Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages

  
 
  

home | help
RC.CONF(5)		    BSD	File Formats Manual		    RC.CONF(5)

NAME
     rc.conf --	system configuration information

DESCRIPTION
     The file rc.conf contains descriptive information about the local host
     name, configuration details for any potential network interfaces and
     which services should be started up at system initial boot	time.  In new
     installations, the	rc.conf	file is	generally initialized by the system
     installation utility: /stand/sysinstall.

     The purpose of rc.conf is not to run commands or perform system startup
     actions directly.	Instead, it is included	by the various generic startup
     scripts in	/etc which conditionalize their	internal actions according to
     the settings found	there.

     The /etc/rc.conf file is included from the	file /etc/defaults/rc.conf,
     which specifies the default settings for all the available	options.  Op-
     tions need	only be	specified in /etc/rc.conf when the system administra-
     tor wishes	to override these defaults.  The file /etc/rc.conf.local is
     used to override settings in /etc/rc.conf for historical reasons.	See
     the "rc_conf_files" option	below.

     The following list	provides a name	and short description for each vari-
     able that can be set in the rc.conf file:

     swapfile	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then no	swapfile is installed, other-
		   wise	the value is used as the full pathname to a file to
		   use for additional swap space.

     apm_enable	   (bool) If set to "YES", enable support for Automatic	Power
		   Management with the apm(8) command.

     apmd_enable   (bool) Run apmd(8) to handle	APM event from userland.  This
		   also	enable support for APM.

     apmd_flags	   (str) If apmd_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to the apmd(8) daemon.

     pccard_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", enable PCCARD support at boot time.

     pccard_mem	   (str) Set to	PCCARD controller memory address or "DEFAULT"
		   for the default value.

     pccard_ifconfig
		   (str) List of arguments to be passed	to ifconfig(8) at boot
		   time	or on insertion	of the card (e.g. "inet	192.168.1.1
		   netmask 255.255.255.0" for a	fixed address or "DHCP"	for a
		   DHCP	client).

     pccard_beep   (int) If 0, set the PCCARD controller to silent mode.  If
		   1, set it to	beep mode.  If 2, set it to melody mode.

     pccard_conf   (str) Path to the configuration file	for the	pccardd(8)
		   daemon.

     pccardd_flags
		   (str) If pccard_enable is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to the pccardd(8) daemon.

     pccard_ether_delay
		   (str) Set the delay before starting dhclient(8) in
		   pccard_ether(8) script.  This defaults to 5 seconds to work
		   around a bug	in the ed(4) driver which can lead to system
		   hangs when using some newer ed(4) based cards.

     local_startup
		   (str) List of directories to	search for startup script
		   files.

     script_name_sep
		   (str) The field separator to	use for	breaking down the list
		   of startup script files into	individual filenames.  The de-
		   fault is a space.  It is not	necessary to change this un-
		   less	there are startup scripts with names containing	spa-
		   ces.

     hostname	   (str) The Fully Qualified Domain Name of this host on the
		   network.  This should almost	certainly be set to something
		   meaningful, even if there is	no network connection.	If
		   dhclient(8) is used to set the hostname via DHCP, this
		   variable should be set to an	empty string.

     nisdomainname
		   (str) The NIS domain	name of	this host, or "NO" if NIS is
		   not used.

     dhcp_program  (str) Path to the DHCP client program (/sbin/dhclient, the
		   ISC DHCP client, is the default).

     dhcp_flags	   (str) Additional flags to pass to the DHCP client program.
		   For the ISC DHCP client, see	the dhclient(8)	page for a de-
		   scription of	the command line options available.

     firewall_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to load firewall	rules at startup.  If
		   the kernel was not built with IPFIREWALL, the ipfw kernel
		   module will be loaded.  See also ipfilter_enable.

     firewall_script
		   (str) This variable specifies the full path to the firewall
		   script to run.  The default is /etc/rc.firewall.

     firewall_type
		   (str) Names the firewall type from the selection in
		   /etc/rc.firewall, or	the file which contains	the local
		   firewall ruleset.  Valid selections from /etc/rc.firewall,
		   are "open" -	unrestricted IP	access;	"closed" - all IP ser-
		   vices disabled, except via lo0; "client" - basic protection
		   for a workstation; "simple" - basic protection for a	LAN.
		   If a	filename is specified, the full	path must be given.

     firewall_quiet
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to disable the display of ipfw rules on
		   the console during boot.

     firewall_logging
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to enable ipfw event logging.  This is
		   equivalent to the IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE	kernel option.

