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POLYGLOT(6)							   POLYGLOT(6)

NAME
       PolyGlot	-  Winboard protocol to	UCI protocol adapter
		-  book	engine for Polyglot books
		-  a collection	of utilities for creating and analyzing
       opening books
		-  a utility for analyzing epd files
		-  a perft counter

SYNOPSIS
       polyglot	[configfile] [-noini] [-ec engine] [-ed	enginedirectory] [-en
       enginename] [-log true/false] [-lf logfile] [-pg	<name>=<value>]* [-uci
       <name>=<value>]*

       polyglot	make-book [-pgn	inputfile] [-bin outputfile] [-max-ply ply]
       [-min-game games] [-min-score score] [-only-white] [-only-black]
       [-uniform]

       polyglot	merge-book -in1	inputfile1 -in2	inputfile2 [-out outputfile]

       polyglot	info-book [-bin	inputfile] [-exact]

       polyglot	dump-book [-bin	inputfile] -color color	[-out outputfile]

       polyglot	[configfile] epd-test [engineoptions] [-epd inputfile]
       [-min-depth depth] [-max-depth depth] [-max-time	time] [-depth-delta
       delta]

       polyglot	perft [-fen fen] [-max-depth depth]

DESCRIPTION
       PolyGlot	as adapter and book engine

       PolyGlot	is a "UCI adapter".  It	connects a GUI interface (such as
       XBoard, Winboard, Arena or Chessbase) to	a UCI chess engine.

       By specifying an	opening	book (in PolyGlot book format) chess engines
       can transparently use such books.

       PolyGlot	understands the	two main GUI protocols:	UCI and	xboard.
       Normally	the protocol will be auto detected but this can	be overridden
       in the configuration file.

       In xboard mode PolyGlot fully translates	between	the xboard and UCI
       protocols.  In addition it tries	to solve known problems	with other
       adapters.  For instance,	it detects and reports draws by	fifty-move
       rule, repetition, etc ... It also supports Chess960.

       When in UCI mode	PolyGlot mostly	passes commands	from the GUI to	the
       engine and vice versa, except that it will play book moves on behalf of
       the engine when the occasion arises.

       The engine options are exported as UCI options in UCI mode and as
       "feature	option=" commands in xboard mode. The latter form an extension
       of the xboard protocol as defined by H.G. Muller.

       Options which normally appear in	the [PolyGlot] section of the config
       file (see below)	are exported as	options	with their name	prefixed by
       "Polyglot". This	makes it easy to filter	them in	the GUI.

       NOTE: Not all options are exported, only	those that make	sense in the
       given mode.

       Book making utilities

       PolyGlot	supports the "PolyGlot opening book format". This is the
       defacto standard	non-proprietary	opening	book format. It	is fully
       documented here

       http://alpha.uhasselt.be/Research/Algebra/Toga/book_format.html

       Roughly speaking	a PolyGlot opening book	is a collection	of triples
       (position, move,	weight). A "position" is represented by	a 64-bit
       Zobrist hash key. The weight is proportional to the probability the
       move should be played.

       Other opening book formats such as ChessBase's .ctg format and Arena's
       .abk format are undocumented and	proprietary. They can only be used by
       their own GUIs.

       PolyGlot	can compile a pgn file into a binary PolyGlot book and
       furthermore it can merge	two such binary	books into a third one.

       PolyGlot	can also extract some useful information from PolyGlot books.
       The utility "dump-book" dumps the "lines" in a book for a given color.
       By definition a line is a sequence of moves (from the starting
       position) in which the given color makes	only book moves	and the	other
       color makes arbitrary moves (i.e. not necessarily book moves).

       Since a PolyGlot	book is	built up from positions	and not	lines there
       may be (and there usually are) many positions in	the book that are not
       on a "line" as defined in the previous paragraph. It is convenient to
       call such positions "isolated" positions. The utility "info-book"
       counts such isolated positions.

