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PS2EPS(1)							     PS2EPS(1)

       ps2eps -	convert	PostScript to EPS (Encapsulated	PostScript) files

       ps2eps [	-f ] [ -q ] [ -N ] [ -O	] [ -n ] [ -P ]	[ -c ] [ -C ] [	-m ] [
       -B ] [ -E ] [ -s	pagedim	] [ -t offset ]	[ -r resolution	] [ -R +|-|^ ]
       [  -l  ]	 [  -g	]  [  -H ] [ -d	] [ -h|--help ]	[ -a ] [ -W ] [	-L ] [
       -V|--version ] [	-- ] [ psfile1 ] [ psfile2 ] [ ... ]

       This manual page	documents ps2eps version 1.68.

       ps2eps is a tool	(written in Perl) to produce  Encapsulated  PostScript
       Files  (EPS/EPSF)  from usual one-paged Postscript documents. It	calcu-
       lates correct Bounding Boxes for	those EPS files	and filters some  spe-
       cial postscript command sequences that can produce erroneous results on
       printers. EPS files are often needed for	including (scalable)  graphics
       of high quality into TeX/LaTeX (or even Word) documents.

       Without	any  argument,	ps2eps reads from standard input and writes to
       standard	output.	 If filenames are given	as  arguments  they  are  pro-
       cessed one by one and output files are written to filenames with	exten-
       sion .eps. If input filenames have the extension	.ps or .prn, this  ex-
       tension	is replaced with .eps.	In all other cases .eps	is appended to
       the input filename.  Please note	that PostScript	files for input	should
       contain	only  one  single page (you can	possibly use the psselect from
       the psutils package to extract a	single page from a document that  con-
       tains multiple pages).

       If  BoundingBox	in output seems	to be wrong, please try	options	--size
       or --ignoreBB. See also section TROUBLESHOOTING.

       ps2eps follows the usual	GNU command line  syntax,  with	 long  options
       starting	 with  two dashes (`-').  A summary of options is included be-

       -h, --help
	      Show summary of options.

       -V, --version
	      Show version of program.

       -f, --force
	      Force overwriting	existing  files.  ps2eps  will	not  overwrite
	      files  by	 default  to  avoid  deleting original EPS files acci-

       -q, --quiet
	      quiet operation (no output while processing  files,  except  er-

       -N, --noinsert
	      do not insert any	postscript code. Normally a few	postscript in-
	      structions are added around  the	original  postscript  code  by
	      ps2eps which can be turned off by	this option.

       -O, --preserveorientation
	      do not filter %%Orientation: header comment.

       -n, --nofix
	      do  not  try  to	fix postscript code by filtering some instruc-

       -P, --removepreview
	      remove preview image (smaller file, but no preview anymore).

       -F, --fixps
	      fix postscript code  unconditionally.  Otherwise,	 filtering  is
	      usually triggered	by detection of	certain	drivers	only.

       -c, --comments
	      preserve document	structure comments.

       -C, --clip
	      insert  postscript code for clipping. Unless --nohires is	speci-
	      fied, the	HiResBoundingBox (enlarged by 0.1 points) is used  for

       -m, --mono
	      use black/white bitmap as	base for calculation (default: off).

       -s, --size=pagedim
	      where  pagedim  is  a  pre-defined  standard  page  size	(e.g.,
	      a4,a0,b0,letter,...)  or	explicitly  specified  in   a	format
	      pagedim:=XxY[cm|in],  where X and	Y are numbers (floating	points
	      are accepted) followed by	units centimeter (cm)  or  inch	 (in),
	      (default:	 cm).	Use --size=list	to list	pre-defined pagesizes.
	      See also environment variable PS2EPS_SIZE.

