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PORTS(7)           FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual           PORTS(7)

     ports - contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and
     administrators to install applications.  Each port contains any patches
     necessary to make the original application source code compile and run on
     BSD.  Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the
     port directory!  The Makefile automatically fetches the application
     source code, either from a local disk or via FTP, unpacks it on your
     system, applies the patches, and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply
     type make install to install the application.

     It is possible to download and use ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install
     the appropriate ``Upgrade Kit'' from first!
     The portcheckout(1) script (also a port, of course!) will help to
     download new ports.

     For more information about using ports, see ``Packages and Ports'' in The
     FreeBSD Handbook, (file:/usr/share/doc/handbook/ports.html or  For information about
     creating new ports, see The Porter's Handbook
     (file:/usr/share/doc/porters-handbook/index.html or

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This lets
     you, for example, install all of the ``biology'' ports.  The targets that
     do this are build, checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target
     in order.  That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on all the way to fetch.  Usually, you will only use the install target.

     fetch          Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
                    sites listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See
                    FETCH_CMD and MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE.

     checksum       Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the
                    one the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM
                    will skip this step.

     depends        Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any
                    dependencies of the current port.  When called by the
                    extract or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as
                    fetch-depends, build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS
                    will skip this step.

     extract        Expand the distfile into a work directory.

     patch          Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure      Configure the port.  Some ports will ask you questions
                    during this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build          Build the port.  This is the same as calling the all

     install        Install the port and register it with the package system.
                    This is all you really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     fetch-list      Show list of files needed to be fetched in order to build
                     the port.

     pretty-print-run-depends-list, pretty-print-build-depends-list
                     Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies, and
                     dependencies of those dependencies.

     clean           Remove the expanded source code.  This recurses to
                     dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean       Remove the port's distfiles and perform the clean target.
                     The clean portion recurses to dependencies unless
                     NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the distclean portion
                     never recurses (this is perhaps a bug).

     reinstall       Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1) when
                     you should have used deinstall.

     deinstall       Remove an installed port from the system, similar to

     package         Make a binary package for the port.  The port will be
                     installed if it has not already been.  The package is a
                     .tgz file that you can use to install the port on other
                     machines with pkg_add(1).  If the directory specified by
                     PACKAGES does not exist, the package will be put into the
                     current directory.  See PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE.

     readmes         Create a port's README.html.  This can be used from
                     /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on your

     search          Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by either
                     the key (searches the port name, comment, and
                     dependencies) or name (searches the port name only)
                     make(1) variable.  For example, one would type:

                           cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

                     to find all ports whose name matches ``query''.  Results
                     include the matching ports' path, comment, maintainer,
                     build dependencies, and run dependencies.

     index           Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is used by the
                     pretty-print-* and search targets.  While the master
                     INDEX file in the CVS repository is periodically updated,
                     running the index target will ensure your INDEX file is
                     up to date with your ports tree.

     You can change all of these.

     PORTSDIR          Location of the ports tree.  This is /usr/ports on
                       FreeBSD and OpenBSD, and /usr/pkgsrc on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX      Where to create any temporary files.  Useful if
                       PORTSDIR is read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).

     DISTDIR           Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES          Used only for the package target; the base directory
                       for the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.
                       If this directory exists, the package tree will be
                       (partially) constructed.  This directory does not have
                       to exist; if it does not, packages will be placed into
                       the current directory, or you can define one of

                       PKGREPOSITORY      Directory to put the package in.

                       PKGFILE            The full path to the package.

     PREFIX            Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local
                       or /usr/X11R6).

     MASTER_SITES      Primary sites for distribution files if not found

     PATCH_SITES       Primary locations for distribution patch files if not
                       found locally.

                       If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

                       Try going to this site for all files and patches,

     NOCLEANDEPENDS    If defined, do not let clean recurse to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD         Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

                       If set, overwrite any existing package registration on
                       the system.

     MOTIFLIB          Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE       If defined, only operate on a port if it requires

     BATCH             If defined, only operate on a port if it can be
                       installed 100% automatically.

     /usr/ports                     The default ports directory (FreeBSD and
     /usr/pkgsrc                    The default ports directory (NetBSD).
     /usr/ports/Mk/      The big Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     pib(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD Handbook. (searchable index of all ports)

     This man page was originated by David O'Brien.  The ports collection is
     maintained by Satoshi Asami and the Awesome Ports Team.

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread to
     NetBSD and OpenBSD.

     Ports documentation is split over four places --
     /usr/ports/Mk/, The Porter's Handbook, the ``Packages and
     Ports'' chapter of The FreeBSD Handbook, and ports(7).

     This man page is too long.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        January 25, 1998        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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