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POSTQUEUE(1)		    General Commands Manual		  POSTQUEUE(1)

NAME
       postqueue - Postfix queue control

SYNOPSIS
       postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -f
       postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -i queue_id
       postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -p
       postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -s site

DESCRIPTION
       The  postqueue(1)  command  implements  the  Postfix user interface for
       queue management.  It  implements  operations  that  are	 traditionally
       available  via  the  sendmail(1)	command.  See the postsuper(1) command
       for queue operations that require super-user privileges such as	delet-
       ing a message from the queue or changing	the status of a	message.

       The following options are recognized:

       -c config_dir
	      The main.cf configuration	file is	in the named directory instead
	      of the default configuration directory. See also the MAIL_CONFIG
	      environment setting below.

       -f     Flush the	queue: attempt to deliver all queued mail.

	      This option implements the traditional "sendmail -q" command, by
	      contacting the Postfix qmgr(8) daemon.

	      Warning: flushing	undeliverable mail frequently will  result  in
	      poor delivery performance	of all other mail.

       -i queue_id
	      Schedule	immediate delivery of deferred mail with the specified
	      queue ID.

	      This option implements the traditional sendmail -qI command,  by
	      contacting the flush(8) server.

	      This feature is available	with Postfix version 2.4 and later.

       -p     Produce a	traditional sendmail-style queue listing.  This	option
	      implements the traditional  mailq	 command,  by  contacting  the
	      Postfix showq(8) daemon.

	      Each  queue entry	shows the queue	file ID, message size, arrival
	      time, sender, and	the recipients that still need	to  be	deliv-
	      ered.  If	mail could not be delivered upon the last attempt, the
	      reason for failure is shown. The queue ID	string is followed  by
	      an optional status character:

	      *	     The  message  is in the active queue, i.e.	the message is
		     selected for delivery.

	      !	     The message is in the hold	queue, i.e. no further	deliv-
		     ery  attempt  will	 be  made  until the mail is taken off
		     hold.

       -s site
	      Schedule immediate delivery of all mail that is queued  for  the
	      named  site.  A  numerical site must be specified	as a valid RFC
	      5321  address  literal  enclosed	in  [],	 just  like  in	 email
	      addresses.   The site must be eligible for the "fast flush" ser-
	      vice.  See flush(8) for more information about the "fast	flush"
	      service.

	      This  option  implements the traditional "sendmail -qRsite" com-
	      mand, by contacting the Postfix flush(8) daemon.

       -v     Enable verbose  logging  for  debugging  purposes.  Multiple  -v
	      options  make  the  software increasingly	verbose. As of Postfix
	      2.3, this	option is available for	the super-user only.

SECURITY
       This program is designed	to run with set-group ID privileges,  so  that
       it can connect to Postfix daemon	processes.

DIAGNOSTICS
       Problems	are logged to syslogd(8) and to	the standard error stream.

ENVIRONMENT
       MAIL_CONFIG
	      Directory	 with the main.cf file.	In order to avoid exploitation
	      of set-group ID privileges, a non-standard directory is  allowed
	      only if:

	      o	     The  name is listed in the	standard main.cf file with the
		     alternate_config_directories configuration	parameter.

	      o	     The command is invoked by the super-user.

CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
       The following main.cf parameters	are especially relevant	to  this  pro-
       gram.   The  text  below	 provides  only	a parameter summary. See post-
       conf(5) for more	details	including examples.

       alternate_config_directories (empty)
	      A	list of	non-default Postfix configuration directories that may
	      be  specified with "-c config_directory" on the command line, or
	      via the MAIL_CONFIG environment parameter.

       config_directory	(see 'postconf -d' output)
	      The default location of the Postfix main.cf and  master.cf  con-
	      figuration files.

       command_directory (see 'postconf	-d' output)
	      The location of all postfix administrative commands.

       fast_flush_domains ($relay_domains)
	      Optional list of destinations that are eligible for per-destina-
	      tion logfiles with mail that is queued to	those destinations.

       import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
	      The list of environment parameters that a	Postfix	 process  will
	      import from a non-Postfix	parent process.

       queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
	      The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.

       syslog_facility (mail)
	      The syslog facility of Postfix logging.

       syslog_name (see	'postconf -d' output)
	      The  mail	 system	 name that is prepended	to the process name in
	      syslog records, so that "smtpd"  becomes,	 for  example,	"post-
	      fix/smtpd".

       trigger_timeout (10s)
	      The  time	 limit	for sending a trigger to a Postfix daemon (for
	      example, the pickup(8) or	qmgr(8)	daemon).

       Available in Postfix version 2.2	and later:

       authorized_flush_users (static:anyone)
	      List of users who	are authorized to flush	the queue.

       authorized_mailq_users (static:anyone)
	      List of users who	are authorized to view the queue.

FILES
       /var/spool/postfix, mail	queue

SEE ALSO
       qmgr(8),	queue manager
       showq(8), list mail queue
       flush(8), fast flush service
       sendmail(1), Sendmail-compatible	user interface
       postsuper(1), privileged	queue operations

README FILES
       Use "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to	locate
       this information.
       ETRN_README, Postfix ETRN howto

LICENSE
       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

HISTORY
       The postqueue command was introduced with Postfix version 1.1.

AUTHOR(S)
       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J.	Watson Research
       P.O. Box	704
       Yorktown	Heights, NY 10598, USA

								  POSTQUEUE(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | SECURITY | DIAGNOSTICS | ENVIRONMENT | CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS | FILES | SEE ALSO | README FILES | LICENSE | HISTORY | AUTHOR(S)

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