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PT-SLAVE-RESTART(1)   User Contributed Perl Documentation  PT-SLAVE-RESTART(1)

NAME
       pt-slave-restart	- Watch	and restart MySQL replication after errors.

SYNOPSIS
       Usage: pt-slave-restart [OPTIONS] [DSN]

       pt-slave-restart	watches	one or more MySQL replication slaves for
       errors, and tries to restart replication	if it stops.

RISKS
       Percona Toolkit is mature, proven in the	real world, and	well tested,
       but all database	tools can pose a risk to the system and	the database
       server.	Before using this tool,	please:

       o   Read	the tool's documentation

       o   Review the tool's known "BUGS"

       o   Test	the tool on a non-production server

       o   Backup your production server and verify the	backups

DESCRIPTION
       pt-slave-restart	watches	one or more MySQL replication slaves and tries
       to skip statements that cause errors.  It polls slaves intelligently
       with an exponentially varying sleep time.  You can specify errors to
       skip and	run the	slaves until a certain binlog position.

       Although	this tool can help a slave advance past	errors,	you should not
       rely on it to "fix" replication.	 If slave errors occur frequently or
       unexpectedly, you should	identify and fix the root cause.

OUTPUT
       pt-slave-restart	prints a line every time it sees the slave has an
       error.  By default this line is:	a timestamp, connection	information,
       relay_log_file, relay_log_pos, and last_errno.  You can add more
       information using the "--verbose" option.  You can suppress all output
       using the "--quiet" option.

SLEEP
       pt-slave-restart	sleeps intelligently between polling the slave.	 The
       current sleep time varies.

       o   The initial sleep time is given by "--sleep".

       o   If it checks	and finds an error, it halves the previous sleep time.

       o   If it finds no error, it doubles the	previous sleep time.

       o   The sleep time is bounded below by "--min-sleep" and	above by
	   "--max-sleep".

       o   Immediately after finding an	error, pt-slave-restart	assumes
	   another error is very likely	to happen next,	so it sleeps the
	   current sleep time or the initial sleep time, whichever is less.

GLOBAL TRANSACTION IDS
       As of Percona Toolkit 2.2.8, pt-slave-restart supports Global
       Transaction IDs introduced in MySQL 5.6.5.  It's	important to keep in
       mind that:

       o   pt-slave-restart will not skip transactions when multiple
	   replication threads are being used (slave_parallel_workers >	0).
	   pt-slave-restart does not know what the GTID	event is of the	failed
	   transaction of a specific slave thread.

       o   The default behavior	is to skip the next transaction	from the
	   slave's master.  Writes can originate on different servers, each
	   with	their own UUID.

	   See "--master-uuid".

EXIT STATUS
       An exit status of 0 (sometimes also called a return value or return
       code) indicates success.	 Any other value represents the	exit status of
       the Perl	process	itself,	or of the last forked process that exited if
       there were multiple servers to monitor.

COMPATIBILITY
       pt-slave-restart	should work on many versions of	MySQL.	Lettercase of
       many output columns from	SHOW SLAVE STATUS has changed over time, so it
       treats them all as lowercase.

OPTIONS
       This tool accepts additional command-line arguments.  Refer to the
       "SYNOPSIS" and usage information	for details.

       --always
	   Start slaves	even when there	is no error.  With this	option
	   enabled, pt-slave-restart will not let you stop the slave manually
	   if you want to!

       --ask-pass
	   Prompt for a	password when connecting to MySQL.

       --charset
	   short form: -A; type: string

	   Default character set.  If the value	is utf8, sets Perl's binmode
	   on STDOUT to	utf8, passes the mysql_enable_utf8 option to
	   DBD::mysql, and runs	SET NAMES UTF8 after connecting	to MySQL.  Any
	   other value sets binmode on STDOUT without the utf8 layer, and runs
	   SET NAMES after connecting to MySQL.

       --[no]check-relay-log
	   default: yes

	   Check the last relay	log file and position before checking for
	   slave errors.

	   By default pt-slave-restart will not	doing anything (it will	just
	   sleep) if neither the relay log file	nor the	relay log position
	   have	changed	since the last check.  This prevents infinite loops
	   (i.e. restarting the	same error in the same relay log file at the
	   same	relay log position).

	   For certain slave errors, however, this check needs to be disabled
	   by specifying "--no-check-relay-log".  Do not do this unless	you
	   know	what you are doing!

       --config
	   type: Array

	   Read	this comma-separated list of config files; if specified, this
	   must	be the first option on the command line.

       --daemonize
	   Fork	to the background and detach from the shell.  POSIX operating
	   systems only.

       --database
	   short form: -D; type: string

	   Database to use.

