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PKG(7)		   FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual		PKG(7)

NAME
     pkg -- a utility for manipulating packages

SYNOPSIS
     pkg <command>
     pkg add [-f] [-r reponame]	[-y] <pkg.txz>
     pkg -N
     pkg [-4 | -6] bootstrap [-f] [-r reponame]	[-y]

DESCRIPTION
     pkg is the	package	management tool.  It is	used to	manage local packages
     installed from ports(7) and install/upgrade packages from remote reposi-
     tories.

     To	avoid backwards	incompatibility	issues,	the actual pkg(8) tool is not
     installed in the base system.  The	first time invoked, pkg	will bootstrap
     the real pkg(8) from a remote repository.

     pkg <command>  If pkg(8) is not installed yet, it will be fetched,	have
		    its	signature verified, installed, and then	have the orig-
		    inal command forwarded to it.  If already installed, the
		    command requested will be forwarded	to the real pkg(8).

     pkg add [-f] [-r reponame]	[-y] <pkg.txz>
		    Install pkg(8) from	a local	package	instead	of fetching
		    from remote.  If signature checking	is enabled, then the
		    correct signature file must	exist and the signature	valid
		    before the package will be installed.  If the -f flag is
		    specified, then pkg(8) will	be installed regardless	if it
		    is already installed.  If the -y flag is specified,	no
		    confirmation will be asked when bootstrapping pkg(8).

		    If a reponame has been specified, then the signature con-
		    figuration for that	repository will	be used.

     pkg -N	    Do not bootstrap, just determine if	pkg(8) is actually in-
		    stalled or not.  Returns 0 and the number of packages in-
		    stalled if it is, otherwise	1.

     pkg [-4 | -6] bootstrap [-f] [-r reponame]	[-y]
		    Attempt to bootstrap and do	not forward anything to	pkg(8)
		    after it is	installed.  With -4 and	-6, pkg	will force
		    IPv4 or IPv6 respectively to fetch pkg(8) and its signa-
		    tures as needed.  If the -f	flag is	specified, then	pkg(8)
		    will be fetched and	installed regardless if	it is already
		    installed.	If the -y flag is specified, no	confirmation
		    will be asked when bootstrapping pkg(8).

		    If a reponame has been specified, then the configuration
		    for	that repository	will be	used.

CONFIGURATION
     Configuration varies in whether it	is in a	repository configuration file
     or	the global configuration file.	The default repository configuration
     for FreeBSD is stored in /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf, and additional repository
     configuration files will be searched for in REPOS_DIR, or
     /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos if it is unset.

     For bootstrapping,	pkg will process all repositories that it finds	and
     use the last enabled repository by	default.

     Repository	configuration is stored	in the following format:

	   FreeBSD: {
	     url: "pkg+http://pkg.FreeBSD.org/${ABI}/latest",
	     mirror_type: "srv",
	     signature_type: "none",
	     fingerprints: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
	     enabled: yes
	   }

     url	     Refer to PACKAGESITE in ENVIRONMENT
     mirror_type     Refer to MIRROR_TYPE in ENVIRONMENT
     signature_type  Refer to SIGNATURE_TYPE in	ENVIRONMENT
     fingerprints    Refer to FINGERPRINTS in ENVIRONMENT
     enabled	     Defines whether this repository should be used or not.
		     Valid values are yes, true, 1, no,	false, 0.

     Global configuration can be stored	in /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf in the fol-
     lowing format:

	   PACKAGESITE:	"pkg+http://pkg.FreeBSD.org/${ABI}/latest",
	   MIRROR_TYPE:	"srv",
	   SIGNATURE_TYPE: "none",
	   FINGERPRINTS: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
	   ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES: "yes"
	   REPOS_DIR: ["/etc/pkg", "/usr/local/etc/pkg/repos"]

     Reference ENVIRONMENT for each variable.

ENVIRONMENT
     The following environment variables can be	set to override	the settings
     from the pkg.conf file used.

     MIRROR_TYPE	This defines which mirror type should be used.	Valid
			values are SRV,	HTTP, NONE.

     ABI		This defines the ABI for the package to	be installed.
			Default	ABI is determined from /bin/sh.

     ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES	If set,	no confirmation	will be	asked when bootstrap-
			ping pkg(8).

     SIGNATURE_TYPE	If set to FINGERPRINTS then a signature	will be	re-
			quired and validated against known certificate finger-
			prints when bootstrapping pkg(8).

     FINGERPRINTS	If SIGNATURE_TYPE is set to FINGERPRINTS this value
			should be set to the directory path where known	fin-
			gerprints are located.

     PACKAGESITE	The URL	that pkg(8) and	other packages will be fetched
			from.

     REPOS_DIR		Comma-separated	list of	directories that should	be
			searched for repository	configuration files.

FILES
     Configuration is read from	the files in the listed	order.	This path can
     be	changed	by setting REPOS_DIR.  The last	enabled	repository is the one
     used for bootstrapping pkg(8).

     /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf

     /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf

     /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/*.conf

EXAMPLES
     Some examples are listed here.  The full list of available	commands are
     available in pkg(8) once it is bootstrapped.

     Search for	a package:
	   $ pkg search	perl

     Install a package:
	   % pkg install perl

     List installed packages:
	   $ pkg info

     Upgrade from remote repository:
	   % pkg upgrade

     List non-automatic	packages:
	   $ pkg query -e '%a =	0' %o

     List automatic packages:
	   $ pkg query -e '%a =	1' %o

     Delete an installed package:
	   % pkg delete	perl

     Remove unneeded dependencies:
	   % pkg autoremove

     Change a package from automatic to	non-automatic, which will prevent
     autoremove	from removing it:
	   % pkg set -A	0 perl

     Change a package from non-automatic to automatic, which will make
     autoremove	allow it be removed once nothing depends on it:
	   % pkg set -A	1 perl

     Create package file from an installed package:
	   % pkg create	-o /usr/ports/packages/All perl

     Determine which package installed a file:
	   $ pkg which /usr/local/bin/perl

     Audit installed packages for security advisories:
	   $ pkg audit

     Check installed packages for checksum mismatches:
	   # pkg check -s -a

     Check for missing dependencies:
	   # pkg check -d -a

SEE ALSO
     ports(7), pkg(8)

HISTORY
     The pkg command first appeared in FreeBSD 9.1.  It	became the default
     package tool in FreeBSD 10.0, replacing the pkg_install suite of tools
     pkg_add(1), pkg_info(1) and pkg_create(1).

FreeBSD	13.0		       February	7, 2021			  FreeBSD 13.0

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | CONFIGURATION | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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