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PGREP(1)			 User Commands			      PGREP(1)

NAME
       pgrep,  pkill - look up or signal processes based on name and other at-
       tributes

SYNOPSIS
       pgrep [options] pattern
       pkill [options] pattern

DESCRIPTION
       pgrep looks through the	currently  running  processes  and  lists  the
       process IDs which match the selection criteria to stdout.  All the cri-
       teria have to match.  For example,

	      $	pgrep -u root sshd

       will only list the processes called sshd	AND owned  by  root.   On  the
       other hand,

	      $	pgrep -u root,daemon

       will list the processes owned by	root OR	daemon.

       pkill  will  send  the  specified  signal  (by default SIGTERM) to each
       process instead of listing them on stdout.

OPTIONS
       -signal
       --signal	signal
	      Defines the signal to send to each matched process.  Either  the
	      numeric or the symbolic signal name can be used.	(pkill only.)

       -c, --count
	      Suppress	normal	output;	instead	print a	count of matching pro-
	      cesses.  When count does not match anything, e.g.	returns	 zero,
	      the command will return non-zero value.

       -d, --delimiter delimiter
	      Sets  the	 string	 used to delimit each process ID in the	output
	      (by default a newline).  (pgrep only.)

       -f, --full
	      The pattern is normally only matched against the	process	 name.
	      When -f is set, the full command line is used.

       -g, --pgroup pgrp,...
	      Only  match  processes in	the process group IDs listed.  Process
	      group 0 is translated into pgrep's or pkill's own	process	group.

       -G, --group gid,...
	      Only match processes whose real group ID is listed.  Either  the
	      numerical	or symbolical value may	be used.

       -l, --list-name
	      List the process name as well as the process ID.	(pgrep only.)

       -a, --list-full
	      List  the	 full  command line as well as the process ID.	(pgrep
	      only.)

       -n, --newest
	      Select only the newest (most recently started) of	 the  matching
	      processes.

       -o, --oldest
	      Select  only the oldest (least recently started) of the matching
	      processes.

       -P, --parent ppid,...
	      Only match processes whose parent	process	ID is listed.

       -s, --session sid,...
	      Only match processes whose process session ID is	listed.	  Ses-
	      sion ID 0	is translated into pgrep's or pkill's own session ID.

       -t, --terminal term,...
	      Only  match processes whose controlling terminal is listed.  The
	      terminal name should be specified	without	the "/dev/" prefix.

       -u, --euid euid,...
	      Only match processes whose effective user	ID is listed.	Either
	      the numerical or symbolical value	may be used.

       -U, --uid uid,...
	      Only  match  processes whose real	user ID	is listed.  Either the
	      numerical	or symbolical value may	be used.

       -v, --inverse
	      Negates the matching.  This option is usually  used  in  pgrep's
	      context.	 In  pkill's  context  the short option	is disabled to
	      avoid accidental usage of	the option.

       -w, --lightweight
	      Shows all	thread ids instead of pids  in	pgrep's	 context.   In
	      pkill's context this option is disabled.

       -x, --exact
	      Only match processes whose names (or command line	if -f is spec-
	      ified) exactly match the pattern.

       -F, --pidfile file
	      Read PID's from file.  This option is perhaps  more  useful  for
	      pkill than pgrep.

       -L, --logpidfile
	      Fail if pidfile (see -F) not locked.

       --ns pid
	      Match  processes that belong to the same namespaces. Required to
	      run as root to match processes from other	 users.	 See  --nslist
	      for how to limit which namespaces	to match.

       --nslist	name,...
	      Match  only  the provided	namespaces. Available namespaces: ipc,
	      mnt, net,	pid, user,uts.

       -V, --version
	      Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
	      Display help and exit.

OPERANDS
       pattern
	      Specifies	an Extended Regular Expression	for  matching  against
	      the process names	or command lines.

EXAMPLES
       Example 1: Find the process ID of the named daemon:

	      $	pgrep -u root named

       Example 2: Make syslog reread its configuration file:

	      $	pkill -HUP syslogd

       Example 3: Give detailed	information on all xterm processes:

	      $	ps -fp $(pgrep -d, -x xterm)

       Example 4: Make all netscape processes run nicer:

	      $	renice +4 $(pgrep netscape)

EXIT STATUS
       0      One or more processes matched the	criteria.
       1      No processes matched.
       2      Syntax error in the command line.
       3      Fatal error: out of memory etc.

NOTES
       The  process  name  used	 for  matching is limited to the 15 characters
       present in the output of	/proc/pid/stat.	 Use the -f  option  to	 match
       against the complete command line, /proc/pid/cmdline.

       The running pgrep or pkill process will never report itself as a	match.

BUGS
       The  options  -n	and -o and -v can not be combined.  Let	me know	if you
       need to do this.

       Defunct processes are reported.

SEE ALSO
       ps(1), regex(7),	signal(7), killall(1), skill(1), kill(1), kill(2)

STANDARDS
       pkill and pgrep were introduced in Sun's	Solaris	7.   This  implementa-
       tion is fully compatible.

AUTHOR
       Kjetil Torgrim Homme <kjetilho@ifi.uio.no>

REPORTING BUGS
       Please send bug reports to <procps@freelists.org>

procps-ng			 October 2012			      PGREP(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | OPERANDS | EXAMPLES | EXIT STATUS | NOTES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | AUTHOR | REPORTING BUGS

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