default), then the  message
       to which	you are	replying is not	included in the	body of	the draft.

       If  the	switch -format is given, then a	default	message	filter file is
       used.  This default message filter should be adequate for  most	users.
       This default filter "mhl.reply" is:

	    ; mhl.reply
	    ;
	    ; default message filter for `repl'	(repl -format)
	    ;
	    from:nocomponent,formatfield="%(decode(friendly{text})) writes:"
	    body:component="> ",overflowtext=">	",overflowoffset=0

       which  outputs  each  line of the body of the message prefaced with the
       ">" character and a space.

       If a file named "mhl.reply" exists in the user's	nmh directory, it will
       be  used	 instead  of  this form.  You may specify an alternate message
       filter file with	the switch -filter filterfile.

       Other reply filters are commonly	used, such as:

	    :
	    body:nocomponent,compwidth=9,offset=9

       which says to output a blank line and then  the	body  of  the  message
       being replied-to, indented by one tab-stop.  Another popular format is:

	    message-id:nocomponent,nonewline,\
	    formatfield="In message %{text}, "
	    from:nocomponent,formatfield="%(decode(friendly{text})) writes:"
	    body:component=">",overflowtext=">",overflowoffset=0

       This message filter file	cites the Message-ID and author	of the message
       being replied-to, and then outputs each line of the body	prefaced  with
       the ">" character.

       You can also use	an external format program to format the message body.
       The format program is specified by the formatproc profile entry,	and is
       enabled	by the "format"	flag.  A message filter	using an external for-
       mat program would look like this:

	    body:component=">",nowrap,format

       See the mhl(1) documentation for	more information.  The format  program
       can be changed by the -fmtproc program and -nofmtproc switches.

       To  use	the  MIME  rules  for encapsulation, specify the -mime switch.
       This directs repl to generate an	mhbuild	composition file.   Note  that
       nmh  will  not invoke mhbuild automatically; you	must specifically give
       the command

	    What now? mime

       prior to	sending	the draft.

       If the -annotate	switch is given, the message being replied-to will  be
       annotated with the lines

	    Replied: date Replied: addrs

       where the address list contains one line	for each addressee.  The anno-
       tation will be done only	if the message is sent directly	from repl.  If
       the  message is not sent	immediately from repl, "comp -use" may be used
       to re-edit and send the constructed message, but	the annotations	 won't
       take place.  Normally annotations are done inplace in order to preserve
       any links to the	message.  You may use the -noinplace switch to	change
       this.

       Although	 the  default template specifies that a	copy of	the reply will
       be put in the folder 'outbox', if the -fcc +folder switch is  given  it
       will  override  the default value.  More	than one folder, each preceded
       by -fcc can be named.

       In addition to the standard mh-format(5)	escapes, repl also  recognizes
       the following additional	component escape:

	    Escape  Returns  Description
	    fcc	    string   Any folders specified with	`-fcc folder'

       To  avoid  reiteration, repl strips any leading `Re: ' strings from the
       subject component.

       The -draftfolder	+folder	and -draftmessage msg switches invoke the  nmh
       draft  folder  facility.	  This is an advanced (and highly useful) fea-
       ture.  Consult the mh-draft(5) man page for more	information.

       Upon exiting from the editor, repl will	invoke	the  whatnow  program.
       See  whatnow(1)	for a discussion of available options.	The invocation
       of this program can be inhibited	by using  the  -nowhatnowproc  switch.
       (In  truth  of fact, it is the whatnow program which starts the initial
       edit.  Hence, -nowhatnowproc will prevent any edit from occurring.)

       The -build switch is intended to	be used	by the Emacs mh-e interface to
       nmh.  It	implies	-nowhatnowproc.	 It causes a file _mh-dir_/reply to be
       created,	containing the draft message that would	normally be  presented
       to the user for editing.	 No mail is actually sent.

       The  -file  msgfile switch specifies the	message	to be replied to as an
       exact filename rather than as an	nmh folder and message number.	It  is
       intended	 to  be	 used  by  the msh interface to	nmh.  The same caveats
       apply to	this option as to the -build switch.

FILES
       repl looks for all format, filter and template files in multiple	 loca-
       tions:  absolute	 pathnames  are	 accessed directly, tilde expansion is
       done on usernames, and files are	searched for in	the user's Mail	direc-
       tory  as	specified in their profile.  If	not found there, the directory
       "/usr/local/etc/nmh" is checked.

       /usr/local/etc/nmh/replcomps	    The	standard reply template
       or <mh-dir>/replcomps		    Rather than	the standard template
       /usr/local/etc/nmh/replgroupcomps    The	standard `reply	-group'	template
       or <mh-dir>/replgroupcomps	    Rather than	the standard template
       /usr/local/etc/nmh/mhl.reply	    The	standard message filter
       or <mh-dir>/mhl.reply		    Rather than	the standard filter
       $HOME/.mh_profile		    The	user profile
       <mh-dir>/draft			    The	draft file

PROFILE	COMPONENTS
       Path:		    To determine the user's nmh	directory
       Alternate-Mailboxes: To determine the user's mailboxes
       Current-Folder:	    To find the	default	current	folder
       Draft-Folder:	    To find the	default	draft-folder
       Editor:		    To override	the default editor
       Msg-Protect:	    To set mode	when creating a	new message (draft)
       fileproc:	    Program to refile the message
       mhlproc:		    Program to filter message being replied-to
       whatnowproc:	    Program to ask the "What now?" questions

SEE ALSO
       comp(1),	forw(1), mhbuild(1), send(1), whatnow(1), mh-format(5)

DEFAULTS
       `+folder' defaults to the current folder
       `msg' defaults to cur
       `-nogroup'
       `-nocc all' with	`-nogroup', `-cc all' with `-group'
       `-noannotate'
       `-nodraftfolder'
       `-noformat'
       `-inplace'
       `-nomime'
       `-noquery'
       `-noatfile'
       `-width 72'

CONTEXT
       If a folder is given, it	will become the	current	folder.	  The  message
       replied-to will become the current message.

BUGS
       If any addresses	occur in the reply template, addresses in the template
       that do not contain hosts are defaulted incorrectly.  Instead of	 using
       the  localhost  for the default,	repl uses the sender's host.  Moral of
       the story: if you're going to include addresses in  a  reply  template,
       include the host	portion	of the address.

       The  -width  columns  switch  is	only used to do	address-folding; other
       headers are not line-wrapped.

       If whatnowproc is whatnow, then repl uses a built-in whatnow,  it  does
       not  actually  run  the whatnow program.	 Hence,	if you define your own
       whatnowproc, don't call it whatnow since	repl won't run it.

nmh-1.6				 April 9, 2013			       REPL(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | PROFILE COMPONENTS | SEE ALSO | DEFAULTS | CONTEXT | BUGS

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