       Some of the isolated positions are provably unreachable and they	could
       in principle be deleted from the	book. For example if a book contains
       only the	move "e4" in the starting position but also the	position after
       "d4 d5" then this last position is provably unreachable since it
       requires	white to make a	non-book move when a book move is available.
       Such situations arise frequently	from the priority rules	in merging
       books.

       Unfortunately not all isolated positions	are provably unreachable and
       it is difficult to identify the latter. If invoked with "-exact"	the
       utility info-book will attempt to count the isolated positions which
       require a player	to make	a non-book move	when a book move is available.
       Due to the possibility of transpositions	this is	not a fool proof
       method.

       Epd test	mode

       In epd test mode, PolyGlot will search positions	in an epd file and
       record the number of times the right best move was found.  The
       arguments specify when to stop the search in any	given position.

       Perft counts

       A perft count is	the number of legal move sequence in a given position
       up to a given depth. PolyGlot can perform such perft counts. It is
       however much slower than	other more dedicated programs.

OPTIONS
       When PolyGlot is	invoked	as an adapter of in epd-test mode it gets its
       options from a config file and then from	the command line.  The default
       config file is "polyglot.ini" but an alternative	one may	be optionally
       included	as first argument. The config file format is described below.

       The following engine options may	be specified on	the command line.

       -noini
	   Do not use a	config file, even if one was specified on the command
	   line.

       -pg The argument	is a string of the form	<name>=<value>.	This option
	   will	set the	Polyglot option	<name> to <value>.

       -uci
	   The argument	is a string of the form	<name>=<value>.	This option
	   will	set the	engine option <name> to	<value>.

       -ec This	is an alias for	-pg "EngineCommand=<value>"

       -ed This	is an alias for	-pg "EngineDir=<value>"

       -en This	is an alias for	-pg "EngineName=<value>"

       -log (default: false)
	   This	is an alias for	-pg "Log=<value>"

       -lf (default: "polyglot.log")
	   This	is an alias for	-pg "LogFile=<value>".

       -wb (default: "true")
	   This	is an alias for	-pg "OnlyWbOptions=<value>".

       When invoked as

       polyglot	make-book

       PolyGlot	supports the following options

       -pgn (default: "book.pgn")
	   Input file in pgn format.

       -bin (default: "book.bin")
	   Output file in PolyGlot format.

       -max-ply	(default: 1024)
	   Specifies the maximum ply-depth of lines included in	the book.

       -min-game (default: 3)
	   Specifies the minimum number	of games that have to contain this
	   move	for it to be included in the book.

       -min-score (default: 0.0)
	   Specifies the minimum score (or weight) this	move should have
	   received for	it to  be included in the book.	The score is
	   2*(wins)+(draws), globally scaled to	fit into 16 bits.

       -only-white
	   Include only	moves for white	in the book.

       -only-black
	   Include only	moves for black	in the book.

       -uniform
	   Set all weights to 1. In other words, all moves will	be selected
	   with	equal probability.

       When invoked as

       polyglot	merge-book

       PolyGlot	supports the following options

       -in1
	   First input file (in	PolyGlot book format).

       -in2
	   Second input	file (in PolyGlot book format).

       -out (default: out.bin)
	   Output file (in PolyGlot book format).

       Input files are not symmetrical,	"in1" has priority over	"in2". In
       other words when	a position occurs both in "in1"	and "in2" only the
       moves and weights from "in1" will be retained in	"out".

       When invoked as

       polyglot	dump-book

       PolyGlot	supports the following options

       -bin (default: book.bin)
	   Input file in PolyGlot book format.

       -color
	   The color for whom to generate the lines.

       -out (default: book_<color>.txt)
	   The name of the output file.

       When invoked as

       polyglot	info-book

       PolyGlot	supports the following options

       -bin (default: book.bin)
	   Input file in PolyGlot book format.

