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PORTS(7)           FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual           PORTS(7)

     ports - contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and
     administrators to install applications.  Each port contains any patches
     necessary to make the original application source code compile and run on
     BSD.  Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the
     port directory!  The `Makefile' automatically fetches the application
     source code, either from a local disk or via ftp, unpacks it on your
     system, applies the patches, and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply
     type make install to install the application.

     It is possible to download and use ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install
     the appropriate "Upgrade Kit" from first!
     The portcheckout(1) script (also a port, of course!) will help to
     download new ports.

     For more information about using ports, see The Ports Collection
     (file:/usr/share/doc/handbook/ports.html --or--  For information about
     creating new ports, see Porting applications
     (file:/usr/share/doc/handbook/porting.html --or--  Both are part of the
     FreeBSD Handbook.

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This lets
     you, for example, install all of the biology ports.  The targets that do
     this are build, checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target
     in order.  That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on all the way to fetch.  Usually, you will only use the install target.

     fetch      Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
                site(s) listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See FETCH_CMD
                and MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE.

     checksum   Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the one
                the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM will skip
                this step.

     depends    Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any
                dependencies of the current port.  When called by the extract
                or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as fetch-depends,
                build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS will skip this step.

     extract    Expand the distfile into a work directory.

     patch      Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure  Configure the port.  Some ports will ask you questions during
                this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build      Build the port.  This is the same as calling the all target.

     install    Install the port and register it with the package system.
                This is all you really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     fetch-list  Show list of files needed to be fetched in order to build the

     pretty-print-run-depends-list pretty-print-build-depends-list
                 Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies, and
                 dependencies of those dependencies.

     clean       Remove the expanded source code.  This recurses to
                 dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean   Remove the port's distfile(s) and perform the clean target.
                 The `clean' portion recurses to dependencies unless
                 NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the `distclean' portion never
                 recurses (this is perhaps a bug).

     reinstall   Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1) when you
                 should have used deinstall.

     deinstall   Remove an installed port from the system, similar to

     package     Make a binary package for the port.  The port will be
                 installed if it hasn't already been.  The package is a .tgz
                 file that you can use to install the port on other machines
                 with pkg_add(1).  If the directory specified by PACKAGES does
                 not exist the package will be put into the current directory.
                 See PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE.

     readmes     Create a port's README.html.  This can be used from
                 /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on your

     search      Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by either the
                 key (searches the port name, comment, and dependencies) or
                 name (just searches the port name) make argument.  For
                 example, one would type:

                       cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

                 to find all ports whose name matches `query'.  Results
                 include the matching ports' path, comment, maintainer, build
                 dependencies, and run dependencies.

     index       Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is used by the pretty-print-*
                 and search targets.  While the master INDEX file in the CVS
                 repository is periodically updated, running the index target
                 will ensure your INDEX file is up to date with your ports

     You can change all of these.

     PORTSDIR      Location of the ports tree.  This is /usr/ports on FreeBSD
                   and OpenBSD and /usr/pkgsrc on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX  Where to create any temporary files.  Useful if PORTSDIR is
                   read-only (perhaps mounted from a cdrom).

     DISTDIR       Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES      Used only for the package target; the base directory for
                   the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.  If this
                   directory exists, the package tree will be (partially)
                   constructed.  This directory does not have to exist; if it
                   doesn't packages will be placed into the current directory,
                   or you can define one of

                   PKGREPOSITORY  Directory to put the package in.

                   PKGFILE        The full path to the package.

     PREFIX        Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local or

     MASTER_SITES  Primary sites for distribution files if not found locally.

     PATCH_SITES   Primary location(s) for distribution patch files if not
                   found locally.

                   If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

                   Try going to this site for all files and patches, first.

                   If defined, don't let `clean' recurse to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD     Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

                   If set, overwrite any existing package registration on the

     MOTIFLIB      Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE   If defined, only operate on a port if it requires

     BATCH         If defined, only operate on a port if it can be installed
                   100% automatically.

     /usr/ports       The default ports directory (FreeBSD and OpenBSD).
     /usr/pkgsrc      The default ports directory (NetBSD).
                      The big Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     pib(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD handbook (searchable index of all ports)

     This man page was originated by David O'Brien.  The ports collection is
     maintained by Satoshi Asami and the Awesome Ports Team.

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread to
     NetBSD and OpenBSD.

     Ports documentation is split over four places ---
     /usr/ports/Mk/, the ``Ports Collection'' section of the
     handbook, the ``Porting Existing Software'' section of the handbook, and

     This man page is too long.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        January 25, 1998        FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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