       --defaults-file
	   short form: -F; type: string

	   Only	read mysql options from	the given file.	 You must give an
	   absolute pathname.

       --error-length
	   type: int

	   Max length of error message to print.  When "--verbose" is set high
	   enough to print the error, this option will truncate	the error text
	   to the specified length.  This can be useful	to prevent wrapping on
	   the terminal.

       --error-numbers
	   type: hash

	   Only	restart	this comma-separated list of errors.  Makes pt-slave-
	   restart only	try to restart if the error number is in this comma-
	   separated list of errors.  If it sees an error not in the list, it
	   will	exit.

	   The error number is in the "last_errno" column of "SHOW SLAVE
	   STATUS".

       --error-text
	   type: string

	   Only	restart	errors that match this pattern.	 A Perl	regular
	   expression against which the	error text, if any, is matched.	 If
	   the error text exists and matches, pt-slave-restart will try	to
	   restart the slave.  If it exists but	doesn't	match, pt-slave-
	   restart will	exit.

	   The error text is in	the "last_error" column	of "SHOW SLAVE
	   STATUS".

       --help
	   Show	help and exit.

       --host
	   short form: -h; type: string

	   Connect to host.

       --log
	   type: string

	   Print all output to this file when daemonized.

       --max-sleep
	   type: float;	default: 64

	   Maximum sleep seconds.

	   The maximum time pt-slave-restart will sleep	before polling the
	   slave again.	 This is also the time that pt-slave-restart will wait
	   for all other running instances to quit if both "--stop" and
	   "--monitor" are specified.

	   See "SLEEP".

       --min-sleep
	   type: float;	default: 0.015625

	   The minimum time pt-slave-restart will sleep	before polling the
	   slave again.	 See "SLEEP".

       --monitor
	   Whether to monitor the slave	(default).  Unless you specify
	   --monitor explicitly, "--stop" will disable it.

       --password
	   short form: -p; type: string

	   Password to use when	connecting.  If	password contains commas they
	   must	be escaped with	a backslash: "exam\,ple"

       --pid
	   type: string

	   Create the given PID	file.  The tool	won't start if the PID file
	   already exists and the PID it contains is different than the
	   current PID.	 However, if the PID file exists and the PID it
	   contains is no longer running, the tool will	overwrite the PID file
	   with	the current PID.  The PID file is removed automatically	when
	   the tool exits.

       --port
	   short form: -P; type: int

	   Port	number to use for connection.

       --quiet
	   short form: -q

	   Suppresses normal output (disables "--verbose").

       --recurse
	   type: int; default: 0

	   Watch slaves	of the specified server, up to the specified number of
	   servers deep	in the hierarchy.  The default depth of	0 means	"just
	   watch the slave specified."

	   pt-slave-restart examines "SHOW PROCESSLIST"	and tries to determine
	   which connections are from slaves, then connect to them.  See
	   "--recursion-method".

	   Recursion works by finding all slaves when the program starts, then
	   watching them.  If there is more than one slave, "pt-slave-restart"
	   uses	"fork()" to monitor them.

	   This	also works if you have configured your slaves to show up in
	   "SHOW SLAVE HOSTS".	The minimal configuration for this is the
	   "report_host" parameter, but	there are other	"report" parameters as
	   well	for the	port, username,	and password.

       --recursion-method
	   type: array;	default: processlist,hosts

	   Preferred recursion method used to find slaves.

	   Possible methods are:

	     METHOD	  USES
	     ===========  ==================
	     processlist  SHOW PROCESSLIST
	     hosts	  SHOW SLAVE HOSTS
	     none	  Do not find slaves

	   The processlist method is preferred because SHOW SLAVE HOSTS	is not
	   reliable.  However, the hosts method	is required if the server uses
	   a non-standard port (not 3306).  Usually pt-slave-restart does the
	   right thing and finds the slaves, but you may give a	preferred
	   method and it will be used first.  If it doesn't find any slaves,
	   the other methods will be tried.

       --run-time
	   type: time

	   Time	to run before exiting.	Causes pt-slave-restart	to stop	after
	   the specified time has elapsed.  Optional suffix: s=seconds,
	   m=minutes, h=hours, d=days; if no suffix, s is used.

       --sentinel
	   type: string; default: /tmp/pt-slave-restart-sentinel

	   Exit	if this	file exists.

       --slave-user
	   type: string

	   Sets	the user to be used to connect to the slaves.  This parameter
	   allows you to have a	different user with less privileges on the
	   slaves but that user	must exist on all slaves.

       --slave-password
	   type: string

	   Sets	the password to	be used	to connect to the slaves.  It can be
	   used	with --slave-user and the password for the user	must be	the
	   same	on all slaves.

