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pine(1)								       pine(1)

NAME
       pine - a	Program	for Internet News and Email

SYNTAX
       pine [ options ]	[ address , address ]

       pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

DESCRIPTION
       Pine  is	 a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Pine	offers	an  intentionally  limited  set	 of  functions
       geared  toward  the  novice  user,  but	it  also has a growing list of
       optional	"power-user" and personal-preference  features.	  pinef	 is  a
       variant	of  Pine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-
       letter commands.	 Pine's	basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap	and  a
	      spelling	checker.   Messages may	be postponed for later comple-
	      tion.

	      Full-screen selection and	management of message folders.

	      Address  book  to	 keep  a  list	of  long  or   frequently-used
	      addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
	      Addresses	may be taken into the address book from	incoming  mail
	      without retyping them.

	      New  mail	 checking  and notification occurs automatically every
	      2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.	refresh-screen
	      (Ctrl-L).

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose	Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet
       Standard	for representing multipart and multimedia data in email.  Pine
       allows  you  to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can also
       initiate	the correct program for	viewing	the object.  It	uses the  sys-
       tem's  mailcap configuration file to determine what program can process
       a particular MIME object	type.  Pine's message composer does  not  have
       integral	 multimedia  capability, but any type of data file --including
       multimedia-- can	be attached to a text message and  sent	 using	MIME's
       encoding	rules.	This allows any	group of individuals with MIME-capable
       mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many other	programs) to  exchange
       formatted  documents,  spread-sheets,  image  files,  etc, via Internet
       email.

       Pine uses the c-client messaging	API to access local  and  remote  mail
       folders.	 This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for	a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as	well as	routines to access remote mail and news	servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP	(Network  News	Trans-
       port  Protocol).	 Outgoing mail is usually handed-off to	the Unix send-
       mail, program but it can	optionally be posted directly via SMTP (Simple
       Mail Transfer Protocol).

OPTIONS
       The command line	options/arguments are:

       address		   Send	 mail  to address.  This will cause Pine to go
			   directly into the message composer.

       -a		   Special anonymous mode for UWIN*

       -c context-number   context-number is the number	corresponding  to  the
			   folder-collection  to  which	 the  -f  command line
			   argument should be  applied.	  By  default  the  -f
			   argument  is	 applied  to the first defined folder-
			   collection.

       -d debug-level	   Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to  the
			   current  .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0 turns
			   debugging off and suppresses	the .pine-debug	 file.

       -f folder	   Open	 folder	 (in  first defined folder collection)
			   instead of INBOX.

       -F file		   Open	named text file	and view with Pine's  browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX	screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial  (comma separated list of) keystrokes which
			   Pine	should execute on startup.

       -k		   Use function	keys for commands. This	is the same as
			   running the command pinef.

       -l		   Expand all collections in FOLDER LIST display.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number	set to number.

       -nr		   Special mode	for UWIN*

       -o		   Open	first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use config-file as the personal configuration  file
			   instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use	config-file  as	the configuration file instead
			   of	default	  system-wide	 configuration	  file
			   pine.conf.

       -r		   Use restricted/demo mode.  Pine will	only send mail
			   to itself and functions like	save  and  export  are
			   restricted.

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be	suspended.

       -conf		   Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
			   figuration file, pine.conf, on the standard output.
			   This	is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.

       -create_lu addrbook sort-order
			   Creates  auxiliarly	index (look-up)	file for addr-
			   book	and sorts addrbook in sort-order, which	may be
			   dont-sort, nickname,	fullname, nickname-with-lists-
			   last,  or  fullname-with-lists-last.	  Useful  when
			   creating global or shared address books.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh	pinerc configuration to	file.

       -sort order	   Sort	the FOLDER INDEX display in one	of the follow-
			   ing orders: arrival,	 subject,  from,  date,	 size,
			   orderedsubj	 or  reverse.  Arrival	order  is  the
			   default.   The  OrderedSubj	choice	 simulates   a
			   threaded  sort.  Any	sort may be reversed by	adding
			   /reverse to it.  Reverse by itself is the  same  as
			   arrival/reverse.

       -option=value	   Assign value	to the config option option e.g. -sig-
			   nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
			   tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

       * UWIN =	University of Washington Information Navigator

CONFIGURATION
       There  are  several levels of Pine configuration.  Configuration	values
       at a given level	over-ride corresponding	values at  lower  levels.   In
       order of	increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide pine.conf	file.
	o personal .pinerc file	(may be	set via	built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There  is  one  exception  to  the  rule	 that configuration values are
       replaced	by the value of	the same option	in a  higher-precedence	 file:
       the  feature-list  variable  has	 values	 that are additive, but	can be
       negated by prepending "no-" in front of	an  individual	feature	 name.
       Unix Pine also uses the following environment variables:

	 TERM
	 DISPLAY     (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon	delimited list of path names to	mailcap	files)

FILES
       /var/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book	file.
       ~/.addressbook.lu	   Default address book	index file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal pine config	file.
       ~/.newsrc		   News	subscription/state file.
       ~/.signature		   Default signature file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal file extension to MIME  type  map-
       ping
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/lib/pine.info	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/lib/pine.conf	   System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/lib/pine.conf.fixed	    Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\var\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail	   Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail		   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

SEE ALSO
       pico(1),	 binmail(1),  aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),	sendmail(8), spell(1),
       imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Pine Information	Center:	 http://www.washington.edu/pine
       Source distribution:  ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/pine/pine.tar.Z
       Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client	messaging API library, included	in the source distribution.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       The University of Washington Pine development team (part	of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

	Project	Leader:		  Mike Seibel.
	Principal authors:	  Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade.
	C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin.
	Pico, the PIne COmposer:  Mike Seibel.
	Bug triage, user support: David	Miller.
	Port integration:	  David	Miller.
	Documentation:		  David	Miller,	Stefan Kramer, Kathryn Sharpe.
	PC-Pine	for DOS:	  Mike Seibel.
	PC-Pine	for Windows:	  Tom Unger.
	Project	oversight:	  Terry	Gray.
	Principal Patrons:	  Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant.
	Additional support:	  NorthWestNet.
	Initial	Pine code base:	  Elm, by Dave Taylor &	USENET Community Trust.
	Initial	Pico code base:	  MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy.
	User Interface design:	  Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS.
	Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks	from all over!

       Copyright 1989-1996 by the University of	Washington.
       Pine and	Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.

       96.02.17

				 Version 3.95			       pine(1)

NAME | SYNTAX | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | CONFIGURATION | FILES | SEE ALSO | ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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