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RC.CONF(5)		    BSD	File Formats Manual		    RC.CONF(5)

NAME
     rc.conf --	system configuration information

DESCRIPTION
     The file rc.conf contains descriptive information about the local host
     name, configuration details for any potential network interfaces and
     which services should be started up at system initial boot	time.  In new
     installations, the	rc.conf	file is	generally initialized by the system
     installation utility, sysinstall(8).

     The purpose of rc.conf is not to run commands or perform system startup
     actions directly.	Instead, it is included	by the various generic startup
     scripts in	/etc which conditionalize their	internal actions according to
     the settings found	there.

     The /etc/rc.conf file is included from the	file /etc/defaults/rc.conf,
     which specifies the default settings for all the available	options.  Op-
     tions need	only be	specified in /etc/rc.conf when the system administra-
     tor wishes	to override these defaults.  The file /etc/rc.conf.local is
     used to override settings in /etc/rc.conf for historical reasons.	See
     the rc_conf_files variable	below.

     The following list	provides a name	and short description for each vari-
     able that can be set in the rc.conf file:

     swapfile	 (str) If set to "NO", no swapfile is installed, otherwise the
		 value is used as the full pathname to a file to use for addi-
		 tional	swap space.

     apm_enable	 (bool)	If set to "YES", enable	support	for Automatic Power
		 Management with the apm(8) command.

     apmd_enable
		 (bool)	Run apmd(8) to handle APM event	from userland.	This
		 also enables support for APM.

     apmd_flags	 (str) If apmd_enable is set to	"YES", these are the flags to
		 pass to the apmd(8) daemon.

     devd_enable
		 (bool)	Run devd(8) to handle device added, removed or unknown
		 events	from the kernel.

     pccard_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", enable	PCCARD support at boot time.

     pccard_mem	 (str) Set to PCCARD controller	memory address or "DEFAULT"
		 for the default value.

     pccard_ifconfig
		 (str) List of arguments to be passed to ifconfig(8) at	boot
		 time or on insertion of the card (e.g.	"inet 192.168.1.1
		 netmask 255.255.255.0"	for a fixed address or "DHCP" for a
		 DHCP client).

     pccard_beep
		 (int) If 0, set the PCCARD controller to silent mode.	If 1,
		 set it	to beep	mode.  If 2, set it to melody mode.

     pccard_conf
		 (str) Path to the configuration file for the pccardd(8) dae-
		 mon (e.g. /etc/pccard.conf.sample).

     pccardd_flags
		 (str) If pccard_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		 to pass to the	pccardd(8) daemon.

     pccard_ether_delay
		 (str) Set the delay before starting dhclient(8) in
		 pccard_ether(8) script.  This defaults	to 5 seconds to	work
		 around	a bug in the ed(4) driver which	can lead to system
		 hangs when using some newer ed(4) based cards.

     removable_interfaces
		 (str) List of removable network interfaces to be supported by
		 /etc/pccard_ether.

     local_startup
		 (str) List of directories to search for startup script	files.

     script_name_sep
		 (str) The field separator to use for breaking down the	list
		 of startup script files into individual filenames.  The de-
		 fault is a space.  It is not necessary	to change this unless
		 there are startup scripts with	names containing spaces.

     hostname	 (str) The fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of this host on
		 the network.  This should almost certainly be set to some-
		 thing meaningful, even	if there is no network connection.  If
		 dhclient(8) is	used to	set the	hostname via DHCP, this	vari-
		 able should be	set to an empty	string.

     nisdomainname
		 (str) The NIS domain name of this host, or "NO" if NIS	is not
		 used.

     dhcp_program
		 (str) Path to the DHCP	client program (/sbin/dhclient,	the
		 ISC DHCP client, is the default).

     dhcp_flags	 (str) Additional flags	to pass	to the DHCP client program.
		 For the ISC DHCP client, see the dhclient(8) manpage for a
		 description of	the command line options available.

     firewall_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	load firewall rules at startup.	 If
		 the kernel was	not built with options IPFIREWALL, the ipfw.ko
		 kernel	module will be loaded.	See also ipfilter_enable.

     firewall_script
		 (str) This variable specifies the full	path to	the firewall
		 script	to run.	 The default is	/etc/rc.firewall.

     firewall_type
		 (str) Names the firewall type from the	selection in
		 /etc/rc.firewall, or the file which contains the local	fire-
		 wall ruleset.	Valid selections from /etc/rc.firewall are:

		 open	 unrestricted IP access
		 closed	 all IP	services disabled, except via "lo0"
		 client	 basic protection for a	workstation
		 simple	 basic protection for a	LAN.

