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PORTS(7)           FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual           PORTS(7)

     ports -- contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and adminis-
     trators to install applications.  Each port contains any patches neces-
     sary to make the original application source code compile and run on BSD.
     Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the port
     directory!  The Makefile automatically fetches the application source
     code, either from a local disk or via FTP, unpacks it on your system,
     applies the patches, and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply type make
     install to install the application.

     It is possible to download and use ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install
     the appropriate ``Upgrade Kit'' from first!
     The portcheckout(1) script (also a port, of course!) will help to down-
     load new ports.

     For more information about using ports, see ``Packages and Ports'' in The
     FreeBSD Handbook,
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html or
     For information about creating new ports, see The Porter's Handbook
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/index.html or

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This lets
     you, for example, install all of the ``biology'' ports.  The targets that
     do this are build, checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target
     in order.  That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on all the way to fetch.  Usually, you will only use the install target.

     fetch      Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
                sites listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See FETCH_CMD
                and MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE.

     checksum   Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the one
                the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM will skip
                this step.

     depends    Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any
                dependencies of the current port.  When called by the extract
                or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as fetch-depends,
                build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS will skip this step.

     extract    Expand the distfile into a work directory.

     patch      Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure  Configure the port.  Some ports will ask you questions during
                this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build      Build the port.  This is the same as calling the all target.

     install    Install the port and register it with the package system.
                This is all you really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     fetch-list       Show list of files needed to be fetched in order to
                      build the port.

     fetch-recursive  Fetch the distfiles of the port and all its dependen-

                      Show list of files that would be retrieved by

     pretty-print-run-depends-list, pretty-print-build-depends-list
                      Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies,
                      and dependencies of those dependencies.

     clean            Remove the expanded source code.  This recurses to
                      dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean        Remove the port's distfiles and perform the clean tar-
                      get.  The clean portion recurses to dependencies unless
                      NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the distclean portion
                      never recurses (this is perhaps a bug).

     reinstall        Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1)
                      when you should have used deinstall.

     deinstall        Remove an installed port from the system, similar to

     deinstall-all    Remove all installed ports with the same PKGORIGIN from
                      the system.

     package          Make a binary package for the port.  The port will be
                      installed if it has not already been.  The package is a
                      .tgz file that you can use to install the port on other
                      machines with pkg_add(1).  If the directory specified by
                      PACKAGES does not exist, the package will be put into
                      the current directory.  See PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE.

                      Like package, but makes a package for each depending
                      port as well.

     readmes          Create a port's README.html.  This can be used from
                      /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on
                      your system!

     search           Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by
                      either the key (searches the port name, comment, and
                      dependencies) or name (searches the port name only)
                      make(1) variable.  For example, one would type:

                            cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

                      to find all ports whose name matches ``query''.  Results
                      include the matching ports' path, comment, maintainer,
                      build dependencies, and run dependencies.

     index            Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is used by the
                      pretty-print-* and search targets.  While the master
                      INDEX file in the CVS repository is periodically
                      updated, running the index target will ensure your INDEX
                      file is up to date with your ports tree.

     You can change all of these.

     PORTSDIR      Location of the ports tree.  This is /usr/ports on FreeBSD
                   and OpenBSD, and /usr/pkgsrc on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX  Where to create any temporary files.  Useful if PORTSDIR is
                   read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).

     DISTDIR       Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES      Used only for the package target; the base directory for
                   the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.  If this
                   directory exists, the package tree will be (partially) con-
                   structed.  This directory does not have to exist; if it
                   does not, packages will be placed into the current direc-
                   tory, or you can define one of

                   PKGREPOSITORY  Directory to put the package in.

                   PKGFILE        The full path to the package.

     PREFIX        Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local or

     MASTER_SITES  Primary sites for distribution files if not found locally.

     PATCH_SITES   Primary locations for distribution patch files if not found

                   If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

                   Try going to these sites for all files and patches, first.

                   If defined, do not let clean recurse to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD     Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

                   If set, overwrite any existing package registration on the

     MOTIFLIB      Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE   If defined, only operate on a port if it requires interac-

     BATCH         If defined, only operate on a port if it can be installed
                   100% automatically.

     /usr/ports                 The default ports directory (FreeBSD and
     /usr/pkgsrc                The default ports directory (NetBSD).
     /usr/ports/Mk/  The big Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     pib(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD Handbook. (searchable index of all ports)

     This man page was originated by David O'Brien.

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread to
     NetBSD and OpenBSD.

     Ports documentation is split over four places --
     /usr/ports/Mk/, The Porter's Handbook, the ``Packages and
     Ports'' chapter of The FreeBSD Handbook, and this man page.

     This man page is too long.

FreeBSD 4.10                   January 25, 1998                   FreeBSD 4.10


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