Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages

  
 
  

home | help
pg(1)				 User Commands				 pg(1)

NAME
       pg - files perusal filter for CRTs

SYNOPSIS
       pg  [-number]  [-p string]  [-cefnrs]  [	 + linenumber] [ +/ pattern /]
       [filename...]

DESCRIPTION
       The pg command is a filter that allows the examination of filenames one
       screenful  at a time on a CRT. If the user types	a RETURN, another page
       is displayed; other possibilities are listed below.

       This command is different from previous paginators in  that  it	allows
       you to back up and review something that	has already passed. The	method
       for doing this is explained below.

       To determine terminal attributes, pg scans the  terminfo(4)  data  base
       for  the	 terminal  type	specified by the environment variable TERM. If
       TERM is not defined, the	terminal type dumb is assumed.

OPTIONS
       -number
	     An	integer	specifying the size (in	lines) of the window  that  pg
	     is	 to  use  instead of the default. (On a	terminal containing 24
	     lines, the	default	window size is 23).

       -p string
	     pg	uses string as the prompt. If the prompt string	contains a %d,
	     the  first	occurrence of %d in the	prompt will be replaced	by the
	     current page number when the prompt is issued. The	default	prompt
	     string is ``:''.

       -c    Home the cursor and clear the screen before displaying each page.
	     This option is ignored if clear_screen is not  defined  for  this
	     terminal type in the terminfo(4) data base.

       -e    pg	does not pause at the end of each file.

       -f    Normally,	pg splits lines	longer than the	screen width, but some
	     sequences of characters in	the  text  being  displayed  (for  in-
	     stance,  escape  sequences	 for underlining) generate undesirable
	     results. The -f option inhibits pg	from splitting lines.

       -n    Normally, commands	must be	terminated by a	 <newline>  character.
	     This  option causes an automatic end of command as	soon as	a com-
	     mand letter is entered.

       -r    Restricted	mode. The shell	escape is disallowed. pg prints	an er-
	     ror message but does not exit.

       -s    pg	 prints	 all  messages and prompts in the standard output mode
	     (usually inverse video).

       +linenumber
	     Start up at linenumber.

       +/pattern/
	     Start up at the first line	containing the regular expression pat-
	     tern.

OPERANDS
       The following operands are supported:

       filename
	     A	path  name  of	a text file to be displayed. If	no filename is
	     given, or if it is	-, the standard	input is read.

USAGE
   Commands
       The responses that may be typed when pg	pauses	can  be	 divided  into
       three categories: those causing further perusal,	those that search, and
       those that modify the perusal environment.

       Commands	that cause further perusal normally take a preceding  address,
       an  optionally  signed  number  indicating the point from which further
       text should be displayed. This address is interpreted in	 either	 pages
       or  lines  depending on the command. A signed address specifies a point
       relative	to the current page or line, and an unsigned address specifies
       an  address  relative  to the beginning of the file. Each command has a
       default address that is used if none is provided.

       The perusal commands and	their defaults are as follows:

       (+1)<newline> or	<blank>
	     This causes one page to be	displayed.  The	address	 is  specified
	     in	pages.

       (+1) l
	     With  a relative address this causes pg to	simulate scrolling the
	     screen, forward or	backward, the number of	lines specified.  With
	     an	 absolute address this command prints a	screenful beginning at
	     the specified line.

       (+1) d or ^D
	     Simulates scrolling half a	screen forward or backward.

       if    Skip i screens of text.

       iz    Same as <newline> except that i, if present, becomes the new  de-
	     fault number of lines per screenful.

       The following perusal commands take no address.

       . or ^L
	     Typing  a single period causes the	current	page of	text to	be re-
	     displayed.

       $     Displays the last windowful in the	file. Use  with	 caution  when
	     the input is a pipe.

       The following commands are available for	searching for text patterns in
       the text. The regular expressions are described on the regex(5)	manual
       page. They must always be terminated by a <newline>, even if the	-n op-
       tion is specified.

       i/pattern/
	     Search forward for	the ith	(default i=1) occurrence  of  pattern.
	     Searching begins immediately after	the current page and continues
	     to	the end	of the current file, without wrap-around.

       i^pattern^

       i?pattern?
	     Search backwards for the ith (default i=1)	occurrence of pattern.
	     Searching	begins immediately before the current page and contin-
	     ues to the	beginning of the current  file,	 without  wrap-around.
	     The  ^  notation  is useful for Adds 100 terminals	which will not
	     properly handle the ?.