     firewall_flags
		   (str) Flags passed to ipfw(8) if firewall_type specifies a
		   filename.

     natd_program  (str) Path to natd(8).

     natd_enable   (bool) Set to "YES" to enable natd.	firewall_enable	must
		   also	be set to "YES", and divert(4) sockets must be enabled
		   in the kernel.

     natd_interface
		   (str) This is the name of the public	interface on which
		   natd	should run.  The interface may be given	as an inter-
		   face	name or	as an IP address.

     natd_flags	   (str) Additional natd flags should be placed	here.  The -n
		   or -a flag is automatically added with the above
		   natd_interface as an	argument.

     ipfilter_enable
		   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Setting this	to "YES" en-
		   ables ipf(8)	packet filtering.

		   Typical usage will require putting

		   ipfilter_enable="YES"
		   ipnat_enable="YES"
		   ipmon_enable="YES"
		   ipfs_enable="YES"

		   into	/etc/rc.conf and editing /etc/ipf.rules	and
		   /etc/ipnat.rules appropriately.

		   Note	that ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable can be enabled
		   independently.  ipmon_enable	and ipfs_enable	both require
		   at least one	of ipfilter_enable and ipnat_enable to be en-
		   abled.

		   Having

		   options  IPFILTER
		   options  IPFILTER_LOG
		   options  IPFILTER_DEFAULT_BLOCK

		   in the kernel configuration file is a good idea, too.

     ipfilter_program
		   (str) Path to ipf(8)	(default /sbin/ipf).

     ipfilter_rules
		   (str) Set to	"/etc/ipf.rules" by default.  This variable
		   contains the	name of	the filter rule	definition file.  The
		   file	is expected to be readable for the ipf(8) command to
		   execute.

     ipfilter_flags
		   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipf(8)	program.

     ipnat_enable  (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Set it to "YES" to enable
		   ipnat(1) network address translation.  See ipfilter_enable
		   for a detailed discussion.

     ipnat_program
		   (str) Path to ipnat(1) (default /sbin/ipnat).

     ipnat_rules   (str) Set to	"/etc/ipnat.rules" by default.	This variable
		   contains the	name of	the file holding the network address
		   translation definition.  This file is expected to be	read-
		   able	for the	ipnat(1) command to execute.

     ipnat_flags   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipnat(1) program.

     ipmon_enable  (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Set it to "YES" to enable
		   ipmon(8) monitoring (logging	ipf(8) and ipnat(1) events).
		   Setting this	variable needs setting ipfilter_enable or
		   ipnat_enable	too.  See ipfilter_enable for a	detailed dis-
		   cussion.

     ipmon_program
		   (str) Path to ipmon(8) (default /sbin/ipmon).

     ipmon_flags   (str) Set to	"-Ds" by default.  This	variable contains
		   flags passed	to the ipmon(8)	program.  Another typical ex-
		   ample would be "-D /var/log/ipflog" to have ipmon(8)	log
		   directly to a file bypassing	syslogd(8).  Make sure to ad-
		   just	/etc/newsyslog.conf in such case like this:

		   /var/log/ipflog  640	 10  100  *  Z	/var/run/ipmon.pid

     ipfs_enable   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Set it to "YES" to enable
		   ipfs(8) saving the filter and NAT state tables during shut-
		   down	and reloading them during startup again.  Setting this
		   variable needs setting ipfilter_enable or ipnat_enable to
		   "YES" too.  See ipfilter_enable for a detailed discussion.
		   Note	that if	kern_securelevel is set	to 3, ipfs_enable can-
		   not be used because the raised securelevel will prevent
		   ipfs(8) from	saving the state tables	at shutdown time.

     ipfs_program  (str) Path to ipfs(8) (default /sbin/ipfs).

     ipfs_flags	   (str) Empty by default.  This variable contains flags
		   passed to the ipfs(8) program.

     tcp_extensions
		   (bool) Set to "YES" by default.  Setting this to NO dis-
		   ables certain TCP options as	described by RFC 1323.	Set-
		   ting	this to	"NO" might help	remedy such problems with con-
		   nections as randomly	hanging	or other weird behavior.  Some
		   network devices are known to	be broken with respect to
		   these options.

     log_in_vain   (int) Set to	0 by default.  The sysctl(8) variables,
		   net.inet.tcp.log_in_vain and	net.inet.udp.log_in_vain as
		   described in	tcp(4) and udp(4), are set to the given	value.