       -t, --translate=x,y
	      specify an x,y offset (may be  negative)	in  postscript	points
	      (1/72  dpi)  for	drawing.  This	option may be required if your
	      drawing has negative coordinates which usually lets  ghostscript
	      cut the negative part of your picture, because it	starts to ren-
	      der at positive coordinates. The resulting output	will  also  be

       -r, --resolution=dpi
	      specify  a  resolution  in dpi (dots per inch) for drawing under
	      ghostscript. Default resolution is 144 dpi which is  the	double
	      of the typical 72	dpi.  This option may help if there is a hard-
	      ware dependent  resolution  encoded  in  the  postscript,	 e.g.,
	      600dpi. Example: ps2eps -l -r 600

       -R, --rotate=direction
	      This option rotates the resulting	EPS output.  The parameter di-
	      rection determines the direction of rotation: +  means  +90  de-
	      grees  (clockwise),-  means -90 degrees (counter-clockwise), and
	      ^	means 180 degrees (up-side down).

       -l, --loose
	      expand the original tight	bounding box by	one point in each  di-

       -B, --ignoreBB
	      do not use existing bounding box as page size for	rendering.

       -E, --ignoreEOF
	      do  not use %%EOF	as hint	for end	of file. Otherwise, ps2eps as-
	      sumes that postscript code ends after the	 last  %%EOF  comment,
	      because  some drivers add	trailing binary	``garbage'' code which
	      gets deleted by ps2eps by	default.

       -g, --gsbbox
	      use internal bbox	device of ghostscript instead of the  external
	      C	 program  bbox.	The internal bbox device of ghostscript	gener-
	      ates different values (sometimes even incorrect),	so  using  the
	      provided bbox should be more robust.  See	also environment vari-
	      able PS2EPS_GSBBOX.

       -H, --nohires
	      do not generate a	%%HiResBoundingBox comment for output.

       -a, --accuracy
	      increase the accuracy by turning subsample antialiasing on  (may
	      be slower)

       -L, --license
	      show licensing information.

       -d, --debuggs
	      show  ghostscript	call. This may be helpful for solving problems
	      that occur during	a ghostscript call.

       -W, --warnings
	      show warnings about sanity of generated EPS file.	Certain	 post-
	      script  commands	should	not be contained in an EPS file.  With
	      this option set ps2eps will issue	a warning  if  it  detects  at
	      least one	of them.

       Based  on  the given postscript source code (in most cases generated by
       some postscript printer driver) there are many potential	 obstacles  or
       problems	 that may occur	when trying to create proper EPS files.	Please
       read this section carefully to be aware of common pitfalls.

       or how to determine the right size for ghostscript.

       If you have documents that are larger  than  your  ghostscript  default
       (usually	 A4 or US letter), you have to specify the page	dimensions ex-
       plicitly	using the -s option. Otherwise your EPS	might be cut off  dur-
       ing rasterizing by ghostscript resulting	in a wrongly calculated	bound-
       ing box.	You can	pass all pre-defined page sizes	to -s that ghostscript
       understands.  These  are	 currently: 11x17, ledger, legal, letter, let-
       tersmall, archA,	archB, archC, archD, archE a0, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6,
       a7,  a8,	 a9, a10, isob0, isob1,	isob2, isob3, isob4, isob5, isob6, b0,
       b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, c0, c1, c2, c3, c4, c5, c6,	jisb0,	jisb1,	jisb2,
       jisb3, jisb4, jisb5, jisb6, flsa, flse, halfletter.  Unfortunately, all
       sizes are currently only	available in portrait orientation  (not	 land-

       By  default, ps2eps uses	an already given %%BoundingBox from the	source
       file, which often corresponds to	the size of the	physical  page	format
       for  which  the document	was printed. However, you should be aware that
       this already specified bounding box may be not correct, thus  resulting
       in a wrongly cropped (or	even no	usable)	.eps-file.  ps2eps can only do
       as good as ghostscript does in rendering	the original  postscript  file
       (though	ps2eps even works with negative	and fractional values are con-
       tained in the original bounding box by  using  automatic	 translation).
       Therefore,  if  the given bounding box is to small or incorrect anyway,
       you can ignore the existing bounding box	with the -B option, which will
       cause  ghostscript  to  use its internal	default	size (or use -s). How-
       ever, if	the BoundingBox	has negative coordinates, which	is not allowed
       by the specification, ps2eps will shift the output to positive values.