		 If a filename is specified, the full path must	be given.

     firewall_quiet
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	disable	the display of firewall	rules
		 on the	console	during boot.

     firewall_logging
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable firewall	event logging.	This
		 is equivalent to the IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE kernel	option.

     firewall_flags
		 (str) Flags passed to ipfw(8) if firewall_type	specifies a
		 filename.

     natd_program
		 (str) Path to natd(8).

     natd_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable natd(8).	 firewall_enable must
		 also be set to	"YES", and divert(4) sockets must be enabled
		 in the	kernel.

     natd_interface
		 (str) This is the name	of the public interface	on which
		 natd(8) should	run.  The interface may	be given as an inter-
		 face name or as an IP address.

     natd_flags	 (str) Additional natd(8) flags	should be placed here.	The -n
		 or -a flag is automatically added with	the above
		 natd_interface	as an argument.

     ipfilter_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Setting this to "YES" enables
		 ipf(8)	packet filtering.

		 Typical usage will require putting

		 ipfilter_enable="YES"
		 ipnat_enable="YES"
		 ipmon_enable="YES"
		 ipfs_enable="YES"

		 into /etc/rc.conf and editing /etc/ipf.rules and
		 /etc/ipnat.rules appropriately.

		 Note that ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable can	be enabled in-
		 dependently.  ipmon_enable and	ipfs_enable both require at
		 least one of ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable to be enabled.

		 Having

		 options IPFILTER
		 options IPFILTER_LOG
		 options IPFILTER_DEFAULT_BLOCK

		 in the	kernel configuration file is a good idea, too.

     ipfilter_program
		 (str) Path to ipf(8) (default /sbin/ipf).

     ipfilter_rules
		 (str) Set to /etc/ipf.rules by	default.  This variable	con-
		 tains the name	of the filter rule definition file.  The file
		 is expected to	be readable for	the ipf(8) command to execute.

     ipfilter_flags
		 (str) Empty by	default.  This variable	contains flags passed
		 to the	ipf(8) program.

     ipnat_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set it	to "YES" to enable
		 ipnat(1) network address translation.	See ipfilter_enable
		 for a detailed	discussion.

     ipnat_program
		 (str) Path to ipnat(1)	(default /sbin/ipnat).

     ipnat_rules
		 (str) Set to /etc/ipnat.rules by default.  This variable con-
		 tains the name	of the file holding the	network	address	trans-
		 lation	definition.  This file is expected to be readable for
		 the ipnat(1) command to execute.

     ipnat_flags
		 (str) Empty by	default.  This variable	contains flags passed
		 to the	ipnat(1) program.

     ipmon_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set it	to "YES" to enable
		 ipmon(8) monitoring (logging ipf(8) and ipnat(1) events).
		 Setting this variable needs setting ipfilter_enable or
		 ipnat_enable too.  See	ipfilter_enable	for a detailed discus-
		 sion.

     ipmon_program
		 (str) Path to ipmon(8)	(default /sbin/ipmon).

     ipmon_flags
		 (str) Set to "-Ds" by default.	 This variable contains	flags
		 passed	to the ipmon(8)	program.  Another typical example
		 would be "-D /var/log/ipflog" to have ipmon(8)	log directly
		 to a file bypassing syslogd(8).  Make sure to adjust
		 /etc/newsyslog.conf in	such case like this:

		 /var/log/ipflog  640  10  100	*  Z  /var/run/ipmon.pid

     ipfs_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set it	to "YES" to enable
		 ipfs(8) saving	the filter and NAT state tables	during shut-
		 down and reloading them during	startup	again.	Setting	this
		 variable needs	setting	ipfilter_enable	or ipnat_enable	to
		 "YES" too.  See ipfilter_enable for a detailed	discussion.
		 Note that if kern_securelevel is set to 3, ipfs_enable	cannot
		 be used because the raised securelevel	will prevent ipfs(8)
		 from saving the state tables at shutdown time.

     ipfs_program
		 (str) Path to ipfs(8) (default	/sbin/ipfs).

     ipfs_flags	 (str) Empty by	default.  This variable	contains flags passed
		 to the	ipfs(8)	program.

     tcp_extensions
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" by	default.  Setting this to "NO" dis-
		 ables certain TCP options as described	by RFC 1323.  Setting
		 this to "NO" might help remedy	such problems with connections
		 as randomly hanging or	other weird behavior.  Some network
		 devices are known to be broken	with respect to	these options.

     log_in_vain
		 (int) Set to 0	by default.  The sysctl(8) variables,
		 net.inet.tcp.log_in_vain and net.inet.udp.log_in_vain,	as de-
		 scribed in tcp(4) and udp(4), are set to the given value.

     tcp_keepalive
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" by	default.  Setting to "NO" will disable
		 probing idle TCP connections to verify	that the peer is still
		 up and	reachable.

     tcp_drop_synfin
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Setting to "YES" will cause
		 the kernel to ignore TCP frames that have both	the SYN	and
		 FIN flags set.	 This prevents OS fingerprinting, but may
		 break some legitimate applications.  This option is only
		 available if the kernel was built with	the TCP_DROP_SYNFIN
		 option.