     tcp_keepalive
		   (bool) Set to "YES" by default.  Setting to NO will disable
		   probing idle	TCP connections	to verify that the peer	is
		   still up and	reachable.

     tcp_drop_synfin
		   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Setting to YES will cause
		   the kernel to ignore	TCP frames that	have both the SYN and
		   FIN flags set.  This	prevents OS fingerprinting, but	may
		   break some legitimate applications.	This option is only
		   available if	the kernel was built with the TCP_DROP_SYNFIN
		   option.

     icmp_drop_redirect
		   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Setting to YES will cause
		   the kernel to ignore	ICMP REDIRECT packets.

     icmp_log_redirect
		   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  Setting to YES will cause
		   the kernel to log ICMP REDIRECT packets.  Note that the log
		   messages are	not rate-limited, so this option should	only
		   be used for troubleshooting networks.

     network_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of network interfaces to configure on
		   this	host.  For example, if the only	network	devices	in the
		   system are the loopback device (lo0)	and a NIC using	the
		   ed0 driver, this could be set to "lo0 ed0" An
		   ifconfig_<interface>	variable is also assumed to exist for
		   each	value of interface.  It	is also	possible to add	IP
		   alias entires here in cases where multiple IP addresses
		   registered against a	single interface are desired.  Assum-
		   ing that the	interface in question was ed0, it might	look
		   something like this:

		   ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		   And so on.  For each	ifconfig_<interface>_alias<n> entry
		   that	is found, its contents are passed to ifconfig(8).  Ex-
		   ecution stops at the	first unsuccessful access, so if some-
		   thing like this is present:

		   ifconfig_ed0_alias0="inet 127.0.0.251 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias1="inet 127.0.0.252 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias2="inet 127.0.0.253 netmask 0xffffffff"
		   ifconfig_ed0_alias4="inet 127.0.0.254 netmask 0xffffffff"

		   Then	note that alias4 would not be added since the search
		   would stop with the missing alias3 entry.

		   It is possible to bring up an interface with	DHCP by	set-
		   ting	the ifconfig_<interface> variable to "DHCP".  For in-
		   stance, to initialize the ed0 device	via DHCP, it is	possi-
		   ble to use something	like:

		   ifconfig_ed0="DHCP"

     cloned_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of clonable network interfaces	to
		   create on this host.	 Entries in cloned_interfaces are au-
		   tomatically appended	to network_interfaces for configura-
		   tion.

     gif_interfaces
		   (str) Set to	the list of gif(4) tunnel interfaces to	con-
		   figure on this host.	 A gifconfig_<interface> variable is
		   assumed to exist for	each value of interface.  The value of
		   this	variable is used to configure the link layer of	the
		   tunnel according to the syntax of the tunnel	option to
		   ifconfig(8).	 Additionaly, this option ensures that each
		   listed interface is created via the create option to
		   ifconfig(8) before attempting to configure it.

     ppp_enable	   (bool) If set to "YES", run the ppp(8) daemon.

     ppp_mode	   (str) Mode in which to run the ppp(8) daemon.  Accepted
		   modes are "auto", "ddial", "direct" and "dedicated".	 See
		   the manual for a full description.

     ppp_nat	   (bool) If set to "YES", enables packet aliasing.  Used in
		   conjunction with gateway_enable allows hosts	on private
		   network addresses access to the Internet using this host as
		   a network address translating router.

     ppp_profile   (str) The name of the profile to use	from
		   /etc/ppp/ppp.conf.

     ppp_user	   (str) The name of the user under which ppp should be
		   started.  By	default, ppp is	started	as "root".

     ike_enable	   (bool) If set to "YES", run an Internet Key Exchange	(IKE)
		   daemon of some sort,	based on the settings of ike_program
		   and ike_flags.

     ike_program   (str) If ike_enable is set to "YES",	this is	the name of
		   the IKE daemon to use.  The default is
		   /usr/local/sbin/isakmpd.

     ike_flags	   (str) If ike_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		   pass	to the IKE daemon.

     ipsec_enable  (bool) Set to "YES" to run setkey(8)	on ipsec_file at boot
		   time.

     ipsec_file	   (str) Configuration file for	setkey(8).

     rc_conf_files
		   (str) This option is	used to	specify	a list of files	that
		   will	override the settings in /etc/defaults/rc.conf.	 The
		   files will be read in the order in which they are specified
		   and should include the full path to the file.  By default,
		   the files specified are /etc/rc.conf	and /etc/rc.conf.local

     fsck_y_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", fsck(8) will	be run with the	-y
		   flag	if the initial preen of	the filesystems	fails.