       Hint: to	avoid rotating the picture if you have the original drawing in
       landscape format, you may use the ``Encapsulated	Postscript'' option in
       the printer driver which	should generate	an EPS file (but with a	bound-
       ing box of the sheet size!). But	some Windows printer drivers are draw-
       ing  the	 image with an offset from the bottom of the portrait page, so
       that a part of it is drawn outside the  landscape  oriented  page.   In
       this  case,  you'll have	to specify a square size of the	page using the
       maximum length, e.g., 29.7cm x 29.7cm for an A4 page.

       or why gets some	of my text deleted above the included .eps file?

       Some postscript drivers draw a white rectangle from the top left	corner
       of  the	page  to  the right lower corner of the	object.	This may erase
       some or even all	text above your	imported/included EPS file,  which  is
       very  annoying. In order	to prevent this, most programs have a clipping
       option for imported .eps	files (within LaTeX you	can use	\includegraph-
       ics*{})	for  this  purpose. If this is unfortunately not the case, you
       can use the -C option of	ps2eps which will (hopefully) do it  for  you.
       Unfortunately,  PScript.dll  5.2	(Windows XP) introduced	new very badly
       behaving	Postscript code	(initclip) which will even override the	 outer
       clipping!  Thus,	 a new filter had to be	installed in ps2eps which will
       fix it.

       However,	because	most programs clip directly on the bounding  box,  you
       still  may loose	some pixels of your image, because the bounding	box is
       described in the	coarse resolution of postscript	points,	i.e.  72  dpi.
       In  order  to prevent this, you can use the -l option or	-C option (for
       the latter, clipping by the importing program should be disabled	 then)
       to  allow for a 1 point larger bounding box.  -C	clips around a 1 point
       enlarged	bounding box and -l enlarges the  bounding  box	 values	 by  1
       point (you can also combine both	options).

       Some  postscript	 sequences,  e.g., for using specific printer features
       (featurebegin ...), are not working well	within an .eps file, so	ps2eps
       tries  to  filter them out. But please note that	filters	for postscript
       code may	not work properly for your printer driver (ps2eps  was	mainly
       tested  with HP and Adobe printer drivers, although it may work for all
       printers	using the PScript.dll).	In this	case you can try  to  turn  of
       filtering  by  using  option -n,	or try to find the bad sequence	in the
       postscript code and adapt the filter rule in the	ps2eps	script	(vari-
       ables  $linefilter, $rangefilter_begin, $rangefilter_end; linefilter is
       an expression for filtering single lines, rangefilter_...  are  expres-
       sions that filter all lines between a pattern matching $rangefilter_be-
       gin and $rangefilter_end; drop me an e-mail with	 your  modifications).
       However,	 things	 may change as the printer drivers (e.g., PScript.dll)
       or postscript language evolve.

       Some applications or drivers generate postscript	code with  leading  or
       trailing	 binary	 code,	which  often  confuses older postscript	inter-
       preters.	ps2eps tries to	remove such code, but it may sometimes make  a
       wrong guess about start and end of the real postscript code (drop me an
       e-mail with a zipped postscript source, see section BUGS).

       Comment lines or	even blank lines are removed (which is the default  to
       make  .eps  files smaller), which may corrupt your output. Please check
       the next	section	how to fix this.  ps2eps removes blank lines and  also
       <CR> (carriage ceturn ``\r'') at	the end	of lines. However, nicely for-
       matted postscript code gives a hint by using ``%%BeginBinary'' ``%%End-
       Binary''	 comments.  When ps2eps	detects	these comments it will refrain
       from any	filtering action within	the marked binary sections.

       ps2eps filters also %%Orientation: comments by default (you can use op-
       tion  -O	 to  turn  off filtering), because ghostscript may ``automagi-
       cally'' rotate images when generating PDF images, which is not  desired
       in  most	 cases.	Hint: you can turn off that feature in ghostscript un-
       conditionally by	specifying -dAutoRotatePages=/None.