     icmp_drop_redirect
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Setting to "YES" will cause
		 the kernel to ignore ICMP REDIRECT packets.

     icmp_log_redirect
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Setting to "YES" will cause
		 the kernel to log ICMP	REDIRECT packets.  Note	that the log
		 messages are not rate-limited,	so this	option should only be
		 used for troubleshooting networks.

     network_interfaces
		 (str) Set to the list of network interfaces to	configure on
		 this host.  For example, if the only network devices in the
		 system	are the	loopback device	(lo0) and a NIC	using the
		 ed(4) driver, this could be set to "lo0 ed0".	An
		 ifconfig_<interface> variable is also assumed to exist	for
		 each value of interface.  It is also possible to add IP alias
		 entries here in cases where multiple IP addresses registered
		 against a single interface are	desired.  Assuming that	the
		 interface in question was ed0,	it might look something	like
		 this:

		 ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		 ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		 And so	on.  For each ifconfig_<interface>_alias<n> entry that
		 is found, its contents	are passed to ifconfig(8).  Execution
		 stops at the first unsuccessful access, so if something like
		 this is present:

		 ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.251 netmask 0xffffffff"
		 ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.252 netmask 0xffffffff"
		 ifconfig_ed0_alias2="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		 ifconfig_ed0_alias4="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		 Then note that	alias4 would not be added since	the search
		 would stop with the missing alias3 entry.

		 It is possible	to bring up an interface with DHCP by setting
		 the ifconfig_<interface> variable to "DHCP".  For instance,
		 to initialize the ed0 device via DHCP,	it is possible to use
		 something like:

		 ifconfig_ed0="DHCP"

     cloned_interfaces
		 (str) Set to the list of clonable network interfaces to cre-
		 ate on	this host.  Entries in cloned_interfaces are automati-
		 cally appended	to network_interfaces for configuration.

     gif_interfaces
		 (str) Set to the list of gif(4) tunnel	interfaces to config-
		 ure on	this host.  A gifconfig_<interface> variable is	as-
		 sumed to exist	for each value of interface.  The value	of
		 this variable is used to configure the	link layer of the tun-
		 nel according to the syntax of	the tunnel option to
		 ifconfig(8).  Additionally, this option ensures that each
		 listed	interface is created via the create option to
		 ifconfig(8) before attempting to configure it.

     ppp_enable	 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the ppp(8)	daemon.

     ppp_mode	 (str) Mode in which to	run the	ppp(8) daemon.	Accepted modes
		 are "auto", "ddial", "direct" and "dedicated".	 See the man-
		 ual for a full	description.

     ppp_nat	 (bool)	If set to "YES", enables network address translation.
		 Used in conjunction with gateway_enable allows	hosts on pri-
		 vate network addresses	access to the Internet using this host
		 as a network address translating router.

     ppp_profile
		 (str) The name	of the profile to use from /etc/ppp/ppp.conf.

     ppp_user	 (str) The name	of the user under which	ppp(8) should be
		 started.  By default, ppp(8) is started as "root".

     rc_conf_files
		 (str) This option is used to specify a	list of	files that
		 will override the settings in /etc/defaults/rc.conf.  The
		 files will be read in the order in which they are specified
		 and should include the	full path to the file.	By default,
		 the files specified are /etc/rc.conf and /etc/rc.conf.local

     fsck_y_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", fsck(8) will be run with the -y flag
		 if the	initial	preen of the file systems fails.

     background_fsck
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", the system will attempt to run
		 fsck(8) in the	background where possible.

     extra_netfs_types
		 (str) If set to something other than "NO" (the	default), this
		 variable extends the list of file system types	for which au-
		 tomatic mounting at startup by	rc(8) should be	delayed	until
		 the network is	initialized.  It should	contain	a whitespace-
		 separated list	of network file	system descriptor pairs, each
		 consisting of a file system type as passed to mount(8)	and a
		 human-readable, one-word description, joined with a colon
		 (`:').	 Extending the default list in this way	is only	neces-
		 sary when third party file system types are used.

     syslogd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the syslogd(8) daemon.

     syslogd_program
		 (str) Path to syslogd(8) (default /usr/sbin/syslogd).

     syslogd_flags
		 (str) If syslogd_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		 to pass to syslogd(8).

     inetd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the inetd(8) daemon.

     inetd_program
		 (str) Path to inetd(8)	(default /usr/sbin/inetd).

     inetd_flags
		 (str) If inetd_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to inetd(8).

     named_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the named(8) daemon.

     named_program
		 (str) Path to named(8)	(default /usr/sbin/named).

     named_flags
		 (str) If named_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to named(8).

     kerberos4_server_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start a	Kerberos IV authentication
		 server	at boot	time.