     syslogd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", run the syslogd(8) daemon.

     syslogd_program
		   (str) Path to syslogd(8) (default /usr/sbin/syslogd).

     syslogd_flags
		   (str) If syslogd_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to syslogd(8).

     inetd_enable  (bool) If set to "YES", run the inetd(8) daemon.

     inetd_program
		   (str) Path to inetd(8) (default /usr/sbin/inetd).

     inetd_flags   (str) If inetd_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to inetd(8).

     named_enable  (bool) If set to "YES", run the named(8) daemon.

     named_program
		   (str) Path to named(8) (default /usr/sbin/named).

     named_flags   (str) If named_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to named(8).

     kerberos_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	a Kerberos IV authentication
		   server at boot time.

     kadmind_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	kadmind(8), the	Kerberos IV
		   Administration Daemon; set to "NO" on a slave server.

     kerberos_stash
		   (str) If "YES", instruct the	Kerberos servers to use	the
		   stashed master key instead of prompting for it (only	if
		   kerberos_server_enable is set to "YES", and is used for
		   both	kerberos(1) and	kadmind(8)).

     kerberos5_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	a Kerberos 5 authentication
		   server at boot time.

     kadmind5_server_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	k5admind(8), the Kerberos 5
		   Administration Daemon; set to "NO" on a slave server.

     rwhod_enable  (bool) If set to "YES", run the rwhod(8) daemon at boot
		   time.

     rwhod_flags   (str) If rwhod_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to it.

     amd_enable	   (bool) If set to "YES", run the amd(8) daemon at boot time.

     amd_flags	   (str) If amd_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		   pass	to it.	See the	amd(8) info(1) page for	more informa-
		   tion.

     amd_map_program
		   (str) If set, the specified program is run to get the list
		   of amd(8) maps.  For	example, if the	amd(8) maps are	stored
		   in NIS, one can set this to run ypcat(1) to get a list of
		   amd(8) maps from the	amd.master NIS map.

     update_motd   (bool) If set to "YES", /etc/motd will be updated at	boot
		   time	to reflect the kernel release being run.  If set to
		   "NO", /etc/motd will	not be updated

     nfs_client_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", run the NFS client daemons at boot
		   time.

     nfs_client_flags
		   (str) If nfs_client_enable is set to	"YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	nfsiod(8) daemon.

     nfs_access_cache
		   (int) If nfs_client_enable is set to	"YES", this can	be set
		   to "0" to disable NFS ACCESS	RPC caching, or	to the number
		   of seconds for which	NFS ACCESS results should be cached.
		   A value of 2-10 seconds will	substantially reduce network
		   traffic for many NFS	operations.

     nfs_server_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", run the NFS server daemons at boot
		   time.

     nfs_server_flags
		   (str) If nfs_server_enable is set to	"YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	nfsd(8)	daemon.

     single_mountd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", and no nfs_server_enable is set,
		   start mountd(8), but	not nfsd(8) daemon.  It	is commonly
		   needed to run CFS without real NFS used.

     mountd_flags  (str) If mountd_enable is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to the ,Xr mountd 8 daemon.

     weak_mountd_authentication
		   (bool) If set to "YES", allow services like PCNFSD to make
		   non-privileged mount	requests.

     nfs_reserved_port_only
		   (bool) If set to "YES", provide NFS services	only on	a se-
		   cure	port.

     nfs_bufpackets
		   (int) If set	to a number, indicates the number of packets
		   worth of socket buffer space	to reserve on an NFS client.
		   The kernel default is typically 4.  Using a higher number
		   may be useful on gigabit networks to	improve	performance.
		   The minimum value is	2 and the maximum is 64.

     rpc_lockd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" and also an NFS server, run
		   rpc.lockd(8)	at boot	time.

     rpc_statd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" and also an NFS server, run
		   rpc.statd(8)	at boot	time.

     portmap_program
		   (str) Path to portmap(8) (default /usr/sbin/portmap).

     portmap_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", run the portmap(8) service at boot
		   time.

     portmap_flags
		   (str) If portmap_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	portmap(8) daemon.

     xtend_enable  (bool) If set to "YES" then run the xtend(8)	daemon at boot
		   time.

     xtend_flags   (str) If xtend_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to the xtend(8) daemon.

     pppoed_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the pppoed(8) daemon	at
		   boot	time to	provide	PPP over Ethernet services.