       Some postscript code may	get corrupted when comment lines or even blank
       lines  are  removed  (which is the default to make .eps files smaller),
       because those files may contain encoded images which also have a	 %  as
       first  character	in a line or use a special comment as end of image de-
       limiter.	If this	is the case, use the -c	option	to  prevent  filtering

       ps2eps  supports	 colored  postscript, consequently letting ghostscript
       consume more resources for drawing its bitmap (roughly 6MBytes  for  an
       A4  page).  bbox	is reading the bitmap line by line so it consumes only
       minimal memory. If you experience problems with memory  consumption  of
       ghostscript,  you  may  use the -m option for using a monochrome	image.
       But this	will probably result in	wrongly	determined bounding boxes with
       colored images, because ghostscript has to do black/white dithering and
       may thus	suppress objects drawn in light	colors.

       Another option in case of memory	problems and too long run times	is  to
       use  the	 much more memory efficient internal ghostscript bbox by using
       the -g option.

       Please note that	a command line option always takes precedence over the
       related environment variable.

       The  environment	 variable PS2EPS_SIZE can be used to specify a default
       page size and take any argument that --size accepts.  Examples:	export
       PS2EPS_SIZE=a0  (bash-like  syntax)  or	setenv PS2EPS_SIZE letter (csh

       If the environment variable PS2EPS_GSBBOX is set	the internal bbox  de-
       vice  of	ghostscript will be used instead of the	external command bbox.
       Examples:  export  PS2EPS_GSBBOX=true   (bash-like  syntax)  or	setenv
       PS2EPS_GSBBOX 1 (csh syntax).

       The usual call is simply: ps2eps	-l file

       A relatively failsafe call would	be (if your postscript is smaller than
       iso b0 [100cm x 141.4cm]	and you	have a fast computer with enough  mem-
       ory): ps2eps -l -B -s b0	-c -n file

       If output is not	correct	try: ps2eps -l -B -s b0	-F file

       ps2eps was written by Roland Bless.

       Other  programs	like  ps2epsi do not calculate the bounding box	always
       correctly (because the values are put on	the postscript stack which may
       get  corrupted  by bad postscript code) or rounded it off so that clip-
       ping the	EPS cut	off some part of the image. ps2eps uses	a double  pre-
       cision  resolution  of 144 dpi and appropriate rounding to get a	proper
       bounding	box. The internal bbox device of ghostscript generates differ-
       ent  values  (sometimes	even  incorrect),  so  using the provided bbox
       should be more robust.  However,	because	normal	clipping  has  only  a
       resolution  of  1/72dpi	(postscript  point),  the clipping process may
       still erase parts of your EPS image. In this case please	use the	-l op-
       tion  to	add an additional point	of white space around the tight	bound-
       ing box.

       Some people contributed code or suggestions to improve ps2eps. Here are
       at  least  some	names (sorry if	I forgot your name): Christophe	Druet,
       Hans Ecke, Berend  Hasselman,  Erik  Joergensen,	 Koji  Nakamaru,  Hans
       Fredrik	Nordhaug,  Michael  Sharpe.   Special  thanks  goes to Michael
       Sharpe from UCSD	who suggested a	lot of useful features for ps2eps  and
       who fixed bbox to become	more precise and robust.

       An earlier version of this manual page was originally written by	Rafael
       Laboissiere <rafael at> for the  Debian  system.  Thank  you

       Permission  is  granted to copy,	distribute and/or modify this document
       under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version  1.1  or
       any  later  version  published by the Free Software Foundation; with no
       Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts	and no Back-Cover Texts.

       If you experience problems, please check	carefully  all	hints  in  the
       section	TROUBLESHOOTING	first. Otherwise, check	for an updated version
       at  <URL:> or send a gzipped file  of
       relevant	 postscript source code	with your error	description and	ps2eps
       version number to <roland at> (please allow some time  to  re-

       bbox (1), gs (1), ps2epsi (1)

				31 August 2010			     PS2EPS(1)


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