       --set-vars
	   type: Array

	   Set the MySQL variables in this comma-separated list	of
	   "variable=value" pairs.

	   By default, the tool	sets:

	      wait_timeout=10000

	   Variables specified on the command line override these defaults.
	   For example,	specifying "--set-vars wait_timeout=500" overrides the
	   defaultvalue	of 10000.

	   The tool prints a warning and continues if a	variable cannot	be
	   set.

       --skip-count
	   type: int; default: 1

	   Number of statements	to skip	when restarting	the slave.

       --master-uuid
	   type: string

	   When	using GTID, an empty transaction should	be created in order to
	   skip	it.  If	writes are coming from different nodes in the
	   replication tree above, it is not possible to know which event from
	   which UUID to skip.

	   By default, transactions from the slave's master ('Master_UUID'
	   from	"SHOW SLAVE STATUS") are skipped.

	   For example,	with

	     master1 ->	slave1 -> slave2

	   When	skipping events	on slave2 that were written to master1,	you
	   must	specify	the UUID of master1, else the tool will	use the	UUID
	   of slave1 by	default.

	   See "GLOBAL TRANSACTION IDS".

       --sleep
	   type: int; default: 1

	   Initial sleep seconds between checking the slave.

	   See "SLEEP".

       --socket
	   short form: -S; type: string

	   Socket file to use for connection.

       --stop
	   Stop	running	instances by creating the sentinel file.

	   Causes "pt-slave-restart" to	create the sentinel file specified by
	   "--sentinel".  This should have the effect of stopping all running
	   instances which are watching	the same sentinel file.	 If
	   "--monitor" isn't specified,	"pt-slave-restart" will	exit after
	   creating the	file.  If it is	specified, "pt-slave-restart" will
	   wait	the interval given by "--max-sleep", then remove the file and
	   continue working.

	   You might find this handy to	stop cron jobs gracefully if
	   necessary, or to replace one	running	instance with another.	For
	   example, if you want	to stop	and restart "pt-slave-restart" every
	   hour	(just to make sure that	it is restarted	every hour, in case of
	   a server crash or some other	problem), you could use	a "crontab"
	   line	like this:

	    0 *	* * * pt-slave-restart --monitor --stop	--sentinel /tmp/pt-slave-restartup

	   The non-default "--sentinel"	will make sure the hourly "cron" job
	   stops only instances	previously started with	the same options (that
	   is, from the	same "cron" job).

	   See also "--sentinel".

       --until-master
	   type: string

	   Run until this master log file and position.	 Start the slave, and
	   retry if it fails, until it reaches the given replication
	   coordinates.	 The coordinates are the logfile and position on the
	   master, given by relay_master_log_file, exec_master_log_pos.	 The
	   argument must be in the format "file,pos".  Separate	the filename
	   and position	with a single comma and	no space.

	   This	will also cause	an UNTIL clause	to be given to START SLAVE.

	   After reaching this point, the slave	should be stopped and pt-
	   slave-restart will exit.

       --until-relay
	   type: string

	   Run until this relay	log file and position.	Like "--until-master",
	   but in the slave's relay logs instead.  The coordinates are given
	   by relay_log_file, relay_log_pos.

       --user
	   short form: -u; type: string

	   User	for login if not current user.

       --verbose
	   short form: -v; cumulative: yes; default: 1

	   Adds	more information to the	output.	 This flag can be specified
	   multiple times. e.g.	-v -v OR -vv.  By default (no verbose flag)
	   the tool outputs connection information, a timestamp,
	   relay_log_file, relay_log_pos, and last_errno.  One flag (-v) adds
	   last_error.	See also "--error-length".  Two	flags (-vv) prints the
	   current sleep time each time	pt-slave-restart sleeps.  To suppress
	   all output use the "--quiet"	option.

       --version
	   Show	version	and exit.

       --[no]version-check
	   default: yes

	   Check for the latest	version	of Percona Toolkit, MySQL, and other
	   programs.

	   This	is a standard "check for updates automatically"	feature, with
	   two additional features.  First, the	tool checks its	own version
	   and also the	versions of the	following software: operating system,
	   Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM), MySQL, Perl, MySQL driver
	   for Perl (DBD::mysql), and Percona Toolkit. Second, it checks for
	   and warns about versions with known problems. For example, MySQL
	   5.5.25 had a	critical bug and was re-released as 5.5.25a.

	   A secure connection to Perconaas Version Check database server is
	   done	to perform these checks. Each request is logged	by the server,
	   including software version numbers and unique ID of the checked
	   system. The ID is generated by the Percona Toolkit installation
	   script or when the Version Check database call is done for the
	   first time.