     kadmind4_server_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start kadmind(8), the Kerberos IV Ad-
		 ministration Daemon; set to "NO" on a slave server.

     kerberos_stash
		 (str) If "YES", instruct the Kerberos servers to use the
		 stashed master	key instead of prompting for it	(only if
		 kerberos_server_enable	is set to "YES", and is	used for both
		 kerberos(1) and kadmind(8)).

     kerberos5_server_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start a	Kerberos 5 authentication
		 server	at boot	time.

     kadmind5_server_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start k5admind(8), the Kerberos	5 Ad-
		 ministration Daemon; set to "NO" on a slave server.

     rwhod_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the rwhod(8) daemon at boot time.

     rwhod_flags
		 (str) If rwhod_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to it.

     amd_enable	 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the amd(8)	daemon at boot time.

     amd_flags	 (str) If amd_enable is	set to "YES", these are	the flags to
		 pass to it.  See the amd(8) manpage for more information.

     amd_map_program
		 (str) If set, the specified program is	run to get the list of
		 amd(8)	maps.  For example, if the amd(8) maps are stored in
		 NIS, one can set this to run ypcat(1) to get a	list of	amd(8)
		 maps from the amd.master NIS map.

     update_motd
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", /etc/motd will	be updated at boot
		 time to reflect the kernel release being run.	If set to
		 "NO", /etc/motd will not be updated.

     nfs_client_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the NFS client daemons at boot
		 time.

     nfs_access_cache
		 (int) If nfs_client_enable is set to "YES", this can be set
		 to "0"	to disable NFS ACCESS RPC caching, or to the number of
		 seconds for which NFS ACCESS results should be	cached.	 A
		 value of 2-10 seconds will substantially reduce network traf-
		 fic for many NFS operations.

     nfs_server_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the NFS server daemons at boot
		 time.

     nfs_server_flags
		 (str) If nfs_server_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the nfsd(8) daemon.

     mountd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", and no	nfs_server_enable is set,
		 start mountd(8), but not nfsd(8) daemon.  It is commonly
		 needed	to run CFS without real	NFS used.

     weak_mountd_authentication
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", allow services	like PCNFSD to make
		 non-privileged	mount requests.

     nfs_privport
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", provide NFS services only on a	secure
		 port.

     nfs_bufpackets
		 (int) If set to a number, indicates the number	of packets
		 worth of socket buffer	space to reserve on an NFS client.  If
		 set to	"DEFAULT", the kernel default is used (typically 4).
		 Using a higher	number may be useful on	gigabit	networks to
		 improve performance.  The minimum value is 2 and the maximum
		 is 64.

     rpc_lockd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES"	and also an NFS	server,	run
		 rpc.lockd(8) at boot time.

     rpc_statd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES"	and also an NFS	server,	run
		 rpc.statd(8) at boot time.

     rpcbind_program
		 (str) Path to rpcbind(8) (default /usr/sbin/rpcbind).

     rpcbind_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the rpcbind(8) service at boot
		 time.

     rpcbind_flags
		 (str) If rpcbind_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		 to pass to the	rpcbind(8) daemon.

     xtend_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the xtend(8) daemon at boot time.

     xtend_flags
		 (str) If xtend_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to the xtend(8) daemon.

     pppoed_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the pppoed(8) daemon at boot time
		 to provide PPP	over Ethernet services.

     pppoed_provider
		 (str) pppoed(8) listens to requests to	this provider and ul-
		 timately runs ppp(8) with a system argument of	the same name.

     pppoed_flags
		 (str) Additional flags	to pass	to pppoed(8).

     pppoed_interface
		 (str) The network interface to	run pppoed(8) on.  This	is
		 mandatory when	pppoed_enable is set to	"YES".

     timed_enable
		 (boot)	If set to "YES", run the timed(8) service at boot
		 time.	This command is	intended for networks of machines
		 where a consistent "network time" for all hosts must be es-
		 tablished.  This is often useful in large NFS environments
		 where time stamps on files are	expected to be consistent net-
		 work-wide.

     timed_flags
		 (str) If timed_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to the timed(8) service.

     ntpdate_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run ntpdate(8)	at system startup.
		 This command is intended to synchronize the system clock only
		 once from some	standard reference.  An	option to set this up
		 initially (from a list	of known servers) is also provided by
		 the sysinstall(8) program when	the system is first installed.

     ntpdate_program
		 (str) Path to ntpdate(8) (default /usr/sbin/ntpdate).

     ntpdate_flags
		 (str) If ntpdate_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		 to pass to the	ntpdate(8) command (typically a	hostname).

     ntpd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the ntpd(8) command at boot time.

     ntpd_program
		 (str) Path to ntpd(8) (default	/usr/sbin/ntpd).