       After searching,	pg will	normally display the line found	at the top  of
       the screen. This	can be modified	by appending m or b to the search com-
       mand to leave the line found in the middle or at	the bottom of the win-
       dow from	now on.	The suffix t can be used to restore the	original situ-
       ation.

       The user	of pg can modify the environment of perusal with the following
       commands:

       in    Begin perusing the	ith next file in the command line. The i is an
	     unsigned number, default value is 1.

       ip    Begin perusing the	ith previous file in the command line. i is an
	     unsigned number, default is 1.

       iw    Display  another  window of text. If i is present,	set the	window
	     size to i.

       s filename
	     Save the input in the named file. Only the	current	file being pe-
	     rused is saved. The white space between the s and filename	is op-
	     tional. This command must always be terminated  by	 a  <newline>,
	     even if the -n option is specified.

       h     Help by displaying	an abbreviated summary of available commands.

       q or Q
	     Quit pg.

       !command
	     Command  is  passed  to  the  shell, whose	name is	taken from the
	     SHELL environment variable. If this is not	available, the default
	     shell  is used. This command must always be terminated by a <new-
	     line>, even if the	-n option is specified.

       At any time when	output is being	sent to	the terminal, the user can hit
       the  quit  key  (normally  CTRL-\)  or  the interrupt (break) key. This
       causes pg to stop sending output, and display the prompt. The user  may
       then  enter  one	 of  the above commands	in the normal manner. Unfortu-
       nately, some output is lost when	this is	done, because  any  characters
       waiting in the terminal's output	queue are flushed when the quit	signal
       occurs.

       If the standard output is not  a	 terminal,  then  pg  acts  just  like
       cat(1),	except	that a header is printed before	each file (if there is
       more than one).

   Large File Behavior
       See largefile(5)	for the	description of the behavior of pg when encoun-
       tering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes).

EXAMPLES
       Example 1: An example of	the pg command.

       The following command line uses pg to read the system news:

	      example% news | pg -p "(Page %d):"

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       See  environ(5) for descriptions	of the following environment variables
       that affect the execution of pg:	LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

       The following environment variables affect the execution	of pg:

       COLUMNS
	     Determine the horizontal screen size. If unset or NULL,  use  the
	     value of TERM,    the window size,	baud rate, or some combination
	     of	these, to indicate the terminal	type for the screen size  cal-
	     culation.

       LINES Determine	the  number of lines to	be displayed on	the screen. If
	     unset or NULL, use	the value of TERM,    the  window  size,  baud
	     rate, or some combination of these, to indicate the terminal type
	     for the screen size calculation.

       SHELL Determine the name	of the	command	 interpreter  executed	for  a
	     !command.

       TERM  Determine	terminal  attributes.  Optionally  attempt to search a
	     system-dependent database,	keyed on the value of the  TERM	 envi-
	     ronment  variable.	If no information is available,	a terminal in-
	     capable of	cursor-addressable movement is assumed.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values are returned:

       0     Successful	completion.

       >0    An	error occurred.

FILES
       /tmp/pg*
	     temporary file when input is from a pipe

       /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/*
	     terminal information database

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |      ATTRIBUTE	TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       |Availability		     |SUNWcsu			   |
       |CSI			     |enabled			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+

SEE ALSO
       cat(1),	grep(1),  more(1),  terminfo(4),  attributes(5),   environ(5),
       largefile(5), regex(5)

NOTES
       While  waiting  for  terminal  input, pg	responds to BREAK, CTRL-C, and
       CTRL-\ by terminating execution.	Between	prompts, however,  these  sig-
       nals  interrupt	pg's  current  task and	place the user in prompt mode.
       These should be used with caution when input is being read from a pipe,
       since  an  interrupt  is	 likely	to terminate the other commands	in the
       pipeline.

       The terminal /, ^, or ? may be omitted from the searching commands.

       If terminal tabs	are not	set every eight	positions, undesirable results
       may occur.

       When  using pg as a filter with another command that changes the	termi-
       nal I/O options,	terminal settings may not be restored correctly.

SunOS 5.9			  25 Feb 1996				 pg(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | OPERANDS | USAGE | EXAMPLES | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | EXIT STATUS | FILES | ATTRIBUTES | SEE ALSO | NOTES

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=pg&sektion=1&manpath=SunOS+5.9>

home | help