       -exact
	   Attempt to count the	provably unreachable positions among the
	   isolated ones.  Note	that this takes	a very long time.

       When invoked as

       polyglot	epd-test

       (possibly with a	config file as first argument) PolyGlot	supports
       besides the generic options described above the following additional
       options.

       -max-depth (default: 63)
	   Unconditionally stop	the search when	this depth has been reached.

       -max-time (default: 5.0)
	   Unconditionally stop	the seach after	this amount of time.

       -depth-delta (default: 3)
	   Stop	the search if the solution as been found and the best move has
	   been	constant for this many depths, on condition that the mininal
	   depth and minimal time have been reached.

       -min-depth (default: 8)
	   Minimal search depth	when the search	is stopped using
	   "-depth-delta".

       -min-time (default: 1.0)
	   Minimal search time when the	search is stopped using
	   "-depth-delta".

       When invoked as

       polyglot	perft

       PolyGlot	supports the following options

       -fen (default: starting position)
	   Fen at which	to start searching.

       -max-depth (default: 1)
	   Maximum depth to search.

CONFIG FILE FORMAT
       There should be a different config file for each	engine.

       The config file is in the traditional INI format.

	   [PolyGLot]
	   option = value
	   ...
	   [Engine]
	   option = value
	   ...

       The characters "#" and ";" serve	as comment characters.

       Initial and final white space is	stripped from option names and values.
       If you need to use characters which have	a special meaning to PolyGlot
       (these are ';#[]=\') you	should quote them by preceding them with '\'.
       "Quoting" other characters in this way has no effect. In	particular the
       use of '\' as a path separator in windows should	normally not affected.

       [PolyGlot] section

       This section is used by PolyGlot	only.  The engine is unaware of	these
       options.	 The list of available options is detailed below.

       EngineName (default: UCI	name)
	   This	is the name that will appear in	the GUI.  It is	cosmetic only.
	   You can use different names for tweaked versions of the same
	   engine.

       EngineDir (default: ".")
	   Full	path of	the directory where the	engine is installed.  You can
	   use "." (without the	quotes)	if you know that PolyGlot will be
	   launched in the engine directory or the engine is in	the "path" and
	   does	not need any data file.

       EngineCommand
	   Put here the	name of	the engine executable file.  You can also add
	   command-line	arguments.  Path searching is used and the current
	   directory will be "EngineDir". On Linux the EngineCommand is	passed
	   to wordexp so that shell quoting rules and expansions are applied.
	   On Windows the EngineCommand	is simply passed to CreateProcess
	   which does its own shell like processing.

       SettingsDir (default: $HOME/.polyglot on	Linux; ".\_PG" on Windows)
	   The directory where ini files are stored for	engines	that are
	   started with	-noini.	Such ini files may be created by pushing the
	   "Save" button in the	Engine settings	dialog in WB/XB	4.4.0 and
	   higher. As a	special	exception (for WB/XB 4.4.0 compatibility) this
	   directory is	also used in case PolyGlot is started with config
	   files named "polyglot_1st.ini" or "polyglot_2nd.ini".

       Log (default: false)
	   Whether PolyGlot should log all transactions	with the interface and
	   the engine.	This should be necessary only to locate	problems.

       LogFile (default: polyglot.log)
	   The name of the log file.  Note that	it is put where	PolyGlot was
	   launched from, not into the engine directory.

	   WARNING: Log	files are not cleared between sessions,	and can	become
	   very	large.	It is safe to remove them though.

       Resign (default:	false)
	   Set this to "true" if you want PolyGlot to resign on	behalf of the
	   engine.

	   NOTE: Some engines display buggy scores from	time to	time although
	   the best move is correct.  Use this option only if you know what
	   you are doing (e.g. you always check	the final position of games).

       ResignMoves (default: 3)
	   Number of consecutive moves with "resign" score (see	below) before
	   PolyGlot resigns for	the engine.  Positions with only one legal
	   move	are ignored.