     ntpd_flags	 (str) If ntpd_enable is set to	"YES", these are the flags to
		 pass to the ntpd(8) daemon.

     nis_client_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the ypbind(8) service at system
		 boot time.

     nis_client_flags
		 (str) If nis_client_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the ypbind(8)	service.

     nis_ypset_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the ypset(8) daemon at system
		 boot time.

     nis_ypset_flags
		 (str) If nis_ypset_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the ypset(8) daemon.

     nis_server_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the ypserv(8) daemon at system
		 boot time.

     nis_server_flags
		 (str) If nis_server_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the ypserv(8)	daemon.

     nis_ypxfrd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon at sys-
		 tem boot time.

     nis_ypxfrd_flags
		 (str) If nis_ypxfrd_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon.

     nis_yppasswdd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the rpc.yppasswdd(8) daemon at
		 system	boot time.

     nis_yppasswdd_flags
		 (str) If nis_yppasswdd_enable is set to "YES",	these are the
		 flags to pass to the rpc.yppasswdd(8) daemon.

     defaultrouter
		 (str) If not set to "NO", create a default route to this host
		 name or IP address (use an IP address if this router is also
		 required to get to the	name server!).

     static_routes
		 (str) Set to the list of static routes	that are to be added
		 at system boot	time.  If not set to "NO" then for each	white-
		 space separated element in the	value, a route_<element> vari-
		 able is assumed to exist whose	contents will later be passed
		 to a "route add" operation.

     gateway_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", configure host	to act as an IP
		 router, e.g. to forward packets between interfaces.

     router_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run a routing daemon of some sort,
		 based on the settings of router and router_flags.

     router	 (str) If router_enable	is set to "YES", this is the name of
		 the routing daemon to use.

     router_flags
		 (str) If router_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		 to pass to the	routing	daemon.

     mrouted_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the multicast routing daemon,
		 mrouted(8).

     mrouted_flags
		 (str) If mrouted_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		 to pass to the	mrouted(8) daemon.

     ipxgateway_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", enable	the routing of IPX traffic.

     ipxrouted_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the IPXrouted(8) daemon at	system
		 boot time.

     ipxrouted_flags
		 (str) If ipxrouted_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the IPXrouted(8) daemon.

     arpproxy_all
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", enable	global proxy ARP.

     forward_sourceroute
		 (bool)	If set to "YES"	and gateway_enable is also set to
		 "YES",	source-routed packets are forwarded.

     accept_sourceroute
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", the system will accept	source-routed
		 packets directed at it.

     rarpd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the rarpd(8) daemon at system
		 boot time.

     rarpd_flags
		 (str) If rarpd_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		 pass to the rarpd(8) daemon.

     bootparamd_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the bootparamd(8) daemon at sys-
		 tem boot time.

     bootparamd_flags
		 (str) If bootparamd_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		 flags to pass to the bootparamd(8) daemon.

     atm_enable	 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable the configuration of ATM	inter-
		 faces at system boot time.  For all of	the ATM	variables de-
		 scribed below,	please refer to	the atm(8) man page for	fur-
		 ther details on the available command parameters.  Also refer
		 to the	files in /usr/share/examples/atm for more detailed
		 configuration information.

     atm_netif_<intf>
		 (str) For the ATM physical interface intf, this variable de-
		 fines the name	prefix and count for the ATM network inter-
		 faces to be created.  The value will be passed	as the parame-
		 ters of an "atm set netif intf" command.

     atm_sigmgr_<intf>
		 (str) For the ATM physical interface intf, this variable de-
		 fines the ATM signalling manager to be	used.  The value will
		 be passed as the parameters of	an "atm	attach intf" command.

     atm_prefix_<intf>
		 (str) For the ATM physical interface intf, this variable de-
		 fines the NSAP	prefix for interfaces using a UNI signalling
		 manager.  If set to "ILMI", the prefix	will automatically be
		 set via the ilmid(8) daemon.  Otherwise, the value will be
		 passed	as the parameters of an	"atm set prefix	intf" command.

     atm_macaddr_<intf>
		 (str) For the ATM physical interface intf, this variable de-
		 fines the MAC address for interfaces using a UNI signalling
		 manager.  If set to "NO", the hardware	MAC address contained
		 in the	ATM interface card will	be used.  Otherwise, the value
		 will be passed	as the parameters of an	"atm set mac intf"
		 command.

     atm_arpserver_<netif>
		 (str) For the ATM network interface netif, this variable de-
		 fines the ATM address for a host which	is to provide ATMARP
		 service.  This	variable is only applicable to interfaces us-
		 ing a UNI signalling manager.	If set to "local", this	host
		 will become an	ATMARP server.	The value will be passed as
		 the parameters	of an "atm set arpserver netif"	command.