     pppoed_provider
		   (str) pppoed(8) listens to requests to this provider	and
		   ultimately runs ppp(8) with a system	argument of the	same
		   name.

     pppoed_flags  (str) Additional flags to pass to pppoed(8).

     pppoed_interface
		   (str) The network interface to run pppoed on.  This is
		   mandatory when pppoed_enable	is set to "YES".

     timed_enable  (boot) If "YES" then	run the	timed(8) service at boot time.
		   This	command	is intended for	networks of machines where a
		   consistent "network time" for all hosts must	be estab-
		   lished.  This is often useful in large NFS environments
		   where time stamps on	files are expected to be consistent
		   network-wide.

     timed_flags   (str) If timed_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to the timed(8) service.

     ntpdate_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", run ntpdate at system startup.
		   This	command	is intended to synchronize the system clock
		   only	once from some standard	reference.  An option to set
		   this	up initially (from a list of known servers) is also
		   provided by the /stand/sysinstall program when the system
		   is first installed.

     ntpdate_program
		   (str) Path to ntpdate(8) (default /usr/sbin/ntpdate).

     ntpdate_flags
		   (str) If ntpdate_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ntpdate(8) command (typically a	host-
		   name).

     xntpd_enable  (bool) If set to "YES" then run the ntpd(8) command at boot
		   time.

     xntpd_program
		   (str) Path to ntpd(8) (default /usr/sbin/ntpd).

     xntpd_flags   (str) If xntpd_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to the ntpd(8) daemon.

     nis_client_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the ypbind(8) service at
		   system boot time.

     nis_client_flags
		   (str) If nis_client_enable is set to	"YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ypbind(8) service.

     nis_ypset_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the ypset(8)	daemon at sys-
		   tem boot time.

     nis_ypset_flags
		   (str) If nis_ypset_enable is	set to "YES", these are	the
		   flags to pass to the	ypset(8) daemon.

     nis_server_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the ypserv(8) daemon	at
		   system boot time.

     nis_server_flags
		   (str) If nis_server_enable is set to	"YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	ypserv(8) daemon.

     nis_ypxfrd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     nis_ypxfrd_flags
		   (str) If nis_ypxfrd_enable is set to	"YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	rpc.ypxfrd(8) daemon.

     nis_yppasswdd_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the rpc.yppasswdd(8)	daemon
		   at system boot time.

     nis_yppasswdd_flags
		   (str) If nis_yppasswdd_enable is set	to "YES", these	are
		   the flags to	pass to	the rpc.yppasswdd(8) daemon.

     defaultrouter
		   (str) If not	set to "NO" then create	a default route	to
		   this	host name or IP	address	(use an	IP address if this
		   router is also required to get to the name server!).

     static_routes
		   (str) Set to	the list of static routes that are to be added
		   at system boot time.	 If not	set to "NO" then for each
		   whitespace separated	element	in the value, a
		   route_<element> variable is assumed to exist	whose contents
		   will	later be passed	to a "route add" operation.

     gateway_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES", then	configure host to at as	an IP
		   router, e.g.	to forward packets between interfaces.

     router_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run a routing daemon of some
		   sort, based on the settings of router and router_flags.

     router	   (str) If router_enable is set to "YES", this	is the name of
		   the routing daemon to use.

     router_flags  (str) If router_enable is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to the routing daemon.

     mrouted_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the multicast routing dae-
		   mon,	mrouted(8).

     mrouted_flags
		   (str) If mrouted_enable is set to "YES", these are the
		   flags to pass to the	multicast routing daemon.

     ipxgateway_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then enable the routing of IPX traf-
		   fic.

     ipxrouted_enable
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the IPXrouted(8) daemon at
		   system boot time.

     ipxrouted_flags
		   (str) If ipxrouted_enable is	set to "YES", these are	the
		   flags to pass to the	IPXrouted(8) daemon.

     arpproxy_all  (bool) If set to "YES" then enable global proxy ARP.

     forward_sourceroute
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then when gateway_enable is also set
		   to "YES", source routed packets are forwarded.

     accept_sourceroute
		   (bool) If set to "YES" then the system will accept source
		   routed packets directed at it.

     rarpd_enable  (bool) If set to "YES" then run the rarpd(8)	daemon at sys-
		   tem boot time.

     rarpd_flags   (str) If rarpd_enable is set	to "YES", these	are the	flags
		   to pass to the rarpd(8) daemon.