       ResignScore (default: 600)
	   This	is the score in	centipawns that	will trigger resign
	   "counting".

       ShowPonder (default: true)
	   Show	search information during engine pondering.  Turning this off
	   might be better for interactive use in some interfaces.

       ScoreWhite (default: true)
	   Report score	from white's point of view in xboard mode.

       KibitzMove (default: false)
	   Whether to kibitz when playing a move.

       KibitzPV	(default: false)
	   Whether to kibitz when the PV is changed (new iteration or new best
	   move).

       KibitzCommand (default: "tellall")
	   xboard command to use for kibitzing,	normally "tellall" for
	   kibitzing or	"tellothers" for whispering.

       KibitzDelay (default: 5)
	   How many seconds to wait before starting kibitzing.	This has an
	   effect only if "KibitzPV" is	selected, move kibitzes	are always
	   sent	regardless of the delay.

       KibitzInterval (default:	0)
	   This	is another form	of throttling. PolyGlot	will usually wait this
	   many	seconds	before doing the next kibitz.

       UCI (default: false)
	   If true PolyGlot will not understand	xboard commands.

       MateScore (default: 10000)
	   Mate	score reported to GUI when in xboard mode.

       Book (default: false)
	   Indicates whether a PolyGlot	book should be used.  This has no
	   effect on the engine	own book (which	can be controlled with the UCI
	   option "OwnBook" in the [Engine] section).  In particular, it is
	   possible to use both	a PolyGlot book	and an engine book.  In	that
	   case, the engine book will be used whenever PolyGlot	is out of
	   book.  Remember that	PolyGlot is unaware of whether the engine is
	   itself using	a book or not.

       BookFile	(default: book.bin)
	   The name of the (binary) book file.	Note that PolyGlot will	look
	   for it in the directory it was launched from, not in	the engine
	   directory.  Of course, full path can	be used	in which case the
	   current directory does not matter.

       BookRandom (default: true)
	   Select moves	according to their weights in the book.	If false the
	   move	with the highest weight	is selected.

       BookLearn (default: false)
	   This	is a noop.

       BookDepth (default: 256)
	   Stop	using the book after this number of moves.

       BookTreshold (default: 5)
	   Do not play moves with a weight (probability) lower than this (in
	   per mil).

       UseNice (default: false)
	   Run the engine at nice level	5, or "NiceValue" if it	set.  On some
	   operating systems it	may be necessary to run	the engine at lower
	   priority for	it to be responsive to commands	from PolyGlot while
	   searching.

       NiceValue (default: 5)
	   Nice	levels go from -20 to 20 with 20 being the lowest priority.
	   On Unix only	root can set negative nice levels. On Windows the
	   standard Win32 priority levels are mapped in	a sensible way to Unix
	   nice	levels.

       Affinity	(default: -1)
	   This	a bit vector in	which each bit represents the processors that
	   a process is	allowed	to run on. This	option works only on Windows.

       STFudge (default: 20)
	   PolyGlot will translate "st x" as "go movetime 1000*x-STFudge".
	   The rationale is that in the	UCI specification the argument of
	   movetime is defined as the exact search time	whereas	the argument
	   of the st command is	only an	upperbound.

       OnlyWbOptions (default: true)
	   If true then	PolyGlot restricts the options it sends	to those that
	   are potentially useful for WinBoard.

       Work arounds

       Work arounds are	identical to options except that they should be	used
       only when necessary.  Their purpose is to try to	hide problems with
       various software	(not just engines).

       IMPORTANT: Any of these work arounds might be removed in	future
       versions	of PolyGlot.  You are strongly recommended to contact the
       author of faulty	software and truly fix the problem.

       PolyGlot	supports the following work arounds:

       UCIVersion (default: 2)
	   The default value of	2 corresponds to UCI+.	Use 1 to select	plain
	   UCI for engines that	have problems with UCI+.