     atm_scsparp_<netif>
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", SCSP/ATMARP service for the network
		 interface netif will be initiated using the scspd(8) and
		 atmarpd(8) daemons.  This variable is only applicable if
		 atm_arpserver_<netif> is set to "local".

     atm_pvcs	 (str) Set to the list of ATM PVCs to be added at system boot
		 time.	For each whitespace separated element in the value, an
		 atm_pvc_<element> variable is assumed to exist.  The value of
		 each of these variables will be passed	as the parameters of
		 an "atm add pvc" command.

     atm_arps	 (str) Set to the list of permanent ATM	ARP entries to be
		 added at system boot time.  For each whitespace separated
		 element in the	value, an atm_arp_<element> variable is	as-
		 sumed to exist.  The value of each of these variables will be
		 passed	as the parameters of an	"atm add arp" command.

     keymap	 (str) If set to "NO", no keymap is installed, otherwise the
		 value is used to install the keymap file in
		 /usr/share/syscons/keymaps/<value>.kbd.

     keyrate	 (str) The keyboard repeat speed.  Set to "slow", "normal",
		 "fast", or "NO" if the	default	behavior is desired.

     keychange	 (str) If not set to "NO", attempt to program the function
		 keys with the value.  The value should	be a single string of
		 the form: "funkey_number new_value [funkey_number new_value
		 ...]".

     cursor	 (str) Can be set to the value of "normal", "blink",
		 "destructive",	or "NO"	to set the cursor behavior explicitly
		 or choose the default behavior.

     scrnmap	 (str) If set to "NO", no screen map is	installed, otherwise
		 the value is used to install the screen map file in
		 /usr/share/syscons/scrnmaps/<value>.

     font8x16	 (str) If set to "NO", the default 8x16	font value is used for
		 screen	size requests, otherwise the value in
		 /usr/share/syscons/fonts/<value> is used.

     font8x14	 (str) If set to "NO", the default 8x14	font value is used for
		 screen	size requests, otherwise the value in
		 /usr/share/syscons/fonts/<value> is used.

     font8x8	 (str) If set to "NO", the default 8x8 font value is used for
		 screen	size requests, otherwise the value in
		 /usr/share/syscons/fonts/<value> is used.

     blanktime	 (int) If set to "NO", the default screen blanking interval is
		 used, otherwise it is set to value seconds.

     saver	 (str) If not set to "NO", this	is the actual screen saver to
		 use (blank, snake, daemon, etc).

     moused_enable
		 (str) If set to "YES",	the moused(8) daemon is	started	for
		 doing cut/paste selection on the console.

     moused_type
		 (str) This is the protocol type of the	mouse connected	to
		 this host.  This variable must	be set if moused_enable	is set
		 to "YES".  The	moused(8) daemon is able to detect the appro-
		 priate	mouse type automatically in many cases.	 Set this
		 variable to "auto" to let the daemon detect it, or select one
		 from the following list if the	automatic detection fails.

		 If the	mouse is attached to the PS/2 mouse port, choose
		 "auto"	or "ps/2", regardless of the brand and model of	the
		 mouse.	 Likewise, if the mouse	is attached to the bus mouse
		 port, choose "auto" or	"busmouse".  All other protocols are
		 for serial mice and will not work with	the PS/2 and bus mice.
		 If this is a USB mouse, "auto"	is the only protocol type
		 which will work.

		 microsoft	 Microsoft mouse (serial)
		 intellimouse	 Microsoft IntelliMouse	(serial)
		 mousesystems	 Mouse systems Corp. mouse (serial)
		 mmseries	 MM Series mouse (serial)
		 logitech	 Logitech mouse	(serial)
		 busmouse	 A bus mouse
		 mouseman	 Logitech MouseMan and TrackMan	(serial)
		 glidepoint	 ALPS GlidePoint (serial)
		 thinkingmouse	 Kensington ThinkingMouse (serial)
		 ps/2		 PS/2 mouse
		 mmhittab	 MM HitTablet (serial)
		 x10mouseremote	 X10 MouseRemote (serial)
		 versapad	 Interlink VersaPad (serial)

		 Even if the mouse is not in the above list, it	may be compat-
		 ible with one in the list.  Refer to the man page for
		 moused(8) for compatibility information.

