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PORTS(7)           FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual           PORTS(7)

     ports - contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and
     administrators to install applications.  Each port contains any patches
     necessary to make the original application source code compile and run on
     BSD.  Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the
     port directory!  The Makefile automatically fetches the application
     source code, either from a local disk or via FTP, unpacks it on your
     system, applies the patches, and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply
     type make install to install the application.

     It is possible to download and use ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install
     the appropriate ``Upgrade Kit'' from first!
     The portcheckout(1) script (also a port, of course!) will help to
     download new ports.

     For more information about using ports, see ``Packages and Ports'' in The
     FreeBSD Handbook,
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html or
     For information about creating new ports, see The Porter's Handbook
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/index.html or

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This lets
     you, for example, install all of the ``biology'' ports.  The targets that
     do this are build, checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target
     in order.  That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on all the way to fetch.  Usually, you will only use the install target.

     config         Configure OPTIONS for this port using dialog(1).

     fetch          Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
                    sites listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See

     checksum       Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the
                    one the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM
                    will skip this step.

     depends        Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any
                    dependencies of the current port.  When called by the
                    extract or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as
                    fetch-depends, build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS
                    will skip this step.

     extract        Expand the distfile into a work directory.

     patch          Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure      Configure the port.  Some ports will ask you questions
                    during this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build          Build the port.  This is the same as calling the all

     install        Install the port and register it with the package system.
                    This is all you really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     showconfig           Display OPTIONS config for this port.

     rmconfig             Remove OPTIONS config for this port.

     fetch-list           Show list of files to be fetched in order to build
                          the port.

     fetch-recursive      Fetch the distfiles of the port and all its

                          Show list of files that would be retrieved by

     pretty-print-run-depends-list, pretty-print-build-depends-list
                          Print a list of all the compile and run
                          dependencies, and dependencies of those

     clean                Remove the expanded source code.  This recurses to
                          dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean            Remove the port's distfiles and perform the clean
                          target.  The clean portion recurses to dependencies
                          unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the distclean
                          portion never recurses (this is perhaps a bug).

     reinstall            Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1)
                          when you should have used deinstall.

     deinstall            Remove an installed port from the system, similar to

     deinstall-all        Remove all installed ports with the same PKGORIGIN
                          from the system.

     package              Make a binary package for the port.  The port will
                          be installed if it has not already been.  The
                          package is a .tgz file that you can use to install
                          the port on other machines with pkg_add(1).  If the
                          directory specified by PACKAGES does not exist, the
                          package will be put into the current directory.  See
                          PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE.

     package-recursive    Like package, but makes a package for each depending
                          port as well.

     readmes              Create a port's README.html.  This can be used from
                          /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on
                          your system!

     search               Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by
                          the key (searches the port name, comment, and
                          dependencies), name (searches the port name only),
                          path (searches the port path), info (searches the
                          port info), maint (searches the port maintainer),
                          cat (searches the port category), bdeps (searches
                          the port build-time dependency), rdeps (searches the
                          port run-time dependency) make(1) variables, and
                          their exclusion counterparts: xname, xkey etc.  For
                          example, one would type:

                                cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

                          to find all ports whose name matches ``query''.
                          Results include the matching ports' path, comment,
                          maintainer, build dependencies, and run

                                cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

                          To find all ports whose names contain ``pear-'' and
                          which do not have apache listed in build-time

                                cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

                          To find all ports whose names contain ``pear-'', but
                          not ``html'' or ``http''.

                                make search key=apache display=name,path,info keylim=1

                          To find ports that contain ``apache'' in either of
                          the name, path, info fields, ignore the rest of the

     describe             Generate a one-line description of each port for use
                          in the INDEX file.

     index                Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is used by the
                          pretty-print-* and search targets.  Running the
                          index target will ensure your INDEX file is up to
                          date with your ports tree.

     fetchindex           Fetch the INDEX file from the FreeBSD cluster.

     You can change all of these.

     PORTSDIR          Location of the ports tree.  This is /usr/ports on
                       FreeBSD and OpenBSD, and /usr/pkgsrc on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX      Where to create any temporary files.  Useful if
                       PORTSDIR is read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).

     DISTDIR           Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES          Used only for the package target; the base directory
                       for the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.
                       If this directory exists, the package tree will be
                       (partially) constructed.  This directory does not have
                       to exist; if it does not, packages will be placed into
                       the current directory, or you can define one of

                       PKGREPOSITORY      Directory to put the package in.

                       PKGFILE            The full path to the package.

     PREFIX            Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local
                       or /usr/X11R6).

     MASTER_SITES      Primary sites for distribution files if not found

     PATCH_SITES       Primary locations for distribution patch files if not
                       found locally.

                       If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

                       Try going to these sites for all files and patches,

                       Try going to these sites for all files and patches,

                       Where to get INDEX source built on FreeBSD cluster (for
                       fetchindex target).  Defaults to

     FETCHINDEX        Command to get INDEX (for fetchindex target).  Defaults
                       to ``fetch -am''.

     NOCLEANDEPENDS    If defined, do not let clean recurse to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD         Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

                       If set, overwrite any existing package registration on
                       the system.

     MOTIFLIB          Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE       If defined, only operate on a port if it requires

     BATCH             If defined, only operate on a port if it can be
                       installed 100% automatically.

     OPTIONS           If defined, list of what WITH_* options this port
                       accepts.  Note: to make OPTIONS actually work, it is
                       necessary to include before starting to
                       test the WITH_* variables.

                       If defined, disable check for security vulnerabilities
                       using portaudit(1) when installing new ports.

     /usr/ports                     The default ports directory (FreeBSD and
     /usr/pkgsrc                    The default ports directory (NetBSD).
     /usr/ports/Mk/      The big Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     pib(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD Handbook. (searchable index of all ports)

     This manual page was originated by David O'Brien.

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread to
     NetBSD and OpenBSD.

     Ports documentation is split over four places --
     /usr/ports/Mk/, The Porter's Handbook, the ``Packages and
     Ports'' chapter of The FreeBSD Handbook, and this manual page.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE        December 17, 2004       FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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