     atm_enable	   (bool) Set to "YES" to enable the configuration of ATM in-
		   terfaces at system boot time.  For all of the ATM variables
		   described below, please refer to the	atm(8) man page	for
		   further details on the available command parameters.	 Also
		   refer to the	files in /usr/share/examples/atm for more de-
		   tailed configuration	information.

     atm_netif__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the name prefix and count for the ATM network in-
		   terfaces to be created.  The	value will be passed as	the
		   parameters of an "atm set netif _intf_" command.

     atm_sigmgr__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the ATM signalling manager to be used.  The value
		   will	be passed as the parameters of an "atm attach _intf_"
		   command.

     atm_prefix__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the NSAP prefix for interfaces using	a UNI sig-
		   nalling manager.  If	set to ILMI, then the prefix will au-
		   tomatically be set via the ilmid(8) daemon.	Otherwise, the
		   value will be passed	as the parameters of an	"atm set
		   prefix _intf_" command.

     atm_macaddr__intf_
		   (str) For the ATM physical interface	_intf_,	this variable
		   defines the MAC address for interfaces using	a UNI sig-
		   nalling manager.  If	set to "NO", then the hardware MAC ad-
		   dress contained in the ATM interface	card will be used.
		   Otherwise, the value	will be	passed as the parameters of an
		   "atm	set mac	_intf_"	command.

     atm_arpserver__netif_
		   (str) For the ATM network interface _netif_,	this variable
		   defines the ATM address for a host which is to provide AT-
		   MARP	service.  This variable	is only	applicable to inter-
		   faces using a UNI signalling	manager.  If set to local,
		   then	this host will become an ATMARP	server.	 The value
		   will	be passed as the parameters of an "atm set arpserver
		   _netif_" command.

     atm_scsparp__netif_
		   (bool) If set to "YES", then	SCSP/ATMARP service for	the
		   network interface _netif_ will be initiated using the
		   scspd(8) and	atmarpd(8) daemons.  This variable is only ap-
		   plicable if `atm_arpserver_<netif> ="local"'	is defined.

     atm_pvcs	   (str) Set to	the list of ATM	PVCs to	be added at system
		   boot	time.  For each	whitespace separated element in	the
		   value, an atm_pvc_<element> variable	is assumed to exist.
		   The value of	each of	these variables	will be	passed as the
		   parameters of an "atm add pvc" command.

     atm_arps	   (str) Set to	the list of permanent ATM ARP entries to be
		   added at system boot	time.  For each	whitespace separated
		   element in the value, an atm_arp_<element> variable is as-
		   sumed to exist.  The	value of each of these variables will
		   be passed as	the parameters of an "atm add arp" command.

     keymap	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then no	keymap is installed, otherwise
		   the value is	used to	install	the keymap file	in
		   /usr/share/syscons/keymaps/_value_.kbd

     keyrate	   (str) The keyboard repeat speed.  Set to "slow", "normal",
		   "fast" or "NO" if the default behavior is desired.

     keychange	   (str) If not	set to "NO", attempt to	program	the function
		   keys	with the value.	 The value should be a single string
		   of the form:	"_funkey_number_ _new_value_ [_funkey_number_
		   _new_value_]..."

     cursor	   (str) Can be	set to the value of "normal", "blink",
		   "destructive" or "NO" to set	the cursor behavior explicitly
		   or choose the default behavior.

     scrnmap	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then no	screen map is installed, oth-
		   erwise the value is used to install the screen map file in
		   /usr/share/syscons/scrnmaps/_value_.

     font8x16	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then the default 8x16 font value is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     font8x14	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then the default 8x14 font value is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     font8x8	   (str) If set	to "NO"	then the default 8x8 font value	is
		   used	for screen size	requests, otherwise the	value in
		   /usr/share/syscons/fonts/_value_ is used.

     blanktime	   (int) If set	to "NO"	then the default screen	blanking in-
		   terval is used, otherwise it	is set to value	seconds.

     saver	   (str) If not	set to "NO", this is the actual	screen saver
		   to use (blank, snake, daemon, etc).

     moused_enable
		   (str) If set	to "YES", the moused(8)	daemon is started for
		   doing cut/paste selection on	the console.

     moused_type   (str) This is the protocol type of the mouse	connected to
		   this	host.  This variable must be set if moused_enable is
		   set to "YES".  The moused(8)	daemon is able to detect the
		   appropriate mouse type automatically	in many	cases.	Set
		   this	variable to "auto" to let the daemon detect it,	or se-
		   lect	one from the following list if the automatic detection
		   fails.