		 It should also	be noted that while this is enabled, any other
		 client	of the mouse (such as an X server) should access the
		 mouse through the virtual mouse device, /dev/sysmouse,	and
		 configure it as a "sysmouse" type mouse, since	all mouse data
		 is converted to this single canonical format when using
		 moused(8).  If	the client program does	not support the
		 "sysmouse" type, specify the "mousesystems" type.  It is the
		 second	preferred type.

     moused_port
		 (str) If moused_enable	is set to "YES", this is the actual
		 port the mouse	is on.	It might be /dev/cuaa0 for a COM1 se-
		 rial mouse, /dev/psm0 for a PS/2 mouse	or /dev/mse0 for a bus
		 mouse,	for example.

     moused_flags
		 (str) If moused_type is set, these are	the additional flags
		 to pass to the	moused(8) daemon.

     mousechar_start
		 (int) If set to "NO", the default mouse cursor	character
		 range 0xd0-0xd3 is used, otherwise the	range start is set to
		 value character, see vidcontrol(1).  Use if the default range
		 is occupied in	the language code table.

     allscreens_flags
		 (str) If set, vidcontrol(1) is	run with these options for
		 each of the virtual terminals (/dev/ttyv*).  For example, "-m
		 on" will enable the mouse pointer on all virtual terminals if
		 moused_enable is set to "YES".

     allscreens_kbdflags
		 (str) If set, kbdcontrol(1) is	run with these options for
		 each of the virtual terminals (/dev/ttyv*).  For example, "-h
		 200" will set the syscons(4) scrollback (history) buffer to
		 200 lines.

     cron_enable
		 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the cron(8) daemon	at system boot
		 time.

     cron_program
		 (str) Path to cron(8) (default	/usr/sbin/cron).

     cron_flags	 (str) If cron_enable is set to	"YES", these are the flags to
		 pass to cron(8).

     lpd_program
		 (str) Path to lpd(8) (default /usr/sbin/lpd).

     lpd_enable	 (bool)	If set to "YES", run the lpd(8)	daemon at system boot
		 time.

     lpd_flags	 (str) If lpd_enable is	set to "YES", these are	the flags to
		 pass to the lpd(8) daemon.

     mta_start_script
		 (str) This variable specifies the full	path to	the script to
		 run to	start a	mail transfer agent.  The default is
		 /etc/rc.sendmail.  The	sendmail_* variables which
		 /etc/rc.sendmail uses are documented in the rc.sendmail(8)
		 man page.

     dumpdev	 (str) Indicates the device (usually a swap partition) to
		 which a crash dump should be written in the event of a	system
		 crash.	 The value of this variable is passed as the argument
		 to dumpon(8).	To disable crash dumps,	set this variable to
		 "NO".

     dumpdir	 (str) When the	system reboots after a crash and a crash dump
		 is found on the device	specified by the dumpdev variable,
		 savecore(8) will save that crash dump and a copy of the ker-
		 nel to	the directory specified	by the dumpdir variable.  The
		 default value is /var/crash.  Set to "NO" to not run
		 savecore(8) at	boot time when dumpdir is set.

     savecore_flags
		 (str) If crash	dumps are enabled, these are the flags to pass
		 to the	savecore(8) utility.

     enable_quotas
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	turn on	user disk quotas on system
		 startup via the quotaon(8) command.

     check_quotas
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable user disk quota checking	via
		 the quotacheck(8) command.

     accounting_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable system accounting through the
		 accton(8) facility.

     ibcs2_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable iBCS2 (SCO) binary emulation at
		 system	initial	boot time.

     ibcs2_loaders
		 (str) If not set to "NO" and if ibcs2_enable is set to	"YES",
		 this specifies	a list of additional iBCS2 loaders to enable.

     linux_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable Linux/ELF binary	emulation at
		 system	initial	boot time.

     osf1_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable OSF/1 (Digital UNIX) binary em-
		 ulation at system initial boot	time.  (alpha)

     clear_tmp_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	have /tmp cleaned at startup.

     ldconfig_paths
		 (str) Set to the list of shared library paths to use with
		 ldconfig(8).  NOTE: /usr/lib will always be added first, so
		 it need not appear in this list.

     ldconfig_insecure
		 (bool)	The ldconfig(8)	utility	normally refuses to use	direc-
		 tories	which are writable by anyone except root.  Set this
		 variable to "YES" to disable that security check during sys-
		 tem startup.

     kern_securelevel_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	set the	kernel security	level at sys-
		 tem startup.

     kern_securelevel
		 (int) The kernel security level to set	at startup.  The al-
		 lowed range of	value ranges from -1 (the compile time de-
		 fault)	to 3 (the most secure).	 See init(8) for the list of
		 possible security levels and their effect on system opera-
		 tion.

     lomac_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	enable Low Watermark Mandatory Access
		 Control (LOMAC) at boot time.	This security model enforces
		 integrity constraints for system processes; see lomac(4) for
		 a complete description	of the LOMAC model, as well as its im-
		 pact on system	operation.

     start_vinum
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start vinum(8) at system boot time.

     sshd_program
		 (str) Path to the SSH server program (/usr/sbin/sshd is the
		 default).

     sshd_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "YES" to	start sshd(8) at system	boot time.

     sshd_flags	 (str) If sshd_enable is set to	"YES", these are the flags to
		 pass to the sshd(8) daemon.

