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Pnmpaste User Manual(0)				       Pnmpaste	User Manual(0)

NAME
       pnmpaste	- paste	a rectangle into a PNM image

SYNOPSIS
       pnmpaste

       [-replace|-or|-and|-xor]

       frompnmfile x y [intopnmfile]

       You can abbreviate all options to their shortest	unique prefix.

DESCRIPTION
       This program is part of Netpbm(1).

       pnmpaste	reads two PNM images as	input and inserts the first image (the
       "pasted image") into the	second (the "base image") at the specified lo-
       cation, and produces a PNM image	the same size and type as the base im-
       age as output.

       Either file name	argument (but not both)	may be '-' to  indicate	 Stan-
       dard  Input.   If  you  don't  specify the second file argument at all,
       that's the same as '-'.

       x and y specify the location in the base	image at which to put the  top
       left corner of the pasted image,	x giving the horizontal	position and x
       giving the vertical position.  A	nonnegative value indicates the	number
       of pixels right of the right edge or below the top edge of the base im-
       age, while a negative value indicates the number	of pixels right	of the
       right  edge  or below the bottom	edge (so x = -5	means 5	pixels left of
       the right edge).

       If any part of the pasted image does not	fit within the base image, pn-
       mpaste fails.

       This  tool is most useful in combination	with pamcut.  For instance, if
       you want	to edit	a small	segment	of a large image, and your image  edi-
       tor  cannot  edit  the large image, you can cut out the segment you are
       interested in, edit it, and then	paste it back in.

       Another useful companion	tool is	pbmmask.

       pamcomp is a more general tool, except that it lacks the	 "or,"	"and,"
       and "xor" functions.  pamcomp allows you	to specify a transparency mask
       in order	to have	only part of the inserted image	get inserted.  So  the
       inserted	 pixels	 need  not  be a rectangle.  You can also have the in-
       serted image be translucent, so the resulting image is a	mixture	of the
       inserted	image and the base image.

OPTIONS
       The  option  specifies  the operation to	use when doing the paste.  The
       default is -replace, which means	to do the obvious paste: replace  pix-
       els of the "into" image with those of the "from"	image.

       -and,  -nand,  -or, -nor, -xor, and nxor	are allowed only if both input
       images are PBM images.  They say	to combine the "from" and  "into"  im-
       ages  by	 performing boolean operations:	Each pixel of the output image
       is the result of	the boolean operation on the corresponding  pixels  of
       the two input image, where white	is TRUE	and black is FALSE.

       Note  that  this	 is  different	from what you would get	by doing a bit
       arithmetic on the bits in the PBM images, because in PBM, white is rep-
       resented	 by  a	0 bit, and 0 in	bit arithmetic corresponds to FALSE in
       boolean arithmetic.

       -nand, -nor, and	-nxor were new in Netpbm 10.85 (December 2018).

SEE ALSO
       pamcomp(1), pamcut(1), pnminvert(1), pnmarith(1), pbmmask(1), pnm(5)

AUTHOR
       Copyright (C) 1989, 1991	by Jef Poskanzer.

DOCUMENT SOURCE
       This manual page	was generated by the Netpbm tool 'makeman'  from  HTML
       source.	The master documentation is at

	      http://netpbm.sourceforge.net/doc/pnmpaste.html

netpbm documentation	       16 December 2018	       Pnmpaste	User Manual(0)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR | DOCUMENT SOURCE

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