       CanPonder (default: false)
	   PolyGlot now	conforms to the	documented UCI behaviour: the engine
	   will	be allowed to ponder only if it	(the engine) declares the
	   "Ponder" UCI	option.	 However some engines which can	actually
	   ponder do not declare the option.  This work	around lets PolyGlot
	   know	that they can ponder.

       SyncStop	(default: false)
	   When	a ponder miss occurs, Polyglot interrupts the engine and
	   IMMEDIATELY launches	a new search.  While there should be no
	   problem with	this, some engines seem	confused and corrupt their
	   search board.  "SyncStop" forces PolyGlot to	wait for the (now
	   useless) ponder search to finish before launching the new search.

       PromoteWorkAround (default: false)
	   Some	engines	do not specify a promotion piece, e.g. they send
	   "e7e8" instead of the correct "e7e8q".  This	work around enables
	   the incorrect form (and of course promotes into a queen).

       RepeatPV	(default: true)
	   When	true, PolyGlot repeats the last	pv string (which also contains
	   score,depth and time	usage) it got from the engine. Some engines
	   however do not send a new pv	string just before sending the move.
	   In that case	the output of PolyGlot would be	inconsistent.  When
	   RepeatPV is false PolyGlot does not repeat the last pv string.  Due
	   to the way kibitzing	is implemented,	KibitzMove is disabled in that
	   case.

       [Engine]	section

       This section contains engine UCI	options.  PolyGlot does	not understand
       them, but sends the information to the engine at	startup	(converted to
       UCI form).  You can add any UCI option that makes sense to the engine
       (not just the common options about hash-table size and tablebases).

       NOTE: use INI syntax, not UCI.  For example "OwnBook = true" is
       correct.	 It will be replaced by	PolyGlot with "setoption name OwnBook
       value true" at engine startup.

       Standard	UCI options are

	   Hash
	   NalimovPath
	   NalimovCache
	   OwnBook

       Hidden options like "Ponder" or "UCI_xxx" are automatic and should not
       be put in an INI	file.

       The other options are engine-specific.  Check their name	using a	UCI
       GUI or launch the engine	in a console and type "uci".

EXAMPLES
       Running the UCI engine "fruit" under xboard 4.3.15 and later (this
       invokes PolyGlot	internally).

	   xboard -fcp fruit -fUCI

       An explicit command line	for using the UCI engine "fruit" with logging
       enabled (this works also	with older versions of xboard).

	   xboard -fcp "polyglot -noini	-log true -ec fruit"

       The equivalent config file would	be:

	   [PolyGlot]
	   EngineCommand = fruit
	   Log = true
	   [Engine]

       Compile "games.pgn" into	a book "book.bin" retaining all	lines of at
       most 30 plies.

	   polyglot make-book -pgn games.pgn -bin book.bin -max-ply 30

       Merge books "w1.bin" and	"w2.bin" into a	book "w.bin".

	   polyglot merge-book -in1 w1.bin -in2	w2.bin -out w.bin

       Inspect lines for white in "w.bin"

	   polyglot dump-book -bin w.bin -color	white -out w_white.txt

       Test epd	file "test.epd"	with a (maximum) search	time of	7 minutes per
       position

	   polyglot epd-test -epd test.epd -max-time 420

EXIT STATUS
       PolyGlot	always returns 0 on exit.

AUTHORS
       Main author: Fabien Letouzey<fabien_letouzey(at)hotmail.com>

       Native Windows port:  Huang Chen<webmaster@elephantbase.net> ("Morning
       Yellow")

       Various enhancements: Fonzy Bleumers<match(at)geenvis.net>

       UCI port	and implementation of new WB protocol: Michel Van den Bergh
       <michel.vandenbergh(at)uhasselt.be>

SEE ALSO
       xboard(6)

				  2011-06-01			   POLYGLOT(6)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | CONFIG FILE FORMAT | EXAMPLES | EXIT STATUS | AUTHORS | SEE ALSO

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