		   If the mouse	is attached to the PS/2	mouse port, choose
		   "auto" or "ps/2", regardless	of the brand and model of the
		   mouse.  Likewise, if	the mouse is attached to the bus mouse
		   port, choose	"auto" or "busmouse".  All other protocols are
		   for serial mice and will not	work with the PS/2 and bus
		   mice.  If this is a USB mouse, "auto" is the	only protocol
		   type	which will work.

		   microsoft	    Microsoft mouse (serial)
		   intellimouse	    Microsoft IntelliMouse (serial)
		   mousesystems	    Mouse systems Corp mouse (serial)
		   mmseries	    MM Series mouse (serial)
		   logitech	    Logitech mouse (serial)
		   busmouse	    A bus mouse
		   mouseman	    Logitech MouseMan and TrackMan (serial)
		   glidepoint	    ALPS GlidePoint (serial)
		   thinkingmouse    Kensington ThinkingMouse (serial)
		   ps/2		    PS/2 mouse
		   mmhittab	    MM HitTablet (serial)
		   x10mouseremote   X10	MouseRemote (serial)
		   versapad	    Interlink VersaPad (serial)

		   Even	if the mouse is	not in the above list, it may be com-
		   patible with	one in the list.  Refer	to the man page	for
		   moused(8) for compatibility information.

		   It should also be noted that	while this is enabled, any
		   other client	of the mouse (such as an X server) should ac-
		   cess	the mouse through the virtual mouse device:
		   /dev/sysmouse and configure it as a sysmouse	type mouse,
		   since all mouse data	is converted to	this single canonical
		   format when using moused(8).	 If the	client program does
		   not support the sysmouse type, specify the mousesystems
		   type.  It is	the second preferred type.

     moused_port   (str) If moused_enable is set to "YES", this	is the actual
		   port	the mouse is on.  It might be /dev/cuaa0 for a COM1
		   serial mouse, /dev/psm0 for a PS/2 mouse or /dev/mse0 for a
		   bus mouse, for example.

     moused_flags  (str) If moused_type	is set,	these are the additional flags
		   to pass to the moused(8) daemon.

     allscreens_flags
		   (str) If set, vidcontrol(1) is run with these options for
		   each	of the virtual terminals (/dev/ttyv*).	For example,
		   "-m on" will	enable the mouse pointer on all	virtual	termi-
		   nals	if moused_enable is set	to "YES".

     cron_enable   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the cron(8) daemon at sys-
		   tem boot time.

     cron_program  (str) Path to cron(8) (default /usr/sbin/cron).

     cron_flags	   (str) If cron_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to cron(8).

     lpd_program   (str) Path to lpd(8)	(default /usr/sbin/lpd).

     lpd_enable	   (bool) If set to "YES" then run the lpd(8) daemon at	system
		   boot	time.

     lpd_flags	   (str) If lpd_enable is set to "YES",	these are the flags to
		   pass	to the lpd(8) daemon.

     mta_start_script
		   (str) This variable specifies the full path to the script
		   to run to start a mail transfer agent.  The default is
		   /etc/rc.sendmail.  The sendmail_* variables which
		   /etc/rc.sendmail uses are documented	in the rc.sendmail(8)
		   man page.

     dumpdev	   (str) Indicates the device (usually a swap partition) to
		   which a crash dump should be	written	in the event of	a sys-
		   tem crash.  The value of this variable is passed as the ar-
		   gument to dumpon(8).	 To disable crash dumps, set this
		   variable to "NO".

     dumpdir	   (str) When the system reboots after a crash and a crash
		   dump	is found on the	device specified by the	dumpdev	vari-
		   able, savecore(8) will save that crash dump and a copy of
		   the kernel to the directory specified by the	dumpdir	vari-
		   able.  The default value is "/var/crash".  Set to "NO" to
		   not run savecore(8) at boot time when dumpdir is set.

     savecore_flags
		   (str) If crash dumps	are enabled, these are the flags to
		   pass	to the savecore(8) utility.

     enable_quotas
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to turn on user disk quotas on system
		   startup via the quotaon(8) command.

     check_quotas  (bool) Set to "YES" to enable user disk quota checking via
		   the quotacheck(8) command.

     accounting_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to enable system	accounting through the
		   accton(8) facility.

     ibcs2_enable  (bool) Set to "YES" to enable iBCS2 (SCO) binary emulation
		   at system initial boot time.

     ibcs2_loaders
		   (str) If not	set to "NO" and	if ibcs2_enable	is set to
		   "YES", this specifies a list	of additional iBCS2 loaders to
		   enable.