     unaligned_print
		 (bool)	If set to "NO",	unaligned access warnings will not be
		 printed.  (alpha)

     isdn_enable
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 When set to "YES", starts the
		 isdnd(8) daemon at system boot	time.

     isdn_flags	 (str) Set to "-dn -d0x1f9" by default.	 Additional flags to
		 pass to isdnd(8) (but see isdn_fsdev and isdn_ttype for cer-
		 tain tunable parameters).

     isdn_ttype	 (str) Set to "cons25" by default.  The	terminal type of the
		 output	device when isdnd(8) operates in full-screen mode.

     isdn_screenflags
		 (str) Set to "NO" by default.	The video mode for full-screen
		 mode (only for	syscons(4) console driver, see vidcontrol(1)
		 for valid modes).

     isdn_fsdev	 (str) Set to "NO" by default.	The output device for isdnd(8)
		 in full-screen	mode (or "NO" for daemon mode).

     isdn_trace	 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 When set to "YES", enables
		 the ISDN protocol trace utility isdntrace(8) at system	boot
		 time.

     isdn_traceflags
		 (str) Set to "-f /var/tmp/isdntrace0" by default.  Flags for
		 isdntrace(8).

     pcvt_verbose
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 When set to "YES", verbose
		 messages about	the actions done by the	start script are dis-
		 played.  Note:	the pcvt(4) driver must	be compiled into the
		 kernel	before the pcvt(4) related options described here take
		 any effect.

     pcvt_keymap
		 (str) Set to "NO" by default.	Use this to configure a	na-
		 tional	keyboard mapping found in the
		 /usr/share/misc/keycap.pcvt file of keyboard mappings.	 (See
		 also the manual pages keycap(5) and keycap(3) for usage of
		 pcvt(4)'s keycap database and the manual page kcon(1) option
		 -m for	national keyboard mapping configuration.)

     pcvt_keydel
		 (int) Set to "NO" by default.	Used to	set the	keyboard key
		 repeat	delay value.  Valid values are in the range 0..3 for
		 delay values of 250, 500, 750 and 1000	msec.  (See also the
		 kcon(1) manual	page.)

     pcvt_keyrate
		 (int) Set to "NO" by default.	Used to	set the	keyboard key
		 repetition rate value.	 Valid values are in the range 0..31
		 for repetition	values of 2..30	characters per second.

     pcvt_keyrepeat
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set to	"YES" to enable	auto-
		 matic keyboard	key repeating.

     pcvt_force24
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set to	"YES" to force pcvt(4)
		 to use	24 lines only (in 25 lines mode) for compatibility
		 with the original VT220 terminal.

     pcvt_hpext	 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set to	"YES" to enable	the
		 display and funtionality of function key labels (as found on
		 Hewlett-Packard terminals such	as the HP2392A and the
		 HP700/92 in ANSI mode).

     pcvt_lines	 (int) Set to "NO" by default resulting	in a value of 25.
		 Used to set the number	of lines on the	screen.	 For VGA dis-
		 plays,	valid values are 25, 28, 40 and	50 lines.  (See	also
		 the scon(1) manual page.)

     pcvt_blanktime
		 (int) Set to "NO" by default.	Used to	set the	screen saver
		 timeout in seconds for	values greater than zero.

     pcvt_cursorh
		 (int) Set to "NO" by default.	Used to	set the	cursor top
		 scanline.  (See also the cursor(1) manual page.)

     pcvt_cursorl
		 (int) Set to "NO" by default.	Used to	set the	cursor bottom
		 scanline.

     pcvt_monohigh
		 (bool)	Set to "NO" by default.	 Set to	"YES" to set intensity
		 to high on monochrome monitors.  (See also the	scon(1)	manual
		 page, option -p, for more information on changing VGA palette
		 values.)

FILES
     /etc/defaults/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf.local

SEE ALSO
     catman(1),	gdb(1),	info(1), makewhatis(1),	vidcontrol(1), tcp(4), udp(4),
     exports(5), motd(5), accton(8), amd(8), apm(8), atm(8), cron(8),
     dhclient(8), gated(8), ifconfig(8), inetd(8), isdnd(8), isdntrace(8),
     lpd(8), mdconfig(8), moused(8), mrouted(8), named(8), nfsd(8), ntpd(8),
     ntpdate(8), pcnfsd(8), quotacheck(8), quotaon(8), rc(8), rc.sendmail(8),
     route(8), routed(8), rpc.lockd(8),	rpc.statd(8), rpcbind(8), rwhod(8),
     savecore(8), sshd(8), swapon(8), sysctl(8), syslogd(8), timed(8),
     vinum(8), xtend(8), yp(8),	ypbind(8), ypserv(8), ypset(8)

HISTORY
     The rc.conf file appeared in FreeBSD 2.2.2.

AUTHORS
     Jordan K. Hubbard.

BSD				 March 3, 2002				   BSD

NAME | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS

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