	   Any updates or known	problems are printed to	STDOUT before the
	   tool's normal output.  This feature should never interfere with the
	   normal operation of the tool.

	   For more information, visit
	   <https://www.percona.com/doc/percona-toolkit/LATEST/version-check.html>.

       Show version and	exit.

DSN OPTIONS
       These DSN options are used to create a DSN.  Each option	is given like
       "option=value".	The options are	case-sensitive,	so P and p are not the
       same option.  There cannot be whitespace	before or after	the "="	and if
       the value contains whitespace it	must be	quoted.	 DSN options are
       comma-separated.	 See the percona-toolkit manpage for full details.

       o   A

	   dsn:	charset; copy: yes

	   Default character set.

       o   D

	   dsn:	database; copy:	yes

	   Default database.

       o   F

	   dsn:	mysql_read_default_file; copy: yes

	   Only	read default options from the given file

       o   h

	   dsn:	host; copy: yes

	   Connect to host.

       o   p

	   dsn:	password; copy:	yes

	   Password to use when	connecting.  If	password contains commas they
	   must	be escaped with	a backslash: "exam\,ple"

       o   P

	   dsn:	port; copy: yes

	   Port	number to use for connection.

       o   S

	   dsn:	mysql_socket; copy: yes

	   Socket file to use for connection.

       o   u

	   dsn:	user; copy: yes

	   User	for login if not current user.

ENVIRONMENT
       The environment variable	"PTDEBUG" enables verbose debugging output to
       STDERR.	To enable debugging and	capture	all output to a	file, run the
       tool like:

	  PTDEBUG=1 pt-slave-restart ... > FILE	2>&1

       Be careful: debugging output is voluminous and can generate several
       megabytes of output.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
       You need	Perl, DBI, DBD::mysql, and some	core packages that ought to be
       installed in any	reasonably new version of Perl.

BUGS
       For a list of known bugs, see
       <http://www.percona.com/bugs/pt-slave-restart>.

       Please report bugs at <https://jira.percona.com/projects/PT>.  Include
       the following information in your bug report:

       o   Complete command-line used to run the tool

       o   Tool	"--version"

       o   MySQL version of all	servers	involved

       o   Output from the tool	including STDERR

       o   Input files (log/dump/config	files, etc.)

       If possible, include debugging output by	running	the tool with
       "PTDEBUG"; see "ENVIRONMENT".

DOWNLOADING
       Visit <http://www.percona.com/software/percona-toolkit/>	to download
       the latest release of Percona Toolkit.  Or, get the latest release from
       the command line:

	  wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.tar.gz

	  wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.rpm

	  wget percona.com/get/percona-toolkit.deb

       You can also get	individual tools from the latest release:

	  wget percona.com/get/TOOL

       Replace "TOOL" with the name of any tool.

AUTHORS
       Baron Schwartz

ABOUT PERCONA TOOLKIT
       This tool is part of Percona Toolkit, a collection of advanced command-
       line tools for MySQL developed by Percona.  Percona Toolkit was forked
       from two	projects in June, 2011:	Maatkit	and Aspersa.  Those projects
       were created by Baron Schwartz and primarily developed by him and
       Daniel Nichter.	Visit <http://www.percona.com/software/> to learn
       about other free, open-source software from Percona.

COPYRIGHT, LICENSE, AND	WARRANTY
       This program is copyright 2011-2018 Percona LLC and/or its affiliates,
       2007-2011 Baron Schwartz.

       THIS PROGRAM IS PROVIDED	"AS IS"	AND WITHOUT ANY	EXPRESS	OR IMPLIED
       WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
       MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
       Free Software Foundation, version 2; OR the Perl	Artistic License.  On
       UNIX and	similar	systems, you can issue `man perlgpl' or	`man
       perlartistic' to	read these licenses.

       You should have received	a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with this program; if not, write	to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       59 Temple Place,	Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA.

VERSION
       pt-slave-restart	3.2.0

POD ERRORS
       Hey! The	above document had some	coding errors, which are explained
       below:

       Around line 5994:
	   Non-ASCII character seen before =encoding in	'Perconaas'. Assuming
	   UTF-8

perl v5.32.0			  2020-04-23		   PT-SLAVE-RESTART(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | RISKS | DESCRIPTION | OUTPUT | SLEEP | GLOBAL TRANSACTION IDS | EXIT STATUS | COMPATIBILITY | OPTIONS | DSN OPTIONS | ENVIRONMENT | SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS | BUGS | DOWNLOADING | AUTHORS | ABOUT PERCONA TOOLKIT | COPYRIGHT, LICENSE, AND WARRANTY | VERSION | POD ERRORS

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