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RE(4)                  FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                  RE(4)

NAME
     re - RealTek 8139C+/8169/816xS/811xS/8101E PCI/PCIe Ethernet adapter
     driver

SYNOPSIS
     To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your
     kernel configuration file:

           device miibus
           device re

     Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the
     following line in loader.conf(5):

           if_re_load="YES"

DESCRIPTION
     The re driver provides support for various NICs based on the RealTek
     RTL8139C+, RTL8169, RTL8169S, RTL8110S, RTL8168S, RTL8111S and RTL8101E
     PCI and PCIe Ethernet controllers.

     NICs based on the 8139C+ and 8101E are capable of 10 and 100Mbps speeds
     over CAT5 cable.  NICs based on the 8169, 816xS and 811xS are capable of
     10, 100 and 1000Mbps operation.

     All NICs supported by the re driver have TCP/IP checksum offload and
     hardware VLAN tagging/insertion features, and use a descriptor-based DMA
     mechanism.  They are also capable of TCP large send (TCP segmentation
     offload).

     The 8139C+ is a single-chip solution combining both a 10/100 MAC and PHY.
     The 8169 is a 10/100/1000 MAC only, requiring a GMII or TBI external PHY.
     The 8169S and 8110S are single-chip devices containing both a 10/100/1000
     MAC and 10/100/1000 copper PHY.  Standalone 10/100/1000 cards are
     available in both 32-bit PCI and 64-bit PCI models.  The 8110S is
     designed for embedded LAN-on-motherboard applications.

     The 8169, 8169S and 8110S also support jumbo frames, which can be
     configured via the interface MTU setting.  The MTU is limited to 7422,
     since the chip cannot transmit larger frames.  Selecting an MTU larger
     than 1500 bytes with the ifconfig(8) utility configures the adapter to
     receive and transmit jumbo frames.

     The re driver supports the following media types:

     autoselect       Enable autoselection of the media type and options.  The
                      user can manually override the autoselected mode by
                      adding media options to rc.conf(5).

     10baseT/UTP      Set 10Mbps operation.  The ifconfig(8) mediaopt option
                      can also be used to select either full-duplex or
                      half-duplex modes.

     100baseTX        Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation.  The ifconfig(8)
                      mediaopt option can also be used to select either
                      full-duplex or half-duplex modes.

     1000baseTX       Set 1000baseTX operation over twisted pair.  The RealTek
                      gigE chips support 1000Mbps in full-duplex mode only.

     The re driver supports the following media options:

     full-duplex      Force full duplex operation.

     half-duplex      Force half duplex operation.

     For more information on configuring this device, see ifconfig(8).

HARDWARE
     The re driver supports RealTek RTL8139C+, RTL8169, RTL816xS, RTL811xS,
     and RTL8101E based Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet adapters including:

     +o   Alloy Computer Products EtherGOLD 1439E 10/100 (8139C+)
     +o   Compaq Evo N1015v Integrated Ethernet (8139C+)
     +o   Corega CG-LAPCIGT Gigabit Ethernet (8169S)
     +o   D-Link DGE-528(T) Gigabit Ethernet (8169S)
     +o   Gigabyte 7N400 Pro2 Integrated Gigabit Ethernet (8110S)
     +o   LevelOne GNC-0105T (8169S)
     +o   LinkSys EG1032 (32-bit PCI)
     +o   PLANEX COMMUNICATIONS Inc. GN-1200TC (8169S)
     +o   USRobotics USR997902 Gigabit Ethernet (8169S)
     +o   Xterasys XN-152 10/100/1000 NIC (8169)

DIAGNOSTICS
     re%d: couldn't map memory  A fatal initialization error has occurred.

     re%d: couldn't map ports  A fatal initialization error has occurred.

     re%d: couldn't map interrupt  A fatal initialization error has occurred.

     re%d: no memory for softc struct!  The driver failed to allocate memory
     for per-device instance information during initialization.

     re%d: failed to enable memory mapping!  The driver failed to initialize
     PCI shared memory mapping.  This might happen if the card is not in a
     bus-master slot.

     re%d: no memory for jumbo buffers!  The driver failed to allocate memory
     for jumbo frames during initialization.

     re%d: watchdog timeout  The device has stopped responding to the network,
     or there is a problem with the network connection (cable).

SEE ALSO
     altq(4), arp(4), miibus(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), polling(4),
     vlan(4), ifconfig(8)

     RealTek Semiconductor RTL8139C+, RTL8169, RTL8169S and RTL8110S
     datasheets, http://www.realtek.com.tw/.

HISTORY
     The re device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 5.2.

AUTHORS
     The re driver was written by Bill Paul <wpaul@windriver.com>.

BUGS
     The Xterasys XN-152 32-bit PCI NIC, which uses the RTL8169 MAC and
     Marvell 88E1000 PHY, has a defect that causes DMA corruption if the board
     is plugged into a 64-bit PCI slot.  The defect lies in the board design,
     not the chip itself: the PCI REQ64# and ACK64# lines should be pulled
     high, but they are not.  The result is that the 8169 chip is tricked into
     performing 64-bit DMA transfers even though a 64-bit data path between
     the NIC and the bus does not actually exist.

     Unfortunately, it is not possible to correct this problem in software,
     however it is possible to detect it.  When the re driver is loaded, it
     will run a diagnostic routine designed to validate DMA operation by
     placing the chip in digital loopback mode and initiating a packet
     transmission.  If the card functions properly, the transmitted data will
     be echoed back unmodified.  If the echoed data is corrupt, the driver
     will print an error message on the console and abort the device attach.
     The user should insure the NIC is installed in a 32-bit PCI slot to avoid
     this problem.

     The RealTek 8169, 8169S and 8110S chips appear to only be capable of
     transmitting jumbo frames up to 7.5K in size.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        January 14, 2006        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | HARDWARE | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS | BUGS

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