     linux_enable  (bool) Set to "YES" to enable Linux/ELF binary emulation at
		   system initial boot time.

     osf1_enable   (bool) Set to "YES" to enable OSF/1 (Digital	UNIX) binary
		   emulation at	system initial boot time.  (alpha)

     rand_irqs	   (str) Set to	the list of IRQs to monitor for	random number
		   creation (see the man page for rndcontrol(8)).

     clear_tmp_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to have /tmp cleaned at startup.

     ldconfig_paths
		   (str) Set to	the list of shared library paths to use	with
		   ldconfig(8).	 NOTE: /usr/lib	will always be added first, so
		   it need not appear in this list.

     ldconfig_insecure
		   (bool) The ldconfig(8) utility normally refuses to use di-
		   rectories which are writable	by anyone except root.	Set
		   this	variable to "YES" to disable that security check dur-
		   ing system startup.

     kern_securelevel_enable
		   (bool) Set to "YES" to set the kernel security level	at
		   system startup.

     kern_securelevel
		   (int) The kernel security level to set at startup.  The al-
		   lowed range of value	ranges from -1 (the compile time de-
		   fault) to 3 (the most secure).  See init(8) for the list of
		   possible security levels and	their effect on	system opera-
		   tion.

     start_vinum   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	vinum(8) at system boot	time.

     sshd_program  (str) Path to the SSH server	program	(/usr/sbin/sshd	is the
		   default).

     sshd_enable   (bool) Set to "YES" to start	sshd(8)	at system boot time.

     sshd_flags	   (str) If sshd_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   to pass to the sshd(8) daemon.

     usbd_enable   (bool) If set to "YES", run the usbd(8) daemon at boot
		   time.

     usbd_flags	   (str) If usbd_enable	is set to "YES", these are the flags
		   passed to the usbd(8) daemon.

     unaligned_print
		   (bool) If set to "NO" then unaligned	access warnings	will
		   not be printed.  (alpha)

     isdn_enable   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  When	set to "YES", starts
		   the isdn daemon /usr/sbin/isdnd at system boot time.

     isdn_flags	   (str) Set to	"-dn -d0x1f9" by default.  Additional flags to
		   pass	to isdnd(8) (but see isdn_fsdev	and isdn_ttype for
		   certain tunable parameters).

     isdn_ttype	   (str) Set to	"cons25" by default.  The terminal type	of the
		   output device when isdnd(8) operates	in fullscreen mode.

     isdn_screenflags
		   (str) Set to	"NO" by	default.  The video mode for
		   fullscreen mode (only for syscons(4)	console	driver,	see
		   vidcontrol(1) for valid modes).

     isdn_fsdev	   (str) Set to	"/dev/ttyv4" by	default.  The output device
		   for isdnd(8)	in fullscreen mode (or "NO" for	daemon mode).

     isdn_trace	   (bool) Set to "NO" by default.  When	set to "YES", enables
		   the ISDN protocol trace utility /usr/sbin/isdntrace at sys-
		   tem boot time.

     isdn_traceflags
		   (str) Set to	"-f /var/tmp/isdntrace0" by default.  Flags
		   for /usr/sbin/isdntrace.

FILES
     /etc/defaults/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf
     /etc/rc.conf.local

SEE ALSO
     catman(1),	gdb(1),	info(1), makewhatis(1),	vidcontrol(1), tcp(4), udp(4),
     exports(5), motd(5), accton(8), amd(8), apm(8), atm(8), cron(8),
     dhclient(8), gated(8), ifconfig(8), inetd(8), isdnd(8), isdntrace(8),
     lpd(8), mountd(8),	moused(8), mrouted(8), named(8), nfsd(8), nfsiod(8),
     ntpd(8), ntpdate(8), pcnfsd(8), portmap(8), quotacheck(8),	quotaon(8),
     rc(8), rc.sendmail(8), rndcontrol(8), route(8), routed(8),	rpc.lockd(8),
     rpc.statd(8), rpcbind(8), rwhod(8), savecore(8), setkey(8), sshd(8),
     swapon(8),	sysctl(8), syslogd(8), timed(8), vinum(8), vnconfig(8),
     xtend(8), yp(8), ypbind(8), ypserv(8), ypset(8)

HISTORY
     The rc.conf file appeared in FreeBSD 2.2.2.

AUTHORS
     Jordan K. Hubbard.

BSD				 March 3, 2002				   BSD

NAME | DESCRIPTION | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=rc.conf&sektion=5&manpath=FreeBSD+4.11-RELEASE>

home | help