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pine(1)			    General Commands Manual		       pine(1)

       pine - a	Program	for Internet News and Email

       pine [ options ]	[ address , address ]

       pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

       Pine  is	 a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con-
       figuration, Pine	offers	an  intentionally  limited  set	 of  functions
       geared  toward  the  novice  user,  but	it  also has a growing list of
       optional	"power-user" and personal-preference  features.	  pinef	 is  a
       variant	of  Pine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-
       letter commands.	 Pine's	basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap	and  a
	      spelling	checker.   Messages may	be postponed for later comple-

	      Full-screen selection and	management of message folders.

	      Address  book  to	 keep  a  list	of  long  or   frequently-used
	      addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
	      Addresses	may be taken into the address book from	incoming  mail
	      without retyping them.

	      New  mail	 checking  and notification occurs automatically every
	      2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.	refresh-screen

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Pine supports MIME (Multipurpose	Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet
       Standard	for representing multipart and multimedia data in email.  Pine
       allows  you  to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can also
       initiate	the correct program for	viewing	the object.  It	uses the  sys-
       tem's  mailcap configuration file to determine what program can process
       a particular MIME object	type.  Pine's message composer does  not  have
       integral	 multimedia  capability, but any type of data file --including
       multimedia-- can	be attached to a text message and  sent	 using	MIME's
       encoding	rules.	This allows any	group of individuals with MIME-capable
       mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many other	programs) to  exchange
       formatted  documents,  spread-sheets,  image  files,  etc, via Internet

       Pine uses the c-client messaging	API to access local  and  remote  mail
       folders.	 This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for	a variety of different mail file  for-
       mats, as	well as	routines to access remote mail and news	servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP	(Network  News	Trans-
       port  Protocol).	 Outgoing mail is usually handed-off to	the Unix send-
       mail, program but it can	optionally be posted directly via SMTP (Simple
       Mail Transfer Protocol).

       The command line	options/arguments are:

       address		   Send	 mail  to address.  This will cause Pine to go
			   directly into the message composer.

       -a		   Special anonymous mode for UWIN*

       -c context-number   context-number is the number	corresponding  to  the
			   folder-collection  to  which	 the  -f  command line
			   argument should be  applied.	  By  default  the  -f
			   argument  is	 applied  to the first defined folder-

       -d debug-level	   Output diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to  the
			   current  .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0 turns
			   debugging off and suppresses	the .pine-debug	file.

       -f folder	   Open	folder (in first  defined  folder  collection)
			   instead of INBOX.

       -F file		   Open	named text file	and view with Pine's browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX	screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial  (comma separated list of) keystrokes which
			   Pine	should execute on startup.

       -k		   Use function	keys for commands. This	is the same as
			   running the command pinef.

       -l		   Expand all collections in FOLDER LIST display.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number	set to number.

       -nr		   Special mode	for UWIN*

       -o		   Open	first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use	config-file as the personal configuration file
			   instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use config-file as the configuration	 file  instead
			   of	 default    system-wide	  configuration	  file

       -r		   Use restricted/demo mode.  Pine will	only send mail
			   to  itself  and  functions like save	and export are

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be	suspended.

       -conf		   Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con-
			   figuration file, pine.conf, on the standard output.
			   This	is distinct from the per-user .pinerc file.

       -create_lu addrbook sort-order
			   Creates auxiliarly index (look-up) file  for	 addr-
			   book	and sorts addrbook in sort-order, which	may be
			   dont-sort, nickname,	fullname, nickname-with-lists-
			   last,  or  fullname-with-lists-last.	  Useful  when
			   creating global or shared address books.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh	pinerc configuration to	file.

       -sort order	   Sort	the FOLDER INDEX display in one	of the follow-
			   ing	orders:	 arrival,  subject,  from, date, size,
			   orderedsubj	or  reverse.  Arrival  order  is   the
			   default.    The   OrderedSubj  choice  simulates  a
			   threaded sort.  Any sort may	be reversed by	adding
			   /reverse  to	 it.  Reverse by itself	is the same as

       -option=value	   Assign value	to the config option option e.g. -sig-
			   nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot-
			   tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

       * UWIN =	University of Washington Information Navigator

       There are several levels	of Pine	configuration.	 Configuration	values
       at  a  given  level over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.  In
       order of	increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide pine.conf	file.
	o personal .pinerc file	(may be	set via	built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There is	one exception  to  the	rule  that  configuration  values  are
       replaced	 by  the value of the same option in a higher-precedence file:
       the feature-list	variable has values that  are  additive,  but  can  be
       negated	by  prepending	"no-"  in front	of an individual feature name.
       Unix Pine also uses the following environment variables:

	 DISPLAY     (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon	delimited list of path names to	mailcap	files)

       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book	file.
       ~/	   Default address book	index file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal pine config	file.
       ~/.newsrc		   News	subscription/state file.
       ~/.signature		   Default signature file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal file extension to MIME  type  map-
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/local/lib/	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/local/lib/pine.conf	   System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/local/lib/pine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail	   Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail		   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

       pico(1),	 binmail(1),  aliases(5),  mailaddr(7),	sendmail(8), spell(1),

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Pine Information	Center:
       Source distribution:
       Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client	messaging API library, included	in the source distribution.

       The University of Washington Pine development team (part	of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

	Project	Leader:		  Mike Seibel.
	Principal authors:	  Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade.
	C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin.
	Pico, the PIne COmposer:  Mike Seibel.
	Bug triage, user support: David	Miller.
	Port integration:	  David	Miller.
	Documentation:		  David	Miller,	Stefan Kramer, Kathryn Sharpe.
	PC-Pine	for DOS:	  Mike Seibel.
	PC-Pine	for Windows:	  Tom Unger.
	Project	oversight:	  Terry	Gray.
	Principal Patrons:	  Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant.
	Additional support:	  NorthWestNet.
	Initial	Pine code base:	  Elm, by Dave Taylor &	USENET Community Trust.
	Initial	Pico code base:	  MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy.
	User Interface design:	  Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS.
	Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks	from all over!

       Copyright 1989-1996 by the University of	Washington.
       Pine and	Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.


				 Version 3.95			       pine(1)


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